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"    '      *~^ 


'T  '  •  •  '"••  -  "A 

*  i-"  •  >^     "-';'  A 

'    i  ^ 


TOPOGRAPHICAL    DICTIONARY 


OF 


ENGLAND, 


COMPRISING    THE 


SEVERAL  COUNTIES,  CITIES,  BOROUGHS,  CORPORATE  AND  MARKET  TOWNS, 

PARISHES,  AND  TOWNSHIPS, 
AND  THE  ISLANDS  OF  GUERNSEY,  JERSEY,  AND  MAN, 


HISTORICAL  AND  STATISTICAL  DESCRIPTIONS 


AND    EMBELMSHEU    WITH 


ENGRAVINGS  OF  THE  ARMS  OF  THE  CITIES,  BISHOPRICS,  UNIVERSITIES,  COLLEGES,  CORPORATE  TOWNS, 
AND  BOROUGHS;  AND  OF  THE  SEALS  OF  THE  VARIOUS  MUNICIPAL  CORPORATIONS. 


BY  SAMUEL  LEWIS. 


dftftfi  iBirtttom 


IN  FOUR  VOLUMES. 
VOL.  I. 


LONDON: 
PUBLISHED  BY  S.  LEWIS  AND  CO.,  13,  FINSBURY  PLACE,  SOUTH. 


M.DCCC.XLV. 


lAJiOOSLOT 


PREFACE. 


IN  publishing  a  FIFTH  EDITION  of  the  TOPOGRAPHICAL  DICTIONARY  OF  ENGLAND,  embracing  a 
description  of  each  county,  city,  town,  parish,  and  township  in  the  kingdom,  together  with 
notices  of  the  islands  of  Man,  Guernsey,  Jersey,  &c.,  the  Proprietors  consider  it  necessary  to 
make  a  few  brief  remarks  for  the  information  of  those  Subscribers  who  may  not  have  seen  the 
more  explanatory  Preface  to  the  First  edition. 

With  a  view  to  secure  a  well-condensed  and  accurate  account  of  every  place  possessing 
either  civil  or  ecclesiastical  jurisdiction,  several  gentlemen  of  competent  talents  and  industry 
were  originally  engaged  to  make  a  general  survey  of  the  kingdom,  and  procure,  by  personal 
examination,  the  fullest  information  upon  the  different  subjects  contemplated  in  the  plan  of 
the  work;  their  inquiries  being  facilitated  by  printed  questions,  including  every  particular 
to  which  their  attention  was  to  be  directed.  And  the  Proprietors  beg  to  return  their 
unfeigned  thanks  for  the  courtesy  uniformly  extended  to  their  agents,  during  the  time  they 
were  employed  in  their  pursuit ;  and  gratefully  to  acknowledge  the  prompt  assistance  re- 
ceived from  the  resident  nobility,  gentry,  and  clergy,  and  persons  holding  official  situations, 
many  of  whom  transmitted  original  manuscripts,  containing  much  highly  valuable  matter 
never  before  published. 

It  was  at  first  intended  that  the  work  should  be  confined  simply  to  a  topographical  and 
statistical  account  of  the  various  districts ;  but  considering  that  a  summary  of  the  history  of  such 
places  as  either  are,  or  have  been,  of  importance,  would  render  it  more  comprehensive  and 
interesting,  it  was  determined  to  introduce  a  concise  narrative  of  the  principal  events  which 
mark  their  progress  from  their  origin  to  the  present  time ;  and  to  effect  this,  other  gentlemen 


iv  PREFACE. 

were  entrusted  with  the  task  of  selecting  from  general  and  local  histories,  authentic  records, 
and  manuscripts  at  the  British  Museum,  and  other  public  libraries,  notices  of  the  most 
remarkable  occurrences  connected  with  each  spot. 

Since  the  publication  of  the  last  edition  of  the  Dictionary,  the  Proprietors  have  received 
from  the  gentry  and  clergy  resident  in  different  parts  of  the  country,  several  thousands  of 
communications,  enabling  them  to  embody  much  additional  information,  and  to  correct 
many  statements  which  had  become  erroneous  in  consequence  of  the  lapse  of  time,  or  from 
changes  that  had  subsequently  occurred;  and  to  the  parochial  clergy,  especially,  they  are 
deeply  indebted  for  the  contribution,  in  detail,  of  those  facts  with  which  they  are  necessarily 
best  acquainted.  In  addition  to  these  sources,  the  Proprietors  have  availed  themselves  of  the 
opportunity  of  noticing  in  the  present  edition,  where  needful,  the  multifarious  alterations 
caused  by  recent  legislative  enactments,  whereof  the  principal  are,  the  Act  of  the  2nd  and  3rd 
William  IV.,  c.  45,  by  which  the  system  of  parliamentary  representation  was  remodelled,  and 
new  electoral  divisions  were  formed  ;  the  Poor  Law  Act,  by  which  the  country  was  divided  into 
unions ;  the  Act  relating  to  Episcopal  Dioceses  and  Patronage ;  the  Municipal  Corporations' 
Act,  which  rendered  the  constitution  and  mode  of  government  of  the  corporate  bodies  connected 
with  about  one  hundred  and  seventy  of  the  most  distinguished  places  in  England,  totally 
different ;  and  the  Tithes'  Commutation  Act.  And  diligent  use  has  also  been  made  of  some  of 
the  Reports  that  have  been  printed  under  the  authority  of  Parliament,  or  of  Commissions, 
including  the  last-published  volumes  of  the  Reports  of  the  Charities'  Commissioners,  whose 
labours  have  been  recently  completed  in  37  folio  volumes ;  and  the  Report  of  the  Commis- 
sioners appointed  by  his  late  Majesty  to  inquire  into  the  Ecclesiastical  Revenues.  Another 
feature  in  this  new  Edition  is,  the  introduction  of  the  acreage  of  nearly  every  parish,  given  on 
the  authority  of  statements  forwarded  by  resident  persons  with  whom  the  Proprietors  have 
communicated  ;  which  information  is  rendered  more  important,  as  the  returns  of  government,  in 
consequence  of  the  nature  of  the  sources  from  which  they  are  derived,  are  for  the  most  part 
exceedingly  inaccurate,  and  form  but  an  approximation  to  the  real  facts. 

The  arrangement  of  the  different  places  is  strictly  alphabetical,  each  being  given  under  its 
proper  name,  and  the  epithet,  if  any,  by  which  it  is  distinguished  from  another  locality  of  the 
same  designation,  following  after  the  chief  heading :  and  the  ensuing  order  of  subjects,  when  the 
topics  are  noticed  in  the  work,  has  been  generally  adopted  : — 1.  Name  of  the  place,  and  of  the 
saint  to  whom  the  church  is  dedicated  ;  situation  ;  population,  according  to  the  census  of  1841  ; 
origin,  and  etymology  of  name  ;  summary  of  historical  events,  whether  of  a  national  or  particular 


PREFACE.  v 

kind. — 2.  Local  description ;  distinguishing  features  of  surface  ;  soil ;  number  of  acres,  &c. ; 
mines  and  quarries;  scientific  and  literary  institutions;  sources  of  amusement;  commerce, 
trade,  and  manufactures  ;  facilities  afforded  by  rivers,  railroads,  canals,  &c. ;  markets  and  fairs. — 
3.  Municipal  government ;  privileges  and  immunities ;  courts  of  justice,  prisons,  &c. ;  parlia- 
mentary representation. — 4.  Ecclesiastical  and  religious  establishments;  particulars  respecting 
livings,  tithes,  glebe,  patronage;  description  of  churches;  dissenters'  places  of  worship. — 5. 
Scholastic  and  charitable  foundations  and  endowments ;  benevolent  institutions ;  hospitals ; 
almshouses. — 6.  Monastic  institutions;  antiquities;  mineral  springs;  natural  phenomena; 
eminent  natives  and  residents ;  title  which  the  place  confers. 

The  Maps  accompanying  the  work  are  derived  from  the  best  authorities,  corrected  up  to 
the  present  time,  and  are  printed  from  steel  plates.  The  Arms  and  Seals  of  the  several  cities, 
boroughs,  corporate  towns,  bishoprics,  universities,  colleges,  &c.,  have  been  drawn  and  engraved 
from  impressions  in  wax,  furnished  by  the  respective  corporate  bodies ;  and  although  they  have 
generally  been  either  enlarged,  or  reduced,  to  one  size,  for  the  sake  of  uniformity,  yet  great 
care  has  been  taken  to  preserve,  in  each  instance,  an  exact  fac-simile  of  the  original ;  the 
difficulty  of  effecting  which,  from  the  mutilated  state  of  many  of  the  seals,  was  kindly  removed 
by  Sir  George  Nayler,  and  other  gentlemen  at  the  Heralds'  College,  who  also  furnished  the 

Arms  of  some  of  the  towns. 

>  •  * 

The  Proprietors  cannot  entertain  the  hope  that,  in  a  work  compiled  from  such  a  variety  of 
sources,  and  containing  notices  so  numerous  and  diversified,  errors  have  not  occurred ;  indeed, 
the  information,  even  when  collected  upon  the  spot,  from  the  most  intelligent  persons,  has 
frequently  been  so  contradictory  as  to  require  much  labour  and  perseverance  to  reconcile  and 
verify  it.  They  have,  however,  regardless  of  expense,  used  the  most  indefatigable  exertions  to 
attain  correctness,  and  to  render  the  work  as  complete  as  possible ;  and  they,  therefore,  trust 
that  any  occasional  inaccuracy  will  receive  the  indulgence  of  the  Subscribers. 

The  Proprietors  had  flattered  themselves  that  this  publication,  the  first  edition  of  which 
exclusively  occupied  them  nearly  six  years,  at  an  outlay  of  more  than  FORTY-EIGHT  THOUSAND 
POUNDS,  would  have  escaped  the  depredation  of  piracy ;  but  the  result  has  been  otherwise,  and 
they  have  been  compelled,  in  more  than  one  instance,  to  seek  the  protection  of  the  Court  of 
Chancery :  in  the  case  relating  to  Messrs.  Fullarton,  of  Glasgow,  and  King  Square,  London, 
the  following  Judgment  was  given  by  the  Master  of  the  Rolls : — 


vi  PREFACE. 


LEWIS  versus  FULLARTON. 


JUDGMENT  DELIVERED  BY  THE  MASTER  OF  THE  ROLLS,  JULY  16,  1839. 


IN  this  case  the  plaintiffs  moved  for  an  injunction  to  restrain  the  defendant,  his  agents,  servants,  and  workmen, 
from  further  printing,  publishing,  selling,  or  delivering,  or  otherwise  disposing  of  any  copies  of  a  book  called 
"  A  NEW  and  COMPREHENSIVE  GAZETTEER  of  ENGLAND  and  WALES,"  published  by  the  defendant,  or  any  part 
thereof.  The  plantiffs  are  the  publishers  of  a  work  called  "  LEWIS'S  TOPOGRAPHICAL  DICTIONARY  of  ENG- 
LAND : "  it  was  prepared  for  publication  at  a  very  great  expense,  and  with  great  literary  assistance,  and,  according 
to  the  evidence,  I  think,  consists  partly  of  compilations  and  selections  of  former  works,  and  partly  of  original 
compositions,  obtained  at  their  own  cost ;  and  the  plaintiffs  allege,  as  to  such  parts  of  their  work  as  consisted  of 
compilations  and  selections,  those  parts  have  been  subjected  to  investigation  and  inquiry  in  the  localities  to  which  they 
relate.  There  is  no  doubt  but  that  a  work  of  this  nature  may  be  the  subject  of  copyright,  and  on  consideration 
of  the  evidence  adduced  in  this  case,  /  am  clearly  of  opinion  that  for  the  purposes  of  this  motion  I  must  consider  the 
plaintiffs  as  entitled  to  the  copyright  which  they  claim.  The  first  edition  of  the  plaintiffs'  work  was  published  in  the 
month  of  May,  1831.  It  seems  that  some  of  the  copies  were  corrected  or  varied  in  passing  through  the  press,  so 
that  there  are  some  differences  between  the  copies  of  the  plaintiffs'  work  which  constituted  their  first  edition.  A 
second  edition  was  published  in  December,  1833,  and  a  third  in  June,  1835.  The  printing  of  the  defendant's 
work  commenced  in  the  month  of  June,  1832,  and  it  was  completed  in  May,  1834.  The  plaintiffs  having  obtained  a 
considerable  sale  for  their  work,  were  informed,  about  the  end  of  the  year  1837,  that  the  sale  was  interfered  with 
by  a  Scotch  work  ;  in  February,  1838,  they  were  informed  that  this  Scotch  work  was  the  defendant's  Gazetteer ; 
and  on  an  examination  of  the  work  about  June,  1838,  the  plaintiffs,  as  they  allege,  first  discovered  the  piracy 
of  which  they  now  complain,  and  against  which  they  seek  to  be  protected.  It  has  been  endeavoured  to  be 
shown,  on  the  part  of  the  defendant,  that  the  plaintiffs  must  have  been  aware  of  the  publication,  contents,  and 
nature  of  the  defendant's  work  at  a  much  earlier  period,  and  ought  to  be  now  precluded  from  asking  for  an  injunc- 
tion by  their  own  laches  in  not  asking  for  relief  sooner ;  but  on  reading  the  evidence  as  to  this  point,  I  think  it 
appears,  although  they  had  previously  been  informed  of  the  title  of  the  defendant's  publication,  they  did  not 
know  the  character  and  contents  of  it  till  June,  1838,  and  as  the  bill  was  filed  in  the  following  month,  there  does 
not  appear  to  have  been  any  improper  or  unnecessary  delay. 

On  a  comparison  of  the  two  works  it  appears,  and  has  necessarily  been  admitted,  that  a  considerable  portion  of 
the  matter  which  is  contained  in  the  plaintiffs'  work  has  found  its  way  into  the  work  of  defendant,  for  the  de- 
fendant insists  that,  with  respect  to  such  parts  of  the  plaintiffs'  work  as  are  not  original,  he  had  a  right  to  go  to 
the  sources  to  which  the  plaintiffs  had  previously  resorted  ;  that  with  respect  to  such  parts  of  the  plaintiffs' 
work  as  are  original,  a  lawful  use  only  has  been  made  of  them  :  the  compiler,  it  is  said,  has  taken  nothing  animo 
furandi,  but  made  only  a  fair  use  of  a  former  publication  on  the  subject  of  his  own  subsequent  work.  It  is  said 
the  defendant's  work  was  undertaken  by  his  late  father,  who  employed  Mr.  James  Bell  to  prepare  it  for  the 
press  ;  that  Mr.  Bell  was  supplied  with  a  great  number  of  topographical  and  other  works,  and  amongst  others  with 
the  plaintiffs'  Topographical  Dictionary ;  that  a  fair  use  was  made  of  all,  and  the  plaintiffs  have  no  right  to  com- 
plain of  what  has  been  done.  Any  man  is  entitled,  no  doubt,  to  write  and  publish  a  Topographical  Dictionary, 
and  to  avail  himself  of  the  labours  of  all  other  writers  whose  works  are  not  protected  by  copyright,  und  of 
all  public  sources  of  information  ;  but  whilst  all  are  entitled  to  the  common  sources  of  information,  none  are 
entitled  to  save  themselves  trouble  and  expense  by  availing  themselves,  for  their  own  profit,  of  other  men's  works, 
still  entitled  to  the  protection  of  copyright ;  and  the  question  is,  whether  Mr.  Bell  did  or  did  not,  for  the  compi- 
lation of  the  work  in  which  he  was  engaged,  avail  himself  of  the  plaintiffs'  work  unlawfully  and  in  violation  of 
the  plaintiffs'  copyright ;  for  the  purpose  of  ascertaining  which,  I  have  read  over  a  very  considerable  number  of 
articles  in  both  works  (the  trouble  of  comparing  them  has  been  greatly  diminished  by  the  exhibits  prepared  on 


PREFACE.  vii 

both  sides),  and  in  the  result,  the  examination  appears  to  me  to  show  that  Mr.  Bell,  in  the  compilation  of 
his  Gazetteer,  has  extensively,  and  as  far  as  my  examination  has  gone  it  would  not  be  too  much  to  say  habitually, 
made  use  of  all  that  suited  his  purpose  in  the  plaintiffs'  work.  It  is  evident  that  in  a  large  proportion  of  the 
defendant's  work  no  other  labour  has  been  employed  than  in  copying  the  plaintiffs'  work,  and  arranging  the  matter  in  a 
form  which  best  suited  the  purpose  of  the  compiler.  Mr.  Bell  evidently  did  not  think  himself  under  any  restraint, 
and  probably  did  not  think  that  the  plaintiffs  were  entitled  to  copyright ;  and  if  that  which  he  did  could  be  con- 
sidered as  lawfully  done,  it  is  plain  no  protection  whatever  could  be  given  to  any  work  in  the  nature  of  a  Gazet- 
teer, Dictionary,  Road  Book,  Calendar,  or  Map,  or  any  other  work  the  subject-matter  of  which  is  open  to  common 
observation  and  inquiry ;  and  every  man  who  had  bestowed  any  amount  of  labour  or  expense  in  collecting  and 
arranging  information  necessary  and  requisite  for  the  production  of  such  a  work,  might  immediately  on  its  publication 
be  deprived  of  the  fruit  of  his  industry  and  ability. 

Having  gone  carefully  through  all  the  articles  commented  on  in  the  argument,  and  several  others,  /  am 
of  opinion  the  defendant's  work  is  to  a  very  considerable  extent  a  piracy  of  the  plaintiffs'  copyright ;  to  what  extent,  it 
is  not  fully  or  accurately  ascertained ;  and  it  appears  to  me  there  are  parts  of  the  defendant's  work,  which,  as  a 
publication  of  this  nature,  may  justly  be  considered  as  original ;  certainly  there  are  parts  which  are  not  taken 
from  the  plaintiffs'  work,  and  as  to  which,  if  they  stood  alone,  the  plaintiffs  could  have  no  right  to  an  injunction ; 
and  under  these  circumstances,  the  difficulty  which  pressed  on  the  mind  of  Lord  Eldon,  in  the  case  of  Marvman 
v.  Tegg,  arises  in  the  present  case.  What  was  true  in  that  case  cannot  be  altogether  denied  in  the  present  case  ; 
that  notwithstanding  all  the  pains  which  have  been  used,  the  inquiry  as  to  how  much  has  been  pirated  has  left  us 
in  a  great  degree  to  conjecture,  or  rather  we  are  left  to  conclude,  from  passages  shown  to  have  been  copied  from 
the  original  work,  how  much  may  have  been  so  copied  ;  and  if  this  Court  is  to  say,  as  Lord  Eldon  appears 
to  have  intimated,  that  the  Court  ought  not  to  grant  an  injunction  against  the  whole  or  the  pirated  parts  of 
a  work  without  first  ascertaining,  either  by  its  own  inspection,  or  otherwise,  what  was  the  quantity  of  matter 
pirated,  then,  undoubtedly,  it  would  follow  an  injunction  ought  not  now  to  be  granted  ;  for  this  reason  only,  that 
though  a  considerable  part  of  the  work  appears  to  have  been  copied,  yet  as  the  two  have  not  been  compared  in 
every  part,  it  does  not  appear  on  the  whole  how  much  has  been  copied,  or  on  the  whole  what  parts  of  the  defend- 
ant's work  may,  with  regard  to  the  plaintiffs'  work  at  least,  be  considered  as  original.  In  the  case  I  have  men- 
tioned, Lord  Eldon  made  a  very  special  order.  I  cannot  help  entertaining  some  doubt  whether  that  order  could 
have  been  acted  on  with  advantage ;  the  parties,  however,  did  not  prosecute  it,  and  the  report  adds,  the  suit  was 
compromised  by  the  payment  of  a  considerable  sum  of  money  from  the  defendant  to  the  plaintiff.  I  conceive 
when  it  has  been  once  ascertained  that  the  defendant  has  in  any  degree  violated  the  right  of  the  plaintiff,  the 
nature  and  extent  of  the  order  to  be  made  must  depend  on  the  circumstances  of  the  case,  and  the  amount  and 
extent  of  the  evidence  adduced.  The  piracy  proved  may  be  so  inconsiderable,  and  so  little  likely  to  injure  the 
plaintiff,  that  the  Court  may  decline  to  interfere  at  all,  and  leave  the  plaintiff  to  his  remedy  at  law  :  or  the  piracy 
proved  may  be  so  extensive,  in  a  greater  or  less  degree,  as  to  leave  it  extremely  doubtful  whether  the  parts  not 
examined  are  in  any  degree  piratical,  or  to  make  it  more  or  less  probable  they  have  been  composed  in  the  same 
manner,  and  collected  from  the  like  sources,  as  the  parts  which  have  been  examined,  and  are  in  an  equal  degree 
liable  to  the  charge  of  piracy.  The  hardship  of  restraining  the  publication  of  the  whole  of  a  work,  when  part  of 
it  consists  of  original  matter,  has  always  been  urged  in,  cases  of  this  nature,  and  the  answer  which  is  given 
by  Lord  Eldon  in  the  case  to  which  1  have  referred,  seems  conclusive.  He  expresses  himself  thus  : — "  As  to  the 
hard  consequences  which  would  follow  from  granting  an  injunction  when  a  very  large  proportion  of  the  work  is 
unquestionably  original,  I  can  only  say,  that  if  the  parts  which  have  been  copied  cannot  be  separated  from  those 
which  are  original  without  destroying  the  use  and  value  of  the  original  matter,  he  who  has  made  an  improper  use 
of  that  which  did  not  belong  to  him  must  suffer  the  consequences  of  so  doing.  If  a  man  mixes  what  belongs  to 
him  with  what  belongs  to  me,  and  the  mixture  be  forbidden  by  the  law,  he  must  again  separate  them,  and  he  must 
bear  all  the  mischief  and  loss  which  the  separation  may  occasion.  If  an  individual  chooses,  in  any  work,  to  mix 
my  literary  matter  with  his  own,  he  must  be  restrained  from  publishing  the  literary  matter  which  belongs  to  me  ; 
and  if  the  parts  of  the  work  cannot  be  separated,  and  if  by  that  means  the  injunction  which  restrained  the  publi- 
cation of  my  literary  matter  prevents  also  the  publication  of  his  own  literary  matter,  he  has  only  himself  to 
blame."  It  must  be  observed,  also,  that  in  cases  of  this  nature  nothing  but  an  injunction  can  sufficiently 
or  effectually  protect  the  injured  party  ;  and  in  the  same  case  Lord  Eldon  observes,  "  that  though  keeping  an 
account  of  the  profits  may  prevent  the  defendant  from  deriving  any  profit,  as  he  may  be  ultimately  obliged  to 
account  to  the  plaintiff  for  all  his  gains,  yet  if  the  work  which  the  defendant  is  publishing  in  the  mean  time  really 
affects  the  sale  of  the  work  which  the  plaintiff  seeks  to  protect,  the  consequence  is  that  the  rendering  the  profits 


viii  PREFACE. 

of  the  former  work  to  the  complaining  party  may  not  be  a  satisfaction  to  him  for  what  he  might  have  been 
enabled  to  have  made  of  his  own  work,  if  it  had  been  the  only  one  published  ;  for  he  would  argue,  that  the  profits  of 
the  defendant,  as  compared  with  the  profits  which  he,  the  plaintiff,  has  been  improperly  prevented  from  making,  could 
only  be  in  the  proportion  of  the  price  of  a  copy  of  the  one  book  to  the  price  of  a  copy  of  the  other  ;"  and  on  the  whole, 
for  the  reasons  I  have  stated,  it  appears  to  me  that  an  injunction  ought  to  be  granted  whenever  it  appears  by  sufficient 
evidence  that  a  copyright  exists,  and  that  piracy  has  been  committed  to  an  extent  which  is  likely  to  be  seriously 
prejudicial  to  the  plaintiff";  and  that  the  extent  of  the  injunction  must  depend  on  the  amount  of  proof  and  the  nature  of 
the  proof. 

The  plaintiffs,  in  the  present  case,  ask  for  an  injunction  to  restrain  the  defendant  from  publishing  the  whole  or 
any  part  of  the  defendant's  Gazetteer.  As  it  appears  by  the  evidence  that  there  are  parts  of  the  defendant's 
Gazetteer  which  are  not  borrowed  from  the  plaintiffs'  work,  I  cannot  grant  an  injunction  on  those  terms,  and  it 
becomes  a  question  whether  an  injunction  should  be  granted  in  general  terms  against  such  parts  as  have  been 
pirated,  or  whether  means  should  be  taken  to  ascertain  what  particular  parts  have  been  pirated,  in  order  that  the 
publication  of  those  particular  parts  may  be  especially  restrained.  Now  it  appears  to  me,  not  that  it  must  be 
admitted  by  absolute  proof  and  demonstration,  for  the  two  works  have  not  been  compared  in  every  part,  but  upon 
the  proof  and  demonstration  of  what  has  been  examined,  and  as  to  the  rest  by  strong  inference  and  presumption, 
arising  from  the  proof  given  as  to  those  parts  to  which  it  applies,  and  from  the  nature  of  the  work  itself,  and  the 
circumstances  under  which  it  is  proved  to  be  composed,  that  if  the  parts  pirated  were  taken  away,  though  some 
articles  would  remain  in  them  entire,  yet  the  greater  number  would  remain  in  so  imperfect  and  incomplete  a  state 
that  the  defendant's  work  would  lose  its  distinctive  and  useful  character  as  a  Gazetteer.  If  the  defendant  were 
desirous  to  avail  himself,  as  he  has  an  undoubted  right  to  do,  of  any  original  matter  of  his  own,  or  any  matter 
which  he  has  fairly  taken  from  other  sources,  he  would,  I  think,  be  under  the  necessity  of  re-composing  his  work 
for  the  purpose  of  separating  that  which  appears  to  me  to  have  been  improperly  taken  from  the  plaintiffs'  work. 
Lord  Eldon  says,  with  reference  to  former  cases,  his  language  has  been,  that  there  must  be  an  injunction  against 
such  part  as  has  been  pirated  ;  but  in  that  case  the  part  of  the  work  which  was  affected  with  the  character  of 
piracy,  was  so  very  considerable,  that  if  it  were  taken  away  there  would  have  been  nothing  left  to  publish  except 
a  few  broken  sentences  ;  and  it  was  because  the  evidence  before  him  did  not  enable  him  to  ascertain  the  result, 
that  he  made  the  special  order  to  which  I  have  referred.  But  in  this  case,  having  availed  myself  of  the  evidence 
rvhich  has  been  so  industriously  collected  during  the  long  time  this  motion  was  pending,  and  having  read  with  great  care 
all  the  affidavits  laid  before  me,  and  more  particularly  the  affidavits  of  Mr.  Holliday  and  Mr.  Cunningham,  I  think  I 
have  reason  on  which  I  ought  judicially  to  act ;  for,  considering  that  the  parts  of  the  work  which  have  been 
examined  and  compared  afford  a  fair  indication  of  the  nature  and  character  of  those  parts  of  the  work  which  have 
not  yet  been  examined  and  compared  ;  and  it  appearing  to  me,  under  these  circumstances,  that  if  the  parts 
affected  with  the  character  of  piracy  were  taken  away,  there  would  be  left,  I  do  not  say  nothing  but  a  few  broken 
sentences,  but  an  imperfect  work,  which  could  not  to  any  useful  extent  serve  the  purposes  of  a  Gazetteer,  I  think 
I  ought  to  grant  an  injunction  to  restrain  the  publication  of  the  parts  which  are  pirated,  without  waiting  till  all 
the  parts  pirated  can  be  ascertained  ;  and  therefore  THE  ORDER  WHICH  i  SHALL  MAKE  WILL  BE,  THAT  THE  DE- 
FENDANT, HIS  AGENTS,  SERVANTS,  AND  WORKMEN,  BE  RESTRAINED  FROM  FURTHER  PRINTING,  PUBLISHING, 
SELLING,  OR  DISPOSING  OF  ANY  COPY  OR  COPIES  OF  A  BOOK  CALLED  "THE  NEW  AND  COMPREHENSIVE  GAZET- 
TEER, AND  SO  ON,"  CONTAINING  ANY  ARTICLE  OR  ARTICLES,  PASSAGE  OR  PASSAGES,  COPIED,  TAKEN,  OR  COLOUR- 
ABLY  ALTERED,  FROM  A  BOOK  CALLED  "  LEWIS'S  TOPOGRAPHICAL  DICTIONARY  OF  ENGLAND,"  PUBLISHED  BY 
THE  PLAINTIFFS. 


SUBSCRIBERS 


HER   MOST   GRACIOUS   MAJESTY  THE   QUEEN 


HER  MAJESTY  THE  QUEEN  DOWAGER 


HIS  MAJESTY  THE  KING  OF  HANOVER 

HER  MAJESTY  THE  QUEEN  OF  HANOVER 

HIS  IMPERIAL  MAJESTY  THE  EMPEROR  OF  ALL  THE  RUSSIAS 

HIS  IMPERIAL  MAJESTY  THE  EMPEROR  OF  AUSTRIA 


HIS  MAJESTY  THE  KING  OF  THE  BELGIANS 
HIS  MAJESTY  THE  KING  OF  SWEDEN  AND  NORWAY 
HIS  ROYAL  HIGHNESS  THE  LATE  DUKE  OF  SUSSEX 
HIS  ROYAL  HIGHNESS  THE  DUKE  OF  CAMBRIDGE 


HER  ROYAL  HIGHNESS  THE  DUCHESS  OF  KENT 


Abbot,  John  George,  Esq.,  Cranmer  Dykes'  House,  Gateshead 

Abbott,  Rev.  Christopher,  M.A.,  Kelloe,  Durham 

Aberdein,  Robert  Henry,  Esq.,  Honiton 

ABOYNE,  The  Right  Honourable  the  Earl  of 

ACHESON,  The  Right  Honourable  Lord  Viscount 

Ackroyd,  Robert  S.,  Esq.,  Field  House,  Horton,  Bradford 

Ackroyd,  William,  Esq.,  Birkenshaw,  Leeds 

Ackroyd,  William,  Esq.,  Westborn  Lodge,  Otley 

Ackroyd,  William,  Esq.,  Horsforth,  Leeds 

Acland,  Sir  P.  P.  F.  P.,  Bart.,  Fairfield,  Bridg-water,  Somerset 

Acworth,  Rev.  Jas.,  M.A.,  President  of  Horton  College,  Bradford 

Adair,  Alexander,  Esq.,  Heatherton  Park,  Wellington,  Somerset 

Adams,  H.  C.,  Esq.,  Magdalene  College,  Oxford 

Adams,  Rev.  Richard,  Edingthorpe  Rectory,  near  North  Walsham 

Adamsou,  Rev.  Edward  Hussey,  M.A.,  Windy-Nook,  Gateshead 

Adamson,  John,  Esq.,  Rye,  Sussex 

Addison,  George  Wilson,  Esq.,  Hall  Field,  Bowling,  Bradford 

Addison,  Rev.  J.  Aspinall,  B.A.,  Vicar  of  Mitton,  Yorkshire 

Addison,  Rev.  Thomas,  B.A.,  Vicar  of  Rillington-cum-Scampston, 

Adolphus,  J.,  Esq.,  Harcourt  Buildings,  Temple,  London  [Malton 

Agar,  John,  Esq.,  Brockfield  Park,  York 

Ainger,  Rev.  T.,  Hampstead,  Middlesex 

Airey,  Henry  Cookson,  Esq.,  Kingthorpe  House,  Pickering 

Aked,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Shipley  Grange,  Bradford 

Akenhead,  Rev.  David,  B.A.,  Bishop- W'earmouth 

Akroyd  and  Son,  Messrs.  James,  Halifax 

Alcock,  William  N.,  Esq.,  Gisburne  Park,  Skipton 

Alexander,  Vice-Admiral,  K.C.B.,  Fareham,  Hants 

Aldam,  William,  Esq.,  M.P.,  Warmsworth,  Doncaster 

Alderson,  Rev.  Christ.,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Kirkheaton,  Huddersfield 

Alderson,  Rev.  Jonathan,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Harthill,  Yorkshire 

Alderson,  Rev.  W.,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Aston,  Sheffield 

Aldred,  John,  Esq.,  Wellgate  House,  Rotherham 

Allatt  &  Haxby,  Messrs.,  Solicitors,  Ossett,  Wakefield 

Allbutt,  Rev.  Thomas,  M.A.  Vicar  of  Dewsbury,  Craven 

Allcroft,  Rev.  W.  R.,  Whitgift,  Goole 

Allen,  Rev.  George,  Incumbent  of  Great  &  Little  Driffield 

Allen,  Rev.  S.,  Rector  of  Wolterton-cum- Wichmere,  near  Aylsham 

Allen,  William,  Esq.,  The  Lodge,  Malton,  Yorkshire     [umberland 

Allgood,  Rev.  James,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Felton  &  Framlington,  North- 

Allhusen,  Christian,  Esq.,  Elswick  House,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Allin,  W.,  Esq.,  Arundel,  Sussex 

VOL,  I. 


Ambler,  Henry,  Esq.,  Moorside,  Ovenden,  Halifax 

Ames,  John,  Esq.,  Green-street,  London,  and  Pinney  House,  Devon 

Amies,  John,  Esq.,  Frettenham,  near  Coltishall 

Amoore,  William,  Esq.,  Hastings,  Sussex 

Anderson,  David,  Esq.,  River  Head,  Driffield 

Anderson,  George,  Esq.,  Wingrove  House,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Anderson,  George,  Esq.,  Banker,  Kirkaldy 

Anderson,  Henry,  Esq.,  Westoe,  South  Shields 

Anderson,  James,  Esq.,  Rose  Hill,  Wallsend 

Anderson,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Benwell  Tower,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Anderson,  Rev.  J.  S.  M.,  Brighton 

Anderson,  Matthew,  Esq.,  Jesmond  Cottage,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Anderson,  Robert,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Westoe,  South  Shields 

Anderton,  George,  Esq.,  Cleckheaton,  Leeds 

Anderton,  James,  Esq.,  Mount  Villa,  York 
Andrew,  Rev.  John,  B.A.,  Incumbent  of  Worsborough,  Barnsley 
Andrew,  Rev.  W.  W.,  Vicar  of  Ketteringham,  near  Norwich 
Andrews,  Edward,  Esq.,  Titchfield,  Hants 
Andrews,  William,  Esq.,  Architect,  Bradford 
Angerstein,  John,  Esq.,  Weeting  Hall,  Norfolk 
Ansley,  Gilbert,  Esq.,  Houghton  Hill,  Huntingdon 
Anstis,  Bernard,  Esq.,  Liskeard,  Cornwall 

Anthony,  P.  L.,  jun.,  Esq.,  Alphington  Cottage,  Ottery-St.  Mary 
Archbold,  James,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Archer,  John,  Esq.,  Castle  Eaton,  Fairford,  Gloucestershire 
Arkless,  Benj.,  Esq.,  Tantobie,  Gateshead 
Arkwright,  Charles,  Esq.,  Dunstall,  Burton  on  Trent 
Arkwright,  Rev.  Joseph,  Mark  Hall,  Harlow,  Essex 
Armitage,  Richard,  Esq.,  Johnson's  Buildings,  Huddersfield 
Armstrong,  Rev.  Chas.Edw.,  B.D.,  Master  of  Hemsworth  Hospital, 
Armstrong,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Wallsend  [Pontefract 

Armstrong,  William,  jun.,  Esq.,  Wingate  Grange,    Castle-Eden, 
Armstrong,  William,  Esq.,  Minories,  Jesmond  [Durham 

Armstrong,  W.  Esq.,  Treasurer  to  the  Corporation  of  Newcastle 
Armytage,  Sir  George,  Bart.,  Kirklees  Park,  Dewsbury 
Armytage,  Lieut.-Col.  H.,  Hyde  Park-street,  London 
Arundell,  The  Honourable  Arthur,  Springfield,  near  Horsham 
Arundell,  W.  A.,  Esq.,  Lifton  Park,  Devon 
Ashbarry,  Josh.,  Esq.,  Holme  Lacy  Cottage,  Hereford 
Ashburnham,  Rev.  D.,  Rector  of  Catsfield,  near  Battle 
Ashburnham,  Rev.  J.,  B.D.,  Guestling,  near  Hastings 
Ashburnham,  Sir  William,  Bart.,  Broomham,  Hastings 


SUBSCRIBERS. 


Ashwortb,  Messrs.  D.  &  G.,  Callis  Mill,  near  Halifax 
Askew,  Lieut.-Gen.  Sir  Henry,  Pallinsburn,  Colclstream,  N.  Britain 
Askew,  Rich.  Croston,  Esq.,  Tynemouth,  Northumberland 
Astley,  Francis L'Estrange,  Esq.,  Burgh  Hall,  EastDereham,  Norfolk 
Astley,  Sir  John  Dugdale,  Bart.,  Everleigh  House,  Wilts 
Astley,  T.  J.,  Esq.,  Melton  Constable,  Dereham,  Norfolk 
Astley,  W.  B.,  Esq.,  Wellington  Lodge,  Ryde,  Isle  of  Wight 
Aston,  John,  Esq.,  Hereford 
Atherley,  A.,  Esq.,  Arundel,  Sussex 
Atkins,  Rev. Henry,  Vicar  of  Arreton,  Isle  of  Wight 
Atkins,  Henry,  Esq.,  Maddington,  Devizes 
Atkinson,  Adam,  Esq.,  Lorbottle  House,  Alnwick 
Atkinson,  Anthony,  Esq.,  Deputy  Registrar,  Beverley,  Yorkshire 
Atkinson,  Christopher,  Esq.,  Ewart,  Wooler  [Tyne 

Atkinson,  Geo.  Clayton,  Esq.,  Tyne  Iron  Office,  Newcastle-upon- 
Atkinson,  Rev.  John  Breeks,  M.A.,  West  Cowes 
Atkinson,  John,  Esq.,  Austhorpe  Lodge,  Leeds 
Atkinson,  Josh.  Robt.,  Esq.,  Elmwood  House,  Leeds    [upon-Tyne 
Atkinson,  Robt.  Thos.,  Esq.,  Seaton-Delaval  Colliery,  Newcastle- 
Atkinson,  Rev.  Thos.,  B.A.,  Incumbent  of  Liversedge,  Leeds 
Atkinson,  Rev.  William,  B.A.,  Rector  of  Gateshend-Fell 
Atkinson,  Wm.  Simpson,  Esq.,  Barrowby  Hall,  Leeds 
Atmore,  R.,  Esq.,  East  Harling 
Aubrey,  H.  P.  T.,  Esq.,  Broom  Hall,  Oswestry 
Austen,  Vice-Admiral  Sir  Francis,  K.C.B.,  Portsdown  Lodge 
Austin,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Headingley,  Leeds 
Ayre,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Surgeon,  Barnsley 
Ay  ton,  John  Featherstone,  Esq.,  Fawcett  Street,  Sunderland 
Ayton,  Henry  Isaac,  Esq.,  Seaton-Burn,  Colliery,  Newcastle-upon- 
Ayton,  Robinson,  Esq.,  Swathling  Cottage,  Southampton      [Tyne 
Ayton,  William,  Esq.,  Sandhill,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Ayton,  Rev.  Wm.  Alex.,  B.A.,  Brompton,  Scarborough 
Babb,  George,  Esq.,  Town  Clerk  of  Great  Grimsby 
Backhouse,  John  Church,  Esq.,  Beechwood,  Darlington 
Bacon,  Sir  Edmund,  Bart.   Raveningham  Hall,  near  Beccles 
Bacon,  George,  Esq.,  Nottingham 

Bacon,  Rev.  Robert,  LL.D.,  Incumbent  of  Fring,  near  Rougham 
Badcock,  Robert,  Esq.,  Wilton,  Taunton 
Badger,  Benjamin,  Esq.,  Masbrough  Cottage,  Rotherham 
Badger,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Rotherham 
Bagge,  Edwaid,  Esq.,  Islington,  Lynn,  Norfolk 
Bagge,  Richard,  Esq.,  do.         do. 

Bapge,  William,  Esq.,  M.P.,  StradsettHall,  near  Downham  Market 
BAGOT,  The  Right  Honourable  Lord 
Bailey,  Charles,  Esq.,  Kirk-Leatham,  Guisborough 
Baillie,  Rev.  J.  Farmer,  M.A.,  Great  Rissington,  Gloucestershire 
Bainbridge,  Rev.  Francis,  B.A.,  Grammar-school,  Rothbury 
Bainbridge,  John,  Esq.,  Moor  Park,  Harrogate 
Bainton,  John,  Esq.,  Foston  Mills,  Driffield 
Bainton,  J.  B.,  Esq.,  Beverley 

Bairstow,  Messrs.  John  &  James,  Hebden- Bridge,  Yorkshire 
Bairstow,  Matthew,  Esq.,  Knott,  Keighley 
Bairstow,  Samuel,  Esq.,  Green  Hill,  Cross  Hills,  Skipton 
Bairstow,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Royd  Hill,  Sutton,  Keighley 
Bairstow,  Messrs.  William  &  John,  Keighley 
Baker,  Rev.  Francis,  Wylye,  Wilts 
Baker,  George,  Esq.,  Dringhouses,  York 

Baker,  John,  jun.,  Esq.,  Cowslip  Lodge,  Wrington,  near  Bristol 
Baker,  Richard,  Esq.,  Midhurst,  Sussex 
Baldock,  Rev.  R.,  M.A.,  Langtoft,  Driffield 

Baldock,  William,  Esq.,  Freshfield  Cottage,  Millbrook,  Southampton 
Baldrey,  Robert,  Esq.,  The  Square,  Halifax 
Baldwin,  Henry,  Esq.,  The  Square,    do. 
Baldwin,  John,  Esq.,  Carlton  Place,  do. 
Banks,  George,  Esq.,  St.  Catherine's,  Doncaster 
Banks,  John,  Esq.,  Holt,  Norfolk 
Banning,  Rev.B.,  Vicarage,  Wellington,  Salop 
Barber,  Gilbert,  Esq.,  Winchester 

Barber,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Bierley,  Bradford 
Barber,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Brighouse,  Halifax 
Baring,  Rev.  Frederick,  B.C.L.,  Itchen  Stoke,  Alresford 
Baring,  Sir  Thomas,  Bart.,  Stratton  Park,  Hants 
Barker,  James  Lamb,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  North  Shields,  Northumber- 
Barker,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Vine  Grove,  Halifax  [land 

Barker,  Rev.  William,  M.A.,  Vicarage,  Broad  Clyst,  near  Exeter 
Barkus,  William,  Jun.,  Esq.,  Belle  Vue,  Gateshead 
Barkwortli,  W.  H.,  Esq.,  Cams  Cottage,  Hambledon,  Hants 
Barlow,  G.  F.,  Esq.,  Bryarcstone-square,  London 
Barlow,  Rev.  Peter,  B.A.,  Cockfield,  Darlington 
Barlow,  William,  Esq.,  Holybourne,  Alton,  Hants 
Barnes,  Rev.  Joseph,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Berwick-upon-Tweed 
Barnes,  Orlando,  Esq.,  Beeston,  Norwich 
Barnes,  Richard,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Barnard-Castle 


Barnes,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Whitburn,  Sunderland 

Barnes,  Thomas  Addison,  Esq.,  Westoe,  South  Shields 

Baron,  George,  Esq.,  Drewton,  South  Cave,  Yorkshire 

Barrett,  Charles,  Esq.,  Sedgefield,  Rusheyford,  Durham 

Barston,  Charles,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Halifax 

Bartlelot,  George,  Esq.,  Stopham  House,  near  Petworth,  Sussex 

Bartleman,  Alexander,  Esq.,  Tynemouth 

Bartlett,  Rev.  John,  Marnwood,  near  Coalbrook  Dale,  Salop 

Barton,  Rev.  John  Luke,  M.A.,  Hermitage,  Hambledon,  Hants 

Baiton,  Nathaniel,  Esq.,  Corsley  House,  near  Frome 

Barwell,  N.,  Esq.,  Ashfold,  near  Crawley,  Sussex 

Barwick,  Richard,  Esq.,  Low  Hall,  Yeadon,  Leeds 

Bass,  Isaac,  Esq.,  Brighton 

Basset,  John,  Esq.,  M.P.,  Tehidy,  Cornwall 

Basset,  Lady,  Tehidy,  Cornwall 

Bassett,  Rev.  H.,  Glentworth  Vicarage,  nearSpittal,  Lincolnshire 

Bates,  Ely,  Esq.,  West  Hill,  Halifax 

Bates,  J.  M.,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Bates,  Jno.  Moore,  Esq.,  Mount  Pleasant,  Heddon-on-the-Wall 

Bath,  H.  Pyle,  Esq.,  Colestocks,  Feniton,  Devon 

Bathurst,  Sir  F.  H.,  Bart.,  Clarendon  Park,  Wilts 

Bathurst,  Rev.  W.  H.,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Barwick-in-Elmet,  Leeds 

Batten,  John,  Esq.,  Penzance,  Cornwall 

Batten,  John,  Esq.,  Yeovil,  Somerset 

Battersby,  Rev.  W.,  M.A.,  Parsonage,  Heckmondwike 

Battley,  Rev.  Charles  B.,  M.A.,  Whitkirk,  Leeds 

Battye  &  Firth,  Messrs.,  Solicitors,  Birstall 

Battye,  Wm.  Walker,  Esq.,  Thorp  Villa,  Almondbury,  Huddersfield 

Bayfield,  Rev.  B.,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Ripponden,  Halifax 

Bayldon,  Rev.  J.,  M.A.,  Thwing,  Bridlington 

Bayley,  Thomas,  Esq.,  The  Black  Birches,  near  Shrewsbury 

Bayley,  William,  Esq.,  Hastings,  Sussex 

Baynes,  Mrs.  General,  Woolbrook,  Sidmouth,  Devon 

Bayton,  Rev.  W.  Stevens,  Rector  of  Ford,  near  Arundel 

Beach,  William,  Esq.,  Oakley  Hall,  Basingstoke 

Beadon,  Edwards,  Esq.,  Highlands,  Taunton 

Beadon,  Rev.  F.,  M.A.,  Rector  of  North  Stoneham,  Hants 

Beard,  Steyning,  Esq.,  Ovingdean,  near  Brighton 

Beatson,  William,  Esq.,  Masbrough,  Rotherham 

Beauchamp,  Rev.  Thomas,  Rector  of  Buckenham  Ferry,  Norfolk 

Beaumont,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Mold  Green,  Huddersfield 

Beaumont,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Laura  Place,  Bradford 

Beaumont,  Thomas  Mills,  Esq.,  Knaresborough 

Beaver,  Rev.  H.  N.,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Gringley-on-the-Hill,  Bawtry 

Beck,  Peter,  Esq.,  Halifax 

Beckett,  Christopher,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Meanwood  Hall,  Leeds 

Beckett,  John  Staniforth,  Esq.,  Barnsley 

Beckett,  William,  Esq.,  M.P.,  Kirkstall  Grange,  Leeds 

Beckett,  Rev.  Wilson,  B.A.,  Vicar  of  Heighington,  Darlington 

Beckingsale,  William  Jeffries,  Esq.,  Newport,  Isle  of  Wight 

Beckwith,  Rev.  Henry,  Eaton  Constantine,  Shrewsbury 

Beckwith,  Rev.T.  F.,  B.D.,  Vicarage,  East  Retford,  Notts 

Beckwith,  William,  Eeq.,  Thearne  Cottage,  Beverley 

Beddome,  John  Reynolds,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Romsey,  Hants 

Bedinfeld,  J.  L.,  Esq.,  Ditchingham  Hall,  Bungay 

Bedlington,  George,  Esq.,  Ovinjjham,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Beebee,  Rev.  Meyrick,  M.A.,Simonburn  Rectory,  Hexham 

Beeby,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Clifton,  Biggleswade 

Beechey,  W.  Nelson,  Esq.,  Barge-yard,  London 

Beed,  Rev.  J.  B.,  Vicar  of  Felpham,  near  Bognor 

Belk,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Town  Clerk  of  Hartlepool 

Bell,  Lieut.-Col.  C.  Hamilton,  Auchtertool  House,  Fifeshire 

Bell,  Eirington,  Esq.,  Ogle  Terrace,  South  Shields 

Bell,  G.  M.,  Esq.,  Claremont  Place,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Bell,  Rev.  H.  Edward,  B.A.,  Vicar  of  Long-Houghton,  Alnwick 

Bell,  John  Thomas  Witham,  Esq.,  C.E.,  Castle-Eden,  Durham 

Bell,  Richard  H.,  Esq.,  J.  P.  Lawe,  South  Shields 

Bell,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Picton  Place,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Bell,  William,  Esq.,  Ford  House,  Sunderland 

Bellhouse,  Rev.  W.  Cocker,  B.A.,  Grammar  School,  Tadcaster 

Bellingham,  John,  Esq.,  Rye,  Sussex 

Bellman,  Rev.  Edmund,  Hainford,  near  Norwich 

Bellwood,  Rev.  William,  Incumbent  of  Sinnington,  Pickering 

Benbow,  John  Henry,  Esq.,  Stone  Buildings,  Lincoln's  Inn,  London 

Bennett,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Surgeon,  Wakefield 

Bennett,  Joseph  B.  H.,  Esq.,  Tutbury,  Burton  on  Trent 

Bennett,  William,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Harrogate,  Yorkshire 

Bennett,  Rev.  W.  C.,  Vicar  of  Corsham,  Wilts 

Benning,  Henry,  Esq.,  Barnard-Castle,  Durham 

Benson,  Rev.  H.  B.,  M.A.,  Utterby  House,  Louth          [Yorkshire 

Benson,  Rev.   Isaac,   Incumbent  of  Acklam  and  Middlesbrough, 

Benson,  Rev.  John,  Norton-sub- Hambden,  near  Yeovil 

Bentinck,  the  Hon.  &  Rev.  W.  H.  E.,  Rector  of  Sigglesthorne,  Hull 


SUBSCRIBERS, 


Bentley,  Greenwood,  Esq.,  Bradford 

Bentley,  Henry,  Esq.,  Oulton,  Leeds 

Beresford,  Colonel,  Repion  Hayes,  Burton  on  Trent 

Bernard,  Rev.  William,  Rector  of  Clatworthy,  near  Wivelisoombe 

BERNERS,  The  Right  Honourable  and  Rev.  Lord 

Berry,  Grove,  Esq.,  Surgeon,  Ilarrogate 

Bertram,  Charles,  Esq.,  J.  P.  Gateshead,  Durham 

Berwick,  Alexander,  Esq.,  J.  P.  Norton,  Ratho,  Edinburgh 

Best,  Rev.  Francis,  M.A.,  Rector  of  South  Dalton,  Beverley 

Bethell,  Richard,  Esq.,  J.  P.,  Rise,  Kingston-upon-Hull 

Bethune,  R,ev.  G.  M.,  LL.D.,  Worth  Rectory,  near  Crawley,  Sussex 

Belts,  Rev/ James,  Ellingham  Rectory,  near  Bungay 

Bevan,  Rev.  Frederick,  Carleton  Rode,  near  Attleburgh 

Bevan,  John  W.,  Esq.,  Redruth,  Cornwall 

Bevan,  William,  Esq.,  Old  Jewry,  London 

Beverley,  William,  Esq.,  Preston  Place,  Leeds 

Bewicke,  Mrs.  Margaret,  Close  House,  Northumberland 

Bewsher,  Rev.  F.  W.,  M.A.,  Killingworth,  Newcastle-on-Tyne 

Bewsher,  Rev.  James,  Lapley,  near  Wrolverhampton 

Bickford,  Mr.  J.  T.,  Camborne,  Cornwall 

Biddulph,  A.  G.  Wright,  Esq.,  Burton  Park,  near  Petworth 

Bidwill,  Joseph  G.,  Esq.,  Felix  Hill  House,  Exeter 

Biedermann,  Rev.  G.  A.,  Rector  of  Dantsey,  Wilts 

Bigge,  Charles  William,  Esq.,  J.  P.,  Linden,  Morpeth 

Bigge,  Rev.  John  F.,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Ovingham,  Newcastle- 

Bigland,  John,  Esq.,  Bramham,  Tadcaster  [upon-Tyne 

Bignold  &  Mawe,  Messrs.,  Norwich 

Bilham,  Robert,  Esq.,  Stow  Bedon  Hall,  near  Watton 

Billington,  William,  Esq.,  Civil  Engineer,  Wakefield,  Yorkshire 

Bilton,  Edward,  Esq.,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Bingham,  Mrs.,  Harptree  Court,  Old  Down,  Somerset 

Birch,  Rev.  Charles,  Rector  of  Sawtrey-All  Saints,  near  Stilton 

Birch,  Wyrley,  Esq.,  Wretham  Hall,  near  Thetford 

Birkbeck,  John,  jun.,  Esq.,  Settle,  Yorkshire 

Birkbeck,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Stackhouse,  Settle 

Birkett,  Rev.  Robert,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Kelloe,  Durham 

Birt,  John,  Esq.,  Mounton,  near  Chepstow 

Bishop,  Rev.  Alfred,  M.A.,  Tichborne,  Alresford,  Hants 

Bishop,  Henry,  Esq.,  Hastings,  Sussex 

Bisshopp,  Sir  Cecil  A.,  Bart.,  Merton  Coll.,  Oxford 

Bissland,  Rev.  Thomas,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Hartley-Maudytt,  Alton 

Black,  William,  jun.,  Esq.,  Caister  St.  Edmund's,  near  Norwich 

Blackburn,  Henry  Webster,  Esq.,  Prospect  House,  Bradford 

Blackburn,  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Leeds 

Blackett,  Sir  Edward,  Bart.,  Matfen,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne   [Tyne 

Blackett,  Rev.  John  Alexander,  M.A.,  Heddon,  Newcastle-upon- 

Blackwell,  Rev.  Christopher,  M. A.,  Vicarage,  Seamer,  Scarborough 

Blagrave,  Anthony,  Esq.,  Harptree  Court,  Old  Down,  Somerset 

Blake,  Rev.  E.,  Brameiton,  Norwich 

Blake,  Silas  Wood,  Esq.,  Venne  House,  Upton,  near  Wiveliscombe 

Blake,  William,  Esq.,  Catsey,  Trull,  near  Taunton 

Blake,  William,  Esq.,  Manor  House,  Rilston,  Skipton 

Blakemore,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Newport,  Sak>p 

Blaker,  John,  jun.,  Esq.,  Southover,  Lewes 

Bland,  John,  Esq.,  South  Villa,  Rotherham,  Yorkshire 

Blane,  Rev.  Henry,  M.A.,  Bishop- Wearmouth,  Durham 

Blanshard,  W.,  Esq.,  M.A.,  Barrister-at-Law,  St.  Leonard's  Place, 

Blayds,  John,  Esq.,  Oulton  House,  Sheffield  [York 

Blencowe,  Rev.  James,  Sidmouth,  Devon 

Blencowe,  R.  W.,  Esq.,  The  Hooke,  near  Chailey,  Lewea 

Blennerhassett,  Rev.  John,  Rectory,  Ryme,  Sherborne 

Blofeld,  Rev.  T.  Calthorpe,  Hoveton  House,  Norwich 

Blommant,  Lieut.-Gen.,  Willett  House,  near  Taunton 

Bloome,  Matt.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Leeds,  Yorkshire 

Blount,  Sir  Edward,  Bart.,  Mawley,  Bewdley 

Bloxam,  Robert,  Esq.,  Newport,  Isle  of  Wight" 

Blunt,  Edward  Walter,  Esq.,  Kempshott  Park,  Basingstoke 

Blunt,  Gen.  R.,  K.C.B.,  Shirley,  Southampton 

Blyth,  Rev.  C.  Deltick,  Rector  of  Sutton,  Bedfordshire 

Blyth,  Rev.  Geo.  Blanshard,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  North  Newbald,  Mar- 

Blyth,  H.  E.,  Esq.,  Sussex  Farm,  Burnham  [ket-Weighton 

Boghurst,  P.,  Esq.,  Worthing,  Sussex 

Bolitho,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Chyandour,  Penzance 

Bond,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Romansleigh,  Devon  . 

Bond,  Rev.  Robert,  The  Lawn,  Briston,  near  Holt 

Bonnett,  Rev.  C.  S.,  Avington,  Winchester 

Boor,  J.,  Esq.,  Warminster,  Wilts 

Booth,  James,  Esq.,  Ing  House,  Liversedge,  Leeds 

Booth,  John,  Esq.,  Crouch  Hall,  Hornsey 

Booth,  Joseph  Wilkinson,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Wakefield  • 

Booth,  Richard,  Esq.,  Basing  House,  Basingstoke 

Booth,  Rev.  Robert,  Rodmell  Rectory,  near  Lewes 

Booth,  Samuel  Lister,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Bramley  and  Leeds 


Booth,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Park  Iron-Works,  near  Sheffield 

Boothby,  Rev.  Henry,  B.A.,  Kirby-Misperton,  Malton 

Borough,  Burton,  Esq.,  Chetwynd  Park,  Newport,  Salop 

Borrer,  W.,  Esq.,  Barrow  Hill,  Henfield,  near  Steyning 

Borthwiok,  John,  Esq.,  West  Newton,  Wooler 

Bosanquet,  Charles,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Rock,  Alnwiok 

Bosville,  A.W.,  Esq.,  J.P.,Thorpe  Hall,  Bridlington 

Botfield,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Hopton  Court,  Cleobury  Mortimer 

Bottomley,  Moses,  Esq.,  Wade  House,  Shelf,  Halifax 

Boucher,  Rev.  James,  M.A.,  Lesbury,  Alnwick 

Boughey,  Sir  Thomas,  Bart.,  Aqualate,  Staffordshire 

Boult,  William,  Esq.,  Moulton  Hall,  near  Acle    '  [Honiton 

Bouike,  Thos.,Esq,,  Worcester  Coll.,  Oxford, and  Sidbury  Vicarage, 

Bourne,  The  Right  Honourable  J.  Sturges,  M.P. 

Bourne,  R.  H.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Staindrop,  Durham 

Boustead,  Rev.  James,  M.A.,  Stockton-on-Tees 

Boutland,  Wm.,  Esq.,  Bill  Quay,  Gateshead,  Durham 

Bouverie,  Rev.  W.  Arundell,  Rectory,  Denton,  Harleston 

Bowen,  Rev.  Charles,  B.A.,  Lecturer  of  Armley,  Leeds 

Bower,  Abraham,  Esq.,  Middlethorpe  Hall,  York 

Bower,  John,  Esq.,  Belle  Vue  Place,  Bradford 

Bower,  Rev.  J.  W.,  B.A.,  Rector  of  Barmston,  Bridlington 

Bower,  Robert,  Esq.,  Welham,  Malton 

Bower,  T.  B.,  Esq.,  Iwerne  House,  Blandford,  Dorset 

Bowerman,  Richard,  Esq.,  Uffculme,  near  Wellington,  Somerset 

Bowles,  Rev.  C.  B.,  Woking,  Surrey 

Bowles,  H.,  Esq,,  Worthing,  Sussex 

Bowly,  Devereux,  Esq.,  Chesterton  House,  Cirencester 

Bowman,  James,  Esq.,  Union  Bank,  Huddersfield  [ford 

Bowman,  Rev.  John,  M.  A..,  Incumbent  of  St.  Paul's,  Wibsey,  Brad- 

Bowne,  Robert,  Esq.,  Castle  House,  Winchester 

Bowness,  Rev.  George,  M.A.t  Rector  of  Rokeby,  Barnard-Castle 

Bowyer,  J.,  Esq.,  Petworth,  Sussex 

Boyes,  James,  Esq.,  Beverley 

Boyle,  Rev.  J.,  S.  C.  L.,  Incumbent  of  Brighouse,  Halifax 

Boylcs,  Rev.  C.  Gower,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Buriton 

Boys,  William,  Esq.,  Bridgwater 

Brace,  Vice-Adm.  Sir  Edward,  K.C.B.,  Catisfield  Lodge,  Fareham 

Bracewell,  Christopher,  Esq.,  Earby,  Skipton 

Brackenbury,  Bennet,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Gainsborough 

Braddon,  William,  Esq.,  Skisdon  Lodge,  Wadebridge,  Cornwall 

Bradford,  Rev.  John,  Newton  Abbott,  Devon 

Bradford,  Rev.  W.,  Rector  of  Storrington,  Sussex 

Bradley,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Alnwiek,  Northumberland 

Brady,  Henry,  Esq.,  Gateshead 

Brameld,  Rev.  G.  W.,  Louth,  Lincolnshire 

Bramley,  Lawrence,  Esq.,  Halifax 

Bramley,  Richard,  Esq.,  Campfield  House,  Leeds 

Bramwell,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Field  House,  Gateshead 

Brandling,  C,  J.,  Esq.,  Dep.-Lieut.,  Middleton  Lodpe,  Leeds 

Brandling,  Rev.  R.  H.,  M.A-,  &  J.P.,  Seaton-Burn  Hall,  Newcastle 

Brandling,  Robt.  W.,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Low-Gosforth, Northumberland 

Brandreth,  Rev.  W.  Harper,  M.A.,  Standish,  Lancashire 

Bray,  Rev.  William,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Hartley- Wintney,  Hants 

Brayshaw,  Rev.  Timothy,  M.A.,  Grammar  School,  Keighley 

Brazier,  Henry,  Esq.,  Rye,  Sussex 

Breckon,  Robert,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Whitby 

Breeds,  Messrs.  Thomas  &  C,o,,  Hastings 

Brereton,  Rev.  C.  D.,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Little  Massingham 

Brereton,  John,  Esq.,  Brinton,  East  Dereham 

Brereton,  Rev.  Dr.  John,  Head  Masterof  Grammar  School,  Bedford 

Brereton,  Robert  John,  Esq.,  Blakeney,  Norfolk 

Brereton,  R«v.  Shovell,  Briningham^  Holt,  ditto 

Brereton,  Rev.  Thomas  W.,  Vicar  of  Framsden,  near  Debenham 

Breton,  John  Frederick,  Esq.,  Lyndhurst,  Hants 

Breton,  Peter,  Esq.,  Southampton 

Breton,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Bexhill,  near  St.  Leonard's 

Brett,  Charles,  Esq.,  Exbury  House,  Fawley,  Hants 

Brewin,  Rev.  George,  Scrayihgham,  York 

Brewster,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Greatham,  Stockton-upon-Tees 

Brewster,  Rev.  R.  F.,  M.A.,  Killingworth,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Bridge,  Richard,  Esq.,  North  Curry,  near  Taunton 

Bridge,  Sealy,  Esq.,  South  Petherton,  Somerset 

Bridge,  S.  F.,  Esq.,  Wellington,  do. 

Bridger,  Charles,  Esq.,  Winchester 

Bridger,  H.  C.,  Esq.,  Buckingham  House,  near  Shoreham 

Bridges,  Francis  S.,  Esq.,  Horton  Hall,  Bradford 

Bridges,  Rev.  Nathaniel,  Henstridge,  near  Shaftsbury 

Bridgman,  Edward,  Esq.,  Qonej-.\Xe$ton  Hall,  near  Thetford 

BRlDPORT,  The  JRigh^Honourable  Lord 

Brigg,  William,  Esq.,  Cross  Hills,  Skipton,  Yorkshire 

Briggs,  Rev.  Fran.  B.,  Vicar  of  St.  Stephen's  by  Saltash,  Cornwall 

Briggs,  Nathaniel,  Esq.,  Ashfield  Place,  Bradford 

a2 


Xll 


SUBSCRIBERS. 


Briggs,  Rawdon,  Esq.,  South  Parade,  Wakefield 

Briggs,  Rawdon,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Birstwith  Hall,  Ripley 

Brigham,  William,  Esq.,  Lair  Gate,  Beverley,  Yorkshire 

Briscoe,  Musgrave,  Esq.,  Coghurst,  near  Hastings 

Bristow,  Robert,  Esq.,  Broxmore  Park,  Wilts 

Bristowe,  Samuel  Ellis,  Esq.,  Basthorpe  Hall,  near  Newark 

Broadbent,  James,  Esq.,  Acre  House,  Lindley, Huddersfield 

Broadbent,  Samuel,  Esq.,  Bradford,  Yorkshire 

Broadwood,  Rev.  John,  Bedford  House,  Worthing 

Brock,  Thomas  Clutton,  Esq.,  Pensax  Court,  Worcester 

Brockett,  William  Edward,  Esq.,  Bensham  Lodge,  Gateshead 

Brockett,  Wm.  Henry,  Esq.,  J.P.,  King  James  Street,  do. 

Brockman,  Rev.  Tatton,  Vicar  of  Rottingdean,  near  Brighton 

Brodie,  B.  B.,  Esq.,  49,  Lincoln's  Inn  Fields,  London 

Bromehead,  Rev.  A.  C.,  M.A.,  Rectory  House,  Eckington,  Ches- 

Bromet,  John,  Esq.,  The  Grange,  Tadcaster,  Yorkshire        [ terfield 

Brook,  Charles,  Esq.,  Healey  House,  Huddersfield 

Brook,  Mrs'.  Jonas,  West  House,  Mirfield,  Dewsbury 

Brook,  Joseph,  Esq.,  J.P.,Greenhead,  Huddersfield 

Brook  &  Freeman,  Messrs.,  Solicitors,  do. 

Brook,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Badsworth,  Pontefract 

Brook,  William  Leigh,  Esq.,  Meltham  Hall,  Huddersfield 

Brooke,  John,  Esq.,  Armitage  Bridge,  do. 

Brooke,  John,  Esq.,  Berry  Hall,  Old  Walsingham 

Brooks,  Wm.  Alex.,  Esq.,  C.E.,  Guildhall,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Brothers,  Rev.  James,  Wissett,  near  Halesworth 

Broughton,  William,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Bawtry 

Brown,  Alexander,  Esq.,  Beilby  Grange,  Wetherby 

Brown,  Rev.  Dr.,  Downside  College,  Midsomer  Norton,  Old  Down 

Brown,  Rev.  Edward,  M.A.,  Leeds,  Yorkshire 

Brown,  Francis,  Esq.,  Welbourn,  Grantham 

Brown,  Isaac,  Esq.,  Cowpen  Lodge,  Blyth,  Northumberland 

Brown,  James,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Hare  Hills  Grove,  Leeds 

Brown,  Rev.  James  Humphrey,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Dalton-le-Dale, 

Brown,  Rev.  Js.  L.,  B.A.,  Incumbent  of  Holbeck,  Leeds  [Durham 

Brown,  John,  Esq.,  Clerk  to  the  Justices,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Brown,  John,  Esq.,  Seaton-Delaval,  North  Shields 

Brown,  J.,  Esq.,  M.D.,  &  J.  P.,  Bishop- Wearmouth,  Sunderland 

Brown,  Robert,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Sunderland 

Brown,  Robert,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Barton-upon-Humber 

Brown,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Skipton 

Brown,  Rev.  Thomas  James,  M.A.,  Portsmouth 

Brown,  William,  Esq.,  Manor  House,  Winterborne-Stoke,  Devizes 

Brown,  Rev.  William,  B.A.,  Wark,  Hexham 

Brown,  W.  Williams,  Esq.,  J-.P.,  Allerton  Hall,  Chapel-Allerton 

Brown,  Rev.  Wilse,  M.A.,  Egglestone,  Barnard-Castle 

Browne,  Rev.  C.  H.,  Rector  of  Bio-Norton,  near  East  Harling 

Browne,  Rev.  J.  Geoffrey,  A.B.,  Rector  of  Kiddington,  Woodstock 

Browne,  J.  T.  G.,  Esq.,  Morley  House,  near  Wymondham 

Browne,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Thrigby  Hall,  near  Yarmouth 

Browne,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Amble  House,  Alnwick 

Browne,  Rev.  Thomas  Briailey,  B.A.,  Wortley,  Leeds 

Browne,  Rev.  Thomas  Cooper,  M.A.,  DarnalfHall,  Sheffield 

Browne,  W.  J.  Utten,  Esq.,  The  Lodge,  Bramerton,  near  Norwich 

Browne.  William  W.,  Esq.,  Jarrow,  South  Shields 

BROWNLOW,  The  Right  Honourable  the  Earl 

Brownrigg,  Rev.  Thomas,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Boston,  Wetherby 

Bruce,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Parham  Lodge,  near  Wroodbridge 

Brumell,  H.  &  G.,  Messrs.,  Solicitors,  Morpeth,  Northumberland 

Brunton,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Town  Clerk,  Sunderland 

Rruton,  Lieut. -Col.,  Croford,  Wiveliscombe,  Somerset 

Buckingham,  The  Ven.  Archd.  of,  Shanklin  Parsonage,  Isle  of  Wight 

Buckland,  C.E.,  Esq.,  Shaftesbury 

Buckle,  John,  Esq.,  Wyelands,  Chepstow,  Monmouthshire 

Buckle,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Lord  Mayor  of  York,  1842-3 

Buckley,  John,  Esq.,  Redgefoot,  Todmorden 

Bucknell,  George,  Esq.,  Crowcombe,  near  Taunton 

Bucknell,  Robert,  Esq.,  Hulse,  near  Milverton,  Somerset 

Buckner,  Rev.  C.J*Perpet.  Curate  of  Mid-Lavant,  near  Chichester 

Bull,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Coppice  Green,  near  Shiffnall,  Salop 

Bulmer,  George,  Esq.,  Duncan  Street,  Leeds,  Yorkshire 

Bulwer,  Rev.  Edward,  Sail  Rectory,  near  Reepham 

Bulwer,  Rev.  James,  Aylsham,  Norfolk 

Bulwer,  W.  E.  L.,  Esq.,  Heydon  Hall,  Reepham 

Bunkill,  Charles,  Esq.,  Wintringham,  Brigg,  Lincolnshire 

Bunney,  William,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Kingston-upon-Hull 

Bunting,  Jabez,  jun.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Leeds 

Burder,  William,  E&q.,  Brineton  Villa,  Shiffnall 

Burdis,  Edward  Forster,  Esq.,  North  of  England  Bank,  Sunderland 

Burdon,  George,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Heddon  House,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Burfield,  James,  Esq.,  Hastings 

Burgh,  Henry,  Esq.,  Bittern  Lodge,  Southampton 

Burkitt,  John,  Esq.,  Selby,  Yorkshire 


Burne,  T.  H.,  Esq.,  Loynton  Hall,  near  Newport,  Salop 
Burnett,  Charles  M.,  Esq.,  Alton,  Hants 

Burnett,  George,  jun.,  Esq.,  Lead  Works,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Burnett,  Thomas  Hayton,  Esq.,  Windmill  Hill,  Gateshead 
Burney,  Rev.  Henry,  Wheatley  Rectory,  near  Frome,  Somerset 
Burningham,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Froyle,  Hants 
Burrell,  Bryan,  Esq.,  Bolton,  Alnwick 

Burrell,   Sir  Charles  Merrik,  Bart.,  M.P.,  Knepp  Castle,  Shipley 
Burrell,  Henry  Peareth,  Esq.,  Little  Hougkton,  Alnwick 
Burrell,  John,  Esq.,  Iron  Founder,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Burrell,  John,  Esq.,  Wakefield,  Yorkshire 
Burridge,  Rev.  William,  Bradford,  Somerset 
Burrington,  Rev.  Gilbert,  Rector  of  Woodleigh,  Devon 
Burroughes,  H.  N.,  Esq.,  M.P.,  Burlingham  Hall,  Norwich 
Burroughes,  Rev.  Jeremiah,  Lingwood  Lodge,  Norwich 
Burrow,  Thomas  Dixon,  Esq.,  Settle,  Yorkshire 
Burt,  Rev.  Alexander,  Manse  of  Arngask,  Kinross 
Burt,  Rev.  J.T.,  Perpet.  Curate  of  Seething,  Norwich 
Burt,  Thomas  R.,  Esq.,  East  Grinsted 
Burton,  Alfred,  Esq.,  St.  Leonard's  on  Sea,  Sussex 
Burton,  Lancelot  Archer,  Esq.,  Woodlands,  Emsworth,  Hants 
Burtsal,  N.,  Esq.,  Bungay,  Suffolk 
Bury,  Charles,  Esq.,  Liphook,  Hants 
Bury,  Robert,  Esq.,  Welches,  Bentley,  do. 
Busfeild,  Rev.  Harcourt,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Coley,  Halifax 
Busfeild,  Johnson  Atkinson,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Bradford 
Busfeild,  Rev.  J.  A.,  D.D.,  Rector  of  St.  Michael's,  Wood  Street, 
\    [London,  and  Cailton  Vicarage,  Skiptom 
Busfeild,  Rev.  William,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Keighley 
Busfeild,  William,  Esq.,  M.P.,  Upwood,  Bingley,  Yorkshire 
Bush,  Elijah,  Esq.,  Tiowbridge,  Wilts 
Buston,  Roger,  Esq.,  of  Buston,  Alnwick 
Butcher,  Robert,  Esq.,  The  Grove,  Bungay 
Buthon,  Peter,  Esq.,  Millbrook,  Southampton 
Butler.Rev.C.R.,  M.A.,  Catherington,  Hants 
Butler,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Kirkstall,  Leeds,  Yorkshire 
Butler,   Rev.  William  James,  B.D.,  Westbourne,  Sussex 
Butterfield,  Brothers,  Messrs.,  Keighley 
Butterton,  Rev.  George  Ash,  B.D.,  Uppingham 
Buttery,  John,  Esq.,  Nottingham 

Buxton,  Sir  John  Jacob,  Bart.,  Schadwell  Park,  near  Thetford 
Buxton,  Sir  T.  Fowell,  Bart.,  North  Repps,  near  Aylsham 
Byron,  James  Standish,  Esq.,  J.P.,  West  Ayton,  Scarborough 
Caffin,  Rev.  George  B.,  B.A.,  Brimpton,  Berks 
Caiger,  Capt.  Herbert,  R.N.,  Otterbourne,  Winchester 
Calder,  Adam,  Esq.,  Shatter,  Kelso,  N.  Britain 
Caldwell,  H.  B.,  Esq.,  Hilborow  Hall,  near  Brandon 
Caley,  VVilliam,  Esq.,  Saltwell  House,  Gateshead 
Callander,  John  Alexander,  Esq.,  Springfield  House,  Ryde 
CALTHORPE,  The  Right  Honourable  Lord 
Calthrop,  John,  Esq.,  Stanhoe  Hall,  near  Rougham 
Calver,  Daniel,  Esq.,  Kenninghall,  near  East  Harling 
Camm,  Alfred,  Esq.,  Well  Holme,  Brighouse,  York 
Campbell,  Rev.  Colin,  M.A.,  Sunderland,  Durham 
Campbell,  Rev.  Charles,  Weasenham,  near  Rougham 
Campion,  Edward,  Esq.,  Hexham,  Northumberland 
Campion,  Francis,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Thome,  Yorkshire 
Cane,  Rev.  T.  C.,  Brackenhurst,  Southwell,  Notts 
Cann,  Rev.  J.  S.,  Wramplingham  Hall,  near  Wymondham 
Cann,  W.  R.,  Esq.,  Casick  House,  Wymondham 
CANTILUPE,  The  Right  Honourable  Lord 

Capel,  Arthur,  Esq.,  Bulland  Lodge,  near  Wiveliscombe,  Somerset 
Capes,  Thomas  Hawksley,  Esq.,  Reedness,  Goole  ;  and  Howden 
Cargill,  John,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Eldon  Square,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Cariss,  Benjamin,  Esq.,  Osmondthorpe  Cottage,  Leeds 
Carne,  Edward  Cliften,  Esq.,  Falmouth,  Cornwall 
Carnegie,  Rev.  J.,  Seaford,  Sussex 
Carpenter,  George,  Esq.,  Rye,  do. 

Carr,  Rev.  Charles,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Burnby,  Pocklington 
Carr,  Charles,  Esq.,  Seghill,  Earsdon,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Carr,  Rev.  Cuthbert.B.A.,  Tynemouth,  Northumberland 
Carr,  C.  &  W.,  Messrs.,  Solicitors,  Gomersal,  Leeds 
Carr,  Rev.  Henry  B.,  M.A.,  Alnwick 

Carr,  John,  Esq.,  Hedgeley  House,  Whittingham,  near  Alnwick 
Carr,  John,  Esq.,  Bondgate  Hall,  Alnwick 
Carr,  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Skipton,  Yorkshire 
Carr,  John  Thomas,  Esq.,  Russian  Consul,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Carr,  Rev.  John,  Alnham  Vicarage,  Alnwick 
Carr,  John,  Esq.,  Rosewarth,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Carr,  Ralph,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Dunston  Hill,  Gateshead 
Carr,  Richard,  Esq.,  Stackhouse,  Settle 
Carr,  Robert,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Wakefield 
Carr,  Rev.  W.,  B.D.,  Incumbent  of  Bolton-Abbey,  Yorkshire 


SUBSCRIBERS. 


Xlll 


Carr,  William,  Esq.,  Cross  House,  Wath-upon-Dearne,  Rotherham 

Carr,  William  Ridley,  Esq.,  Scotswood,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Carrick  &  Lee,  Messrs.,  Solicitors,  Bramptou,  Cumberland 

Carrick,  Robert,  Esq.,  Croft  House,  Haltwhistle 

Carron  Company,  Canon,  by  Joseph  Danson,  Esq. 

Carruthers,  W.  T.,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Arthingtou  Hall,  Otley 

Carter,  Charles  T.,  Esq.,  Newgate  Street,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Carter,  Rev.  John,  D.D.,  Head  Master  of  Gram.  School,  Wakefield 

Carter,  John,  Esq.,  Knottingley,  Ferrybridge 

Carter,  John  Thomas,  Esq.,  Hunstanton,  near  Lynn 

Carter,  Rev.  R.  Foster,  B.A.,  Rector  of  Rowner,  Gosport,  Hants 

Carter,  Rev.  T.  T.,  Piddle  Hinton,  Dorchester,  Dorset 

Carter,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Howden 

Carter,  Rev.  W.,  B.A.,  Incumbent  of  Old  and  New  Malton 

Carter,  William,  Esq.,  Howden 

Carter,  William  Edward,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Pontefract 

CARTERET,  The  Right  Honourable  Lord 

Cartwright,  Henry,  Esq.,  Hill  Hall,  near  Eccleshall,  Staffordshire 

Case,  William,  Esq.,  Fareham,  Hants 

Cash,  Newman,  Esq.,  Scarcroft  Lodge,  Leeds 

Cass,  William  Eden,  Esq.,  Goole 

Cassels,  Rev.  Andrew,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Batley,  Dewsbury 

Cassidi,  Rev.  Wm.,  B.A.,  Vicar  of  Grindon,  Stockton-upon-Tees 

Casson,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Hatfield  Hall,  Wakefield 

Castell,  Rev.  William,  Vicar  of  Brooke,  near  Norwich 

Cater,  William,  Esq.,  Wraxham  Hall,  near  Stalham 

Cator,  Rev.  Charles,  M. A.,  Rectory,  Stokesley 

Catt,  William,  Esq.,  Bishopstone,  nearNewhaven 

Cautley,  Rev.  W.  G.,  Earsham  Rectory,  near  Bungay 

CAVAN,  The  Right  Honouiable  the  Earl  of 

Cavendish,  The  Hon.  Richard,  Belgrave  Square,  London 

Chadwick,  Charles,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Park  Row,  Leeds 

Challen,  S.  H.,  Esq.,  Shermanbury  Park,  Henfield, near  Steyning 

Chamberlain,  Richard  Dineley,  Esq.,  Skipton 

Chamberlaine,  Rev.  George  Thomas,  Rector  of  Almsford,  Somerset 

Chamberlayne,  J.  Chamberlayne,  Esq.,  Mangersbury  House 

Chamberlayne,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Cranbury  Park,  Winchester 

Chambers,  John,  Esq.,  Belle  Mont,  Chapeltown,  Sheffield 

Chambers,  Thomas  W.,  Esq.,  Chinton,  near  Seaford,  Sussex 

Champney,  Thomas  Frederick,  Esq.,  Beverley,  Yorkshire 

Chance,  James  T.,  Spring  Grove,  Monument  Lane,  Birmingham 

Chandler,  Rev.  George,  M.A.,  Treeton,  Rotherham,  Yorkshire 

Chandler,  The  Very  Rev.  G.,  D.D.,  Dean  of  Chichester 

Chapman,  John,  Esq.,  Stakesby,  Whitby 

Chapman,  John  Mellar,  Esq.,  Usworth  Place,  Gateshead 

Chapman,  Major-Gen.  Sir  Stephen,  C.B.,  K.C.B.,  Fail-field  House 

Chapman,  Robert  Stiles,  Esq.,  Little  Langford  House,  Wily 

Chapman,  Rev.  W.  S.,  B.A.,  Romsey,  Hants 

Chapman,  William  Thomas,  Esq.,  Biggleswade 

Charleton,  John,  Esq.,  Sunderland 

Charleton,  Robert,  Esq.,  Lee  Hall,  Hexham 

Charleton,  Watson,  Esq.,  High  Farm,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Charlton,  Anthony,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Morpeth 

Charlton,  E.,  Esq.,  M.D.,  3,  Eldon  Square,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Charlton,  Philip,  Esq.,  Wytherford  Hall,  near  Shrewsbury 

Charlton,  St.  John  C.,  Esq.,  Aspley  Castle,  Wellington,  Salop 

Charlton,  Thomas  B.,  Esq.,  Chelwell  Hall,  Nottingham 

Charnock,  John,  Esq.,  The  Avenue,  Woodhouse,  Leeds 

Chaston,  James,  Esq.,  Brandish  Lodge,  Framlingham 

Chatfield,  Rev.  A.  W.,  Vicar  of  Stotfold,  Baldock 

Chaytor,  M.H.,  Esq.,  Union  Bank,  Sunderland 

Cheadle,  Rev.  James,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Bingley,  Yorkshire 

Cheales,  Rev.  Henry,  M.A.,  Harbridge,  Fordingbridge,  Hants 

Cheere,  W.  H.,  Esq.,  Papworth  Hall,  near  Caxton,  Cambridgeshire 

Cheney,  R.  H.  Esq.,  Badger  Hall,  Shiffnall,  Salop 

Chetham,  Capt.  Sir  Edward,  K.C.H.,  C.B.,  Haslar  Hospital 

Chevallier,  Rev.  John,  M.D.,  Aspall  Hall,  near  Debenham 

CHICHESTER,  The  Right  Honourable  the  Earl  of 

CHICHESTER,  The  Right  Rev.  the  late  Lord  Bishop  of 

Childe,  William  Lacon,  Esq.,  Kinlet  Hall,  Salop 

Childs,  Rev.  John  Glynn,  St.  Blazey,  Cornwall 

Chitty,  P.  M.,  Esq.,  Shaftesbury,  Dorset 

Cholmley,  Col.,  Howsham,  Whitwell,  Yorkshire 

Chrystie,  Captain  Thomas,  R.N.,  Hope  Street,  Edinburgh 

Clanny,  W'illiam  Reid,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Sunderland 

Clapham,  Samuel  Blakey,  Esq.,  Aireworth,  Keighley 

Clapham,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Potter-Newton,  Leeds 

Clapp,  Rev.  Charles  John,  Rector  of  Coulston,  near  Devizes,  Wilts 

Claridge,  Henry,  Esq.,  The  Mount,  York 

Clark,  Rev.  George,  M. A.,  Alton,  Hants 

Clark,  George,  Esq.,  Barnby  Moor,  East  Retford 

Clark,  Mr.  George,  Horsham,  Sussex 

Clark,  John,  Esq.,  Architect,  Leeds 


Clark,  Rev.  John,  Incumbent  of  Hunslet  in  Leeds,  and  Domestic 

[Chaplain  to  Lord  Howden 

Clark,  Rev.  John  Dixon,  M.A.,  &  J.P.,BelfordHall,  Northumber- 
Clark,  John  Graves,  Esq.,  Masboro'  Hall,  Rotherham  [land 

Clarke,  Abraham,  Esq.,  Holt,  near  Minehead 
Clarke,  Rev.  Henry,  M. A.,  Incumbent  of  Guisborough 
Claike,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Manor  House,  Kippax,  Pontefract 
Clarke,  Robert  C.,  Esq.,  Noblethorpe,  Barnsley 
Clarke,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Chard,  Somerset 
Clarke,  Rev.  Thomas,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Mitcheldever,  Hants 
Clarkson,  Henry,  Esq.,  Wakefield,  Yorkshire 
Clarkson,  Rev.  Thomas  Bayley,  M.A.,  Badsworth,  Pontefract 
Clavering,  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Clay,  John,  Esq.,  Laygate  House,  South  Shields 
Clay,  Joseph  Travis,  Esq.,  Rastrick,  Huddersfield 
Clay,  Patrick,  Esq.,  Mayor  of  Berwick-upon-Tweed,  1843 
Claydon,  C.  T.,  Esq.,  Bawburgh,  near  Norwich 
Clayton,  Rev.  J.  Henry,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Farnborough,  Hants 
Clayton,  Thos.  Greenwood,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Bierley  Hall,  Bradford 
Clayton,  Wm.,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Langcliffe  Place,  Settle,  Yorkshire 
Cleather,  Rev.  G.  P.,  Chirton,  Devizes,  Wilts 
Clements,  W.  B.,  Esq.,  Wadebridge,  Cornwall 
Clennell,  Thos.,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Harbottle  Castle,  Rothbury 
CLEVELAND,  His  Grace  the  Duke  of 
CLIFFORD,  The  Right  Honourable  Lord 
Clifton,  Robert,  Esq.,  Brandon,  Suffolk 
Close,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Nottingham 
Clough,  John,  Esq.,  Bootham,  Yorkshire 
Clough,  The  Misses,  Feltwell,  near  Brandon 
Clubbe,  C.  Esq.,  Framlingham 

Clutterbuck,  Rev.  Henry,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Kempstone,  Bedford 
Clutterbuck,  John,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Warkworth,  Alnwick 
Clutton,  Messrs.  Robert  &  John,  Whitehall  Place 
Coates,  James,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Wetherby 

Coates,  Peter  Eaton,  Esq.,  Stanton  Court,  Stanton-Drew,  Somerset 
Cockell,  Charles,  Esq.,  Attleburgh 

Cockerton,  Rev.  David,  B.A.,  East  Bullington  House,  Hants 
Cockerton,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Dronfield,  Sheffield 
Cogan,  Rev.  T.  W.,  Rector  of  All  Saints,  Chichester 
Colbeck,  Harrison,  Esq.,  Leamington  House,  Newcastle 
Colbeck,  James,  Esq.,  Whorlton  Hall,  do. 

Colby,  Rev.  Samuel,  Rector  of  Little  Ellingham,  near  Attleborough 
Coldham,  H.  W.,  Esq.,  Anmer  Park,  near  Lynn 
Coldham,  Rev.  J.,  Vicar  of  Snettisham,  do. 
Cole,  Robert,  Esq.,  Holybourn  Lodge,  Alton,  Hants 
Cole,  William,  Esq.,  Newhaven,  Sussex 
Coleman,  Henry  John,  Esq.,  Town  Clerk  of  Pontefract 
Coleridge,  Francis  George,  Esq.,  Ottery-St.  Mary,  Devon 
Coleridge,  Rev.  James  Duke,  LL.D.  Vicar  of  Thovorton,  do. 
Colfox,  Wm.,  Esq.,  Rax  House,  Bradpole,  near  Bridport       [Tyne 
Collingwood,  Edw.,  Esq.,  J.P.,  DissingtonHall,  Newcastle-upon- 
Collingwood,  Edw.  John,  Esq.,High  Sheriff,  1844,  Lilburn Tower 
Collingwood,  Fred.  John  Woodley,  Esq.,  Glanton  Pyke,  Alnwick 
Collins,  Rev.  Caleb,  Rector  of  Stedham,  near  Midhurst 
Collins,  Rev.  Oliver  Levey,  M.A.,  Parsonage,  Ossett,  Wakefield 
Collinson,  Rev.  H.  King,  M.A.,  Stockton-on-Tees 
Collinson,  Rev.  Rich.,  B.A.,  Usworth  Parsonage,  Gateshead 
Collis,  Lieut.-Col.,  Upcott  House,  Taunton 
Collyer,  Rev.  J.  B.,  Hackford  Hall,  near  Reepham 
Colpoys,  Rev.  J.  A.  G.,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Droxford,  Alton 
Colston,  Rev.  William,  A.M.,  Broughton  Hall,  Lechlade 
Colt,  Capt.  W.  O.,  Rownham  House,  Southampton 
Commerell,  J.  W.,  Esq.,  Strood  Park,  Slinfold,  near  Horsham 
Commons,  The  Library  of  the  House  of,  by  T.  Vardon,  Esq. 
Compton,  H.  C.,  Esq.,  M.P.,  Manor  House,  Lyndhurst 
Compton,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Sompting-Abbots,  near  Worthing 
Comyns,  Rev.  John,  Wood  House,  Bishops  Teignton,  Devon 
Condell,  Wm.,  Esq.,  Surgeon  to  the  Duke  of  Devonshire,  Baslow 
Constable,  Thos.,  Esq.,  Manor  House,  Otley,  Yorkshire 
Conyers,  Edmund  Dade,  Esq.,  Coroner,  Driffield 
Conyngham,  Rev.  John,  Weston  Rectory,  near  Norwich 
Coode,  Edward,  Esq.,  St.  Austell,  Cornwall 
Cook,  Mr.  George,  Itteringham,  near  Aylsham 
Cook,  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Scarborough,  Yorkshire 
Cook,  Thos.  Linsley,  Esq.,  Wincomblee,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Cook,  William,  jun.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Pocklington 
Cooke,  Rev.  Alexander,  M.A.,  Loversal,  Doncaster 
Cooke,  Charles  H.,  Esq.,  Benwell  Grove,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Cooke,  Rev.  Stephen,  Vicar  of  Oulton,  Knapton  Hall,  Norfolk 
Cooke,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Newclose,  Newport,  Isle  of  Wight 
Cooke,  Rev.  Thomas,  Vicarage,  Westbury,  Wilts 
Cookesley,  Rev.  H.  P.,  Bungay 
Cookson,  Daniel,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 


XIV 


SUBSCRIBERS. 


Cookson,  Rev.  Edward,  M.A.,  Incumbent , of  St.  Mary's,  Leeds 

Cookson,  Rev.  Francis  Thomas,  M.A.,  St.  John's  Parsonage,  Leeds 

Cookson,  Isaac  Thos.,  Esq.,  Newbiggin  House,  Newcastle-upon- 

Cookson,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Swinburne  Castle,  Hexham  [Tyne 

Cookson,  William,  Esq.,  Bill  Quay,  Gateshead 

Coombe,  Charles,  Esq.,  Holmes,  Broomfield,  Somerset 

Coombs,  Mr.  John,  Bratton,  Westbury,  Wilts 

Coope,  Rev.  W.  J.,  Rector  of  Falmouth,  Summerland,  Cornwall 

Cooper,  Rev.  Aug.,  Syleham  Hall,  near  Harleston 

Cooper,  Rev.  C.  B.,  Morley  R,ectory,  near  Wymondham 

Cooper,  Rev.  George  Miles,  Vicar  of  Wilmington,  near  Lewes 

Cooper,  Rev.  Henry,  Vicar  of  Rye,  Sussex 

Cooper,  John,  Esq.,  North  Cove  Hall,  near  Beccles 

Cooper,  Mrs.,  Lympstone,  Devon 

Cooper,  James  Alfred,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Bradford,  Yorkshire 

•Cooper,  John  M.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Sunderland,  Durham 

Cooper,  Samuel,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Sheffield 

Cooper,  Rev.  William,  B.D.,  Rector  of  West  Rasen,  Lincolnshire 

Copeland,  William,  Esq.,  Barnard-Castle,  Durham 

Copeman,  Robert,  Esq.   Hemsley,  near  Yarmouth 

Coppard,  Thomas,  Esq.,Horsham,  Sussex 

Corbould,  Rev.  William,  Tacolneston  Rectory,  Wymondham 

Corby,  Robert,  Esq.,  Witlingham,  near  Norwich 

Corless,  Rev.^Geo.  Jos.  Augustine,  D.D.,Thropton  Hall,  Rothbury 

Cornish,  Rev.  Sidney  W.,  D.D,.,  Ottery  St.  Mary,  Devon 

Cory,  Samuel,  S.,  Esq.,  Allingten,  Bridport,  Dorset 

Cosway,  Rev.  S.,  M.A.,  Chute  Vicarage,  Wilts 

Cotes,  John,  Esq.,  Woodcote,  Shiffnall,  Salop 

Cotterell,  Sir  John  E.,  Bart.,  Garnons,  Hereford 

Cotlle,  Rev.  James,  B.A.,  Incumbent  of  St.  James,  Taunton 

Cotton,  Benjamin,  Esq.,  Afton  House,  Freshwater,  Yarmouth 

Coulson,  John,  Esq.,  Scagglethorpe,  Malton  [whistle 

Coulson,  John  Blenkinsopp,  Esq.,  J.  P.,  Blenkinsopp-Hall,  Halt- 

Coulthard,  James  Battin,  Esq.,  Binstead  Hill,  Bentworth,  Alton 

Courtney,  Rev.  S.,  Vicar  of  Charles  the  Martyr,  Plymouth 

Coutts,  John,  Esq.,  Wallsend,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Cove,  Rev.  Edward,  B.A.,  Rector  of  Thoresway,  near  Caistor 

Covey,  Rev.  Charles,  Alderton  Rectory,  Cheltenham 

Cowan,  James,  Esq.,  LL.D.,  Grange,  Bishop- Wearmouth 

Coward,  Chas.  Leach,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Masbrough,  Rotherham 

Cowburn,  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Settle,  Yorkshire  [Tyne 

Cowen,  Messrs.  Joseph  &  Co.,  Blaydon-Burn,   N/ewcastle-upon- 

Cowthorpe,  Rev.  W.,  Reetor  of  Westmeston  cum  Chillington,  Sussex 

Cox,  Rev.  James,  D.D.,  Hoxne,  near  Eye,  Suffolk 

Cox,  Rev.  James  B.,  Hatch  Beauchamp,  Taunton 

Cox,  Rev.  John  Edmund,  Aldeby,  near  Beecles 

Cox  &;  Co.,  Messrs.,  Army  Agents,  Craig's  Court,  London 

Cox,  William  Trevelyan,  Esq.,  Chedington  Court,  Dorset 

Coxe,  Rev.  Rich.  Chas.,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Coxwell,  Geo.  S.,  Esq.,  St.  James,  do. 

Craig,  Rev.  Edward,  Burton  Latimer,  Kettering 

CRAVEN,  The  Right  Honourable  the  Earl  of 

Craven,  John,  Esq.,  Low  Mill,  Keighley,  Yorkshire 

Craven,  Wm.,  Esq.,  Cold  Spring  House,  Cullingworth,  Bradford 

Craven,  William,,Esq.,  Clapton  Lodge,  Halifax 

Crawford,  Gibbs,  Esq.,  Paxhill  Park,  Lindfield,  near  Cuckfield 

Crawhall,  Geo.,  Esq.,  New  House,  Stanhope,  Durham 

Crawhall,  Joseph,  Esq.,  St.  Ann's  House,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Crawhall,  Wm.,  Esq.,  Stagshaw  Close  House,  Corbridge 

Crea,  Henry,  Esq.,  Whittingham,  Alnwick 

Cresswell,  Rev.  H.,  A.B.,  Vicarage,  Creech  St.  Michael,  Taunton 

Creswell,  John  Bowden,  Esq.,  New  Court,  Topsham,  Devon 

CREWE,  The  Right  Honourable  Lord 

Creyke,  Ralph,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Rawcliffe  Hall,  Selby 

Creyke,  Rev.  Stephen,  M.A.,  Wigginton  Rectory,  York 

Cripps,  J.  M.  Esq.,  Novington,  near  Lewes 

Crofts,  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Bradford 

Crosse,  William,  Esq.,  One  House  Hall,  near  Stowmarket 

Grassland,  Thomas  P.,  Esq.,  Crossland  Moor,  Huddersfield 

Crossley,  John,  Esq.,  J.P.,  ScaitclifFe,  Todmorden 

Crow,  George,  Esq.,  Ornhams,  Boi.oughbr.idge 

Crowe,  Mr.  William,  Ashmanhaugh  House,  near  Coltishajl 

Crowther,  George,  Esq.,  Churwell  Lane,  Leeds 

Crowther,  Isaac,  Esq.,  Croft  House,  Morley,  do. 

Crowther,  Rev.  James,  Vicar  of  Kingsbury-Episcopi,  Somersetshire 

Crowthpr,  W.,  Esq.,  St.  John's,  Erringden,  Halifax 

Cruickshank,  Robert,  Esq.,  Anglesey  Villa,  near  Alyeretoke,  Ha,nts 

Cubitt,  Capt.  Henry,  Catton,  near  Norwich 

Culley,  Matthew,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Fowberry  Tower,  Wooler 

Cunningham,  Rev.  Rob.,  M.A.,  Polmont  House,  Falkirk       [York 

Currer,   Rev.  Danson  Richardson,  M.A.  &  J.P.,  Clifton  House, 

Curteis,  Rev.  Jeremiah,  Shelton  Rectory,  near  Long  Stratton 

Curtis,  H.  Porter,  Esq.,  Romsey,  Hants 


Curtis,  William,  Esq.,  AHon,  Hants 

Curzon,  The  Hon.  and  Rev.  F.  E.,  Mickleover,  Derby 

Daintry,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Shidfield  Parsonage,  Fareham 

Dallas,  Rev.  Alexander,  R.C.,  Rector  of  Wonston,  Whitchurci 

Dallin,  Rev.  R.,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Rudston,  Bridlington 

Dalziel,  William,  Esq.,  Long  Horsley,  Moi-peth 

Daman,  Stead,  &  Tylee,  Messrs.,  Romsey,  Hants 

Danby,  Rev.  Samuel,  M.A.,  Malton,  Yorkshire 

Dance,  Col.  Sir  Charles  Webb,  Barr  House,  Bishop's  Hall,  Tauntoa 

Dand,  James,  jun.,  Esq.,  TogstonHall,  Alnwick,  Northumberland 

Dand,  Robert,  Esq.,  Field  House,  Alnwick 

Daniel,  Knights  Francis,  Esq.,  Stockesby  Cottage,  near  Acle 

Daniel,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Stoodleigh  Court,  Bampton 

Dare,  Charles  Holcomb,  Esq.,  North  Curry,  Taunton 

Darley,  Alfred  Horatio,  Esq.,  Elvington  Hall,  York 

Darley,  Charles,  Esq.,  Thome,  Yorkshire 

Darley,  Charles  Albert,  Esq.,  Burtonfield,  York 

Darley,  Henry  Brewster,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Aldby  Park,  do. 

Darling,  George,  Esq.,,  Helton  House,  Wooler 

Daubeny,  Rev.  Giles,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Lydiard  Tregoz,  Swindon 

Daubeny,  Colonel,  K.H.,  Manse  Road  Hill,  near  Frome,  Somerset 

Daubuz,  J.  B.,  Esq.,  Offington  House,  near  Worthing 

Davenport,  Rev.  E.  Sharington,  Davenport  House,  Wolverhampton 

Davenport,  E.  D.,  Esq.,  Capesthorne,  Congleton 

Davey,  Stephen,  Esq.,  D.L.,  Redruth,  Cornwall 

Davey,  William,  Esq.,  do.  do,. 

Davids,  John,  Esq.,  West  Cowes,  Isle  of  Wight 

Davidson,  Robert,  Esq.,  Revelrig,  Currie,  Edinburgh 

Davies,  Albert,  Esq.,  Rushall  Cottage,  Pewsey,  Wilts 

Davies,  Rev.  Charles  Greenall,  M.A..,  Trinity  Church,  Wakefield 

Davies,  Rev.  David,  ]V(.A.,  Rector  of  Cliddesdon  cum  Farleigh 

Davies,  J.  E.,  Esq.,  Holt,  Bradford,  Wilts 

Davies,  Rev.  Thomas,  Bayton,  near  Bewdley 

Davis,  Rev.  John,  Ashwick,  Old  Down,  Somerset 

Davis,  Robert,  Esq.,  Mayor  of  Gateshead 

Davison,  John,  Esq.,  Brandon  White-house,  Whittingham 

Davison,  Robert  Aiskell,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Sunderland 

Davison.,  William,  Esq.,  Monk-Seaton,  North  Shields 

Davison,  William,  Esq.,  Rothbury 

Davy,  Capt.  John,  R.N.,  Mount  Amelia,  Ingoldisthorpe,  near  Lyna 

Dawe,  Hill,  Esq.,  Ditcheat,  near  Castle-Cary,  Somerset 

Dawkins,  Colonel  Henry,  Over  Norton  House,  Oxon 

Dawson,  Christopher,  Esq.,  Brandon,  Alnwick 

Dawson,  C.  H.,  Esq.,  Royds  Hall,  Bradford 

Dawson,  Rev.  Henry,  Hopton  Rectory,  near  East  Harling 

Dawson,  Robert,  Esq.,  Westoe,  South  Shields 

Dawson,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Poundsworth,  Driffield 

Dawson,  William,  Esq.,  Eldon  Square,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Day,  Charles,  Esq.,  West  Cowes,  Isle  of  Wight 

Day,  Rev.  Edmund,  B.D.,  Incumbent  of  Norton,  Malton 

Day,  Rev.  Henry  Thomas,  LL.D.,  Mendlesham  Vicarage 

Day,  Richard,  Esq.,  Bexhill,  near  St.  Leonard's 

Day,  Rev.  Richard,  Blyford,  Halesworth 

Dayman,,  Henry,  Esq.,  Millbrook,  Southampton 

Dayrell,  Rev.  R.  W.,  Monk-Hopton,  Bridgenorth 

Deacle,  Rev.  Hicks,  Vicar , of  Dilham  and  Honing,  near  Worstead 

Deacon,  Rev. George  Edward,  M.A.,  Ottery  St.  Mary,  Devonshire 

Dean,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Batley,  Yorkshire 

Dean,  William,  Esq.,  Scausby  Hall,  Halifax 

Dearden,  James,  Esq.,  The  Orchard,  Rochdale 

Dees,  Robert  Richardson,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Delafeld,  Rev.  John,  Vicar  of  Tertington,  near  Arundel 

Denison,  Edmund  Beckett,  Esq.,  M.P.,  Doncaster 

Denison,  Robert,  Esq.,  J.P.j  Waplington  Manor,  PockUngton 

Dennett,  Thomas  P.,  Esq..,  Storrington,  Sussex 

Dennett,  William  Hugh,  Esq.,  Worthing,  do. 

Dennisj  Rev.  Luke,  M.A.,  Beverley 

Dent,  Ralph,  Esq.,  Streatlam  Castle,  Barnard- Castle 

Dent,  Rev.  t.,  Hollin  Hall,  Billington-Whalley,  Blackburn 

De  Si,  Manoel  Reviz',  St.  Alban's  House,  Ryde,  Isle  of  Wight 

DeThoren,  Baron,  Underdown,  Ledbury,  Herefordshire 

Denjon,  John  Punshon,  Esq.,  Hartlepool,  Durham 

Denton,-S.  B.,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Joy  Lodge,  Hornsea 

Depledg*.  Joseph  Price,  Esq.,  Glass  Works,  Gateshead 

Dew,  William,  Esq.,  Swanton  Novers,  Holt 

Dewe,  Rev.  James  Byarn,  B.A.,  Ravenfield,  Rotherham 

Dewhurst,  .Isaac,  Esq.,  Skipton-in-Craven 

Dewhurst,  John,  Esq.,  do. 

Dewhurst,  William,  jun.,  Esq., -Ovenden,  Halifax 

Dewing,  R.,  jun.,  Esq.,  Burnham  Overy,  near  Burnham  W'estgate 

Dickins,  Charles  Scrase,  Esq.,  West  Stoke  Park,  near  Chichester 

Dickon,  William,  Esq.,  Beal,  Ferrybridge,  Yorkshire 

Dickson,  John  M.,  Esq.,  Berwick-upon-Tweed 


SUBSCRIBERS. 


xv 


onj  W.jEsq;,  Clk.  of  the  Peace  for  Northumberland,  Alnwick 
Diggle,  Rev.  Charles  Wadham,  Stratfield  Turgis,  Hartford  Bridge 
Dighlon,  Rev.  Edward,  Cranmore,  Sheplon  Mallet 
DILLON,  The  Right  Honourable  Lord  Viscount 
Dinning,  Henry,  Esq.,  Elford,  Belford,  Durham 
Dinning,  John,  Esq.,  Mavisbush,  Lasswade,  Edinburgh 
Dinsdale,  Robert  Moses,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Newsham  Park,  Sladndrop 
Ditmas,  William,  Esq.,  Beverley 
Dixon,  Alexander,  Esq.,  Cleckheaton,  Leeds 
Dixon,  Dixon,  Esq.,  Unthank  Hall,  Haltwhistle,  Northumberland 
Dixon,  Edward,  Esq.,  Saint  Cross,  Winchester 
Dixon,  Rev.  John,  B.A.,  Vicar  of  Brotherton,  Ferrybridge 
Dixon,  Rev.  J.,  Incumbent  of  Ingleby-Greenhow  and  Bilsdale, 
Dixon,  Rev.  W.,  Incumbent  of  East  Ardsley,  Wakefield  [Stokesley 
Dixon,  Rev.  W.  H.,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Bishopthorpe,  and  Chaplain  to 

[the  Archbishop  of  York 

Dobson,  John,  Esq.,  High-Seat  House,  Newcastle- upon-Tyne 
Dobson,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Yorkshire  District  Bank,  Selby 
Dobson,  William,  Esq.,  Gouthorpe  House,  do. 

Docker,  Rev.  Edmund,  B.A.,  Froxfield  and  Steep,  Hants 
Dodd,  Rev.  Edward,  M.A.,  Northwood,  Isle  of  Wight 
Dodd,  William  John,  Esq.,  Monk-Wearmouth,  Durham 
Dodds,  Isaac,  Esq.,  Hall -Car  House,  Sheffield 
Dodds,  Ralph,  Esq.,  Prudhoe  Street,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
DoJman,  Martin,  Esq.,  Titchwell,  near  Burnham  Westgate 
Dodson,  Rev.  Charles,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Penton-Mewsey,  Hants 
Dodsworth,  George,  Esq.,  Fulford,  York 
Dolben,  W.  Mackworth,  Esq.  Finedon  Hall,  Wellingborough 
Dolby,  Miss,  Brizes,  Brentwood 
Dolman, Thomas  W.  L.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Beverley 
Dolphin,  Rev.  John,  South  Repps  Hall,  North  Walsham 
Donne,  W.  B.,  Esq.,  South  Green,  Matteshall,  near  East  Dereham 
Donnison,  Rev.  J.  W.  S.,  Dove  House,  Mendham,  near  Harleston 
Donovan,  Alexander,  Esq.,  Framfield  Park,  near  Uckfield 
Douglas,  Adam  Thomson,  Esq.,  Moneylaws,  Coldstream 
Douglas,  Rev.  H.,  M.A.,  Whickham  Rectory,  Gateshead 
Douglas,  The  Honourable  and  Rev.  James,  Broughton  Rectory 
Douglas,  Rev.  Stair,  Ashling,  near  Chichester 
Dove,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Dowdeswell,  Rev.  C.,  D.D.,  Stanford  Rivers,  Romford,  Essex 
Dowell,  Henry,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Sunderland,  Durham 
Downe,  Rev.  George  E.,  Rushdon  Rectory,  Higham  Ferrers 
Dowsing,  Rev.  Horatio,  North  Barsham  Rectory,  near  Walsingham 
Dowson,  Rev.  Henry,  M.A.,  Monk-Frystone,  Ferrybridge 
Drake,  Sir  T.  F.  E.,  Bart.,  Nutwell  Court,  Woodbury,  Devon 
Drake,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Ashday  Hall,  Halifax 
Dransfield,  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Penistone,  Barnsley 
Drayton,  John,  Esq.,  Lyme  Regis,  Dorset 
Drummond,  Henry,  Esq.,  Albury  Park,  Guildford 
Dryden,  George,  Esq.,  Bingley,  Yorkshire 
Dudley,  Rev.  Samuel  George,  B.A.,  Wilcot,  Witney,  Oxon 
Duesbery,  W.  D.  Thornton,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Skelton  Hall,  Yorkshire 
Duffield,  Francis,  Esq.,  Town  Hill  House,  Bradford 
Dugmore,  John,  jun.,  Esq.,  Swaffham 
Duke,  Rev.  Edward,  Lake  House,  near  Amesbury,  Wilts 
Duncan,  Rev.  Joseph  R.,  Manse,  Dalkeith,  Edinburgh          [Tyne 
Dunn,  Alderman  G.  T.,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Bath  House,  Newcastle-upon- 
Dunn,  Richard,  Esq.,  Heath  House,  Wakefield 
Dunn,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Mayor  of  Newcastle-upon-Tyne,  1843 
Dunn,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Richmond  Hill,  Sheffield 
Duppa,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Eardington,  Bridgenorth,  Salop 
Durant,  George,  Esq.,  Tong  Castle,  Salop 
Durnford,  Mrs.,  Goodworth  Clatford,  Andover 
Durrani,  George,  Esq.,  South  Elmham  Hall,  Harlestone 
Durrant,  Sir  T.  H.  Estridge,  Bart.,  Scottow  Hall,  near  Norwich 
Dusantry,  Rev.  William  S.,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Exton,  Alton,  Hants 
Dyke,  Rev.  T.  Hart,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Long  Newton,  Stockton-on- 
Dyson,  Jeremiah,  Esq.,  Willow  Field,  Halifax  [Tees 

Eadon,  Henry,  Esq.,  Snaith,  Yorkshire 
Eagles,  Ezra,  Esq.,  Bedford 

Eamonson,  Rev.  B.,  M.A.,  Vicarage,  Collingham,  Wethevby 
Earle,  Henry,  Esq.,  Andover,  Hants  [Yorkshire 

Easterby,    Rev.    Richard  D.,  M.A.,   Appleton-le-Street,  Malton, 
Easton,  Josiah,  Esq.,  Pawlett,  near  Bridgwater 
Eastwood,  John,  Esq.,  Eastwood,  Todmorden 
Eastwood,  William,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Patmos  Cottage,  do. 
Eaton,  George,  Esq.,  Spixworth,  Norwich 
Ebbetts,  John,  Esq.,  Cley  Old  Hall,  Cley 
Ecclesiastical  Commissioners,  The,  Whitehall 
Ecroyd,  Benj.,  Esq.,  Ashfield  Terrace,  Bradford 
Eddie,  Wm.  Hesleden,  Esq.,  Barton-upon-Humber 
Eddison,  Edwin,  Esq.,  Town  Clerk  of  Leeds 
Edgell,  Admiral  II.  H.,  Standerwick  Court,  near  Beckington 


Edmondson,  John,  Esq.,  Mytholmroyd,  Halifax 
Edmunds,  Rev.  Edward,  B.A.,  Chester-le-Street,  Durham 
Edwards,  Rev.  Edward,  AJM.,  F.A.S.,  Lynn 
Edwards,  Rev.  Edwin,  Perpetual  Curate  of  Ashford  cum  Thorpe- 
Edwards,  G.  NM  Esq.,  Henlow,  Biggleswade 
Edwards,  Samuel  Bedford,  Esq.,  Arlesey  Bury,  Biggleswade 
Edwards,  Thomas*  Esq.,  Stoketon,,  near  Saltash,  Cornwall 
Edwards,  T.  P.,,  Esq.,  Millbrook,  near  Southampton 
Edwards,  William,  Esq.,  Great  Elm,  near  Frome,  Somerset 
Edwards,  William,  Esq.,  Framlingham 
Eedle,  Rev.  Edward,  Vicar  of  Bersted,  near  Bognor 
Egerton,  Francis  Thomas,  Esq.,  D.L.,  Roche  Court,  Salisbury 
Egles,  Gabriel,  Esq.,  Southover,  Lewes,  Sussex 
EGREMONT,  The  Right  Honourable  the  Earl  of 
Egremont,  Rev.  Godfrey  G.,  Vicar  of  Barrow-upon-Humber 
Elam,  John,  Esq.,  Gildersome,  Leeds 
Eld,  Francis,  Esq.,  Seighford  Hall,  near  Stafford 
Elkins,  Edward,  Esq.,  Newman  Street,  London 
Ellershaw,  Rev.  Henry,  M.A.,  Conisbrough,  Rotherham  . 
Ellerton,  Edward,  Esq.,  Garforth,  Leeds 
Ellerton,  George,  Esq.,  Kippax,  Pontefract 
Elletson,  John,  Esq.,  Howden,  Yorkshire 
Elliot,  Rev.  Wm.  Henry,  M.A.,  Curate  of  Scarborough 
Elliott,  Rev.  E.,  B.A.,  Incumbent  of  New  Mill,  Huddersfield 
Elliott,  John,  Esq.,  Assistant  Clerk  of  the  Peace  for  Northumher- 
Elliott,  William  Elliott,  Esq.,  Gedling  House,  Notts  [laud 

Ellis,  George,  Esq.,  Tiogley  House,  Dewsbury 
Ellis,  James,  Esq.,  Green  Hill,  Bingley 
Ellis,  John,  Esq.,  High  House,  Addingham 
Ellis,  John  Luttman,  Esq.,  Petworth,  Sussex 
Ellis,  John,  Esq.,  Dewsbury 
Ellis,  Joshua,  Esq.,  Highfield  House,  Dewsbury 
Ellis,  William,  Esq.,  Yew  Tree  House,  Morley,  Leeds 
Ellison,  Rich.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Tickhill,  Yorkshire 
Ellison,  Rev.  Thomas  Noel,  Rectory,  Huntspill,  Bridgwater 
Elmhirst,  Rev.  George,  B.A.,  Leeds 
Elsley,  C.  H.,  Esq.,  Recorder  of  York 
Elswood,  A.,  Esq.,  Bungay,  Suffolk 
Elwes,  R.  C.,  Esq.,  Great  Billing,  Northampton 
Embleton,  Dennis,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Embleton,  Robert,  Esq.,  of  Embleton,  Alnwick 
Emerson,  T.,  Esq.,  Blaydon  Lead- Works,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Emly,  Henry,  Esq.,  3,  New  Square,  Lincoln's  Inn,  London 
Emmet,  John,  Esq.,  Ovendon  Grange,  Halifax 
Empson,  Amezia,  Esq.,  Spellow  Hill,  Boroughbridge 
Empson,  Jarvis,  Esq.,  Goole  Hall,  Yorkshire 
Enfield,  H.,  Esq.,  Nottingham 
England,  George,  Esq.,  Westbury,  Wilts 
England,  Richard,  Esq.,  Binham,  near  Wells 

Erskine,  The  Hon.  &  Rev.  H.  D.,  M.A.,  &  J.P.,  Kirby-under-Dale 
Esdaile,  Edward  Jeffries,  Esq.,  Cothelstone  House,  Bishops-Lydeard 
Etty,  Rev.  S.  J.,  M.A.,  Wootton  Vicarage,  Basingstoke 
Etwall,  Ralph,  Esq.,  M.P.,  Longslock-Down,  Hauls 
Etnrell,  William,  Esq.,  Penton  Lodge,  Andover 
Evans,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Hereford 
Evans,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Lyminster,  near  Arundel 
Everard,  Rev.  Daniel,  Burnham-Thorpe,  near  Burnham-Market 
Everelt,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Heylesbury,  Wills 
Every,  Sir  Henry,  Barl.,  Egginglon,  near  Derby 
Ewbank,  Jas.,  Esq.,  Redcar  House,  and  Middleham,  Yorkshire 
Ewbank,  William,  Esq.,  Dalby,  Whilwell,  York 
Ewen,  J.  L.,  Esq.,  Valewood,  near  Hazelmere,  Surrey 
Exall,  William,  Esq.,  Amery  House,  Allon,  Hants 
EXCISE,  Her  Majesty's  Honourable  Commissioners  of 
Eyre,  Rev.  A.  W.,  B.A.,  Vicar  of  Hornsea  and  Rector  of  Rislon 
Eyre,  Rev.  Charles  Wolff,  M.A.,  Hooton- Roberts,  Rotherham 
Eyre,  Rev.  James,  LL.B.,  North  Dalton,  Beverley 
Eyre,  Rev.  W.,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Sherfield-upon-Loddon,  Hants 
Eyton,  Thomas  C.,  Esq.,  Donnerville,  Wellington,  Salop 
Fairbairn,  Peter,  Esq.,  Park  Square,  Leeds 
Falconar,  James,  Esq.,  F.S.A.,  Solicitor,  Doncaster 
Falkner,  Henry,  Esq.,  Southwell,  Notts 
FALMOUTH,  The  Right  Honourable  the  Earl  of 
Fanshawe,  Rev.  Charles  Simon,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Fawley,  Bucks 
Fanshawe,  Rev.  John  Faithful,  M.A.,  Incumbent  ot  Lanchester 
Farley,  Rev.  Thomas,  B.D.,  Rector  of  Ducklington,  Oxon 
Farnall,  H.  Burrard,  Esq.,  Lyme  Regis,  Dorset 
Farrell,  Rev.  Maurice,  Cardington,  Bedford 
Farrer,  John,  Esq.,  Grove  House,  Pudsey,  Leeds 
Farrer  &  Co.,  Messrs.,  Lincoln's  Inn  Fields,  London 
Farwell,  Rev.  William,  Rector  of  St.  Martin's,  Liskeard 
Faulds,  Andrew,  Esq.,  Darley  Hall,  Barnsley 
Fawcett,  Rev.  Christopher,  M.A.,  Bascombe  Rectory,  Amesbury 


XVI 


SUBSCRIBERS. 


Fawcett,  Richard,  Esq.,  Shipley  Hall,  Bradford 
Fawcett,  Rev.  Robert,  B.A.,  Incumbent  of  Hilton  and  Vicar  of 
Fawcus,  John,  Esq.,  North  Shields  [Marlon  in  Cleveland 

Fayrer,  Rev.  Robert,  Incumbent  of  Emmanuel  Church,  Camberwell 
Fearne,  Charles,  Esq.,  Leeds 

Fellowes,  Rev.  Charles.  Rector  of  Shotlesham,  near  Norwich 
Fellowes,  Captain  Sir  Thomas,  Knt.  C.B.,  R.N.,  Gosport,  Hants 
Fendall,  Rev.  Henry,  B.A.,  Vicar  of  Crambe,  Whitwell,  York 
Fenton,  Rev.  George,  Vicarage,  Roystone,  Barnsley 
Fenton,  J.  C..  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Huddersfield 
Fenton,  Kirkby,  Esq..  Leventhorp  House,  Leeds 
Fennyhough,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Yoxhall,  near  Burton-on-Trent 
Fenwick,  Rev.  C.  Forster,  B.C.L.,  Brook  Parsonage,  Isle  of  Wight 
Fenwick,  H.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Red  Barns,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Fenwick,  Henry  Win.,  Esq.,  Stand  House,  do. 

Fenwick,  John,  Esq.,  J.P.,  PrestonVilla,  North  Shields 
Fenwick,  John,  Esq.,  Camp  Ville,  do. 

Fenwick,  John  Man  ers,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Gallow  Hill  House,  Morpeth 
Fenwick,  John  William,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  North  Shields 
Fenwick,  T.  Wm.,  Esq.,  Claremont  Place,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Ferguson,  Charles,  Esq.,  Sunderland 
Ferguson,  Thomas,  Esq,  Gateshead  Low  Fell,  Durham 
Fernandes,  Joze  Luis,  Belle  Vue,  Wakefield 
Ferrand,  W.  Busfeild,  Esq.,  M.P.,  Harden  Grange,  Bingley 
Ferris,  Rev.  Thomas  Boys,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  St.  Luke's,  Leeds 
Testing,  Thomas  Colson,  Esq.,  Blagdon  Court,  near  Bristol 
Fetherstonhaugh,  Timothy,  Esq.,  Kirk-Oswald,  Penrith 
FEVERSHAM,  The  Right  Honourable  Lord 
Fewtrell,  Edwin  Alford,  Esq.,  Grammar  School,  Rotherham 
Fidler,  Rev.  I.,  B.A.,  Incumbent  of  Kelbrook-in -Thornton,  Craven 
Fielden,  Brothers,  Messrs.,  Todmorden,  Yorkshire 
Fielding,  James,  Esq.,  Kerr  House,  Skircoat,  Halifax 
Fife,  George,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Sunderland 

Fife,  Wm.  Henry,  Esq.,  Kllison  Place,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Fillingham,  G.,  Esq.,  Syerston,  near  Newark,  Notts 
Finch,  Rev.  Thomas,  B.A.,  Chaplain  to  the  County  Gaol  and  Curate 
Firth,  Henry  Josiah,  Esq.,  Rose  Hill,  Rotherham  [of  Morpetli 

Firth,  James,  Esq.,  Upper  House,  Bowling,  Bradford 
Firth,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Toothill,  Huddersfield 
Fischer,  Charles  Anthony,  Esq.,  Walton,  Wetherby 
Fish,  Richard,  Esq.,  Blickling,  near  Aylsham 
Fisher,  Edward,  Esq.,  Spring  Dale,  Huddersfield 
Fisher,  Frederick,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Doncaster,  Yorkshire 
Fisher,  Henry  B.,  Esq.,  Conisborough,  Doncaster 
Fisher,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Cleeve,  Yatton,  near  Bristol 
Fisher,  Mr.  Robert,  Chitterne,  Heytesbury,  Wilts 
Fisher,  Rev.  Thomas,  Luccombe,  Somerset 
Fishlake,  Rev.  J.  R.,  Little  Cheverel,  Devizes,  Wilts 
Fitzgerald,  Rev.  R.,  B.A.,  Southington  Cottage,  Overton,  Hants 
Fitzroy,  Rev.  F.  T.  W.  C.,  Ringstead  Rectory,  near  Lynn 
FITZ  WILLIAM,  The  Right  Honourable  the  Earl,          2  copies 
Flavell,  Rev.  J.  W.,  Rector  of  Ridlington,  North  Walsham 
Flavell,  Rev.  J.  W.,  Rector  of  Stody  with  Hanworth,  Holt 
Fletcher,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Meaux  Abbey,  Beverley 
Fletcher,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Rawcliffe,  Goole,  Yorkshire 
Flood,  Christopher,  Esq.,  Honiton,  Devon 
Flood,  Samuel,  Esq.,  Leeds 
Floud,  H.  Ehq.,  Upper  Tooting,  Surrey 
Floyd,  C.  S.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Huddersfield 
Foljambe,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Holme  Field,  Thornes,  Wakefield 
Folkes,  Sir  W.B.,  Bart.,  Hillington  Hall,  near  Lynn 
Foote,  Ambrose,  Esq.,  Ivy  Cottage,  West  Cowes,  Isle  of  Wight 
Forbes,  Henry,  Esq.,  Lister  Terrace,  Bradford 
Ford,  Rev.  Frederick,  M.A.,  Bramshott,  Hants 
Ford,  Robert  L.,  Esq.,  Park  Place,  Leeds 
Forge,  Rev.  C.,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Mapleton,  Hornsea 
Forrest,  The  Right  Hon.  Sir  James,  Bart.,  Lord  Provost  and  Lord 
[Lieutenant  of  the  City  of  Edinburgh 
Forster,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Ryther,  Selby 
Forster,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Wickersley,  Rotherham 
Forster,  Rev.  Joseph,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Edmondbyers,  Gateshead 
Forster,  Richard  Carnaby,  Esq.,  White  House,  Gateshead 
Forster,  Colonel  T.  W.,  Halls,  Holt,  near  Melksham 
Forster,  William,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Alnwick 
Forster,  William  Edward,  Esq.,  Bradford 
Forster,  William  John,  Esq.,  Tynemouth 
Forsyth,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Wellington  Terrace,  South  Shields 
Foster,  Rev.  A.,  B.C.L.,  Kingston,  Taunton 
Foster,  George,  Esq.,  Cliff  House,  Horbury 
Foster,  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Pontefract 
Foster,  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Driffield 
Foster,  John,  Esq.,  Heptonstall  Slack,  Hebden-bridge 
Foster,  John  W.,  Esq.,  Clapham,  Settle,  Yorkshire 


Foster,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Stainforth,  Settle 
Foster,  Rev.  Thomas,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Falstone,  Hexham 
Foster,  William,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Settle 
Foster,  W.  &  H.,  Messrs.,  Denholme,  Bradford 
Fothergill,  Mark,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Selby,  Yorkshire 
Fountaine,  A.  Esq.,  Narford  Hall,  near  SwafFham 
Fowler,  Oliver,  Esq.,  Kingsclere,  Hants 
Fowlis,  Mark,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Heslerton  House,  Malton 
Fox,  George  Colton,  Esq.,  Toclwick  Grange,  Sheffield 
Fox,  John,  Esq.,  Daisy  Lee,  Lindley,  Huddersfield 
Fox,  John,  Esq.,  Cleobury  Mortimer,  Salop 
Fox,  John,  Esq.,  Woodthorpe,  near  Nottingham 
Fox,  Rev.  Thomas  H.  Lane,  Vicar  of  Sturminster  Newton,  Dorset 
Fox,  William  Johnson,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Hatfield,  Doncaster 
Foyster,  Rev.  H.  S.,  Hastings 

Foyster,  Rev.  J.  G.,  Rector  of  All  Saints,  and  St.  Clements,  Hastings 
Francis,  George  Edward,  Esq.,  West  End  Cottage,  Martham 
Francis,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Mendlesham 
Francklin,  John,  Esq.,  Gonalston,  Southwell,  Notts 
Franklyn,  Rev.  Thomas  Ward,  Castle  House,  Tonbridge  Wells 
Freeman,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Ship  Street,  Brighton 
Freke,  Colonel  Henry,  C.B.,  Hannington  Hall,  Highworth,  Wilts 
French,  Richard  D.,  St.  John,  llket&hall,  near  Bungay 
•French,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Eye,  Suffolk 

Friend,  William,  Esq.,  Hart  Plain  House,  Catherington,  Hants 
Frost,  Rev.  Joseph  Loxdale,  M.A.,  Bingley 
Frowd,  Rev.  Edward,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Up.  Clatford,  Hants 
Fryer,  Joseph  Harrison,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Whitley  House,  North  Shields 
Fryer,  Rev.  H.  Edmund,  M.A.,  Burley  Wood,  East  Woodhay,  Hants 
Fulford,  Colonel  Baldwin,  Great  Fulfbrd,  near  Exeter 
Fulford,  Rev.  Francis,  Rector  of  Trowbridge,  Wilts 
Fuller,  John,  Esq.,  Shaw  Hill,  Halifax,  Yorkshire 
Fuller,  Rev.  R.  Fitzherbert,  Lingfield  Lodge,  near  East  Grinstead 
Furbank,  Rev.  T.,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Bramley,  Leeds 
Furner,  William,  Esq.,  Brighton,  Sussex  [Tyne 

Furness,  Rev.  J.  R.,  M.  A.,  Vicar  of  Dinnington,  Newcastle-upon- 
Gaggs,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Howden,  Yorkshire 
Gale,  Edward  Morant,  Esq.,  Upham  House,  Bishop's  Waltham 
Gale,  Rev.  J.,  Rector  of  Angersleigh,  Taunton 
Gale,  Rev.  John  Shephard,  S.C.L.,  Hurstbourne  Tarrant,  Andover 
Gale,  William,  Esq.,  North  Fambridge  Hall,  Maldon 
Garbert,  Jonathan,  Esq.,  Hartlepool 
Garbett,  Edmund,  Esq.,  Wellington,  Salop 
Gardiner,  George,  Esq.,  Guisley,  Leeds,  Yorkshire 
Gardiner,  Rev.  R.  B.,  Vicar  of  Wadhurst,  Sussex 
Gardiner,  Rev.  Robert,  Uffculm,  Devon 
Gardiner,  Rev.  Robert,  Wellisford  House,  Somerset 
Gardner,  Rev.  C.,  Vicar  of  East  Uean  cum  Friston,  near  Eastbourne 
Gardner,  Rev.  Dr.,  Sansaw,  Shrewsbury 
Garforth,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Elmsley  House,  Steeton,  Keighley 
Garland,  John,  Esq.,  Netherwood  Hall,  Wombwell,  Barnsley 
Garnett,  Richard,  Esq.,  Hill  Side,  Bradford 

Gamier,  The  Very  Rev.  Thomas,  Dean  of  Winchester,  Bishop's  Stoke 
Garrett,  J.  G.  Esq.,  Portsdown  Cottage,  Hants 
Garwood,  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Hartlepool 
Gascoigne,  William,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Leeds 
Gaskell,  Benjamin,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Thornes  House,  Wakefield 
Gaunt,  Matthew,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Leeds 
Gauntlett,  Rev.  H.,  M.A.,  Cncklade,  Wilts 
Gay,  James,  Esq.,  Thurning  Hall,  near  East  Dereham 
Geach,  Edward,  Esq.,  Liskt-aid,  Cornwall 
Geare,  John,  jun.,  Esq.,  Exeter 
Gedge,  Rev.  Joseph,  Vicar  of  Humberston,  Grimsby 
Geldard,  John,  Esq.,  South  Benwell  House,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Geldart,  Rev.  James  W.,  LL.D.,  R.P.C.L.,  Cantab.,  Rector  of 
Gell,  F.  Harding,  Esq.,  Lewes,  Sussex  [Deighton,  Yorkshire 

George,  Rev.  W.  H.,  Spaxton  Rectory,  Bridgwater 
Gibbs,  Charles,  Esq.,  Bishop's-Lydeard,  Taunton,  Somerset 
Gibbs,  H.  C.,  Esq.,  58,  Old  Broad  Street,  London 
Gibson,  Sir  Alex.  C.  Maitland,  Bart.,  Clifton-hall,  Kirkliston,  Edin- 
Gibson,  Rev.  Alfred  A.,  Bradley,  Basingstoke,  Hants  [burgh 

Gibson,  Jasper,  Esq.,  Hexham,  Northumberland 
Gibson,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Bedlington,  Morpeth,  Northumberland 
Giffard,  Rev.  James,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  W  notion,  Barrow-upon-Hum- 
Gilbert,  Mrs.  Davies,  Eastbourne,  Sussex  [her,  Lincolnshire 

Gilbert,  Major  Edward,  Bartley  Lodge,  Southampton 
Gilbert,  Thomas  Webb,  Esq.,  Philpot  Lane,  London 
Gilchrist,  George,  Esq.,  Berwick-upon-Tweed 
Gilderdale,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Lecturer  of  the  Parochial  Church, 
[Halifax,  Edgerton  Lodge,  Huddersfield 
Gills,  Robert,  Esq.,  Eldon  Square,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Oilman,  S.  H.  L.  N.,  Esq.,  Hingham 
Gilpin,  Rev.  Bernard,  Burnham-Market,  Norfolk 


SUBSCRIBERS. 


XVtl 


Girdlestone,  Steed,  Esq.,  Stebbington,  near  Wansford 
Girling,  Captain  T.  A.,  The  Grove,  near  Holt 
Gisborne,  Matthew,  Esq.,  Walton  Hall,  Burton-upon-Trent 
Gleadall,  Charles,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Halifax,  Yorkshire 
Glenton,  Frederick,  Esq.,  Bensham  Lunatic  Hospital,  Gateshead 
Glover,  The  Ven.  Archdeacon,  South  Repps,  near  North  Walsham 
Glover,  Jeremiah,  Esq.,  Field  Head,  Wakefield 
Glover,  Robert  Mortimer,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Goddird,  Rev.  Edward,  Vicar  of  Pagham,  near  Chichester 
Godfrey,  T.  S.,  Esq.,  Balderton  Hall,  Newark 
Godson,  S.  Holmes,  Esq.,  Tenbury,  Salop 
Godson,  William,  Esq.,  Sandall  Grove,  Doncaster 
Goff,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Hale  House,  Salisbury 
Goldfrap,  Mrs.,  Clenchwarton  Rectory,  near  Lynn 
Goldie,  Rev.  Thomas  Smith,  Minister  of  Coldstream 
Golding,  Samuel,  Esq.,  Lodge,  Walsham-le- Willows,  near  Ixworth 
Goldney,  Gab.,  Esq.,  Chippenham,  Wilts 

Goldsworthy,  Major  John,  Ackworth  House,  Pontefract      [Halifax 
Gooch,  Rev.  J.  Henry,  M.A.,  Head  Master  of  Grammar  School, 
Gooch,  James,  Esq.,  East  Dereham,  Norfolk 
Gooch,  J.  W.,  Esq.,  Wooton  Place,  near  Bungay 
Goodall,  \Villiam,  Esq.,  The  Heath,  Halifax 

Goodenough,  Rev.  R.  W.,  M.A.,  Vicarage,  Whittingham,  Alnwick 
Goodman,  S.,  Esq.,  West  Chevington,  Felton,  Northumberland 
Goodman,  Timothy,  Esq.,  Warminster,  Wilts 
Goodrich,  John,  Esq.,  Hopton,  near  East  Harling 
Goodricke,  William,  Esq.,  Houghton-le-Spring,  Durham 
Goodwin,  Charles,  Esq.,  Cobland  House,  Totton,  Eling,  Hants 
Gordon,  Charles,  Esq.,  Wescombe  Park,  Honiton,  Devon 
Gordon,  Captain  Conway,  E.I.C.S.,  16,  Crescent,  Southampton 
Gordon,  Rev.  Hastings,  M.A.,  The  Minister  of  Beverley 
Gordon,  Captain  James,  R.N.,  Whitby,  Yorkshire 
X->oring,  H.  i).,  Esq.,  M.P.,  Highden,  near  Shoreham 
Gorring,  H.  B.,  Esq.,  Seaford,  Sussex 
Gould,  Rev.  J.  N.,  B.A.,  Amberd  House,  Taunton 
Gould,  John  Scott,  Esq.,  Moredon,  North  Curry,  near  Taunton 
Gower,  Captain  Leveson,  Bill  Hill,  near  Wrokingham 
Gowler,  Henry,  Esq.,  Rammidge  Cottage,  Weyhill,  Hants 
Graburn,  William,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Barton-upon-Humber 
Grace,  Edward  N.,  Esq.,  Byker-hill,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Grace,  Rev.  Henry  Thomas,  Vicar  of  Westham,  near  Eastbourn 
Grace,  John,  Esq.,  Wallsend,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Grace,  Nathaniel,  Esq.,  Scotswood  House,  Newcasile-upon-Tyne 
Graham,  Edward,  Esq.,  The  Hall,  Worth,  near  Crawley 
Graham,  Michael,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Middlesbrough,  Yorkshire 
Grahamsley,  George,  Esq.,  Laverick  Hall,  Boldon,  Gateshead 
Grainge,  Middleton,  Esq.,  Sunnyside,  Gateshead 
Grant,  Mr.  Jonathan,  East  Coulston,  Devizes,  Wilts 
Grant,  Rev.  Robert,  Vicar  of  Bradford-Abbas,  Dorset 
Grant,  William,  Esq.,  Stubbington  Lodge,  near  Portsmouth 
Grantham,  S.,  Esq.,  Stoneham,  near  Lewes 
Grantham.  Rev.  Thomas,  Bramber  Rectory,  Steyning,  Sussex 
Gratwick,  W.  G.  K.,  Esq.,  Ham,  near  Arundel 
Graves,  Rev.  Henry,  Rector  of  Middleton  St.  George,  Darlington 
Gray,  Edward,  Esq.,  Garesfield  House,  Gateshead 
Gray,  John,  Esq.,  East  Lilburn,  Wooler,  Northumberland 
Gray,  John,  Esq.,  Pagans  Hill  House,  Chew-Stoke,  near  Bristol 
Gray,  Russell,  Esq.,  Barcombe,  near  Lewes,  Sussex 
Grazebrook,  Thomas  W.  Smith,  Esq.,  Dallicott  House,  Claverley 
Greame,  Yarburgh,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Sewerby  House,  Bridlington 
Greaves,  Robert  D.,  Esq.,  Potternewton  Lodge,  Leeds 
Green,  A.,  Esq.,  Parkgate,  Ringmer,  near  Lewes 
Green,  Atkinson  &  Co.,  Messrs.,  Engineers,  Wakefield 
Green,  Edwin,  Esq.,  Havercroft,  Wakefield,  Yorkshire 
Green,  Mrs.  Elizabeth,  Crossland  Moor,  Huddersfield 
Green,  Mrs.  E.  W.,  Holcombe  House,  Somersetshire 
Green,  Henry,  Esq.,  Moreton,  near  Newport,  Salop 
Green,  James,  Esq.,  Holcombe,  near  Old  Down,  Somerset 
Green,  John,  Esq.,  Darlington 

Green,  Messrs.  John  &  B.,  Architects  &  Engineers,  Newcastle- 
Green,  Rev.  John  Samuel,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Wooler  [upon-Tyne 
Green,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Ipswich,  Suffolk 

Green,  Thomas  Abbott,  Esq.,  Pavenham,  Bury,  near  Bedford 
Green,  Rev.  Valentine,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Birkin,  Ferrybridge 
Greenfield,  Rev.  B.  W.,  M.A.,  Shirley,  Southampton 
Greenhow,  Edward,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Dockwray-square,  North  Shields 
Greenhow,  E.  Headlam,  Esq.,  Tynemouth,  Northumberland 
Greenside,  Rev.  Ralph,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Crathome,  Yarm 
Greenstreet,  Major-General,  Brampton,  Hants 
Greeriwell,  Richard,  Esq.,  Sunderland 

Greenwood,  Edwin,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Knowle,  Keighley,  Yorkshire 
Greenwood,  James,  Esq.,  Woodlands,  Haworth,  Keighley 
Greenwood,  Joseph,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Spring  Head,          do. 
VOL.  I. 


Greenwood,  Richard,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Gargrave,  Skipton 
Greenwood,  Wm.,  jun.,  Esq.,  Oxenhope-hall,  Haworth,  Bradford 
Greenwood,  William  Brookwood,  Esq.,  Hinton-Ampner,  Hants 
Gregory,  Rev.  H.,  M.A.,  Grammar  School,  Witney 
Greig,  James  Robiason,  Esq.,  Chiltley,  Liphook,  Hants 
Gretton,  John,  Esq.,  Burton-upon-Trent,  Staffordshire 
Grey,  G.,  Esq.,  Middle  Ord,  Berwick-upon-Tweed 
Grey,  George  Annett,  Esq.,Milfield  Hill,  Wooler 
Grey,  Thomas  Robinson,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Norton,  Stockton-on-Tees 
Griesbach,  Rev.  W.  R.,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Millington,  Givendale,  & 
[Friday  Thorpe,  Pockiington,  Yorkshire 
Griffith,  Rev.  Robert  C.,  Corsley  Rectory,  near  Warminster 
Grigg,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Earsham,  near  Bungay 
Grimmer,  George,  Esq.,  Manse  House,  Haddiscoe,  near  Beccles 
Gtimston,  Henry  Estouteville,  Esq.,  Lingcroft,  York 
Grooby,  Rev.  James,  Vicar  of  Swindon,  Wilts 
Groves,  Captain,  Calverleigh,  Tiverton,  Devon 
Grylls,  Glynn,  Esq.,  Helston,  Cornwall 
Gully,  John,  Esq.,  Ackworth-park,  Pontefract 
Gunn,  Rev.  John,  Irstead  Rectory,  near  Norwich 
Gurdon,  Rev-  Edward,  Reymerston,  near  East  Dereham 
Gurdon,  Rev.  Philip,  Cranworth,  near  Shipdham,  Norfolk 
Gurney,  Daniel,  Esq.,  F.A.S.,  North  Runcton  Hall,  near  Lynn 
Gurney,  Joseph  J.,  Esq.,  Earlham  Hall,  near  Norwich 
Gurney  &  Birkbeck,  Messrs.,  Norwich 
Guy,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Gainsborough 
Gwyn,  John  Fraunceis,  Esq.,  Ford  Abbey,  Thorncombe,  Devon 
Gwyn,  W.,  Esq.,  Tasburgh  Lodge,  near  Long-Stratton 
Haggie,  Robert  Hood,  Esq.,  Willington,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Hague,  John,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Dewsbuiy  &  Drighlington 
Haigh,  George,  Esq.,  Bradford 

Haigh,  Rev.  J..M.A.,  Incumbent  of  St.  Thomas's,  Crooke,  Sheffield 
Haigh,  S.  Wood,  Esq.,  Terrace  Cottage,  Mirfield,  Dewsbury 
Haigh, Thomas,  Esq.,  Newlaiths  Grange,  Leeds 
Hailstone,  Edward,  Esq.,  Horton  Hall,  Bradford 
Hale,  Edward,  Esq.,  Hambledon,  Hants 
Hale,  Matthew,  Esq.,  Manor  House,  Dewsbury 
Hale,  R.  Hale  Blagden,  Esq.,  Cottle's  House,  Melksham 
Hale, Rev.  Robert,  M.A.,  Settrington  House,  Malton 
Hall,  Rev.  E.  M.,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Idle,  Bradford 
Hall,  G.  Blyth,  Esq.,  Stafford 
Hall,  James,  Esq.,  Scorbrough,  Beverley 
Hall,  Major  Jasper,  Malshanger,  Basingstoke 
Hall,  John,  Esq.,  Kiveton  Park,  Sheffield 

Hall,  Rev.  John,  Rector  of  Upper  Stondon,  and  Vicar  of  Shillington 
Hall,  Nathaniel,  Esq.,  New  Hall,  near  Henfield,  Steyning 
Hall,  Procter,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Keighley 
Hall,  Rev.  T.,  Ropsley  Rectory,  Grantham,  Lincolnshire 
Hall,  Thomas  R.,  Esq.,  Holly  Bush  House,  Burton-upon-Trent 
Hall,  Thomas,  jun.,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Purston  Lodge,  Pontefract 
Hall,  William,  Esq.,  Thorpland  Hall,  near  Fakenham 
Hallewell,  Benjamin,  Esq.,  Woodhouse,  Leeds 
Halliday,  Rev.  Edmund,  Trowbridge,  Yard  House,  Taunton 
Haly,  Aylmer,  Esq.,  Wadhurst  Castle,  near  Tonbridge 
Hambly,  Edward,  Esq.,  Wadebridge,  Cornwall 
Hamerton,  James,  Esq.,  M.A.,  Hellifield  Peel,  Skipton 
Hamilton,  Rev.  James,  Rector  of  Ardingley,  near  Cuckfield 
Hammond,  Rev.  J.  Parish,  Rector  of  Minestead-with-Lyndhurst 
Hammond,  Joseph,  Leominster,  Herefordshire 
Hamond,  A.,  Esq.,  WestacreHigti  House,  near  Swaffham 
Hamond,  Miss,  Swaffham 

Hamond,  Rev.  William,  M  A.,  Holdenhurst,  Christchurch 
Hampton,  Rev.  H.,  Rector  of  Little  Birch,  Herefordshire 
Hanbury,  Edward,  Esq.,  Bloomville  Hall,  Hacheston 
Hanbury,  Rev.  George,  Westacre,  near  Swaffham 
Hanbury,  William,  Esq.,  Moreton  House,  Colwich,  Stafford 
Hand,  Rev.  John,  LL.B.,  Rector  of  Handsworth,  Sheffield 
Hankinson,  Rev.  Robert,  Walpole  St.  Andrew,  near  Lynn 
Hanks,  James,  Esq.,  Snaith 

Hanmer,  Sir  John,  Bart.,  Bettisfield  Park,  near  Whitchurch,  Salop 
Hanson,  George,  Esq.,  Wilsden,  Bradford 
Harbin,  George,  Esq.,  Newton  House,  Yeovil,  Somerset 
Harboltle,  John,  Esq.,  Anick  Grange,  Hexham 
Harcourt,  Rev.  C.  G.  V.,M.A.,  Whitton  Tower,  Rothbury 
Harcourt,  Rev.  L.  Vernon,  West  Dean  House,  near  Chichester 
Hardcastle,  Frederick,  Esq.,  Commercial  Bank,  Halifax 
Hardcastle,  Timothy,  Esq.,  Scalby  House,  Scarborough 
Hardcaslle,  William,  Esq.,  Stainley  House,  Ripley 
Hardman,  C.  F.,  Esq.,  Castledown,  Hastings 
Hardy,  John,  Esq.,  M.P.,  3,  Portland  Place,  London 
Hardy,  John,  Esq.,  7,  Beaumont-street,  Oxford 
Hardy,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Birksgate,  Huddersfield 
Hare,  Rev.  H.  J.,  Docking  Hall,  Docking 


XV111 


SUBSCRIBERS. 


HARE  WOOD,  The  Right  Honourable  the  late  Earl  of 

Harford,  Rev.  Alfred,  Vicar  of  Locking,  near  Cross,  Somerset 

Hargrave,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Monckton  Villa,  South  Shields 

Hargrave  &  Sons,  Messrs.  James,  Kirkstall,  Leeds 

Hargrave,  William,  Esq.,  St.  James'  Lodge,    do. 

Harison,  W.  T.,  Esq.,  Folkington,  near  Eastbourne,  Sussex 

Harland,  William  Charles,  Esq.,  M.P.,  Sutton  Hall,  York 

Harle,  William  Lockey,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Harman,  Thomas  Leader,  Esq.,  Westwood  Park,  Southampton 

Harneis,  Theophilus,  Esq.,  Thorganby  Hall,  Lincolnshire 

Harris,  Alfred,  Esq.,  Spring  Lodge,  Bradford 

Harris,  Charles,  Esq.,  Fulford  Grange,  Yorkshire 

Harris,  Henry,  Esq.,  Heaton  Hall.  Bradford 

Harris,  John,  Esq.,  Civil  Engineer,  Darlington 

Harris,  J.  D.,  Esq.,  Hayne,  Launceston,  Cornwall 

Harris,  William,  Esq.,  Brereton,  Rugeley,  Staffordshire 

Harrison,  Anthony,  Esq.,  Loygate  Cottage,  South  Shields 

Harrison  &  Brown,  Messrs.,  Solicitors,  Wakefield 

Harrison,  Edward,  Esq.,  Settle,  Yorkshire 

Harrison,  James,  Esq.,  Architect,  Sheffield,  Yorkshire 

Harrison,  Robert,  Esq.,  Benningholme  Hall,  Hull 

Harrison,  Stephen  Wright,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Tynemouth 

Harrison,  Washington,  Esq.,  Knowsley  Cottage,  Driffield 

Harrison,  Rev.  W.  B.,  Rector  of  Gayton-le-Marsh,  Lincolnshire 

Harrison,  Rev.  William  Gorst,  M.A.,  Hart,  Hartlepool 

Hartley,  George,  Esq.,  Settle,  Craven,  Yorkshire 

Hartley,  Rev.  J.,  B.A.,  Incumbent  of  Boroughbridge 

Hartley,  James,  Esq.,  The  Green,  Sunderland 

Hartley,  S.  F.,  Esq.,  Shaw  Hill,  Halifax 

Harvey,  Richard,  Esq.,  St.  Day,  Truro,  Cornwall 

Harvey,  Robert  R.,  Esq.,  Sturminster  Newton,  Dorset 

Harvey,  William,  Esq.,  St.  George's  Place,  Barnsley 

Hasker,  Rev.  William,  M. A.,  Baughurst,  Basingstoke,  Hants 

Hasler,  Richard,  Esq.,  Aldingbourne  House,  near  Chichsster 

Hasted,  J .  S.,  Esq.,  R.N.,  Tarrington  Gurney,  Old  Down,  Somerset 

HASTINGS,  The  Right  Honourable  Lord 

Hatherell,  Rev.  J.  W.,  Rectory,  Charmouth,  Dorset 

Hattall,  H.,  Esq.,  Rose  House,  Stockbridge,  Hants 

Hawdon,  Robert,  Esq.,  Mayor  of  Morpeth,  1843.  [Tyne 

Hawdon,   William  G.,  Esq.,  Blaydon-foundry,  Newcastle-upon- 

HAWKE,  The  Right  Honourable  Lord 

Hawke,  Edward,  jun.,  Esq.,  Knottingley,  Ferrybridge 

Hawker,  Lieut. -Col.,  Longparish  House,  Hants 

Hawker,  Rear-Adml.,  K.C.H.,  Ashford  Lodge,  Petersfield 

Hawkins,  John  E.,  Esq.,  Manor  House,  Faringdou,  Hants 

Hawks,  George,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Redheugh,  Gat^shead 

Hawks,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Sheriff  of  Newcastle-upon-Tyne  in  1843 

Hawortlh,  Benjamin,  Esq.,  M.A.,  J.P.,  Hull  Bank  House,  Hull 

Hawthorn,  William,  Esq.,  C.E.,  The  Cottage,  Benwell,  Newcastle 

Hay,  The  Hon.  and  Rev.Somerville,  Curate  of  Bergh-Apton 

Hay,  William,  Esq.,  Park-square,  Leeds 

Haydon,  W.,  Esq.,  Mill  Mead  House, Guildford 

Hayne,  Rev.  Thomas,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Rastrick,  Huddersfield 

Haynes,  Robert,  Esq.,  Bellavista  House,  Westbury,  Wilts 

Haythorne,  Rev.  Joseph,  Vicar  of  Congresbury,  Somerset 

Hayward,  George,  Esq.,  Headingley  Hall,  Leeds 

Hayward,  John,  Esq.,  West  Chinnock,  near  Crewkerne 

Haywood,  John,  Esq.,  Rotherham 

Head,  Charles,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Hexham 

Head,  Rev.  Oswald,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Lesbury,  Alnwick 

Heald,  Rev.  W.  M.,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Birstal,  Leeds 

Heath,  Rev.  Charles,  Hanworth,  near  Aylsham 

Heath,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Horning,  Norwich 

Heathcote,  J.  M.,  Esq.,  Connington  Castle,  Hiihts 

Heathcote,  William  Arthur,  Esq.,  Rolleston,  Shrewton,  Wilts 

Heaton,  John,  Esq.,  St.  John's  Cottage,  Little  Woodhouse,  Leeds 

Heaton,  William  Barnard,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Gainsborough 

Hedley,  Edward  Anthony,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Link  Hall,  Alnwick 

Hedley,  Samuel,  Esq.,  Coxlodge  Cottage,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Hedley,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Shieldfield,  do. 

Heelis,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Skipton  Castle 

Heigham,  John  Henry,  Esq.,  Hunston  Hall,  near  Ixworth 

Heffill,  Henry,  Esq.,  Diss,  Norfolk 

Hellyer,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Ryde,  Isle  of  Wight 

Hembrough,  John,  Esq.,  Waltham,  Grimsby,  Lincolnshire 

Heming,  Rev.  H.,  Lurgashall,  near  Petworth,  Sussex 

Hemmingway,  Edward,  Esq.,  Oulton  Green,  Leeds 

Henderson,  Lieut.-Col.,  late  Royal  Engineers,  Southampton 

Henderson,  Capt.  Gro.,  R.N.,  Berkeley  Cottage,  Bruton,  Somerset 

Hennah,  Rev.  W.  Veale,  B.A.,  Minister  of  St.  James,  East  Cowes 

Henty,  Sam.,  Esq.,  Kingston,  near  Little  Hampton,  Sussex 

Henville,  Rev.  C.  B.,  M.A.,  Hamble-le-Rice,  Southampton 

Ilenzell,  Charles  Rutherford,  Esq.,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 


Hepper,  James,  Esq.,  Canal  Cottage,  Shipley,  Bradford 
Hepworth,  Abraham,  Esq.,  Lindley,  Huddersfield 
Hepworth.  Rev.  J.  W.,  B.  A.,  Parsonage,  Woodkirk,  Leeds 
Hepworth,  Rev.  William,  Botesdale 

Hepworth,  Rev.  William,  Vicar  of  Griston,  near  Walton 
Hepworth,  William,  Esq.,  Calder  Grove,  Wakefield 
Herbert,  Frederick,  Esq.,  Northleach 

Herbert,  Miss  R.,  The  Hill,  near  Abergavenny,  Monmouthshire 
Herbert,  Samuel,  Esq.,  Gate  Fulford,  Yorkshire 
Herbert,  The  Honourable  and  Very  Rev.  W.,  Dean  of  Manchester 
[and  Rector  of  Spofforth,  Wetherby 

Herne,  Rev.  J.  Buckworth,  Rector  of  West  Hendred,  Berks 
Heriot,  Rev.  George,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  St.  Anne's,  Newcastle- 
Heseltine,  Edward  John,  Esq.,  Bank,  Rotherham  [upon-Tyne 

Hesleden,  Bryan,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Barton-upon-Humber 
Hetherington,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Wallsend,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Hewetson,  Joshua,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Heckley  House,  Alnwick 
Hewett,  John  Waller,  Esq.,  Fareham,  Hants 
Hewison,  Ions,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Hewison,  Lawrence,  Esq.,  Benwell  Villa,  do. 
Hewitt,  Rev.  William,  M.A.,  Ancroft,  Berwick-upon-Tweed 
Hext,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Reslormill,  Lostwithiel,  Cornwall 
Heywood,  Arthur,  Esq.,  Stanley  Hall,  Wakefield 
Heyworth,  Rev.  James,  Shirley,  near  Southampton 
Hick,  Henry,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Stokesley 
Hick,  Samuel,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Leeds 
Hicks,  Charles,  Esq.,  Rye,  Sussex 
Hicks,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Hastings,  do. 

Higginson,  Edmund,  Esq.,  Saltmarsh,  Bromyard,  Herefordshire 
Higham,  George,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Hone  Gate  House,  Biighouse 
Higinbothom,  Newburgh,  Esq.,  Holt  Lodge,  Farnham,  Surrey 
Hilder,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Mays,  Selmeston,  near  Lewes,  Sussex 
Hill,  John,  Esq.,  Paulton,  near  Bath 

Hill,  Rev.  John,  The  Citadel,  Hawkstone.  near  Shrewsbury 
Hill,  Rev.  J.  Oakley,  M.A.,  Dorton  and  Ashendon,  Bucks 
Hill,  John,  Esq.,  South  Cave,  Kingston-upon-Hull 
Hill,  John  Hepworth,  Esq.,  M.A.,  Cantab.,  Park  Square,  Leeds 
Hill,  Rev.  Melsup,  B.A.,  Lye  Parsonage,  Stourbridge 
Hill,  Richard,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Thornton  Dale,  Pickering 
Hill,  Captain  William,  Ryhope,  Sunderland 
Hill,  William  Wilkes,  Esq.,  Bteston  Hall,  Leeds 
HILL,  The  Right  Honourable  the  late  Lord 
HILL,  The  Right  Honourable  Lord 

Hinckley,  Rev.  John,  Vicarage,  Sheriff-Hales,  near  Shiffnall 
Hindle,  William  J.,  Esq.,  C.E.,  Barnsley 
Hindmarch,  William,  Esq.,  Poulter  Close,  Gateshead 
Hindmarsh,  Luke,  Esq.,  Alnbank  House,  Alnwick 
Hipperson,  John,  Esq.,  Carleton  Rode,  near  Attleburgh 
Hippisley,  Lady,  Stone-Easton  House,  Old  Down,  Somerset 
Hird,  H«nry  Wickham,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Low  Moor  House,  Bradford 
Hitchcock,  Mr.  Harry,  Chittern-All  Saints,  Htytesbury 
Hoare,  Clement,  Esq.,  Vineyard,  Shirley,  Southampton 
Hobson,  Richard,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Park  House,  Leeds 
Hocken,  Rev.  Wm.,  Rector  of  St.  Endellion,  Camelford,  Cornwall 
Hodge,  Rev.  Edward,  Woodfield-Badock,  Penryn,  Cornwall 
Hodge,  George  William,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Hodge,  W.C.,  Esq.,  Pounds,  Plymouth 

Hodgkinson,  Rev.  Edmund,  M. A.,  Parsonage,  Baildon,  Bradford 
Hodgson,  Alfred,  Esq.,  Snaith,  Yorkshire 
Hodgson,  H.  B.,  Esq.,  Acomb  House,  York 
Hodgson,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  M.R.S.L.  Hartburn,  Morpeth 
Hodgson,  John,  Esq.,  Bank  Side,  Hebden  Bridge  [Tweed 

Hodgson,   Thomas,  Esq.,  Morris   Hall,  Norham,  Berwick-upon- 
Hodgson,  Thomas  Bent,  Esq.,  Registrar  for  W.R.,  Skelton,  York 
Hodgson,  William,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Staindrop,  Darlington 
Hogge,  Rev.  Martin,  Southacre.  nearSwaffham 
Hoggett,  Rev.  Thomas  A.,  Biddleston  House,  Rothbury 
Holdich,  Rev.  T.  P.,  M.A.,  Oxon,  St.  John's,  Carisbrooke 
Holding,  William,  Esq.,  Elm  Grove,  Kingsclere,  Hants 
Holdsworth,  J.,  Esq.,  belle-field,  Wakefield 
Holford,  George  C.,  Esq.,  New  Park,  Devizes,  Wilts 
Holgate,  Rev.  Thomas  Burton,  B.A.,  Vicar  of  Bishopton,  Stock- 
Holland,  John,  jun.,  Esq.,  Slead  House,  Halifax      [ton-upon-Tees 
Holland,  Rev.  S.,  D.D.,  Precentor  of  Cathedral,  Chichester 
Holland,  Rev.  T.  E.  M.,  Rectory,  Stoke  Bliss,  Tenbury 
Holland,  Rev.  T.  A.,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Greatham,  Petersfield 
Hollier,  John,  Esq.,  Thame,  Oxon 

Hollingberry,  T.,  Esq.,  Church  House,  Northiam,  near  Rye 
Hollingsworth,  Rev.  A.  G.  H.,  Vicar  of  Slow-Market 
Hollis,  William,  Esq.,  Shire  Newton,  near  Chepstow 
Hollond,  Robert,  Esq.,  M.P.,  Allegria,  St.  Leonard's-on-Sea 
Holloway,  Horatio,  Esq.,  Marchwood  Lodge,  Southampton 
Holman,  Captain  Thomas  Holloway,  R.N.,  Great  Grimsby 


SUBSCRIBERS. 


xix 


Holme,  Henry,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Leeds 

Holme,  Rev.  James,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Kirk-Leatham,  Guisborough 

Holmes,  Rev.  Henry,  B.A.,  Incumbent  of  Stainfoith,  Settle 

Holmes,  Rev.  Joseph,  D.D.,  Head  Master  of  the  Grammar  School, 

Holmes,  Rev.  J.,  Brooke  Hall,  near  Norwich  [Leeds 

Holmes,  Rev.  J.  W.,  M.A.,  Stockton-on-the-Forest,  York 

Holmes,  Richaid,  Fsq.,  Solicitor,  Boroughbridge 

Holmes,  Thomas,  Esq.,  West  Grove,  Halifax 

Holmes,  William,  Esq.,  Brookfield,  near  Arundel,  Sussex 

Holroyd,  John,  Esq.,  White  Birks,  Ovendon,  Halifax 

Holroyde,  James,  jun.,  Esq.,  Cheapside,  do. 

Holt,  Henry,  Esq.,  Mining  Engineer,  Wakefield 

Holy,  Thomas  Beaid,  Esq.,  Norton  House,  Sheffield 

Hombersley,  William,  Esq.,  Peplow  Hall,  near  Hodnet,  Salop 

Home,  R.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Berwick-upon-Tweed 

HOME  OFFICE,  Her  Majesty's 

Hook,  Rev.  Walter  Farquhar,  D.D.,  The  Vicarage,  Leeds 

Hooper,  Rev.  James,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Kingweston,  Somerset 

Hopkenson,  John  Joseph,  Esq.,  Grimston  Hill,  York 

Hopkins,  Rev.  Adolplius,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Clent,  Stourbridge 

Hopkins,  Henry,  Esq.,  Hubborne  Lodge,  Christchurch,  Hants 

Hopper,  Ralfh  Shipperdson,  Esq.,  M.D.,  East-Parade,  Leeds 

Hopper,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Sharrow  Lodge,  Ripon 

Hopps,  George,  Esq.,  Red  House,  Yoik 

Horncastle,  John,  jun.,  Esq.,  The  Yews,  TickhiH 

Horndon,  Rev.  U.,  Bicton  Parsonage,  Devon 

Home,  Rev.  William,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Hotham,  Cave,  Yorkshire 

Hornidge,  Samuel  Gwinnett,  Esq.,  10,  Bloomsbury-square,  London 

Horsfall,  John  Garnett,  Esq.,  Bolton  Royde,  Bradford 

Horsfall,  Rev.  Richard,  M.A.,  Rectory,  Noimanby,  Pickering 

Horton,  John,  Esq.,  Prior's  Lee  Hall,  near  Shiffnall,  Salop 

Hoste,  Derick,  Esq.,  Barwick  House,  near  Docking 

Hoste,  Rev.  James,  Rector  of  Ingoldesthorpe,  near  Lynn 

Hotham,  Rev.  Charles,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Roos,  Patrington 

Hotham,  Hon.  and  Rev.  F.,  Rector  of  Dennington,  Suffolk 

Houchen,  John,  Esq.,  Wereham  Hall,  near  Stcke  Ferry 

Houseman,  John,  Esq.,  M.D.,  M.R.C.S.L.,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

How,  Rev.  G.  A.,  Vicar  of  Bosham,  near  Chichester 

How,  James,  Esq.,  Brook  House,  Newport,  Isle  of  Wight 

Howard,  Rev.  William,  Great  Witchingham  Parsonage,  Norfolk 

Howard,  Hon.  &  Rev.  William,  M.A.,  The  Grange,  Rotherham 

Howard,  Will  am,  Esq.,  Hartley  House,  Plymouth 

Howes,  Rev.  George,  Spixworth  Parsonage,  Norwich 

Howey,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Lilburn  Grange,  Wooler 

Hoy,  James  Barlow,  Esq.,  M.P.,  Thornhill,  Southampton 

Hoyle,  John  Theodore,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Hoyle,  Richard,  Esq.,  Denton  Hall,  do. 

Hoyle,  Robert  C.,Esq.,  Aughton  Hall,  Sheffield 

Hoyle,  William  F.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Rotherham 

Hubback,  Robert  Garcwell,  Esq.,  Staindrop  Hall,  Darlington 

Hudson,  Rev.  G.  T.,  West  Harptree,  Old  Down,  Somerset 

Hudson,  Harrington,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Bessingby,  Bridlington 

Hudson,  Rev.  J .,  M.A.,  Chatton,  Belford 

Hudson,  James,  Esq.,  Adwalton,  Leeds 

Hughes,  Rev.  D.,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Nether-Thong,  Huddersfield 

Hughes,  George  Hughes,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Middleton  Hall,  Wooler 

Hughes,  Rev.  Joseph,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Meltham,  Huddersfield 

Hughes,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Hylton  Cottage,  North  Shields 

Hughes,  William,  Esq. .Browning's  Grove,  Framfield, near Uckfield 

Hughes,  W.  Hughes,  Esq.,  F.S.A.,  &c.  &c.,Bellevue  House,  Ryde 

Hughlirgs,  Harry,  Esq.,  Halifax 

Hull,  Thomas,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Beverley 

Hulme,  John  Rhodes,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Scarborough 

Hulse,  Sir  Charles,  Bart.,  Breamore  House,  Sarum 

Humble,  E.,  Esq.,  Coldwell  Cottage,  Chesterfield 

Humble,  George,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Cleckheaton,  Leeds 

Humble,  Joseph  John,  Esq.,  Prudlioe  House,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Hume, Rev.  Charles  J.,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Meon-Stoke,  Alton,  Hants 

Hunt,  Rev.  George,  Barningham  Rectory,  near  Botesdale 

Hunt,  John,  Esq.,  Thornington,  Coldstream 

Hunter,  Adam,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Park  Place,  Leeds 

Hunter,  Cuthbeit,  Esq.,  Walker  Cottage,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Hunter,  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Gateshead 

Hunter,  Sir  Rich.,  Knt.,  Dunlany  Cottage,  Patching,  near  Arundel 

Huntriss,  William,  Esq.,  Lord  Street,  Halifax,  Yorkshire 

Huntsman,  Francis,  Esq.,  Attercliffe,  Sheffield 

Hurst,  Robert  Henry,  M.P.,  Horsham,  Sussex 

Hurst,  William,  Esq.,  Architect,  Doncaster 

Hustler,  John,  Esq.,  Bolton  House,  Bradford 

Hutchinson,  Rev.  C.  E.,  Can.  Res.  Chichester 

Hutchinson,  George,  Esq.,  Ovingham,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Hutchinson,  John,  Esq.,  Caistor,  Lincolnshire 

Hutchinson,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Brotton  Hall,  Guisborough 


Hutchinson,  Timothy,  Esq.,  Egglestone  Hall,  Barnard  Castle 
Hutchinson,  Wrilliam,  Esq.,  C.E.,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Hutchinson,  William  Johnson,  Esq.,  Grove,  Barnard  Castle 
Hutt,  William,  Esq.,  M.P.,  Gibfide,  Gateshead 
Hutton,  Rev.  C.  J.,  Rector  of  St.  John's,  Ilketshall,  nearBungay 
Hutton,  George,  Esq.,  Carlton,  Newark 
Hutton,  John  R.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Sunderland 
Hutton,  William,  Esq.,  Esplanade,  Tynemouth 
Hymers,  William,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Gateshead 
[bbotson,  Rev.  A.,  Incumbent  of  Rawdon,  Leeds 
tkin,  John  Arthur,  Esq.,  Scarcroft  Grange,     do. 
Illingworth,  Jonathan  Akioyd,  Esq.,  Bradford 
Imeary,  Robert,  Esq.,  Jarrow  Lodge,  South  Shields 
Inge,  Rev.  John  Robt.,  M, A. .Incumbent of  St.  Mary's,  Portsmouth 
[ngham,  Joshua,  Esq.,  M.A.  &  J.P.,  Blake  Hall,  ulirfield,  Dews- 
Ingharn,  T.  Hastings,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Marlon  House,  Skipton         [bury 
ingham,  William,  Esq.,  Mankinholes,  Todmorden 
Ingle,  John  Benjamin,  Esq.,  Bradford 
Ingleby,  Charles,  Esq.,  Austwick,  Settle 
Ingledew.  Henry,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Ingram,  John  R.,  Esq.,  Haugh  End,  Halifax 
Ingram,  J.  A.,  Esq.,  Codford  St.  Peter,  Wilts 
Ingram,  W.  H.,  Esq.,  Ades,  near  Chailey,  Lewes 
Ireland,  Rev.  John,  Rockfield  House,  Nunney,  near  Frome 
Iremonger,  Rev.  F.  A.,  B.A.,  Shipton-Bellinger  Vicarage,  Hants 
Iremonger,  Rev.  Thomas  L.,  Vicar  of  Clatford,  Goodworth,    do. 
IRISH  OFFICE,  The,  London 

Irvin,  Rev. Thomas,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Ormesby,  Stockton-upon-Tees 
Irving,  George,  Esq.,  Chichester,  Sussex 

Irving,  Rev.  John  W.,  B.A.,  Incumbent  of  Batley-Carr,  Dewsbury 
Irving,  Rev.  Lewis  H.,  Abercorn,  Linlithgow 
Isham,  Sir  Justinian,  Bart.,  Lamport  Hall,  Northampton 
Iveson,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Holmfirth 
Jackson,  Charles,  Esq.,  Banker,  Doncaster 
Jackson,  Rev.  Charles,  A.B.,  Bentley,  Farnham 
Jackson,  Edward,  Esq.,  Beevor  Hall,  Barnsley 
Jackson,  Rev.  H.,  B.D.,  Holt  Rectory,  Norfolk 
Jackson,  Hugh  William,  Esq.,  Leven,  Beverley 
Jackson,  John,  Esq.,  Riston  Grange,  Beverley 
'  Jackson,  John,  Esq.,  Beverley 

Jackson,  Ralph  Ward,  Esq.,  Greatham  Hall,  Stockton- upon-Tees 
Jackson,  Rev.  T.  G.,M.A.,  Studley,  Warwickshire 
Jackson,  William,  Esq.,  Knottingley,  Ferrybridge 
Jacob,  Rev.  Philip,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Crawley,  Hants 
Jadis,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Humbleton,  Hedon,  Hull 
James,  C.  F.,  Esq.,  Kirknewton  House,  Wooler 
James,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Brandon,  Alnwick 
Jarratt,  Rev.  Robert,  Wellington,  Somerset 
Jarvis,  Sir  Raymond,  Bart.,  Fair  Oak  Park,  Bishopstoke,  Hants 
Jarvis,  L.  W.,  Messrs,  and  Son,  Lynn 
Jary,  W.  H.,  Esq.,  Blofield  Lodge,  Norwich 
Jeffcock,  John,  Esq.,  Cowley  Manor,  Sheffield 
Jeffcock,  Thomas  Dunn,  Esq.,  Brush  House,  do. 
Jeffcock,  William,  Esq.,  High  Hazles,  Sheffield,  Yorkshire 
Jefferson,  Matthew,  Esq.,  Lendings,  Startforth,  Barnard-Castle 
Jefferson,  William,  Esq.,  Pontefract 

Jefferys,  Nath.  Newman,  Esq.,  Blighmont,  Millbrook,  Southampton 
Jeffrey,  Rev.  John,  D.D.,  Rectory, Otterhampton,  near  Bridgwater 
Jenkins,  Rev.  David,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Pudsey,  Leeds 
Jenkins,  Rev.  William,  Vicarage,  Sidmouth,  Devon 
Jenkins,  Rev.  William,  Selham  Rectory,  near  Midhurst,  Sussex 
Jenkinson,  Rev.  F.,  Gnosall,  Stafford 

Jenkinson,  Rev.  George,  M.A.,  Lowick,  Berwick-upon-Tweed 
Jenkinson,  Rev.  J.  S.,  Hastings 

Jennings,  Joseph  Crew,  Esq.,  Evershot,  near  Dorchester,  Dorset 
Jerram,  Rev.  Charles,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Witney,  Oxon 
Jervoise,  G.  P.,  Esq.,  Herriard  House,  Hants 
Jesson,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Beech  House,  Bransgore,  Christchurch 
Jessop,  Adam,  Esq.,  Castleford,  Pontefract 
Jessop,  Rev.  Thomas,  D.D.,  Bilton  Hall,  York 
Jissett,  Robert,  Esq.,  Blackdown,  Winchester,  Hants 
Joberns,  William  Southwell,  Esq.,  Ryde,  Isle  of  Wight 
Jobling,  Jn.  Creswell,  Esq.,  Newton  Hall,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Jobson,  William,  Esq.,  Boulmer  House,  Alnwick 
Jodrell,  Rev.  Henry,  B.A.,  Idsworth,  Horndean,  Hants 
Johnson,.  G.,  Esq.,  Benwell  Colliery,  Newcastle-npon-Tyne 
Jffhnson,  Captain  James,  Willow  Bank,  near  Ryde 
Johnson,  John,  Esq.,  Willington,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Johnson,  John,  Esq.,  Brigham,  Driffield 
Johnson,  Rev.  R.  L.,  Biuderton  House,  near  Chichester 
Johnson,  Samuel,  Esq.,  Halifax 
Johnson,  Rev.  Samuel,  Hinton-Blewett,  near  Bath 
Johnson,  Rev.  Thomas,  M.A.,  Hinton-Ampner,.Alresford 

bi 


XX 


SUBSCRIBERS. 


Johnson,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Doncaster 

Johnston,  William,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Johnstone,  Sir  John  V.  B.,  Bart.,  M.P.,  Hackness,  Scarborough 

Johnstone,  Spearman,  Esq.,  Mount  Villa,  York 

Johnstone,  Rev.  Thomas  Bryan,  Rector  of  Glutton,  Somerset 

Jolliffe,  John  Twyford,  Esq.,  AmmerdownPark,  Kilmersdon,  do. 

Jones,  Frederick  Robert,  Esq.,  Birk  House,  Huddersfield 

Jones,  F.R.,  jun.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  do. 

Jones,  George  Haines,  jun.,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Ashling  House,  Hants 

Jones,  Rev.  John,  St.  Owen-street,  Hereford 

Jones,  Rev.  John,  All  Souls,  St.  Leonard's,  Sussex 

Jones,  J.  A.,  Esq.,  Llanarth  Court,  Abergavenny 

Jones,  Rev.  Robert,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Branxton,  Coldstream 

Jones,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Olive  House,  near  Dudley 

Jones,  Thomas  Rock  Smith,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Sunderland 

Jones,  Rev.  W.,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Morestead,  Winchester 

Jope,  William,  Esq.,  Tremeddan,  Liskeard,  Cornwall 

Jordan,  John,  Esq.,  Whitchurch,  Hants 

Jowett,  Thomsis,  Esq.,  Bingley 

Jubb,  Abraham,  Esq.,  Halifax 

Justice,  Henry,  Esq.,  Hinstock,  near  Market-Drayton,  Salop 

Keeling,  Rev.  F.,  M.A.,  Pockthorpe  Hall,  Driffiefd 

Keete, 'Henry  W.,  Esq.,  M.D.,  St.  Nicholas,  Newport,  Isle  of  Wight 

Keir,  John  Mallison,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Barnsley 

Kekwick,  John,  Esq.,  The  Holmes,  Rotherham 

Kelk,  John,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Scarborough 

Kelsall,  James,  Esq.,  Bridge  House,  Ferrybridge 

Kemp,  F.  T.,  Esq.,  Swardeston,  near  Norwich 

Kemp,  Nathaniel,  Esq.,  Ovingdean  House,  near  Brighton 

Kemp,  Rev.  T.  Cooke,  B.A.,  Vicar  of  East  Meon,  Hants 

Kemp,  Rev.  Sir  W.  R.,  Bart.,  Gissingr,  near  Diss,  Norfolk 

Kempson,  Rev.  W.  Brooke,  A.M.,  Rector  of  Stoke-Lacy,  Hereford 

Kendall,  James,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Pickering 

Kendall,  John,  Esq.,  East  Ness,  Whitwell 

Kenmir,  George  Johnson,  Esq.,  Claremont  House,  Gateshead 

Kennaway,  Sir  John,  Bart.,  Escot  House,  Honiton,  Devon 

Kennaway,  Mark,  Esq.,  Exeter,  Devon 

Kennedy,  Rev.  Lewis  Drummond,  B.A.,  Louth 

Kennicott,  Rev.  Richard  Dutton,  B.A.,  Horton,  Morpeth 

Kent,  Rev.  Geo.  E.  East  Winch  Hall,  near  Lynn 

Keppel,  Hon.  Major-Gen.  G.,  Ashley.  Lymington,  Hants 

Keppel,  Hon.  and  Rev.  T.  R.,  Warham  Rectory,  near  Wells 

Kerrison,  M.,  Esq.,  Ranworth,  near  Acle,  Norfolk 

Kett,  George  S.,  Esq.,  Brooke  House,  near  Norwich 

Kidd,  Martin,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Holmfirth 

Kidd,  Rev.  Thomas,  Croxton  Rectory,  near  St.  Neot's 

Kilby,  Rev.  Thomas,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  St.  John's,  Wakefield 

Kilner,  Rev.  William,  D.D.,  Rector  of  Weyhill,  Hants 

King,  Rev.  Henry,  M.A.,  Middleton,  Beverley 

King,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Christ  Church,  Hull 

King,  John,  Esq.,  Loxwood  House,  near  Horsham,  Sussex 

King,  J.  Esq.,  Coates,  nearPetworth 

King,  R.  Meade  King,  Esq.,  Walford,  near  Taunton 

King,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Kirkleatham,  Guisborough 

Kinneir,  Richard,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Cirencester 

Kinsman,  Rev.  A.G.,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Gildersome,  Leeds 

Kipling,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Barnard-Castle,  Durham 

Kirlew,  George,  Esq.,  The  Mount,  York 

Kirsopp,  William,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Hexham 

Knatchbull,  Wrilliam  F.,  Esq.,  Babington,  Frome 

Knight,  Sir  Arnold  James,  Knt.,  31. D. 

Knight,  Rev.  C.  Bridges,  M.A.,  Chawton  Rectory,  Alton,  Hants 

Knight,  Messrs.  Charles  and  John,  Cannington,  Bridgwater 

Knight,  Rev.  John,  Perpetual   Curate  of  Heytesbury,  Wilts 

Knigot,  Rev.  Thomas,  M.A.,  Rectorof  Ford,  Coldstream 

Knight,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Alton,  Hants 

Knighton,  Sir  William  W.,  Bart.,  Blendworth  Cottage,  Horndean 

Knipe,  Rev.  R.  R.,  Rectorof  Water-Newton,  Wansford, Hunts 

Knott,  Samuel,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Knowles  &  Brown,  Messrs.,  Iron- Works,  Rotherham 

Knowles,  George,  Esq.,  Wood  End,  Scarborough 

Knowles,  L.  &  L.  H.,  Messrs.,  Gomersall,  Leeds 

Knowlys,  John,  Esq.,  Woodsfarm  Lodge,  near  Crawley,  Sussex 

Lacy,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Wood  Dalling  Hall,  near  Reepham 

Ladbroke,  James  Willis,  Esq.,  Hillyer's,  Petworth,  Sussex 

Laidman,  John,  Esq.,  Exeter 

Laing,  George,  Esq.,  Balerno  Mill,  Currie,  Edinburgh 

Laing,  Philip,  Esq.,  Deptford  House,  Sunderland 

Lamb,  Sir  C.  M.  Bart.,  Beauport,  near  Battle 

Lamb,  Henry,  Esq.,  The  Rookery,  Hawley,  Kent 

Lamb,  Henry,  Esq.,  Kettering 

Lamb,  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Barnard-Castle 

Lamb,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Andover 


Lambert,  Rev.  Burgess,  M.A.,  Misterton,  Crewkerne,  Somerset 

Lambert,  Rev.  Johnson,  M.A.,  Bowes,  Barnard-Castle 

Lambert,  J.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Alnwick 

Lampard,  Goodeve,  and  Bowker,  Messrs.,  Winchester 

Lance,  Rev.  William,  A.M.,  Rector  of  Faccombe,  Hants 

Landon,  Rev.  James,  B.D.,  Vicar  of  Aberford,  Wetherby 

Langham,  Sir  James  Hay,  Bart.,  Glyndbourn,  near  Lewes,  Sussex 

Langley,  Rev.  John,  A.M.,  All  Saints,  Southampton 

Langridge,  W.  V.,  Esq.,  Lewes,  Sussex 

LangstaflT,  Owen,  Esq.,  Barnard- Castle 

Lardner,  J.  H.,  Esq.,  Rye,  Sussex. 

Larke,  H.  R.,  Esq.,  Brooke,  near  Norwich 

Latham,  Rev.  Henry,  Selmeston  Vicarage,  near  Lewes 

Lauga,  Burman,  Esq.,  Waltham,  Great  Grimsby,  Lincolnshire 

Lawrell,  Rev.  John,  B.A.,  Dummer  Rectory,  Basingstoke 

Lawrence,  Captain  J.  R.,  East  Harptree,  Old  Down,  Somerset 

Lawson,  William,  Esq.,  Longhirst,  Morpeth 

Lawton,  G.  Warner,  Esq.,  Eye,  Suffolk 

Layborn,  Jonathan,  Esq..  Wold  Cottage,  Thwing,  Bridlington 

Laybourn,  Jacob,  Esq.,  Nafferton  Lodge,  Driffield 

Laycock,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Fishergate  House,  York 

Leach,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Tweedmouth,  Berwick 

Leadbeatter,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Mirfield,  Dewsbury 

Leah,  Henry,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Byerley  Hall,  Bradford 

Leake,  James,  Esq.,  Witney,  Oxon 

Leatham,  William,  Esq.,  beech  Lawn,  Heath,  Wakefield 

Leather,  James,  Esq.,  Beeston  Park,  Leeds 

Leather,  John  Towlerton,  Esq.,  C.E.,  Dam  House,  Sheffield 

Leaver,  F.,  Esq.,  Nottingham 

Ledgard,  Francis,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Mirfield,  Dewsbury 

Lee,  George,  Esq.,  Threapwood,  Hexham 

Lee,  James,  Esq.,  West  Retford  House,  Notts 

Lee,  R.  T.,  Esq.,  Grove  Hall,  Ferrybridge 

Lee,  Thomas  M.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Leeds 

Lee,  William,  Esq.,  St.  John's,  Wakefield 

Lee,  W'illiam,  Esq.,  Huddersfield 

Leech,  Rev.  W.,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Shernborne,  near  Lynn 

Leeds,  Stephen,  Esq.,  Whitwell,  Reepham 

I.eeke,  Rev.  R.  H.,  Brockton,  Newport,  Salop 

Leeke,  R.  M.,  Esq.,  Longford  Hall,  do. 

Lefevre,  The  Right  Hon.  C.  S.,  Speaker  of  the  House  of  Commons 

Le  Grice,  Rev.  Frederick,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Great  Gransden,  Hunts 

Leeman,  George,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  York 

Legard,  George,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Fangfoss  Hall,  Pocklington 

Legard,  Sir  Thomas  Digby,  Bart.,  Ganton  Hall,  Yorkshire      [ham 

Legge,  John   Robinson,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Houghton-le-Spring,  Dur- 

LKICESTER,  The  Right  Honourable  the  late  Earl  of 

Leigh,  Frederick,  Esq.,  Collumpton,  Devon 

Leigh,  Robert,  Esq.,  Taunton 

Leigh,  Rev.  Win.,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Pulham-St.  Mary,  Harleston 

Leman,  Rev.  G.O.,  Perpetual  Curate  of  Stoven,  Brampton  Hall 

Leman,  Rev.  Thomas  Orgill,  Rector  of  Brampton,  near  Halesworth 

Lempriere,  Captain  G.  Ourry,  R.N.,  Pelham  Lodge,  Alton,  Hants 

LENNOX,  The  Right  Honourable  Lord  George 

Lenthall,  Kyffin  John  W.,  Esq.,  Bessels-Leigh,  Abingdon,  Berks 

Leslie,  Rev.  C.  W.,  St.  Leonard's,  Sussex 

Lethbridge,  Rev.  Charles,  St.  Stephen's,  Launceston 

Lewes,  John,  Esq.,  Lewes,  Sussex 

Lewin,  R.  Hutchinson,  Esq.,  Bartley  Lodge,  Southampton 

Lewis,  Rev.  J.  B.,  Kingsbury-Episcopi,  near  South  Petherton 

Lewthwaite,  Rev.  George,  B.D.,  Rector  of  Adel,  Leeds 

Lichfield,  William,  Esq.,  Nursling  Mount,  Southampton 

Lidbeiter,  Richard,  Esq.,  Magdalen,  near  Steyning,  Sussex. 

Liddell,  Christopher,  sen.,  Esq.,  Shieldfield,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Liddell,  Rev.  Henry  George,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Easington,  Durham 

Light,  Rev.  H.  W.  M.,  B.  A.,  Incumbent  of  Bramshaw,  Hants 

Lind,  James,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Ryde,  Isle  of  Wight 

Lingwood,  Robert  M.  Esq.,  Sufton  Court,  Hereford 

Linskill,  Rev.  John  A.  P.,  B.A.,  Stanhope,  Durham 

Lipscomb,  Rev.  Francis,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Wrelbury-in-CleveIand 

Lister  &  Son,  Messrs.  Robert,  Scotswood,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Lister,  Francis,  Esq.,  Bank,  Goole 

Lister,  George  S.  Spofforth,  Esq.,  Ousefleet  Grange,  Goole 

Lister,  George  Thompson,  Esq.,  Hollin  Close,  Bollon 

Lister,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Stanley,  Wakefield 

Lister,  John,  jun.,  Esq.,  Gateshead 

Lister,  John,  Esq.,  Elmfield,  Bramley,  Leeds 

Lister,  Rev.  J.  M.,  Burwell  Park,  Louth,  Lincoln 

Lister,  Rev.  Joseph  Martin,  B.A.,  Muckton-cum-Burwell,  Louth 

Lister,  Samuel  Cuncliffe,  Esq.,  Manningham  Hall,  Bradford 

Little,  Rev.  Robert,  B.D.,Yarmouth,  Isle  of  Wight 

Littler,  Rev.  John,  Battle,  Sussex     [end,  Glamorgan,  South  Wales 

Llewelyn,  Rev.  R.  Pendrill,  M.A.,  Llangynwyd  Vicarage,  Bridg- 


SUBSCRIBERS. 


xxi 


Lloyd,  George,  Esq.,  Stockton  Hall,  York 
Lloyd,  Rev.  Henry,  M.A.,  Stockton  Hall,  do. 
Lloyd,  Sir  James  M.,  Bart.,  Lancing,  near  Shoreham,  Sussex 
Lloyd,  Rev.  William,  Rushall,  near  Pewsey,  Wilts 
Lloyd,  Rev.  W.  H.  C.,  Norbury,  Rectory,  Newport,  Staffordshire 
Lloyd,  Rev.  Yarburgh  G.,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Rawcliffe,  Selby 
Locke,  Wadham,  Esq.,  Codford-St.  Mary's,  Wiley,  Wilts 
Lockwood,   Rev.  J.   W.   Knollys,  B.A.,   Incumbent   of  Ulrome, 
Long,  Frederick,  Esq.,  Shabbington,  Bucks  [Bridlington 

Long,  Francis  Stephen,  Esq.,  Red  House,  Amesbury,  Wilts 
Long, Rev.  Henry,  Newton  Rectory,  near  Long  Stratton 
Long.'R.  Kellett,  Esq.,  Dunston  Hall,  near  Norwich 
Long,  S.  M.  Esq.  Bodney  Hall,  near  Brandon 
Long,  Walter,  Esq.,  M.P.,  Rood  Ashton  House,  Trowbridge 
Longlands,  Rev.  T.,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Porchester,  Hants 
Longridge,  William,  Esq.,  Bedlington  Iron-Works,  Morpeth 
Longstaff,  Owen,  Esq.,  Barnard-Castle 
LONSDALE,  The  Right  Honourable  the  late  Earl  of 
Lonsdale,  J.  W.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Halifax 
Lopes,  Sir  Ralph,  Bart.,Maristow,  near  Plymouth 
Loraine,  R.  G.,  Esq.,  Wallington,  Surrey 
Lord,  Rev.  W.  E.,  Rector  of  Northiam,  near  Rye,  Sussex 
Lovegrove,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Horsham,  Sussex 
Lovett,  James,  Esq.,  Priory,  Cricklade,  Wilts 
Lowes,  John,  Esq.,  Aliens  Green,  Haltwhistle 
Lowrey,  William,  Esq.,  Barmoor,  Berwick-upon-Tweed 
Lowry,  Stephen,  Esq.,  Shieldfield  House,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Lucas,  Rev.  St.  John  W.,  Rector  of  East  Hatley 
Ludlow,  H.  G.  G.,  Esq.,  Heywood  House,  Westbury,  Wilts 
Lukin,  Rev.  John,  A.M.,  Rector  of  Nursling,  Hants 
Lumb,  Henry,  Esq.,  Southgate,  Wakefield 
Lumb,  Rev.  Thomas  Dawson,  M.A.,  Methley,  Leeds 
Lundy,  Rev.  Francis,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Lockington,  Beverley 
Lupton,  Harry,  Esq.,  Thame,  Oxon 
Luttrell,  Rev.  A.  Lownes,  East  Quantoxhead,  Bridgwater 
Luxmore,  Edward,  Esq.,Wadebridge,  Cornwall 
Luxford,  Rev.  G.  C.  Bognor,  Sussex 
Lyddon,  Richard,  Esq.,  Wellington,  Somerset 
Lyddon,  Robert,  Esq.,  South  Petherton,  Somerset 
Lyne,  Rev.  C.  P.,  Rector  of  West  Thorney,  near  Chichester 
Lyne,  Edward,  Esq.,  Wadebridge,  Cornwall 
Lyne,  John,  Esq.,  Moorswater  Lodge,  near  Liskeard 
Lynn,  F.  P.,  Esq.,  Mindrum  Mill,  Coldstream 
Lyon,  David,  Esq.,  Northbrook,  Goring,  near  Worthing 
Lyon,  James,  Esq.,  Dangstone,  near  Midhurst 
Lyus,  George,  Esq.,  Stow  Market 

Mabbott,  W.  C.  Esq.,  The  Priory,  Southover,  near  Lewes 
Macauley,  Francis  Edwin,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  l:alifax 
-Mac-Carty,  Charles  E.,  Esq.,  Branch  Bank  of  England,  Leeds 
Machell,  Rev.  Robert,  M.A.,  Etton,  Beverley 
Mack,  Rev.  W.  B.,  Rector  of  Horham,  Stradbroke 
MACKENZIE,  The  Right  Honourable  Lord 
Mackenzie,  Alexander,  Esq.,  Doorhay  Cottage,  Porlock,  Somerset 
Mackenzie,  Rev.  William,  B.A.,  Easington,  Durham 
Macpherson,  Rev.  A.,  Rothwell  Vicarage,  Kettering 
Maddison,  George  P.,  Esq.,  Cramlington,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Maddison,  Rev.  John  G.,  A.M.,  West  Monkton,  Taunton 
Magor,  John  P.,  Esq.,  Penventon,  Redruth,  Cornwall 
Maister,  Rev.  H.,  B.A.,  Thornaby,  Stockton-upon-Tees 
Major,  H.,  Esq.,  Simonside  Hall,  J  arrow,  Gateshead 
Maker,  Rev.  J.  W.,  Patron  and  Incumbent  of  Brcde,  near  Hastings 
Malcolm,  J.,  Esq.,  Lamorbey,  Bexley,  and  Gt.  Stanhope  St.,  London 
Maling,  Rear  Admiral,  The  Elms,  Abberley,  Worcester 
Maling,  Edward  Haygorth,  Esq.,  Sunderland 
Mallows,  George,  Esq.,  Wattisfield,  near  Ixworth 
MALMESBURY,  The  Right  Honourable  the  Earl  of 
Maltby,  Rev.  Henry  Joseph,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Eaglescliffe,  Yarm 
Mann,  Rev.  Charles,  Denver,  East  Hall,  near  Downham-Market 
Mann,  Rev.  Joseph,  M.  \.,  Vicar  of  Kellington,  Ferrybridge 
Mann,  Joshua,  Esq.,  Mannville,  Bradford 
Manser,  David,  Esq.,  Rye,  Sussex 
Mant,  Arthur,  Esq.,  Storringtoa,  do. 

Mant,  Thomas,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Truro  Cottage,  Hayling,  Hants 
Manx,  Mrs.  Martha,  Shalden  Lodge,  Alton,  do. 

Marchant,  F.ancs,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Hemsworth,  Pontefract 
Margitson,  J.  T.,  Esq.,  Ditchingham  House,  near  Bungay 
Marley,  John,  Esq.,  High  Claremont  Place,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Marriott,  John  Gary,  Esq.,  Narborough,  near  Swaffham 
Marriott,  Mr.,  Taunton,  Somerset 
Marris,  George,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Caistor 
Marsden,  Rev.  A.,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Gargrave,  Skipton 
Marsden,  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Wakefield 
Marsh,  Henry,  Esq.,  Hatherdon  House,  Andover 


Marsh,  Rev.  W.  H.,  jun.,  Esq.,  Lamas  Rectory,  near  Coltishall 

Marshall,  H.  Cowper,  Esq.,  Westwood  Hall,  Leeds 

Marshall,  James  Garth,  Esq.,  Headingley,       do. 

Marshall,  John,  Esq.,  Lane  Ends,  Horsforth,  do. 

Marshall,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Street  House,  near  Bradford 

Marshall,  Rev.  J.  W.  H.,  Rector  of  Ovingdean,  near  Brighton 

Marshall,  Michael,  Esq.,  Chew-Magna,  near  Bristol 

Marshall,  Richard,  Esq.,  Hornsea  House,  Yorkshire 

Marshall,  R.,  Esq.,  Higham  Place,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Marshall  &  Son,  Messrs.,  Spring  Mill,  Huddersfield 

Marshall,  William,  Esq.,  Treworgey,  near  Liskeard,  Cornwall 

Marshall,  Rev.  W.,  Vicar  of  Naseby,  near  Welford 

Marter,  Rev.  Richard,  A.M.,  Millbrook,  Southampton 

Martin,  Charles  W.,  Esq.,  Belvedere,  Christchurch,  Hants 

Martin,  James,  Esq.,  Gate-Helmsley 

Martin,  J.  A.,  Esq.,  Sidbrook,  West  Monkton,  Taunton 

Martin,  Sir  Roger,  Bart.,  Burnham  Hall,  Burnham-Market 

Martin,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Havant,  Hants 

Martin,  T.  J.,  Esq.,  Pulborough,  near  Petworth,  Sussex 

Martin,  William,  Esq.,  Bixley  Hall,  near  Norwich 

Martin,  William,  Esq.,  Hemingstone  Hall,  near  Needham-Maiket 

Martin,  W.  Benne,  Esq.,  Worsborough  Hall,  Barnsley 

Martineau,  Rev.  A.,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Whitkirk,  Leeds 

Martinson,  Edward,  Esq.,  High  Hedgefield,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Martyn,  Richard  W.  Esq.,  Martock,  Somerset 

Martyn,  Rev.  Thomas  W  addon,  Lifton  Rectory,  near  Launceston 

Mason,  Captain  H.  Browne,  R.N.,  Hilfield,  Yately,  Hants 

Mason,  Rev.  Jacob  Montague,  M. A.,  Scarborough 

Mason,  Mathias,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Barnsley 

Mason,  Colonel  William,  Necton  Hall,  near  Swaffham 

Massey,  Rev.  Thomas,  B.A.,  Hatcliffe  Rectory,  Great  Grimsby 

Massie,  Rev.  C.,  Great  Finborough,  near  Stowmarket 

Mather,  Edward,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Mathew,  J.  Mee,  Esq.,  F.S. A. .Churchyard  Court,  Temple,  London 

Matthews,  Rev.  John  Jenkins,  Rector  of  Melbury-Osmond 

Matthews,  Rev.  Thomas,  B.A..  Rector  of  Bentworth,  Alton,  Hants 

Mdton,  James,  Esq.,  Manor  House,  Maddington,  Devizes 

Matravers,  William,  Esq.,  Westbury,  Wilts 

Maud,  Abraham,  Esq.,  Fleets  Rilston,  Skipton 

Maude,  Arthur,  Esq.,  Goole 

Maude,  Francis,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Alverthorpe  Hall,  Wakefield 

Maude,  Rev.  Francis,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Hoyland,  Barnsley 

Maude,  John,  Esq.,  Dep.  Lieut.,  &  J.  P.,  Moor  House,  Stanley, 

Maude,  Rev.  Thomas,  M.A.,  Elvington,  Yorkshire          [Wakefield 

Maugham,  Rev.  William,  Incumbent  of  Benwell,  Newcastle-upon- 

Maule,  George  Frederick,  Esq.,  Huntingdon  [Tyne 

Maunsell,  Thomas  P.  Esq.,  M.P.,  Thorpe  Malsor,  Kettering 

Maxse,  James,  Esq.,  Woolbeding,  near  Midhurst,  Sussex 

Maxwell,  William  Constable,  Esq.,  Everingham  Park,  Pocklington 

May,  Thomas," Esq.,  Basingstoke 

Mayo,  Rev.  Charles  Erskine,  M.A.,  Dalby  Rectory,  Stillingtoa 

Me  Calmont,  Rev.  Thomas,  B.A.,  Highfield,  Southampton 

Me  Carogher,  Dr.,  Chichester 

Me  Ghie,  Rev.  J.  Powlett,  A.M.,  Oxon,  Vicar  of  Portsmouth 

Me  Kinley,  George,  Rear-Admiral  of  the  Red,  Anglesea  Villa 

Me  Michael,  George,  Esq.,  Bridgenorth 

Meade,  P.  Esq.,  North  Curry,  near  Taunton 

Meakin,  Mr.  John,  Brockton,  Newport,  Salop 

Measure,  John,  Esq. .Lincoln's Inn,  London 

Medhurst,  Messrs.,  Hurstbourne-Tarrant,  Andover 

Medlycott,  Sir  William  Coles,  Bart.,  Ven  House,  Milborne  Port 

Meek,  Alderman  James,  Middlethorpe  Lodge,  York 

Meers,  Thomas  Gay,  Esq.,  Bale,  near  Holt,  Norfolk 

Meiklam,  John,  Esq.,  R.Y.S.,  Cowes,  Isle  of  Wight 

Mellor,  Benjamin,  Esq.,  Stainland,  Halifax 

Melmoth  and  Son,  Messrs. .Sherborne,  Dorset 

Mence,  Rev.  J.  W.,  B.A.,  Prestwold,  Loughborough 

Mence,  William  Cookes,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Barnsley 

Mercer,  Rev.  William,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  St.  George's,  Sheffield 

Merest,  Rev.  J.  W.  Drage,  B.D.,  Vicar  of  Staindrop,  Durham 

Merriman,  James,  Esq.,  Ashford  House,  Cannington,  Bridgwater 

Meryon,  John,  Esq.,  Rye,  Sussex 

Messiter,  Messrs.  G.  and  H.,  Wincanton,  Somerset 

Metcalfe,  George,  Esq  ,  Northumberland  Square,  North  Shields 

Metcalfe,  Thomas,  Esq.,  West  Boldon  Hall,  Gateshead 

Mewbuin,  Thomas  M.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Darlington 

Meynell,  George,  Esq.,  Barrister  at  Law,  York 

Meyer,  Philip  Herman,  Esq.,  Stondon  Place,  Ongar 

Michell,  Rev.  H.  C.,  M.A.,  Minister  of  Lymington,  Hants 

Michell,  J.  C.,  Esq.,  East  Street,  Brighton 

Micklethwait,  Rev.  John  Heaton,  B.A.,  Denton,  Otley 

Micklethwaite,  Daniel,  Esq.,  South  Parade,  Wakefield 

Micklethwaite,  John,  Esq.,  Ardsley  House,  Barnsley 


XX11 


SUBSCRIBERS. 


Micklethwait,  Nathaniel,  Esq.,  Taverham,  Norwich 

Middleton,  Rev.  F.  G.,  M.A.,  Perpetual  Curate  of  Bembridge 

Middleton,  Peter,  Esq.,  Stockeld  Park,  VVetherby 

Middleton,  Sir  W.  F.  F.,  Bart.,  Shrubland  Park,  near  Ipswich 

MIDDLETON, The  Right  Honourable  Lord 

Middleton,  William,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Leeds 

Midgley,  Rev.  Edward  James,  B^A.,  Medomsley,  Gateshead 

Mildmay,  Lady,  Dogmersfield  Park,  Hants 

Jlillei,  Miss,  Anstey  House,  Alton,  Hants 

Miller,  James,  Esq.,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Milles,  W.H.,  Esq.,  Filleigh,  Chudleigh,  Devon 

Millett,  Charles,  Esq.,  Hill  Place,  Droxford,  Hants 

Millett,  John,  N.  R.,  Esq.,  Penzance 

Millett,  Richard,  Esq.,  Penzanee 

Milligan,  Robert,  Esq.,  Harden,  Bingley 

Milligan,  Robert,  Esq.,  Acacia,  Rawdon,  Leeds 

Millington,  Robert,  Esq.,  Ordsall  House,  Retford 

Mills,  John,  Jun.,  Esq.,  Brandeston  Hall,  near  Framlingbam 

Mills,  Stephen,  Esq.,  Elston  House,  Orcheston  St.  George,  Wilts 

Milne,  James,  Esq.,  Hay  Park,  Polmont,  Falkirk.  N.B. 

Milne,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Vice-Principal  of  the  College,  Huddeis- 

Milne,  Thomas,  Esq.,  VV'arley  House,  Halifax 

Milner,  John  C..,  Esq.,  Thurlstone,  Barnsley 

Milnthorpe,  Thomas,  Esq.,  High  Harrogate 

Minster,  Rev.  Thomas,  B.A.,  Woodsome  Hall,  Huddersiield 

Milverton,  Miss,  Ford  Abbey,  Thorncombe,  Devon 

Milward,  George,  Esq.,  Manor  House,  Lechlade,  Gloucester 

Mitchell,  Eli,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Ossett,  Wakefield 

Mitchell,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Architect,  Sheffield 

Mitchell,  J.,  Esq.,  Wymondham 

Mitchell,  Rev.  Walter,  B.A.,  Attercliffe,  Sheffield 

Mitchell,  W.,Esq.,  Petersfield,  Hants 

Mitford,  Captain  Robert,  R.  N.,  Hunmanby  Hall,  Yorkshire 

Mitton,  Michael  &  Son,  Messrs.,  Solicitors,  Pontefract 

Moffat,  Andrew  Ker,  Esq.,  Beanley,  Alnwick 

Moftatt,  William  Lambric,  Esq.,  Architect,  Doncaster 

Mogg,  Rev.  H.  H.,  M.A.,  Stone-Easton,  Old  Down,  Somerset 

Mogg,  John  Geo.,Esq.,  Manor  House,  Farrington-Gurney,  do. 

Mogg,  William  Rees,  Esq.,  Cholwell  House,  near  Bath 

Molesworth,  Rev.  Hender,  Falmouth,  Cornwall 

Molesworth,  Sir  Wm.,  Bart.,  M.P.,  Pencarrow,  Bodmin,  Cornwall 

Monck,  Charles  Atticus,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Humshaugh  House,  Ilexham 

Monks,  George,  Esq.,  Arundel,  Sussex 

Moor,  Rev.  J.  H.  C.,  Clilton,  near  Rugby 

Moore,  Francis  George,  Esq.,  M.R.C.S.L.,  Rotherham 

Moore,  Samuel,  Esq.,  Nottingham 

Moore,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Architect,  Sunderland 

Moore,  T.  S.,  Esq.,  Warham  All  Saints,  near  Wells 

Moore,  William,  Esq.,  Wychdon  Lodge,  Rugeley,  Staffordshire 

Moorhouse,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Halifax 

Moorhouse,  William,  Esq. .Marine  Villa,  Knottingley,  Ferrybridge 

Moorman,  Josiah,  Esq.,  BexhilJ,  near  St.  Leonard's,  Sussex 

Mordey,  William,  Esq.,  Surgeon,  Bishop-Wearmouth 

More,  Eev.  Robert  H.  Gayer,  Larden  Hall,  near  Wenlock,  Salop 

Morehead,    Rev.  George  Jeffery,  Easington-cum-Liverton,  Gisbo- 

Morehouse,  Sidney,  Esq.,  Morecrcft,  Holmfirth  [rough 

Morey,  John  Egleton,  Esq.,  Doneaster 

Morfitt,  John,  Esq.,  Upper  Bank  House,  Horsforth,  Leeds     [Hants 

Morgan,  Heniy  Mannington,   Esq.,  Houghton  Lodge,  Stockbridge, 

Morgan,  Rev.  Thomas,  Vicarof  Dingestow-with-Tregare,  .M  oninou th 

Morgan,  Wm.,  Esq.,  Woodovis,  near  Tavistock,  Devon 

Morphew,  Rev.  T.  C.,  Terrington,  near  Lynn 

Morrice,  Rev.  William  D.,  B.A.,  Leeds 

Morris,  E.,  Esq.,  High  St.  Cliff,  Lewes 

Morris,  Rev.  George,  M.A.,  Salisbury,  Southampton 

Morris,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Greenside,  Allerton,  Bradford 

Morris,  Rev.  L.  S.,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Thornton,  Skipton 

Morris,  W.  E.,  Esq.,  Churwell,  Leeds 

Morrish,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Greenside,  Allerton,  Bradford 

Morse,  George,  Esq.,  Catton  Park,  near  Norwich 

Mortimer,  John,  Esq.,  Sen.  Surgeon  of  Haslar  Hospital,  Gosport 

Mortlock,  II.,  Esq.,  Caxton,  Cambridgeshire 

Moss,  J.  C.,  Esq.,  Kempston  Lodge,  near  Swaffham 

Mountain,  Rev.  Thomas,  M.A.,  Beighton  Villa,  Sheffield 

MOUNT  SANDFORD,  The  Right  Honourable  Lord, 

Moxon,  Rev.  J.  B.,  Rector  of  Sandringham,  near  Lynn  [shire 

Moxon,  Rev.  William  Charles,  M.A.,  Wintringham,  Brigg,  Lincoln- 

Muir,  Alexander,  Esq.,  Bradford 

Mules,  Charles  Hawkes,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Ilminster,  Somerset 

Mundy,  Charles  J.  H.,  Esq.,  Mavis-Enderby,  Spilsby 

Murgatioyd,  William,  Esq.,  Birks  House,  Bradford 

Murrell,  Gibbs,  Esq.,  Lesingham  House,  Surlinghum,  near  Norwich 

Musgrave,  Simeon,  Esq.,  Kirkstall,  Leeds 


Muskett,  H.,  Esq.,  Clippesby  House,  near  Acle 

Muskett,  J,  S.,  Esq.,  lutwood  Hall,  near  Norwich 

Musters,  Rev.  W.  M.,  Colwick  Rectory,  Nottingham 

Mytton,  H.  G.,  Esq.,  Cleobury  North,  Bridgenorth 

Nairn,  Philip,  Esq.,  Waren  House,  Belford 

Nanney,  Rev.  Hugh,  B.A..  Jarrow  Parsonage,  Gateshead 

Napper,  Edward,  Esq.,  Ifold,  near  Petworth,  Sussex 

Naylor,  Rev.  Martin  Joseph,  D.D.,  Rector  of  Crofton,  Wakeneld 

N.eill,  John,  Esq.,  Manager  of  the  Union  Bank,  Wakefield 

Nell,  David  William,  Esq.,  Leeds 

Nelson,  George  Brooke,  Esq,,  do. 

Nepean,  Rev.  Evan,  Heydon  Rectory,  near  Reepham 

Ness,  John,  Esq.,  Helmsley 

Netherwood,  William,  Esq.,  Skipton 

Nevill,  The  Hon.  and  Rev.  C.,  Vicarage,  East  Grinstead,  Sussex 

Nevio,  Rev.  Thomas,  M.  A,,  Battyeford,  Mirfield,  Dewsbury 

Newbery,  Rev.  Thomas,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Shipley-cum-Heaton, 

Newcastle-upon-Tyne,  District  Bank  of  [Bradford 

Newington,  Charles,  Esq.,  Highlands,  Ticehurst,  Sussex 

Newland,  Major  R.  B.,  Midhurst 

Newlove,  Rev.  R.,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Thorner,  Leeds 

Newman,  Edward,  Esq.,  Creech  Place,  Southwick,  Hants 

Newman,  Edward,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Barnsley 

Newman,  Edwin,  Esq.,  Yeovil,  Somersetshire 

Newman,  Rev.  W.  J.,,  B.A.,  Tankersley,  Barnsley 

Newnham,  Rev.  G.  W.,  Chilcompton,  Old  Down,  Somerset 

Newsam,  Rev,  James,  M.A.,  MiildJeshorough 

Newton,  Henry,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  York 

Newton,  Isaac,  Esq.,  Knaresbonough 

Newton,  Rev,  J.  Farmer,  B.A.,  Kirby-eum-Broughton,  Stokesley 

Newton,  Samuel,  Esq.,  Croxton  Park,  Cambridgeshire 

Newton,  William,  Esq,.,  East  Retford,  Notts 

Niblet,  J,.  D.  Thomas,  Esq.,  Haresfield,  near  Gloucester 

Nicholetts,  John,  Esq.,  South  Petherton,  Somerset 

Nicholls,  Samuel,  jun.,  Esq.,  Bridgenorth,  Salop 

Nicholls,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Axbridge,  Somerset 

Nicholson,  Edward,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Doneaster 

Nicholson,  George  K.,  Esq.,  Ravensdowne,  Berwiek-upon-Tweed 

Nicholson,  Rev.  Henry,  Gjrafton-Underwood,  Kettering 

Nicholson  &  Hett,  Messrs.,  Solicitors,  Brigg  [bridge,  Halifax 

Nicholson,  Rev.  P.  C.,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  St.  James',  Hebden- 

Nicholson,  Captain  Ralph,  Thornton  Park,  Berwick-upon-Tweed 

Nicholson,  Robert,  Esq.,  M.I.C.E.,  Newcastle  upon-Tyne 

Nicholson,  Robert,  Esq.,  Bradford,  Yorkshire 

Nicholson,  Stephen,  Esq.,  Roundhay  Park,  Leeds 

Nickols,  Riehard,  Esq.,  Barnsley 

Nisbett,Marsden,&Co.,  Messrs., Chapel-town  Iron- Works,  Sheffield 

Noakes,  William,  Esq.,  Ticehurst,  Sussex 

NORFOLK,  His  Grace  the  Duke  of 

Norris,  Charles,  Esq.,  St.  John's  House,  Halifax 

Norris,  Rev.  Fred.,  Rector  of  Gransden  Parva,  Caxton 

Norris,  Rev.  George  Poole,  Roseraddock  House,  Liskeard 

Norris,  James  Edward,  Esq.,  Savile  Hall,  Halifax 

NORTHUMBERLAND,  His  Grace  the  Duke  of 

NORWICH,  The  Right  Honourable  the  Lord  Bishop  of 

Nottingham  Subscription  Library 

Nowell,  James,  Esq.,  Quarry  Hill  House,  Dewsbury 

Noyes,  H.  Crine,  Esq.,  Beaulieu,  Hants 

Gates,  Henry,  Esq.,  Spring  House,  Heckmondwike 

Ogle,  Rev.  Edward  C.,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Bedlington,  Morpeth 

Ogle,  Rev.  Wro.  Reynolds,  Meesom  Hall,  Wellington,  Shropshire 

Ogel,  Rev.  J.  S.,  M.A.,  Preb.  Durham,  Kirkley  Hall,  Newcastle 

OJdershaw,  The  Ven.  John,  Archdeacon  of  Norfolk 

Oldroyd,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Dewsbury 

Olive,  Rev.  John,  Vicar  of  Hillingley,  near  Hailsham 

Oliver,  George  C.,  Esq.,  Bramdean  Cottage,  Ahesford 

Oliver,  Royston,  Esq.,  Stansfield,  Todmorden 

Oliver,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Steepleton  House,  Blandford 

Oliver,  William,  Esq.,  Walbottle  Colliery,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Olivier,  Rev.  D.  J.,  Rector  of  Clifton,  Biggleswade 

Olliver,  William,  Esq.,  Courtlands,  near  Worthing 

Ommanney,  Rear-Adml.  Sir  J.  A.,  K.C.B.,  Warblington,  Havant 

ONGLEY,  The  Right  Honourable  Lord 

Onslow,  Hon.  Col.  Crawley,  Upton  House,  Old  Alresford,  Hants 

Ord,  Charles  O.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Stockton-upon-Tees 

Ord,  William,  Esq.,  M.P.,  V\  hitneld  Hall,  Northumberland 

Ojde,  Charles  W.,  Esq.,  Nunnykirk,  Morpeth 

ORDNANCE,  Her  Majesty's  Honourable  Board  of 

Orger,  Rev.  William,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Shirley,  Southampton 

Ornsby,  Henry  W.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Dailingtou 

Orven,  Henry,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Worksop,"  Notts 

Osborne,  Rev.  Edward,  M.A.,  Hook  Cottage,  Horndean,  Hants 

Osborne,  Rev.  George,  M.A.,  Stainby,  Colstersworth 


SUBSCRIBERS. 


XXlll 


Ostler  and  Sons,  Messrs.,  Grantham 

Otter,  Rev.  W.  Bruere,  Vicar  of  Cowfold,  near  Horsham,  Sussex 
Overend,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Kirkburton,  Huddersfield 
Overend,  Wilson,  Esq.,  J.  P.,  Sheffield 

Overman,  J.  R.,  Esq.,  Burnham-Sulton,  near  Burnham-Westgate 
Overton,  Rev.  C.,  Cottingham,  Kingston-upon-Hull 
Overton,  Henry,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  York 
Owen,  Henry,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Worksop 
Owston,  Robert,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Brigg,  Lincolnshire 
Oxley,  George,  E.sq.,  Park  Place,  Bradford 
Oxley, -John,  Esq.,  Moorgate,  Rotherham 
Oxley,  John  Fox,  Esq.,  Askerne,  Yorkshire 
Oxtoby,  W.  Christopher,  Esq.,  New  Road,  Driffield 
Paddon,  John,  Esq.,  Fareham,  Hants 
Padwick,  William,  Esq.,  Manor  House,  Hayling,  Hants 
Pagan,  Rev.  Samuel,  M.A.,  Stanningley,  Leeds 
Page,  C.T.,  Esq.,  Stiffkey  Old  Hall,  near  Wells,  Norfolk 
Page,  Robert,  Esq.,  Charlton-Mackrel,  Somerton,  Somerset 
Paget,  Rev.  Edward,  M.A.,  Fair  Oak  Lodge,  Petersfield,  Hants 
Paige,  Rev.  Lewis,  M.A.,  Hartlepool,  Durham 
Pain,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Winchester 
Paley,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Bowling  Hall,  Bradford 
Paley,  Rev.  James,  Vicar  of  Lacock,  Chippenham,  Wilts 
Palin,  Mr.  William,  Gherrington,  near  Newport,  Salop 
Palmer,  Rev.  Dr.,  Yarcombe,  Chard,  Somerset  [Tyne 

Palmer,  Charles  M.,  Esq.,  St.  Mary's  Terrace,  Newcastle-upon- 
Parfett,  W.  B.,  Esq.,  Eversley,  Hants 

Park,  Rev.  James  Allan,  M.A.,  Elwick  Hall,  Stockton-upon-Tees 
Parker,  Rev.  C.  F.,  Rector  of  Ringshall,  Needham-Market 
Parker,  George,  Esq.,  Bixley,  Norwich 
Parker,  Rev.  Henry,  M.A.,  Rtctor  of  Ilderton,  Wooler 
Parker,  Hugh,  jun.,  Esq.,  Gannow  Hill,  &  of  Woodthorpe,  Sheffield 
Parker,  John,  Esq.,  M.P.,  Woodthorpe,  Sheffield 
Parker,  Samuel,  Esq.,  Low  Elswick,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Parker,  Capt.  W.,  Clopton  Hall,  Woolpit,  near  Stow  Market 
Parker,  Rev.  W.Harris,  M.A.,  Newport,  Isle  of  Wight 
Parkes,  Thos.  Wm.,  Esq.,  Verulam  Buildings,  Gray's  Inn,  London 
Parkin,  Rev.  John,  Halton  Parsonage,  near  Hastings 
Parkin,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Blyth,  Nottinghamshire 
Parkinson,  Rev.  A.  M.,  B.A.,  Cawthome,  Barnsley 
Parkyns,  G.,  Esq.,  Chediston  Park,  near  Halesworth 
Parry,  Rev.  John  Peers,  M.A.,  Bothal  Park,  Morpeth 
Parsley,  Samuel,  Esq.,  Worle,  Somerset 
Parsons,  Rev.  Henry,  Rector  of  Goathurst,  Somerset 
Patchett,  John  T.,  Esq.,  Union  Bank,  Halifax 
Patrent,  Ambrose,  Esq.,  Gorton  House,  Heytesbury,  Wilts 
Pattinson,  Hugh  Lee,  Esq.,  Gateshead,  Durham 
Pattinson,  William  Watson,  Esq.,  Felling,  Gateshead 
Patton,  William,  Esq.,  Devonshaw  House,  Dollar 
Paver,  Christopher,  Esq.,  Peckfield,  Selby 
Paver,  Rev.  Richard,  Vicar  of  Bray  ton,  do. 
Paul,  G.  R.,  Esq.,  Portland  Lodge,  Worthing 
Paull,  Matthew,  Esq.,  Compton-Pauncefoot,  Wincanton 
Pawson,  William,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Mayor  of  Leeds,  1842,  Lawns  House, 

[Farnley,  Leeds 

Pawson,  W.,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Shawdon  Hall,  Alnwick.  Northumberland 
Payne,  John,  Esq.,  The  Cottage,  Milverton,  Somerset 
Payne,  Richard  Ecroyd,  Esq.,  Roundhay,  Leeds 
Peachey,  Rev.  John,  Ebernoe,  Kirdford,  near  Petworth,  Sussex 
Peacock,  Anthony,  Esq.,  Rauceby.rear  Sleaford,  Lincolnshire 
Peacock,  John  S.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Darlington 
Pearce,  Francis,  Esq.,  Hadley  Lodge,  Wellington,  Salop 
Pearse,  Rev.  William,  Fairlight,  near  Hastings,  Sussex 
Pearson,  Rev.  C.  James,  B. A. .Incumbent  of  St.  John's,  Bradford 
Pearson,  Rev.  John,  Garencieres,  Little  Staughton,  Bedfordshire 
Pearson,  Matthew,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Selby 
Pearson,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Croslands,  Lockwood,  Huddersfield 
Pearson,  Rev.  William,  M.A.,  Norton  Parsonage,  Sheffield 
Pease,  Rev.  G.,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Darrington,  Ponttfract 
Peckover,  Daniel,  Esq.,  Woodhall,  Calverley,  Bradford 
Peel,  Lawrence,  Esq.,  Sussex  Square,  Kemptown,  Brighton 
Peel,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Trenant  Park,  Looe,  Cornwall 
Peirson,  John,  Esq.,  Thornton  Fields,  Guisborough 
Peirson,  John,  Esq.,  Guildhall,  Framlingham 
Pelham,  Hon.  and  Rev.  J.  F.,  Rector  of  Bergh-Apton,  Norwich 
Pellelt,  Michael,  Esq.,  Arundel,  Sussex 
Pemberton,  Ralph  S..  Esq.,  Usworth  House,  Gateshead 
Ptmberton,  Richard,  Esq.,  Barnes,  Sunderland 
Pendarves,  Edward  W.  W.,  Esq.,  M.P.,  Pendarves,  Cornwall 
Penrice,  Rev.  Charles,  Rector  of  Little  Plumstead,  near  Norwich 
Perigal,  Rev.  Charles,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Ellingham,  Alnwick 
Perkins  &  Backhouse,  Messrs.,  Architects,  Leeds 
Perks,  John,  Esq.,  Buiton-upoii-Trent,  Staffordshire 


Perring,  J.  P.,  Esq.,  Combe-Florey,  near  Taunton,  Somerset 
Perry,  Rev.  Edward,  Vicar  of  Llangattock-Vibon-Abel,  Monmouth 
Peters,  John  Weston,  Esq.,  Bridge,  South  Petherton,  Somerset 
Pettigrew,  Rev.  Augustus  F.,  B.A.,  Bishop- Wearmouth, 
Peyton,  Sir  Henry,  Bart.,  Swifts  House,  Oxon 
Phayre,  Rev.  Richard,  West  Raynham  Rectory,  near  Rougham 
Pliear,  Rev.  John,  Earl-Stonham  Rectory,  Stouham 
Phillimore,  Rev.  Robert,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Shipton- under- Wychwood 
Phillips,  George,  Esq.,  Brockton,  near  Shiffnall,  Salop 
Phillips,  Rev.  Herbert,  M.A.,  Rector  and  Vicar  of  Folklon,  Hun- 
Phillips,  John  Lort,  Esq.,  Staindrop,  Darlington  [manby 
Phillips,  Rev.  John  M.,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Skidbrooke,  Louth 
Phillips,  T.  Bentley,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Beverley 
Phillips,  Thomas  John,  Esq.,  Landue,  Launceston 
Phillips,  Rev.  W.  J.  G.,  A.M.,  Vicar  of  Eling,  Hants 
Pickcup,  Mark,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Bradford 

Piele,  Rev.  T.  W.,  Head  Master  of  Repton  School,  Burton-on-Trent 
Pierce,  William,  Esq.,  Leominster,  Herefordshire 
Pierson,  Sir  W.  H.,  Km.,  Emsworth,  near  Chichester 
Pighills,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Appeiley  Bridge,  Bradford 
Pigott,  Francis,  Esq.,  Heckfield,  Hants 

Pilkington,  Captain,  R.N.,  Halnaker  Cottage,  near  Chichester 
Filling,  Albert,  Esq.,  Westfield,  Huddersfield 
Pinckney,  P.,  Esq.,  Wilsford  House,  Wilts 
Piper,  Stephen  Edward,  Esq.,  Darlington 

Pippet,  George,  Esq.,  National  Provincial  Bank  of  England,  Bar- 
Pitman,  Harry  H.,  Esq.,  Exeter  [nard-Castle 
Pitman,  Rev.  Samuel,  Oulton  Hall,  Aylsham 
Pix,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Woodside,  Peasmarsh,  near  Rye 
Platt,  Alexander,  Esq.,  Worcester  College,  Oxford 
Platt,  George  E.  Esq.,  Denne  Park,  near  Horsham 
Player,  G.,  Esq.,  Ryde,  Isle  of  Wight 
Plowman,  Thomas,  Esq.,  North  Curry,  near  Taunton 
Plues,  Samuel  Swire,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Ripon 
Plumer,  Rev.  Chailes  John,  M.A.,  Norton,  Stockton-upon-Tees 
Plummer,  Matthew,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Sheriffhill  House,  Gateshead  Fell 
Pocock,  Rev.  G.,  Vicar  of  Hailsham,  Sussex 
Pollard,  George  Thomas,  Esq.,  Stannary  Hall,  Halifax 
Pollard,  Joshua,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Crow  Trees,  Bradford 
Pollen,  Sir  John,  Bart.,  Redenham,  Andover,  Hants 
Pollit,  Thomas,  jun.,  Broadgaces,  Halifax 
PollocJc,  James,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Gateshead,  Durham 
Poole,  Charles,  Esq.,  Height  House,  Pudsey,  Leeds 
Poole,  Francis,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Hartlepool 
Pope,  Rev.  Benjamin,  Vicarage,  Nether  Stowey,  Bridgwater 
Pope,  John,  Esq.,  Symondsbury,  Bridport 
Popham,  C.  Wallis,  Esq.,  Trevarno,  Helston,  Cornwall 
Popplewell,  William,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  South  Cave,  Hull 
Portal,  John,  Esq.,  Freefolk-Priors,  Overton,  Hants 
Portal,  William,  Esq.,  Laverstoke,  Hants 

Porteous,  James  Alison,  Esq.,  Tilgate  Lodge,  near  Crawley,  Sussex 
Porr,  Rev.  George,  M.A.,  Monk-Sherborne.  Basingstnke 
Porter,  Charles,  Esq.,  Spital  Tongues  House,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Porter,  Richard,  Esq.,  Quay  Mills,  Fareham,  Hants 
Porter,  William  Henry,  Esq.,  Dunston,  Gateshead 
Potchett,  Rev.  Brownlow,  Great  Ponton  Rectory,  nearGrantham 
Potter,  Archibald  Gilchrist,  Esq.,   Walbottle  House,  Newcastle- 
Potter,  Edward,  Esq.,  South  Helton,  Durham  [upon-Tyne 
Potter,  H.  G.,  Esq.,  Jesmond  High  Terrace,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Potts,  Rev.  James,  B.A.,  Whorlton,  Barnard-Castle,  Durham 
Potts,  John,  Esq.,  J.  P.,  Benton  Park,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
POULETT,  The  Right  Honourable  the  Earl 
Poulton,  William,  Esq.,  The  College,  Huddersfield 
Powell,  Rev.  Henry  W.,  M.A.,  Laceby,  Brigg 
Powell,  James,  Esq.,  Chichester" 
Powell,  Rev.  Richmond,  Boxgrove,  near  Chichester 
Powell,  William  H.,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Fareham,  Hants 
Powley,  Rev.  J.,  M.A.,  Legbourn,  Louth 
Powney,  Captain  John,  Orizava,  Chudleigh,  Devon 
Powney,  Rev.  Henry,  M.A.,  Over  Wallop,  Hants 
Poyner,  Henry,  Esq.,  Hadley,  near  Wellington,  Salop 
Pratt,  William  Dodd,  Esq.,  Architect,  Sunderland 
Pratt,  Mr.  Samuel,  Taverham  Church  Farm,  near  Norwich 
Prescott,  Rev.  I.  Philip,  B.A.,  Romsey,  Hants 
Prest,  John,  Esq.,  York 

Preston,  Rev.  H.  Edmund,  Tasburgh  Rectory,  near  Long  Stratton 
Preston,  John,  Esq.,  Mearbeck,  Settle 
Preston,  Thomas  Baynes,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Skipton 
Preston,  Rev.  William,   M.A.,   Rector  of  Bulmer,  and  Vicar  of 
Pretor,  Samuel,  Es^.,  Sherborne  House  [Whenby,  Yorkshire 

Price,  Charles,  Esq.,  Tenbury,  Salop 

Prickett,  Rev.  Josiah  J.,  B.A.,  South  Cave,  Kingston-upon-Hull 
Pridham,  George,  Esq.,  Plymouth 


XXIV 


SUBSCRIBERS. 


Prime,  Richard,  Esq.,  Walberton  House,  near  Arundel 

Prior,  Rev.  Henry,  B.A.,  Saxton,  Tadcaster 

Pritchard,  George,  Esq.,  Broseley,  Salop 

Procter,  Rev.  Aislabie,  A.B.,  Alwinton,  Rothbury 

Procter,  Rev.  William,  B.C.L.,  Vicar  of  Bishop  Burton,  Beverley 

Procter,  Rev.  William,  M.A.,  Doddington,  Wooler 

Proctor,  Rev.  George,  D.D.,  Chichester  House,  Brighton 

Proctor,  Sir  W.  B.,  Bart.,  Langley  Park,  Loddon,  near  Norwich 

Protheroe,  Rev.  T.,  M.A.,  Wimerslow,  Wilts 

Prower,  Rev.  John  Merwin,  Vicar  of  Purton,  do. 

Pryce,  S.  D.,  Esq.,  Redruth,  Cornwall 

Pullein,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Kirkthorpe,  Wakefield 

Pulley,  Rev.   William,  Hawnes  Vicarage,  Ampthill,  Bedfordshire 

Pulleyne,  Rev.  Benjamin,  A.M.,  Vicar  of  Sheringham,  Holt 

Pulteney,  John,  Esq.,  Northerwood,  Lyndhurst,  Hants 

Pumfrett,  George  Belts,  Esq.,  Huntingdon 

Purcell,  Rev.  Jas.  G.,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Worminghall,  Thame,  Oxon 

Punly,  Robert,  Esq.,  Salthouse,  near  Cley,  Norfolk 

Purton,  Thomas  Pardoe,  Esq.,  Fairtree,  Bridgenorth 

Putsey,  Rev.  William,  Incumbent  of  Kirk-Leavington,  Yarm 

Pycock,  Rev.  Joseph,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Morley,  near  Leeds 

Pym,  Francis,  Esq.,  The  Hasells,  Biggleswade 

Pym,  Rev.  Robert,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Elmley,  Wakefield 

Pym,  Rear- Admiral  Sir  Samuel,  Loosleys,  Tamerton,  Devon 

Quick,  James,  Esq.,  Southampton 

Quick,  John,  Esq.,  Newton  House,  Devon 

Raban,  William,  Esq.,  Hatch- Beauchamp,  near  Taunton 

Rabett,  Rev.  Reginald,  Bramfield  Hall,  near  Halesworth 

Radclyffe,  Rev.  Henry  Clifford,  B.A.,  Nun-Monkton,  York 

Raine,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Blyth,  Nottinghamshire 

Raines,  Rev.  Charles  Alfred,  B.A.,  J arrow,  Gateshead 

Ram,  Rev.  Abel  John,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  the  Minster,  Beverley 

Ramsay,  Geo.  Heppel,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Derwent  Villa,  Newcastle- upon- 

Ramsay,  Ralph,  Esq.,  Scotswood,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne         ['''yn€ 

Ramsden,  Rev.  Edward,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Bradshaw,  Halifax 

Ramsden,  Robert,  Esq.,  Carlton  Hall,  Worksop,  Notts 

Ramshaw,  Rev.  Christopher,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Fewston,  Otley 

Ramskill,  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Pontefract 

Rand,  John,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Wheatley  Hall,  Bradford 

Randall,  Rev.  J.,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Hawley,  Hants 

Randolph,  Rev.  Charles,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Kimpton,  Andover 

Randolph,  James,  Esq.,  Milverton,  Somerset 

Ransom,  John,  Esq.,  Holt,  Norfolk 

Ranson,  George  Smith,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Sunderland 

Raven,  John,  Esq.,  Summerfield,  near  Docking,  Norfolk 

Ravenshaw,  Rev.  Edward,  Rector  of  West  Kington,  Chippenham 

RAVENSWORTH,  The  Right  Honourable  Lord 

Rawlings,  Rev.  James,  M.A.,  Rector  of  St.  Pinnock,  Cornwall 

Rawlins,  Rev.  Christopher,   Vicar  of  Thornton  cum   Alleilhorpe, 

Rawlins,  George,  Esq.,  Woolverton  Park,  Hants          [Pocklington 

Rawson,  Christopher, Esq.,  Hope  House,  Halifax 

Rawson,  Edward,  Esq.,  Ash  Grove,  do. 

Rawson,  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Bradford 

Rawson,  Thomas  W.,  Esq.,  Belvedere,  Bradford 

Rawson,  George,  Esq.,  Nottingham  do. 

Rawstorne,  Walker,  Esq.,  Architect, 

Raymond,  Rev.  G.,  Rector  of  Symondsbury,  Bridport    [upon-Tees 

Raymond,  Rev.  Jn.  Mayne  St.  Clere.M.A.,  Norton,  nearStockton- 

Rayne,  Charles,  Carville  House,  Walls  End,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Rayner,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Sheffield 

Rayson,  Robert,  Esq.,  Stockton- upon-Tees 

Rea,  James,  Esq.,  North  Middleton,  Wooler 

Read,  Henry,  Esq.,  Worlingham,  near  Beccles 

Read,  Mr.  James  B.,  Penryn,  Cornwall 

Read,  J.  Offley  Crewe,  Esq.,  Laverton  House,  Southampton 

Read,  John,  Esq.,  Derwent  Hall,  Sheffield 

Read,  Rev.  Thos.  Fr.  R.,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Full-Sutton,  Pocklington 

Read,  W.  H.  Rudston,  Esq.,M.A.,  F.L.S.,  J.P.,Hayton,       do. 

Reade,  Rev.  R.,  B.A.,  Rector  of  Romaldkirk,  Barnard- Castle 

Ready,  Rev.  H.,  Rector  of  Waxham,  near  Stalham,  Norfolk 

Redgrave,  Mark,  Esq.,  Catton  Lodge,  Norwich 

Redmayne,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Taitlands,  Stainforth,  Settle 

Reed,  Rev.  Christopher,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Tynemouth 

Reed,  George,  Esq.,  Manor  House,  Burnham,  Bridgwater 

Reed,  Henry  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

RCPS,  Rev.  Samuel,  Vicar  of  Horsey,  North  Walsham 

Register,  the  General,  Office  for  Births,  Marriages,  and  Deaths 

Reid,  Jarnes,  Esq.,  Shieldneld,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Rennoldson,  John,  Esq.,  Jesmond  Grove,  do. 

Reynard,  Charles,  Esq.,  Hob  Green,  Ripley 

Reynolds,  William,  Esq.,  Trevenson,  Redruth,  Cornwall 

Rhoades,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Chichester 

Rhodes,  Rev.  James  Armitage,  M.A.,  J.P.,  Horsforth  Hall,  Leeds 


Rice,  Rev.  Francis  W.,  B.A.,  Vicar  of  Fairford,  Gloucestershire 

Rice,  Henry,  Esq.,  Newport,  Isle  of  Wight 

Rice,  Howard,  Esq.,  Stoneham  Cottage,  Highfield,  Southampton 

Richards,  J.  W.,  Esq.,  Stapleton,  Martock,  Somerset 

Richards,  Rev.  S.  More,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Thorpe,  Rotherham 

Richards,  Rev.  Thos.,  Vicar  of  Ickleshmn,  near  Winchelsea,  Sussex 

Richards,  Rev.  William,  A.M.,  Reading,  Berks 

Richardson,  Rear-Admiral  Sir  C.,  K.C.B.,  Painsthorpe,  Pocklington 

Richardson,  Col.,  Life  Guards,  Blue,  Fulford  House,  York 

Richardson,  John,  Esq.,  Heydon,  near  Reepham,  Norfolk 

Richardson,  Jonathan,  Esq.,  Shotley  Bridge,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Richardson,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Eden  Vale,  Castle  Eden,  Durham 

Richardson,  Rev.  William,  M.A.,  Sherburn  House,        do. 

Richardson,  Wormley  E.,  Esq.,  Riccall  Hall,  Selby,  Yorkshire 

Richardson,  W.  W.,  Esq.,  Fincion  Place,  near  Worthing 

Richmond,  Rev.  G.,  M.A.,  Grammar  School,  Haydon  Bridge 

Ricketts,  G.  R.G.,  Esq.,  Woodside,  North  Stoneham,  Southampton 

Rickman,  John,  Esq.,  Willingham,  near  Lewes  [Tyne 

Riddell,  Edward,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Cheeseburn  Grange,  Newcastle-upon- 

Ridding,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Hawthorn  Cottage,  Southampton 

Ridehalgh,  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Brigroyd,  Halifax 

Ridehalgh,  Richard,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Bradford 

Ridge,  William,  Esq.,  Stoneham,  near  Lewes 

Ridley,  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Ridley,  John,  Esq.,  Alderman  &  J.P.,      do. 

Ridley,  John,  Esq.,  Park  End  House,  Hexham 

Ridley,  Sir  Mathew  W'hite,  Bart.,  Blagdon,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Ridley,  Samuel,  Esq.,  Shieldfield,  do. 

Ridley,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  do. 

Ridsdale,  George,  Esq.,  Old  Hall,  Wakefield 

Ridsdale,  John,  Esq.,  North  Grove,  Wetherby  [Driffield 

Rigby,  Rev.  J.,  Vicar  of  Hutton-Cranswick,  &  P.C.  of  Beswick, 

Riley,  John,  Esq.,  Hawksclough,  Hebden  Bridge 

Ripley,  Edward,  Esq.,  Lodge,  Bowling,  Bradford 

Ripley,  George  Bates,  Esq.,          do.  do. 

Rippingall,  Rev.  S.  Frost,  Langham,  near  Holt,  Norfolk 

Rippon,  George,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Water- Ville,  North  Shields 

Rising,  William,  Esq.,  Somerton  Hall,  Yarmouth 

Ritso,  F.  Esq.,  Cley  Hall,  near  Holt 

Ritso,  Captain  John,  South  Parade,  Doncaster 

Robb,  Major  F.  C.,  E.I.C.S.,  Woolston  Lawn,  Southampton 

Roberson,  Rev.  F.  Berners,  M. A. .Ovingham, Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Roberson,  Henry,  Esq.,  Healds  Flail,  Liversedge,  Leeds 

Robert,  Joseph  Edward,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Delph,  Saddleworth 

Roberts,  Rev.  George,  Vicar  of  Monmouth 

Robertson,  Rev.  Ebenezer,  Rector  of  Mottiston,  Isle  of  Wight 

Robertson,  George,  Esq.,  Thornton  Dale,  Pickering 

Robins,  Foster,  and  Co.,  Messrs.,  East  Cornwall  Bank,  Liskeard 

Robins,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Liskeard,  Cornwall 

Robinson,  Benjamin,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Rotherham 

Robinson,  Benjamin,  Lane,  Huddersfield 

Robinson,  Rev.  Christopher,  M.A.  &  J.P.,  Kirknewton,  Wooler 

Robinson,  Edward,  jun.,  Esq.,  Newport,  Isle  of  Wight 

Robinson,  George,  Esq.,  Houghton-le-Spring 

Robinson,  George,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Rotherham 

Robinson,  Rev.  (J.  Alington,  B.A.,  Hector  of  Irby-upon-Humber 

Robinson,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Rectory,  Bentham,  Settle 

Robinson,  John,  Esq.,  Craven  Bank,  Skipton 

Robinson,  John,  Esq.,  South  fields 

Robinson,  John  E.,  Esq.,  Coatham,  Guisborough 

Robinson,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Huddeisfield 

Robinson,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Potternewton  &  Leeds 

Robinson,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Darlington 

Robinson,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Harrogate 

Robinson,  W.  Robinson,  Esq.,  Silksworth  Hall,  Sunderland 

Robinson,  Rev.  W.  B.,  Rector  of  Littlington,  Lewes 

Robson,  Edward,  Esq.,  Swalwell,  Gateshead 

Robson,  Rev.  Js.,  M.A.  &  J.P.,  Ponteland,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Robson,  John,  Esq.,  Hetton,  Durham 

Robson,  John,  Esq.,  Monk-Wearmouth  [Bridge 

Robson,  Rev.  John  Evans,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Hartwith,  Pateley 

Robson,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Gateshead  Park,  Durham 

Robson,  Thomas,  Esq.,  The  Heath,  Halifax 

Rodwell,  George,  Esq.,  Burnham- Deepdale,  Norfolk 

Rodgers,  Rev.  Chailes  Eboral,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Harworth,  Bawtry 

Rodgers  &  Sons,  Messrs.  Joseph,  Cutlers,  Sheffield,  Yorkshire 

Rogers,  Arundel,  Esq.,  Helston,  Cornwall 

Rogers,  Henry,  Esq.,  Thetford 

Rogers,  John  Jenkins,  Esq.,  Huntspill  Court,  Bridgwater 

Rogers,  Rev.  J.  M.A.,  Canon  of  Exeter,  Penrose,  Cornwall 

Rogers,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Cross  Flatts  House,  Beeston,  Leeds 

Rogers,  Rev.  R.  G.,  Rector  of  Yailington,  Somerset 

Rogers,  Lieutenant-Colonel  W.  Cooper,  Highfield,  Southampton 


SUBSCRIBERS. 


XXV 


Rogerson,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Grove  House,  Bramley  ;  &  Leeds 
Rokeby,  Langham,  Esq.,  Arthingworth  Hall,  Northampton 
Rolfe,  Rev.  S.  C.'E.  N.,  Vicar  of  Heacham,  Heacharn  Hall,  near 
Romney,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Cramlington,  Newcastle-upori-Tyne 
Roolce,  Rev.  Willoughby,  M.A.,  Old  Alresford,  Hants 
Roots,  Ur.  William,  Surbiton,  Kingston- upon-Thames 
Roper,  John,  Esq.,  York 
Roper,  Rev.  T.  A.,  Clifton,  Nottingham 
Roper,  Rev.  T.  R.,  Wick  Hill  House,  Hove,  near  Brighton 
Rose,  J.  C.,  Esq.,  Cransley  Hall,  near  Kettering 
Rose,  Sir-George,  Bart.,  M.P.,  Christchurch,  Hants  [House,  Settle 
Roughsedge,  Hornby,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Foxghyll,  Ambleside;  &  Bentham 
Roundell,  Richard  Henry,  Esq.,  J.P.,Gledstone,  Skipton 
Rous,  Rev.  George,  Rector  of  Laverton,  Somersetshire 
Rouse,  Joshua,  Esq.,  Barkisland,  Halifax 
Rowden,  Rev.  F.  Marmaduke,  B.A.,  Highworth,  Wilts 
Rowden,  Mr.  John,  Heytesbury,  Wilts 
Rowell,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Mayor  of  Hartlepool  in  1843 
Rowley,  Rev.  Thomas,  D.D.,  Bridgenorth,  Salop 
Roxby,  James  William,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Ogle  Terrace,  South  Shields 
Royle,  Rev.  John,  Rector  of  Compton-Martin,  Somersetshire 
Royston,  Aquila  E.,  Esq.,  West  Parade,  Halifax 
Rudd,  Rev.  Edward,  D.D.,  Trebartha  Hall,  Cornwall 
Rudd,  J.  B.,  Esq.,  Guisborough 

Rumbold,  C.  E.,  Esq.,  M.P.,  Preston-Candover,  Hants 
Russ,  Harry,  Esq.,  Castle-Carey,  Somerset 
Russell,  David,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  York 

Russell,  Rev.  H.  V.,  Stottesden  Vicarage,  near  Cleobury-Mortimer, 
Russell,  Samuel,  Esq.,  Blyth,  Nottinghamshire  [Salop 

Russell,  Messrs.  Thomas  A.  &  James,  Solicitors,  Alnwick 
Rutherford,  Andr.,  Esq.,  M.P.,  Craigie  Hall,  Cramond,  Edinburgh 
Rutland,  Mrs.  Margaret,  Testerton  House,  near  Fakenham 
Ryall,  William,  Esq.,  Butleigh,  Somerset 

Ryder,  Rev.  George  Dudley,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Easton,  Winchester 
Ryle,  Matthew,  Esq.,  Herrington  Hill,  Houghton-le-Spring 
Sabben,  Rev.  James,  M.A.,  Rector  of  St.  Denis,  York 
Sadler,  John,  Esq.,  Percy  Banks,  North  Shields 
Sadler,  Joseph,  Esq.,  \Vinterton,  Lincolnshire 
Saint  Andrews,  University  of,  Scotland 
Sainsbury,  Rev.  Henry,  Rector  of  Beckington,  Somersetshire 
Sainsbury,  Rev.  Langford,  M.A.,  Froyle  Parsonage,  Alton,  Hants 
Salt,  Titus.  Esq.,  Bradford 
Salter,  Richard,  Esq.,  Arundel,  Sussex 
Salter,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Attleburgh  Hall,  Norfolk 
Salter,  Thomas  Bell,  Esq.,  M.D.,  and  F.L.S.,  Ryde,  Isle  of  Wight 
Salter,  W.  P.,  Esq.,  New  Hall  Farm,  Whinburgh,  Norfolk 
Sampson,  Rev.  T.,  M.A.,  Eakring  Rectory,  Ollerton,  Notts 
Sanctuary,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Worthing,  Sussex 
Sanders,  Samuel,  Esq.,  Fernhill  Park,  Isle  of  Wight 
Sanderson,  John,  Esq.,  New  Hall,  Attercliffe,  Sheffield 
Sanderson,  R.  Esq.,  Gunton  Park,  and  Belgrave  Square,  London 
Sanderson,  R.  Burdon,  jun.,  Esq.,  West  Jesmond,  Newcastle 
Sandford,  Charles  S.  R.,  Esq.,  Northfield  House,  Rotherham 
Sandford,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Dunchurch 
Sandys,  Carne,  and  Vivian,  Messrs.,  Hayle,  Penzance 
Savage,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Midsomer-Norton,  Somerset 
Sawle,  Sir  J.  S.  Graves,  Bart.,  Peurice,  St.  Austell,  Cornwall 
Say,  Rev.  Henry,  Swatfham,  Norfolk 
Scarbrough,  John,  Esq.,  Wintringham,  Brigg 
Scatchard,  John,  Esq.,  East  Keswick,  Harewood,  Yorkshire 
Scatcherd,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Boston,  Tadcaster 
Schobell,  Rev.  John  Samuel,  B.A.,  Vicar  of  St.  Kew,  Cornwall 
Scholefield,  Michael,  Esq.,  Manor  House,  Temple-Newsom,  Leeds 
Scholefield,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Ivy  House,  Leeds 
Scholefield,  William,  Esq.,  Batley  House,  Baildon,  Bradford 
Scholes,  Joseph  Seddon,  Esq.,  Slaithwaite,  Huddersfield 
Scholfield,  E.,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Doncaster 

Scholfield,  William,  Esq.,  Sand  Hall,  Howden      [Steyning,  Sussex 
Schomberg,  Rev.  Alexander  William,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Edburtcn 
Scott,  Carteret  George,  Esq.,  Malleny,  Currie,  Edinburgh 
Scott,  Rev.  E.,  St.  John's  Parsonage,  Wakefield,  Yorkshire 
Scott,  Rev.  George  Henry,  M.A.,  Ifield,  near  Crawley,  Sussex 
Scott,  Henry  E.,  Esq.,  Manchester  &  Leeds  Railway,  Wakefield 
Scott,  John,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Sunderland 
Scott,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Badsworth  Hall,  Yorkshire 
Scott,  Richard,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Sunderland 
Scott,  Rev.  Walter,  S.T.P.,  Airedale  College,  Bradford 
Scott,  W.  L.  Fenton,  Esq.,  J.P.,  \Vood  Hall,  Wetherby 
Scroggs,  Lieut.-Col.,  Standen,  Chute,  Wilts 
Scurfield,  Robert,  jun.,  Esq.,  Sunderland 
Scutt,  Thomas  W.,  Esq.,  Lewes,  Sussex 
Seagram,  E.  F.,  Esq.,  Bratton  House,  Westbury,  Wilts 
Seagram,  W.  F.,  Esq.,  Warminster 
VOL.  I. 


Seagrave,  Rev.  S.  Young,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Westcott  Barton,  Oxon 
Seaton,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Cleckheaton,  Leeds 
Sedgwick,  Rev.  Joseph,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Scalby,  Scarborough 
Selby,  Prideaux,  Esq.,  Swansfield,  Alnwick 
Selby,  Prideaux  J.,  Esq.,  Twizell  House,  Belford,  Durham 
Semple,  George,  Esq.,  Shipley  Hall,  Bradford 
Senior,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Dalton  Ledge,  Huddersfield 
Senior,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Batley,  Dewsbury 
Seppings,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Whitehall,  Syderstone,  Fakenham 
Seppings,  William,  Esq.,  Lynn 

Sergeantson,  Rev.  R.  J.,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Snaith,  Yorkshire 
Settle,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Oxford  Street,  Leeds 
Sewell,  Messrs.,  Newport,  Isle  of  Wight 
Seymour,  Capt.  Michael,  R.N.,  Cadlington,  Horndean,  Hants 
Seymour,  George  Hicks,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  York 
Sh'ackleton,  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Leeds 

Shadwell,  W.  Lucas,  Esq.,  Hastings,  Sussex  [Durham 

Shafto,  Rev.  Arthur  Duncombe,  Jun.,  M.A.,  Houghton-le-Spring, 
Sharp,  David  Wilkinson,  Esq.,  Bingley,  Yorkshire 
Sharp,  Rev.  John,  D.D.,  Vicar  of  Doncaster 
Sharp,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Horbury,  Wrakefield 
Sharpe,  Samuel,  Esq.,  Docking,  Rougham,  Norfolk 
Shattock,  John,  Esq.,  Bishop's-Lydeard,  Taunton 
Shaw,  Benjamin  L.,  Esq.,  Honley,  Huddersfield 
Shaw,  William,  Esq.,  Miluthorp  Cottage,  Wakefield 
Shaw,  William,  Esq.,  Seed  Hill,  Holmfirth,  Yorkshire 
Shaw,  Mr.  W.,  St.  John's  Common,  Keymer,  near  Brighton 
Shebbear,  Joseph  Charles,  Esq.,  Basingstoke 
Shedden,  Captain  Lewis,  Bittern  Manor  House,  Southampton 
Sheepshanks,  The  Rev.  and  Ven.  John,  Archdeacon  of  Cornwall 
SHEFFIELD,  The  Right  Honourable  the  Earl  of 
Shelley,  John  Villiers,  Esq.,  Maresfield  Park,  near  Uckfield,  Sussex 
Shelley,  Sir  Thomas,  Bart.,  Field  Place,  near  Horsham 
Shelton,  Charles  Jackson,  Esq.,  Bradford 
Shephard,  John,  Esq.,  Doctors  Commons,  London 
Shepherd,  John,  jun.,  Esq.,  St.  Mark's  Villa,  Woodhouse,  Leeds 
Shepherd,  R.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Driffield 
Shepherd,  Rev.  Robert,  M.A.,  Houghton-le-Spring 
Shepherd,  Rev.  Samuel,  B.A.,  North  Somercoates,  Louth 
Shepherd  &  Simpson,  Messrs.,  Solicitors,  Beverley 
Shepherd,  Rev.  Thomas  H.,  Rector  of  Clayworth,  Bawtry 
Shepherd,  William,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Barnsley 
Sheppard,  George,  Esq.,  Fromefield  House,  near  Frome,  Somerset 
Sheppard,  SirThomas  Cotton,  Bart.,  Crakemarsh  Hall,  Uttoxeter 
Sherard,  Philip  Castel,  Esq.,  Glaton,  near  Stilton,  Hunts 
Shei borne,  King's  School  Library 

Sheriffe,  Rev.  T.,  jun.,  M.A.,  Henstead  Hall,  Wrentham,  Suffolk 
Sherson,  Rev.  Robert,  M.A.,  Oxon,  Rector  of  Yaverland 
Sherwin,  J.  Sherwin,  Esq.,  Bramcote  Hills,  Nottingham 
Sherwood,  Rev.  William,  B.A.,  Holybourne,  Alton,  Hants 
Shevill,  John  Heppell,  Esq.,  Sunderland 
Shield,  Robert  Spencer,  Esq.,  Chester-le-Street 
Shields,  William,  Esq.,  Gateshead,  Durham 

Shipperdson,  Rev.  Thomas  R.,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Wroodhorn,  Morpeth 
Shirley,  Charles,  Esq.,  Midhurst,  Sussex 
Shirreff,  Rev.  R.  St.  John,  B.A.,  Oxon,  Blackheath 
Shirt,  John,  Esq.,  Wales,  Sheffield 
Shooter,  Rev.  J.,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Bishop-Wilton,  York 
Shrubb,  Rev.  Charles,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Boldre,  Lymington,  Hants 
Shorter  &  Phillips,  Messrs.,  Hastings,  Sussex 
Shutt,  Isaac  Thomas,  Esq.,  Architect,  Low-Harrogate 
Sidebotham,  Edward  Lowe,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Aston  Hall,  Sheffield 
Sidebottom,  Edward,  Esq.,  Pleadwick  Hall,  Wakefield 
Siely,  B.  C.,  Esq.,  Beech  Grove,  North  Walsham 
Sigston,  William,  Esq.,  Gomersal  Hall,  Leeds 
Sillick,  James,  Esq.,  Claremont  Place,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Silver,  Rev.  Thomas,  LL.D.,  Vicar  of  Charlbury,  Oxon 
Simcoe,  Rev.  Henry,  A.,  Penheale,  Launceston,  Cornwall 
Simes,  F.,  Esq.,  Townend  House,  Bradford 
Simes,  Mr.  Henry,  Vine  Hall,  near  Robertsbridge,  Battle 
Simpson,  Alfred,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Malton 
Simpson,  Christopher,  Esq.,  East  Hal  ton,  Skipton 
Simpson,  Rev.  Fred.  R.,  M.A.,  North  Sunderland,  Belford 
Simpson,  Rev.  G.  F.,  M.A.,  Principal  of  the  College,  Kingston-upon- 
Simpson,  Rev.  John.  M.A.,  Vicarage,  Acklam,  Malton  [Hull 

Simpson,  Rev.  John  Pemberton.M.A.,  Wakefield 
Simpson,  Joseph  Pringle,  Esq.,  Springwell,  Bishop-  Wearmouth 
Simpson,  Rev.  M.,  Rector  of  Mickfield,  Stonham,  Suffolk 
Simpson,  Rev.  Philip,  M.A.,  Copthorne,  Fawley,  Hants 
Simpson,  Robert,  Esq.,  Alnmouth,  Alnwick 

Simpson,  Rev.Thos.,M.A.,  Perpetual  Curate  of  Cold  Kirby,  Thirsk 
Simpson,  Thomas,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Yoik 

Simpson,  Rev.  William,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Tanfield,  Durham 

C 


XXVI 


SUBSCRIBERS. 


Sinclair,  Rev.  W.,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  St.  George's,  Leeds 

Singleton,  John,  Esq.,  Carr  House,  Rotherham 

Siny,  Joshua,  Esq.,  Bridgenorth,  Salop 

Siny,  William,  Esq.,  Swancote,  Bridgenorth 

Sivewright,  Charles  Kane,  Esq.,  Musbury,  Axminster,  Devon 

Skelley,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Freelands,  Alnwick 

Skelton,  Charles  Jackson,  Esq.,  Manor  Street,  Bradford 

Skelton,  Henry,  jun.,  Esq.,  Field  Head,  Thorner,  Leeds 

Skelton,  John,  Esq.,  Moor-Allerton  House,  Leeds 

Skelton,  Rev.  Joseph,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Wold-Newton,  Hunmanby 

Skelton,  Rev.  Robert,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Levisham,  Pickering 

Skey,  Robert  S.  Esq.,  Newport,  Salop 

Slack,  Rev.  Sam.,  M.A.,  Head  Master,  Grammar  School,  Bradford 

Slade,  Mr.  Henry,  Edington,  Westbury,  Wilts 

Sladen,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Mearclough  House,  Halifax 

Slater,  Rev.Thos.  Augustine,  R.C.P.,  Hutton  House,  Castle  Eden 

Slatter,  William,  Esq.,  Surgeon,  Wakefield 

Sleigh,  Major-Gen.,  Shirley  House,  near  Southampton 

Slight,  Lewis,  Esq.,  Brighton,  Sussex 

Smalman,  John,  Esq.,Quatford  Castle,  Bridgenorth 

Smart,  Daniel,  Esq.,  Emsworth,  near  Chichester 

Smeddle,  R.,  Esq.,  Bamburgh  Castle,  Belford 

Smetham,  J.  Esq.,  Lynn,  Norfolk 

Smith,  Bartholomew,  Esq.,  Timsbury,  near  Bath 

Smith,  Lieut.-Col.  Charles,  Plainville,  York 

Smith,  Charles  Sergison,  Esq.,  Farleigh  House,  Basingstoke 

Smith,  Edward,  Esq.,  Armfield  Plain,  Gateshead 

Smith,  Rev.  Edward  Herbert,  B.A.,  Killamarsh,  Chesterfield 

Smith,  George  Nicholson,  Esq.,  Surgeon,  Goole 

Smith,  George  Pyemont,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Park  Row,  Leeds 

Smith,  Mr.  George,  Camborne,  Cornwall 

Smith,  Rev.  Hen.  Jno.,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Birkenshaw,  nr.  Leeds 

Smith,  Jeremiah,  Esq.,  Springfield  Villa,  near  Rye,  Sussex 

Smith,  John,  Esq.,  Field  House,  Horton,  Bradford 

Smith,  John,  Esq.,  Morton,  Bingley 

Smith,  John,  Esq.,Weyhill  House,  Andover,  Hants 

Smith,  John,  Esq., St.  Anne's,  Lewes,  Sussex 

Smith,  Rev.  John  Tetley,  Repton,  near  Burton-upon-Trent 

Smith,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Low  Street,  Keighley 

Smith,  Lawrence,  Esq.,  Mount  Villa,  Hurst-Pierepoint,  Sussex 

Smith,  Noel  Thomas,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Smith,  Rev.  Robert,  Chaplain  at  Haggerston  Castle,  Berwick 

Smith,  Robert,  Esq.,  Oldcoates,  Tickhill 

Smith,  Rev.  Robert,  M.A.,  Kyloe,  Belford 

Smith,  Rev.  Samuel,  M.A.,  Grindleton,  Clitheroe 

Smith,  Mrs.  S.  Mackworth,  Bersted  Lodge,  Bognor 

Smith,  Spencer,  Esq.,  Brooklands,  Southampton 

Smith,  Stephen,  Esq.,  Brown's  Place,  Robert's  Bridge,  near  Battle 

Smith,  Tilden,  Esq.,  Vine  Hall,  near  Battle,  Sussex 

Smith,  Thomas,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Leeds 

Smith,  Thomas  George,  Esq.,  Togston  House,  Alnwick 

Smith,  Thompson,  Esq.,  Willington  Quay,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Smith,  Walker,  Esq.,  Brotherton,  Ferrybridge 

Smith,  William,  Esq.,  Learmouth,  Coldstream 

Smith,  William,  Esq.,  Benton  Lodge,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Smith,  William,  Esq.,  Mayor  of  Leeds 

Smith,  Rev.  William  Henry,  M.A.,  Hinderwell,  Guisborough 

Smith,  William,  Esq.,  Potton,  Bedfordshire 

Smithson,  Charles,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Malton 

Smithson,  Robert,  Esq.,  Holtby  Hall,  York 

Smithson,  Samuel,  Esq.,  Heighington,  Darlington 

Smyth,  Rev.  George  Watson,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Fyfield,  Hants 

Smyth,  John  George,  Esq.,  J.  P.,  Heath  Hall,  Wakefield 

Smyth,  Rev.  T.  Graham,  Aldwick  Lodge,  near  Bognor 

Smythe,  William  Meade,  Esq.,  Deer  Park,  Honiton,  Devon 

Sorby,  James,  Esq. ,Gatefield  House,  Sheffield 

Sorsbie,  Malin,  Esq.,  Deckham  Hall,  Gateshead 

Southwells  and  Co.,  Messrs.  Bridgenorth 

Sowerby,  J.  N.  P.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Stokesley 

Sowerby,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Saltwell  Vale,  Gateshead 

Spackman,  Charles  Esq.,  Bradford,  Wilts 

Sparke,  Rev.  E.  B.,  Feltwell  Rectory,  near  Brandon 

Sparke,  Rev.  J.  H.,  Gunthorpe,  near  East  Dereham,  Norfolk 

Sparrow,  James,  Esq.,  Rye,  Sussex 

Sparrow,  John,  Esq.,  Bramshott  Place,  Liphook,  Hants 

Speck,  Rev.  T.,  Chichester,  Sussex 

Speke,  Rev.  Hugh,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Dowlish-Wake,  Somerset 

Spence,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Rectory,  East  Keal,  Lincolnshire 

Spencer,  Rev.  Charles  John,  Radwell  Rectory,  near  Baldock,  Herts 

Spencer,  George,  Esq.,  North  Gate  House,  Keighley 

Spencer,  Rev.  Isaac,  M.A.,  The  Plantation,  York  [Tyne 

Spencer,  John,  jun.,  Esq.,  Newburn  Steel  Works,  Newcastle-upon- 

Spencer,  Rev.  William,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Dronh'eld,  Sheffield 


Spencer,  Rev.  W.  Pakenham,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Starston,  Norfolk 

Spode,  Mrs.,  Armitage  Park,  near  Rugeley,  Staffordshire 

Spurgeon,  Rev.  Richard,  Rector  of  Mulbarton,  near  Norwich 

Spurrell,  D.,  Esq.,  Bessingham,  near  Aylsham,  Norfolk 

Spurrell,  W.  D.,  Esq.,  Thurgarton,  do. 

Spink,  George,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Howden 

Spink,  Henry  Hawks,  Esq.,  Tadcaster 

Spours,  W.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Alnwick 

ST.  GERMANS,  The  Right  Honourable  the  Earl  of 

St.  John,  The  Hon.  Gen.,  Rough  Heath,  near  Chailey,  Lewes 

St.  John,  Rev.  H.  G.,  M.A.,  West  Court,  Wokingham,  Berks 

St.  Quintin,  Thomas,  Jun.,  Esq.,  Hatley  Park,  Cambridgeshire 

St.  Quinton,  William,  Esq.,  Scampton  Hall,  Malton 

Stables,  George,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Horsforth,  Leeds 

Stables,  Henry,  Esq.,  Lockwood  House,  Huddersfield 

Stables,  W.  W.,  Esq.,  Crosland  Hall,  do. 

Stackhouse,  Anthony,  Esq.,  Stainforth,  Settle 

Staff,  J.  R.,  Esq.,  Norwich 

STAFFORD,  The  Right  Honourable  Lord 

Stafford,  W.  W.,  Esq.,  Hailsham,  Sussex 

Stagg,  Joseph  Dickinson,  Esq.,  Middleton,  Barnard-Castle 

Staincliffe,  John,  Esq.,  Over  Hall,  Mirfield,  Dewsbury 

Stamp  and  Tax  Office,  Her  Majesty's,  Edinburgh 

Staniford,  F.,  Esq.,  Eldon  Place,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Staniland,  George  A.,  Esq.,  Brotherton  House,  Ferrybiidge 

Staniland,  Samuel,  Esq.,  Leeds 

Stanley,  John,  Esq.,  Newport,  Salop 

Stanley,  Mr.  Thomas,  Burbage  Wharf,  nearMarlborough,  Wilts 

Stansfeld,  George  Micklethwait,  Esq.,  Bradford 

Stansfield,  James,  Esq.,  Greenbank,  Halifax 

Stansfield,  James,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Ewood,  Todmorden 

Starkey,  William,  Esq.,  Wakefield 

STATIONERY  OFFICE,  Her  Majesty's 

Statter,  W.,  Esq.,  Wakefield 

Staveley,  Capt.  John,  Wales,  Sheffield 

Stead,  Henry,  Esq.,  Newlaiths,  Horsforth,  Leeds 

Stead,  Henry  Cox  Mason,  Esq.,  Low-Harrogate 

Stead,  Samuel,  Esq.,  Crow  Trees,  Gomersal,  Leeds 

Steel,  John,  Esq.,  Bradford 

Stephens,  Mr.  John,  Hurcott,  near  South  Petherton,  Somerset 

Stephens,  Rev.  Richard,  Culver  House,  Exeter 

Stephens,  Thomas,  Esq.,  North  Shields 

Stephens,  Mr.  Thomas,  White  Lackington,  Somerset 

Stephenson,  Appleton,  Esq.,  Hawsker  Hall,  VVhitby  [Tyne 

Stephenson,  Robert,  &  Co.,  Messrs.,  Engineers,  Newcastle-upon- 

Stephenson,  William,  Esq.,  Lands  House,  Holmfirth 

Stevens,  E.,  Esq.,  Walton,  Norfolk  [Rollright,  Oxon 

Stevens,  Rev.  W.  Everett,  M.A.,    Rector  of  Salford  and  Little 

Steward,  Rev.  Francis,  Rector  of  Barking,  Needham-Market,  Suffolk 

Stileman,  Richard,  Esq.,  The  Friars,  Winchelsea,  Sussex 

Stillingfleet,  Rev.  E.  W.,  B.D.,  Hotham  Cave,  Yorkshire 

Stockdale,  Rev.  Henry,  B.A.,  Bawtry 

Stockdale,  Rev.  Walter,  B.A.,  Linwood,  Market-Rasen 

Stocken,  Rev.  H.,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Arkendale,  Knaresborough 

Stocker,  Rev.  W.  H.  Browell,  Incumbent  of  Horsforth,  Leeds 

Stocks,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Upper  Shibden  Hall,  Halifax 

Stocks,  Robert,  Esq.,  Abden,  Kinghorn 

Stone,  Charles,  Esq.,  Prebendal  House,  Thame,  Oxon 

Stone,  Rev.  D.  S.,  Corneystrowe  House,  Trull,  Somerset 

Stone,  George,  Esq.,  Taunton,  Somerset 

Stone,  W.  T.,  Esq.,  Stone  Bridge,  near  Uckfield,  Sussex 

Storey,  Ralph,  Esq.,  Beanley,  Alnwick 

Storrs,  Robert,  Esq.,  Doncaster 

Story,  Henry,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Stott,  Lieut.-Col.,  E.I.S.,  Eccleshill  Hall,  Bradford 

Stowey,  Augustus,  Esq.,  Kenbury,  Exminster,  Devon 

Stracey,  John,  Esq.,  Sprowston,  near  Norwich 

Straker,  John,  Esq.,  Point  Pleasant,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Strakers  &  Love,  Messrs.,  Howdon  Dock,  do. 

Stratton,  William,  Esq.,  Upavon,  Pewsey,  Wilts 

Streatfeild,  R.  Shuttleworth,  Esq.,  The  Rocks,  near  Uckfield,  Sussex 

Strode,  R.  C.,  Esq.,  Southill  House,  West  Cranmore,  Somerset 

Strong,  P.  B.,  Esq.,  Trull,  Somerset 

Sturges,  John  William,  Esq.,  Beech  Field,  Doncaster 

Sturgis,  Rev.  Frederick  George,  Brandsburton,  Beverley 

Suckling,  Rev.  Alfred,  LL.B.,  Rectory,  Barsham,  Beccles,  Suffolk 

Sugden,  Joah,  Esq.,  Spring  Field  House,  Huddersfield 

Sugden,  John  Greenwood,  Esq.,  Steeton  Hall,  Keighley 

Sugden,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Brighouse,  Halifax 

Sugden,  William,  Esq.,  Eastwood  House,  Keighley 

Sulivan,  George  James,  Esq.,  Wilbury  Park,  Amesbury,  Wilts 

Sumner,  Gillyatt,  Esq.,  Woodmansey,  Beverley 

Sunderland,  Rev.  S.,  B.A.,  Peniston,  Barnsley 


SUBSCRIBERS. 


xxvn 


Surtees,  Aubone,  Esq.,  Pigdon  Cottage,  Morpeth 

Sutcliffe,  George,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Sowerby-Bridge,  Halifax 

Sutcliffe,  John  Crossley,  Esq.,  Lee,  Hebden-Bridge 

Sutcliffe,  John  F.,  Esq.,  Willow  Hall,  Halifax 

Sutcliffe,  Richard,  Esq.,  Lumb  Bank,  Hebden-Bridge 

Sutcliffe,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Stoneshay  Gate,          do. 

Sutcliffe,  William,  Esq.,  Lower  Laith,  Todmorden 

Sutton,  Rev.  John  Lucas,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Weekley,  Kettering 

Sutton,  Rev.  T.  Manners,  M.A.,  Averham  Rectory,  Newark 

Swaiuson,  Rev.  John,  B.A.,  Old  Byland  &  Kirkdale,  Helmsley 

Swale,  Rev.  H.  John,  M.A.,  Ingfield,  Settle 

Swallow,  John,  jun.,  Esq.,  Sterne  Mill,  Halifax 

Swallow,  Richard,  Esq.,  Mosborough  Hill,  Sheffield 

Swan,  William  Robert,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Swann,  John,  Esq.,  Hutton  Hall,  York 

Swayne,  W.  C.,  Esq.,  Heytesbury,  Wilts 

Sweet,  Rev.  Charles  B.,  M.A.,  Broadleigh,  Somerset 

Sweelland,  William,  Esq.,  Staplake  Mount,  Starcross,  Devon 

Sykes,  John,  Esq.,  Beech  Grove,  Leeds 

Sykes,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Acre  Cottage,  Lindley,  Huddersfield 

Sykes,  Sir  Tatton,  Bart.,  Sledmere  House,  Yorkshire 

Sykes,  William,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Leeds 

Sykes,  William,  Esq.,  Milns  Bridge,  Huddersfield 

Sykes,  W'illiam,  Esq.,  Mill  Bridge,  Leeds,  Yorkshire 

Sykes,  Rev.  William,  Vicar  of  Collumpton,  Devon 

Symes,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Bridgwater,  Somerset 

Symons,  Henry,  Esq.,  Axbridge,  Somerset 

Sympson.  Edmund  Walcott,  Esq.,  Winkton,  Hants 

Syms,  Rev.  W.,  West  Grinstead,  near  Horsham,  Sussex 

TALBOT,  The  Right  Honourable  the  Earl 

Talbot,  John,  Esq.,  Woodland  House,  Ashill  near  Taunton 

Tanner,  Henry,  Esq.,  Bishop- Wearmouth 

Tanner,  Mr.  Joseph,  Cholderton,  Wilts 

Tanner,  Rev.  Thomas,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Bradninch,  Devon 

Tate,  Captain,  W.  A.,  E.I.C.S.,  East  Harptree,  Somerset 

Tate,  Rev.  William  Bunting,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Nether  Wallop,  Hants 

Taylor,  Edward,  Esq.,  Kirkham  Abbey,  Whitwell,  Yorkshire 

Taylor,  Rev.  Harrison,  M.A.,  Treeton,  Rotherham 

Taylor,  James,  Esq.,  J.P.,  The  Hall,  Todmorden 

Taylor,  John,  Esq.,  Castle  Eden,  Durham 

Taylor,  Rev.  Mascie  Domville,  Lymme  Hall,  Warrington 

Taylor,  Rev.  Robert,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Hartlepool 

Taylor,  Robert,  Esq.,  Treeton,  Rotherham 

Taylor,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Dudworth,  Barnsley 

Taylor,  Thomas,  Esq.,  St.  John's,  Wakefield 

Taylor,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Long  Benton,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Taylor,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Cricklade,  Wilts 

Taylor,  Thos.Lambe,  Esq.,  Starston  Place,  near  Harlestone,  Norfolk 

Taylor,  Rev.  W.  R.,  Holt,  Norfolk 

Tayton,  William,  Esq.,  Pattesley  House,  near  Rougham 

Teal,  Henry,  Esq.,  Stourton  Lodge,  Rothwell,  Leeds 

Teale,  Edward  J.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Leeds 

Teale,  William,  Esq.,  do.       do. 

Tee,  Charles,  Esq.,  Pindar  Oaks,  Barnsley 

Teed,  Rev.  Frederick,  B.A.,  Rector  of  St. Michael's,  Lewes,  Sussex 

Teesdale,  Christopher,  Esq.,  Sudley  Cottage,  near  Bognor,  Sussex 

Teesdale,  Symes,  and  Weston,  Messrs.,  Fenchurch  Street,  London 

Tempest,  Col.  J.  Plumbe,  Tong  Hall,  Leeds 

Temple,  William,  Esq.,  Bishopstrow  House,  near  Warminster 

Templer,  James,  Esq.,  Bridport,  Dorset 

Templer,  Rev.  G.  H.,  M.A.,  Shapwick,  Glastonbury,  Somerset 

Tench,  Rev.  John,  B.D.,  Rector  of  Great  Rollright,  Oxon 

Tennant,  Charles  A.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Dewsbury 

Tennant,  Rev.  Ottiwell,  Rector  of  Upton,  Hunts 

TENTERDEN,  The  Right  Honourable  Lord 

Terrell,  William,  Esq.,  Stoke-under-Hamdon,  Yeovil,  Somerset 

Terry,  Stephen,  Esq.,  Dummer  House,  Basingstoke 

Tewart,  John,  Esq.,  Glanton,  Alnwick 

Thew,  Edward,  jun.,  Esq.,  Lesbury  House,  do. 

Thoburn,  James,  Esq.,  Paradise  Row,  Blyth 

Thomas,  Francis  Henry,  Esq.,  Hereford 

Thomas  Inigo,  Esq.,  Ration,  near  Eastbourne 

Thomas,  William,  Esq.,  MD., Wakefield 

Thomas,  Rev.  W.P.,  LL.B.,  Drake's  Place,  Wellington,  Somerset 

Thompson,  Benjamin  Blaydes,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Tadcaster 

Thompson,  Benjamin,  Esq.,  Park  Gate,  Guiseley,  Leeds 

Thompson,  Corden,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Sheffield 

Thompson,  Edward,  Esq.,  Sailer's  Hall,  London 

Thompson,  Rev.  F.,  LL.B.,  Carham,  Coldstream 

Thompson,  Rev.  F.  B.,  B.A.,  Eaglescliffe,  Yarm 

Thompson,  George,  Esq.,  Sunderland 

Thompson,  Rev.  Sir  Hen. ,  Bart., M. A., Holy  Trinity,  Fareham,  Hants 

Thompson,  H.  Stafford,  Esq.,  Fairfield,  York 


Thompson,  James,  Esq.,  Wakefield 
Thompson,  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Sheffield 
Thompson,  Rev.  Joseph,  M.A.,  Satley,  Wolsingham 
Thompson,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Bradford,  Yorkshire  [upon-Hull 

Thompson,  Rev.  Joseph,  M.A.,  Incumbent  ofMarfleet,  Kingston- 
Thompson,  Rev.  William,  B.A.,  Rector  of  Addingham,  Skipton 
Thompson,  William,  Esq.,  Lewes,  Sussex 
Thomson,  Rev.  George  Selby,  M.A.,  Rothbury 
Thornely,  John,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Dodworth  Green,  Barnsley 
Thornhill,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Woodleys,  Woodstock,  Oxon 
Thorns,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Green  House,  Ossett,  Wakefield 
Thornton,  Stephen,  Esq.,  Moggerhanger  House,  St.  Neot's 
Thorold,  Sir  John  C.,  Bart.,  Syston  Park,  Granlham 
Thorold,  Richard,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Weelsby,  Great  Grimsby 
Thorold,  W.  M.,  Esq.,  Wigthorpe,  Worksop,  Notls 
Thorp,  Rev.  Charles,  M.A.,  Sandford,  near  Enslone,  Oxon 
Thorp,  Rev.  Henry,  M.A.,  Perpetual  Curate  of  Topsham,  Devon 
Thorp,  Richard,  Esq.,  Monk  Bretlon,  Barnsley 
Thorpe,  William,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Thome 

Thring,  Rev.  W.  D.,  D.D.,  Reclor  of  Sulton-Veny,  Warminster 
Thruston,  John,  Esq.,  Weslon  Hall,  Harling,  Norfolk 
Thursfield,  Rev.  R.  P.,  Beckbury,  Shiffnall,  Salop 
Thurston  and  Liddle,  Messrs.,  Newport,  Salop 
Thwaite,  Samuel,  Esq.,  Woodlands,  Halifax 
Thwaites,  J.  B.,  Esq.,  Paradise  House,  Burnham,  Bridgwater 
Tichborne,  Sir  Henry  J.,  Barl.,  Tichborne  House,  Hanls 
Tiffin,  Rev.  Joseph,  M.A.,  Rainton,  Durham 
Tierney,  Rev.  M.A.,  Arundel,  Sussex 
Timbrell,  Charles,  Esq.,  Bradford,  Wills 
Timbrell,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Shrewton  Lodge,  Devizes 
Timson,  Henry,  T.  Esq.,  Tatchbury  Mount,  Eling,  Hanls 
Tindall,  John,  Esq.,  J.P.,  The  Cliffe,  Scarborough 
Tinker,  Uriah,  jun.,  Esq.,  Benl  House,  Meltham,  Huddersfield 
Tinling,  Charles  S.,  Esq.,  Worthing 
Titchener,  Edward,  Esq.,  Chichester 

Todd,  Colonel  Francis,  Victoria  Cottage,  Shirley,  Southampton 
Todd,  Rev.  James  Frederick,  Vicar  of  Liskeard.  Cornwall 
Todd,  Roberl,  Esq.,  Picton  House,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Todd,  The  Venerable  Archdeacon,  Rector  of  Settrington,  Malton 
Todd,  Rev.  T.,  B.A.,  Holbeck,  Leeds 
Toll,  Henry  L.,  Esq.,  Perridge  House,  Kenn,  near  Exeler 
Tolson,  James,  Esq.,  Mill  Hill,  Dalton,  Huddersfield 
Tolson,  Richard,  Esq.,  Ashfield  Place,  Bradford 
Tomkins,  Joshua,  Broughton,  Hanls 

Tompson,  Charles  Kelt,  Esq.,  The  Hall,  Witchingham,  Norfolk 
Tonge,  Roberl,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Driffield 
Tootall,  Mrs.  Anne,  St.  John's,  Wakefield 
Toplis,  Rev.  John,  B.D.,  South  Walsham,  near  Acle,  Norfolk 
Torre,  Rev.  Henry,  B.A.,  Rector  of  Thornhill,  Dewsbury 
Torre,  James  Whitwell,  Esq.,  Snydale  Hall,  Pontefracl 
Towle,  Benjamin,  Esq.,  Basford,  near  Notlingham 
Townend,  Edward,  Esq.,  Field  Head,  Denholme,  Bradford 
Townsend,  Rev.  George,  College,  Durham 
TOWNSHEND,  The  Righl  Honourable  Lord  James 
Tragell,  Rev.  T.  Heathcote,  M.A.,  Awbridge  Danes,  Romsey,  Hants 
Traviss,  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Barnsley 
TREASURY,  The  Lords  Commissioners  of  Her  Majesty's 
Trebeck,  Rev.  Thomas,  Rectory,  Chailey,  near  Lewes 
Trenchard,  Rev.  J.  Ashfordby,  M.A.,  Stanlon  House,  Highworth 
Treslail,  John,  Esq.,  Truro,  Cornwall 

Trevanion,  Rev.  Frederick,  M.A.  Vicar  of  Wadworlh,  Doncaster 
Trevelyan,  Rev.  John  Thomas,  Vicar  of  Milverton,  Somerset 
Trevenen,  James,  Esq.,  Bosahan,  Helston,  Cornwall 
Trevor,  The  Hon.  Lieul.-Gen.,  Glynde  Place,  near  Lewes,  Sussex 
Treweeke,  Rev.  George,  lllogan  Reclory,  Redruth,  Cornwall 
Trimmer,  Rev.  H.Syer,  B.A.,Marston-on-Dove,  Burton-upon-Trent 
Tripp,  Rev.  Charles,  D.D.,  Rectory,  Sampford-Bretl,  near  Taunton 
Trocke,  Rev.  Thos.,  M.A.,  Minister  of  the  Chapel  Royal,  Brighton 
Trotter,  Charles,  Esq.,  Mayor  of  Stockton-upon-Tees 
Trotter,  John,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Staindrop,  Durham 
Trotter,  John,  Esq.,  Bush,  Glencross,  Edinburgh 
Trotler,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Worthing,  Sussex 
Trueman,  Rev.  Edward,  M.A.,  Langloft,  Grimslon,  Mallon 
Tuck,  Rev.  William  Gilbert,  Curate  of  Moulton-St.  Michael 
Tucker,  William,  Esq.,  Corylon  House,  Axminsler,  Devon 
Tuckfield,  R.  Hippisley,  Esq.,  Fulford  Park,  Credilon,  do. 
Turley,  William,  Esq.,  Lane  Head  House,  Yeaden,  Leeds 
Turnbull,  John,  Esq.,  Solicilor,  Haydon-Bridge 
Turner,  Rev.  Arthur,  M.A. ,  Ladbroke  Reclory,  Warwickshire 
Turner,  Rev.  Ed.,  M.A.,  Maresfield  Rectory,  near  Uckfield,  Sussex 
Turner,  Frederick,  Esq.,  Blagdon,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Turner,  George,  Esq.,  Ashfield  Place,  Bradford 
Turner,  Rev.  Geo.  Thos.,  Rector  of  Kettleburgh,  Suffolk 

c  2 


XXV111 


SUBSCRIBERS. 


Turner,  Rev.  Henry,  Chichester,  Sussex 

Turner,  John,  Esq.,  Crofts,  Rotherham 

Turner,  John  Gilgrass,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Rothwell,  Leeds 

Turner,  John,  Esq.,  Trowse  Hall,  near  Norwich 

Turner,  Messrs.  R.  and  N.,  Bognor,  Sussex 

Turner,  Samuel,  Esq.,  9,  Gray's  Inn  Square,  London 

Turner,  William,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Hopton,  Dewsbury 

Tumor,  Christopher,  Esq.,  M.P.,  Stoke- Hochford,  Lincolnshire 

Twiss,  Rev.  W.  C.,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Wrestlingworth,  Potton,  Beds 

Tyas,  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Barnsley 

Tyner,  Rev.  William,  Vicar  of  Compton,  near  Chichester,  Sussex 

Tyzack,  Benjamin  George,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  North  Shields 

Umphelby,  Charles,  Esq.,  Denton  House,  near  Harleston 

Upcher,  Rev.  Abbot,  Kirby-Cane,  Bungay,  Suffolk 

Upcher,  Henry  R.,  Esq.,  Sheringham  Hall,  Crorner 

Upperton,  Robert,  Esq.,  Lansdowne  Place,  Brighton 

TJppleby,  Charles,  Esq.,  The  Hall,  Barrow-upon-Humber 

Uppleby,  Rev.  George,  B.A.,  Vicar  of  Barton-upon-Humber 

Uppleby,  John  G.,  Esq.,  Park  Square,  Leeds 

Uppleby,  Leadbetter,  Esq.,  Wootton  Hall,  Barrow-upon-Humber 

Upwood,  Rev.  Thomas  T.,  Lovell's  Hall,  Terrington,  near  Lynn 

Urquhart,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Parsonage,  Chapel- A llerton 

Usticke,  Rev.  R.  M.  N.,  Penwarne,  TVlawnan,  near  Falmotith 

Utting,  John,  Esq.,  Long  Stratton,  Norfolk 

Utting,  John,  Esq.,  Stanninghall ,  Norwich 

Vaughan,  Rev.  John,  LL.B.,  Rector  of  Upton-Lovell,  \\ilts 

Veale,  Rev.  William,  Trevayler,  Gulval,  Penzance 

Veitch,  Rev.  W.  Douglas,  M.A.,  Sopley  Vicarage,  Hants 

Vernon   Rev.  H.  John,  B.A.,  Newchurch,  Isle  of  Wight 

Vernon,  Rev.  Mark  Henry,  Vicar  of  VVestfield,  Sussex 

Vernon,  Robert,  Esq.,  Gateshead 

Verrall,  John,  Esq.,  Southover,  Lewes,  Sussex 

Verrall,  William,  Esq.,  do.  do.          do. 

Vibart,  Lieut.  James,  R.N.,  Chilliswood,  Taunton 

Yickers,  Valentine,  Esq.,  Ellerton  Grange,  Newport,  Salop 

Vidler,  John,  Esq.,  Rye,  Sussex 

Vigers,  C.  K.,  Esq.,Truro,  Cornwall 

Vilett,  Colonel,  Swindon,  Wilts 

Vincent,  Lieut.-Col.,  Hemsworth,  Lane  End,  Pontefract 

Vollum,  William  John,  Esq.,  Mayor  of  Hartlepool,  1842 

Vyner,  Rev.  Wm.  Phillips,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Withern,  Louth 

Waddington,  J.  H.,  Esq.,  Langrish,  Petersfield,  Hants 

Waddilove,  Richard,  Esq.,  Rilstone,  Skipton,  Craven 

Wade,  Rev.  Albany,  B.A.,  Rector  of  Elton,  Stocklon-upon-Tees 

Wade,  Rev.  Garrod,  Coney- Weston  Lodge,  near  Thetford 

Wade,  John,  Esq.,  Hornsea  House,  Yorkshire 

Wagstaff,  John  Reid,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Bradford 

Wailes,  William,  Esq.,  Westgate,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Wainhouse,  Edward,  Esq.,  Belle  Vue,  Leeds 

Wainman,  Richard  Bradley,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Carhead,  Skipton 

VVainwright,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Barnsley 

Wait,  James,  Esq.,  North  Shields 

Waite,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Tathwell,  Louth 

Waites,  Rev.  J.  Bentley,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  South  Stainley,  Yorkshiie 

Wake,  George  Anthony,  Esq.,  Tatchbury  Manor  House,  Hants 

Wake,  Rev.  Henry,  A.M.,  Rectorof  Over- Wallop,  Andover,  do. 

Wake,  William,  Esq.,  Osgathorpe  House,  Sheffield 

Wakefield  Proprietary  Grammar  School,  by  Rev.  Dr.  Fennell 

Wakeford,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Andover,  Hants 

Wakeman,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Graig  House,  Monmouth 

Wales,  John,  Esq.,  Killingworth,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Walker,  Benjamin,  Esq.,  Cross  Hall,  Morley;  &  Water  Hall,  Leeds 

Walker,  Rev.  G.  A.,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Alverthorpe,  Wakefield 

Walker,  Henry,  Esq.,  Clifton  House,  Rotherham 

Walker,  Henry,  Esq.,  South  Parade,  Wakefield 

Walker,  John,  Esq.,  Wheatleys,  Gomcrsal,  Leeds 

Walker,  Rev.  Robert,  Vicar  of  Dunton,  Bedfordshire 

Walker,  S.  H.,  Esq.,  Holywell  Green,  Stainland,  Halifax 

Walker,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Dewsbury 

Walker,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Ravenfield  Park,  Rotherham 

Walker,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Old  Malton 

Walker,  William,  Esq.,  Belle  Vue,  Bradford 

Wallace,  Robert,  Esq.,  Town  Surveyor,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Wallen,  William  B.,  F.S.A.,  Architect,  Huddersfield 

Wallis,  Preston,  Esq.,  Bodmin,  Cornwall 

Wallis,  Robert,  Esq.,  Chapter  Row,  South  Shields 

Wallis,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Bent  House,  do. 

Wallis,  William,  Esq.,  Westoe,  do. 

WALPOLE,  The  Right  Honourable  Lord 

Walton,  John,  Esq.,  Horton  Street,  Halifax 

Walton,  Rev.  J.  Leidger,  M.A.,  Incumbent,  of  Selby 

Wand,  Christopher,  Esq.,  Spring  Place,  Bradford 

Walthew,  William,  Esq.,  Clarence  Cottage,  Hayling,  Hants 


Warburton,  Rev.  R.,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Holtby,  Yorkshire 

Ward,  Rev.  Edward,  Haughley,  Stowmarket 

Ward,  Rev.  E.,  Langton,M.A.,Oxon,  Rectorof  Blendworth,  Hants 

Ward,  J.  A.,  Esq.,  Crockerton,  near  Warminster 

Ward,  Mr.  Joseph,  Tixall  Farm,  Stafford 

Ward,  Rich.  M.,  Esq.,  Brandon,  Suffolk,  and  Matlock,  Derbyshire 

Ward,  Robert,  Escj.,  Sal  ho  use  Hall,  near  Norwich 

Warde,  R.ev.  William,  M.A.,  Witton-le-Wear,  Durham 

Wardell,  Rev.  Henry,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Winlaton,  do. 

Ware,  Rev.  Henry,  St.  Ladoca  Parsonage,  near  Truio,  Cornwall 

Ware,  Rev.  James,  Vicar  of  Wyverstone,  Stowmarket 

Ware,  W.  J.,  Esq.,  Skirpenbeck,  Yorkshire 

Waring,  Rev.  William,  M.A.,  Itchen,  Southampton 

Warne,  James,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Basiugstoke 

Warner,  Rev.  A.  N.,  Wymbndham 

Warner,  Rev.  G.  Townsend,  B.A.,  Incumbent  of  St.  Paul's,  Leeds 

Warner,  Rev.  Richard,  Rector  of  Chelwood,  Somerset 

Warre,  Rev.  F.,  LL.D.,  Rectory,  Cheddon-Fitzpaine,  Taunton 

Warren,  Rev.  T.,  Alston,  B.D.,  Rectorof  South  Warnborough,  Hants 

Warren,  Rev.  Z.  S.,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Ancaster,  Grantham 

Warriner,  E.  Esq.,  Manor  House,  Conock,  near  Devizes 

Warry,  Miss,  Shapwick,  Glastonbury,  Somerset 

Warry,  George,  Esq.,  Sherborne,  Dorset 

Warter,  Rev.  John  Wood,  Vicarage,  West  Tarring,  Worthing,  Sussex 

Wasney,  John  Wilkinson,  Esq.,  Fence  End,  Skipton 

Waterhouse,  J.,  Esq.,  Well  Head,  Halifax 

Waters,  Robert,  Esq.,  Arminghall,  near  Norwich 

Waterworth,  H.,  Esq.,  Newport,  Isle  of  Wight 

Watherston,  Rev.  P.  John,  M.A.,  Charlton-Horethorne,  Somerset 

Walkin,  William,  Esq.,  Cleatlam,  Staindrop 

Watkius,  Rev.  Henry,  B.A.  &  J.P.,  Vicar  of  Silkstone,  Barnsley 

Watkins,  R.,  Esq., Tower  House,  Arundel,  Sussex 

Watson,  Cuthbert,  Esq.,  Ovington,  Barnard-Castle 

Watson,  Rev.  George,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Caistor,  Lincoln 

Watson,  John,  Esq.,  Burnopfield  House, Gateshead 

Watson,  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Pickering 

Watson,  Rev.  John,  DD.,  Ringstead,  North  Hants 

Watson,  Rev.  J.  D.,  Guilsborough,  Northampton 

Watson,  Rev.  Joseph  Spencer,  Westbury,  Wilts 

Watson,  Hon.  Richard,  Rockingham  Castle,  Northamptonshire 

Watson,  William,  Esq.,  Spring  Lodge,  Barnard-Castle 

Watt,  Francis,  jun.,  Esq.,  Beverley 

Watt,  Richard,  Esq.,  Bishop  Burton,  do. 

Watts,  Capt.  Geo.  Edward,  R.N.,  Langton  Grange,  Darlington 

Watts,  Rev.  George,  Ewhurst,  near  Battle,  Sussex 

Watts,  William,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Dewsbury  f  burgh 

Wauchope,  Andrew,  Esq.,  Niddrie,  Marischall,  Liberton,  Edin- 

Wraugh,  Alexander,  Esq.,  North  Earle,  Wrooler 

Wayland,  Rev.  Charles,  Stratton  Rectory,  Old  Down,  Somerset 

Wealleans,  Christopher,  Esq.,  Flotterton  House,  Rothbury 

Wreatherhead,  Samuel,  Esq. .Solicitor,  Bingley 

Weatherley,  Capt.  James  Dent,  60th  Rifles,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Webb,  Charles  H.,  Esq.,  Forebridge  Hall,  Stafford 

Webb,  Joseph  A.,  Esq.,  Stowmarket,  Suffolk 

Webb,  Joseph  C.,  Esq.,  Park  Place,  Hempnall,  Long  Stratton 

Webb,  Matthew,  Esq.,  Bank  House,  Ketley,  near  Wellington 

Webb,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Nutall  House,  Barton-under-Needwood 

Webb,  Rev.  William,  M.A-,  Rectorof  Sunderland 

Webber,  George  Wood,  Esq.,  Hexworthy,  Lawhitton,  Cornwall 

Webster,  Mrs.  John,  Springfield  House,  Morley,  Leeds 

Webster,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Old  Hall,  do.        do. 

Webster,  Mrs.  Samuel,  Bank  House,         do.        do. 

Weddall,  Thomas  M.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Selby 

Weekes,  George,  Esq.,  Hurst-Pierrepoint,  Sussex 

Weightman,  Hugh,  Esq.,  Mitre  Court  Buildings,  Temple,  London 

Weir,  Archibald,  Esq.,  Coopers'  Hall,  London 

Welby,  Rev.  M.  E.,  R«ctor  of  Long  Bennington,  Grantham 

Welch,  Henry,  Esq.,  Civil  Engineer,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Weld,  James,  Esq.,  Archers'  Lodge,  Southampton 

Welfitt,  William  Teale,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Manby  Hall,  Louth 

Wells,  Henry,  Esq.,  Midhurst,  Sussex 

Wells,  Nathaniel,  Esq.,  Piercefield,  Chepstow,  Monmouth 

Wells,  William  Harrison,  Esq.,  Dilham  Mills,  Worstead,  Norfolk 

Wells,  William,  Esq.,  Park  Place,  Bradford 

Wenman,  The  Baroness,  Thame  Park,  Oxon 

Wentworth,  F.  W.  T.  Vernou,  Esq.,  Wentworth  Castle,  Barnsley 

Were,  Rev.  Ellis  Bowden,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Chipping- Norton,  Oxon 

West,  Frederick  R.,  Esq.,  Arnewood  House,  Lymington 

West,  John,  Esq.,  St.  Faith's  Abbey,  near  Norwich 

West,  John,  Esq.,  Breckle's  Hall,  near  Watton 

Westell,  James,  Esq.,  Witney,  Oxon 

Westerman,  George  H.,  Esq.,  Castle  Grove,  Sandal,  WTakefield 

Westgarth,  George,  Esq.,  Alum-Works,  Boulby,  Guisborough 


SUBSCRIBERS. 


XXIX 


Westmorland,  Joseph  Williamson,  Esq.,  South  Parade,  Wakefield 
Westmorland,  Rev.  T.,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Sandal-Magna,        do. 
Wetherall,  Rev.  John,  Rector  of  Rushton,  Kettering 
Whaites,  John  Johnson,  Esq.,  Ingham  House,  near  Stalham 
Whall,  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Worksop 

Whateley,  Rev.  C.,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Rise,  Kingston-upou-Hull 
Whatley,  David,  Esq.,  Golden  Farm,  Cirencester 
Wheat,  James,  Esq.,  Norwood  Hall,  Sheffield 
Wheatley,  Charles,  Esq.,  Sands  House,  Hopton,  Dewsbury 
Wheatley,  Francis,  Esq.,  Mundsley,  near  North  Walsham,  Norfolk 
Wheatley,  J.  Flint,  Esq.,  Woodlands,  Hopton,  Dewsbury 
Wheatley,  Matthew,  jun., Esq. .Shield Field,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Wheatley,  T.,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Cote  Walls,  Hopton,  Mirfield,  Dewsbury 
Wheatley,  William,  Esq.,  Royds  House,         do.         do. 
Wheeler,  Rev.  Wm.,  B.D.,  Fellow  of  Magdalene  College,  Oxford 
Wheldon,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Barnard- Castle 
Wheler,  Rev.  H.  Trevor,  M.A.,  Berkley  Rectory,  Frome,  Somerset 
Whichcote,  Sir  T.,  Bart.,  Aswarby  Park,  Falkingham,  Lincolnshire 
Whitacre,  John,  Esq.,  Wood  House,  Huddersfield 
Whitaker,  Alfred,  Esq.,  Frome,  Somersetshire 
Whitaker,  Frederick,  Esq.,  Bampton,  Oxon 
Whitaker,  Rev.  G.  H.,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Garforth,  Leeds 
Whitaker,  James,  Esq.,  Bramham,  Tadcaster 
Whitaker,  Jonas,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Greenholme,  Otley 
Whitaker,  Joshua,  Esq.,  Ossett,  Wakefield 
White,  David  B.,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
White,  Capt.  Frederick,  Saxby  Hall,  Barton-upon-Humber 
White,  Rev.  James,  B.A.,  Wood  Lynch,  Bonchurch,  Isle  of  Wight 
White,  James,  Esq.,  Wooldringfold,  Horsham,  Sussex 
White,  Rev.  J.  Neville,  B.D.,  Rector  of  Tivetshall,  Norfolk 
White,  John,  Esq.,  Upper  Wood  House,  Rawdon,  Leeds 
White,  John,  Esq.,  Warden  of  Whixley  Hospital,  York 
White,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Anfield  House,  Romsey,  Hants 
White,  Robert,  Esq.,  Woodhouse  Grove,  Leeds 
White,  Thomas  W.,  Esq.,  Nursling,  Southampton 
White,  Rev.  William,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Stradbroke,  Suffolk 
White,  William  Lambert,  Esq.,  Yeovil,  Somerset 
Whitehead,  John,  Esq.,  Cambridge 

Whitehead,  Matthias,  Esq.,  J.P.,  The  Crescent,  Selby  [worth 

Whitehead,  Ralph  Radcliffe,  Esq.,  Royal  George  Mills,  Saddle- 
Whiteley,  John  Denton,  Esq.,  Stainland,  Halifax 
Whiteley  &  Sons,  Messrs.  John,  Calder  Side,  Hebden-Bridge 
Whitfield,  Edward,  Esq.,  Elswick  Villa,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Whitfield,  William,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Rotherham 
Whitham,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Kirkstall,  Leeds 
Whitley,  Edward,  Esq.,  West  Coker,  Yeovil,  Somerset 
Whitmore,  Rev.  Ainslie  H.,  Leasingham  Rectory,  Sleaford 
Whitmore,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Apley  Park,  Bridgenorth,  Salop 
Wickham,  James,  Esq.,  Sutton-Scotney  House,  Whitchurch 
Wickham,  Rev.  Robert,  M.A.,  Twyford,  Winchester 
Wickham,  William,  Esq.,  Bullington  House,  Whitchurch 
Wickham,  William,  Esq.,  Winchester 
Wicksted,  Charles,  Esq.,  Shakenhurst,  Cleobury-Mortimer 
Wilberforce,  William,  Esq.,  Oriel  College,  Oxford 
Wilby,  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Wakefield,  Yorkshire  [terfield 

Wilcocks,  Rev.  W.  Wright,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Ridgeway,  Ches- 
Wild,  Rev.  William  Taylor,  B.D.,  Vicar  of  Westow,  Whitwell 
Wilde,  Rev.  Spencer  D.,  Fletching,  near  Uckfield,  Sussex 
Wilkins,  Rev.  Edw.,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Hempstead,  Stalham,  Norfolk 
Wilkinson,  Rev.  C.,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Bardsey,  Wetherby 
Wilkinson,  Rev.  H.  T.,  Weston  Rectory,  Harling,  Norfolk 
Wilkinson,  John  Etridge,  Esq.,  Dunston  Lodge,  GatesheaH 
Wilkinson,  Rev.  Marmaduke,  M.A.,  Redgrave  Rectory,  Botesdale 
Wilkinson,  Rev.  Wm.  Hutton,  M.A.,  Incumb.  of  All  Saints,  Portsea 
Wilkinson,  William,  Esq.,  Brow  Bridge,  Elland,  Halifax 
Wilkinson,  Rev.  W.  G.,  Bubwith  Vicarage,  Howden 
Wilks,  John,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Dewsbury 
Willan,  Robert,  jun.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Barnsley 
Willan,  Whaley,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Bentham,  Lancaster 
Willders,  J.  W.,  Esq.,  Chesterton  House,  Stilton 
Willebois,  H.,  Esq.,  Marham  House,  near  Downham-Market 
Williams,  Rev.  E.,  B.A.,  Perpetual  Curate  of  Linfield  and  Ascot 
Williams,  Rev.H.  J.,  Vicar  of  Buckland-Denham,  Somerset 
Williams,  Rev.  James  P.,  Sidlesham,  near  Chichester,  Sussex 
Williams,  John,  Esq.,  Burncooso,  Truro,  Cornwall 
Williams,  John,  Esq.,  Retley  Hill,  Wellington,  Salop 
Williams,  John,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Beverley  [Hull 

Williams,  Rev.  Preston  J.,  M.A.,  Sigglesthorne,  Kingston-upon- 
Williams,  Rev.  Stephen,  Magor,  Newport,  Monmouth 
Williams,  William,  Esq.,  Hallatrow,  near  Bath,  Somerset 
Williamson,  Captain,  Crawley,  Hants 

Williamson,  Rev.  R.  H.,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Holy  Trinity,  Dar- 
Willington,  John  S.,  Esq.,  Newport,  Isle  of  Wight  [lington 

VOL.  I. 


Willis,  George,  Esq.,  Sopley  Park,  Ringwood,  Hants 

Willoby,  W.  &  E.,  Messrs.,  Solicitors,  Berwick-upon-Tweed 

Willoughby,  Henry,  Esq.,  Birdsall  Hall,  Malton 

Willson,  John,  Esq.,  Quarry  House,  Northowram,  Halifax 

Wilson,  Benjamin,  Esq.,  Bank  House,  Mirfield,  Dewsbury 

Wilson,  Frederick  W.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Sheffield 

Wilson,  George,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Alnwick 

Wilson,  George  St.  V.,  Esq.,  Redgrave  Hall,  near  Botesdale 

Wilson,  Henry,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Alford 

Wilson,  Henry,  Esq.,  Stowlangtoft  Hall,  near  Ixworth,  Suffolk 

Wilson,  Sir  Isaac,  Knt.,  and  M.D.,  Fareham,  Hants 

Wilson,  J.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Goole 

Wilson,  James  William,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Louth 

Wilson,  John,  Esq.,  Union  Bank,  Huddersfield 

Wjlson,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Clifford,  Sheffield 

Wilson,  Joseph  Radcliffe,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Stockton-upon-Tees 

Wilson,  Knowlton,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Sheffield 

Wilson,  R.,  jun.,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Hartlepool 

Wilson,  Rev.  Samuel,  M.A.,  Vicar  of  Warter,  Pocklington 

Wilson,  Rev.  Thomas,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Walton,  Wetherby 

Wilson,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Merchant,  Kingston-on-Hull 

Wilson,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Hornsea,  Yorkshire 

Wilson,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Shotley  Hall,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Wilson,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Fell  House,  Gateshead  Low  Fell 

Wilson,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Birkby  House,  Huddersfield 

Wilson,  Major  Thomas,  Titchfield,  Hants 

Wilson,  Rev.  T.  D.  Holt,  Rector  of  Hinderclay,  near  Botesdale 

Wilson,  Rev.  William,  M.A.,  Incumbent  of  Ryhope,  Sunderland 

Wilson,  W.  Murray,  Esq.,  Horsforth,  Leeds 

Wilson,  Rev.  William,  Palgrave  Rectory,  near  Diss,  Norfolk 

Wilson,  Rev.  William,  D.D.,  Vicar  of  Holy-Rood 

Wimble,  Nehemiah,  Esq.,  Lewes,  Sussex 

Windham,  W.  H.,  Esq.,  Felbrigg  Hall,  Norfolk 

Winearls,  R.  G.,  Esq.,  Marham,  near  Downham-Market 

Wing,  Rev.  Wm.  M.A.,  Rector  of  Stibbington,  Wansford,  Hunts 

Winn,  Charles,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Nostal  Priory,  Wakefield 

Winn,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Newlay  House,  Leeds 

Winnington,  Rev.  Francis,  Rectory  House,  near  Bromyard 

Winpenny,  Rev.  J.,  Incumbent  of  Yarm 

Winsloe,  Rev.  Richard,  Wilton,  Taunton,  Somerset 

Winslow,  John,  Esq.,  Lashlake,  Thame 

Winstanley,  Rev.  J.  Robinson,  D.D.,  Vicar  of  Bampton,  Oxon 

Winterbottom,  Thomas  M.,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Westoe,  South  Shields 

W1NTERTON,  The  Right  Honourable  the  Earl  of 

Wise,  Rev.  John  Henry,  Stradbrooke,  Suffolk 

Wiseman,  William  Wood,  Esq.,  Ossett,  Wakefield 

Witham,  H.  T.  M.,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Lartington  Hall,  Barnard- Castle 

Wither,  Rev.  Harris  Jervois  Bigg,  M.A.,  Worting  Rectory,  Hants 

Wither,  Rev.  Lovelace  Bigg,  M.  A.,  Tangier  Park,  do. 

Wither,  Rev.  William  Bigg,  B.C.L.,  Otterbourne,  do. 

Withers,  William,  Esq.,  Church  House,  Holt,  Norfolk 

WODEHOUSE,  The  Right  Honourable  Lord 

Wodehouse,  Edmund,  Esq.,  M.P.,  Bracondale,  near  Norwich 

Wollaston,  Rev.  W.  C.,  Rector  of  East  Dereham,  Norfolk 

Wollen,  Rev.  J.,  Bridgwater,  Somerset 

Wollocombe,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Stowford,  Cornwall 

Wonham,  Mr.  W.  K.,  Bognor,  Sussex 

Wood,  Charles  Thorold,  Esq.,  Campsall  Park,  Doncaster 

Wood,  George,  Esq.,  Morston  Hall,  Blakeney,  Norfolk 

Wood,  Rev.  John  A.,  M.A.,  Beadnell,  Belford 

Wood,  John,  Esq.,  Thedden  Grange,  Alton,  Hants 

Wood,  John,  Esq.,  Woodlands,  Darlington 

Wood,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Woolley  Moor,  Wakefield 

Wood,  Joseph,  Esq.,  Sandal ,  do. 

Wood,  Rev.  Peter,  Rector  of  Broadwater,  near  Worthing,  Sussex 

Wood,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Arthingworth,  Northamptonshire 

Wood,  William,  Esq.,  Mayor  of  Pontefract  in  1841 

Wood,  William  Cole,  Esq.,  Martock,  Somerset 

Woodd,  Bazil  T.,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Aldborough  Lodge,  Boroughbridge 

Woodall,  Henry,  Esq.,  North  Dallon,  Beverley 

Woodall,  John,  Esq.,  J.P.,  The  Crescent,  Scarborough 

Woodall,  William  Edward,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Scarborough 

Woodhams,  William  R.,  Esq.,  Hammond's  House,  Udimore,  Rye 

Woodhead,  William  Wright,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Sheffield 

Woodman,  William,  Esq.,  Town  Clerk  of  Morpeth 

Woodroffe,  Rev.  T.,M.A.,  Oxon,  Rector  of  Calbourne,  Isleof  Wight 

Woods,  James,  Esq.,  Stowmarket,  Suffolk 

Woods,  Miss,  Shopwyke,  near  Chichester,  Sussex 

Woods,  William,  Esq.,  Newcastle-upon-Tyne 

Woodward,  Rev.Thos.,  M.A.,  Hopton-Wafers,  Cleobury-Mortimer 

Wooldridge  and  Son,  Messrs.,  Winchester,  Hants 

Wordsworth,  Rev.  William,  B.A.,  Monk  Bretton,  Barnsley 

Workman,  Rev.  William,  A.M.,  Rector  of  Eastrop,  Basingstoke 

d 


XXX 


SUBSCRIBERS. 


Wormakl,  Frank,  Esq.,  Field  Head,  Mirfield,  Dewsbury 

Wormald,  Henry,  Esq.,  South  Parade,  Wakefield 

Wormald,  Percival,  Esq.,  Moor  Lane,  Gomersal,  Leeds 

Wormald,  Smith,  Esq.,  Tickton  Grange,  Beverley 

Wormald,  William,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Leeds 

Worsley,  Charles  C.  Seymour,  Esq.,  Newport,  Isle  of  Wight 

Worsley,  Rev.  Charles,  M. A.,  Oxon,       do.  do. 

Worsley,  Rev.  Henry,  D.D.,  Oxon,   Rector  of  Gatcombe,  do. 

Worsley,  Rev.  Ferryman,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Little  Ponton,  Grantham 

Worsley,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Cubley,  Penistone,  Barnsley 

Worsley,  Sir  William,  Bart.,  Hovingham  Hall,  Whitwell 

Worsop,  John  Arthur,  Esq.,  Landford  House,  Wilts 

Wrench,  Rev.  J.  G.,  D.C.L.,  Salehurst  Vicarage,  Sussex 

Wright,  Chas.,  Esq.,  Mattishall  Burgh  Cottage,  near  East  Dereham 

Wright,  Mrs.  E.,  Feniton,  nearHoniton,  Devon 

Wright,  Francis  Bowcher,  Esq.,  Hinton-Blewett,  near  Bath 

Wright,  Francis,  Esq.,  Revell  Grange,  Stannington,  Sheffield 

Wright,  Ichabod,  Esq.,  Mapperley,  Nottinghamshire 

Wright,  James,  Esq.,  Ravenhill,  near  Rugeley,  StafFordshiie 

Wright,  James,  Esq.,  Blyth,  Northumberland 

Wright,  John  Francis,  Esq.,  Kelvedon  Hall,  Ongar,  Essex 

Wright,  Joshua  Collett,  Esq.,  Beckwith  House,  Harrogate 

Wright,  R.,  Esq.,  Dep.-Lieut.,  Sands  House,  Rushyford,  Durham 

Wright,  Rev.  R.  J.  W.,  M.A.,  Winchester,  Hants 

Wright,  Thomas  G.,  Esq.,  M.D.,  South  Parade,  Wakefield 

Wright,  William,  Esq.,  Silsden,  Keighley 

Wright,  Rev.  W.,  B.A.,  Principal  of  the  College,  Huddersfield 

Wrigley,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Waterloo  Villa,  Halifax 


Wyatt,  Hugh  P.,  Esq.,  Cissbury,  near  Worthing 

Wyatt,  Rev.  Thomas,  North  Lodge,  Worthing 

Wylam,  William,  Esq.,  Prospect  Cottage,  Gateshead 

Wyld,  Rev.  Thomas,  Rector  of  North  Wraxall,  Chippenham 

Wylie,  Robert,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Beverley 

Wymer,  Rev.  Edward,  Rector  of  Westwick,  Norfolk 

Wynch,  Rev.  Henry,  Rector  of  Pett,  near  Winchelsea,  Sussex 

Wyndi.am,  Col.  George,  Petworth  Park,  Petworth,          do. 

Wythe,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Manor  House,  Middleton,  near  Lynn 

Yaldwyn,  Mrs.  JV1.,  Blackdown  House,  near  Petworth,  Sussex 

YARBOROUGH,  The  Right  Honourable  the  Earl  of 

Yard,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Bucklands,  Ryde,  Isle  of  Wight 

Yarker,  Rev.  Luke,  M.A.  &  J.P.,  Vicar  of  Chillingham,  Belford 

Yate,  Rev.  Charles,  B.D.,  Vicar  of  Holme-on-Spalding-Moor, 

Yates,  James,  Esq.,  Barbot  Hall,  Rotherham     [Market- Weighton 

Yates,  Rev.  H.  S.,  Henlow,  Biggleswade,  Bedfordshire 

Yates,  R.  B.,  Esq.,  Ballard  Lodge,  Alverstoke,  Hants 

Yeatman,  Rev.  H.  F.,  Stock  House,  Dorset 

Yerbury,  Francis,  Esq.,  Belcomb  House,  Bradford,  Wilts 

Yewdall,  William,  Esq.,  Buxton  House,  Rawdon,  Leeds 

YORK,  His  Grace  the  Lord  Archbishop  of 

York,  E.,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Wighill  Park,  Tadcaster  [London 

Yorke,  the  Hon.  Eliot  Thomas,  M.P.,  Norfolk  Street,  Park  Lane, 

Yorke.The  Hon.  &  Rev.  Grantham,  M.A.,  Edinburgh 

Young.  James,  Esq.,  West  Docks,  South  Shields  [Spring 

Young,  Rev.  J.,  D.D.,  Master  of  the  Kepier  School,  Houghton-le- 

Young,  Thomas,  Esq.,  Northumberland  Square,  North  Shields 

ZETLAND,  The  Right  Honourable  the  Earl  of 


TOPOGRAPHICAL    DICTIONARY 


OF 


ENGLAND. 


ABBE 

ABBAS-COMBE,  or  TEMPLE-COMBE  (ST.  MARY),  a 
parish,  in  the  union  of  WINCANTON,  hundred  of  HORE- 
THORNE,  E.  division  of  SOMERSET,  4^  miles  (S.  by  W.) 
from  Wincanton,  on  the  road  to  Blandford  ;  containing 
461  inhabitants.  It  derived  the  name  of  Temple-Combe 
from  the  military  order  of  Knights  Templars,  who  had 
an  establishment  here,  which  at  the  dissolution  possessed 
a  revenue  of  £128.  7-  9-  The  parish  comprises  by 
measurement  1884  acres  of  land,  and  contains  good 
building  stone  of  the  granite  species,  and  limestone, 
both  of  which  are  quarried.  The  living  is  a  rectory, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £9-  9.  4^.,  and  in  the 
gift  of  the  Rev.  Thomas  Fox  :  the  tithes  have  been  com- 
muted for  a  rent- charge  of  £370,  and  the  glebe  con- 
sists of  38  acres.  The  church  exhibits  the  unusual 
spectacle  of  a  tower  on  the  south  side  of  the  nave. 
There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Independents  ;  and  two 
schools  are  supported  chiefly  by  subscription.  Some 
remains  of  the  chapel  attached  to  the  old  priory-house 
are  still  to  be  seen. 

ABBERBURY,  county  SALOP. — See  ALBERBURY. 

ABBERLEY  (Sr.  MICHAEL),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  HARTLEY,  Lower  division  of  the  hundred  of  DOD- 
DINGTREE,  Hundred-House  and  W.  divisions  of  the 
county  of  WORCESTER,  4^  miles  (W.  S.  W.)  from  Stour- 
portj  containing  559  inhabitants.  There  are  2564 
acres  in  the  parish,  the  surface  of  which  is  well  watered 
by  numerous  brooks,  and  the  soil  is  rather  above  the 
average  in  fertility.  The  village  is  situated  to  the  right 
of  the  road  leading  from  Worcester  to  Ludlow,  in  a 
valley  surrounded  by  hills  whose  summits  afford  delight- 
ful prospects  ;  the  declivities  are  laid  out  in  sheep- 
walks,  and  enriched  with  thriving  plantations.  Coal 
of  excellent  quality  is  worked  to  a  considerable  extent ; 
and  some  limestone  is  found  in  the  neighbourhood. 
The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£11.  10.  2^.,  and  in  the  gift  of  H.  Bromley,  Esq.  :  the 
incumbent's  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent- 
VOL.  I.— 1 


ABBE 

charge  of  £333.  8.  6.,  and  those  of  the  impropriators 
for  one  of  £100.  A  school  was  founded  under  grants 
by  Elizabeth  and  Victoria  Walsh,  in  1717,  and  has  an 
income  of  £15  per  annum,  in  addition  to  a  house  and 
garden ;  and  there  is  also  an  infants'  school.  William 
Walsh,  the  poet,  and  a  correspondent  of  Pope  and 
Addison,  was  born  here,  in  1663. 

ABBERLOFT,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  WIL- 
LOUGHBY,  union  of  SPILSBY,  Wold  division  of  the  hun- 
dred of  CALCEWORTH,  parts  of  LINDSEY,  county  of 
LINCOLN  ;  containing  23  inhabitants. 

ABBERTON  (ST.  ANDREW),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  LEXDEN  and  WINSTREE,  hundred  of  WINSTREE, 
N.  division  of  ESSEX,  4^  miles  (S.)  from  Colchester ; 
containing  248  inhabitants.  It  is  situated  about  a  mile 
and  a  half  to  the  east  of  the  river  Colne,  and  com- 
prises by  measurement  1067  acres.  There  are  some 
gravel-pits,  which  afford  good  materials  for  repairing  the 
roads  ;  and  chalk  can  be  obtained  at  a  distance  of  three 
miles,  being  brought  by  vessels  into  the  Strode  of 
Mersea  island.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the 
king's  books  at  £14.  7-  8^.,  and  in  the  patronage  of 
the  Crown  :  the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent- 
charge  of  £300,  and  there  are  50  acres  of  glebe.  The 
church  is  a  small  neat  building,  on  an  elevated  site, 
with  a  square  tower  of  brick.  There  is  a  place  of 
worship  for  Wesleyans  ;  and  a  day  school  for  girls  is 
supported  by  subscription. 

ABBERTON,  a  parish,  in  the  union,  and  Upper  di- 
vision of  the  hundred  of  PERSHORE,  Pershore  and  E. 
divisions  of  the  county  of  WORCESTER,  7  miles  (N.  E. 
by  N.)  from  Pershore  ;  containing  8 1  inhabitants.  This 
parish,  bounded  on  the  south  by  a  branch  of  the  river 
Piddle,  comprises  990  acres,  of  which  nearly  one-half  is 
fine  pasture  land,  much  esteemed  for  its  dairy  produce. 
The  hall  is  a  large  structure,  commanding  a  beautiful 
panoramic  view  of  the  eastern  part  of  the  county.  The 
living  is  a  discharged  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books 

B 


A  B  B  O 


A  B  BO 


at  £5.  8.  1|.,  and  in  the  patronage  of  the  Sheldon 
family;  net  income,  £161.  Here  is  a  mineral  spring, 
the  water  of  which  is  bitter  and  cathartic,  being  some- 
what similar  to  that  at  Cheltenham. 

ABBERWICK,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  EDLING- 
HAM,  union  of  ALNWICK,  N.  division  of  CoauETDALE 
ward  and  of  NORTHUMBERLAND,  4  miles  (W.)  from 
Alnwick ;  containing  170  inhabitants.  It  includes  the 
north-eastern  part  of  the  parish,  adjoining  Alnwick 
moor;  and  near  it  runs  the  river  Aln,  which  is  here 
joined  by  the  Lemmingtoii  brook. 

ABBEY,  a  tything,  in  the  parish,  union,  and  hun- 
dred of  AXMINSTER,  Honiton  and  S.  divisions  of 
DEVON  ;  containing  76  inhabitants. 

ABBEY-LANDS,  a  township,  in  the  parish  and 
union  of  ALNWICK,  E.  division  of  COQUETDALE  ward, 
N.  division  of  NORTHUMBERLAND  ;  containing  2Q5  inha- 
bitants. Heckley  House  belongs  to  Josh.  Hewitson,  Esq. 

ABBOTS-ANN  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  ANDOVER,  partly  in  the  hundred  of  WHERWELL,  but 
chiefly  in  that  of  ANDOVER,  Andover  and  N.  divi- 
sions of  HANTS,  2^  miles  (S.  W.  by  W.)  from  Andover  ; 
containing  619  inhabitants.  This  place  anciently  be- 
longed to  Hyde  abbey,  Winchester,  in  the  earliest  rolls 
of  which  it  is  noticed  as  the  manor  of  Anna,  and  in  later 
ones  as  Abbottes  Anne.  In  a  field,  about  a  mile  to  the 
south-east  of  the  church,  were  discovered  a  few  years 
since  the  remains  of  what  is  believed  to  have  been  a 
Roman  villa,  from  the  pavement  found  there,  and  from 
its  vicinity  to  Dunbury  Hill.  Some,  however,  have 
imagined  them  to  be  the  ruins  of  a  monastery,  as  the 
field  is  still  called  Monaster  Field,  and  the  opinion  is 
favoured  by  the  names  of  this  and  the  neighbouring 
village  of  Monkston.  At  the  beginning  of  the  eighteenth 
century,  the  property  passed  by  purchase  into  the  Pitt 
family,  by  one  of  whom,  Governor  Pitt  (who  brought 
the  Pitt  diamond  into  Europe),  the  church  was  rebuilt. 
The  parish  comprises  about  3000  acres,  and  is  inter- 
sected by  the  Salisbury  and  great  western  road  ;  a  canal 
from  Andover  to  Southampton  passes  within  a  mile. 
The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£42.  17.  6.,  and  in  the  patronage  of  Miss  Burrough  : 
the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of 
£790,  and  there  are  about  50  acres  of  glebe,  and  a 
good  glebe-house.  The  church  is  a  substantial  brick 
edifice  relieved  with  stone,  with  a  handsome  tower. 
There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Independents ;  and  a 
school  is  supported  by  the  rector. 

ABBOT S-ASTLEY. — See  ASTLEY,  ABBOT'S. — And 
all  places  having  a  similar  distinguishing  prefix  will  be  found 
under  the  proper  name. 

ABBOTSBURY  (ST.  NICHOLAS),  a  parish  (formerly 
a  market-town),  in  the  union  of  WEYMOUTH,  hundred 
of  UGGSCOMBE,  Dorchester  division  of  DORSET,  8^ 
miles  (W.  S.  W.)  from  Dorchester,  and  129  (S.  W.  by  W.) 
from  London ;  containing,  with  the  hamlets  of  Rodden 
and  Elworth,  1005  inhabitants.  The  name  of  this 
place  is  evidently  derived  from  its  ancient  possessors, 
the  abbots  of  the  monastery  of  St.  Peter,  which  is  sup- 
posed to  have  been  founded  in  1044,  by  Orcus,  or  Ork- 
ing,  steward  of  the  household  of  Canute  the  Great,  and 
Tola  his  wife,  for  monks  of  the  Benedictine  order. 
According  to  the  register  of  the  abbey  it  appears  that 
a  church  was  erected  here  at  a  very  early  period,  by 
Bertulphus,  a  priest,  and  dedicated  to  St.  Peter.  This 


having  afterwards  become  a  place  of  retreat  for  the 
West  Saxon  kings,  and  the  territory  having  come  into 
the  possession  of  Canute,  lands  to  a  considerable  extent 
were  given  by  him  to  Orcus,  by  whom  and  Tola,  or 
Thole,  dying  without  issue,  they  were  subsequently 
granted  to  the  church  of  St.  Peter,  built  a  long  time 
previously,  and  then  forsaken  and  in  decay,  on  account 
of  its  having  been  frequently  infested  by  pirates.  Orcus 
erected  the  monastery,  which  occupied  a  large  extent  of 
ground,  and,  in  progress  of  time,  was  endowed  with  rich 
grants  and  divers  immunities,  and  was  frequently  re- 
built :  the  remains  consist  of  a  gateway  and  portions 
of  the  walls.  Its  revenue,  at  the  dissolution,  was  esti- 
mated at  £485.  3.  5.  :  it  was  granted  to  Sir  Giles  Strange- 
ways,  and  on  its  site  was  erected  a  mansion,  which, 
having  been  garrisoned  for  the  king,  in  1644,  was  at- 
tacked by  Sir  Anthony  Ashley  Cooper,  and  burnt  to 
the  ground.  The  church  was  also  occupied  by  a  party 
of  royalists,  who  surrendered  before  it  sustained  any 
damage. 

The  TOWN,  situated  in  a  valley  surrounded  by  lofty 
hills,  near  the  sea-shore,  consists  of  three  streets,  partially 
paved,  and  is  well  supplied  with  water  :  the  western 
part  of  it  was  consumed  by  fire  in  1706.  Fishing  is 
the  chief  occupation  of  the  inhabitants,  great  quan- 
tities of  mackerel  being  taken  on  the  coast.  The  weav- 
ing of  cotton  was  introduced  here  about  thirty  years 
since,  but  has  of  late  much  declined.  The  market, 
which  has  fallen  into  disuse,  was  held  on  Thursday, 
and  was  granted,  together  with  two  fairs,  to  Sir  John 
Strangeways  in  the  8th  of  James  I.,  a  former  market, 
granted  to  one  of  the  abbots,  and  held  on  Friday, 
having  been  long  discontinued.  One  of  the  fairs  has 
also  been  discontinued;  the  other,  which  is  for  sheep 
and  toys,  is  held  on  the  10th  of  July.  The  LIVING  is 
a  discharged  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£10;  net  income,  £140;  patron  and  impropriator,  the 
Earl  of  Ilchester,  whose  tithes  have  been  commuted  for 
a  rent-charge  of  £127.  10.  The  church  is  a  large  hand- 
some structure,  in  the  later  style  of  English  architecture, 
with  a  square  embattled  tower,  and  is  thought  to  have 
contained  the  remains  of  the  founder  of  the  abbey  and 
his  wife,  which  were  removed  hither  from  the  conventual 
church  at  the  dissolution.  A  school,  originally  founded 
for  twenty  boys,  was  further  endowed  in  1754,  by  Mrs. 
Horner,  with  £21  per  annum,  for  instructing  ten  addi- 
tional boys ;  and  a  charity  school,  for  clothing  and 
educating  twenty  girls,  is  supported  by  the  Countess  of 
Ilchester,  who  has  also  established  an  infants'  school. 
St.  Catherine's  chapel,  supposed  to  have  been  erected 
in  the  reign  of  Edward  IV.,  stands  on  an  eminence  south- 
west of  the  town,  and  serves  only  as  a  land-mark  :  it  is 
built  wholly  of  freestone  dug  out  of  the  hill  on  which  it 
is  situated ;  the  roof  is  finely  groined,  and  on  each  side 
is  a  handsome  porch.  About  a  mile  and  a  half  to  the 
west  of  Abbotsbury  is  an  ancient  intrenchment  occupy- 
ing an  area  of  nearly  20  acres ;  and  near  the  town  is  a 
cromlech. 

ABBOTSHAM  (ST.  HELEN),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  BIDEFORD,  hundred  of  SHEBBEAR,  Great  Torrington 
and  N.  divisions  of  DEVON,  2  miles  (W.)  from  Bideford  ; 
containing,  with  the  hamlets  of  Shepperton  and  Little- 
ham,  414  inhabitants.  This  parish,  which  is  situated 
on  the  shore  of  Barnstaple  Bay,  is  distinguished  for  a 
memorable  victory  over  the  Danes,  who  besieged  the 


A  BBO 


A  B  ER 


fortress,  called  Kenwith  or  Kenwic  Castle,  towards  the 
close  of  the  ninth  century,  on  which  occasion  their 
main  western  army  was  routed,  and  1C200  of  them,  in- 
cluding their  leader,  slain,  and  their  consecrated  standard 
captured.  The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  valued  in 
the  king's  books  at  £16.  4.  7-;  it  is  in  the  patronage 
of  the  Crown,  and  the  owners  and  occupiers  of  land  are 
the  impropriators.  The  great  tithes  have  been  com- 
muted for  a  rent-charge  of  £32.  10.,  and  the  vicarial  for 
£120 ;  and  there  are  nearly  34  acres  of  glebe.  A 
school  is  partly  supported  by  the  principal  proprietor  of 
land,  the  vicar,  and  the  curate. 

ABBOT-SIDE,  HIGH,  a  township,  in  the  parish 
of  AYSGARTH,  wapentake  of  HANG-WEST,  N.  riding  of 
YORK,  l£  mile  (N.  W.  by  W.)  from  Hawes  ;  containing, 
with  the  chapelries  of  Hardraw  and  Helbeck-Lunds, 
and  the  hamlets  of  Cotterdale,  Fosdale,  Litherskew, 
Sedbusk,  Shaw,  and  Simonstone,  574  inhabitants.  The 
two  townships  of  Abbot- Side  received  their  names  from 
the  monks  of  Jervaulx  abbey,  who  had  a  settlement  and 
considerable  property  in  the  district.  This  township, 
which  comprises  by  computation  13,000  acres,  is  al- 
together wild  and  mountainous,  and  consists  of  moors, 
dales,  and  ravines ;  it  is  rich  in  springs,  waterfalls, 
rocks,  and  caves,  and  a  variety  of  interesting  natural 
curiosities  ;  and  the  magnificent  cataract  called  Hardraw 
Scarr,  102  feet  in  height,  with  its  stupendous  rocks  and 
romantic  caverns,  and  the  elevation  of  Shunner  Fell,  2329 
feet  above  the  level  of  the  sea,  and  commanding  exten- 
sive views  of  several  counties,  are  both  situated  in  the 
township.  The  river  Ure,  on  which  are  several  beauti- 
ful waterfalls,  rises  at  the  head  of  the  valley.  A  rent- 
charge  of  £163  has  been  awarded  to  Trinity  College, 
Cambridge,  as  a  commutation  in  lieu  of  the  impropriate 
tithes. 

ABBOT-SIDE,  LOW,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of 
AYSGARTH,  wapentake  of  HANG-WEST,  N.  riding  of 
YORK  ;  containing,  with  the  hamlets  of  Grange,  Bow- 
bridge,  Helme,  and  Shawcote,  166  inhabitants.  This 
place  is  on  the  north  side  of  the  river  Ure,  and  com- 
prises by  computation  about  5000  acres  of  land  :  Whit- 
field  Gill,  in  which  is  the  picturesque  waterfall  called 
Whitfield  Force,  separates  the  township  from  that  of 
Askrigg.  Here  the  monks  of  Jervaulx  abbey  were  first 
seated,  and  afterwards  maintained  a  cell.  The  impro- 
priate tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent- charge  of 
£42,  payable  to  Trinity  College,  Cambridge.  Two  poor 
widows  of  the  place,  and  four  others  from  Askrigg, 
are  eligible  to  the  almshouses  at  Grange,  founded  and 
endowed  by  Christopher  Alderson,  in  1807. 

ABBOTSLEY  (ST.  MARGARET),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  ST.  NEOT'S,  hundred  of  TOSELAND,  county  of 
HUNTINGDON,  4^  miles  (S.  E.)  from  St.  Neot's  ;  contain- 
ing 443  inhabitants.  It  comprises  about  1700  acres, 
and  is  bounded  by  a  brook  formed  by  the  draining  of 
the  adjacent  lands,  and  which,  passing  onward  between 
three  and  four  miles,  discharges  itself  into  the  river 
Ouse  at  St.  Neot's.  The  pillow-lace  manufacture  affords 
employment  to  the  female  population.  The  living  is 
a  discharged  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£8.  17. ;  net  income,  £85  ;  patrons  and  impropriators, 
Master  and  Fellows  of  Balliol  College,  Oxford.  The 
glebe  consists  of  185  acres,  of  which  125  were  allotted 
to  the  vicar  in  lieu  of  the  small  tithes  on  the  inclosure 
of  the  waste  lands  in  1837  3  the  glebe-house  has  been 
3 


rebuilt.  The  church  is  an  ancient  edifice,  consisting  of 
a  nave,  chancel,  two  aisles,  and  a  tower  at  the  west  end, 
with  a  north  and  south  porch,  a  west  entrance  through 
the  tower,  and  a  chancel  door  ;  it  is  supposed  to  have 
been  erected  between  the  accessions  of  William  Rufus 
and  Edward  III.,  and  was  thoroughly  repaired  in  1837. 
A  Roman  road  once  passed  along  the  western  boundary 
of  the  parish,  and  in  its  track  coins  of  the  Roman 
emperors  are  occasionally  found.  Dr.  Abbott,  father  of 
the  Rt.  Hon.  Charles  Abbott,  speaker  of  the  house  of 
commons,  subsequently  created  Lord  Colchester,  was 
vicar  here  in  the  reign  of  George  II. 

ABBOTSTON  (ST.  PETER),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
ALRESFORD,  hundred  of  BOUNTISBOROUGH,  Winches- 
ter and  N.  divisions  of  HANTS,  2f  miles  (N.  W.)  from 
New  Alresford.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  united  to  the 
vicarage  of  Itchin-Stoke,  and  valued  in  the  king's  books 
at  £13.  6.  8. :  the  church  is  in  ruins.  Here  are  the  re- 
mains of  some  religious  house,  of  which  there  is  no 
authentic  account. 

ABDASTON  (ST.  MARGARET),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  NEWPORT,  N.  division  of  the  hundred  of 
PIREHILL  and  of  the  county  of  STAFFORD,  4  miles  (W. 
by  S.)  from  Eccleshall  ;  comprising  the  townships  of 
Abdaston,  Bishop's  Offlow,  Flashbrook  and  Tunstall, 
and  the  hamlet  of  Knighton,  and  containing  610  in- 
habitants, of  which  number  39  are  in  the  township  of 
Abdaston.  It  consists  of  about  4000  acres,  divided  into 
nearly  equal  portions  of  arable  and  pasture,  with  a  small 
quantity  of  woodland.  The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy, 
in  the  patronage  of  the  Dean  of  Lichfield,  the  appro- 
priator;  net  income,  £100.  The  tithes  have  been  com- 
muted for  £562.  10.  per  annum,  and  the  incumbent 
receives  a  rent-charge  of  £2.  1Q.  In  1724,  John  Wright 
bequeathed  a  small  portion  of  land  for  the  support  and 
education  of  the  poor;  and,  in  1764,  Richard  Whit- 
worth  gave  a  house  and  land  for  similar  purposes. 

ABDON  (ST.  MARGARET),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
LXJDLOW,  hundred  of  MXJNSLOW,  S.  division  of  SALOP, 
12  miles  (S.  W.  by  W.)  from  Bridgenorth  ;  containing 
155  inhabitants.  It  comprises  upwards  of  1100  acres, 
of  which  about  190  are  arable,  664  meadow  and  pasture, 
and  260  waste  land ;  the  surface  is  very  irregular,  and 
the  soil  strong  red  clay  in  the  higher  grounds,  with  a 
sheep-walk,  having  much  gorse  and  fern ;  the  lower 
grounds  are  more  favourable  to  agriculture.  A  few  pits 
on  the  hill  yield  an  inferior  coal,  much  of  which  is  used 
in  lirne-works  ;  formerly  there  were  several  iron  forges 
in  the  neighbourhood.  The  living  is  a  discharged  rec- 
tory, valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £3.  6.  8. ;  patron, 
Hon.  S.  Herbert;  net  income,  £147,  arising  from  tithes 
and  a  small  estate,  with  49  acres  of  glebe,  of  which  22 
are  in  the  parish  of  Stoke  St.  Milborough.  The  church 
is  a  rude  structure,  with  walls  of  great  thickness,  and 
much  of  it  appears  to  have  been  rebuilt  about  150  or  200 
years  ago ;  in  the  chancel  is  a  window  in  the  decorated 
style.  Abdon  Burf,  on  the  summit  of  Brown  Glee  hill, 
is  a  remarkable  oval  inclosure  of  basalt  stones,  evidently 
British;  the  area  measures  from  north  to  south  1317 
feet,  and  at  its  widest  point  from  east  to  west  it  is 
660  feet ;  and  huge  blocks  of  stone  are  scattered  within 
it,  of  which  several  are  arranged  in  circles. 

ABERFORD  (ST.  RICHARD),  a  parish  (formerly  a 
market-town),  in  the  Lower  division  of  the  wapentake 
of  SKYRACK,  W.  riding  of  YORK,  7  miles  (S.  by  E.)  from 

B2 


ABER 


A  B  E  R 


Wetherby,  and  186f  (N.  N.  W.)  from  London,  on  the 
road  to  Carlisle  ;  comprising  the  townships  of  Aberford, 
Parlington,  and  Sturton-Grange,  and  containing  1071 
inhabitants,  of  whom  782  are  in  the  townships  of  Aber- 
ford. The  town,  which  is  situated  in  the  parishes  of 
Aberford  and  Sherburn,  is  built  on  the  gentle  acclivity 
of  a  rock  of  limestone,  near  the  small  river  Cock,  a 
stream  abounding  with  trout  and  eels,  over  which  is 
an  excellent  stone  bridge.  It  consists  principally  of  one 
long  street :  the  houses  are  in  general  of  stone,  and 
many  of  them  are  handsome ;  the  air  is  pure  and  salu- 
brious, and  the  environs  are  thickly  studded  with  ele- 
gant villas.  The  parish  comprises  3S20  acres  of  fertile 
land  ;  there  are  extensive  strata  of  limestone,  and  a 
productive  coal-mine,  from  which  a  railway  has  been 
laid  down  to  a  depAt  in  the  town,  and  an  extensive  trade 
is  carried  on  in  that  article.  The  Leeds  and  Selby  rail- 
way passes  within  three  miles.  The  market,  which  was 
on  Wednesday,  has  been  discontinued  ;  but  a  customary 
market  is  held  on  Friday,  and  fairs  take  place  on  the 
last  Monday  in  April  and  May,  the  first  Monday  in 
October,  the  first  Monday  after  the  18th  of  that  month, 
and  the  first  Monday  after  the  2nd  of  November.  The 
magistrates  hold  a  petty-session  for  the  division  every 
Thursday,  and  a  court  of  requests  for  the  recovery  of 
small  debts  was  established  by  act  of  parliament  iri 
1839 ;  the  town  has  also  lately  been  made  a  polling- 
place  for  the  West  Riding.  The  living  is  a  discharged 
vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £6.  1.  8.,  and  in 
the  patronage  of  Oriel  College,  Oxford,  to  which  esta- 
blishment, and  the  Misses  Gascoigne,  the  impropriation 
belongs ;  net  income,  £305.  The  church  is  an  ancient 
structure,  in  the  early,  decorated,  and  later  styles  of 
English  architecture.  There  is  a  place  of  worship  for 
Wesleyans  ;  and  a  national  school  has  been  built  on  the 
site  of  one  formerly  endowed,  by  Lady  Elizabeth  Hast- 
ings, with  £10  per  annum.  At  the  distance  of  a  mile 
north  of  Aberford  are  vestiges  of  Castle-Cary,  an  ancient 
Norman  fortification.  The  battle  of  Towton,  which  de- 
cided the  long  continued  war  between  the  Houses  of 
York  and  Lancaster,  took  place  within  two  miles  of 
the  town.  The  Roman  road  is  the  parish  boundary 
south  of  the  bridge,  and  cuts  off  a  small  district  on  the 
north,  called  Greystone  Field.  The  Rev.  Mr.  Waters, 
a  former  incumbent,  .died  at  the  advanced  age  of  114 
years. 

ABERGAVENNY  <Sr.  MARY),  a  market-town  and 
parish,  and  the  head  of  a  union,  in  the  division  and 
hundred  of  ABERGAVENNY,  county  of  MONMOUTH,  16 
miles  (W.  by  N.)  from  Monmouth,  and  145  (W.  by  N.) 
from  London,  on  the  road  to  Brecon ;  comprising  the 
hamlets  of  Hardwick  and  Llwyndu,  and  containing 
4953  inhabitants,  of  whom  2720  are  in  the  town.  This 
was  the  Gobannium  of  Antoninus,  a  Roman  station  so 
called  from  the  river  Gobannivs,  now  Gavenny,  from 
which  the  present  name  of  the  town  is  formed,  by  pre- 
fixing the  Welsh  word  Aber,  denoting  its  situation  near 
the  mouth  of  that  river.  Soon  after  the  Conquest,  a 
castle  was  erected  here,  on  an  eminence  overlooking 
the  Usk,  by  Hameline  de  Balun,  or  Baladun,  one  of 
William's  followers,  which  was  besieged  and  taken  in 
1215,  by  Llewelyn,  Prince  of  Wales  :  the  only  remains 
are  the  exterior  walls,  which  appear  to  have  been 
erected  in  the  time  of  Henry  II.,  and  within  which 
a  neat  modern  house  has  been  built.  De  Balun  also 
4 


founded  a  priory  for  Benedictine  monks,  in  honour  of 
the  Blessed  Virgin,  the  revenue  of  which,  at  the  dissolu- 
tion, was  £59.  4.  :  it  stood  in  Monk-street,  and  the  site 
is  now  occupied  by  a  modern  dwelling,  called  the  Priory 
House.  The  TOWN,  which  is  lighted  with  gas  and  well 
supplied  with  water,  is  beautifully  situated  at  the  extre- 
mity of  a  pass,  where  the  mountains  abruptly  termi- 
nate, and  is  watered  by  the  rivers  Usk,  Gavenny,  and 
Kibby,  over  the  first  of  which  is  an  ancient  bridge  of 
fifteen  arches,  including  several  dry  arches  on  each  side. 
The  streets  are  narrow,  and  the  houses  irregularly 
built ;  but  considerable  improvements  have  been  made 
by  the  enlargement  of  the  market-place,  and  the  removal 
of  numerous  projections  in  front  of  the  buildings  ;  and 
the  salubrity  of  the  air,  and  the  picturesque  beauty 
of  the  surrounding  scenery,  attract  numerous  visiters 
during  the  summer  months.  Assemblies  are  occasion- 
ally held.  The  trade  is  principally  in  wool,  a  conside- 
rable quantity  of  which  is  sold  on  the  market-days  during 
the  months  of  June  and  July :  the  mountains  in  the 
neighbourhood  abound  with  coal  and  iron-stone,  and  in 
the  surrounding  districts  numerous  iron-works  have 
been  established.  The  Monmouthshire  and  Brecon 
canal,  which  passes  within  a  mile  of  the  town,  affords 
great  facility  in  distributing  to  every  part  of  the  king- 
dom the  produce  of  the  mines  ;  and  there  is  also  a  tram- 
road  to  Hereford.  The  market-days  are  Tuesday  and 
Saturday,  the  former  chiefly  for  corn :  the  fairs  are 
held  on  the  third  Tuesday  in  March,  May  14th  (which 
is  the  principal),  June  24th,  the  Tuesday  before  July 
20th  (at  which  two  last  a  great  quantity  of  wool  is 
sold),  Sept.  25th,  and  Nov.  19th.  The  charter  of  in- 
corporation, by  which  the  government  of  the  town  was 
vested  in  a  bailiff,  recorder,  and  twenty-seven  burgesses, 
was  forfeited  in  the  reign  of  William  III.,  and  the 
town  is  now  within  the  jurisdiction  of  the  county  magi- 
strates, who  hold  a  petty- session  every  Wednesday. 

The  LIVING  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  valued  in  the 
king's  books  at  £10.  0.  7^- ;  net  income,  £451  ;  patron, 
C.  Bailey,  Esq. ;  impropriator,  Mrs.  Bagot.  The  church 
is  a  spacious  structure,  the  body  and  side-aisles  of 
which  were  taken  down  in  1828,  and  rebuilt,  and  gal- 
leries erected  j  there  are  several  very  ancient  monu- 
ments, principally  of  the  Herberts,  some  of  whom  were 
killed  at  the  battle  of  Agincourt.  A  neat  pile  of  build- 
ing in  the  Tudor  style,  consisting  of  an  oblong  square, 
with  a  handsome  church  dedicated  to  the  Holy  Trinity 
in  the  centre,  was  erected  in  1840,  at  the  sole  expense  of 
Miss  Rachel  Herbert,  of  The  Hill,  near  the  town  :  the 
south  side  of  the  square  consists  of  a  residence  for  the 
minister,  and  four  cottages,  the  north  side  having  the 
same  number  of  cottages,  and  a  schoolroom  for  fifty 
girls,  with  apartments  for  the  mistress ;  Miss  Herbert, 
who  has  endowed  the  cottages,  which  are  for  aged 
women,  is  patroness  for  life,  and  the  bishop  of  the 
diocese  will  afterwards  appoint  to  the  living,  which  Miss 
Herbert  has  endowed  with  £3000.  There  are  two  places 
of  worship  for  Baptists,  and  one  each  for  Independents, 
English  and  Welsh  Wesleyans,  and  Roman  Catholics. 
The  free  grammar  school,  founded  by  Henry  VIII.  in 
1 543,  and  formerly  under  the  management  of  the  cor- 
poration, was,  on  the  forfeiture  of  their  charter,  placed 
under  the  control  of  the  Master  and  Fellows  of  Jesus' 
College,  Oxford,  who  appoint  the  master,  with  preference 
to  a  fellow  of  that  college  ;  a  writing-master  also  is  ap- 


AB  I  N 


A  BI  N 


pointed.  The  school-house  was  formerly  the  parochial 
church  of  St.  John,  which  was  converted  to  this  purpose 
at  the  dissolution  :  about  the  middle  of  the  last  century 
it  was  rebuilt ;  but  still,  from  its  embattled  tower,  pre- 
sents the  appearance  of  an  ecclesiastical  structure. 
William  Prichard,  in  1623.  founded  a  scholarship  in 
Jesus'  College,  to  which  boys  educated  at  this  school 
are  eligible.  A  national  school  is  supported  partly  by 
voluntary  contributions,  and  partly  from  the  grammar 
school  fund  ;  and  another  school,  for  50  girls,  is  main- 
tained wholly  by  subscription.  The  poor  law  union  of 
Abergavenny  comprises  26  parishes  or  places  in  the 
county  of  Monmouth,  and  2  in  the  county  of  Hereford, 
and  contains  a  population  of  50,834.  A  variety  of  Ro- 
man coins,  among  which  were  a  gold  Otho,  some  bricks 
inscribed  "  Leg.  II.  Aug.,"  and  a  sudatory,  have  been 
discovered  in  the  town  ;  and  within  half  a  mile  of  it  are 
the  remains  of  a  Roman  camp,  near  which  was  a  chapel 
of  ease,  now  converted  into  a  farm-house.  Abergavenny 
confers  the  title  of  Earl  on  the  family  of  Neville  j  the 
earldom,  like  those  of  Arundel  and  Berkeley,  is  a  local 
dignity,  attached  to  the  possession  of  the  castle,  and 
the  only  one  now  subsisting  of  those  baronies  with  which 
the  Norman  warriors,  who  assisted  in  the  subjugation 
of  Wales,  were  rewarded. 

ABERYSTWITH  (ST.  PETER),  a  parish,  in  the 
union,  division,  and  hundred,  of  ABERGAVENNY,  county 
of  MONMOUTH,  9  miles  (S.  W.  by  W.)  from  Aberga- 
venny ;  containing  11,272  inhabitants.  This  parish, 
which  is  sometimes  called  "  Blaenau,"  comprises  about 
11,000  acres  by  computation,  and  abounds  with  valuable 
mines  of  iron,  which  are  worked  on  a  very  extensive 
scale  :  it  is  intersected  by  numerous  tram-roads,  com- 
municating with  the  Brecon  and  Monmouth  canals, 
leading  to  Newport,  where  the  produce  of  the  various 
works  is  shipped.  A  quarry  of  stone  used  for  roofing 
and  paving,  is  also  partially  worked.  There  are  villages 
in  the  parish,  connected  with  the  iron-works  of  Ebbw- 
vale,  Nanty-Glo,  Coalbrook-vale,  Blaina,  and  Cwmelyn. 
The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy,  endowed  with  nearly 
the  whole  of  the  rectorial  tithes,  and  in  the  gift  of  the 
Earl  of  Abergavenny  :  the  impropriate  tithes  have  been 
commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £5.  10.,  and  those  of 
the  incumbent  for  £300.  The  church  is  a  plain  struc- 
ture, erected  in  1827.  There  are  places  of  worship  for 
Baptists,  Wesleyans,  Calvinists,  and  Ranters ;  and  a 
national  schoolroom,  which  is  licensed  as  a  chapel. 

ABINGDON,  a  borough 
and  market-town,  having 
exclusive  jurisdiction,  and 
the  head  of  a  union,  locally 
in  the  hundred  of  HORMER, 
county  of  BERKS,  of  which 
it  is  the  county  town,  6  miles 
(S.)  from  Oxford,  26  (N.  W. 
by  N.)  from  Reading,  and 
56  (W.N.  W.)  from  London  ; 
containing,  exclusively  of 
that  part  of  the  parish  of 
St.  Helen  which  is  in  the 


Arms. 


hundred  of  Hormer,  5585  inhabitants ;  of  which  num- 
ber 4947  are  in  the  parish  of  St.  Helen,  and  638  in 
that  of  St.  Nicholas.  This  place,  according  to  a  manu- 
script in  the  Cottonian  library,  quoted  by  Dugdale, 
was,  in  the  time  of  the  Britons,  a  city  of  consider- 
5 


able    importance,    and    distinguished    as    a   royal   resi- 
dence, to  which  the  people  resorted  to  assist  at  the  great 
councils  of  the  nation.     By  the  Saxons  it  was   called 
Scovechesham,  or   Sewsharn,    but   acquired  the  name   of 
Abbendon,  "  the  town  of  the  abbey,"  on  the  removal 
hither,    in    680,    of   a    monastic    institution    previously 
founded  at  Bagley  Wood,  now  an  extra-parochial  liberty 
in  the  vicinity,  by  Cissa,  viceroy  of  Centwine,  ninth  king 
of  Wessex,  on  which  Ceadwalla,  his  son  and  successor, 
bestowed  the  town  and  its  appendages.     After  the  esta- 
blishment of  the  monastery,  Oifa,  King  of  Mercia,  on  a 
visit  to  Abingdon,  was  so  much  pleased  with  the  situa- 
tion, that  he  erected  a  palace  here,  in  which  he  and  his 
immediate  successors,  Egferth  and  Cenwulf,  occasionally 
resided.     The  monastery  continued  to  flourish  till  871, 
when  it  was  destroyed  by  the  Danes ;  in  consequence 
of  which,  Edred,  grandson  of  Alfred,  in  955,  laid  the 
first  stone  of  a  new  monastery,  which  was  completed 
after  his  death  by  the  abbot  Ethelwold,  and  his  succes- 
sor Ordgar,  and  which,  from  the  extent  of  its  endow- 
ments and  privileges,  subsequently  augmented  by  Edgar 
and   Canute  the  Great,  was  raised  to  the  dignity   of  a 
mitred  abbey.     William  the  Conqueror  celebrated  the 
festival  of  Easter  at  Abingdon,  in  1084,  where  he  was 
sumptuously  entertained  by  Robert  D'Oilly,  one  of  the 
most  powerful  barons  of  the  time,  under  whose  care  he 
left  his  son  Henry  to  be  educated  in  this  convent,  where 
the  prince  imbibed  those  acquirements  which  afterwards 
procured  for  him  the  surname  of  Beauclerc.  At  the  disso- 
lution, the  revenue  of  the  abbey  was  £1876.  10.  9.     A 
nunnery  was  also  founded  here  by  Cilia,  niece  of  Cissa, 
over  which  she  presided  till  her  death,  when   it  was 
removed  to  Witham  :  its  site  was  afterwards  given,  by 
Edward   VI.,  to  Christ's   hospital   in  this  town.     The 
Guild  of  the  Holy  Cross  was  instituted  in  St.  Helen's 
church  prior  to  the  reign  of  Richard  II.,  and  appears  to 
have   been  refounded  in  that  of  Henry  V.,  when  the 
brethren  erected  bridges  at  Burford  and  Culhamford, 
where  the  ferry  across  the  river  was  so  dangerous  that 
passengers  and  cattle  were  frequently  lost :  it  was  dis- 
solved in  1547,  at  which  period  its  revenue  amounted  to 
£85.  15.  6.,  and,  in  1553,  was  appropriated  to  the  en- 
dowment of  Christ's  hospital.     In  the  early  part  of  the 
civil  war  of  the  seventeenth  century,  Charles  I.  garri- 
soned Abingdon,  where  he  established  the  head- quarters 
of  his  cavalry  ;  but  on  the  retreat  of  the  royal  forces  to 
Oxford,  in  1644,  the  Earl  of  Essex  took   possession   of 
it,  and  garrisoned  it  for  the  parliament ;  and,  a  few  days 
afterwards,  Waller's  army,   which  had  been  stationed 
near  Wantage,   entered   this   town,  and   among   other 
excesses    destroyed   the   cross  in  the  market-place,  at 
which,  in  1641,  the  accommodation  with  the  Scots  was 
celebrated  by  2000  choristers  :  this  cross  is  particularly 
noticed  by  Camden  for  its  beauty,  and  was  the  model 
of  one  afterwards  erected  at   Coventry.     Sir    Stephen 
Hawkins,  in  1645,  and  Prince  Rupert,  in  the  following 
year,  attacked  the  garrison  unsuccessfully  :  on  these  oc- 
casions the  defenders  put  every  Irish  prisoner  to  death, 
without  trial,  whence  the  expression  "  Abingdon  law." 

The  TOWI?,  which  is  pleasantly  situated  at  the  influx 
of  the  small  river  Ock  into  the  Thames,  is  handsomely 
built,  and  consists  of  several  spacious  streets  diverging 
from  the  market  place  ;  it  is  also  well  paved  and  lighted, 
under  a  local  act  of  the  6th  of  George  IV.,  and  is  amply 
supplied  with  water.  The  several  bridges  near  the  town 


A  BI  N 


have  been  widened  and  improved  by  voluntary  contri- 
butions, and  the  causeway  connected  with  Culham 
bridge  forms  a  pleasant  promenade.  An  act  for  in- 
closing lands  was  passed  in  1841.  Races  take  place 
here  in  September,  at  which  time  assemblies  are  held  in 
the  council-chamber.  The  manufacture  of  woollen  goods 
was  formerly  carried  on  to  a  great  extent,  but  has  quite 
declined  ;  and  during  the  late  war  it  had  a  good  trade 
in  sail-cloth,  sacking,  and  coarse  manufactures  of  a 
similar  description ;  but,  owing  to  the  competition  of 
the  establishments  in  the  north  of  England  and  in 
Scotland,  this  source  of  employment  has  also  declined. 
The  trade  now  consists  in  corn  and  in  malt,  and  is  car- 
ried on  to  a  considerable  extent.  Several  wharfs  and 
warehouses  have  been  constructed,  where  the  Wilts  and 
Berks  canal  joins  the  Thames,  near  its  confluence  with 
the  Ock.  The  market-days  are  Monday,  chiefly  for 
corn  (of  which  a  large  quantity  is  sold),  and  Friday, 
for  provision  only :  fairs  for  horses  and  horned  cattle 
are  held  on  the  first  Monday  in  Lent,  May  6th,  June 
20th,  Aug.  5th,  Sept.  IQth,  the  Monday  before  Old 
Michaelmas  day  (a  statute  fair),  Monday  after  Oct.  12th 
(a  great  market),  and  Dec.  llthj  and  there  is  also  a 
fair  for  wool. 

The  BOROUGH  was  incorporated  by  Philip  and  Mary 
in  1555-6,  and  subsequent  charters  were  granted  by 
Elizabeth,  James  1.,  and  George  III.,  chiefly  confirma- 
tory of  the  original,  by  which  the  corporation  was  styled 
the  "  Mayor,  Bailiffs,  and  Burgesses  of  the  borough  of 
Abingdon  3"  but  the  corporation  is  now,  under  the 
Municipal  Act  of  1836,  styled  the  "  Mayor,  Aldermen, 
and  Burgesses,"  which  has  been  adopted  as  the  motto 
of  their  new  seal ;  and  consists  of  a  mayor,  4  aldermen, 
and  12  councillors :  the  burgesses  are  about  300  in 
number,  and  the  mayor,  late  mayor,  and  recorder,  with 
four  others,  are  justices  for  the  borough,  of  which  the 
municipal  and  parliamentary  boundaries  are  the  same. 
A  court  of  sessions  is  held  quarterly,  with  jurisdiction 
over  felonies  and  misdemeanors ;  a  court  of  record  for 
the  recovery  of  debts  not  exceeding  £10  takes  place  every 
Tuesday,  on  which  day  the  magistrates  hold  also  a 
petty-session  ;  and  courts  leet  and  view  of  frankpledge 
are  held  by  the  mayor  within  a  month  after  Easter  and 
Michaelmas.  The  old  borough  gaol  has  been  converted 
into  a  police  station-house  and  other  uses,  and  the 
borough  justices  have  the  privilege  of  committing  pri- 
soners to  the  county  bridewell ;  the  prisoners,  however, 
being  supported  out  of  the  borough  rate.  The  town 
returns  a  member  to  parliament  -.  the  elective  franchise 
is  vested  in  the  inhabitants  paying  scot  and  lot  and 
not  receiving  alms ;  and  the  mayor  is  the  returning 
officer.  The  members  for  the  county  are  elected  at 
Abingdon  ;  and  the  county  magistrates  hold  a  petty- 
session  on  alternate  Mondays  for  the  Abingdon  division. 
The  market-house  is  a  spacious  and  elegant  building 
of  freestone,  erected  by  the  corporation  in  1678,  having 
a  commodious  hall  in  which  the  county  court  and  the 
Nisi  Prius  court  at  the  assizes  are  held,  and  public 
business  connected  with  the  borough  or  county  is 
transacted.  The  county  bridewell,  a  handsome  stone 
edifice,  erected  in  1811,  at  an  expense  of  £26,000,  com- 
prises a  neat  court-house,  in  which  the  -crown  court  at 
the  summer  assizes  and  the  July  county  sessions  are 
held  j  the  October  sessions  take  place  here  and  at  Read- 
ing alternately. 
6 


Abingdon  comprises  the  parishes  of  ST.  HELEN  and 
ST.  NICHOLAS  ;  the  former  including,  in  the  out-parish, 
part  of  the  townships  of  Shippon  and  Northcourt  and 
the  whole  of  Sandford,  Barton,  and  Pumney  j  and  the 
latter,  the  remainder  of  Shippon  and  Northcourt,  also 
some  lands  in  Sunningwell  and  Bayworth,  which  are  all 
without  the  limits  of  the  borough.  The  living  of  St. 
Helen's  is  a  vicarage,  with  that  of  St.  Nicholas  and  the 
chapelry  of  Drayton  annexed,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £29.  11.  3.,  and  having  a  net  income  of  £225  ; 
it  is  in  the  patronage  of  the  Crown,  and  the  impro- 
priation  belongs  to  the  Crown  and  others.  The  church 
is  a  handsome  structure,  in  the  early  English  style,  with 
a  square  embattled  tower,  surmounted  by  a  lofty  spire. 
In  addition  to  the  annexed  vicarage,  there  is  also  a  dis- 
charged sinecure  rectory  belonging  to  the  parish  of  St. 
Nicholas,  and  in  the  patronage  of  the  Crown ;  net  in- 
come £30.  The  church  of  St.  Nicholas,  built  about  the 
close  of  the  thirteenth,  or  commencement  of  the  four- 
teenth, century,  has  some  remains  of  Norman  archi- 
tecture. Mr.  Wrigglesworth  left  lands  and  tenements, 
in  Abingdon,  for  the  support  of  a  lecture  in  St.  Helen's 
church,  to  be  delivered  every  Saturday  evening  from 
Michaelmas  to  Lady-day,  and  at  the  church  at  Marcham 
(a  village  two  miles  and  a  half  distant)  on  every  Sun- 
day morning  from  Lady-day  till  Michaelmas.  There 
are  places  of  worship  for  Baptists,  the  Society  of 
Friends,  Independents,  and  Wesleyans.  The  Free  Gram- 
mar school,  for  the  education  of  "  Threescore  and  thir- 
teen" boys  was  founded  in  1563,  by  John  Royse,  and 
endowed  with  two  messuages  in  Birchin-lane,  London, 
now  occupied  by  part  of  the  premises  belonging  to 
the  London  Assurance  Company.  In  1608,  William 
Bennett,  of  "  Marlborowe,"  left  lands  in  "  Brodebluns- 
don"  for  the  maintenance  of  six  poor  scholars  in  Royse's 
school,  who  are  elected  by  the  master  and  governors  of 
Christ's  hospital  in  this  town,  and,  from  the  increase 
of  the  funds,  are  clothed,  and  instructed  also  in  writing 
and  arithmetic  j  and  in  1609,  Thomas  Tesdale  gave  cer- 
tain lands  in  the  county  of  Warwick,  to  maintain  an 
usher,  whose  salary  is  £120.  6.  per  annum.  The  school 
is  entitled  to  six  scholarships  at  Pembroke  College, 
Oxford,  established  by  Thomas  Tesdale,  two  to  be  filled 
by  the  founder's  kin,  and  the  others  from  Abingdon 
school ;  and  to  four  more  scholarships  at  the  same 
college,  instituted  by  Richard  Wightwick,  two  for  the 
founder's  kin.  Preference  is  given  to  boys  on  Bennett's 
foundation,  and  the  master's  private  pupils  are  eligible. 
Several  bequests  have  also  been  left  for  the  education  of 
poor  boys  and  girls  in  other  schools  ;  and  a  national 
and  a  British  school  are  carried  on. 

Christ's  Hospital,  on  the  west  side  of  St.  Helen's 
church,  erected  in  1446,  originally  belonged  to  the  fra- 
ternity of  the  Holy  Cross,  on  the  dissolution  of  which 
establishment,  in  1547,  the  inhabitants  applied,  through 
Sir  John  Mason,  to  King  Edward  VI.,  for  the  restora- 
tion of  their  lost  estates,  and  the  foundation  of  an 
hospital  for  the  relief  of  the  poor  of  the  town  j  in  com- 
pliance with  which  application  that  monarch,  by  letters 
patent  in  1553,  founded  the  hospital  under  its  present 
name,  and  incorporated  twelve  persons  for  its  govern- 
ment, by  the  name  of  "  The  Master  and  Governors  of 
the  Hospital  of  Christ."  It  consists  of  almshouses  for 
six  poor  men  and  six  women  and  a  nurse,  with  cloisters, 
and  a  handsome  hall,  where  prayers  are  read  morn- 


A  BI  N 


AI3KE 


ing  and  evening  to  the  inmates.  An  almshouse  was 
built  in  1718,  for  eighteen  men  or  women  ;  and  there 
is  another,  near  the  river  Isis,  for  six  men  or  women, 
to  which  Mr.  Beasley,  in  1826,  bequeathed  £600  stock, 
the  interest  to  be  paid  weekly,  and  the  late  Thomas 
Knight,  Esq.,  in  1836,  left  £600  three  and  a  half 
per  cents.  St.  John's  hospital,  in  the  Vineyard,  was 
endowed  before  the  Reformation,  for  six  poor  men, 
and  rebuilt  by  the  corporation,  in  1801  :  B.  Bed  well, 
Esq.,  was  a  liberal  contributor  to  it,  and  Mr.  Beasley 
added  £600  stock  to  the  endowment.  An  almshouse 
near  St.  Helen's  church  was  erected  in  1707,  by  Charles 
Twitty,  for  the  maintenance  of  three  men  and  three 
women;  bequests  of  £C200  each,  by  John  Bed  well,  in 
1799,  and  Samuel  Cripps,  in  1819,  and  of  £600  three 
per  cent,  stock  by  Mr.  Beasley,  in  1826,  have  been 
added  to  the  original  endowment.  There  are  also  houses 
for  four  men  and  four  women,  endowed  in  1733,  by 
Benjamin  Tornkins ;  and  various  charitable  bequests 
have  been  made  to  the  poor  of  the  town.  The  union 
of  Abingdon  comprises  27  parishes  or  places,  in  the 
county  of  Berks,  and  11  in  that  of  Oxford,  and  con- 
tains a  population  of  18,789-  The  remains  of  the  abbey 
consist  chiefly  of  the  gateway  entrance,  which,  though 
greatly  mutilated,  displays  some  beautiful  details  of  the 
later  style  of  English  architecture.  St.  Edmund,  Arch- 
bishop of  Canterbury  ;  Sir  John  Mason,  British  am- 
bassador at  the  court  of  France,  and  chancellor  of  the 
University  of  Oxford  5  and  the  late  Lord  Colchester, 
were  natives  of  this  place  ;  which  confers  the  title  of 
Earl  on  the  family  of  Bertie. 

ABINGER  (ST.  JAMES),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
DORKING,  First  division  of  the  hundred  of  WOTTON, 
W.  division  of  SURREY,  4|  miles  (S.  W.  by  W.)  from 
Dorking ;  containing  9*20  inhabitants.  This  parish  is 
noticed  in  the  Domesday  survey,  under  the  appellation 
of  Abinebourne ;  it  comprises  a  small  hamlet  called 
Hammer,  from  an  iron  hammer  mill  formerly  erected 
here.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £12.  8.  l£.,  and  in  the  gift  of  the  Evelyn 
family :  the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent- 
charge  of  £584,  and  there  are  85  acres  of  glebe.  The 
church,  which  occupies  an  elevated  site,  is  an  ancient 
edifice,  with  a  low  wooden  tower  and  pyramidal  spire. 
A  school  was  commenced  in  1829,  and  is  supported  by 
subscription.  Lady  Evelyn,  in  1817,  left  £500  to  the 
poor  of  this  and  the  adjoining  parish  of  Wotton  ;  and 
the  parish  enjoys  benefit  from  Henry  Smith's  charity. 
Oakham  Grove  was  the  seat  of  the  celebrated  Sir  John 
Evelyn,  and  Parkhurst,  of  Lord  Macartney.  Sir  James 
Scarlett  was  raised  to  the  peerage  by  the  title  of  Baron 
Abinger  in  1835,  having  just  previously  been  created 
chief  baron  of  the  exchequer. 

ABINGHALL  (ST.  MICHAEL),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  WESTBURY,  hundred  of  ST.  BRIAVELLS,  W. 
division  of  the  county  of  GLOUCESTER,  4  miles  (N.  by 
W.)  from  Newnham  ;  containing  239  inhabitants.  This 
place,  formerly  called  Abbenhall,  derived  its  name  from 
having  been  the  residence  of  the  abbots  of  Flaxley.  It 
contains  691  acres,  of  which  306  are  arable,  238  pas- 
ture, and  121  woodland;  the  surface  is  hilly,  and  the 
soil  in  general  sandy,  but  towards  the  east  it  is  rich  and 
fertile,  and  the  scenery  rurally  picturesque.  There  are 
mines  of  coal  and  iron  ore,  and  stone  is  quarried ;  and 
facilities  of  conveyance  are  afforded  by  tram-roads  and 
7 


the  Severn.  The  manufacture  of  paper  is  carried  on  to 
a  considerable  extent  at  Gun's  mills,  formerly  an  iron 
furnace ;  the  machinery  is  worked  by  a  stream  issuing 
from  St.  Anthony's  well,  the  water  of  which  is  reputed 
to  be  efficacious  in  cutaneous  diseases.  The  living  is  a 
discharged  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at.  £6.  6.  8., 
and  in  the  gift  of  the  Dean  of  Llandaff  :  the  tithes  have 
been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £136.  17.,  and 
there  are  26  acres  of  glebe.  The  church  is  an  old  edifice, 
in  the  early  English  style. 

ABINGTON  (Sr.  PETER  AND  ST.  PAUL),  a  parish, 
in  the  hundred  of  SPELHOE,  union,  and  S.  division 
of  the  county,  of  NORTHAMPTON,  l£  mile  (E.  N.  E.)  from 
Northampton ;  containing  143  inhabitants.  This  was 
the  residence  and  burial-place  of  Elizabeth  Hall,  grand- 
daughter of  the  immortal  Shakspeare,  and  widow  of 
Thomas  Nash,  Esq. :  she  married  Sir  John  Bernard, 
lord  of  the  manor  of  Abington,  and  resided  here  till  her 
death.  The  parish,  which  is  bounded  on  the  south  and 
south-east  by  the  river  Nene,  comprises  1 140  acres ; 
and  the  roads  to  Kettering  and  Wellingborough  pass 
through  it.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £20  ;  net  income,  £200  ;  patron,  J.  H.  Thursby, 
Esq.  The  church  exhibits  various  styles  of  English 
architecture. 

ABINGTON,  GREAT  (Sr.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  LINTON,  hundred  of  CHILFORD,  county  of 
CAMBRIDGE,  2^  miles  (N.  W.)  from  Linton  ;  containing 
358  inhabitants.  This  place  was  formerly  in  the  pos- 
session of  the  Veres,  Earls  of  Oxford,  to  one  of  whom  a 
market  on  Friday,  to  be  held  here,  was  granted  about 
1256,  with  a  fair  on  the  festival  of  St.  Lawrence,  both  of 
which  have  been  long  discontinued.  The  living  is  a 
discharged  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£7.  16.  3. ;  net  income,  £62  ;  patron  and  irnpropriator, 
T.  Mortlock,  Esq.  The  tithes,  with  some  exceptions, 
were  commuted  for  land  under  an  inclosure  act  in  1801. 
A  school  for  girls  is  supported  by  subscription. 

ABINGTON-IN-THE-CLAY,  or  ABINGTON-PIGOTS 
(ST.  MICHAEL),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of  ROYSTON, 
hundred  of  ARMINGFORD,  county  of  CAMBRIDGE,  4^ 
miles  (W.  N.  W.)  from  Royston  ;  containing  232  in- 
habitants. It  had  formerly  the  privilege  of  holding  a 
market  on  Friday,  granted  about  the  year  1335  to  the 
Bassingbourns.  The  parish  comprises  1239a.  8p.,  of 
which  885  acres  are  arable,  268  meadow,  64  wood,  and 
19  occupied  by  cottages.  The  living  is  a  rectory, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £16.  2.  3^.,  and  in  the 
gift  of  M.  G.  F.  Pigott,  Esq. :  the  tithes  have  been  com- 
muted for  a  rent-charge  of  £354,  and  there  are  28  acres 
of  glebe.  A  school  is  supported  by  subscription. 

ABINGTON,  LITTLE  (S-r.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  LINTON,  hundred  of  CHILFORD,  county  of 
CAMBRIDGE,  2f  miles  (N.  W.  by  N.)  from  Linton;  con- 
taining 277  inhabitants.  This  place  appears  to  be  of 
some  antiquity,  its  church  having  been  given  by  Ste- 
phen, Earl  of  Brittany,  to  the  monastery  of  St.  Mary  in 
York,  subsequently  to  which,  the  prior  of  Pentney,  in 
Norfolk,  possessed  it.  The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £7.  6.  5^. ;  net  in- 
come, £87 ;  patron,  T.  Mortlock,  Esq.  The  tithes  were 
commuted  for  land  and  a  money  payment  by  an  in- 
closure act  in  1801. 

AB-KETTLEBY  (ST.  JAMES),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  MELTON-MOWBRAY,  hundred  of  FRAMLAND, 


ABT  H 


A  C  C  O 


N.  division  of  the  county  of  LEICESTER,  3  miles 
(N.  W.  by  N.)  from  Melton-Mowbray,  on  the  road  to 
Nottingham ;  containing,  with  the  hamlet  of  Holwell, 
380  inhabitants.  This  parish,  situated  near  the  border 
of  Nottinghamshire,  comprises  2127  acres,  of  which  660 
are  arable,  and  1467  pasture.  The  living  is  a  vicarage, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £15.  10.  5.,  and  in  the 
patronage  of  the  Rev.  Thomas  Bingham  :  the  tithes  for 
the  waste  grounds  inclosed  in  the  parish  were  commu- 
ted for  land  by  an  inclosure  act  in  1761.  At  Holwell 
is  a  chapel  of  ease.  There  is  a  school  for  children  of  both 
sexes,  supported  by  the  incumbent. 

ABLINGTON,  a  tything,  in  the  parish  of  BIBURY, 
union  of  NORTHLEACH,  hundred  of  BRIGHTWELL'S-BAR- 
ROW,  E.  division  of  the  county  of  GLOUCESTER,  Similes 
(N.  W.  by  N.)  from  Fairford ;  containing  96  inhabit- 
ants. The  vicarial  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a 
rent-charge  of  £364.  5. 

ABLINGTON,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  FIGHEL- 
DEAN,  union  and  hundred  of  AMESBURY,  Everley  and 
Pewsey,  and  S.  divisions  of  WILTS  ;  containing  137  in- 
habitants. 

ABNEY,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  HOPE,  union 
ofBAKEWELL,  hundred  of  HIGH  PEAK,  N.  division  of 
the  county  of  DERBY,  4f  miles  (N.  E.)  from  Tideswell ; 
containing  102  inhabitants. 

ABRAM,  a  township,  in  the  parish  and  union  of 
WIGAN,  hundred  of  WEST  DERBY,  S.  division  of 
the  county  of  LANCASTER,  4^  miles  (N.  N.  E.)  from 
Newton-in-Mackerfield  ;  containing  901  inhabitants,  in- 
cluding 35  in  barges.  It  comprises  1769  acres,  of  which 
442  are  arable,  and  1327  pasture.  A  district  church, 
dedicated  to  St.  John,  has  lately  been  built,  towards  de- 
fraying the  expense  of  which  the  Incorporated  Society 
granted  £200;  and  a  school-house  was  erected,  in  1824, 
at  the  cost  of  Mrs.  Bevan,  of  Lowton  house.  The  tithes 
have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £242. 

ABRIDGE,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  LAMBOURN, 
union  and  hundred  of  ONGAR,  S.  division  of  ESSEX,  6^ 
miles  (N.  N.  W.)  from  Romford.  This  place,  which  is  on 
the  high  road  to  Chipping-Ongar,  and  is  bounded  on  the 
north  by  the  river  Roding,  was  formerly  called  Affe- 
bruge,  or  Affebridge ;  it  has  within  the  last  few  years 
been  rapidly  increasing,  and  contains  several  handsome 
houses.  A  chapel  of  ease  was  erected  in  1833;  a 
national  school  has  been  established ;  and  there  is  a 
place  of  worship  for  Wesleyans. 

ABSON.— See  WICK  and  ABSON. 

ABTHORPE  (ST.  JOHN  THE  BAPTIST),  a  parish,  in 
the  union  and  hundred  of  TOWCESTER,  S.  division  of 
the  county  of  NORTHAMPTON,  3  miles  (Vf.  S.  W.)  from 
Towcester ;  containing,  with  the  hamlets  of  Char- 
lock and  Foscot,  449  inhabitants.  This  place  was  for- 
merly a  chapelry  dependent  upon  the  vicarage  of 
Towcester,  from  which  it  was  separated  by  act  of 
parliament  in  1737,  and  constituted  a  distinct  parish. 
It  is  situated  on  the  right  bank  of  the  river  Tow,  which 
bounds  it  on  the  north-west  ;  and  consists  of  1895a.  3r. 
\lp.  Limestone  is  quarried.  The  living  is  a  vicarage 
not  in  charge  ;  net  income,  £184;  patrons,  alternately, 
the  Bishop  of  Lichfield,  and  Samuel  Blencowe,  Esq.,  and 
others,  to  whom  the  impropriation  also  belongs.  The 
tithes  were  partially  commuted  for  land  under  an  inclo- 
sure act  in  1822  ;  and  those  of  the  Bishop  have  been  re- 
cently commuted  for  a  reat-charge  of  £220 ;  there  are 
8 


about  50  acres  of  appropriate  glebe.  Mrs.  Jane  Leeson, 
by  will  dated  in  1646,  bequeathed  certain  property  to 
the  poor  in  this  and  other  villages,  and  also  for  the  in- 
struction of  children  in  a  school-house  here,  previously 
erected  at  her  expense  :  the  estate  at  Abthorpe  com- 
prises a  dwelling-house  and  about  60  acres  of  land, 
together  with  an  allotment  of  nearly  57  acres  under  the 
act  of  inclosure. 

ABY  (ALL  SAINTS),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of  LOUTH, 
Marsh  division  of  the  hundred  of  CALCEWORTH,  parts 
of  LINDSEY,  county  of  LINCOLN,  3  miles  (N.  W.  by  W.) 
from  Alford  ;  containing,  with  the  hamlet  of  Greenfield, 
312  inhabitants.  The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage, 
united,  in  1732,  to  the  rectory  of  Belleau,  and  valued  in 
the  king's  books  at  £6.  3.  6. 

ACASTER-MALBIS  (HOLY  TRINITY),  a  parish,  in 
the  union  of  YORK,  partly  in  the  AINSTY  wapentake 
and  W.  riding,  but  chiefly  in  the  wapentake  of  OUZE 
and  DERWENT,  E.  riding  of  YORK,  4±  miles  (S.  by  W.) 
from  York  ;  containing  748  inhabitants,  of  which  number 
322  are  in  the  township  of  Acaster-Malbis.  This  place 
partly  derives  its  name  from  the  family  of  Malby,  who 
flourished  here  for  some  centuries  after  the  Conquest, 
until  at  length  a  daughter  and  heiress  was  married  to 
Fairfax,  of  Walton,  created  Viscount  Emley.  It  comprises 
by  computation  1839  acres,  and  is  intersected  by  the 
navigable  river  Ouse.  The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy  ; 
net  income,  £56  ;  patron  and  impropriator,  Sir  F.  Law- 
ley,  Bart.  A  school  is  endowed  with  land  given  by  John 
Knowles  in  1603,  which  produces  £29.  4.  7-  per  annum, 
and  is  vested  in  feoffees,  who  appoint  fourteen  poor 
children  on  the  foundation. 

ACASTER-SELBY,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of 
STILLINGFLEET,  E.  division  of  AINSTY  wapentake,  and 
W.  riding  of  YORK,  7-3:  miles  (S.  by  W.)  from  York  ; 
containing  188  inhabitants.  This  place,  which  anciently 
belonged  to  the  abbot  of  Selby,  is  pleasantly  situated  on 
the  banks  of  the  navigable  river  Ouse.  A  college  for 
a  provost  and  two  or  three  fellows,  one  of  whom  was 
to  instruct  children,  was  founded  here  by  Robert  Stil- 
lington,  the  revenue  of  which,  at  the  dissolution, 
was  £33.  10.  4.  A  school  is  aided  by  a  small  endow- 
ment. 

ACCONBURY, *  or  ACORNBURY  (ST.  JOHN  THE 
BAPTIST),  a  parish,  in  the  Upper  division  of  the  hun- 
dred of  WORMELOW,  union  and  county  of  HEREFORD, 
4  miles  (S.)  from  Hereford  ;  containing  158  inhabitants. 
This  parish  comprises  1590  acres  by  computation,  and 
is  intersected  by  the  old  road  from  Ross  to  Hereford, 
and  on  its  western  side  by  that  between  Hereford  and 
Monmouth.  A  nunnery  of  the  order  of  St.  Augustine 
was  founded  here,  in  the  reign  of  John,  by  Margery, 
wife  of  Walter  de  Lacy,  to  the  honour  of  the  Holy 
Cross,  the  revenue  of  which,  at  the  dissolution,  was 
£75.  7.  5£.  :  the  remains  have  been  converted  into  a 
farm-house,  and  some  stone  coffins  are  still  preserved. 
The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy ;  net  income,  £53 ; 
patrons,  the  Governors  of  Guy's  Hospital,  London. 
The  vaults  of  the  church  contain  the  ashes  of  many 
illustrious  persons,  among  whom  are  the  first  Duke  of 
Chandos,  and  an  Earl  of  Carnarvon.  On  the  summit 
of  Acconbury  hill,  celebrated  for  its  fine  plantations  and 
drives,  and  its  beautiful  views,  are  traces  of  a  large 
Roman  encampment,  the  rampart  of  which,  on  the  east 
side,  is  plainly  discernible. 


A  C  K  L 


A  C  K  W 


ACCRINGTON,  a  post-town,  in  the  parish  of  WHAL- 
LEY,  union  of  HASLINGDEN,  Higher  division  of  the  hun- 
dred of  BLACKBURN,  N.  division  of  LANCASHIRE,  5^ 
miles  (E.  by  S.)  from  Blackburn  ;  comprising  the  cha- 
pelry  of  Old,  and  the  township  of  New,  Accrington  ; 
and  containing  8719  inhabitants,  of  whom  1811  are  in 
Old,  and  6908  in  New,  Accrington.  Within  the  last  few 
years  this  place  has  acquired  considerable  importance, 
frbm  its  situation  in  the  calico-printing  district  ;  and 
some  large  establishments  for  spinning  cotton  thread, 
and  weaving  and  printing  calico,  have  been  formed. 
An  act  for  lighting  the  township  with  gas,  and  supplying 
the  inhabitants  with  *water,  was  passed  in  1841.  Old 
Accrington  contains  about  739  acres,  and  New  Accring- 
ton, 2450.  The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy  ;  net  income, 
£158;  patron,  Vicar  of  Whalley ;  appropriator,  Arch- 
bishop of  Canterbury.  The  chapel  was  taken  down  and 
rebuilt  upon  a  larger  scale,  in  1896;  and  an  additional 
church  was  erected  in  1840,  in  the  form  of  a  cross,  at 
an  expense  of  above  £7000,  defrayed  by  Messrs.  Har- 
greaves  and  Co.,  and  other  inhabitants.  There  are 
places  of  worship  for  Baptists,  Wesleyans,  and  Sweden- 
borgians  ;  also  a  national  school,  erected  by  subscription 
in  1806,  and  towards  the  support  of  which  Jonathan 
Peel,  Esq.,  in  1824,  gave  £1000. 

ACHURCH.— See  THORPE-ACHURCH. 

ACKLAM  (Sr.  'JOHN  THE  BAPTIST),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  MALTON,  wapentake  of  BUCKROSE,  E.  riding 
of  YORK  ;  containing  the  townships  of  Acklam-with- 
Barthorpe  and  Leavening,  and  845  inhabitants,  of  whom 
411  are  in  Acklam-with-Barthorpe,  7i  miles  (S.)  from 
New  Malton.  The  parish  comprises  about  4000  acres ; 
the  surface  is  elevated,  including  a  portion  of  the  wolds, 
from  which  a  most  extensive  view  of  the  surrounding 
country  is  obtained  ;  and  the  scenery  is  in  many  parts 
beautifully  romantic.  The  soil  in  the  valley  is  a  strong 
clay,  and  in  other  parts  of  lighter  quality  ;  and  stone  of 
a  good  kind  for  building  is  largely  quarried.  The  village 
is  situated  in  a  narrow  valley,  on  the  west  of  the  wolds. 
The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £5;  net  income,  £108;  patron  and  appro- 
priator, Chancellor  of  the  Cathedral  of  York.  The 
church,  rebuilt  in  1790,  is  a  neat  structure,  with  a  square 
tower,  and  contains  250  sittings,  all  of  which  are  free. 
There  are  places  of  worship  for  Primitive  Methodists 
and  Wesleyans.  The  parochial  school  is  endowed  with 
one  acre  of  land,  and  is  further  supported  by  subscrip- 
tion. 

ACKLAM-iN-CLEVELAND,  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
STOCKTON-UPON-TEES,  W.  division  of  the  liberty  of 
LANGBAURGH,  N.  riding  of  YORK,  3  miles  (S.  E.  by  E.) 
from  Stockton  ;  containing  97  inhabitants.  This  parish, 
which  is  on  the  road  from  Stokesley  to  Stockton,  and 
bounded  on  the  west  by  the  river  Tees,  includes  parts  of 
the  townships  of  Linthorpe  and  Ayresome,  and  com- 
prises an  area  of  about  1050  acres,  chiefly  the  property 
of  Thomas  Hustler,  Esq.,  lord  of  the  manor ;  the  sur- 
face is  varied,  but  generally  flat.  The  soil  in  the  eastern 
portion  is  clay,  and  in  the  western  sandy,  and  the 
scenery  of  pleasing  character ;  the  lands,  which  are 
nearly  all  arable,  and  in  good  cultivation,  are  divided 
into  several  farms  of  moderate  extent.  The  Stockton 
and  Middlesborough  railway  passes  through  the  parish. 
Acklam  Hall,  the  seat  of  Mr.  Hustler,  has  been  recently 
re-fronted,  and  is  a  spacious  and  handsome  mansion  of 
VOL.  I.— 9 


brick,  pleasantly  situated  in  grounds  well  laid  out,  and 
ornamented  with  plantations.  The  village  is  on  the  road 
side.  The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy,  in  the  patronage 
of  the  Archbishop  of  York,  the  appropriator,  and  has 
a  net  income  of  £44  :  the  church,  which  had  become 
dilapidated,  was  rebuilt  in  1772,  and  is  a  neat  structure, 
covered  with  Westmorland  blue  slates.  At  Linthorpe 
is  a  school  endowed  with  a  house  and  garden  and  £5 
per  annum,  bequeathed  by  Miss  Everald  Hustler,  in 
1770.  The  parish  was  formerly  noted  for  a  fine  breed 
of  Durham  short-horned  cattle. 

ACKLINGTON,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  WARK- 
WORTH,  union  of  ALNWICK,  E.  division  of  COQUETDALE 
ward,  N.  division  of  NORTHUMBERLAND,  10^  miles 
(S.  S.  E.)  from  ALNWICK  ;  containing  301  inhabitants. 
The  manor  formed  a  part  of  the  barony  of  Warkworth, 
and  at  a  very  early  period  belonged  to  the  Percys,  earls 
of  Northumberland,  in  whose  family  it  still  remains. 
The  village,  which  is  pretty  large,  is  situated  a  little  to 
the  south  of  the  river  Coquet,  and  about  midway  between 
the  sea  and  the  road  from  Alnwick  to  Morpeth  ;  and  is 
chiefly  inhabited  by  mechanics  and  labourers.  The 
tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  amounting 
to  £283.  7-  6.,  of  which  £232.  18.  are  payable  to  the 
Bishop  of  Carlisle,  and  £50.  9-  6.  to  the  vicar.  Coal  is 
obtained  in  the  township. 

ACKLINGTON-PARK,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of 
WARKWORTH,  union  of  ALNWICK,  E.  division  of  CO- 
QUETDALE ward,  N.  division  of  NORTHUMBERLAND, 
9  miles  (S.  S.  E.)  from  Alnwick:  containing  133  inha- 
bitants. This  place  lies  on  the  south  side  of  the  river 
Coquet,  not  very  far  distant  from  the  North  sea,  and  in 
a  fine  secluded  situation  :  it  belongs  to  the  Duke  of 
Northumberland.  There  is  a  coarse  woollen  manufac- 
tory. The  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge 
of  £56.  14.  9.,  of  which  £55.  11.  6.  are  payable  to  the 
Bishop  of  Carlisle,  and  £1.  3.  3.  to  the  vicar. 

ACKTON,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  FEATHER- 
STONE,  Lower  division  of  the  wapentake  of  AGBRIGG, 
W.  riding  of  YORK,  3^  miles  (W.)  from  Pontefract ; 
containing  76  inhabitants.  This  place,  called  also  Aikton, 
a  probable  corruption  of  Oak  Town,  from  the  number  of 
oak  trees  growing  in  its  vicinity,  comprises  by  compu- 
tation 1090  acres  of  land.  Aikton  Hall  was  purchased 
by  Langdale  Sunderland,  Esq.,  of  Halifax,  one  of  the 
worthies  who  followed  the  fortunes  of  Charles  L,  and 
who  raised  a  troop  of  horse  for  his  Majesty's  service, 
and  was  at  the  battle  of  Marston  Moor  :  Oliver  Crom- 
well fined  him  £878. 

ACKWORTH  (ST.  CUT u BERT),  a  parish,  in  the 
Upper  division  of  the  wapentake  of  OSGOLDCROSS,  W. 
riding  of  YORK,  3£  miles  (S.  S.  W.)  from  Pontefract; 
containing  1828  inhabitants.  This  parish,  which  occu- 
pies an  elevated  situation,  comprises  2537«.  3r.  27p.  of 
profitable  land,  and  36  acres  of  roads  and  waste ;  the 
soil  is  fertile ;  the  surface  is  boldly  undulated,  and  the 
surrounding  scenery  is  richly  embellished  with  wood. 
Freestone  of  excellent  quality  is  abundant,  and  there  are 
some  extensive  quarries  at  Moor  Top  in  the  parish. 
Ackworth  Park  is  the  beautiful  seat  of  John  Gully,  Esq., 
and  Ackworth  House,  that  of  Major  Goldsworthy.  The 
village,  which  is  divided  into  High  and  Low  Ackworth, 
is  situated  on  rising  ground  near  the  source  of  the  river 
Went,  and  contains  numerous  neat  and  well-built  houses 
with  several  pleasant  villas  in.  the  immediate  neigh- 

C 


A  CLE 


A  COM 


bourhood.  Handloom  weaving  is  carried  on  to  a  limited 
extent.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £22.  1.  0|.,  and  in  the  patronage  of  the  Crown, 
in  right  of  the  Duchy  of  Lancaster ;  net  income,  £403. 
The  tithes  were  commuted  for  land  and  a  money  pay- 
ment, under  an  act  of  inclosure,  in  1774,  and  the  glebe 
comprises  152  acres.  The  church,  an  ancient  structure 
situated  in  Upper  Ackworth,  has  at  various  times  under- 
gone much  alteration  and  repair,  and  contains  500 
sittings,  of  which  100  are  free.  There  is  a  place  of 
worship  for  Wesleyans. 

The  school  belonging  to  the  SOCIETY  OF  FRIENDS 
was  originally  and  for  some  years  an  appendage  to  the 
Foundling  Hospital  of  London,  for  which  purpose  it  was 
originally  built,  at  an  expense  of  £13,000,  defrayed  by 
subscription,  aided  by  a  grant  from  parliament :  upon 
its  separation  from  that  institution,  the  house,  with  84 
acres  of  land  attached  to  it,  was  purchased  in  1777  by 
Dr.  Fothergill  and  two  or  three  other  gentlemen  of  the 
Society  of  Friends  for  £7000,  and  was  afterwards  appro- 
priated as  a  school  for  the  education  of  the  children  of 
the  less  wealthy  members  of  that  community.  The 
buildings,  which  are  situated  between  Higher  and  Lower 
Ackworth,  consist  of  a  centre  and  two  wings  connected 
by  corridors,  and  comprise  arrangements  for  the  recep- 
tion of  180  boys  and  120  girls,  who  are  instructed  by  four 
masters  and  four  mistresses,  respectively,  in  the  general 
rudiments  of  an  English  education  ;  and  of  the  boys, 
20  of  the  more  advanced  are  taught  Latin.  During  the 
intervals  of  study  the  boys  are  frequently  employed  in 
farming  and  gardening,  and  the  girls  in  the  various 
domestic  duties ;  and  when  of  proper  age,  the  former 
are  placed  out  as  apprentices  to  various  trades,  and  the 
latter  as  servants  in  respectable  families.  The  school  is 
under  the  superintendence  of  a  committee  of  28  friends 
resident  in  Ackworth  and  its  vicinity,  and  of  a  com- 
mittee of  21  resident  in  London.  The  buildings,  to 
which  various  additions  have  been  made,  together  with 
the  land,  which  has  been  extended  to  274  acres,  are 
estimated  at  £30,000  ;  and  a  fund  of  £500,  vested  in 
the  three  per  cents,  is  appropriated  to  the  apprenticing 
of  the  boys,  and  to  the  distribution  of  premiums  to  the 
girls,  as  an  encouragement  to  remain  for  three  years  at 
least  in  one  family.  A  school  for  girls  was  established 
in  1833  by  Miss  Howard,  and  one  for  boys  in  1840  by 
subscription  ;  and  the  hospital  and  school  at  High  Ack- 
worth were  built  by  Mrs.  Mary  Lowther,  who  in  1741 
endowed  them  with  17  acres  of  land,  now  producing 
£30  per  annum,  and  with  £700  invested  at  5  per  cent 
interest.  From  this  endowment  a  schoolmaster  receives 
£16  per  annum  for  teaching  20  children  ;  and  six  alms- 
houses  were  endowed  by  Mrs.  Mary  Lowther,  in  1741, 
for  six  aged  women,  who  have  an  annuity  of  £7-  12. 
each.  There  also  several  benefactions  for  distribution 
among  the  poor  of  the  parish. 

ACLE  (ST.  EDMUND),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of  BLO- 
FIELD,  hundred  of  WALSHAM,  E.  division  of  NORFOLK, 
11  miles  (E.)  from  Norwich;  containing  864  inhabit- 
ants. This  place,  at  the  time  of  the  Norman  Conquest, 
became  a  fief  of  the  crown,  and  was  granted  by  William 
to  Roger  Bigod,  who  obtained  for  it  the  privilege  of  a 
market  and  a  fair  ;  and  in  the  reign  of  Richard  II.  the 
inhabitants  were  exempted  from  all  tolls  and  suits  of 
shire  and  hundred,  and  invested  with  several  valuable 
immunities.  The  parish  comprises  3l64#.  2r.  8p.,  a 
10 


large  portion  of  which  is  grazing  land  reclaimed  from 
marshy  ground  ;  the  uplands  consist  of  a  fine  loamy 
soil,  and  are  exceedingly  fertile.  The  village  is  situated 
on  the  road  from  Norwich  to  Yarmouth,  and  on  a  gentle 
eminence  rising  from  the  banks  of  the  navigable  river 
Bure,  over  which  is  a  stone  bridge  of  three  arches,  and 
of  great  elevation.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in 
the  king's  books  at  £20,  and  in  the  gift  of  Lord  Cal- 
thorpe  :  the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  £720,  and 
there  are  about  twenty  acres  of  glebe,  and  a  good  rectory- 
house.  The  church,  which  is  chiefly  in  the  decorated 
style,  consists  of  a  nave  and  chancel,  with  a  circular 
tower,  the  upper  part  of  which  i9  octagon  :  the  edifice 
was  thoroughly  repaired  and  beautified  in  1834.  A  school 
for  boys  and  girls  is  chiefly  supported  by  Lord  Calthorpe, 
and  by  subscription.  At  Weybridge  a  small  priory  for 
Augustine  canons  was  founded  in  the  reign  of  Edward 
I.,  by  Roger  Bigod,  Earl  of  Norfolk,  the  revenue  of 
which  at  the  dissolution  was  £7.  13.  4. 

ACOMB  (ST.  STEPHEN),  a  parish,  in  the  AINSTY 
wapentake,  W.  riding  of  YORK  ;  containing  880  inha- 
bitants, of  whom  774  are  in  the  township  of  Acomb,  2^ 
miles  (W.)  from  York,  on  the  road  to  Leeds  via  We- 
therby.  This  parish,  anciently  Ascham,  comprises  by 
measurement  1920  acres,  and  is  bounded  on  the  north 
by  the  river  Ouse,  on  which  is  a  small  wharf  for  coal, 
lime,  &c.  adjacent  to  the  Darlington 'railway  :  the  soil  is 
of  a  sandy  and  gravelly  nature,  and  the  air  remarkably 
salubrious  ;  and  several  mansions  and  villas  are  occu- 
pied by  families  of  the  first  respectability.  Acomb 
House  is  an  establishment  for  the  insane  in  the  higher 
grades  of  society,  conducted  by  Mr.  Hodgson,  late  sur- 
geon and  superintendent  to  the  York  Lunatic  Asylum, 
and  who,  on  retiring  from  that  institution  in  1828, 
received  the  thanks  of  a  special  court  of  governors,  con- 
sisting of  52  members,  through  the  Archbishop  of  York. 
The  village  has  a  neat  appearance ;  and  the  York  and 
North-Midland  railway  passes  near  it  at  Hob  Moor. 
Part  of  Knapton  and  also  Dringhouses  are  in  the  parish, 
and  churchwardens  are  elected  for  these  places  along 
with  those  for  Acomb. 

The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £3.  9.  2.;  net  income,  £109;  patron  and 
incumbent,  the  Rev.  Isaac  Spencer,  M.A.,  of  "  The  Plan- 
tation," near  York.  The  peculiar  of  Acomb  formerly 
belonged  to  the  Treasurer  in  the  Cathedral  of  York,  but 
was  surrendered,  with  the  rectory,  to  the  Crown  in 
1547 ;  and  in  1609  it  was  granted  by  James  I.  to 
Thomas  Newark  and  his  heir.  The  tithes  of  the  town- 
ships of  Acomb  and  Holgate  were  commuted  for  land 
and  a  money  payment,  by  an  inclosure  act  in  1774. 
The  church,  rebuilt  in  1831-2,  by  subscription,  and  a 
grant  from  the  Church  Building  Society,  is  an  elegant 
structure,  with  a  graceful  spire,  and,  standing  on  the 
highest  ground  in  the  vicinity  of  York,  has  a  very  pic- 
turesque appearance  :  it  contains  609  sittings,  of  which 
212  are  free.  There  are  places  of  worship  for  Wesleyans 
and  Primitive  Methodists ;  and  a  national  school  is 
supported  by  subscription.  Four  annuities  for  the  poor, 
left  by  WTilliam  Wharton,  in  1829,  and  three  other 
donors,  produce  £16.  17.  per  annum.  Half  a  mile  from 
the  village  is  a  hill,  supposed  to  be  the  tumulus  of  Sep- 
timius  Severus,  the  Roman  emperor,  who  died  at  York, 
and  which  is  now  called  Severus'  Hill. — See  the  article 
on  DRINGHOUSES. 


A  CTO 


A  CTO 


ACOMB,  EAST,  a  township,  iu  the  parish  of  BYWELL- 
ST.  PETER,  union  of  HEXHAM,  E.  division  of  TINDALE 
ward,  S.  division  of  NORTHUMBERLAND,  8  miles  (E.) 
from  Hexham  ;  containing  37  inhabitants.  It  is  situated 
about  a  mile  north  from  Byvvell,  and  consists  of  two 
farms  ;  and  Peepee,  a  pleasant  hamlet,  lies  at  a  little 
distance  to  the  westward.  This,  and  many  other  parts 
of  the  Bywell  estate,  are  covered  with  trees  of  a  remark- 
ably fine  growth,  which  impart  to  the  landscape  a  rich 
and  luxuriant  aspect.  The  township  is  the  property  of 
T.  W.  Beaumont,  Esq. 

ACOMB,  WEST,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  ST. 
JOHN-LEE,  union  of  HEXHAM,  S.  division  of  TINDALE 
ward  and  of  NORTHUMBERLAND,  if  mile  (N.)  from 
Hexham  ;  containing  571  inhabitants.  This  place,  an- 
ciently Hameshaly,  belonged  to  the  prior  of  Hexham, 
and  is  supposed  to  have  been  the  favourite  retreat  of  St. 
John  of  Beverley  :  on  the  dissolution  of  the  priory  it 
came  to  the  crown,  and  in  1724  was  the  property  of  the 
Coatsworth  family,  and  subsequently  of  the  Jurins  and 
Hunters.  The  township  is  bounded  on  the  south  by 
the  river  Tyne  :  coal  is  obtained  within  its  limits  ;  and 
the  Newcastle  and  Carlisle  railway  passes  through  it. 
The  impropriate  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent- 
charge  of  £65. 

ACORNBURY.— See  ACCONBURY. 

ACRISE  (Sr.  MARTIN),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
ELHAM,  partly  in  the  hundred  of  FOLKESTONE,  but 
chiefly  in  that  of  LONINGBOROUGH,  lathe  of  SHEPWAY, 
E.  division  of  KENT,  5  miles  (N.  N.  W.)  from  Folke- 
stone, near  the  road  to  Canterbury  ;  containing  207 
inhabitants.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the 
king's  books  at  £7,  and  in  the  patronage  of  the  Crown  : 
the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of 
£217.  and  there  are  nearly  44  acres  of  glebe. 

ACTON,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  WEAVERHAM, 
union  of  NORTHWICH,  Second  division  of  the  hundred 
of  EDDISBURY,  S.  division  of  CHESHIRE,  4^  miles  (W. 
N.  W.)  from  Northwich ;  containing  382  inhabitants. 
The  Grand  Junction  railway  and  the  Nantwich  branch 
of  the  Chester  canal  pass  through  the  township  ;  and 
on  the  former  a  station  of  the  second  class  has  been 
formed.  A  school  is  chiefly  supported  by  subscription. 

ACTON  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  and 
hundred  of  NANTWICH,  S.  division  of  CHESHIRE,  com- 
prising the  townships  of  Acton,  Aston-juxta-Mondrum, 
Austerson,  Baddington,  Brindley,  Burland,  Cholmond- 
stone,  Cool-Pilate,  Edleston,  Faddiley,  Henhull,  Hurle- 
ston,  Newhall,  Poole,  Stoke,  and  Worleston  ;  and  con- 
taining 4134  inhabitants,  of  whom  328  are  in  the  town- 
ship of  Acton,  1^  mile  (N.  W.  by  W.)  from  Nantwich. 
This  place  was  the  scene  of  some  hostilities  during  the 
parliamentary  war;  and  in  October  1643,  the  church 
and  Dorfbrd  Hall  were  occupied  by  the  royalists,  on 
whose  retreat  both  were  garrisoned  by  the  parliament. 
They  were  afterwards  captured  by  the  king's  troops 
under  Lord  Byron,  but,  on  the  raising  of  the  siege  of 
Nantwich,  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax  compelled  the  garrisons 
to  surrender,  and  among  the  prisoners  were  sixty  officers, 
including  Col.  Monk,  afterwards  Duke  of  Albemarle. 
The  Chester  and  Crewe  railway  passes  close  by  Acton 
Hall,  and  crosses  the  Middlewich  and  Wardle  canal  at 
the  Cholmondstone  lock  in  this  parish.  The  living  is  a 
vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £19.  9.  7- ;  net 
income,  £324  ;  patron  and  impropriator  Admiral  Tolle- 
11 


mache.  The  church  exhibits  some  curiously  ornamented 
windows,  and  the  tower  is  partly  in  the  early  style  of 
English  architecture.  There  is  an  endowed  school ;  and 
a  school  in  connexion  with  the  National  Society  has 
also  been  established.  Sir  Roger  Wilbraham  founded 
and  endowed  two  almshouses  here  in  1613. 

ACTON  (Sr.  MARY},  a  parish,  in  the  union  of  BRENT- 
FORD, Kensington  division  of  the  hundred  of  OSSULSTONE, 
county  of  MIDDLESEX,  5  miles  (W.)  from  London  ; 
containing,  with  the  hamlets  of  East  Acton  and  Steyne, 
2665  inhabitants.  The  name  is  supposed  to  be  derived 
from  the  Saxon  word  Ac,  signifying  oak,  and  tun,  a 
town ;  the  neighbourhood  having,  in  former  times, 
abounded  with  timber  of  that  description,  and  some 
land  in  the  parish,  from  time  immemorial,  having  been 
called  Old  Oak  common.  Previously  to  the  battle  of 
Brentford,  in  1642,  the  Earls  of  Essex  and  Warwick 
had  their  head-quarters  here ;  and,  on  Cromwell's  re- 
turn to  London,  after  the  battle  of  Worcester,  the  lord 
president  and  council  of  state,  the  members  of  the 
house  of  commons,  and  the  lord  mayor,  aldermen,  and 
citizens  of  London,  met  him  at  this  place,  when  the 
recorder  of  London  delivered  a  congratulatory  address, 
after  which  they  attended  him  to  the  metropolis,  form- 
ing altogether  a  train  of  more  than  three  hundred  car- 
riages. The  village  consists  chiefly  of  one  long  street, 
and  is  plentifully  supplied  with  water ;  and  the  Pad- 
dington  canal  and  the  Great  Western  railway  run 
through  the  parish.  A  pleasure  fair  is  held  on  Holy 
Thursday.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £14;  net  income,  £968 ;  patron,  Bishop  of 
London.  The  church,  which  exhibits  portions  in  the 
later  style  of  English  architecture,  with  modern  inser- 
tions, was  enlarged  and  repaired,  at  the  expense  of  the 
inhabitants,  in  1825.  There  is  a  place  of  worship  for 
Independents,  and  the  detached  buildings  of  a  private 
mansion  have  been  fitted  up  as  a  Roman  Catholic 
chapel.  A  Lancasterian  school  has  been  erected  near 
the  church ;  and  there  is  also  a  school  in  union  with 
the  National  Society.  At  East  Acton  are  handsome 
almshouses,  built  and  endowed  by  the  Goldsmiths' 
Company,  for  twelve  men  and  twelve  women.  In  a 
garden,  on  Old  Oak  common,  is  a  mineral  spring,  for- 
merly held  in  general  repute,  but  now  disused. 

ACTON,  with  OLD  FELTON,  a  township,  in  the 
parish  of  FELTON,  union  of  ALNWICK,  E.  division  of 
COQUETDALE  ward,  N.  division  of  NORTHUMBERLAND, 
1\  miles  (S.)  fromAlnwick;  containing  111  inhabit- 
ants. This  place  extends  between  one  and  two  miles 
north  of  the  village  of  Felton.  Acton  House,  the  seat 
of  J.  H.  Hinde,  Esq.,  M.P.,  is  a  handsome  mansion  ;  and 
North  Acton  Hall  is  also  a  fine  structure,  beautifully 
situated  :  the  adjoining  lands  are  fertile  and  picturesque. 
The  impropriate  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent- 
charge  of  £40.  6. 

ACTON  {ALL  SAINTS),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
SUDBURY,  hundred  of  BABERGH,  W.  division  of  SUF- 
FOLK, 3  miles  (N.  E.  by  N.)  from  Sudbury  ;  comprising 
281  la.  21/>. ;  and  containing  555  inhabitants.  There 
are  several  small  hamlets  in  the  parish,  that  which  is 
called  "  the  village "  being  the  principal.  The  living 
is  a  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £9.  6.  8. ; 
patron  and  impropriator,  Earl  Howe.  The  great  tithes 
have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £375,  and 
the  vicarial  for  the  same  amount.  The  church  is  very 


A  C  T  O 


ADD  E 


neat,  and  contains  some  ancient  and  very  handsome 
brasses. 

ACTON,  ANGAR,  a  tything,  in  the  parish  of  IRON- 
ACTON,  Lower  division  of  the  hundred  of  GRUMBALD'S- 
ASH,  W.  division  of  the  county  of  GLOUCESTER. 

ACTON-BEAUCHAMP  (ST.  GILES),  a  parish,  in 
the  union  of  BROMYARD,  Upper  division  of  the  hun- 
dred of  DODDINGTKEE,  Worcester  and  W.  divisions  of 
the  county  of  WORCESTER,  4  miles  (S.  E.)  from  Brom- 
yard  ;  containing  217  inhabitants.  There  are  by  mea- 
surement 1524  acres,  of  which  717  are  arable,  570 
pasture,  150  woodland,  and  82  hop  ground,  &c.  ;  the 
surface  is  very  hilly,  and  the  soil  strong  clay,  occa- 
sionally degenerating  into  sterile  sand.  The  parish  is 
surrounded  on  all  sides  except  the  east  by  the  county  of 
Hereford.  The  living  is  a  discharged  rectory,  valued  in 
the  king's  books  at  £4,  and  in  the  patronage  of  Mrs. 
Cowpland  :  the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent- 
charge  of  £270,  and  the  glebe  consists  of  42  acres. 
There  are  some  mineral  springs  in  the  parish. 

ACTON-BURNELL  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  ATCHAM,  hundred  of  CONDOVER,  S.  division  of 
SALOP,  7  miles  (S.)  from  Shrewsbury ;  containing,  with 
Ruckley  and  Langley,  394  inhabitants.  This  place, 
which  is  of  considerable  antiquity,  is  on  a  branch  of 
the  Roman  Watling-street,  which  passes  through  it ; 
it  takes  the  adjunct  to  its  name  from  the  family  of 
Burnell,  of  whom  Robert,  Bishop  of  Bath  and  Wells, 
and  Lord  High  Chancellor  in  the  reign  of  Edward  I.,  had 
a  castle  here,  of  which  there  are  still  some  remains.  In 
1283,  a  great  council  or  parliament  was  held  here,  at 
which  was  enacted  the  law  of  "  statute  merchant :"  the 
king  and  his  court  were  accommodated  in  the  castle, 
the  lords  assembled  in  a  great  hall  erected  for  them  in 
the  park,  and  the  commons  met  in  a  very  large  barn 
belonging  to  Shrewsbury  Abbey,  of  which  the  gable  ends 
have  been  preserved  to  the  present  time.  Besides  the 
Watling-street,  a  causeway  passes  through  the  parish  ; 
and  there  is  a  Roman  bridge,  and  an  early  specimen  of 
Saxon  antiquity  called  the  Moat.  The  parish  com- 
prises by  computation  2400  acres.  The  living  is  a 
rectory,  with  the  chapelry  of  Langley,  valued  in  the 
king's  books  at  £6.  10.,  and  in  the  gift  of  Sir  E.  J. 
Smythe,  Bart.,  with  a  net  income  of  £350  ;  the  glebe 
consists  of  about  70  acres,  with  a  good  house.  The 
church,  which  is  cruciform,  was  built  in  1264,  and  is  a 
splendid  specimen  of  ecclesiastical  architecture  ;  its  in- 
ternal decorations  are  of  a  highly  ornamental  character. 
There  are  a  Roman  Catholic  chapel,  a  national  school, 
and  a  school  for  the  children  of  Roman  Catholics. 
Nicholas  Burnell,  a  distinguished  warrior  in  the  reign 
of  Edward  III.,  was  born  and  buried  here  ;  and  Langley 
Hall  was  the  birth-place  of  Sir  Humphrey  Lee,  the  first 
baronet  created  in  the  county,  in  1629. 

ACTON-GRANGE,  a  township,  in  the  parish  and 
union  of  RUNCORN,  hundred  of  BUCKLOW,  N.  division 
of  the  county  of  CHESTER,  2f  miles  (S.  W.  by  S.)  from 
Warrington;  containing  175  inhabitants.  The  Grand 
Junction  railway  crosses  the  township,  which  is  on  the 
borders  of  Lancashire. 

ACTON,  IRON.— See  IRON-ACTON. 

ACTON-PIGOT,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  ACTON- 
BURNELL,  union  of  CHURCH-STRETTON,  hundred  of 
CONDOVER,  S.  division  of  SALOP,  6f  miles  (W.  N.  W.) 
from  Much-Wenlock;  comprising  391  acres,  and  con- 
12 


taining  40  persons.  There  was  formerly  a  chapel,  the 
remains  of  which  still  exist. 

ACTON- REYNALD,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of 
SHAWBURY,  union  of  WEM,  liberty  of  the  borough  of 
SHREWSBURY,  N.  division  of  SALOP,  7^  miles  (N.  N.  E.) 
from  Shrewsbury  ;  containing  159  inhabitants. 

ACTON-ROUND,  a  parish,  in  the  union  of  BRIDGE- 
NORTH,  hundred  of  STOTTESDEN,  S.  division  of  SALOP, 
3|  miles  (S.  S.  E.)  from  Much-Wenlock,  6  miles 
(W.  N.  W.)  from  Bridgenorth  ;  containing  180  inhabit- 
ants. This  parish,  which  is  intersected  by  the  road 
from  Much-Wenlock  to  Bridgenorth,  comprises  by  com- 
putation 2126a.  2r.  26j».  The  living  is  a  perpetual 
curacy  j  net  income,  £74;  patron  and  impropriator, 
Sir  John  Acton,  Bart.  Certain  tithes  were  commuted 
for  land  under  an  inclosure  act  in  1773  :  there  are 
about  25  acres  of  glebe,  of  which  14  are  near  Broms- 
grove  in  Worcestershire,  and  11  in  the  parish  of  Stot- 
tesden.  The  church  is  a  neat  edifice,  of  which  the  walls 
are  ornamented  with  monuments  to  the  memory  of  the 
Actons,  by  one  of  whom,  Sir  Richard,  the  chancel  was 
built  in  1761. 

ACTON-SCOTT  (Sr.  MARGARET),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  CHURCH-STRETTON,  hundred  of  MUNSLOW, 
S.  division  of  SALOP,  3  miles  (S.  by  E.)  from  Church- 
Stretton ;  containing  204  inhabitants.  This  parish, 
situated  on  the  new  road  from  Wenlock  to  Bishop's 
Castle,  abounds  with  bold,  and,  in  some  parts,  romantic 
scenery,  and  contains  by  measurement  1600  acres,  all 
cultivated,  excepting  about  200  under  plantation  and 
coppice  :  the  surface  is  hilly  ;  the  soil  comprises  several 
varieties,  and  stone  is  quarried  for  building  and  the 
repair  of  roads.  The  living  is  a  discharged  rectory, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £5.  10.,  and  in  the  gift  of 
E.  W.  W.  Pendarves,  Esq.  :  the  tithes  have  been  com- 
muted for  a  rent-charge  of  £230,  and  there  are  61  acres 
of  glebe.  A  school  is  supported. 

ACTON-TRUSSELL  (ST.  JAMES),  a  parochial  cha- 
pelry, in  the  union  of  PENKRIDGE,  E.  division  of  the 
hundred  of  CUTTLESTONE,  S.  division  of  the  county  of 
STAFFORD,  3^  miles  (N.  N.  E.)  from  Penkridge ;  con- 
taining, with  Bednall,  574  inhabitants.  The  Stafford- 
shire and  Worcestershire  canal  passes  through  the 
chapelry,  which  comprises  2551  acres.  The  living  is  a 
perpetual  curacy,  with  that  of  Bednall  united ;  net  in- 
come, £234  ;  patron  and  incumbent,  Rev.  G.  F.  Moli- 
neaux  ;  appropriator,  Prebendary  of  Whittington  and 
Baswick  in  the  Cathedral  of  Lichfield.  There  are 
churches  at  Acton  and  Bednall,  both  ancient  edifices, 
the  former  in  the  early  English  style,  and  the  latter  of 
varied  architecture. 

ACTON-TURVILLE  (Sr.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  CHIPPING-SODBURY,  Lower  division  of  the 
hundred  of  GRUMBALD'S-ASH,  W.  division  of  the  county 
of  GLOUCESTER,  5f-  miles  (E.)  from  Chipping- Sodbury  3 
containing  3 1 1  inhabitants.  This  place,  which  lies  on 
the  border  of  Wiltshire,  is  exceedingly  well  situated 
with  respect  to  means  of  communication,  roads  branch- 
ing off  from  the  village  to  the  towns  of  Malmsbury, 
Chippenham,  Bath,  and  Chipping-Sodbury,  respec- 
tively. The  living  is  a  vicarage  not  in  charge,  united  to 
the  rectory  of  Tormarton  in  1344. 

ADBASTON.— See  ABDASTON. 

ADBEER,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  TRENT,  union 
of  SHERBORNE,  hundred  of  HORETHORNE,  E.  division 


A  D  D  E 


AD  D  I 


of.  SOMERSET,  4f-  miles  (N.  E.  by  N.)  from  Yeovil.  A 
chapel  dedicated  to  the  Virgin  Mary  was  demolished 
during  the  civil  war. 

ADBOLTON,  formerly  a  parish,  now  a  hamlet  in 
the  parish  of  HOLME-PIERREPOINT,  union  of  BING- 
HAM,  S.  division  of  the  wapentake  of  BINGHAM  and  of 
the  county  of  NOTTINGHAM,  3  miles  (E.  S.  E.)  from 
Nottingham  ;  containing  25  inhabitants.  The  living,  a 
discharged  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£2.  13.  9.,  was,  in  1/07,  consolidated  with  the  rectory 
of  Holme-Pierrepoint  :  the  church  is  in  ruins. 

ADDERBURY,  EAST  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  BANBURY,  hundred  of  BLOXHAM,  county  of 
OXFORD,  3  miles  (N.  by  E.)  from  Deddington ;  con- 
taining, with  the  township  of  West  Adderbury,  and  the 
hamlets  of  Barford  St.  John,  Bodicott,  and  Milton, 
2525  inhabitants.  This  place,  in  Domesday  book  called 
Edburgberic,  probably  derived  that  name  from  St. 
Edburgh,  to  whom  many  religious  establishments  in 
this  part  of  the  country  were  dedicated  :  in  the  court 
rolls  of  New  College,  to  which  the  lordship  belongs,  it 
is  written  "  Ebberbury  ;  "  and  Henry  de  Knyghton 
relates  that,  by  a  council  of  bishops  held  at  Oxford,  a 
blasphemous  impostor,  condemned  for  assuming  the 
name  and  pretending  to  the  wounds  of  Christ,  was 
crucified  at  "  Abberbury,"  now  Adderbury.  The  parish 
comprises  about  5900  acres,  of  which  1120  are  in  West 
Adderbury,  1240  in  Bodicott,  800  in  Milton,  and  700 
in  Barford  St.  John.  In  the  eastern  part  of  the  village 
stood  a  magnificent  ancient  mansion,  belonging  to  the 
Duke  of  Argyle,  afterwards  the  residence  of  the  Earl  of 
Rochester,  and  of  which  the  remains  are  now  incor- 
porated with  a  modern  seat.  The  living  is  a  vicarage, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £21.  4.  9^.  ;  net  income, 
£818  ;  patrons  and  appropriators,  Warden  and  Fellows 
of  New  College,  Oxford.  The  church,  situated  on  ele- 
vated ground,  is  a  handsome  cruciform  structure,  in  the 
early  and  decorated  English  styles,  with  a  massive  square 
tower  strengthened  by  angular  buttresses,  and  crowned 
with  a  pierced  parapet,  from  within  which  rises  an 
octagonal  spire,  having  at  the  base  four  octagonal  pyra- 
mids surmounted  with  vanes  :  between  the  north  tran- 
sept and  the  east  end  of  the  chancel  is  an  octagonal 
turret,  crowned  with  battlements.  The  chancel,  which 
is  of  beautiful  proportions,  and  built  by  William  of 
Wykeham,  is  lighted  by  windows  of  elegant  design, 
though  much  defaced  by  the  insertion  of  mullions  :  part 
of  the  ancient  rood-loft,  of  exquisite  workmanship,  is 
remaining ;  also  some  fine  tracery  at  the  east  end  ;  and 
the  whole  of  the  interior  is  replete  with  rich  details, 
interspersed  with  grotesque  ornaments.  In  each  of  the 
hamlets  of  Bodicott  and  Barford  St.  John  is  a  church, 
both  ancient  structures,  supposed  to  have  been  erected 
in  the  fourteenth  century  ;  and  the  old  parsonage,  now 
a  farm-house,  retains  much  of  its  original  character. 
There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Wesleyans ;  and  some 
endowments  have  been  left  for  the  instruction  of  children. 

ADDERBURY,  WEST,  a  township,  in  the  parish 
of  EAST  ADDERBURY,  union  of  BANBURY,  hundred  of 
BLOXHAM,  county  of  OXFORD,  2  miles  (N.)  from  Ded- 
dington ;  comprising  about  1120  acres,  and  containing 
442  inhabitants. 

ADDERLEY,  county  of  SALOP. — See  ATHERLEY. 

ADDERSTONE,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  BAM- 
BROUGH,  union  of  BELFORD,  N.  division  of  BAMBROUGH 
13 


ward  and  of  NORTHUMBERLAND,  3  miles  (S.  E.  by  S.) 
from  Belford  ;  containing  302  inhabitants.  The  manor 
was  possessed  by  the  ancient  family  of  Forster,  from 
whom  it  came,  in  1763,  to  John  William  Bacon,  Esq., 
by  whom  the  present  handsome  mansion,  which  stands 
near  the  site  of  the  old  hall,  on  the  west  bank  of  the 
Warn,  was  erected,  and  whose  successor  sold  the  estate 
to  J.  Pratt,  Esq.  Twizell  House  is  also  situated  in  the 
township. 

ADDINGHAM  (Sr.  MICHAEL),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  PENRITH,  LEATH  ward,  E.  division  of  CUMBERLAND, 
l£  mile  (S.  E.)  from  Kirk-Oswald;  containing,  with 
the  townships  of  Gamblesby,  Glassonby,  Hunsonby,  and 
Winskel,  and  Little  Salkeld,  735  inhabitants.  The  river 
Eden  forms  the  western  boundary  of  the  parish,  through 
which  the  Roman  road  called  Maiden-way  may  be  traced 
in  many  parts  of  its  course  :  there  are  some  quarries  of 
red  freestone.  The  living  is  a  vicarage,  valued  in  the 
king's  books  at  £9.  4.  7. ;  net  income,  £253  ;  patrons 
and  appropriators,  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Carlisle.  The 
church  is  situated  in  the  township  of  Glassonby  :  at 
Gamblesby  are  places  of  worship  for  Independents  and 
Wesleyans ;  also  one  for  the  latter  at  Hunsonby ;  and 
there  are  well-endowed  free  schools  at  Hunsonby  and 
Maughamby.  At  Little  Salkeld  is  a  remarkable  mo- 
nument, supposed  to  be  Druidical,  commonly  called 
"  Long  Meg  and  her  Daughters,"  consisting  of  67  stones, 
varying  in  shape  and  height,  which  form  a  circle  about 
350  feet  in  diameter ;  and  in  the  same  township  was 
anciently  a  chapel,  the  site  of  which,  according  to  tra- 
dition, was  at  a  village  called  Addingham,  on  the  eastern 
bank  of  the  Eden,  where  human  bones,  crosses,  and 
other  remains,  have  been  dug  up.  Dr.  Paley,  the  cele- 
brated theological  writer,  formerly  held  the  living. 

ADDINGHAM  (ST.  PETER),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  SKIPTON,  partly  in  the  E.  division  of  the  wapentake 
of  STAIN CLIFFE  and  EWCROSS,  and  partly  in  the  Upper 
division  of  the  wapentake  of  CLARO,  W.  riding  of  YORK, 
6  miles  (E.  by  S.)  from  Skipton ;  containing  1753  inha- 
bitants, of  whom  1527  are  in  the  township  of  Adding- 
ham. It  is  situated  on  the  western  side  of  the  river 
Wharfe,  and  within  the  liberty  of  Clifford's  Fee,  and 
comprises  about  4000  acres,  of  which  900  are  open 
common  :  the  soil  is  fertile,  and  the  surface  varied  and 
pleasing  ;  and  freestone  of  good  quality  is  abundant,  and 
extensively  quarried.  Farfield  Hall,  the  seat  of  E.  C. 
Lister  Kaye,  Esq.,  is  a  handsome  mansion  in  the 
Italian  style,  originally  built  by  the  Earl  of  Burlington, 
and  is  finely  situated,  commanding  beautiful  views  of  the 
river  and  of  the  picturesque  valley  through  which  it 
flows.  High  House,  the  residence  of  John  Ellis,  Esq.,  is 
also  in  the  parish.  The  village,  which  consists  of  irre- 
gularly detached  houses,  extends  for  nearly  a  mile  in 
length  :  a  portion  of  the  inhabitants  are  employed  in 
the  cotton  and  worsted  mills,  and  in  handloom  weaving. 
The  living  is  a  discharged  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £9.  7.  8^. ;  income,  about  £400,  with  a  glebe- 
house  beautifully  situated ;  patron,  Rev.  William  Thomp- 
son. The  church,  which  was  rebuilt  in  1757,  is  a  neat 
structure  with  a  square  tower,  and  is  seated  on  an  emi- 
nence overlooking  the  river  ;  it  contains  450  sittings. 
There  are  places  of  worship  for  the  Society  of  Friends, 
Primitive  Methodists,  and  Wesleyans.  On  an  eminence 
called  Counter  Hill,  about  a  mile  from  the  village,  are 
the  remains  of  a  Roman  encampment,  and  some  traces 


ADDI 


AD  D  L 


of  a  Roman  road.     A  massive  and  antique  ring  of  gold 
was  found  in  the  churchyard  some  years  since. 

ADDINGTON  (ST.  MARY],  a  parish,  in  the  union, 
hundred,  and  county  of  BUCKINGHAM,  if  mile  (W.  N.  W.) 
from  Winslow;  containing  84  inhabitants.  It  com- 
prises about  1500  acres  ;  the  surface  is  in  general  level, 
and  the  soil  good  pasture.  The  living  is  a  rectory, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £9.  9.  7-  i  net  income, 
£200  ;  patron,  John  Poulett,  Esq.  :  the  glebe  consists 
of  100  acres.  On  the  border  of  the  parish  is  a  place 
called  "Gallows  Gap,"  where,  in  the  reign  of  Edward 
III.,  a  gallows  was  erected  by  one  of  the  family  of 
Molines,  who,  as  lords  of  the  barony,  possessed  the 
power  of  trying  and  executing  capital  offenders. 

ADDINGTON  (ST.  MARGARET),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  MALLING,  hundred  of  LARKFIELD,  lathe  of 
AYLESFORD,  W.  division  of  KENT,  8  miles  (N.  W.  by  W.) 
from  Maidstone  ;  containing  208  inhabitants.  The  pa- 
rish comprises  about  830  acres,  of  which  100  are  wood- 
land ;  and  contains  one  of  those  land  springs  very  com- 
mon in  the  eastern  part  of  Kent,  called  the  Ailbourn, 
which  breaks  out  with  great  impetuosity  once  in  seven 
or  eight  years,  directing  its  course  into  a  trench  dug  for 
its  reception,  till  it  arrives  at  the  Leybourn  rivulet,  the 
trout  in  which,  at  other  times  white,  it  turns  to  a  red 
colour.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £6.  6.8.;  net  income,  £160;  patron,  Hon. 
J.  W.  Stratford :  the  glebe  consists  of  26  acres.  The 
church  is  pleasantly  situated  in  the  midst  of  foliage  on 
rising  ground  within  a  valley,  near  which  are  remains, 
supposed  to  be  Druidical. 

ADDINGTON  (Sr.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
CROYDON,  First  division  of  the  hundred  of  WALLING- 
TON,  E.  division  of  SURREY,  3^  miles  (E.  S.  E.)  from 
Croydon ;  containing  580  inhabitants.  The  manor  is 
held  by  the  singular  tenure  of  making  and  presenting  to 
the  king,  at  his  coronation,  a  mess  of  pottage  called 
mewpergynon,  subject  to  the  performance  of  which  a 
carucate  of  land  here  was  granted  to  Tezelin,  cook  to 
William  the  Conqueror.  The  parish  comprises  by  ad- 
measurement 3635  acres,  500  of  which  are  underwood 
or  uncultivated.  The  village  is  situated  at  the  foot  of  a 
range  of  hills  to  which  it  gives  its  name  ;  and  adjacent 
to  these  hills  is  Addington  Place,  which,  in  1807,  was 
purchased  by  Dr.  Sutton,  Archbishop  of  Canterbury, 
with  the  funds  arising  from  the  sale  of  the  archiepisco- 
pal  palace  at  Croydon.  The  mansion  was  originally 
erected  by  Alderman  Trecothick,  on  the  site  of  an 
ancient  edifice  said  to  have  been  a  hunting  seat  of 
Henry  VIII. ;  it  was  improved  by  Dr.  Sutton,  and  has 
lately  been  rebuilt  with  the  addition  of  wings,  and  the 
grounds  much  extended  by  Dr.  Howley.  The  living  is 
a  discharged  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£4.  16.  5±. ;  patron,  Archbishop  of  Canterbury ;  im- 
propriators,  the  landowners.  The  great  and  small 
tithes  have  been  commuted  for  rent-charges,  the  former 
for  £559.  18.  6.,  and  the  latter  for  £208.  4.,  and  there 
are  two  acres  of  glebe.  The  church,  a  small  structure, 
consisting  of  a  nave,  chancel,  and  south  aisle,  with  a 
low,  square,  embattled  tower,  appears  to  have  been 
partly  rebuilt  in  the  reign  of  Edward  III.  :  in  the  chan- 
cel lie  the  remains  of  the  late  Archbishop  Sutton.  Near 
the  church  is  an  eminence  called  Castle  hill,  on  which  it 
is  said  that  a  castle  anciently  stood ;  and  on  the  brow 
of  the  hill  adjoining  Addington  common,  and  now  in  the 
14 


park,  are  several  low  tumuli,  in  which  urns   have  been 
found. 

ADDINGTON,  GREAT  (ALL  SAINTS),  a  parish,  in 
the  union  of  THRAPSTON,  hundred  of  HUXLOE,  N.  divi- 
sion of  the  county  of  NORTHAMPTON,  4^  miles  (S.  W.) 
from  Thrapston ;  containing  266  inhabitants.  This 
parish,  situated  on  the  left  bank  of  the  navigable  river 
Nene,  which  bounds  it  on  the  east,  comprises  1233a. 
3r.  31p.  ;  the  surface  is  pleasantly  diversified  with  hill 
and  dale,  and  the  soil  runs  through  many  varieties. 
The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£10.  12.  8^.;  net  income,  £315;  patron  and  incum- 
bent, Rev.  James  Tyley.  The  tithes  were  commuted  for 
327  acres  of  land  and  a  money  payment,  under  an  in- 
closure  act,  in  1803. 

ADDINGTON,  LITTLE  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  THRAPSTON,  hundred  of  HUXLOE,  N.  division 
of  the  county  of  NORTHAMPTON,  3^  miles  (N.)  from 
Higham  Ferrers  ;  containing  299  inhabitants.  On  the 
east  the  parish  is  bounded  by  the  river  Nene,  and  it 
consists  of  1104er.  3r.  29p.  of  a  moderately  productive 
soil.  The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  endowed  with 
the  great  tithes,  and  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£7.  12.;  net  income,  £245;  patron,  T.  Saunderson, 
Esq.  The  tithes  were  commuted  for  land  and  a  money 
payment,  under  an  inclosure  act,  in  1830. 

ADDLE,  or  ADEL,  (ST.  JOHN  THE  BAPTIST),  a  parish, 
in  the  Upper  division  of  the  wapentake  of  SKYRACK, 
W.  riding  of  YORK  ;  containing  1121  inhabitants,  of 
whom  785  are  in  the  township  of  Addle-cum-Eccup, 
5|  miles  (N.  N.  W.)  from  Leeds.  This  place,  anciently 
called  Adhill,  from  the  Ada  of  the  Saxons,  and  in  some 
documents  Adel,  was  the  site  of  the  Roman  station  Bur- 
godunum,  of  which  some  traces,  with  many  inscribed 
stones,  fragments  of  urns,  and  the  remains  of  an  aque- 
duct, were  discovered,  in  1702,  on  an  adjacent  moor, 
near  which  are  vestiges  of  a  camp  about  120  yards  in 
length  and  90  yards  in  breadth,  in  which  several 
Roman  altars,  numerous  coins,  and  various  other  relics, 
have  been  found.  The  parish,  which  is  bounded  on 
the  north  by  the  river  Wharfe,  comprises  by  compu- 
tation 8000  acres ;  and  the  surface  is  varied,  and  the 
scenery  generally  of  pleasing  character.  The  hamlet  of 
Eccup,  which  is  near  the  site  of  the  Roman  camp, 
abounds  with  springs  of  excellent  water,  from  which  the 
Leeds  new  water-works  are  supplied. 

The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£  1 6.  3.  4.  ;  net  income,  £623  ;  patron,  W.  T.  Carruthera, 
Esq.  :  the  glebe  comprises  1 64  acres,  with  a  good 
house.  The  church  is  a  handsome  and  venerable  struc- 
ture of  Norman  design,  and  one  of  the  most  perfect 
specimens  of  that  style  in  the  kingdom;  the  south  door- 
way is  highly  enriched,  and  many  of  its  details  are  of 
great  elegance.  A  school,  in  which  are  about  70  chil- 
dren, is  partly  supported  by  annual  donations  from 
Mr.  Carruthers,  John  Wormald,  Esq.,  of  Cookridge 
Hall,  and  the  Rev.  George  Lewthwaite,  the  rector, 
who  also  supports  a  Sunday  school.  Thos.  Kirk,  Esq., 
in  1701,  bequeathed  £800  to  the  poor,  which  sum  has 
been  laid  out  in  the  purchase  of  two  houses  and  82  acres 
of  land,  producing  an  income  of  £75  per  annum,  which, 
with  a  trifling  deduction,  is  distributed  in  bread  every 
Sunday,  pursuant  to  the  will  of  the  donor. 

ADDLESTONE,  an  ecclesiastical  district,  in  the 
parish  and  union  of  CHERTSEY,  Second  division  of  the 


ABLE 


AD  M  A 


hundred  of  GODLEY,  W.  division  of  SURREY  ;  contain- 
ing about  2000  inhabitants.  A  church  in  the  early 
English  style,  affording  accommodation  for  800  persons, 
has  been  lately  erected,  at  an  expense  of  about  £4000, 
raised  by  subscription ;  it  has  been  endowed  with 
£2000  by  Miss  Wightwick,  whose  family  has  long  re- 
sided in  the  parish  ;  and  the  patronage  is  vested  in  the 
Bishop  of  Winchester.  The  consecration  took  place  in 
Jan.  1838;  and  the  benefice  was  augmented  in  1841  by 
the  Ecclesiastical  Commissioners,  with  £48  per  annum. 

ADDLETHORPE  (ST.  NICHOLAS),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  SPILSBY,  Marsh  division  of  the  wapentake  of 
CANDLESHOE,  parts  of  LINDSEY,  county  of  LINCOLN, 
9£  miles  (E.  S.  E.)  from  Alford  ;  containing  238  inha- 
bitants. It  contains  about  2000  acres  of  land,  situated 
on  the  coast,  and  is  subject  to  encroachments  of  the 
sea,  against  which  it  is  necessary  to  maintain  an  em- 
bankment at  a  considerable  expense.  The  living  is  a 
discharged  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£9.  10.  2|.  ;  net  income,  £72  ;  patron,  the  Crown  :  the 
glebe  consists  of  about  7  acres.  The  church  is  a  fine 
specimen  of  the  perpendicular  style,  and  consists  of  a 
nave,  north  and  south  aisles,  and  a  tower.  There  is  a 
place  of  worship  for  Methodists  ;  and  a  national  school 
has  been  established.  Mr.  Mottram  in  17 10  bequeathed 
money  for  two  almshouses  for  widows,  with  half  an 
acre  of  land  to  each,  and  a  yearly  allowance  of  coals. 

ADFORTON,  with  STANWAY,  PAYTON,  and  GRANGE, 
a  township,  in  the  parish  of  LEINTWARDINE,  union  of 
KNIGHTON,  hundred  of  WIGMORE,  county  of  HERE- 
FORD, 8^  miles  (W.  S.  W.)  from  Ludlow  ;  containing 
288  inhabitants,  and  comprising  1565  acres.  The  sur- 
face is  boldly  undulated,  and  the  southern  portion  well 
wooded.  On  an  eminence  at  the  northern  extremity 
are  the  remains  of  a  Roman  encampment  called  Brandon 
camp  ;  and  the  road  from  Leintwardine  to  Wigmore 
passes  through  the  village  of  Adforton.  A  school  is 
endowed  with  £4  per  annum. 

ADGARLEY,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  URSWICK, 
union  of  ULVERSTONE,  hundred  of  LONSDALE,  north  of 
the  Sands,  N.  division  of  the  county  of  LANCASTER,  2 
miles  (S.  E.  by  E.)  from  Dalton  ;  containing  45  inha- 
bitants. 

ADISHAM  (HOLY  INNOCENTS),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  BRIDGE,  hundred  of  DOWN  HAM  FORD,  lathe  of 
ST.  AUGUSTINE,  E.  division  of  KENT,  2^  miles  (S.  W. 
by  S.)  from  Wingham  ;  containing  372  inhabitants.  It 
lies  a  little  to  the  east  of  the  high  road  from  Canterbury 
to  Dover.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  with  the  perpetual 
curacy  of  Staple  annexed,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£28.  3.  1|.,  and  in  the  gift  of  the  Archbishop  of  Can- 
terbury :  the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent- 
charge  of  £747,  and  there  are  about  13  acres  of  glebe, 
with  a  house.  The  church  is  a  large  cruciform  edifice, 
with  a  low  tower,  in  the  early  style  of  English  architec- 
ture, except  the  large  window  of  the  transept,  which  is 
in  the  decorated  style  :  the  altar-piece  is  embellished 
with  curious  paintings  on  wood  of  the  Four  Evangelists. 
There  is  a  school,  partly  supported  by  subscription. 

ADLESTROP  (ST.  MARY  MAGDALENE),  a  parish,  in 
the  union  of  STOW-ON-THE-WOLD,  Upper  division  of 
the  hundred  of  SLAUGHTER,  E.  division  of  the  county 
of  GLOUCESTER,  3f  miles  (E.  by  N.)  from  Stow  ;  con- 
taining 200  inhabitants.  It  is  bounded  on  the  south- 
east by  the  road  from  Stow  to  Chipping-Norton,  and  on 
15 


the  south-west  by  the  river  Evenlode,  and  is  situated 
on  the  borders  of  Oxfordshire,  not  far  distant  from  the 
southern  extremity  of  the  county  of  Warwick.  The 
living  is  a  rectory  not  in  charge,  annexed  to  that  of 
Broadwell  :  the  tithes  were  partially  commuted  for  land, 
under  an  inclosure  act,  in  1775.  The  church,  with  the 
exception  of  the  tower,  was  rebuilt  in  1764.  A  school 
for  boys  is  supported  at  the  expense  of  the  rector,  and 
one  for  girls  has  a  small  endowment. 

ADLINGFLEET  (ALL  SAINTS),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  GOOLE,  Lower  division  of  the  wapentake  of 
•OscoLDCROSS,  W.  riding  of  YORK  ;  comprising  the 
townships  of  Eastoft,  Fockerby,  and  Haldenby ;  and 
containing  448  inhabitants,  of  whom  199  are  in  the 
township  of  Adlingfleet,  9^  miles  (S.  E.)  from  Howden. 
This  parish  is  situated  on  the  borders  of  Lincolnshire, 
between  the  rivers  Ouse  and  Trent,  and  contains  4580 
acres,  forming  a  continuation  of  the  great  level  of  Hat- 
field  Chase ;  the  soil  is  chiefly  clay,  and,  though  the 
surface  is  flat,  the  scenery  is  pleasing.  The  living  is  a 
vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £9.  12.  li.,  and 
has  a  net  income  of  £280  :  it  is  in  the  patronage  of  the 
Crown,  and  the  impropriation  belongs  to  Catharine 
Hall,  Cambridge.  The  tithes  for  the  townships  of  Ad- 
lingfleet, Fockerby,  and  Haldenby,  were  commuted  for 
land  and  a  money  payment,  under  an  inclosure  act,  in 
1767.  The  church,  which  is  a  small  edifice,  was  re- 
paired in  1828  at  an  expense  of  £500.  There  are  two 
places  of  worship  for  Methodists.  In  1743  Mary  Rams- 
den  bequeathed  the  sum  of  £200  for  apprenticing  boys 
and  educating  girls  in  Fockerby,  Norton,  Linton,  and 
Adlingfleet  :  a  parochial  school  is  carried  on  ;  and  at 
Fockerby  is  a  free  grammar  school. 

ADLINGTON,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  PREST- 
BURY,  union  and  hundred  of  MACCLESFIELD,  N.  divi- 
sion of  the  county  of  CHESTER,  5  miles  (N.  by  W.) 
from  Macclesfield  ;  containing  1159  inhabitants.  Adling- 
ton  Hall,  a  very  ancient  and  curious  structure,  with 
a  garden  of  cut  yew  hedges,  which  has  long  been  the 
residence  of  the  family  of  Legh,  was  garrisoned  for 
Charles  I.  in  the  civil  war,  and  taken  by  the  parliamen- 
tarian forces,  on  the  14th  of  Feb.  1645,  after  a  fort- 
night's siege  :  in  the  south-east  angle  is  a  small  domestic 
chapel,  handsomely  fitted  up,  licensed  by  the  Bishop  of 
Lichfield  and  Coventry  in  the  25th  of  Henry  VI.  There 
are  some  valuable  mines  of  coal,  and  quarries  of  flag- 
stone. A  manorial  court  is  held  in  May  and  December, 
at  which  debts  under  40s.  are  recoverable. 

ADLINGTON,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  STAN- 
DISH,  union  of  CHORLEY,  hundred  of  LEYLAND,  N. 
division  of  the  county  of  LANCASTER,  4  miles  (N.)  from 
Wigan  ;  containing  1130  inhabitants.  A  district  church 
was  erected  in  1838,  by  Her  Majesty's  Commissioners, 
containing  629  sittings,  of  which  33 1  are  free  :  the  liv- 
ing is  a  perpetual  curacy,  of  which  the  incumbent  has  a 
grant  of  £71  per  annum,  from  the  Ecclesiastical  Com- 
missioners. The  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent- 
charge  of  £120.  14.  9. 

ADMARSH,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish  of  LANCASTER, 
union  of  GARSTANG,  hundred  of  LONSDALE,  -south  of 
the  Sands,  N.  division  of  the  county  of  LANCASTER,  4| 
miles  (E.  by  N.)  from  Garstang,  on  the  river  Brock. 
The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy ;  net  income,  £44  ; 
patron,  Vicar  of  Lancaster.  There  are  about  22  acres 
of  glebe,  and  a  small  glebe-house.  The  church,  a 


AD  W  E 


A  FF-P 


neat  edifice,  was  rebuilt  in  1835.  There  is  a  small 
grammar  school ;  and  a  national  school  for  50  children 
has  been  erected. 

ADM  ASTON,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  BLITH- 
FIELD,  union  of  UTTOXETER,  hundred  of  SOUTH  Pi  RE- 
HILL,  N.  division  of  STAFFORDSHIRE  ;  containing  59 
inhabitants. 

ADMINGTON,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  QUINTON, 
union  of  SHIPSTON,  Upper  division  of  the  hundred  of 
KIFTSGATE,  E.  division  of  the  county  of  GLOUCESTER, 
6^  miles  (N.  E.  by  N.)  from  Chipping-Campden ;  con- 
taining 197  inhabitants. 

ADMISTON,  or  ATHELHAMPTON,  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  DORCHESTER,  hundred  of  PIDDLETOWN,  Dor- 
chester division  of  DORSET,  6  miles  (E.  N.  E.)  from 
Dorchester}  containing  74  inhabitants.  This  place  is 
said  to  have  been  the  principal  residence  of  the  Saxon 
kings  of  Wessex,  but  there  is  no  satisfactory  evidence 
of  the  truth  of  that  opinion.  The  living  is  a  rectory, 
with  that  of  Burleston  annexed,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £2  ;  net  income,  £200 ;  patron,  Hon.  W.  T. 
L.  P.  Wellesley.  The  church  is  a  small  edifice,  repaired 
by  Sir  Robert  Long  in  1740,  before  which  it  contained 
an  apartment,  supposed  to  have  been  anciently  inhabited 
by  a  rector  or  custos. 

ADSTOCK  (ST.  CECILIA),  a  parish,  in  the  union, 
hundred,  and  county  of  BUCKINGHAM,  3  miles  (N.  W.) 
from  Winslow,  on  the  road  to  the  town  of  Bucking- 
ham ;  containing  419  inhabitants.  This  parish  consists 
of  1128  acres  of  cultivated  arable  and  pasture  land, 
inclosed  under  an  act  of  parliament  passed  in  1797, 
when  an  allotment  was  awarded  to  the  incumbent  in 
lieu  of  tithes.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the 
king's  books  at  £13.  16.  3.  5  patron,  the  Bishop  of  Lin- 
coln ;  net  income  £235,  arising  from  300  acres  of  land. 
In  the  time  of  the  plague,  in  1665,  the  contagion  having 
extended  to  Buckingham  and  Winslow,  a  market  was 
held  at  this  place. 

ADSTONE,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish  of  CANONS 
ASHBY,  union  of  TOWCESTER,  hundred  of  GREENS- 
NORTON,  S.  division  of  the  county  of  NORTHAMPTON, 
6f  miles  (W.  N.  W.)  from  Towcester  ;  containing  196 
inhabitants.  This  chapelry  comprises  1355  acres  of 
land  by  computation,  partially  undulated,  and  watered 
by  a  stream  which  falls  into  the  river  Tow  :  stone  is 
quarried  for  building.  The  living  is  a  donative  ;  patrons, 
the  Corporation  of  the  Sons  of  the  Clergy.  The  chapel, 
dedicated  to  All  Saints,  is  remarkable  for  the  simplicity 
and  dignity  of  its  architecture,  and  is  supposed  to  have 
been  formerly  dependent  on  Canans-Ashby,  at  which 
place  the  inhabitants  still  continue  to  bury. 

ADVENT,  or  ST.  ADVEN,  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
CAMELFORD,  hundred  of  LESNEWTH,  E.  division  of 
CORNWALL,  if  mile  (S.)  from  Camelford  ;  containing 
291  inhabitants.  It  comprises  3844  acres,  of  which 
the  surface  is  hilly,  and  nearly  half  uncultivated ;  the 
soil  is  slaty,  and  interspersed  with  large  granite  stones  : 
the  river  Camel  flows  on  the  northern  boundary.  There 
are  some  moorlands  in  the  parish,  on  which  peat  and 
turf  are  procured  for  fuel.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  not 
in  charge,  annexed  to  that  of  Lanteglos  cum  Camelford. 

ADWALTON.— See  DRIGHLINGTON. 

AD  WELL   (ST.   MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
THAME,  hundred  of  LEWKNOR,  county  of  OXFORD,  if 
mile  (S.  by  E.)  from  Tetsworth  ;  containing  46  inhabit- 
16 


ants.  It  comprises  about  500  acres  of  land,  bounded 
on  the  north-east  by  the  road  between  Oxford  and  High 
Wycombe.  The  living  is  a  discharged  rectory,  valued 
in  the  king's  books  at  £4.  13.  9.,  and  in  the  patronage 
of  Mrs.  F.  Webb  :  the  rectorial  tithes  have  been  com- 
muted for  a  rent-charge  of  £111,  and  £9  are  payable  to 
the  Dean  and  Canons  of  Windsor;  there  are  about  15 
acres  of  glebe.  Here  is  an  ancient  intrenchment,  called 
Adwell  Cop,  supposed  by  Dr.  Plot  to  have  been  con- 
structed by  the  Danes,  about  the  year  1010. 

ADWICK-LE-STREET  (ST.  LAWRENCE),  a  parish, 
in  the  union  of  DONCASTER,  N.  division  of  the  wapen- 
take  of  STRAFFORTH,  and  TICKHILL,  W.  riding  of 
YORK  ;  containing  554  inhabitants,  of  whom  120  are  in 
the  township  of  Hampole,  and  434- in  that  of  Adwick-le- 
Street,  4  miles  (N.  W.  by  N.)  from  Doncaster.  This 
place,  said  to  derive  the  adjunct  to  its  name  from  its 
situation  on  a  Roman  road,  is  intersected  by  the  great 
northern  road,  and  contains  1543«.  3r.  22;?.,  of  which 
595  acres  are  grass,  924  arable,  and  24  wood  and  plan- 
tation. The  village  is  pleasantly  situated  on  a  declivity, 
and  watered  by  a  stream  that  flows  eastward  to  the 
Don.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £4.  13.  4.  ;  net  income,  £364  ;  patron,  John 
Fullerton,  Esq.  :  the  glebe  consists  of  8  acres.  The 
church  is  a  neat  structure,  with  a  nave,  chancel,  north 
aisle,  and  tower,  and  has  several  ancient  altar  tombs, 
richly  carved,  erected  in  memory  of  the  Fitzwilliam, 
Washington,  and  other  families.  A  school  was  built  in 
1835,  at  an  expense  of  nearly  £200,  partly  by  subscrip- 
tion, and  partly  by  a  grant  from  the  Education  Com- 
mittee ;  ten  guineas  per  annum,  bequeathed,  in  1811,  by 
the  Rev.  WTilliam  Hedges,  a  late  incumbent,  for  the  edu- 
cation of  children,  are  now  paid  to  the  master.  A  spring 
of  pure  water,  in  the  parish,  is  in  some  repute  for  heal- 
ing weak  eyes. 

ADWICK-UPON-DEARNE,  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  DONCASTER,  N.  division  of  the  wapentake  of  STRAF- 
FORTH  and  TICKHILL,  W.  riding  of  YORK,  7  miles 
(W.  by  S.)  from  Doncaster;  containing  108  inhabitants. 
The  parish  comprises  1 105a.  Ir.  22/j.,  of  which  704 
acres  are  arable,  385  meadow  and  pasture,  8  homesteads 
and  orchards,  and  6  canal  ;  the  surface  is  varied,  and 
the  surrounding  scenery  richly  diversified  ;  and  the  river 
Dearne,  and  the  Dearne  and  Dove  canal  pass  through 
the  place.  The  village  is  beautifully  situated  on  the 
southern  acclivity  of  the  picturesque  vale  of  Dearne, 
and  near  it  runs  the  North-Midland  railway.  The  liv- 
ing is  a  perpetual  curacy,  annexed  to  the  vicarage  of 
Wath-upon-Dearne.  There  was  a  church  here  at  an 
early  period,  which  in  the  former  part  of  the  reign  of 
Henry  I.  was  given  to  the  monastery  of  St.  Oswald  of 
Nostell,  then  newly  founded  :  this  edifice,  which  is  the 
present  parochial  church,  still  retains  its  primitive  sim- 
plicity, and  is  the  purest  specimen  remaining  in  the 
deanery  of  Doncaster  of  the  original  village  churches ; 
it  has  a  nave  and  chancel,  with  a  little  shed  in  which 
two  bells  are  hung.  A  powerful  chalybeate  spring  was 
discovered  on  the  glebe  land  in  1820,  and  is  in  consider- 
able repute. 

AFF-PIDDLE,  or  PUDDLE,  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  WAREHAM  and  PURBECK,  hundred  of  HUNDRED'S 
BARROW,  Wareham  division  of  DORSET,  9  miles  (E.  by 
N.)  from  Dorchester ;  containing,  with  Bryant's  Puddle 
tything,  and  the  hamlet  of  Pallington,  507  inhabitants. 


A  G  NE 


A  I  G  H 


The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £8.  14.  9-  ;  patron  and  impropriator,  J.  Framp- 
ton,  Esq.  The  great  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a 
rent-charge  of  £354,  and  the  vicarial  for  one  of  £46.  10. ; 
the  glebe  consists  of  1^  acre.  The  pulpit  in  the  church 
bears  date  1540,  and  is  beautifully  ornamented  with 
carvings.  Johanna,  relict  of  the  Rev.  S.  L.  Milbourne, 
late  vicar,  bequeathed  £150  three  per  cents.,  of  which  the. 
proceeds  are  applied  in  aid  of  a  Sunday  school ;  a  day 
school  for  boys  and  girls  is  partly  supported  by  the 
vicar ;  and  poor  boys  of  the  parish  are  entitled  to  par- 
ticipate in  the  benefits  of  a  charity  at  Moreton,  for 
apprenticing  children. 

AGDEN,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  MALPAS, 
union  of  WREXHAM,  Higher  division  of  the  hundred 
of  BROXTON,  S.  division  of  the  county  of  CHESTER, 
2f  miles  (S.  E.)  from  Malpas ;  containing  97  inhabit- 
ants. The  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge 
of  £63. 

AGDEN,  a  township,  partly  in  the  parish  of  Ros- 
THERN,  but  chiefly  in  that  of  BOWDON,  union  of  AL- 
TRINCHAM,  hundred  of  BUCKLOW,  N.  division  of  the 
county  of  CHESTER,  5^  miles  (N.  N.  W.)  from  Nether 
Knutsford  ;  containing  95  inhabitants.  The  Duke  of 
Bridgewater's  canal  passes  through  the  township.  The 
tithes  of  that  part  in  the  parish  of  Bowdon  have  been 
commuted  for  rent-charges  amounting  to  £32.  13.,  of 
which  £16.  13.  are  payable  to  the  Bishop  of  Chester, 
and  £16  to  the  vicar  of  Bowdon. 

AGELTHORPE,  or  AGGLETHORPE,  a  township,  in 
the  parish  of  COVERHAM,  union  of  LEYBURN,  wapen- 
take  of  HANG- WEST,  N.  riding  of  York,  3^  miles 
(W.  S.  W.)  from  Middleham  ;  containing  195  inhabit- 
ants. It  comprises  by  computation  1090  acres,  and 
includes  within  its  limits  the  places  called  Ashgill,  Tup- 
gill,  Brackengill,  Giles  Alley,  Scotescue  park,  Bird  Rid- 
ding, and  Coverham.  The  Cover  river,  which  has  its 
source  near  the  great  Whernside  mountain,  here  passes 
on  the  south,  and  flows  north-eastward  to  the  Ure. 
The  monks  of  Coverham  had  land  here,  valued  at 
£1.  6.  8.  per  annum  ;  'and  the  village,  which  is  situated 
on  the  northern  acclivity  of  the  romantic  Coverdale,  is 
remarkable  for  its  ancient  hall,  now  a  farm-house,  which 
once  belonged  to  the  Topham  family,  afterwards  to 
the  Chaytors,  and  is  at  present  the  property  of  Mr. 
Ewbank. 

AGLIONBY,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  WARWICK, 
union  of  CARLISLE,  CUMBERLAND  ward,  E.  division  of 
CUMBERLAND,  3f  miles  (E.)  from  Carlisle ;  containing 
137  inhabitants. 

AGNES  (ST.),  a  market-town  and  parish,  in  the 
union  of  TRURO,  W.  division  of  the  hundred  of  PYDER, 
and  of  CORNWALL,  8|  miles  (N.  W.  by  W.)  from  Truro, 
and  263  (W.)  from  London  ;  containing  7757  inhabitants. 
This  place,  formerly  called  Breanic,  or  Bryanic,  is  situ- 
ated in  an  extensive  mining  district,  on  the  northern 
coast,  and  is  hilly  and  barren,  consisting  principally  of 
cottages  inhabited  by  miners.  The  rocks  on  this  part 
of  the  coast  are  precipitous,  and  the  character  of  the 
scenery  for  the  greater  part  boldly  picturesque.  On  a 
pyramidical  rocky  eminence,  664  feet  above  the  level  of 
the  sea,  is  St.  Agnes'  beacon,  formed  out  of  an  ancient 
cairn,  or  tumulus,  which,  during  the  late  war  with 
France,  was  kept  constantly  in  readiness  to  communi- 
cate intelligence  in  the  event  of  any  invasion  :  it  has 
VOL.  I.— 17 


since  that  time  been  greatly  diminished  by  the  removal 
of  the  stone  for  repairing  the  fences  in  the  neighbour- 
hood. At  the  base  of  the  hill  are  vestiges  of  a  strong 
vallum,  supposed  to  have  been  constructed  by  the 
Romans,  which  anciently  extended  for  nearly  two  miles 
in  a  circular  direction.  The  surrounding  district  was 
formerly  worked  only  for  tin,  of  which  the  principal 
mine,  called  "  Scale  Hole,"  after  having  produced  an 
immense  quantity  of  ore,  was  discontinued  a  few  years 
since.  Copper-mines  were  subsequently  opened,  and 
have  been  worked  with  very  great  success.  The  port, 
which  is  a  member  of  that  of  St.  Ives,  carries  on  a  trade 
principally  with  Ireland  and  Wales,  in  the  exportation 
of  copper-ore  and  fire-clay,  and  the  importation  of  coal, 
iron,  machinery,  limestone,  and  grain.  After  many 
fruitless  attempts,  a  pier  of  moorstone,  which  is  here 
called  "  Trevannance,"  was  constructed  by  a  company 
in  1794,  and  the  harbour  has  been  improved  within  the 
last  few  years  :  it  affords  safe  anchorage  to  about  eight 
or  ten  vessels  of  one  hundred  tons'  burthen,  but  can 
only  be  entered  at  high  water.  A  pilchard  fishery  was 
established  in  1802,  which  affords  employment  to  about 
forty  men.  The  market  is  on  Thursday,  and  a  fair 
takes  place  on  the  30th  of  April.  Courts  for  the  duchy 
are  held  here  annually  in  October,  at  which  constables 
and  other  officers  are  appointed.  The  living  is  a  vicar- 
age not  in  charge,  united  to  that  of  Perranzabuloe  :  the 
vicarial  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of 
£265,  and  the  appropriate,  belonging  to  the  Dean  and 
Chapter  of  Exeter,  for  one  of  £250.  The  church  is  an 
ancient  structure,  built  chiefly  of  granite,  with  a  small 
spire  of  the  same  material.  There  are  places  of  wor- 
ship for  Bryanites,  Independents,  and  Wesleyans.  The 
free  school,  founded  by  the  Rev.  St.  John  Elliott,  in 
1760,  has  a  small  endowment,  arising  from  funds  be- 
queathed by  him  for  charitable  uses ;  and  another  school 
is  endowed  with  £5  per  annum.  Near  the  site  of  an 
ancient  chapel,  in  a  dingle  called  Chapelcomb,  was  the 
famous  well  of  St.  Agnes,  of  which  many  miraculous 
stories  are  recorded.  Opie,  the  celebrated  painter,  was 
born  here,  in  1761. 

AIGBURTH,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish  of  CHILD- 
WALL,  partly  in  the  union  of  PRESCOTT,  and  partly  in 
that  of  WEST  DERBY,  hundred  of  WEST  DERBY,  S. 
division  of  the  county  of  LANCASTER,  3  miles  (S.  E.)  from 
Liverpool;  containing  1031  inhabitants.  This  chapelry, 
beautifully  situated  on  the  Mersey  river,  contains  many 
handsome  villas,  and  from  the  salubrity  of  the  air  has 
become  the  residence  of  some  of  the  chief  merchants  of 
Liverpool.  The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy,  in  the  pa- 
tronage of  certain  Trustees  :  the  chapel,  dedicated  to  St. 
Anne,  was  erected  in  1837,  and  is  a  good  edifice  in  the 
Norman  style.  A  school  for  boys  and  girls  in  connex- 
ion with  the  Established  Church  is  supported  by  sub- 
scription. There  is  a  curious  mausoleum  erected  by  the 
well-known  Dr.  Solomon,  who  had  a  residence  in  the 
chapelry. 

AIGHTON,  with  BAILEY  and  CHAIGLEY,  a  town- 
ship, in  the  parish  of  MITTON,  union  of  CLITHEROE, 
Lower  division  of  the  hundred  of  BLACKBURN,  N.  divi- 
sion of  the  county  of  LANCASTER,  5  miles  (W.  by  S.) 
from  Clitheroe ;  containing  1795  inhabitants.  Here  are 
almshouses,  towards  the  support  of  which  J.  Weld,  Esq. 
contributes  £92  per  annum  ;  also  a  free  school,  endowed 
with  £10  per  annum. 

D 


A  I  NS 


A  I  RT 


AIKE,  a  township,  partly  in  the  parish  of  ST.  JOHN, 
borough  of  BEVERLEY,  but  chiefly  in  that  of  LOCKING- 
TON,  union  of  BEVERLEY,  Bainton-Beacon  division  of 
the  wapentake  of  HARTHILL,  E.  riding  of  YORK,  7  miles 
(N.  by  E.)  from  Beverley  ;  containing  98  inhabitants. 
This  place  comprises  about  630  acres,  of  which  upwards 
of  200  are  in  the  parish  of  St.  John,  Beverley  :  it  was 
formerly  an  island,  but  by  means  of  draining  has  been 
connected  with  the  surrounding  country,  although  it  is 
still  low  and  swampy.  The  tithes  were  commuted  for 
land  and  a  money  payment,  under  an  inclosure  act 
passed  in  1771. 

AIKTON  (ST.  ANDREW),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
WIGTON,  CUMBERLAND  ward,  E.  division  of  CUMBER- 
LAND, 4  miles  (N.  N.  E.)  from  Wigton  ;  comprising  the 
townships  of  Aikton,  Biglands  with  Gamblesby,  Wam- 
pool,  and  Wiggonby ;  and  containing  802  inhabitants, 
of  whom  318  are  in  the  township  of  Aikton.  The  living 
is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £14.  13.  1^. ; 
net  income,  £546  ;  patron,  Earl  of  Lonsdale.  A  school 
is  endowed  by  Margaret  Hodgson,  with  houses  and  land 
valued  at  £150  per  annum,  and  is  free  to  the  poor  of 
Aikton,  Burgh-upon- Sands,  and  Beaumont,  and  to  all 
persons  of  the  founder's  name. 

AIKTON,  YORK.— See  ACKTON. 

AILBY,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  RIGSBY,  Wold 
division  of  the  hundred  of  CALCEWORTH,  parts  of  LIND- 
SEY,  county  of  LINCOLN  ;  containing  53  inhabitants. 

AILESWORTH,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  CASTOR, 
union  and  soke  of  PETERBOROUGH,  N.  division  of  the 
county  of  NORTHAMPTON,  2f  miles  (E.  by  S.)  from 
Wansford  ;  containing  363  inhabitants. 

AINDERBY-MYERS.with  HOLTBY,  a  township,  in 
the  parish  of  HORNBY,  union  of  BEDALE,  wapentake  of 
HANG-EAST,  N.  riding  of  YORK,  3^  miles  (S.  by  E.) 
from  Catterick ;  containing  82  inhabitants.  It  is  situ- 
ated in  the  vale  of  a  rivulet,  and  comprises  about  879 
acres  of  land. 

AINDERBY-QUERNHOW,  a  township,  in  the 
parish  of  PICKHILL,  union  of  THTRSK,  wapentake  of 
HALLIKELD,  N.  riding  of  YORK,  5^  miles  (W.  S.  W.) 
from  Thirsk  ;  containing  92  inhabitants.  This  place 
derives  the  adjunct  to  its  name  from  the  querns,  or 
mill-stones,  obtained  from  the  how  or  hill  in  the  parish  : 
it  comprises  an  area  of  527a.  18p.  The  impropriate 
tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £150, 
payable  to  Trinity  College,  Cambridge. 

AINDERBY-STEEPLE  (ST.  HELEN),  a  parish,  in 
the  union  of  NORTH  ALLERTON,  wapentake  of  GILLING- 
EAST,  N.  riding  of  YORK  ;  containing  760  inhabitants, 
of  whom  262  are  in  the  township  of  Ainderby- Steeple, 
3  miles  (W.  S.  W.)  from  North  Allerton.  The  parish 
comprises  the  townships  of  Ainderby-Steeple,  Morton, 
Thrintoft,  and  Warlaby,  and  consists  by  measurement 
of  4599  acres ;  the  township  of  Ainderby-Steeple  extends 
over  1129  acres.  The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £13.  6.  8.,  and  has  a  net 
income  of  £200 ;  the  patronage  and  impropriation  are 
vested  in  the  Crown.  The  church  is  a  handsome  struc- 
ture, on  a  bold  eminence,  and  from  its  lofty  tower, 
which  may  be  seen  at  the  distance  of  30  miles,  the  place 
derives  the  affix  to  its  name. 

AINSTABLE,  with   RUCKROFT   (Sr.  MICHAEL),   a 
parish,   in   the   union   of  PENRITH,    LEATH    ward,  E. 
division  of  CUMBERLAND,   4|  miles    (N.  N.  W.)  from 
18 


Kirk-Oswald,  and  10  miles  (N.  by  E.)  from  Penrith  ; 
comprising  4 17? a.  IHp.,  and  containing  501  inhabitants. 
This  parish,  which  is  bounded  on  the  west  by  the  river 
Eden,  and  on  the  east  and  south  by  the  Croglin,  abounds 
with  beautiful  scenery,  particularly  in  the  vale  of  Crog- 
lin, and  in  the  vicinity  of  Nunnery,  the  seat  of  Major 
Aglionby,  who  erected  a  spacious  and  elegant  mansion 
on  the  site  of  a  Benedictine  convent,  founded  here  by 
William  II.,  the  revenue  of  which  at  the  dissolution  was 
£18.  18.  8.  The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  valued 
in  the  king's  books  at  £8.  8.  2. ;  net  income,  £225  ; 
patron  and  impropriator,  Major  Aglionby.  The  vicarial 
tithes  and  all  moduses  were  commuted  for  land  under 
an  inclosure  act  in  1818.  The  nave  of  the  church  was 
rebuilt  in  1816,  and  the  chancel  soon  afterwards.  A 
small  school  is  endowed  with  £8.  15.  per  annum.  Near 
the  parsonage-house  is  a  chalybeate  spring.  John  Leake, 
M.  D.,  founder  of  the  Westminster  Lying-in  Hospital, 
and  author  of  some  esteemed  medical  works,  was  bora 
here,  in  1729. 

AINSWORTH,  or  COCKEY,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish 
of  MIDDLETON,  union  of  BURY,  hundred  of  SALFORD, 
S.  division  of  the  county  of  LANCASTER,  3  miles  (E.  by 
N.)  from  Bolton-le-Moors  j  containing  1598  inhabitants. 
This  chapelry,  which  is  intersected  by  the  road  from 
Bolton  to  Bury,  comprises  by  measurement  about  1200 
acres.  A  large  coal-mine  is  in  operation,  and  two  stone- 
quarries  produce  excellent  material  for  engine  beds  and 
for  building  purposes.  There  are  also  two  extensive 
factories  for  the  spinning  of  cotton  and  weaving  by 
power,  and  works  for  bleaching,  dyeing,  and  calico- 
printing  ;  and  the  Manchester  and  Bolton  railway  and 
canal  afford  facilities  to  the  industry  of  the  place.  The 
living  is  a  perpetual  curacy,  in  the  gift  of  the  Rector  of 
Middletou  :  the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent- 
charge  of  £48,  and  the  glebe  comprises  55  acres.  The 
church,  an  ancient  structure,  was  formerly  surrounded 
by  a  moat,  and  stood  in  the  centre  of  a  common  which 
was  inclosed  some  years  since.  There  is  a  place  of 
worship  for  Unitarians.  The  late  Sir  Ralph  Assheton, 
Bart,  gave  a  piece  of  ground  and  a  house,  now  valued  at 
about  £15  a  year,  for  the  maintenance  of  a  schoolmaster ; 
and  a  national  school  is  chiefly  supported  by  subscrip- 
tion. Roman  coins  have  been  found  here. 

AINTREE,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  SEFTON, 
union  and  hundred  of  WEST  DERBY,  S.  division  of  the 
county  of  LANCASTER,  6  miles  (N.  N.  E.)  from  Liver- 
pool ;  containing  311  inhabitants. 

AIRTON,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  KIRBY-IN- 
MALHAM-DALE,  union  of  SETTLE,  W.  division  of  the 
wapentake  of  STAINCLIFFE  and  EWCROSS,  W.  riding 
of  YORK,  65  miles  (S.  E.  by  E.)  from  Settle  ;  containing 
217  inhabitants.  This  place,  which  comprises  by  com- 
putation 2790  acres  of  rich  grazing  land,  derives  its 
name  from  the  river  Aire,  on  which  it  is  situated,  and 
which  takes  its  rise  in  Malham  Tarn,  a  few  miles  above 
the  village.  The  population  is  chiefly  agricultural,  but 
some  of  the  inhabitants  find  employment  in  a  cotton- 
mill,  the  property  of  Mr.  Dewhurst.  The  land  is  divided 
among  several  owners,  and  W.  N.  Alcock,  Esq.  is  lord 
of  the  manor  :  among  former  proprietors  were  the 
monks  of  Bolton,  Fountains,  and  Nostell  Priory.  There 
are  places  of  worship  for  Methodists  and  Quakers,  the 
latter  built  in  1700.  Alice  Ellis,  in  1709,  left  a  house 
and  29  acres  of  land  for  apprenticing  poor  children. 


A  I  SL 


A  K  EN 


AISBY,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  HAYDOR,  union  of 
GRANTHAM,  wapentake  of  WINNIBRIGGS  and  THREO, 
parts  of  KESTEVEN,  county  of  LINCOLN  j  containing  190 
inhabitants. 

AISBY,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  and  wapentake  of 
CORRINGHAM,  union  of  GAINSBOROUGH,  parts  of  LIND- 
SEY,  county  of  LINCOLN  ;  containing  63  inhabitants. 

AISHOLT,  or  ASHOLT  (ALL  SAINTS),  a  parish,  in 
the  union  of  BRIDGWATER,  hundred  of  CANNINGTON, 
W.  division  of  SOMERSET,  7^  miles  (W.  by  S.)  from 
Bridgwater;  containing  201  inhabitants,  and  comprising 
by  computation  1252  acres.  Limestone  is  quarried,  arid 
used  for  agricultural  purposes.  The  living  is  a  rectory, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £7.  12.  3|.  ;  net  income, 
£280  ;  patron,  John  West,  Esq. :  the  glebe  consists  of 
60  acres,  and  there  is  a  good  glebe-house  attached  to 
the  benefice. 

AISKEW,  a  township,  in  the  parish  and  union  of 
BEDALE,  wapentake  of  HANG-EAST,  N.  riding  of  YORK, 
5  mile  (N.  E.)  from  Bedale ;  containing  658  inhabitants. 
This  place,  which  is  pleasantly  situated  on  the  north 
side  of  the  Bedale  beck,  comprises  by  computation 
1950cr.  2r.  9p.  There  are  two  places  of  worship  for 
Anabaptists,  and  one  for  Roman  Catholics  ;  and  a  free 
school  has  a  small  endowment  of  £5  per  annum,  arising 
from  land  called  "  School  Fields,''  in  the  township  of 
Crakehall,  under  the  will  of  Timothy  Webster.  Near 
Leases  Hall,  a  neat  mansion,  with  pleasant  grounds,  is 
Cloven  hill,  the  supposed  site  of  a  battle,  and  where 
human  bones  have  often  been  found. 

AISLABY,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  EAGLES- 
CLIFFE,  union  of  STOCKTON,  S.  W.  division  of  STOCK- 
TON ward,  S.  division  of  the  county  of  DURHAM,  l£  mile 
(W.  by  N.)  from  Yarm ;  containing  128  inhabitants. 
There  was  anciently  a  chapel  here,  dedicated  to  St. 
Thomas  the  Martyr,  which  was  founded  by  William  de 
Aslakby  (now  Aislaby),  and  Agnes  his  wife,  in  1313 ;  and 
the  place  was  for  several  generations  the  residence  of  the 
family  of  Pemberton,  whose  mansion  has  been  con- 
verted into  an  inn  and  several  other  tenements.  It  is 
pleasantly  situated  on  the  northern  bank  of  the  Tees, 
by  which  it  is  separated  from  Yorkshire. 

AISLABY,  orAYSLEYBY,  achapelry,  in  the  parish 
and  union  of  WHITBY,  E.  division  of  the  liberty  of 
LANGBAURGH,  N.  riding  of  YORK,  3  miles  (S.  W.  by  W.) 
from  Whitby  ;  containing  346  inhabitants.  The  town- 
ship comprises  about  1080  acres,  abounding  in  the  most 
picturesque  scenery,  interspersed  with  several  neat  man- 
sions :  in  the  neighbourhood  are  numerous  quarries  of 
excellent  stone,  wrought  for  various  purposes,  and 
shipped  from  Whitby,  between  which  place  and  Picker- 
ing is  a  communication  by  railway.  The  living  is  a 
perpetual  curacy,  in  the  patronage  of  Mrs.  R.  Boulby, 
with  a  net  income  of  £87  :  the  chapel  is  dedicated  to  St. 
Margaret.  A  school,  in  union  with  the  National  Society, 
was  established  in  1823,  and  is  supported  by  subscrip- 
tion. About  a  mile  from  the  village  is  a  fine  spring, 
called  St.  Kilda's  well,  which  runs  directly  into  the  river 
Esk,  two  miles  from  its  source. 

AISLABY,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  MIDDLE- 
TON,  union,  and  W.  division  of  the  lythe,  of  PICKERING, 
N.  riding  of  YORK,  l£  mile  (W.  N.  W.)  from  Pickering; 
containing  128  inhabitants.  This  place  is  on  the  road 
from  Pickering  to  Helmsley  ;  the  surface  is  undulated, 
and  the  scenery  pleasingly  varied ;  there  are  quarries  of 
19 


sandstone  for  building,  and  limestone.  Aislaby  Hall, 
the  seat  of  George  Pitch,  Esq.,  is  finely  situated  within 
the  limits  of  the  township. 

AISMUNDERBY,  with  BONDGATE,  a  township,  in 
the  parish  and  liberty  of  RIPON,  W.  riding  of  YORK; 
containing,  with  Bondgate  and  Marchingfield,  extra 
parochial,  614  inhabitants.  It  adjoins  Ripon  on  the 
south,  and  is  partly  within  that  borough ;  in  the  imme- 
diate vicinity  are  several  handsome  villas,  and  a  little  to 
the  south  lies  the  hamlet  of  Quarry  Moor,  noted  for  its 
lime-works.  The  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  rent- 
charges,  amounting  to  £62,  of  which  £24  are  payable 
to  impropriators,  and  £38  to  the  Dean  and  Chapter  of 
Ripon.  A  national  school,  containing  180  boys,  is  sup- 
ported by  subscriptions,  out  of  which  the  master  receives 
a  salary  of  60  guineas  ;  and  there  is  also  an  hospital  for 
the  support  of  two  aged  widows. 

AISTHORPE  (ST.  PETER),  a  parish,  in  the  wapen- 
take of  LAWRESS,  parts  of  LINDSEY,  union,  and  county, 
of  LINCOLN,  6  miles  (W.  N.  W.)  from  Lincoln  ;  contain- 
ing 82  inhabitants.  It  comprises  by  measurement  807 
acres,  and  is  intersected  by  the  road  from  Lincoln  to 
Barton.  Stone  is  quarried  for  building  purposes,  and 
for  making  roads.  The  living  is  a  discharged  rectory, 
with  the  vicarage  of  West  Thorpe  annexed,  valued  in 
the  king's  books  at  £4.  10.  ;  net  income,  £289  ;  patrons, 
the  Milnes  family  :  the  glebe  consists  of  an  acre  and  a 
half,  with  a  cottage.  The  church  is  a  plain  edifice, 
erected  about  40  years  since,  and  consists  of  a  nave, 
chancel,  and  tower. 

AKEBAR,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  FINGALL, 
union  of  LEYBURN,  wapentake  of  HANG-WEST,  N.  riding 
of  YORK,  5  miles  (N.  E.  by  E.)  from  Middleham  ;  contain- 
ing 30  inhabitants.  It  is  on  an  acclivity  opposite  to 
Fingall,  and  comprises  an  area  of  760  acres  of  land,  set 
out  in  farms. 

AKELD,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  KIRK-NEWTON, 
union  of  GLENDALE,  W.  division  of  GLENDALE  ward, 
N.  division  of  NORTHUMBERLAND,  2  miles  (N.  W.  by  W.) 
from  Wooler;  containing  182  inhabitants.  The  village, 
which  is  small,  is  pleasantly  situated  near  the  river 
Glen,  and  the  road  from  Wooler  to  Kirk-Newton.  The 
vicarial  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of 
£56,  and  the  impropriate  for  one  of  £1.  13.  Vestiges 
of  a  burial-place  are  discernible  here,  but  there  are  no 
traces  of  any  place  of  worship. 

AKELY  (ST.  JAMES),  a  parish,  in  the  union,  hun- 
dred, and  county  of  BUCKINGHAM,  2|  miles  (N.  by  E.) 
from  Buckingham  ;  containing  362  inhabitants.  This 
parish,  according  to  a  survey  made  in  1794,  when  the 
common  was  inclosed,  comprises  1232a.  Ir.  26/>.,  of 
which  the  soil  is  a  stiff  clay,  with  the  exception  of  some 
light  land  in  that  part  which  formed  the  common. 
The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£6.  2.  4. ;  net  income,  £245  ;  patrons,  Warden  and 
Fellows  of  New  College,  Oxford.  There  was  formerly  a 
chapel  of  ease  at  Stockholt,  in  the  parish. 

AKENHAM  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  and 
hundred  of  BOSMERE  and  CLAYDON,  E.  division  of  SUF- 
FOLK, 4|  miles  (N.  by  W.)  from  Ipswich  ;  containing  117 
inhabitants.  The  living  is  a  discharged  rectory  united 
to  that  of  Claydon,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£9.  11.  5^.  :  the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent- 
charge  of  £260,  and  there  are  20  acres  of  glebe,  belong- 
ing to  the  incumbent. 

D<2 


ALBA 


ALBA 


Seal  and  Arms. 


ALBAN'S  (ST.),  a  borough 
and  market-town, having  se- 
parate jurisdiction,  and  the 
head  of  a  union,  locally  in 
the  hundred  of  CAsmo,orli- 
bertyof  ST.  ALBAN'S,  county 
of  HERTFORD,  12^  miles  (W. 
by  S.)  from  Hertford,  and  20 
(N.  W.  by  N.)  from  London  ; 
containing  8604  inhabitants, 
including  those  portions  of 
the  parishes  of  St.  Michael 
and  St.  Peter  which  extend 
beyond  the  limits  of  the  borough.  This  place,  separated 
from  the  site  of  the  Roman  Ferulamium  by  the  small 
river  Ver,  derived  its  name  and  origin  from  the  mag- 
nificent monastery  established  here  by  Offa,  King  of 
Mercia,  in  commemoration  of  St.  Albanus.  the  proto- 
Martyr  of  Britain.  Verulam,  according  to  the  Roman 
historians,  was  founded  by  the  Britons,  at  an  earlier 
period  than  London  :  it  was  the  chief  station  of  Cassi- 
vellaunus,  at  the  time  of  the  invasion  of  Caesar,  who  de- 
scribes it  as  a  place  of  great  military  strength,  well  de- 
fended by  woods  and  marshes,  and  appears  to  have 
consisted  of  rude  dwellings  constructed  of  wood,  and  to 
have  been  surrounded  by  a  rampart  and  fosse.  In  the 
reign  of  Nero  it  was  accounted  a  Municipium,  or  free 
city  j  arid  in  that  of  Claudius  it  was  surprised  by  Boa- 
dicea,  Queen  of  the  Iceni,  who  slaughtered  the  chief  part 
of  the  Roman  and  British  inhabitants.  After  its  resto- 
ration, it  continued  to  be  a  primary  station  of  the 
Romans  until  their  final  departure  from  Britain.  During 
their  occupation  of  it,  Albanus,  an  eminent  citizen,  who 
had  been  converted  to  Christianity  by  Amphibalus,  in 
293,  boldly  refusing  to  abjure  his  new  religion,  was  be- 
headed on  the  hill  called  Holmhurst,  on  which  spot  the 
monastery  was  erected  in  793,  for  100  Benedictine 
monks.  About  the  middle  of  the  fifth  century,  Verulam 
was  occupied  by  the  Saxons,  and  received  the  name  of 
Watlingceaster,  from  the  Roman  highway,  called  Wat- 
ling-street,  on  which  it  stood.  According  to  Matthew 
Paris,  the  present  town  owes  its  origin  to  Ulsinus,  or 
Ulsig,  the  sixth  abbot,  who,  about  the  year  950,  built  a 
church  on  each  of  the  three  principal  roads  leading  from 
the  monastery,  dedicated  respectively  to  St.  Stephen,  St. 
Michael,  and  St.  Peter,  and  encouraged  the  neighbour- 
ing inhabitants  to  erect  houses,  by  supplying  them  with 
money  and  materials.  Fritheric,  or  Frederic,  the  thir- 
teenth abbot,  opposed  the  march  of  the  Norman  con- 
queror, by  causing  the  trees  on  the  road  side,  near 
Berkhampstead,  to  be  cut  down  and  laid  across  the 
way ;  he  was  also  principally  instrumental  in  exacting 
from  that  sovereign  an  oath  to  observe  the  ancient  laws 
of  the  realm.  William  subsequently  deprived  this 
church  of  a  great  portion  of  its  lands,  and  would  have 
destroyed  the  monastery,  but  for  the  interposition  of 
Archbishop  Lanfranc.  The  monks  and  the  inhabitants 
had  frequent  quarrels;  and,  in  the  reign  of  Richard  II., 
the  insurgents  in  Wat  Tyler's  rebellion  were  aided  by 
the  latter  in  besieging  the  monastery.  On  their  disper- 
sion, the  king  repaired  hither,  attended  by  Judge  Tre- 
silian  and  1000  soldiers,  to  try  the  delinquents,  and 
many  of  the  townsmen  were  executed.  The  king  re- 
mained eight  days,  on  one  of  which  the  commons  of  the 
county  assembled  by  his  command,  and,  in  the  great 
20 


court  of  the  abbey,  swore  to  be  thenceforward  faithful 
subjects.  A  sanguinary  battle  was  fought  here  on  the 
22nd  of  May,  1455,  between  Henry  VI.  and  the  Duke  of 
York,  in  which  the  Lancastrians  were  defeated,  their 
leader,  the  Duke  of  Somerset,  killed,  and  the  king  him- 
self made  prisoner.  On  the  17th  of  February,  1461, 
another  engagement  took  place  on  Bernard  heath,  north 
of  the  town,  when  Queen  Margaret  compelled  the  Earl 
of  Warwick  to  retreat  with  considerable  loss  :  after  this 
action,  the  town  was  plundered  and  much  damaged. 
On  the  introduction  of  printing  into  England,  about 
1471,  a  press  was  put  up  in  the  abbey,  from  which 
issued  some  of  those  early  specimens  that  are  now  so 
eagerly  sought  for  by  collectors  :  the  first  translation  of 
the  Bible  was  also  made  here.  During  the  civil  war 
between  Charles  I.  and  the  parliament,  a  party  of  soldiers, 
under  the  Earl  of  Essex,  garrisoned  the  town,  and  de- 
stroyed the  beautiful  cross,  which  was  one  of  those 
erected  by  Edward  I.  in  memory  of  his  queen. 

The  TOWN  is  situated  chiefly  on  the  summit  and 
northern  declivity  of  a  considerable  eminence,  and  con- 
sists principally  of  three  streets,  the  abbey  church 
standing  on  the  hill  near  the  point  where  they  meet. 
That  part  of  it  which  forms  the  old  line  of  the  great 
north  road  is  narrow,  and  contains  many  ancient 
houses  ;  but  the  other  parts  are  spacious  and  neatly 
built.  It  is  well  paved  and  lighted  with  gas  under  a 
local  act  obtained  in  1803,  and  supplied  with  water 
from  wells  in  the  upper  part  of  the  town.  By  a  diver- 
sion of  the  main  road,  about  three  hundred  yards  to 
the  south,  the  former  circuitous  and  dangerous  route 
through  the  town  is  avoided ;  and  on  this  new  line  of 
road,  which  is  about  two  miles  in  length,  some  hand- 
some villas,  and  one  of  the  most  commodious  inns  in 
the  county,  called  the  Verulam  Arms,  have  been  erected. 
The  manufacture  of  straw-plat,  in  which  about  eight 
hundred  persons  are  employed,  is  the  chief  occupation 
of  the  lower  class  of  inhabitants  :  a  silk-mill,  occupying 
the  site  of  the  abbey-mill,  affords  employment  to  three 
hundred  young  persons ;  and  in  a  mill  for  spinning 
cotton-wicks  for  candles,  formerly  applied  to  the  cutting 
and  polishing  of  diamonds,  about  sixty  persons  are 
engaged.  Coal  is  conveyed  on  the  canal  for  the  supply 
of  the  town,  from  Boxmoor,  about  six  miles  distant. 
The  market  is  on  Saturday,  for  corn,  straw- plat,  and 
provisions  :  there  is  a  fair  on  March  25th  and  26th,  for 
cattle  and  horses  ;  and  a  statute  fair  is  held  on  Oct. 
llth,  and  the  two  following  days. 

St.  Alban's  is  styled  a  BOROUGH  in  the  record  of 
Domesday,  and  is  stated  to  have  contained  forty-six 
burgesses,  who  were  the  demesne  men  of  the  abbot,  and 
continued  under  his  jurisdiction  (with  the  exception  of 
a  brief  interval  in  the  reigns  of  Edward  II.  and  III.) 
until  the  dissolution,  when  the  possessions  of  the  mo- 
nastery were  surrendered  to  the  crown ;  and  the  inha- 
bitants were  incorporated  in  the  7th  of  Edward  VI.,  by 
a  charter  which  was  modified  in  subsequent  reigns,  and 
confirmed  in  the  16th  of  Charles  II.  By  the  act  of  the 
5th  and  6th  of  William  IV.,  cap.  76,  the  corporation 
bears  the  title  of  the  "Mayor,  Aldermen,  and  Burgesses," 
and  consists  of  a  mayor,  four  aldermen,  and  twelve 
councillors,  together  forming  the  council  of  the  borough, 
of  which  the  municipal  and  parliamentary  boundaries 
are  now  the  same.  The  freedom  is  inherited  by  the 
eldest  sons  of  freemen  (subject  to  a  peculiar  modifica- 


ALBA 


ALBA 


tion),  or  acquired  by  servitude  :  the  right  by  birth  ac- 
crues, on  the  death  of  his  father  within  the  borough, 
to  the  son  of  a  freeman  first  born  within  the  borough 
after  the  father  has  taken  up  his  freedom  ;  but  the 
father  may,  in  his  lifetime,  to  the  exclusion  of  the  first, 
confer  the  right  of  succeeding  him  on  any  other  son 
born  after  he  became  free  :  an  exception,  nevertheless, 
exists  in  favour  of  aldermen,  whose  eldest  or  chosen  son 
may  succeed,  whether  born  before  or  after  the  father 
has  taken  up  his  freedom.  The  town  first  received 
the  elective  franchise  in  the  35th  of  Edward  I.,  which 
was  suspended  from  the  5th  of  Edward  III.  till  the  1st 
of  Edward  VI.,  since  which  time  it  has  continued  to 
return  two  members  to  parliament.  The  right  of  elec- 
tion was  formerly  vested  in  the  freemen,  whether  resi- 
dent or  not,  and  in  those  householders  who  had  been 
six  months  resident  in  the  borough,  paying  scot  and 
lot ;  but  by  the  act  of  the  2nd  of  William  IV.  it  has 
been  confined  to  the  resident  burgesses  and  the  rate- 
payers, the  latter  709  in  number :  the  mayor  is  the 
returning  officer.  The  limits  of  the  borough  have  been 
extended  by  the  act  of  the  2nd  and  3rd  of  William  IV., 
cap.  64;  they  formerly  comprised,  by  computation,  308 
acres,  and  are  now  estimated  to  contain  425.  The 
mayor,  the  late  mayor,  and  the  recorder,  are  justices 
of  the  peace,  and  hold  courts  of  quarter-session  :  the 
mayor  presides  at  a  court  of  aldermen,  on  the  first 
Wednesday  in  every  month,  for  the  transaction  of  pub- 
lic business;  and  petty-sessions  are  held  every  Saturday. 
The  court  of  record,  for  pleas  to  the  amount  of  £50, 
has  fallen  into  disuse.  A  court  of  requests  for  the 
recovery  of  debts  under  40s.  is  held  by  certain  com- 
missioners appointed  under  an  act  passed  in  the  25th 
of  George  II.,  every  Saturday,  the  jurisdiction  of  which 
extends  over  the  borough  and  liberty.  The  magistrates 
for  the  liberty  hold  quarter-sessions  here  for  that  divi- 
sion. The  liberty  surrounds,  and  is  entirely  distinct 
from,  the  borough,  the  magistrates  of  the  one  having  no 
jurisdiction  in  the  other ;  it  comprises  the  divisions  of 
Barnet,  Watford,  and  St.  Alban's,  and  extends  into 
twenty-two  parishes.  The  former  town-hall  was  origi- 
nally the  charnel-house  of  the  monastery ;  but  a  hand- 
some and  commodious  edifice  was  erected  in  1830. 
The  ancient  prison  of  the  monastery  is  now  appropriated 
to  the  confinement  of  criminals  committed  for  the 
borough  and  liberty,  but  is  ill  adapted  to  the  purposes 
of  a  gaol. 

The  venerable  ABBEY,  rich  in  lordships  and  immuni- 
ties, continued  to  flourish  under  a  succession  of  forty 
abbots,  who  enjoyed  both  spiritual  and  temporal  autho- 
rity, having  a  palatine  jurisdiction  similar  to  that  pos- 
sessed by  the  bishops  of  Durham  and  Ely  ;  they  had 
also  a  precedence  from  Pope  Adrian  IV.  over  all  other 
abbots,  with  an  exclusive  exemption  from  the  payment 
of  Peter's  pence,  which,  according  to  Camden,  they  pos- 
sessed the  power  of  collecting  throughout  the  county, 
and  applying  to  their  own  use.  Henry  VIII.  granted 
the  abbey,  which,  at  the  dissolution,  had  a  revenue, 
according  to  Dugdale,  of  £2102.  7.  1.,  to  Sir  Richard 
Lee,  but  retained  the  church,  since  made  parochial, 
which  Edward  VI.,  in  1553,  granted  for  a  pecuniary 
consideration  to  the  mayor  and  burgesses.  The  abbey 
is  a  cruciform  structure,  six  hundred  feet  in  length,  and 
consists  of  a  nave,  two  aisles,  choir,  presbytery,  lady 
chapel,  and  two  transepts,  with  a  large  square  tower 
21 


rising  from  the  intersection.  The  choir  is  separated 
from  the  nave  by  St.  Cuthbert's  screen,  which,  with  the 
elaborately  carved  screen  over  the  altar,  the  ceiling 
(partly  groined,  and  partly  enriched  with  Mosaic  paint- 
ings), and  the  tombs  of  Humphrey,  Duke  of  Gloucester, 
and  Abbot  Ramryge,  presents  a  rich  and  imposing  ap- 
pearance. The  tower,  supported  on  four  arches,  the  two 
transepts,  and  a  greater  part  of  the  choir,  were  built  of 
Roman  tiles  from  the  ancient  city  of  Verulam,  about  the 
year  1077,  and  exhibit  the  Norman  style  of  architecture  ; 
the  remainder,  erected  about  the  reign  of  Henry  III.,  is 
hi  the  early  English  style,  with  sharply  pointed  arches. 
Many  fine  brasses,  in  memory  of  the  abbots,  were  taken 
by  Cromwell's  soldiers,  and  the  church  was  much  da- 
maged by  the  prisoners  who  were  confined  in  it  during 
the  parliamentary  war. 

The  town  comprises  the  parish  of  St.  Alban,  or  the 
Abbey  parish,  and  parts  of  the  parishes  of  St.  Michael 
and  St.  Peter.  The  living  of  St.  Alban  s  is  a  rectory, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £10;  net  income,  £111  ; 
patron  and  incumbent,  Dr.  Nicholson,  who  purchased 
the  advowson  from  the  mayor  and  corporation.  A 
lectureship  was  founded  in  the  church  in  1640,  by 
Francis  Combe,  Esq.,  who  endowed  it  with  £10  per 
annum.  The  living  of  St.  Peter  s  is  a  vicarage,  valued 
in  the  king's  books  at  £9.  0.  10. ;  net  income,  £308  ; 
patron,  Bishop  of  Ely.  The  church,  erected  by  Abbot 
Ulsinus,  in  948,  has  been  rebuilt  within  the  last  fifty 
years.  The  living  of  St.  Michael's  is  a  vicarage,  valued 
in  the  king's  books  at  £10.  1.  8.;  net  income,  £300; 
patron  and  impropriator,  Earl  of  Verulam.  The  church 
is  a  small  edifice,  erected  by  the  same  abbot,  and  con- 
tains, in  a  niche  on  the  northern  side  of  the  chancel,  a 
finely  sculptured  alabaster  statue  of  Lord  Bacon,  who 
was  interred  here.  There  are  places  of  worship  for 
Particular  Baptists,  the  Society  of  Friends,  Indepen- 
dents, Wesleyans,  and  Unitarians.  The  Free  Grammar 
school  was  erected  in  or  about  the  year  1569,  by  the 
mayor  and  burgesses,  under  their  charter  of  incorpora- 
tion bestowed  by  Edward  VI. ;  and  was  endowed  by 
letters-patent  of  Elizabeth  and  James  I.,  granting  power 
to  the  mayor  and  burgesses  to  license  dealers  in  wine  in 
the  borough,  from  which  source  it  now  has  an  income 
of  £45  ;  also  in  1 595,  by  Richard  Raynshaw,  with  37 
acres  of  land  in  the  parish  of  St.  Peter,  let  for  £25.  4. 
per  annum  ;  and  by  Richard  Platt  with  a  piece  of  land 
yielding  a  rental  of  £1.7.;  making,  with  the  dividends 
on  £1500  three  per  cent,  reduced  annuities,  arising 
from  accumulated  funds,  a  total  income  of  £157-  The 
school-room,  adjoining  the  Abbey  church,  was  for- 
merly the  beautiful  chapel  of  the  Virgin.  Dr.  Aubrey 
Spencer,  Bishop  of  Jamaica,  and  Dr.  George  Spencer, 
Bishop  of  Madras,  were  educated  here.  There  are  also 
a  few  other  schools,  supported  by  charity.  The  alms- 
houses,  called  Marlborough  buildings,  containing  apart- 
ments for  thirty- six  persons  of  both  sexes,  were  built 
and  endowed  by  Sarah,  Duchess  Dowager  of  Marlbo* 
rough,  in  1736  :  they  occupy  three  sides  of  a  quadran- 
gle, on  the  site  of  the  old  manor-house  of  Newland- 
Squillers  ;  and  the  income,  arising  from  property  in 
the  counties  of  Warwick  and  Surrey,  now  amounts  to 
£757  per  annum.  The  church  lands,  appropriated  to 
the  repairs  of  the  abbey,  together  with  several  benefac- 
tions for  the  same  purpose,  produce  a  revenue  of  £220, 
and  there  are  numerous  bequests  for  the  relief  of  the 


AL  BO 


A  L  B  U 


necessitous.  The  poor  law  union  of  St.  Alban's  com- 
prises eight  parishes  or  places,  and  contains  a  population 
of  17,051. 

In  the  town  is  a  high  square  brick  tower,  with  a 
house  attached,  called  the  Clock  house,  built  by  one  of 
the  abbots  in  the  reign  of  Henry  VIII.,  and  conveyed  to 
the  corporation  in  the  29th  of  Elizabeth  ;  the  house  and 
lower  part  of  the  tower  are  let  as  a  shop,  and  in  the 
upper  part  is  a  public  clock.  At  the  distance  of  half  a 
mile  to  the  south-east,  are  some  fine  remains  of  the 
nunnery  of  Sopwell,  founded  in  1140,  by  Abbot 
Geoffrey  de  Gorham,  and  of  which  the  lady  Juliana 
Berners  was  at  one  time  prioress  :  like  the  monastery, 
it  was  built  of  Roman  tiles  and  bricks,  and  partly  of 
flints.  Of  two  hospitals,  founded  by  the  abbots,  and 
dedicated  respectively  to  St.  Julian  and  St.  Mary  de 
Pratis,  there  is  not  a  single  vestige.  On  the  left  of 
the  road  leading  to  Dunstable,  a  few  fragments  of  the 
ancient  walls  of  Verulam  are  still  discernible ;  and  in  a 
field  adjoining  the  town,  called  New  England,  are  some 
hills  supposed  to  have  been  the  site  of  the  camp  of 
Ostorius,  and  thence  vulgarly  styled  Oyster  hills. 
There  is  a  mineral  spring  in  a  garden  near  St.  Michael's 
bridge.  Matthew  Paris,  one  of  the  most  eminent  of 
the  old  English  historians,  was  a  monk  in  the  abbey ; 
and  among  the  most  distinguished  natives  of  the  town 
may  be  enumerated  Alexander  Necham,  a  poet  and 
scholastic  divine ;  Sir  John  Mancleville,  the  celebrated 
traveller ;  and  Sir  John  King,  and  Sir  Francis  Pember- 
ton,  two  eminent  lawyers.  Breakspear's  farm-house,  in 
the  vicinity,  was  the  birthplace  of  Nicholas  Breakspear, 
the  only  Englishman  that  ever  sat  in  the  papal  chair ; 
on  his  elevation  he  assumed  the  name  of  Adrian  IV. ; 
he  was  a  great  benefactor  to  the  abbey.  St.  Alban's 
gives  the  title  of  Duke  to  the  family  of  Beauclerc  ;  and 
the  representative  of  the  family  of  Grimstone  enjoys  the 
title  of  Earl  of  Verulam. 

ALBERBURY,  or  ABBERBURY  (87.  MICHAEL),  a 
parish,  in  the  union  of  ATCHAM,  partly  in  the  hundreds 
of  CAWRSE  and  DEYTHUR,  county  of  MONTGOMERY 
(North  Wales),  but  chiefly  in  the  hundred  of  FORD, 
S.  division  of  SALOP,  8^  miles  (W.)  from  Shrewsbury  ; 
containing,  in  the  English  portion  of  the  parish,  which 
includes  the  township  of  Alberbury  and  the  chapelry  of 
Wollaston,  1065  inhabitants,  of  whom  638  are  in  the 
township  of  Alberbury.  This  parish,  the  Welsh  name  of 
which  is  Llanvihangel-yn-Ghentyn,  is  partly  bounded 
by  the  river  Severn,  and  is  intersected  by  the  Roman 
Watling-street.  There  are  some  remains  of  a  castle, 
built  in  the  reign  of  Henry  II.,  by  Fulk  Fitz-Warine, 
who  founded  an  abbey  for  Black  monks  of  the  order  of 
Grandmont,  vestiges  of  which  may  still  be  traced  about 
a  mile  from  the  castle  :  on  the  suppression  of  Alien 
priories,  Henry  VI.  gave  the  site  to  the  college  of  All 
Souls,  Oxford,  to  which  it  still  belongs.  The  parish 
comprises  1000  acres  :  coal  is  abundant,  but  none  is  at 
present  worked.  The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £5.  10.  -}  net  income, 
£187  ;  patrons  and  impropriators,  Warden  and  Fellows 
of  All  Souls'  College.  The  glebe  consists  of  20  acres. 
A  school  is  supported  by  subscription  ;  and  about  £13 
per  annum,  the  interest  of  divers  benefactions,  is  dis- 
tributed amongst  the  poor  on  Christmas-day. 

ALBOURNE  (ST.  BARTHOLOMEW),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  CUCKFIELD,   hundred  of  TIPNOAK,  rape  of 
22 


BRAMBER,  W.  division  of  SUSSEX,  2^  miles  (W.  N.  W.) 
from  Hurst-Pierrepoint ;  containing  395  inhabitants, 
and  comprising  about  1400  acres.  The  living  is  a 
rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £7.  14.  2.,  and 
in  the  gift  of  John  Goring,  Esq. :  the  tithes  have  been 
commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £310,  and  the  glebe 
consists  of  10  acres.  The  church  is  an  ancient  struc- 
ture ;  the  nave  is  separated  from  the  chancel  by  a  fine 
Norman  arch,  and  a  north  transept  was  added  a  few  years 
since  by  C.  Goring,  Esq.  There  are  two  schools,  chiefly 
supported  by  subscription.  Albourne  Place  is  said  to 
have  been  built  by  Bishop  Juxon,  who  retired  hither 
after  the  death  of  Charles  I.,  where  he  resided  till  the 
Restoration. 

ALBRIGHTON  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish  (formerly  a 
market-town),  in  the  union  of  SHIFFNALL,  Shiffnall 
division  of  the  hundred  of  BRIMSTREE,  S.  division  of 
SALOP,  lt\  miles  (N.  W.)  from  Wolverhampton ;  con- 
taining 1058  inhabitants,  and  comprising  3424a.  \r.  S3p. 
Pepperhill,  an  ancient  mansion  of  the  Shrewsbury 
family,  is  now  converted  into  a  farm-house.  The  living 
is  a  vicarage,  endowed  with  nearly  the  whole  of  the 
rectorial  tithes,  and  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£5.  10.;  net  income,  £651;  patrons,  alternately,  the 
Haberdashers'  Company,  and  the  Governors  of  Christ's 
Hospital,  London  :  the  glebe  consists  of  27  acres.  The 
church,  which  has  partly  been  rebuilt,  has  a  Norman 
tower,  with  a  small  Saxon  arch  outside ;  the  chancel  is 
ancient,  and  has  a  fine  eastern  window ;  in  the  north- 
east angle,  on  a  monument  dated  1504,  are  effigies  of  a 
knight  of  the  Talbot  family,  and  of  his  lady,  one  of  the 
Gifford  family.  The  Duke  of  Shrewsbury  lies  buried 
here.  A  free  school  is  principally  supported  from  the 
tolls  of  the  fairs,  which  are  held  on  March  5th,  May 
23rd,  July  18th,  and  Nov.  9th,  for  horned  cattle,  sheep, 
and  hogs. 

ALBRIGHTON  (Sr.  JOHN),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  ATCHAM,  hundred  of  PIMHILL,  N.  division  of  SALOP, 
4  miles  (N.)  from  Shrewsbury;  containing  85  inhabit- 
ants. The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy,  in  the  gift  of 
the  Spurrier  family  ;  net  income,  £52. 

ALBURGH  (ALL  SAINTS),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
DEPWADE,  hundred  of  EARSHAM,  E.  division  of  NOR- 
FOLK, 3^;  miles  (N.  E.  by  N.)  from  Harleston ;  contain- 
ing 589  inhabitants,  and  comprising  by  measurement 
1512  acres.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £12  ;  net  income,  £395  5  patron,  the  Earl  of 
Effingham,  who  must  present  a  member  of  St.  John's 
College,  Cambridge  :  the  glebe  consists  of  about  7  acres. 
The  church,  built  partly  in  the  early  English,  and  partly 
in  the  perpendicular  style,  consists  of  a  nave  and  chan- 
cel, with  a  lofty  embattled  tower ;  the  nave  is  separated 
from  the  chancel  by  the  remains  of  a  beautiful  carved 
screen,  formerly  highly  gilt.  Some  town  lands,  left  by 
Richard  Wright  before  the  reign  of  Henry  VIII.,  are  let 
for  about  £70,  applied  in  aid  of  the  poor-rate. 

ALBURY  (Sr.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
BISHOP-STORTFORD,  hundred  of  EDWINSTREE,  county 
of  HERTFORD,  4^  miles  (N.  W.)  from  Bishop-Stortfordj 
containing  641  inhabitants.  The  living  is  a  vicarage, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £7.  9.  7- ;  net  income, 
£264  ;  patron  and  impropriator,  Treasurer  of  St.  Paul's 
Cathedral.  A  pleasure  fair  is  held  in  July. 

ALBURY  (ST.  HELEN),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
THAME,  hundred  of  BULLINGTON,  county  of  OXFORD, 


ALCE 


AL  CE 


3|  miles  (W.  by  S.)  from  Thame;  containing,  with  the 
hamlet  of  Tiddington,  244  inhabitants.  The  living  is  a 
rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £9.  2.  8|. ;  net 
income,  £276  ;  patron,  Earl  of  Abingdon.  The  church 
has  been  lately  rebuilt,  principally  through  the  munifi- 
cence of  the  noble  earl,  and  is  fitted  up  throughout  with 
open  sittings  of  handsome  old  oak.  Lady  Mary  Bertie, 
in  1737,  gave  a  rent-charge  of  £10  for  the  instruction 
of  poor  boys. 

ALBURY  (ST.  PETER  AND  ST.  PAUL),  a  parish,  in 
the  union  of  GUILDFORD,  Second  division  of  the  hun- 
dred of  BLACKHEATH,  W.  division  of  SURREY,  4  miles 
(E.  S.  E.)  from  Guildford  ,-  containing  1079  inhabitants. 
It  comprises  3596a.  \7p.,  and  includes  the  hamlets  of 
Brooke  and  Little  London  j  the  sub-soil  in  general  is 
chalk  and  sand.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the 
king's  books  at  £17.  12.  8^.,  and  in  the  gift  of  Henry 
Drummond,  Esq. :  the  tithes  have  been  commuted  fora 
rent- charge  of  £482.  10.,  and  there  are  78  acres  of 
glebe.  The  church  is  an  ancient  structure,  in  the  early 
English  style,  occupying  a  picturesque  situation  in 
Albury  park  j  it  contains  two  singular  octangular 
pillars,  resting  upon  circular  bases  of  Sussex  marble, 
supposed  to  have  been  removed  from  a  Roman  temple 
which  stood  on  Blackheath.  An  additional  church  has 
recently  been  erected  by  Mr.  Drummond,  a  cruciform 
edifice  in  the  later  English  style.  In  1754,  William 
Resbridger  bequeathed  £400  for  instructing  children, 
purchasing  bread  for  the  poor,  and  other  charitable 
purposes.  National  schools  are  supported  by  subscrip- 
tion. The  Rev.  T.  R.  Malthus,  author  of  the  celebrated 
"Essay on  Population,"  was  born  here  in  1766. 

ALBY  (ST.  ETHELBERT),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
AYLSHAM,  hundred  of  SOUTH  ERPINGHAM,  E.  division 
of  NORFOLK,  4f  miles  (N.  by  E.)  from  Aylsham ;  con- 
taining 299  inhabitants.  This  place,  which  was  an- 
ciently called  Oslby,  is  intersected  by  the  road  from 
Aylsham  to  Cromer,  and  includes  the  hamlets  of  Alby 
Common  and  Alby  Hill ;  it  comprises  about  840  acres, 
of  which  634  are  computed  to  be  arable,  80  pasture, 
and  100  common  or  heath,  inclosed  in  1840.  The  living 
is  a  discharged  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£7.  11.  S£.,  and  in  the  gift  of  the  Earl  of  Orford  :  the 
tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £196, 
and  there  are  13  acres  of  glebe,  with  a  small  house. 
The  church  is  in  the  early  English  and  decorated 
styles. 

ALCESTER,  a  liberty,  in  the  parish  of  ST.  JAMES, 
borough  of  SHAFTESBURY,  locally  in  the  hundred  of 
MoNCKTON-up-WiMBORNE,  county  of  DORSET  j  con- 
taining 334  inhabitants. 

ALCESTER  (ST.  NICHO- 
LAS), a  market-town  and 
parish,  and  the  head  of  a 
union,  in  the  Alcester  divi- 
sion of  the  hundred  of  BAR- 
LICHWAY,  S.  division  of 
the  county  of  WARWICK, 
15  miles  (W.  S.  W.)  from 
Warwick,  and  103  (N.  W. 
by  W.)  from  London  ;  con- 
taining 2399  inhabitants. 
The  name  of  this  place  is  a 
Seal  and  Arms.  contraction  of  Alnceastre, 

denoting   its  situation  on  the  river  Alne,  and  together 
23 


with  its  position  on  the  line  of  the  Ikeneld-street 
(which  may  still  be  traced  within  a  mile  to  the  north- 
west), and  the  discovery  of  numerous  relics  of  antiquity, 
affords  indubitable  evidence  of  its  having  been  a  Roman 
station,  which  by  most  antiquaries  has  been  identified 
with  the  Alauna  of  the  Itineraries.  In  the  time  of  the 
Saxons  it  was  a  place  of  great  importance,  and  a  royal 
residence  j  and  the  inhabitants  are  described  by  Cap- 
grave  as  given  to  luxury  and  viciousness  from  an 
abundance  of  worldly  wealth.  Egwin,  third  bishop  of 
Huicca,  who  first  preached  Christianity  here,  founded 
the  abbey  of  Evesham,  and  at  a  general  synod  held  at 
this  place,  at  which  were  present  Bertwald,  Archbishop 
of  Canterbury,  and  Wilfred,  Archbishop  of  York,  the 
endowments  of  that  house  were  confirmed.  Alcester  is 
said  to  have  been  formerly  of  much  greater  extent  than 
at  present,  and  to  have  contained  three  parochial 
churches ;  which  opinion  is  corroborated  by  the  dis- 
covery of  human  skeletons,  and  numerous  foundations 
of  ancient  buildings,  in  that  part  of  the  parish  called 
the  Blacklands,  now  an  extensive  meadow,  lying  be- 
tween the  present  town  and  the  bridge  over  the-Alne,  to 
which,  in  all  probability,  it  formerly  extended  j  and  also 
by  the  site  of  a  monastery,  founded  in  1140,  by  Ralph 
de  Boteler,  for  Benedictine  monks,  afterwards  made  a 
cell  to  the  abbey  of  Evesham,  and  valued,  at  the  disso- 
lution, at  £101.  14.  per  annum.  The  remains  have 
been  converted  into  a  farm-house,  and  are  situated 
about  half  a  mile  to  the  north-east  of  the  town,  in 
the  centre  of  which,  according  to  Leland,  they  originally 
stood.  In  the  reign  of  Henry  I.  the  place  was  a  free 
borough,  and  in  that  of  Henry  II.  it  was  rated,  among 
the  other  boroughs  in  the  county,  at  four  marks  as  a 
yearly  aid.  In  the  21st  of  Edward  I.,  Sir  Walter  de 
Beauchamp,  lord  of  a  moiety  of  the  manoi;,  obtained 
the  grant  of  an  annual  fair  for  eight  days,  to  begin  on 
the  eve  of  St.  Giles ;  which  being  found  inconvenient, 
it  was  transferred  to  the  eve  of  St.  Faith  by  another 
charter  in  the  30th  of  that  monarch's  reign.  In  the 
28th  of  the  same  reign  he  also  received  a  grant  of  free 
warren  in  all  his  demesne  lands  here  and  elsewhere. 
His  son  Walter,  in  the  13th  of  Edward  II.,  obtained  a 
charter  for  another  fair,  to  be  held  annually  for  eight 
days,  beginning  on  the  eve  of  St.  Barnabas  the  Apostle ; 
and  his  brother  and  successor,  Giles,  procured  in  the 
14th  of  Edward  III.,  a  charter  to  fortify  and  embattle 
his  manor-house  here.  His  great-grandson,  Sir  John 
Beauchamp,  purchased  the  other  moiety  of  the  manor 
from  the  family  of  Botreaux,  and  having  thus  become 
lord  of  the  whole,  obtained,  in  the  25th  of  Henry  VI., 
a  charter  confirming  the  privilege  of  a  court  leet  with 
waifs  and  estrays,  a  market,  and  all  other  privileges 
previously  enjoyed  by  his  predecessors. 

The  TOWN  is  pleasantly  situated  on  the  river  Arrow, 
at  its  confluence  with  the  Alne,  in  a  fertile  and  richly- 
cultivated  vale,  surrounded  with  finely-wooded  emi- 
nences ;  and  consists  of  one  principal  street,  from  which, 
near  the  market-place,  others  diverge  in  the  direction  of 
the  roads  to  Birmingham,  Stratford-upon-Avon,  and 
Evesham.  The  houses  are  in  many  instances  well  built, 
and  of  handsome  appearance,  occasionally  interspersed 
with  ancient  buildings  having  projecting  upper  stories, 
and  many  modern  brick-built  cottages.  The  principal 
manufacture  is  that  of  needles  and  fish-hooks,  in  which 
from  500  to  600  persons  are  employed.  The  market, 


AL  C  I 


AL  D  B 


which  is  well  supplied  with  corn,  is  on  Tuesday ;  and 
the  fairs,  principally  for  cattle,  horses,  and  sheep,  are  on 
Jan.  26th,  March  23rd,  May  18th,  July  27th,  Oct. 
18th,  and  Dec.  7th.  The  town  is  within  the  jurisdiction 
of  the  county  magistrates ;  and  a  court  leet  is  held 
annually  in  November,  when  bailiffs  and  constables  are 
appointed  by  the  steward  of  the  manor.  The  town- 
hall,  situated  in  the  centre  of  the  market-place,  is  a 
plain  building,  of  which  the  lower  part,  appropriated  to 
the  use  of  the  market,  is  of  stone,  supported  on  circular 
arches  and  round  Tuscan  columns.  The  parish  com- 
prises by  measurement  1200  acres  of  good  fertile  land, 
and  extends  to  the  Ridge  Way,  which  separates  a  por- 
tion of  the  county  from  that  of  Worcester.  The  LIVING 
is  a  discharged  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£14.  18.  10.,  and  in  the  gift  of  the  Marquess  of  Hert- 
ford :  the  income  arises  from  land  granted  in  lieu  of 
tithes,  comprising  90  acres,  valued  at  £215  per  annum. 
The  church,  formerly  dedicated  to  St.  Andrew,  was 
built  in  the  beginning  of  the  thirteenth  century  ;  but  of 
the  original  structure  only  the  tower  remains,  the  battle- 
ments of  which,  together  with  the  body  of  the  church, 
were  rebuilt  in  1732,  when  the  church  was  dedicated  to 
St.  Nicholas  ;  it  has  been  lately  rendered  more  commo- 
dious by  extensive  galleries  erected  at  the  expense  of  the 
rector.  The  exterior  preserves  a  characteristic  appear- 
ance, harmonizing  with  the  tower,  to  which  the  interior, 
with  a  flat  ceiling  supported  on  round  Tuscan  pillars 
separating  the  aisles  from  the  nave,  forms  a  striking 
contrast.  Near  the  altar  is  a  tomb  with  recumbent 
effigies  of  Sir  Fulke  Greville  and  his  lady,  finely  sculp- 
tured and  coloured,  and  an  elegant  monument  to  the 
second  Marquess  of  Hertford,  in  which  his  effigy,  in  a 
sitting  posture,  is  beautifully  represented  in  white  mar- 
ble. Two  chantries  were  formerly  existing  in  the  church  ; 
one  in  a  chapel  of  "  Our  Lady,"  founded  by  one  of  the 
Botelers  of  Oversley ;  and  the  other  by  John,  son  of 
Giles  de  Beauchamp,  in  the  36th  of  Edward  III.  There 
are  places  of  worship  for  Baptists,  the  Society  of  Friends, 
Independents,  Wesleyans,  and  Unitarians.  The  free 
school,  which  is  open  to  all  the  boys  of  the  parish,  was 
instituted  in  1592,  by  Walter  Newport,  of  Goldney,  in 
the  county  of  Northampton,  who  endowed  it  with  £400, 
producing  £20  per  annum,  which  is  paid  to  the  master, 
who  has  also  a  house  and  garden  rent-free  :  there  are 
but  few  boys  on  the  foundation.  Certain  almshouses 
are  endowed  with  land  for  eight  poor  women,  who  have 
a  weekly  allowance  of  two  shillings  and  four-pence,  and 
receive  from  Lady  Warwick's  charity  a  black  gown 
annually ;  and  there  are  also  other  charitable  bequests 
for  apprenticing  children  and  for  distribution.  The 
poor  law  union  of  Alcester  comprises  18  parishes  and 
places  in  the  county  of  Warwick,  and  4  in  that  of  Wor- 
cester ;  and  contains  a  population  of  16,833.  Among 
the  Roman  antiquities  found  in  the  town  and  its  im- 
mediate vicinity  are  numerous  urns,  coins,  tessellated 
pavements,  and  other  relics.  Beauchamp's  Court,  the 
ancient  manor-house,  now  a  farm,  about  a  mile  and  a 
half  distant,  gives  the  title  of  Baron  to  the  Earl  of 
Warwick. 

ALCISTON,  a  parish,  in  the  union  of  WEST  FIRLE, 
hundred  of  ALCISTON,  rape  of  PEVENSEY,  E.  division  of 
SUSSEX,  7?  miles  (E.  S.  E.)  from  Lewes ;  containing 
275  inhabitants.  It  comprises  about  2100  acres,  a  por- 
tion of  which  consists  of  chalky  downs.  The  living  is  a 
24 


discharged  vicarage,  united  by  act  of  council  in  1840  to 
Selmeston,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £6  ;  net  in- 
come, £50  ;  patron,  the  Prebendary  of  Heathfield  in 
the  Cathedral  of  Chichester  for  two  turns,  and  the  Dean 
and  Chapter  for  one;  the  latter  are  the  impropriators. 
The  church  has  some  remains  of  Norman  architecture, 
with  an  admixture  of  the  early  English  style. 

ALCOMBE,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  DUNSTER, 
union  of  WILLITON,  hundred  of  CARHAMPTON,  W. 
division  of  DORSET  ;  containing  259  inhabitants. 

ALCONBURY  (Sr.  PETER  AND  ST.  PAUL),  a  parish, 
in  the  hundred  of  LEIGHTONSTONE,  union  and  county 
of  HUNTINGDON,  4^  miles  (N.  W.)  from  Huntingdon; 
containing  823  inhabitants,  and  comprising  about  4000 
acres.  A  fair  is  held  on  Midsummer-day.  The  living 
is  a  discharged  vicarage,  with  Alconbury-Weston  an- 
nexed, valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £8.  6.  1.;  net 
income,  £162;  patrons  and  appropriators,  Dean  and 
Chapter  of  Westminster.  The  glebe  comprises  186  acres. 
There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Wesleyans. 

ALCONBURY-WESTON,  a  parish,  in  the  hundred 
of  LEIGHTONSTONE,  union  and  county  of  HUNTINGDON, 
6  miles  (N.  W.)  from  Huntingdon;  containing  491 
inhabitants.  The  living  is  annexed  to  the  vicarage  of 
Alconbury. 

ALCUMLOW,  with  MORETON,  a  township,  in  the 
parish  of  ASTBURY,  union  of  CONGLETON,  hundred  of 
NORTHWICH,  S.  division  of  the  county  of  CHESTER  ; 
containing  148  inhabitants. 

ALDBOROUGH  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  ERPINGHAM,  hundred  of  NORTH  ERPINGHAM,  E. 
division  of  NORFOLK,  6  miles  (N.)  from  Aylsham  ;  con- 
taining 293  inhabitants.  It  comprises  788a.  9p.,  of 
which  434  acres  are  arable,  287  pasture  and  meadow, 
and  20  woodland.  A  stock  and  pleasure  fair  is  held  on 
June  22nd.  The  living  is  a  discharged  rectory,  valued 
in  the  king's  books  at  £8,  and  in  the  gift  of  Lord  Suffield : 
the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of 
£192.  10.,  and  the  glebe  consists  of  26  acres,  with  a 
good  house.  The  church,  chiefly  in  the  decorated  style, 
contains  several  neat  memorials  to  the  family  of  Gay, 
and  some  sepulchral  brasses  to  the  Herewards,  from 
whom  the  Gays  were  descended. 

ALDBOROUGH,  or  AL- 
DEBURGH  (ST.  PETER  AND 
ST.  PAUL),  a  sea-port  and 
parish  (formerly  a  repre- 
sentative borough  and  mar- 
ket-town), having  separate 
jurisdiction,  in  the  union, 
and  locally  in  the  hundred, 
of  PLOMESGATE,  S.  division 
of  SUFFOLK,  25  miles  (N. 
E.  by  E.)  from  Ipswich,  and 
94  (N.  E.)  from  London ; 
containing  1557  inhabitants. 
This  place  takes  its  name  from  its  situation  on  the  river 
Aide,  and  was  formerly  of  very  considerable  extent  and 
importance,  possessing  many  valuable  privileges.  Owing 
to  the  encroachment  of  the  sea  (which,  within  the  last 
century,  has  destroyed  the  market-place,  with  an  entire 
street  and  a  great  number  of  houses),  it  has  been  re- 
duced to  an  inconsiderable  town ;  but  from  the  salubrity 
of  the  air  and  the  convenience  of  the  shore  for  sea- 
bathing, it  has  lately  become  a  place  of  fashionable 


Seal  and  Arms. 


A  LD  B 


A  LD  B 


resort  during  the  summer ;  baths  for  the  accommoda- 
tion of  visiters  have  been  erected,  and  machines  are  in 
attendance  on  the  beach.  The  town  is  situated  in  a 
pleasant  vale,  rather  below  the  level  of  high-water  mark, 
having  the  river  Aide  on  the  north,  and  on  the  south 
the  navigable  river  Ore,  which  flows  from  Orford  to  this 
place :  it  is  sheltered  by  a  steep  hill,  the  extended 
summit  of  which  forms  a  magnificent  terrace,  affording 
a  delightful  promenade,  and  a  beautifully  diversified 
prospect,  embracing  an  extensive  view  of  the  North  Sea. 
The  strand,  to  which  the  descent  from  the  town  is 
gradual,  consists  of  firm  sand,  favourable  for  bathing 
and  walking.  At  the  southern  extremity  of  the  main 
street,  which  is  nearly  a  mile  in  length,  are  a  battery, 
on  which,  during  the  late  war,  two  eighteen-pounders 
were  mounted,  another  of  five  guns,  and  a  martello 
tower,  for  the  protection  of  the  coast.  The  old  houses 
are  in  general  ill-constructed,  but  those  erected  by 
families  residing  here  during  the  season,  or  for  the  ac- 
commodation of  visiters,  are  well  built  and  respectable  ; 
among  which  is  an  elegant  marine  villa,  in  the  Italian 
style,  built  by  the  late  Leveson  Vernon,  Esq.  There  is 
a  public  subscription  library,  situated  on  the  Head  ;  a 
neat  and  commodious  theatre  is  open  for  a  few  weeks 
during  the  season  ;  and  assemblies  are  held  occasionally 
at  the  principal  inns.  The  trade  of  the  port  consists 
chiefly  in  the  exportation  of  corn,  and  the  importation 
of  coal  and  timber,  in  which  forty-six  vessels,  averaging 
fifty-two  tons'  burthen,  are  employed.  The  custom- 
house is  a  neat  and  convenient  building  near  the  quay ; 
and  the  harbour,  which  is  safe  and  commodious,  attracts 
a  number  of  seafaring  people  and  fishermen,  by  whom 
the  town  is  principally  inhabited.  Many  of  these  are 
Trinity-house  pilots,  who  form  themselves  into  small 
associations,  and  purchase  swift-sailing  cutters,  in  which 
they  traverse  the  North  Sea,  frequently  approaching  the 
coast  of  Norway,  in  search  of  vessels  requiring  assist- 
ance. The  chief  employment  of  the  other  inhabitants 
consists  in  the  taking  and  drying  of  herrings  and  sprats, 
the  latter  of  which  are  found  here  in  profusion,  and  ex- 
ported to  Holland  :  soles  and  lobsters  of  superior  flavour 
are  taken  also  in  abundance.  The  market,  formerly  on 
Wednesday  and  Saturday,  has  been  discontinued ;  the 
fairs  are  held  on  March  1st  and  May  3rd. 

Aldborough  claims  to  be  a  borough  by  prescription  : 
the  earliest  charter  extant  was  granted  by  Henry  VIII. 
in  152Q,  since  which  it  has  received  several  others,  the 
last  and  governing  charter  being  granted  by  Charles  I. 
in  1637.  The  officers  of  the  corporation  are  two  bailiffs, 
ten  capital  and  twenty-four  inferior  burgesses,  a  recorder, 
town-clerk,  two  chamberlains,  two  serjeants-at-mace, 
and  others  ;  and  the  bailiffs,  late  bailiffs,  and  recorder 
are  justices  of  the  peace  for  the  borough,  which  is  co- 
extensive with  the  parish.  The  revenue  arises  princi- 
pally from  the  proceeds  of  the  town  marshes,  comprising 
188  acres  of  land  used  for  depasturing  cattle,  which 
were  purchased  in  1610,  and  are  vested  in  trustees. 
The  town-hall  is  an  ancient  building  of  timber,  under 
which  is  the  common  gaol,  consisting  of  a  single  cell, 
for  the  confinement  of  disorderly  persons  ;  the  borough 
magistrates  generally  commit  to  the  county  gaol.  The 
borough  first  exercised  the  elective  franchise  in  the 
13th  of  Elizabeth,  from  which  time,  until  its  disfran- 
chisement  by  the  Reform  Act,  in  the  2nd  of  William  IV., 
it  returned  two  members  to  parliament :  the  right  of 
VOL.  I.— 25 


election  was  vested  in  the  bailiffs  and  burgesses  not 
receiving  alms,  and  the  bailiffs  were  the  returning  offi- 
cers. The  parish  comprises  by  measurement  1150 
acres  ;  it  contains  a  small  portion  of  good  arable  land, 
but  it  chiefly  consists  of  heath,  and  of  land  laid  out  in 
sheep-walks.  The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  valued 
in  the  king's  books  at  £33.  6.  8.,  with  a  net  income  of 
£220  :  it  is  in  the  patronage  of  F.  J.  V.  Wentworth, 
Esq.,  and  there  is  a  manor  of  13  acres  attached  to  it. 
The  church  is  an  ancient  structure  of  flint  and  freestone, 
standing  on  the  summit  of  a  hill  at  the  northern  ex- 
tremity of  the  town,  with  a  square  embattled  tower 
surmounted  by  a  turret,  affording  an  excellent  land-mark 
for  mariners.  There  are  places  of  worship  for  Particular 
Baptists,  Independents,  and  Wesleyans.  A  national 
school  is  supported  by  subscription,  and  the  rental  of  a 
quay,  or  wharf,  on  the  river  Ore,  is  applicable  to  the 
purposes  of  education.  This  is  the  birth-place  of  the 
poet  Crabbe. 

ALDBOROUGH  (ST.  ANDREW),  a  parish,  partly  in 
the  wapentake  of  HALLIKELD,  N.  riding,  but  chiefly  in 
the  Lower  division  of  the  wapentake  of  CLARO,  W.  riding 
of  YORK  5  comprising  the  ancient  borough  towns  of 
Aldborough  and  Boroughbridge,  and  the  townships  of 
Minskip,  Rocliff,  and  Upper  and  Lower  Dunsforth,  part 
of  that  of  Hurnberton  with  Milby,  and  the  whole  of 
Ellenthorpe  in  the  N.  riding ;  and  containing  2473  in- 
habitants, of  whom  615  are  in  the  township  of  Aldbo- 
rough, 16|  miles  (N.  W.  by  W.)  from  York,  and  205£ 
(N.  N.  W.)  from  London.  The  town,  which  is  situated 
upon  the  southern  bank  of  the  river  Ure,  and  upon  the 
line  of  the  northern  Watling-street,  was  the  celebrated 
and  important  Roman  station  called  Isurium  Brigantium, 
and  received  from  the  Saxons  the  name  of  Eald-burgh, 
denoting  its  antiquity  even  in  their  time.  Its  destruc- 
tion is  attributed  to  the  Danes,  by  whom  it  was  sacked 
and  burnt  to  the  ground,  about  the  year  870.  The 
elective  franchise  was  granted  by  Philip  and  Mary,  in 
1558  ;  but  by  the  Reform  Act  the  borough  was  deprived 
of  the  privilege  of  returning  members.  The  right  of 
election  was  vested  in  the  inhabitants  paying  scot  and 
lot,  in  number  about  sixty ;  and  the  bailiff,  who  was 
appointed  by  the  electors,  was  the  returning  officer. 
The  town  is  now  only  a  rural  village,  beautifully  situated. 
The  parish  comprises  4600  acres ;  the  scenery  is  varied, 
and  in  some  points  picturesque.  Aldborough  Lodge,  the 
seat  of  Basil  T.  Woodd,  Esq.,  J.  P.,  is  a  handsome  resi- 
dence, in  grounds  tastefully  laid  out. 

The  LIVING  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  and  is  a  peculiar 
of  the  Dean  and  Chapter  of  York,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £9.  19.  5.;  net  income,  £368 ;  patrons  and 
appropriators,  the  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Ripon.  The 
tithes  of  the  township  of  Aldborough  were  commuted 
for  land  and  a  money  payment,  by  an  inclosure  act,  in 
1808.  The  church,  supposed  to  have  been  built  out  of 
the  ruins  of  Isurium,  has  several  antique  monuments, 
and  on  the  outside  is  a  figure  of  Mercury,  2|  feet  in 
length.  There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Independents  ; 
and  a  school  in  connexion  with  the  National  Society  is 
supported  by  subscription.  The  foundations  of  the 
walls  of  the  ancient  city,  which  included  a  quadrilateral 
area  of  2500  yards,  may  still  be  traced.  Near  the  centre 
are  vestiges  of  a  mount,  called  the  Borough  Hill,  re- 
moved in  1783,  and  believed,  from  the  remains  then 
discovered,  to  have  been  the  site  of  a  Roman  temple  ; 

E 


A  LD  B 


A  LDE 


and  about  a  hundred  paces  from  the  south  wall  is  a 
semicircular  outwork,  named  Studforth,  200  feet  long, 
with  a  slope  of  30  feet,  forming  a  lofty  terrace,  on  the 
south  side  of  the  town.  Many  Roman  remains,  consist- 
ing of  tessellated  pavements,  military  weapons,  coins, 
&c.,  have  at  various  times  been  discovered,  and  are  pre- 
served in  the  pleasure-grounds  of  Aldborough  Lodge, 
where  are  remains  of  a  Roman  encampment ;  and  in 
the  village  is  a  beautiful  tessellated  pavement,  under  a 
wood  covering. 

ALDBOURN  (ST.  MICHAEL),  a  parish  (formerly  a 
market-town),  in  the  union  of  HUNGERFORD,  hundred 
of  SELKLEY,  Marlborough  and  Ramsbury,  and  Northern, 
divisions  of  WILTS,  6  miles  (N.  E.)  from  Marlborough; 
containing  1556  inhabitants.  The  name  is  compounded 
of  the  Saxon  terms  Aid,  old,  and  bourne,  a  brook.  Aid- 
bourn  anciently  gave  name  to  a  royal  chase,  granted  by 
Henry  VIII.  to  Edward  Seymour,  Duke  of  Somerset, 
which  for  a  long  period  served  only  as  a  rabbit-warren, 
but  is  now  inclosed  and  cultivated.  Previously  to  the 
battle  of  Newbury,  in  the  reign  of  Charles  I.,  a  sharp 
skirmish  took  place  here  between  the  parliamentarian 
forces  and  the  royalists.  In  1760,  a  fire  consumed 
seventy-two  houses  ;  and,  in  1817,  twenty  were  destroyed 
by  a  similar  calamity.  The  parish  comprises  8495a.  3r. 
19p.,  of  which  5037  acres  are  arable,  839  meadow  and 
pasture,  and  226  woodland  ;  the  surface  is  generally 
undulated,  and  the  quality  of  the  soil  is  various,  pre- 
senting a  sand-gritty  substance  together  with  red  clayey 
gravel  and  black  turfy  mould,  and  in  some  places  chalk 
and  flint.  The  town,  situated  in  a  fertile  valley,  has  a 
willow-factory  for  bonnet  frames,  in  which  about  100 
females  are  employed.  The  living  is  a  vicarage,  valued 
in  the  king's  books  at  £26.  6.  3. ;  patron,  Bishop  of 
Salisbury ;  appropriators,  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Win- 
chester. The  great  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a 
rent-charge  of  £1475,  and  the  small  tithes  for  one  of 
£210  :  the  rectorial  glebe  comprises  about  120  acres  ; 
the  vicarial  consists  chiefly  of  allotments  made  under  an 
act  of  parliament,  and  is  valued  at  £262  per  annum. 
The  church,  an  ancient  structure,  exhibiting  portions  in 
the  Norman  style,  has  a  tower  erected  at  the  cost  of 
John  of  Gaunt,  Duke  of  Lancaster ;  and  the  southern 
part  of  the  vicarage-house  is  supposed  to  be  the  remains 
of  a  hunting  seat,  which  belonged  to  him.  There  is  a 
place  of  worship  for  Wesleyans.  Near  a  farm-house, 
called  Pierce's  Lodge,  are  vestiges  of  an  ancient  British 
encampment  ;  and  in  the  neighbourhood  may  be  seen 
various  artificial  mounds  of  earth. 

ALDBROUGH  (ST.  BARTHOLOMEW),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  SKIRLAUGH,  Middle  division  of  the  wapentake 
of  HOLDERNESS,  E.  riding  of  YORK  ;  comprising  the 
townships  of  Aldbrough,  Newton-East,  and  Newton- 
West,  with  part  of  Great  and  Little  Cowden  ;  and  con- 
taining 1119  inhabitants,  of  whom  845  are  in  the  town- 
ship of  Aldbrough,  ll£  miles  (N.  E.  by  E.)  from  Hull. 
The  township  of  Aldbrough  comprises  upwards  of  4000 
acres,  of  which  two-thirds  are  arable,  and  one-third  is 
pasture ;  the  soil,  generally,  is  strong  and  tenacious  ; 
and  bricks  and  tiles  are  manufactured.  The  village, 
which  is  large  and  convenient,  is  pleasantly  situated  on 
an  eminence  about  a  mile  from  the  sea,  and  includes 
some  good  houses  and  shops,  and  a  large  hotel,  recently 
built,  for  the  accommodation  of  visitors  who  resort 
hither  for  sea-bathing.  The  living  is  a  discharged 
26 


vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £13.  15.,  and  in 
the  patronage  of  the  Crown,  with  a  net  income  of  £350  : 
the  rectorial  tithes  for  the  lordship  of  Aldbrough  were 
commuted  for  land,  under  an  inclosure  act,  in  1764.  The 
church,  the  oldest  in  Holderness,  is  a  large  and  ancient 
edifice,  and  contains  a  circular  stone,  bearing  this  Saxon 
inscription  :  "  Ulf  commanded  this  church  to  be  built 
for  the  soul  of  Hanum  and  Gunthral."  Ulf  was  lord  of 
the  place,  and  had  a  castle  here,  every  vestige  of  which, 
except  the  moat,  has  been  destroyed.  The  chantry  on 
the  north  side  of  the  chancel  contains  a  very  splendid 
monument  of  Sir  John  de  Melsa  and  his  lady  ;  the 
Knight  was  governor  of  the  city  of  York  from  1292  to 
1296,  and  a  great  warrior;  his  massive  helmet  is  pre- 
served. There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Wesleyans.  The 
rental  of  certain  land,  left  by  Mr.  Towry,  is  appropriated 
to  the  instruction  of  children  and  relief  of  the  poor; 
and  three  inhabitants  of  the  parish  are  eligible  to  Tym- 
peron's  almshouses  at  Beverley.  Slight  traces  of  a 
Roman  road  are  discernible  in  the  vicinity. 

ALDBROUGH,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  STAN- 
wiCK-Sx.  JOHN,  union  of  RICHMOND,  wapentake  of 
GILLING-WEST,  N.  riding  of  YORK,  7  miles  (W.  S.  W.) 
from  Darlington ;  containing  544  inhabitants.  It  is  a 
large  and  pleasant  village,  situated  on  a  small  rivulet, 
and  the  lands  in  the  vicinity  are  fertile  and  productive." 
Carlton  Hall,  a  mile  to  the  north,  was  formerly  the  seat 
of  S.  B.  M.  Barrett,  Esq.,  who  built  a  school  here,  which 
is  supported  by  Lord  Prudhoe,  lord  of  the  manor,  and 
other  subscribers.  There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Wes- 
leyans. 

ALDBURY  (ST.  JOHN  THE  BAPTIST),  a  parish,  in 
the  union  of  BERKHAMPSTEAD,  hundred  of  DACORUM, 
county  of  HERTFORD,  3  miles  (E.  by  N.)  from  Tring ; 
containing  790  inhabitants,  and  comprising  by  measure- 
ment 2102  acres.  The  village  is  pleasantly  situated  at 
the  foot  of  the  Chiltern  Hills,  the  summits  of  which  are 
crowned  with  thick  plantations ;  and  the  Tring  station 
of  the  London  and  Birmingham  railway  is  only  about  a 
mile  distant  from  the  church.  The  living  is  a  rectory, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £20.  8.  6|.,  and  in  the 
patronage  of  the  Countess  of  Bridgewater  :  the  tithes 
have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £374,  and  the 
glebe  comprises  32  acres.  The  church  is  in  the  early 
style  of  English  architecture,  and  contains  an  altar- 
tomb  of  an  armed  knight,  in  a  recumbent  posture,  and 
his  lady ;  also  another,  with  brasses,  to  a  knight  and 
his  lady,  and  their  nine  sons  and  three  daughters ;  both 
executed  in  the  richest  style  of  ancient  sculpture.  There 
are  two  places  of  worship  for  Baptists.  Several  schools 
are  supported  ;  and  the  poor  have  the  produce  of  some 
bequests  left  for  their  relief. 

ALDCLIFFE,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  LAN- 
CASTER, hundred  of  LONSDALE,  south  of  the  Sands,  N. 
division  of  the  county  of  LANCASTER,  l£  mile  (S.  W.) 
from  Lancaster;  containing  111  inhabitants. 

ALDEBURGH. — See  ALDBOROUGH. 

ALDEBY  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
LODDON  and  CLAVERING,  hundred  of  CLAVERING,  E. 
division  of  NORFOLK,  3  miles  (N.  E.)  from  Beccles ; 
containing  496  inhabitants.  It  is  bounded  on  the  south 
by  the  navigable  river  Waveney,  which  separates  it 
from  the  county  of  Suffolk ;  and  comprises  3043  acres 
by  admeasurement.  The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy  ; 
net  income,  £120;  patrons  and  appropriators,  Dean  and 


A  L  D  E 


ALDE 


Chapter  of  Norwich.  The  church,  a  cruciform  structure, 
with  a  south  chapel,  is  partly  in  the  early  and  partly  in 
the  perpendicular  style  ;  the  entrance  to  the  west  is 
through  a  rich  Norman  doorway  j  the  tower  rises  be- 
tween the  nave  and  chancel.  A  national  school  was 
erected  in  1840.  £40,  the  rental  of  land,  are  annually 
distributed  among  the  poor.  Here  was  a  small  priory, 
a  cell  to  the  Benedictine  abbey  of  Norwich,  which,  at  the 
dissolution,  was  given  by  Henry  VIII.  as  part  of  the 
endowment  of  that  cathedral. 

ALDENHAM  (ST.  JOHN  THE  BAPTIST),  a  parish,  in 
the  union  of  WATFORD,  hundred  of  CASHIO,  or  liberty 
of  ST.  ALBAN'S,  county  of  HERTFORD,  2f  miles  (N.  E. 
by  E.)  from  Watford  ;  containing,  with  the  hamlet  of 
Theobald  Street,  1662  inhabitants.  The  living  is  a  vicar- 
age, valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £24,  and  in  the  gift 
of  the  Trustees  of  P.  Thellusson,  Esq.  :  the  impropriate 
tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £778, 
and  the  vicarial  for  £110.  The  church  is  in  the  early 
English  style,  and  contains  some  highly  ornamented 
screen- work,  the  effigies  of  two  females  in  stone,  and  an 
enriched  font.  The  free  grammar  school  was  founded 
and  endowed  in  1599,  by  Richard  Platt,  citizen  of  Lon- 
don, for  sixty  children,  to  be  chosen  from  among  the 
poor  of  Aldenham  and  the  families  of  freemen  of  tbe 
Brewers'  Company,  London  ;  and,  in  default  of  the  full 
number  of  scholars  from  Aldenham,  from  the  poor  of 
the  adjacent  parishes,  the  children  of  the  founder's  name 
and  kin  to  have  the  preference.  In  consequence  of  a 
great -improvement  in  the  value  of  the  property,  the 
master  and  wardens  of  the  company,  who  were  consti- 
tuted the  governors,  decided  upon  extending  its  benefits  ; 
and  the  present  buildings,  called  the  "  Upper  and  Lower 
Schools,"  were  erected  in  1825,  the  latter  school  being 
designed  for  the  sons  of  farmers  and  labourers  of  Alden- 
ham, to  be  taught  on  the  national  system.  The  same 
munificent  benefactor  also  endowed  six  almshouses  ; 
and  a  school,  established  in  1826,  is  supported  by  Lady 
Pole.  Elizabeth  Brown,  in  the  16th  year  of  Charles  I., 
bequeathed  a  rent-charge  of  £15,  which  is  distributed  at 
Christmas,  in  coal  and  clothing,  among  the  poor. 

ALDERBURY  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  and  the  head 
of  a  union,  in  the  hundred  of  ALDERBURY,  Salisbury 
and  Amesbury,  and  S.  divisions  of  WILTS,  3  miles  (S. 
E.  by  E.)  from  Salisbury  ;  containing,  with  Farley  and 
Pitton  chapelries,  1440  inhabitants.  The  living  is  a 
discharged  vicarage,  in  the  patronage  of  the  Treasurer 
of  Sarum,  with  a  net  income  of  £162  :  the  great  tithes 
were  commuted  for  land  and  an  annual  money  payment, 
under  an  inciosure  act,  in  1803.  At  Farley  and  Pitton, 
in  the  parish,  are  chapels  of  ease.  There  is  a  place  of 
worship  for  Wesleyans ;  also  a  small  endowed  free 
school.  The  Rev.  Gabriel  Thistlethwaite,  by  deed  in 
1708,  gave  ten  acres  of  land  at  Whaddon  in  the  vicinity, 
now  let  for  £15  per  annum,  of  which  £10  are  appro- 
priated for  the  benefit  of  the  poor  of  Alderbury  and 
Whaddon  ;  and  a  rent-charge  of  £5,  under  the  will  of 
James  Ely,  is  occasionally  applied  to  the  apprenticing 
of  children.  The  poor  law  union  of  Alderbury  com- 
prises 22  parishes  or  places,  and  contains  a  population 
of  14,171.  A  monastery  formerly  existed  at  Ivy  Church, 
in  the  parish,  the  site  of  which  is  now  occupied  by  a 
modern  residence. 

ALDERFORD   (ST.  JOHN  THE   BAPTIST),  a  parish, 
in   the  union  of  ST.  FAITH'S,  hundred  of  EYNSFORD, 
27 


E.  division  of  NORFOLK,  3£  miles  (S.  E.  by  S.)  from 
Reepham  ;  containing  44  inhabitants.  This  parish, 
bounded  on  the  south  by  the  river  Wensum,  and  inter-' 
sected  by  the  road  from  Norwich  to  Reepham,  com- 
prises 43 la.  l6p.,  chiefly  arable.  The  living  is  a  dis- 
charged rectory,  with  the  vicarage  of  Attlebridge  con- 
solidated, valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £4.  6.  8.  ; 
patrons,  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Norwich.  The  tithes  have 
been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £137,  and  the  glebe 
consists  of  7  acres,  with  a  small  cottage.  The  church 
is^  in  the  early,  decorated,  and  later  English  styles,  and 
consists  of  a  nave  and  chancel,  with  a  square  tower ; 
the  font  is  curiously  and  elaborately  sculptured. 

ALDERHOLT,  a  tything,  in  the  parish  and  hundred 
of  CRANBORNE,  union  of  WIMBORNE  and  CRANBORNE, 
Wimborne  division  of  DORSET  ;  containing  404  inha- 
bitants. 

ALDERLEY  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
and  hundred  of  MACCLESFIELD,  N.  division  of  the 
county  of  CHESTER,  6  miles  (W.  N.  W.)  from  Maccles- 
field ;  containing  1538  inhabitants,  of  whom  455  are  in 
the  township  of  Upper  Alderley,  679  in  that  of  Lower 
Alderley,  and  404  in  that  of  Great  Warford.  This 
parish  comprises  by  computation  6009  acres  of  fertile 
land ;  the  surface  is  greatly  diversified,  and  towards  the 
north-east  the  ground  rises  gradually,  forming  an  eleva- 
tion called  Alderley  Edge,  which  terminates  abruptly, 
and  commands  an  extensive  view.  Alderley  Park,  the 
seat  of  Lord  Stanley,  forms  an  interesting  feature  in  the 
landscape ;  in  the  grounds  is  a  fine  sheet  of  water, 
called  Radnor  Mere,  a  wood  near  which  contains  some 
of  the  finest  beech  trees  in  England.  A  few  of  the  in- 
habitants are  engaged  in  weaving  for  the  manufacturers 
of  the  neighbouring:  towns.  The  branch  of  the  Man- 
chester and  Birmingham  railway  from  Stockport  to 
Crewe  passes  through  the  parish.  The  living  is  a  rec- 
tory, valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £14.  10.  10.;  net 
income,  £514;  patron,  Lord  Stanley.  There  are  places 
of  worship  for  Wesleyans,  and  one  for  Baptists  at  Great 
Warford.  An  ancient  school-house  in  the  churchyard, 
some  time  after  its  erection,  was  endowed  with  £250, 
which  has  been  placed  at  interest  in  the  hands  of  Lord 
Stanley,  who  pays  tbe  master  £10  per  annum  ;  and 
there  is  also  another  school,  which  is  principally  sup- 
ported by  his  lordship.  On  the  high  ground  of  Aider- 
ley  Edge  is  a  fine  spring,  called  the  Holy  Well.  The 
title  of  Baron  Stanley,  of  Alderley,  was  created  in  1839. 

ALDERLEY  (ST.  KENELME),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  CHIPPING-SODBURY,  Upper  division  of  the  hundred 
of  GRUMBALD'S-ASH,  W.  division  of  the  county  of 
GLOUCESTER,  2  miles  (S.  S.  E.)  from  Wotton-under- 
Edge  ;  containing  174  inhabitants.  The  village  is  plea- 
santly situated  on  an  eminence  between  two  streams 
which  unite  and  fall  into  the  river  Severn  at  Berkeley, 
and  commands  an  extensive  and  interesting  view  to  the 
south  and  south-west.  There  is  a  manufactory  of  cloth 
which  affords  employment  to  between  one  and  two 
hundred  persons.  The  living  is  a  discharged  rectory, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £11.  4.  7.,  and  in  the 
gift  of  R.  H.  B.  Hale,  Esq.:  the  tithes  have  been  com- 
muted for  a  rent-charge  of  £155.  5.  8.,  and  there  are 
about  25  acres  of  glebe.  The  Rev.  Potter  Cole  was,  in 
1730,  presented  to  this  benefice,  which  he  held  till  the 
year  1800,  Cornua  ammonis  and  other  fossils  are  found. 
Sir  Matthew  Hale,  lord  chief  justice  in  the  reign  of 

E  2 


A  LD  E 


A  L  D  E 


Charles   II.,  was  born  here,  Nov.    1st,   1609,  and  lies 
interred  in  the  churchyard. 

ALDERMASTON,  or  ALDMERSTON  (ST.  MARY),  a 
parish  (formerly  a  market-town),  in  the  union  of  BRAD- 
FIELD,  hundred  of  THEALE,  county  of  BERKS,  10  miles 
(S.  W.  by  W.)  from  Reading ;  containing  662  inhabit- 
ants. This  place  was  distinguished  by  various  military 
operations  in  the  civil  war.  The  royal  army  under  the 
command  of  Col.  Gage,  on  its  way  from  Oxford  to  Basing 
House  in  1643,  halted  at  the  village :  on  its  return, 
finding  the  enemy  in  possession  of  the  place,  the  troops 
were  ordered  to  march  by  a  different  route.  The  Earl 
of  Essex  was  here  with  his  army  in  the  same  year,  and 
proceeded  hence  by  Padworth  and  Bucklebury  heath  to 
Newbury,  immediately  before  the  second  battle  fought 
near  that  town.  The  parish  comprises  368Qa.  6p.,  and 
is  intersected  by  the  river  Kennet.  Fairs  are  held  on 
May  6th,  July  7th,  and  Oct.  llth.  The  living  is  a 
peculiar,  in  the  gift  of  the  lord  of  the  manor,  valued  in 
the  king's  books  at  £12.  12.  8^.  The  tithes  were  for- 
merly appropriated  to  the  priory  of  Sherborne,  subject 
to  the  payment  of  a  small  quit-rent  to  Queen's  College, 
Oxford  ;  but  since  the  reign  of  Elizabeth  they  have  be- 
longed to  the  lord  of  the  manor  ;  they  have  been  com- 
muted for  a  rent-charge  of  £535.  The  church  is  an 
ancient  structure,  and  contains  several  fine  old  monu- 
ments of  the  families  of  Orchard,  De  la  Mere,  and  Fos- 
ter. The  Rev.  Robert  Dixon,  an  incumbent,  built  four 
almshouses  for  poor  widows,  in  1706;  and  there  is  a 
national  school. 

ALDERMINSTER  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  partly  in 
the  Upper  division  of  the  ,-hundred  of  OSWALDSLOW, 
but  chiefly  in  the  Upper  .division  of  the  hundred  of 
PERSHORE,  xmion  of  STRA,TFORD-UPON-AVON,  Blockley 
and  E.  divisions  of  the  county  of  WORCESTER,  of  which 
it  is  a  detached  portion,  surrounded  by  Warwickshire, 
5  miles  (S.  S.  E.)  from  Stratford ;  containing  508  in- 
habitants. The  pai-ish  comprises  by  computation  3000 
acres ;  it  is  bounded  on  the  south-west  by  the  river 
Stour,  and  has  a  great  variety  of  soil.  The  living  is  a 
discharged  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £7 ; 
the  patronage  and  impropriation  belong  to  the  Crown. 
The  great  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of 
£188.  4.  6.,  and  those  of  the  incumbent  for  £160.  19.  6. ; 
the  glebe  comprises  20  acres  in  this  parish,  and  3^  acres 
in  that  of  Bengworth,  near  Evesham.  The  church  is  a 
curious  cruciform  edifice,  with  a  low  tower ;  the  nave  is 
in  the  Norman  style. 

ALDERNEY,  an  island,  dependent  on,  and  under 
the  jurisdiction  of,  the  states  of  Guernsey,  situated  6 
leagues  (N.  E.)  from  that  island,  and  7  miles  (W.)  from 
Cape  La  Hogue,  in  Normandy  (from  which  it  is  sepa- 
rated by  a  strait,  called  by  the  French  "  Raz  Blanchard," 
and  by  the  English  the  Race  of  Alderney),  and  contain- 
ing 1030  inhabitants.  This  island,  named  in  old  En- 
glish records  Aurney,  Aureney,  and  Anrigny,  by  which 
last  name  it  is  still  designated  by  the  French  geogra- 
phers, is  supposed  to  have  been  the  Riduna  of  Antoni- 
nus ;  but  little  of  its  history  is  known  prior  to  the  time 
of  Henry  III.,  in  the  fourth  year  of  whose  reign  an  act 
of  parliament  was  passed,  by  which  it  appears  that  one 
moiety  of  the  island  belonged  to  that  monarch,  and  the 
other  moiety  to  the  Bishop  of  Coutances.  From  an 
extent  of  the  crown,  made  in  the  fourth  year  of  the 
reign  of  James  I.,  the  whole  of  the  island  was  the  pro- 
28 


perty  of  the  king,  who  was  entitled  to  the  amends,  or 
fines,  and  the  perquisites  of  the  court ;  to  the  treiziemes, 
or  thirteenths,  upon  the  sale  of  lands  ;  and  to  the 
wrecks,  and  other  princely  rights  and  royalties ;  but  it 
was  subsequently  granted  in  fee-farm  to  successive 
tenants.  George  III.,  by  letters  patent  under  the  great 
seal,  bearing  date  Dec.  14th,  1763,  in  consideration  of 
the  surrender  of  the  former  lease,  or  patent,  and  for 
other  considerations  therein  specified,  granted  the  island 
to  John  Le  Mesurier,  Esq.,  for  99  years,  with  a 
proviso  for  resuming  the  lease  at  any  time,  upon  pay- 
ment to  the  lessee  of  such  amount  of  money  as  should 
have  been  disbursed  in  improving  the  mansion  called 
the  Governor's  house,  and  the  other  premises  ;  and  in 
this  grant  was  included  the_advowson  of  the  church  and 
chapel,  with  power  to  levy  duties  upon  all  vessels  com- 
ing into  the  port  of  the  island,  in  the  same  proportion 
as  they  are  levied  in  the  harbour  of  St.  Peter's  Port,  in 
Guernsey.  The  rights  and  property  of  the  island  were, 
however,  purchased  by  government  from  J.  Le  Mesu- 
rier, Esq.,  of  Poole,  who  was  the  last  governor. 

The  approach  to  the  ISLAND,  particularly  in  stormy 
weather,  is  dangerous,  from  the  rapidity  and  diversity 
of  the  currents,  which  at  spring  tides  rush  in  contrary 
directions,  with  a  velocity  of  six  miles  an  hour,  and 
from  the  numerous  rocks  by  which  it  is  surrounded. 
These  rocks  were  fatal  to  Prince  Henry,  son  of  Henry  I., 
who  was  wrecked  here  on  his  return  from  Normandy, 
in  1119;  and,  in  1744,  to  the  Victory  man  of  war, 
which  was  lost  with  the  whole  crew,  consisting  of  1100 
men  :  the  French  fleet,  notwithstanding,  escaped  through 
this  passage  after  its  defeat  at  La  Hogue,  in  1692. 
About  seven  miles  to  the  west  are  the  Caskets,  a  cluster 
of  rocks  rising  to  a  height  of  twenty-five  to  thirty 
fathoms  from  the  water,  and  about  one  mile  in  circum- 
ference :  on  the  south-west  side  is  a  naturally-formed 
harbour,  in  which  a  frigate  may  shelter  as  in  a  dock  j 
steps  are  cut  in  the  rock,  and  conveniences  are  provided 
for  hauling  up  boats  :  there  is  also  a  smaller  and  less 
compact  harbour  on  the  north-east  side.  On  these  rocks 
three  light-houses  have  been  erected,  and  furnished  with 
revolving  reflectors.  The  island,  which  is  four  miles 
in  length,  one  mile  and  a  half  in  breadth,  and  nearly 
ten  miles  in  circumference,  shelves  considerably  to  the 
north-east,  and  is  intersected  by  deep  valleys  :  the 
whole  of  the  southern  and  eastern  parts,  from  La  Pen- 
dante  to  La  Clanque,  is  bounded  by  cliffs  varying  in 
elevation  from  100  to  200  feet,  and  presenting  pic- 
turesque and  striking  scenery  :  the  northern  and  eastern 
sides  are  terminated  with  lower  cliffs,  alternating  with 
small  bays  and  flat  shores.  The  bay  of  Bray  is  remark- 
ably fine,  affording  good  anchorage  to  vessels,  and  at 
low  water  the  sands  are  very  extensive :  Longy  bay  is 
also  commodious ;  and  Craby  harbour,  in  which  at 
spring  tides  the  water  rises  to  the  height  of  twenty-fife 
feet,  affords  every  facility  for  a  wet  dock.  The  east  side 
of  the  island  consists  chiefly  of  reddish  sandstone,  and 
the  west  side  'principally  of  porphyry,  neither  of  which 
rocks  is  found  in  large  masses  in  any  of  the  other 
islands  of  the  group.  About  one-half  of  the  land  is  in 
cultivation ;  the  remainder  consists  of  common  and 
furze  land,  affording  good  pasturage  for  sheep,  but  in- 
sufficient for  cattle.  The  soil,  though  light  and  sandy, 
is  in  general  good,  and  the  system  of  agriculture  similar 
to  that  of  Guernsey  ;  but  the  general  appearance  of  the 


A  LD  E 


A  LDE 


land  is  bare,  as  few  trees  and  no  thorn  hedges  are  to  be 
seen,  the  inclosures  being  formed  by  walls  of  loose 
stones,  and  furze  banks.  Of  the  Alderney  breed  of 
cows,  which  has  taken  its  name  from  this  island,  Jersey 
and  Guernsey  furnish  by  far  the  greater  number  for  ex- 
portation, this  island  but  very  few.  The  town  is  situated 
nearly  in  the  centre  of  the  island,  and,  with  the  excep- 
tion of  the  Governor's  house,  contains  few  buildings 
worthy  of  notice ;  it  is  partially  paved,  and  well  sup- 
plied with  water  :  there  is  a  good  road  to  Bray  harbour, 
and  another  to  Longy  bay,  where  was  an  ancient  nun- 
nery, subsequently  used  as  barracks  during  the  war, 
and,  since  the  peace  converted  into  an  hospital,  and  a 
dep6t  for  military  stores.  The  pier,  near  which  are 
several  houses,  is  of  rude  construction,  with  but  one 
projecting  arm,  affording  shelter  to  vessels  only  from 
the  north-east. 

The  CIVIL,  JURISDICTION  is  exercised  by  a  judge  and  six 
jurats,  the  former  of  whom  is  nominated  by  the  gover- 
nor, and  the  latter  elected  by  the  commonalty  ;  they 
hold  their  several  appointments  for  life,  unless  removed 
for  misbehaviour,  or  malversation  in  office ;  and,  with 
the  queen's  officers,  viz.,  the  procureur,  or  attorney- 
general  ;  the  comptroller,  or  solicitor- general ;  and  the 
greffier,  or  registrar,  who  is  also  nominated  by  the 
governor,  compose  the  court,  the  decision  of  which, 
however,  is  not  necessarily  definitive,  being  subject  to 
an  appeal  to  the  royal  court  at.  Guernsey,  and  from  that 
to  the  queen  in  council.  In  all  criminal  cases  the  court 
of  Alderney  has  only  the  power  of  receiving  evidence, 
which  is  transmitted  to  the  superior  court  of  Guernsey, 
where  judgment  is  pronounced,  and  the  sentence  of  the 
law  executed.  The  entire  jurisprudence  of  the  island  is 
similar  to  that  of  Guernsey,  as  appears  by  the  order  of 
the  royal  commissioners  sent  to  the  island  by  Queen 
Elizabeth,  in  1585.  The  judge  and  six  jurats,  together 
with  the  douzainiers,  being  twelve  men  chosen  by  the 
commonalty  for  their  representatives,  compose  the  as- 
sembly of  the  states  of  the  island,  wherein  all  ordinances 
for  its  government  are  proposed.  But  the  douzainiers 
have  only  a  deliberative  voice,  and  no  vote,  the  judge 
and  jurats  alone  deciding  upon  the  expediency  of  any 
proposed  measure.  The  governor,  or  his  lieutenant, 
must  be  present  at  each  assembly,  but  has  no  vote  in  it. 
The  public  acts  were  first  registered  at  Alderney  in 
1617,  and  the  first  contract  was  enrolled  in  the  year 
1666.  The  privileges  of  the  charter  are  inherited  by 
birth,  or  obtained  by  servitude. 

It  is  not  known  at  what  time  the  CHURCH  was  built  : 
it  is  an  ancient  edifice,  not  entitled  to  architectural 
notice;  the  tower  was  added  to  it  in  1767,  and  a  chapel 
near  it  was  erected  in  1763.  From  the  year  1591  to 
1607  Alderney  was  without  an  officiating  minister, 
during  which  period  baptisms  and  marriages  were  solem- 
nized at  Guernsey,  and  registered  in  the  parish  of  St. 
Saviour.  There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Wesleyans. 
A  school  for  boys,  and  another  for  girls,  were  founded 
by  J.  Le  Mesurier,  Esq.,  the  last  governor  ;  the  building 
was  erected  in  1790.  The  general  hospital  was  erected 
in  1789,  for  the  reception  of  patients,  and  is  supported 
by  subscription.  The  remains  of  the  ancient  nunnery 
have  been  converted  into  an  hospital,  substantially  built 
pf  sandstone,  and  surrounded  by  a  strong  wall;  and 
there  still  exists  part  of  a  castle  begun  by  the  Earl  of 
Essex,  in  the  reign  of  Queen  Elizabeth,  but  never 
29 


finished,  the  ruinous  foundations  of  which  yet  bear  that 
favourite's  name.  The  islet  of  Burhou,  lying  to  the 
westward,  is  not  inhabited,  but  is  used  by  the  governor 
as  a  rabbit-warren. 

ALDERSEY,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  CODDING- 
TON,  union  of  GREAT  BOUGHTON,  Higher  division  of 
the  hundred  of  BROXTON,  S.  division  of  the  county  of 
CHESTER,  8f  miles  (S.  E.  by  S.)  from  Chester;  contain- 
ing 138  inhabitants.  Salt-works  .were  carried  on  here 
in  the  middle  of  the  sixteenth  century  ;  and  there  is  still 
a  brine  spring  in  the  neighbourhood,  but  it  is  not 
worked,  owing  to  the  distance  from  which  coal  must  be 
brought  for  that  purpose. 

ALDERSHOTT  (Sr.  MICHAEL),  a  parish,  in  the 
hundred  of  CRONDALL,  Odiham  and  N.  divisions  of 
the  county  of  SOUTHAMPTON,  3  miles  (N.  E.  by  N.) 
from  Farnham  ;  containing  685  inhabitants.  It  is  situa- 
ted on  the  road  between  Farnham  and  Guildford,  and 
comprises  4130  acres,  of  which  731  are  arable,  550 
pasture,  130  woodland,  20  sites  and  gardens,  19  hops, 
and  2700  common.  The  Basingstoke  canal  passes  within 
a  mile  and  a  half  of  the  village.  The  living  is  a  per- 
petual curacy;  net  income,  £64;  patrons,  J.  Eggar, 
S.  Andrews,  J.  Alden,  and  W.  Tice,  Esqrs. ;  impro- 
priators,  Master  and  Brethren  of  the  Hospital  of  St. 
Cross,  Winchester.  The  church  contains  a  curious 
monument  to  the  Titchbourne  family,  whose  ancient  seat 
has  been  converted  into  a  farm-house.  A  school  in  union 
with  the  National  Society  has  been  established.  There 
are  some  remains  of  an  extensive  Roman  camp  on 
Brixbury  Hill. 

ALDERTON  (ST.  MARGARET),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  WINCHCOMB,  Upper  division  of  the  hundred  of 
TEWKESBURY,  E.  division  of  the  county  of  GLOUCES- 
TER, 4£  miles  (N.  N.  W.)  from  AVinchcomb  ;  contain- 
ing, with  the  hamlet  of  Dixton,  411  inhabitants.  It 
comprises  by  admeasurement  1750  acres  ;  the  sur- 
rounding country  is  picturesque  and  beautiful,  and 
extensive  views  are  commanded  from  the  neighbouring 
hills.  Near  Alderton  Hill  stood  the  fine  old  mansion, 
recently  taken  down,  where  one  of  the  ancestors  of  the 
family  of  Tracy  (Lord  Sudely)  was  born ;  and  at  Dixton 
is  a  large  manor-house,  where  the  Higfords,  who  have 
been  great  benefactors  to  the  parish,  resided  for  several 
centuries.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £22.  1.  10|. ;  net  income,  £337;  patron,  Rev. 
C.  Covey.  The  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent- 
charge  of  £150;  the  glebe  consists  of  about  9  acres, 
and  a  commodious  parsonage-house  has  recently  been 
built.  The  church,  which  is  an  ancient  structure,  is 
distinguished  for  the  elegance  of  its  arches.  A  school  is 
supported  by  subscription.  At  Dixton  Hill  are  the 
remains  of  a  Saxon  encampment.  Numerous  fossils  are 
found  in  the  stone  quarries  in  the  parish. 

ALDERTON  (ST.  MARGARET),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  POTTERSPURY,  hundred  of  CLELEY,  S.  division  of 
the  county  of  NORTHAMPTON,  3f  miles  (E.  S.  E.)  from 
Towcester  ;  containing  166  inhabitants.  On  the  north, 
the  parish  is  bounded  by  the  river  Tow,  and  on  the  east 
partly  by  the  road  leading  from  Northampton  to  Stony- 
Stratford.  It  consists  of  869«.  20p. ;  the  surface  is 
boldly  undulated,  and  the  village  stands  on  the  western 
declivity  of  an  eminence.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  an- 
nexed to  that  of  Grafton- Regis,  and  valued  in  the 
king's  books  at  £12. 


ALD  F 


A  L  D  I 


ALDERTON  (ST.  ANDREW);  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  WOODBRIDGE,  hundred  of  WILFORD,  E.  division  of 
SUFFOLK,  7  miles  (S.  E.  by  S.)  from  Woodbridge ;  com- 
prising 2635  acres  by  admeasurement,  and  containing 
620  inhabitants.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the 
king's  books  at  £14.  18.  4.,  and  in  the  alternate  patron- 
age of  the  lords  of  the  four  manors  in  the  parish,  of 
whom  the  Bishop  of  Norwich,  as  lord  of  Alderton  Hall, 
is  one.  The  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge 
of  £630,  and  there  are  about  22  acres  of  glebe. 

ALDERTON  (ST.  GILES),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
MALMESBURY,  and  forming  a  detached  portion  of  the 
hundred  of  CHIPPENHAM,  Malmesbury  and  Kingswood, 
and  N.  divisions  of  WILTS,  9  miles  (N!  W.  by  N.)  from 
Chippenham  ;  containing  183  inhabitants.  It  comprises 
15S4  acres,  of  which  a  considerable  portion  is  waste  land. 
Stone  is  quarried  suitable  for  building  and  the  repair  of 
roads.  The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy,  united  with  the 
rectory  of  Sherston-Parva,  to  the  vicarage  of  Sherston- 
Magna,  and  in  the  gift  of  the  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Glou- 
cester :  the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge 
of  £145,  and  the  glebe  consists  of  47  acres,  valued  at  £1 
per  acre.  The  church  is  a  very  ancient  structure. 

ALDERWASLEY,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish  of 
WIRKSWORTH,  union  of  HELPER,  hundred  of  APPLETRKE, 
S.  division  of  the  county  of  DERBY,  2^  miles  (E.  by  S.) 
from  Wirksworth  ;  containing  398  inhabitants.  There 
are  iron-works  and  furnaces  for  smelting  lead-ore  in  the 
neighbourhood.  The  chapel  belongs  to  F.  Hurst,  Esq., 
who  appoints  the  chaplain. 

ALDFIELD,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish  of  RIPON, 
Lower  division  of  "the  wapentake  of  CLARO,  W.  riding 
of  YORK,  3^  miles  (W.  by  S.)  from  Ripon ;  containing 
132  inhabitants.  This  village,  which  is  beautifully 
situated  in  the  woody  vale  near  Fountain's  Abbey,  is 
resorted  to  on  account  of  its  mineral  springs,  discovered 
about  1698,  the  sulphureous  quality  of  which  is  said  to 
be  stronger  than  that  of  the  Harrogate  water.  The  sur- 
rounding scenery  comprises  all  the  variety  and  beauty  of 
the  picturesque  spot  of  Matlock,  in  Derbyshire.  The 
living  is  a  perpetual  curacy,  in  the  patronage  of  Mrs. 
Lawrence  ;  net  income,  £72.  Rent-charges  amounting 
to  £59.  12.  have  been  awarded  as  a  commutation  for  the 
tithes,  of  which  sum  £38  are  payable  to  the  trustees  of 
Smith's  charity,  and  £21.  12.  to  the  Dean  and  Chapter 
of  Ripon.  A  school  in  connexion  with  the  National 
Society  has  been  established. 

ALDFORD  (Sr.  JOHN  THE  BAPTIST),  a  parish,  in 
the  union  of  GREAT  BOUGHTON  ;  comprising  the  town- 
ships of  Aldford  and  Churton  in  the  Higher,  and  those 
of  Buerton  and  Edgerley  in  the  Lower,  division  of  the 
hundred  of  BROXTON,  S.  division  of  the  county  of 
CHESTER  ;  and  containing  835  inhabitants,  of  whom 
488  are  in  the  township  of  Aldford,  5  miles  (S.  by  E.) 
from  Chester,  on  the  road  to  Farndon  -and  Holt.  This 
place,  which  had  formerly  a  market  and  a  fair,  derives 
its  name  from  an  ancient  ford  on  the  river  Dee,  which 
divides  it  on  the  west  from  the  county  of  Denbigh, 
North  Wales,  and  over  which  a  good  bridge  has  been 
erected.  In  the  reign  of  Henry  II.  a  castle  was  built 
commanding  the  ford,  of  which,  at  present,  only  the 
earth-works,  nearly  adjoining  the  church,  are  remaining  ; 
and  in  the  reign  of  Charles  I.  a  garrison  was  placed  here 
by  Sir  William  Brereton,  during  the  siege  of  Chester. 
The  parish  contains,  by  measurement,  2633  acres  ;  there 
30 


are  two  quarries  for  red  sandstone.  The  living  is  a 
rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £16.  17.  85. ,  and 
in  the  gift  of  the  Marquess  of  Westminster :  the  tithes 
of  the  township  of  Aldford  have  been  commuted  for  a 
rent-charge  of  £315,  and  the  glebe  comprises  21  acres, 
with  a  large  and  commodious  house.  The  church  stands 
on  the  verge  of  the  castle  moat,  and  has  been  repaired 
in  various  styles  j  in  the  churchyard  is  the  recumbent 
effigy  of  a  female,  sculptured  in  red  stone.  Schools  are 
supported ;  and  there  are  six  almshouses  for  aged 
widows,  endowed  with  £22  per  annum.  Vestiges  of  a 
Roman  road,  connecting  the  northern  and  southern 
branches  of  the  Watling-street,  are  discernible  in  the 
parish. 

ALDHAM,  a  parish,  in  the  union  of  LEXDEN  and 
WINSTREE,  Witham  division  of  the  hundred  of  LEX- 
DEN,  N.  division  of  ESSEX,  6  miles  (E.  N.  E.)  from  Great 
Coggeshall ;  containing  382  inhabitants.  This  place  is 
situated  on  the  river  Colne,  by  which  it  is  bounded  on 
the  north,  and  comprises  an  area  of  about  four  miles  in 
circumference.  Fairs  are  held  at  the  hamlet  of  Ford- 
street  on  Easter-Tuesday  and  Nov.  1st.  The  living  is  a 
rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £12 ;  net  income, 
£327;  patron,  Bishop  of  London.  The  church  is  a  rude 
edifice,  with  a  small  wooden  turret,  and  consists  of  a 
nave,  south  aisle,  and  chancel.  A  national  school  is 
supported ;  and  £22  per  annum,  bequeathed  by  an  un- 
known benefactor,  are  divided  among  16  married  per- 
sons who  have  not  received  parochial  relief  during  the 
preceding  twelve  months.  The  Rev.  Philip  Morant, 
author  of  the  History  of  Essex,  was  rector  of  the 
parish  ;  he  died  Nov.  26th,  1770,  aged  70  years,  and 
was  interred  in  the  chancel  of  the  church,  where  a 
monument  has  been  erected  to  his  memory.  The  learned 
Sir  John  Marsham,  one  of  the  six  clerks  in  chancery, 
and  author  of  several  valuable  works,  was  proprietor  of 
Bourchiers  Hall  (now  a  farm-house),  in  the  reign  of 
Charles  I.,  to  whose  fortunes  he  was  a  firm  adherent. 

ALDHAM  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  and 
hundred  of  COSFORD,  W.  division  of  SUFFOLK,  2  miles 
(N.  N.  E.)  from  Hadleigh ;  containing  293  inhabitants. 
It  comprises  1742a.  Ir.  33p.,  and  has,  for  the  most  part, 
a  hilly  surface ;  the  land  consists  of  arable,  pasture,  and 
wood,  the  last  of  which  is  tithe-free  ;  and  the  soil  is 
stiff  clay,  and  produces  good  corn.  The  living  is  a 
rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £10.  13.  4.;  net 
income,  £290  ;  patron,  Thomas  Barret  Lennard,  Esq. : 
the  glebe  consists  of  45  acres.  The  church  is  situated 
on  a  hill,  and  is  built  of  flint  and  stone,  with  a  round 
tower :  the  advowson  formerly  belonged  to  the  Earls  of 
Oxford,  whose  arms  are  carved  on  the  oak  benches 
fitted  up  in  the  church  in  1537.  Dr.  Rowland  Taylor 
suffered  martyrdom  on  the  common  of  the  parish,  in 
1555. 

ALDINGBOURNE  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  WEST  HAMPNETT,  hundred  of  Box  and  STOCK- 
BRIDGE,  rape  of  CHICHESTER,  W.  division  of  SUSSEX, 
4^  miles  (E.  by  N.)  from  Ch i Chester ;  containing,  with 
the  hamlets  of  Lydsey  and  Westergate,  772  inhabitants. 
This  was  formerly  the  residence  of  the  Bishops  of  Chi- 
chester,  whose  palace  here  was  destroyed  in  the  parlia- 
mentary war  by  Sir  William  Waller  on  his  march  to 
Arundel ;  and  a  castellated  building  near  the  palace, 
situated  on  a  mound  surrounded  with  a  moat,  was  de- 
molished at  the  same  time.  The  road  from  Chichester 


ALD  K 


ALD  W 


to  Arundel,  and  the  Portsmouth  and  Arun  canal,  both 
pass  through  the  parish.  The  living  is  a  vicarage, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £5.  10.  5.;  net  income, 
£212  5  patron  and  appropriator,  the  Dean  of  Chichester. 
The  church  is  a  cruciform  structure  in  the  Norman 
style,  with  a  square  embattled  tower  which  terminates 
the  north  transept :  the  south  transept  is  an  ancient 
chapel,  to  which  is  an  entrance  by  a  fine  Norman  door- 
way. At  Lydsey,  a  small  hamlet  in  the  parish,  was  a 
chapel  founded  prior  to  the  year  1282,  of  which  there 
are  now  no  remains.  A  national  school  is  supported. 

ALDINGHAM  (Sr.  CUTHBERT),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  ULVERSTONE,  hundred  of  LONSDALE,  north  of 
the  Sands,  N.  division  of  the  county  of  LANCASTER,  5f 
miles  (S.)  from  Ulverstone  ;  containing  907  inhabitants. 
It  is  situated  on  the  western  shore  of  Morcambe  bay, 
which  has  encroached  so  much  upon  the  lands,  that  the 
church,  said  to  have  been  formerly  in  the  centre  of  the 
parish,  is  now  within  the  reach  of  a  high  tide.  From  a 
promontory  on  the  coast,  which  was  once  surrounded 
by  a  moat,  and  is  supposed  to  have  been  an  exploratory 
station  during  the  incursions  of  the  Picts  and  Scots, 
there  is  an  extensive  prospect  over  the  counties  of  West- 
morland and  York.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in 
the  king's  books  at  £39.  19-  2.,  and  in  the  patronage  of 
the  Crown  ;  net  income,  £1093. 

ALDINGTON  (ST.  MARTIN),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  EAST  ASHFORD,  partly  in  the  libei'ty  of  ROMNEY- 
MARSH,  but  chiefly  in  the  franchise  and  barony  of 
BIRCHOLT,  lathe  of  SHEPWAY,  E.  division  of  KENT,  5£ 
miles  (W.  by  N.)  from  Hythe  ;  containing  733  inhabit- 
ants. It  is  crossed  by  the  South-Eastern  railway.  The 
living  is  a  rectory,  with  the  chapel  of  Smeeth  annexed, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £38.  6.  8. ;  net  income, 
£1014;  patron,  Archbishop  of  Canterbury.  The  church 
displays  the  early  English  style  in  its  general  structure  ; 
the  tower  presents  a  specimen  of  very  good  masonry. 
A  school  for  boys  is  supported  by  subscription.  Eras- 
mus, the  celebrated  divine,  was  rector  of  the  parish. 

ALDINGTON,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  BADSEY, 
union  of  EVESHAM,  Upper  division  of  the  hundred  of 
BLACKENHURST,  Pershore  and  E.  divisions  of  the  county 
of  WORCESTER,  2  miles  (E.)  from  Evesham  ;  comprising 
628  acres,  and  containing  102  inhabitants.  On  the 
west  it  is  bounded  by  the  Avon  and  on  the  north  by  a 
stream  which  falls  into  that  river.  The  soil  is  of  the 
most  fertile  quality. 

ALDRIDGE  (.ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
WALSALL,  S.  division  of  the  hundred  of  OFFLOW  and 
of  the  county  of  STAFFORD,  3  miles  (E.  N.  E.)  from 
Walsall ;  containing,  with  the  chapelry  of  Great  Barr, 
2094  inhabitants,  of  whom  1007  are  in  the  township  of 
Aldridge.  The  neighbourhood  affords  a  kind  of  clay, 
well  adapted  for  the  manufacture  of  the  finest  sort  of 
pottery  and  tiles,  which  are  made  in  great  quantities. 
An  extensive  distillery  is  also  carried  on  ;  and  the  trade 
of  the  district  is  greatly  facilitated  by  the  Wyrley  and 
Essington  Extension  canal,  which  passes  within  a  quar- 
ter of  a  mile  of  the  village.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  with 
the  perpetual  curacy  of  Great  Barr  annexed,  valued  in 
the  king's  books  at  £8.  1.3.;  net  income,  £905  ;  pa- 
tron, Sir  E.  D.  Scott,  Bart.  The  glebe  comprises  30 
acres.  The  Wesleyans  have  a  place  of  worship ;  and 
there  are  two  free  schools  ;  one  with  an  endowment  of 
about  £110  per  annum,  founded  in  1718,  by  the  Rev. 
31 


John  Jordan,  and  the  other  endowed  with  £12  per  an- 
num. The  remains  of  a  Roman  encampment  are  visible 
in  the  parish. 

ALDRINGHAM  (ST.  ANDREW),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  and  hundred  of  BLYTHING,  E.  division  of  SUF- 
FOLK, 2^  miles  (N.  by  W.)  from  Aldborough  ;  contain- 
ing, with  the  hamlet  of  Thorpe,  401  inhabitants.  The 
parish  derives  its  name  from  the  river  Aide,  (by  some 
improperly  called  the  Hundred  brook,)  which  separates 
it  from  Aldborough  :  it  comprises  860  acres.  A  market 
was  formerly  held,  which  has  fallen  into  disuse :  there 
is  a  small  fair  on  St.  Andrew's  day,  called  Cold  Fair. 
The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy ;  net  income,  £59  : 
patron  and  impropriator.  Lord  Huntingfield,  whose 
tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £205. 
There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Particular  Baptists. 

ALDRINGTON,  EAST,  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
STEYNING,  hundred  of  FISHERGATE,  rape  of  LEWES,  E. 
division  of  SUSSEX,  3  miles  (W.  by  N.)  from  Brighton  ; 
containing  about  650  acres.  This  place  is  by  Carnden, 
Stillingfleet,  and  others,  identified  with  the  Portus  Adriani 
of  the  Romans ;  and  urns,  skeletons,  pottery,  and  other 
relics  of  Roman  antiquity  have  been  frequently  disco- 
vered in  this  and  the  adjoining  parishes,  which  appear 
to  have  been  the  first  points  of  attack  when  the  Saxons 
began  to  infest  the  coasts.  It  is  bounded  on  the  south 
by  the  English  Channel,  which  has  made  such  encroach- 
ments on  the  land  as  to  have  completely  destroyed  the 
village,  and  the  parish  is  now  without  any  population, 
except  one  individual  returned  in  the  last  census.  The 
road  and  railway  from  Brighton  to  Shoreham  both  pass 
through  it.  The  living  is  a  discharged  rectory,  valued 
in  the  king's  books  at  £?.  10.  2£.  ;  net  income,  £294  ; 
patrons,  the  Masters  and  Fellows  of  Magdalene  College, 
Cambridge.  The  church  is  in  ruins. 

ALDSTONE.— See  ALSTON. 

ALDSWORTH  (ST.  PETER),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  NORTHLEACH,  hundred  of  BRIGHTWELL'S  BARROW, 
E.  division  of  the  county  of  GLOUCESTER,  3^  miles  (S. 
E.)  from  Northleach  ;  containing  365  inhabitants.  The 
living  is  a  perpetual  curacy,  annexed  to  the  vicarage  of 
Turkdean;  net  income,  £66.  The  tithes  were  com- 
muted for  land  and  an  annual  money  payment,  by  an 
inclosure  act,  in  1793.  The  peculiar  of  Aldsworth  is  re- 
gularly inhibited  during  the  bishop's  visitation,  although 
his  right  has  been  and  still  continues  to  be  resisted  by 
the  patron  and  ordinary  of  the  peculiar,  notwithstanding 
an  award  of  the  Dean  of  Arches,  in  1741,  in  the  bishop's 
favour. 

ALDSWORTH,  a  tything,  in  the  parish  and  union 
of  WEST*  BOURNE,  hundred  of  WEST  BOURNE  and  SIN- 
GLETON, rape  of  CHICHESTER,  W.  Division  of  SUSSEX  ; 
containing  118  inhabitants. 

ALDWARK,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  ALNE, 
union  of  EASINGWOULD,  wapentake  of  BULMER,  N. 
riding  of  YORK,  6±  miles  (E.  S.  E.)  from  Boroughbridge  ; 
containing  224  inhabitants.  This  place  comprises  about 
2220  acres,  and  was  anciently  a  possession  of  a  branch 
of  the  Fitzwilliam  family :  the  village  is  seated  in  the 
vale  of  the  Ouse,  and  nearly  a  mile  to  the  south  is  Ald- 
wark  bridge,  a  substantial  wooden  structure,  which 
crosses  the  river  and  its  banks  by  twenty-seven  arches 
and  culverts.  The  vicarial  tithes  have  been  commuted 
for  a  rent- charge  of  £75,  and  the  impropriate  tithes 
for  £3.  11. 


A  LD  W 


A  LFO 


ALDWARK,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  ECCLES- 
FIELD,  union  of  WORTLEY,  N.  division  of  the  wapen- 
take  of  STRAFFORTH  and  TICKHILL,  W.  riding  of 
YORK,  2^  miles  (N.  E.)  from  Rotherham.  Aldwark,  or 
"  the  old  work,"  the  seat  of  the  Clarelles,  Fitzwilliams, 
and  Foljambes,  lies  remote  from  the  rest  of  the  parish, 
and  has  consequently  never  been  considered  a  part  of 
Hallamshire  :  its  long  line  of  resident  proprietors  pre- 
sents a  fine  subject  for  the  genealogist  and  antiquary. 
About  eleven  years  since  the  extensive  corn  and  oil 
mills  on  the  opposite  side  of  the  river  Don,  were  burnt 
down. 

ALDWARK,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  BRAD- 
BORNE,  union  of  BAKEWELL,  hundred  of  WIRKSWORTH, 
S.  division  of  the  county  of  DERBY,  5f  miles  (N.  W.  by 
W.)  from  Wirksworth  ;  containing  82  inhabitants. 

ALDWICK,  a  tything,  in  the  parish  of  PAGHAM, 
union  of  WEST  HAMPNETT,  hundred  of  ALDWICK,  rape 
of  CHICHESTER,  W.  division  of  SUSSEX  ;  containing  203 
inhabitants. 

ALDWINKLE  (ALL  SAINTS},  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  THRAPSTON,  hundred  of  HXJXLOE,  N.  division  of  the 
county  of  NORTHAMPTON,  4  miles  (N.)  from  Thrapston  ; 
containing  272  inhabitants.  It  is  situated  on  the  navi- 
gable river  Nene,  and  contains  about  1000  acres.  The 
living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£12,  4.  2.  5  net  income,  £311  ;  patron,  Rev.  R.  Ro- 
berts, D.D.  The  tithes  were  commuted  for  land  and 
a  money- payment,  by  an  inclosure  act,  in  1792  ;  the 
gleoe  comprises  205  acres.  The  church  is  remarkable 
for  its  beautiful  tower  :  it  has  some  windows  in  the  de- 
corated English  style,  and  a  small  ornamented  chapel 
adjoining  the  southern  side  of  the  chancel.  A  school, 
with  a  small  endowment,  is  further  supported  by  sub- 
scription ;  and  the  sum  of  £30  per  annum,  the  rental 
of  a  plantation  of  twelve  acres,  is  divided  between  the 
poor  of  the  two  parishes  of  Aldwinkle,  All  Saints,  and 
St.  Peter.  There  is  a  chalybeate  spring.  The  poet 
Dryden  was  born  in  the  parsonage-house,  in  1631. 

ALDWINKLE  (Sr.  PETER),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  THRAPSTON,  hundred  of  HUXLOE,  N.  division  of  the 
county  of  NORTHAMPTON,  3|-  miles  (N.  by  E.)  from 
Thrapston  ;  containing  183  inhabitants.  The  river 
Nene,  which  is  navigable  to  the  North  Sea,  and  com- 
municates with  the  Northampton  canal,  flows  through 
the  parish.  Here  are  the  remains  of  a  singular  cruci- 
form building,  called  Liveden,  erected  by  the  Tresham 
family,  and  richly  decorated  with  sculpture,  especially 
round  the  cornice,  which  exhibits  a  Roman  Catholic 
legend  and  a  variety  of  religious  symbols.  The  living 
is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £11.  6.  3.; 
net  income,  £230 ;  patron,  Lord  Lilford :  the  glebe 
consists  of  183  acres.  There  is  a  place  of  worship  for 
Particular  Baptists.  Dr.  Thomas  Fuller,  author  of 
"  The  History  of  the  Worthies  of  England,"  and  other 
learned  works,  was  born  in  the  parish. 

ALD WORTH  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
WANTAGE,  hundred  of  COMPTON,  county  of  BERKS,  4± 
miles  (E.  by  S.)  from  East  Ilsleyj  containing  314  in- 
habitants. This  place,  supposed  by  Hearne  to  have 
been  a  Roman  station,  comprises  1785a.  3r.  32p.,  of 
which  nearly  the  whole  is  cultivated  land  ;  the  village 
is  situated  on  an  eminence  commanding  extensive  and 
interesting  views.  The  living  is  a  vicarage,  valued  in 
the  king's  books  at  £8.  16.  0^. ;  patrons  and  appro- 
32 


priators,  Master  and  Fellows  of  St.  John's  College, 
Cambridge.  The  great  tithes  have  been  commuted  for 
a  rent-charge  of  £400,  and  the  vicarial  for  £100  5  the 
appropriate  glebe  consists  of  27,  and  the  vicarial  of  16, 
acres.  The  church  is  an  ancient  structure  of  simple 
character,  containing  eight  altar-tombs,  on  which  are 
nine  recumbent  figures,  under  highly  enriched  arches, 
elegantly  sculptured,  supposed  to  represent  different 
members  of  the  De  la  Beche  family,  and  to  have  been 
executed  in  the  fourteenth  century.  A  school  is  sup- 
ported by  subscription. 

ALEMOUTH.— See  ALNMOUTH. 

ALETHORPE,  an  extra-parochial  liberty,  locally 
in  the  parish  of  FAKENHAM,  union  of  WALSINGHAM, 
hundred  of  GALLOW,  W.  division  of  NORFOLK,  2  miles 
(N.  E.  by  E.)  from  Fakenham ;  containing  8  inhabit- 
ants. 

ALEXTON  (ST.  PETER),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
BILLESDON,  hundred  of  EAST  GOSCOTE,  N.  division  of 
the  county  of  LEICESTER,  3|  miles  (W.  by  N.)  from 
Uppingham  ;  containing  81  inhabitants.  This  parish, 
which  is  separated  from  Rutland  by  the  river  Eye,  and 
is  situated  near  the  road  from  Leicester  to  Cambridge, 
comprises  997 a.  28/>.,  nearly  the  whole  good  grazing 
land  ;  and  all,  with  the  exception  of  200  acres,  tithe-free  : 
the  soil  is  a  stiff  clay,  and  the  surface  is  undulated  and 
pleasingly  wooded.  The  ancient  hall,  built  in  the  reign  of 
Elizabeth,  is  adorned  with  avenues  of  Scotch  and  Balm 
of  Gilead  firs,  which  are  considered  the  finest  in  the 
country.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £6.  18.  4.;  net  income,  £140;  patron,  Lord 
Berners.  Attached  are  24  acres  of  glebe  within  the 
parish,  and  two  in  Belton  Field.  The  church  was  built 
in  15Q4,  by  Edward  Andrewes,  Esq. 

ALFOLD  (ST.  NICHOLAS),  &  parish,  in  the  union  of 
HAMBLEDON,  First  division  of  the  hundred  of  BLACK- 
HEATH,  W.  division  of  SURREY,  8|  miles  (S.  E.  by  S.) 
from  Godalming ;  containing  519  inhabitants.  The 
parish  comprises  2726et.  Ir.  33p.,  and  abounds  with 
oak,  ash,  and  elm  :  in  parts  there  is  a  bed  of  stone, 
which  is  used  for  repairing  the  roads,  but  is  not  hard 
enough  for  building.  The  Arun  and  Wey  Junction  canal 
passes  through  it.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in 
the  king's  books  at  £6.  11.  2.,  and  in  the  gift  of  the 
Rev.  L.  W.  Eliot :  the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a 
rent- charge  of  £355,  and  the  glebe  comprises  14  acres. 
The  church  consists  of  a  nave,  chancel,  and  south  aisle, 
with  a  tower  surmounted  by  a  small  spire  :  the  parson- 
age-house is  situated  on  the  south  side  of  the  church- 
yard. Schools  are  supported  by  subscription. 

ALFORD  (ST.  WILFRED),  a  market-town  and 
parish,  in  the  union  of  SPILSBY,  Wold  division  of  the 
hundred  of  CALCEWORTH,  parts  of  LINDSEY,  county  of 
LINCOLN,  34  miles  (E.)  from  Lincoln,  and  137  (N.  by 
E.)  from  London;  containing  1945  inhabitants.  This 
place,  which  derives  its  name  from  an  old  ford 
over  a  stream  that  twice  runs  through  it,  is  a  small, 
though  ancient,  town,  and  is  described  by  Leland 
as  consisting  of  one  street  of  mean  buildings,  cover- 
ed with  thatch.  Since  that  writer's  time,  however, 
it  has  been  considerably  improved,  particularly  during 
the  last  20  years  :  it  is  pleasantly  situated,  and  is  one 
of  the  polling-stations  for  the  parts  of  Lindsey.  The 
market  is  held  on  Tuesday,  and  fairs'  occur  on  Whit- 
Tuesday  and  the  8th  of  November  :  a  court  leet  takes 


A  LF  II 


A  L  F  R 


place  annually,  and  petty-sessions  once  in  every  three 
weeks  ;  and  under  an  act  passed  in  the  47th  of  George 
III.,  a  court  of  requests,  for  sums  not  exceeding  £5,  is 
held  monthly,  the  jurisdiction  of  which  also  extends 
over  several  other  towns  in  the  county.  The  parish 
comprises  about  1000  acres  of  land.  The  living  is  a 
discharged  vicarage,  with  Rigsby  annexed,  valued  in 
the  king's  books  at  £10,  and  in  the  patronage  of  the 
Bishop  of  Lincoln,  the  appropriator,  with  a  net  income 
of  £122  :  the  church  is  a  large  structure  of  stone,  re- 
paired with  brick,  embellished  by  a  tower  commanding 
very  extensive  views  of  the  adjacent  districts,  and  con- 
taining many  ancient  monuments.  There  are  places  of 
worship  for  Primitive  Methodists,  Baptists,  Indepen- 
dents, and  Wesleyans. 

The  free  grammar  school  was  founded  and  endowed 
by  Mr.  Francis  Spanning,  in  1565  ;  and  its  revenue 
has  been  considerably  augmented  by  subsequent  bene-  , 
factions  of  lands  at  Farlesthorpe,  Thoresthorpe,  Wood- 
thorpe,  Strubby,  and  Cumberworth,  containing  in  the 
whole  260  acres,  and  yielding  an  annual  rent  of 
£268.  18.,  together  with  the  living  of  Saleby,  the  pa- 
tronage being  vested  in  the  governors.  By  a  charter 
obtained  in  15J6,  it  was  made  a  royal  foundation,  to  be 
called  "  The  Free  Grammar  School  of  Queen  Elizabeth," 
and  the  management  vested  in  eleven  governors,  who 
are  a  body  corporate,  and  have  a  common  seal.  It  has 
two  quinquennial  fellowships  at  Magdalene  College, 
Cambridge  ;  and  there  is  a  scholarship  of  £6.  8.  6.  per 
annum  at  Jesus'  College,  Cambridge,  for  students  from 
Alford,  Caistor,  or  Louth  schools  ;  and  children  of 
parents  residing  in  the  parishes  of  Thoresthorpe,  Well 
with  Mawthorpe,  Ailby,  Rigsby,  Bilsby,  and  also  Farles- 
thorpe, and  Saleby,  are  eligible  for  admission  to  the 
school.  The  premises  consist  of  a  substantial  brick 
house  for  the  master,  with  two  commodious  rooms 
adjoining,  and  a  large  garden  in  the  town.  A  national 
school,  in  which  130  children  of  both  sexes  are  in- 
structed, was  founded  by  Mr.  John  Spendluffe,  who 
endowed  it  with  an  estate  now  producing  £70  per 
annum.  Almshouses  for  six  poor  people  were  erected 
and  endowed  by  Sir  Robert  Christopher,  Knt.,  in  1668; 
the  endowment  was  subsequently  augmented  by  Lord 
Harborough,  in  1716.  Richard  Towthby  gave  some 
land,  now  yielding  £12  per  annum,  for  a  school,  or  to 
the  poor  :  and  there  are  several  other  bequests  for  dis- 
tribution among  the  necessitous.  In  the  vieinity  are 
the  ruins  of  Hornby  or  Hagnaby  abbey,  which  appears 
to  have  occupied  a  site  of  eight  or  nine  acres.  A  salt 
spring,  efficacious  in  scurvy,  jaundice,  &c.,  was  dis- 
covered here  in  1670.  Alford  confers  the  title  of  Vis- 
count on  the  family  of  Brownlow. 

ALFORD  (ALL  SAINTS),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
WINCANTON,  hundred  of  CATSASH,  E.  division  of  SO- 
MERSET, if  mile  (W.  by  N.)  from  Castle-Cary;  con- 
taining 90  inhabitants.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  consoli- 
dated with  that  of  Hornblotton  by  act  of  parliament  in 
1836,  and  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £Q.  9.  9.  ; 
patron  and  incumbent,  Rev.  J.  G.  D.  Thring.  The  tithes 
have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £140,  and 
there  are  40  acres  of  glebe.  At  a  farm-house,  called 
Alford  Well,  about  three-quarters  of  a  mile  from  the 
church,  is  a  saline  chalybeate  spring,  now  disused. 

ALFRETON     (ST.    MARY),    a    market-town    and 
parish,  in  the  union  of  BELPER,  hundred  of  SCARSDAL.E, 
VOL.  L— 33 


N.  division  of  the  county  of  DERBY,  14  miles  (N.  N.  E.) 
from  Derby,  and  140  (N.  N.  W.)  from  London  ;  com- 
prising the  township  of  Alfreton,  the  ville  of  Greenhill- 
Lane,  the  manor  of  Riddings  with  Nonville,  and  the 
hamlets  of  Summercotes  and  Swanwick ;  and  con- 
taining 7577  inhabitants,  of  whom  1774  are  in  Alfreton 
township.  This  place,  called  in  King  Ethelred's  char- 
ter to  Burton  abbey,  "  Alfredingtune,"  is  supposed  to 
have  derived  its  name  from  Alfred  the  Great,  who  is 
thought  to  have  been  its  founder.  The  town  is  situated 
on  the  brow  of  a  hill,  and  consists  of  three  or  four 
streets,  with  a  market-place  in  the  centre;  the  houses 
are  irregularly  built,  and  some  of  them  are  fine  speci- 
mens of  the  ancient  style  of  architecture.  The  manu- 
facture of  stockings  is  carried  on  to  a  considerable 
extent;  and  there  are  large  coal  and  iron  works  at 
Alfreton  Riddings,  Butterley,  and  Codnor  Park,  the 
produce  of  which  is  conveyed  by  the  Erewash  canal, 
which  passes  about  six  miles  off.  The  market  is  on 
Friday  ;  and  fairs  are  held  on  Jan.  26th,  Easter- Mon- 
day, Whit-Tuesday,  July  31st,  Oct.  7th,  and  Nov.  24th. 
The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £7.  18.  9.;  net  income,  £150;  patron  and 
impropriator,  W.  Palmer  Morewood,  Esq.  The  church 
is  an  ancient  structure,  in  the  early  and  later  English 
styles,  with  an  embattled  tower  crowned  by  pinnacles. 
A  district  church  has  been  built  at  Riddings,  in  the 
parish,  by  subscription,  aided  by  a  grant  from  the  Par- 
liamentary Commissioners  ;  there  is  a  place  of  worship 
for  Wesleyans.  A  free  school  was  founded  in  1740,  by 
Mrs.  Elizabeth  Turner,  who  endowed  it  with  48^  acres 
of  land  at  Swanwick,  in  the  parish,  for  the  instruction  of 
twelve  boys  and  eight  girls,  of  Swanwick  and  Greenhill- 
Lane. 

ALFRICK,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish  of  SUCKLEY, 
union  of  MARTLEY,  Upper  division  of  the  hundred  of 
DODDINGTREE,  Worcester  and  W.  divisions  of  the 
county  of  WORCESTER,  7  miles  (W.  by  S.)  from  Worces- 
ter ;  containing  434  inhabitants.  It  is  bounded  on  the 
north  by  the  river  Teme,  and  consists  of  1645  acres  ; 
the  surface  is  undulated,  and  very  well  wooded  and 
watered.  The  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent- 
charge  of  £240  ;  and  there  is  a  glebe  of  2^  acres,  with 
a  property  in  the  chapel  yard.  The  chapel  is  dedicated 
to  St.  Mary.  There  is  a  free  school  with  an  endow- 
ment of  £10  per  annum. 

ALFRISTON  (ST.  ANDREW),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  EASTBOURNE,  hundred  of  ALCESTON,  rape  of  PE- 
VENSEY,  E.  division  of  SUSSEX,  9  miles  (S.  E.)  from 
Lewes  ;  containing  668  inhabitants.  It  is  bounded  on 
the  east  by  the  Cuchmere  river ;  the  soil  is  rich  and 
fertile,  and  the  produce  of  the  orchards  and  gardens  is 
remarkable  for  quality  and  exuberance.  The  village, 
beautifully  situated  in  a  valley  near  the  river,  was  for- 
merly of  much  greater  extent  than  at  present,  and  in 
the  centre  is  an  ancient  cross,  where  probably  a  market 
was  held.  The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  valued 
in  the  king's  books  at  £11.  16.  0^.,  and  in  the  patron- 
age of  the  Crown  ;  net  income,  £135  ;  impropriators, 
the  Trustees  of  "  Smith's  Charity."  The  church  is  an 
ancient  cruciform  structure,  in  the  decorated  and  later 
English  styles,  with  a  central  tower  surmounted  by  a 
spire.  There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Independents ; 
and  a  national  school  is  supported  by  subscription.  On 
the  neighbouring  downs  are  several  barrows,  in  some  of 

F 


A  L  K  H 


A  L  LE 


which  urns,  spear-heads,  and  other  relics  of  antiquity 
have  been  found. 

ALGARKIRK  (ST.  PETER  AND  ST.  PAUL),  a  parish, 
in  the  union  of  BOSTON,  wapentake  of  KIRTON,  parts  of 
HOLLAND,  county  of  LINCOLN,  6  miles  (S.)  from  Boston  ; 
containing  754  inhabitants.  This  place  derives  its 
name  from  the  Saxon  Earl  Algar,  who,  in  870,  aided  by 
his  seneschals  Wibert  and  Leofric,  obtained  a  victory 
over  the  Danes  in  this  neighbourhood,  but  was  defeated 
and  slain  on  the  day  following  :  a  statue  of  stone  in 
the  churchyard  is  said  to  have  been  erected  to  his 
memory.  The  parish  comprises  by  admeasurement 
5041  acres.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  with  Fosdyke  an- 
nexed, valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £50.  18.  l£.  ;  pa- 
tron and  incumbent,  Rev.  Basil  Beridge.  The  tithes 
have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £990,  and  the 
glebe,  including  that  of  Fosdyke,  comprises  500  acres. 
The  church,  which  is  partly  in  the  Norman  and  partly 
in  the  early  English  style,  is  rich  in  its  details,  and 
contains  monuments  to  the  Beridge  family  since  the 
time  of  James  I.  The  parsonage-house  has  a  very 
picturesque  appearance.  About  £38  per  annum,  the 
amount  of  various  bequests,  is  distributed  among  the 
poor,  who  are  also  eligible  to  the  benefit  of  Sir  Thomas 
Middlecott's  Hospital  at  Fosdyke. 

ALHAMPTON,  a  tything,  in  the  parish  of  DITCH  EAT, 
hundred  of  WHITSTONE,  E.  division  of  SOMERSET,  2f 
miles  (N.  W.  by  N.)  from  Castle-Cary ;  containing  386 
inhabitants.  There  was  formerly  a  chapel  at  this  place. 

ALKERTON,  a  tything,  in  the  parish  of  EASTING- 
TON,  union  of  WHEATENHURST,  Lower  division  of  the 
hundred  of  WHITSTONE,  E.  division  of  the  county  of 
GLOUCESTER,  3  miles  (W.)  from  Stroud;  containing 
1108  inhabitants. 

ALKERTON  (ST.  MICHAEL),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  BANBURY,  hundred  of  BLOXHAM,  county  of  OXFORD, 
6  miles  (W.  N.  W.)  from  Banbury ;  comprising  691«. 
24/>.,  and  containing  190  inhabitants.  The  living  is  a 
rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £6.  3.  9.  ;  net  in- 
come, £153  ;  patron,  J.  Dent,  Esq.  The  tithes  were 
commuted  for  land  and  a  money  payment,  by  an  inclo- 
sure  act,  in  1776.  The  church  has  some  sculpture  in 
the  mouldings  of  the  outer  walls,  representing  angels 
scattering  incense.  Thomas  Lydiat,  the  learned  mathe- 
matician and  chronologer,  was  born  at  Alkerton  in  the 
year  1572. 

ALKHAM  (ST.  ANTHONY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
DOVOR,  hundred  of  FOLKESTONE,  lathe  of  SHEPWAY, 
E.  division  of  KKNT,  5  miles  (W.  by  N.)  from  Dovor  j 
containing  595  inhabitants.  It  comprises  3145a.  2r. 
28p.,  including  300  acres  of  woodland,  and  100  of  com- 
mon ;  the  surface  is  hilly,  and  the  soil  chalky,  except 
at  the  tops  of  the  hills,  where  it  is  a  stiff  clay.  The 
living  is  a  vicarage,  with  Capel-le-Ferne  annexed,  valued 
in  the  king's  bt>oks  at  £11  ;  net  income,  £152  ;  patron 
and  appropriator,  Archbishop  of  Canterbury,  whose 
tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £500, 
and  the  vicarial  tithes  for  £213.  10. :  there  are  9^  acres 
of  appropriate  glebe,  and  about  3  of  vicarial.  The 
church  is  partly  Norman,  and  partly  early  English  : 
the  interior,  which  has  been  much  improved  of  late 
years,  has  a  venerable  and  interesting  aspect,  and  there 
are  some  ancient  monumental  stones.  According  to 
Domesday  book,  a  church  existed  here  in  the  time  of 
Edward  the  Confessor. 
34 


ALKINGTON,  a  tything,  in  the  parish,  and  Upper 
division  of  the  hundred  of  BERKELEY,  union  of  THORN- 
BURY,  W.  division  of  the  county  of  GLOUCESTER,  1^ 
mile  (S.  E.)  from  Berkeley  ;  containing  1 175  inhabit- 
ants. The  village  of  Newport,  on  the  great  road  from 
Gloucester  to  Bristol,  is  situated  in  this  tything,  and  is 
the  central  posting- place  between  those  cities ;  it  con- 
tains two  good  hotels  and  several  smaller  inns.  There  is 
a  place  of  worship  for  Independents. 

ALKINGTON,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  WHIT- 
CHURCH,  Whitchurch  division  of  the  hundred  of  NORTH 
BRADFORD,  N.  division  of  SALOP,  2  miles  (S.  by  W.) 
from  Whitchurch. 

ALKMONTON,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  LONG- 
FORD, hundred  of  APPLETREE,  S.  division  of  the  county 
of  DERBY,  5f  miles  (S.  by  E.)  from  Ashbourn  ;  con- 
taining 102  inhabitants.  There  was  anciently  an 
hospital  dedicated  to  St.  Leonard,  between  this  place 
and  Hungry-Bentley,  in  the  same  parish,  to  which 
Walter  Blount,  Lord  Mountjoy,  was  a  benefactor,  in 
1474.  The  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  rent-charges 
amounting  to  £54.  15.,  of  which  £28.  15.  are  payable 
to  the  rector,  and  £26  to  the  vicar,  of  Longford. 

ALKRINGTON,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  OLD- 
HAM-CUM-PRESTWICH,  union  of  OLDHAM,  hundred  of 
SALFORD,  S.  division  of  the  county  of  LANCASTER,  4£ 
miles  (N.  N.  E.)  from  Manchester ;  containing  338  in- 
habitants. The  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent- 
charge  of  £40. 

ALLCANNINGS  (.Sr.  ANNE},  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  DEVIZES,  hundred  of  SWANBOROUGH,  Devizes  and  N. 
divisions  of  WILTS,  5f  miles  (E.)  from  Devizes  j  com- 
prising the  chapelry  of  Etchilhampton  and  the  ty things 
of  Allington  and  Fullaway,  and  containing  851  inhabit- 
ants. On  the  downs  is  St.  Anne's  hill,  on  which  a 
large  fair  for  sheep  and  horses  is  held  on  the  6th  of 
August.  The  Kennet  and  Avon  canal  affords  facility 
for  the  conveyance  of  goods.  The  living  is  a  rectory, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £31.  16.  10^.,  and  in  the 
gift  of  Lord  Ashburton  :  the  tithes,  including  those  of 
Etchilhampton,  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of 
£1204.  5.,  and  the  glebe  comprises  36  acres.  The 
church  is  an  ancient  structure  in  the  Norman  style. 
There  is  a  chapel  of  ease  at  Etchilhampton  ;  and  a 
national  school  is  supported  by  subscription.  Miss 
Anne  Lavington,  in  1828,  bequeathed  £500,  the  interest 
to  be  distributed  among  the  poor  at  Christmas. 

ALLEN,  ST.  (Sx.  ALLEYN),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  TRURO,  W.  division  of  the  hundred  of  POWDER  and 
of  CORNWALL,  4  miles  (N.  by  W.)  from  Truro ;  contain- 
ing 652  inhabitants.  The  living  is  a  vicarage,  valued 
in  the  king's  books  at  £8.  13.  4.;  patron,  Bishop  of 
Exeter :  impropriator,  Earl  of  Falmouth.  The  great 
tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £265, 
and  the  vicarial  for  £147  5  and  there  are  95  acres  of 
glebe.  The  parish  contains  a  Danish  encampment. 

ALLENDALE,  a  market-town  and  parish,  in  the 
union  of  HEXHAM,  S.  division  of  TINDALE  ward  and  of 
NORTHUMBERLAND,  7  niiles  (S.)  from  Haydon  Bridge, 
9f  miles  (S.  W.  by  W.)  from  Hexham,  and  286  (N.  N.  W.) 
from  London  ;  comprising  the  grieveships  of  Allendale 
town,  Broadside,  Catton,  High  and  Low  Forest,  Keenly, 
Park,  and  West  Allen  High  and  Low  ;  and  containing 
5729  inhabitants.  The  town,  which  includes  1217  per- 
sons, is  irregularly  built  on  an  acclivity  gradually  rising 


A  L  LE 


A  LLE 


from  the  eastern  bank  of  the  river  Allen,  over  which  a 
bridge  was  erected  in  1825.  The  market  is  on  Friday ; 
the  fairs  are  held  on  the  Friday  before  the  llth  of  May, 
the  22nd  of  August,  and  the  first  Friday  after  the  fes- 
tival of  St.  Luke,  for  horses,  cattle,  and  sheep  ;  and  a 
cattle  show,  which  has  been  established  within  the  last 
few  years,  is  annually  held.  In  the  market-place  are 
the  ruins  of  a  cross.  This  very  extensive  parish  derives 
its  name  from  the  river  Allen,  a  small  but  rapid  stream 
which  rises  in  the  hamlet  of  Allenheads,  in  East  Allen, 
and  Coalcleugh,  in  West  Allen,  and  falls  into  the  river 
Tyne  about  three  miles  to  the  west  of  Haydon  Bridge, 
where  is  a  station  of  the  Newcastle  and  Carlisle  railway. 
The  inhabitants  are  chiefly  employed  in  the  lead-mines, 
which  are  on  a  large  scale,  producing  upwards  of  3500 
tons  of  lead  annually  ;  there  are  several  works  for  grind- 
ing and  washing  the  ore,  and  two  extensive  smelting- 
houses,  one  having  an  horizontal  chimney  2^  miles  long, 
with  a  terminus  upwards  of  780  feet  above  the  ground 
floor  of  the  mill,  and  the  other  a  chimney  1^  mile  in 
length,  and  700  feet  above  the  ground  floor ;  in  one  of 
these  smelting-houses  twenty-one  tons  pass  through  the 
furnace  weekly,  from  which  a  considerable  quantity  of 
silver  is  separated.  Limestone  is  extensively  quarried, 
and  there  are  also  numerous  quarries  of  stone  of  good 
quality  for  building. 

The  LIVING  is  a  perpetual  curacy  ;  net  income,  £130; 
patron, T.  W.Beaumont,  Esq.;  impropriators,  T.W.Beau- 
mont, Esq.,  and  others.  The  church  is  of  stone,  rebuilt 
in  1807-  Within  the  parish  also  are  four  chapels,  in 
the  gift  of  the  incumbent  of  Allendale,  viz.  St.  Peter's, 
rebuilt  in  1825,  a  perpetual  curacy,  of  which  the  net  in- 
come is  £74  ;  the  chapel  at  Nine-Banks,  partially  rebuilt 
about  1816,  a  perpetual  curacy,  with  an  income  of  £124  ; 
the  chapel  at  the  Carr  Shield,  or  West  Allen  High 
chapel,  built  in  1822,  also  a  perpetual  curacy,  of  which 
the  income  is  £109  ;  and  that  of  Allenheads,  described 
under  its  proper  head.  There  are  places  of  worship  for 
the  Society  of  Friends  and  Wesleyans.  A  free  school 
for  the  children  of  parishioners  is  endowed  with  two 
tenements,  bequeathed  by  William  Hutchinsou  in  1692, 
producing  a  rental  of  £24  ;  and  with  other  premises  and 
thirty-two  acres  of  land,  in  Broadside,  purchased  with  a 
legacy  of  Christopher  Wilkinson  in  1700,  and  yielding 
£38  per  annum.  There  are  also  various  other  schools, 
connected  with  the  different  places  of  worship  in  the 
parish  ;  and  the  curates  of  WTest  Allen  High  and  Allen- 
heads  chapels  are  obliged  to  teach  the  miners'  children 
for  Is.  6d.  per  quarter  each,  in  consideration  of  certain 
annual  payments  of  5s.  from  each  miner  of  one  descrip- 
tion, and  2s.  6rf.  from  those  of  another,  which  they  re- 
ceive as  ministers  of  the  respective  chapels.  Various 
small  sums,  the  principal  of  which  is  an  annuity  of  £10 
from  Shield's  charity,  are  distributed  annually  among 
the  poor.  There  are  several  chalybeate  springs  in  the 
parish,  and  at  a  place  called  Old  Town,  about  three 
miles  to  the  north-west,  are  vestiges  of  an  ancient 
intrench ment,  of  a  square  form,  supposed  to  be  Ro- 
man. 

ALLENHEADS,  a  hamlet  (formerly  a  distinct  pa- 
rish), in  the  parish  of  ALLENDALE,  S.  division  of  TIN- 
DALE  ward  and  of  NORTHUMBERLAND,  17  miles 
(S.  S.  W.)  from  Hexham  :  the  population  is  returned 
with  that  of  Allendale.  The  living  is  a  vicarage,  valued 
in  the  king's  books  at  £4.  8.  1^.  ;  present  net  in- 
35 


come,  £50;  patron,  incumbent  of  Allendale;  impro- 
priators, T.  W.  Beaumont,  Esq.,  and  others.  The  chapel 
was  rebuilt  by  Col.  Beaumont,  in  1826,  on  the  site  of 
one  erected  in  1701  by  Sir  William  Blackett,  for  the 
religious  duties  of  the  miners,  who  at  that  time  attended 
prayers  every  morning  at  six  o'clock  :  it  is  now  con- 
sidered a  domestic  chapel,  and  near  it  is  a  good  house 
for  the  minister,  occupied  by  the  incumbent  of  St. 
Peter's,  described  in  the  preceding  article,  who  officiates 
in  both  chapels.  There  are  several  veins  of  lead-ore  in 
the  neighbourhood,  which  are  worked  to  a  considerable 
extent. 

ALLENSFORD,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  SHOT- 
LEY,  union  of  HEXHAM,  E.  division  of  TINDALE  ward, 
S.  division  of  NORTHUMBERLAND,  13  miles  (S.  E.)  from 
Hexham.  This  place  is  on  the  north  side  of  the  river 
Derwent,  over  which  is  a  stone  bridge. 

ALLENSMORE  (Sr.  ANDREW),  a  parish,  in  the 
hundred  of  WEBTREE,  union  and  county  of  HEREFORD, 
4  miles  (S.  W.)  from  Hereford ;  containing  668  inhabit- 
ants. The  parish  is  intersected  by  the  road  from  Here- 
ford to  Monmouth,  and  consists  of  1820  acres,  the  sur- 
face being  generally  level,  with  an  ample  proportion  of 
timber.  The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  rated  in 
the  king's  books  at  £5.  12.  6.,  and  endowed  with  £400 
royal  bounty  ;  patron,  the  Dean  of  Hereford.  The  ap- 
propriate tithes  have  been  commuted  for  two  rent- 
charges,  each  of  £125,  one  payable  to  the  Dean,  and  the 
other  to  the  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Hereford ;  the  vicarial 
tithes  have  been  commuted  for  £175,  and  a  rent  charge 
of  £7.  6.  is  paid  to  impropriators.  There  are  30  acres 
of  glebe.  A  school  was  established  in  1824. 

ALLENTON,  or  ALLWINTON  (&T.  MICHAEL),  a 
parish,  in  the  union  of  ROTHBURY,  W.  division  of 
COQ.UETDALE  ward,  N.  division  of  NORTHUMBERLAND  ; 
comprising  the  townships  of  Allenton,  Biddleston,  Bor- 
rowdon,  Clennell,  Fairhaugh,  Farnham,  Linbriggs,  Ne- 
therton,  North  and  South  sides,  Peals,  and  Sharperton ; 
and  containing  1255  inhabitants,  of  whom  78  are  in  the 
township  of  Allenton,  19  miles  (W.  by  S.)  from  Alnwick. 
The  parish  is  of  great  extent,  stretching  from  the  parish 
of  Rothbury  to  Scotland,  and  20  miles  from  east  to 
west ;  and  consists  almost  entirely  of  porphyritic  moun- 
tains, presenting  very  abrupt  elevations,  covered  with 
short  thick  grass,  valuable  for  rearing  sheep.  The 
river  Coquet  rises  within  its  limits,  and  here  pursues  a 
winding  course  through  a  very  narrow  valley,  the  moun- 
tains rising  in  many  parts  almost  perpendicularly  from 
its  bed  :  it  is  joined  by  the  Alwine,  which  gives  name  to 
the  parish.  Two  fairs  are  held  at  Hatbottle,  in  Hally- 
stone,  chiefly  for  wool  and  sheep,  in  July  and  September. 
The  living  is  a  vicarage  not  in  charge,  with  the  curacy 
of  Hallystone  annexed;  net  income,  £130,  with  a  glebe- 
house  recently  built ;  patron,  Duke  of  Northumberland  ; 
impropriators,  Thomas  Clennell,  Esq.,  and  otheis.  The 
church  is  an  ancient  edifice,  but  has  been  greatly  dis- 
figured by  repairs.  At  Harbottle  is  a  Presbyterian 
meeting-house ;  also  a  national  school  for  the  instruc- 
tion of  the  poor,  which  is  endowed  with  £18  per 
annum,  arising  from  the  produce  of  the  sale  of  a  mes- 
suage in  Newcastle,  amounting  to  £400,  bequeathed  by 
William  Dixon  in  1806.  Here  was  formerly  an  hospital 
belonging  to  the  convent  at  Hallystone ;  and  on  the 
south  side  of  the  Coquet,  are  vestiges  of  an  old  structure, 
called  Barrow  Peel,  to  the  west  of  which  is  Ridlee  Cairn 

F2 


A  L  L  E 


A  L  L  E 


Hill,  supposed  to  have  been  burial-places  of  the  ancient 
Britons.  Throughout  the  district  are  numerous  other 
remains  of  the  Britons,  consisting  of  encampments, 
cromlechs,  &c.,  and  at  Chew  green,  near  the  Scottish 
border,  are  the  remains  of  a  very  extensive  Roman 
station,  the  next  to  the  north  from  Bremenium,  High 
Rochester. 

ALLER,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  HILTON,  union 
of  BLANDFORD,  hundred  of  WHITEWAY,  Blandford  divi- 
sion of  DORSET  ;  containing  91  inhabitants. 

ALLER  (ST.  ANDREW),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
LANGFORD,  hundred  of  SOMERTON,  W.  division  of 
SOMERSET,  6%  miles  (W.)  from  Somerton ;  containing 
559  inhabitants.  Guthrum,  the  Danish  chief,  received 
baptism  at  this  place,  under  the  sponsorship  of  Alfred 
the  Great,  after  the  victory  obtained  by  that  monarch 
over  the  Danes  at  Ethandune.  Aller  Moor  was  the  scene 
of  a  battle  between  the  royalists  and  the  parliamentarians 
in  1644.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £36.  15.,  and  in  the  gift  of  Emanuel  College, 
Cambridge  :  the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent- 
charge  of  £590,  and  the  glebe  comprises  66  acres.  A 
national  school  has  been  built.  Dr.  Ralph  Cudworth, 
author  of  "  The  Intellectual  System  of  the  Universe," 
was  born  here  in  1617- 

ALLERBY,  or  ALWARDBY,  with  OUGHTERSIDE,  a 
township,  in  the  parish  of  ASPATRIA,  union  of  COCKER- 
MOUTH,  ALLERDALE  ward  below  Derwent,  and  county 
of  CUMBERLAND,  7  miles  (N.  N.  W.)  from  Cockermouth  ; 
containing  555  inhabitants. 

ALLERFORD,  a  tything,  in  the  parish  of  SEL- 
WORTHY,  union  of  WILLITON,  hundred  of  CARHAMPTON, 
W.  division  of  SOMERSET;  containing  181  inhabitants. 

ALLERSTON  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
and  lythe  of  PICKERING,  N.  riding  of  the  county  of 
YORK,  5  miles  (E.  by  S.)  from  Pickering  ;  containing 
414  inhabitants.  The  parish  comprises  by  measure- 
ment 9110  acres,  of  which  about  4800  are  arable  and 
pasture,  240  wood  and  plantations,  and  the  remainder 
large  tracts  of  moor  abounding  with  peat  and  turf:  the 
surface  is  varied,  and  in  some  parts  mountainous,  and 
the  lands  on  the  south  side,  which  are  low,  are  fre- 
quently overflowed  by  the  Derwent.  Coal  is  supposed 
to  exist,  but  has  not  been  wrought.  The  village  is 
situated  at  the  foot  of  the  moors  of  Pickering  forest,  and 
on  the  northern  verge  of  the  fertile  marshes  of  the  vale 
of  Derwent.  The  living  has  been  united  to  the  vicarage 
of  Ebberston  since  124*2  :  the  church  is  an  ancient  edi- 
fice, with  a  lofty  square  tower.  A  national  school  was 
erected  in  1839,  under  the  auspices  of  the  vicar,  and  is 
supported  by  subscription,  aided  by  a  donation  of  £14 
per  annum  from  George  Osbaldiston,  Esq.,  the  lord  of 
the  manor. 

ALLERTHORPE,  a  parish,  in  the  union  of  POCK- 
UNGTON,  Wilton-Beacon  division  of  the  wapentake  of 
HARTHILL,  E.  riding  of  YORK  ;  containing,  with  the 
townships  of  Allerthorpe  and  Waplington,  1 99  inhabit- 
ants, of  whom  154  are  in  the  township  of  Allerthorpe, 
l£  mile  (S.  W,  by  W.)  from  Pocklington.  The  general 
surface  of  the  parish  is  flat  and  well  wooded,  and  it  con- 
sists of  1543a.  Ir.  33p.,  of  which  about  670  acres  are 
arable,  420  meadow  or  pasture,  and  450  common  land, 
tithe-free ;  the  soil  is  of  a  light  and  various  quality,  but 
chiefly  sandy.  On  the  east  the  parish  is  bounded  by 
the  Pocklington  canal,  and  it  is  also  contiguous  to  the 
30 


road  between  York  and  Market- Weighton.  The  living 
is  annexed  to  the  vicarage  of  Thornton  :  the  appro- 
priate tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent- charge  of 
£246.  2.  6.,  and  the  vicarial  for  one  of  £73.  12.;  and 
there  are  a  glebe-house  and  3  acres  of  glebe.  In  the 
church  is  a  very  fine  font.  A  school  is  endowed  with 
£9  per  annum,  the  interest  of  £200  bequeathed  by  Mr. 
John  Hart. 

ALLERTHORPE,  with  SWAINBY,  a  township,  in 
the  parish  of  PICKHILL,  union  of  BEDALE,  wapentake  of 
HALLIKELD,  N.  riding  of  YORK,  5  miles  (E.  S.  E.)  from 
Bedale;  containing  31  inhabitants.  Helewise,  daughter 
of  Ranulph  de  Glanville,  founded  a  priory  here  for 
canons  of  the  Pramonstratensian  order,  which  was 
removed  to  Coverham  in  1215.  Allerthorpe  Hall  was 
for  some  time  the  residence  of  Mrs.  Elizabeth  Montague. 

ALLERTON,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  CHILD- 
WALL,  union  and  hundred  of  WEST  DERBY,  S.  division 
of  the  county  of  LANCASTER,  5^  miles  (S.  E.)  from 
Liverpool ;  containing  443  inhabitants.  The  appro- 
priate tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of 
£228.  3.  8.,  payable  to  the  Bishop  of  Chester,  and  the 
vicarial  for  one  of  £42.  17-  6.  Adjoining  the  farm  on 
which  stands  the  famous  Allerton  oak,  is  a  supposed 
Druidical  monument,  called  Calder  Stones,  in  digging 
around  which,  more  than  sixty  years  since,  urns  of  the 
coarsest  clay,  containing  human  bones,  were  found. 

ALLERTON,  a  township,  and,  with  WILSDEN,  an 
ecclesiastical  district,  in  the  parish  and  union  of  BRAD- 
FORD, wapentake  of  MORLEY,  W.  riding  of  YORK,  4 
miles  (W.  N.W.)  from  Bradford  ;  containing  1914  inhabit- 
ants. This  township,  which  is  part  of  the  ancient  manor 
of  Allerton-cum-Wilsden,  comprises  by  measurement 
1872  acres,  of  which  a  very  considerable  portion  of 
waste  has,  under  the  provisions  of  an  act  of  parliament, 
obtained  in  1840,  by  Mrs.  Ferrand,  the  lady  of  the 
manor,  in  concurrence  with  the  principal  freeholders, 
been  inclosed,  and  is  rapidly  coming  into  profitable  cul- 
tivation. Of  the  land,  about  1100  acres  are  meadow  and 
pasture,  550  arable,  and  40  wood  and  plantations  ;  the 
soil  is  not  unfertile,  and  the  substratum  is  chiefly  coal 
and  freestone  of  good  quality  ;  the  surface  is  varied,  and 
the  scenery  in  many  parts  pleasingly  picturesque.  There 
are  several  ancient  mansions,  formerly  the  seats  of  dis- 
tinguished families,  of  which  Crossley,  Shuttleworth,  and 
Allerton  halls,  are  still  remaining ;  and  Dean  House,  the 
asylum  of  the  celebrated  Oliver  Heywood,  during  the 
times  of  the  Tudors  and  Stuarts,  is  now  divided  into 
several  tenements.  The  township  consists  chiefly  of 
scattered  houses,  and  the  inhabitants  are  principally 
employed  in  the  worsted  manufacture,  and  in  the  coal- 
mines and  quarries.  The  church  was  erected  in  1823  ; 
and  there  are  places  of  worship  for  General  Baptists, 
Independents,  and  Wesleyans. 

ALLERTON-BYWATER,  a  township,  in  the  parish 
of  KIPPAX,  Lower  division  of  the  wapentake  of  SKYRACK, 
W.  riding  of  YORK,  4f  miles  (N.  W.)  from  Pontefracfr; 
containing  490  inhabitants.  This  place  comprises  about 
870  acres,  and  is  situated  at  the  confluence  of  the  rivers 
Aire  and  Calder,  where  extensive  wharfs  and  stations 
have  been  constructed  by  the  Aire  and  Calder  Com- 
pany :  part  of  the  houses  near  the  bridge  form  a  suburb 
of  Castleford.  Large  glass-works  have  been  established. 
The  tithes  were  commuted  for  land  and  a  money  pay- 
ment, by  an  inclosure  act,  in  1803. 


A  LL  E 


A  LLE 


ALLERTON,  CHAPEL,  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
AXBRIDGE,  hundred  of  BEMPSTONE,  E.  division  of 
SOMERSET,  3  milts  (S.)  from  Cross ;:  containing  331 
inhabitants.  The  living  is  a  discharged  rectory,  valued 
in  the  king's  books  at  £1(X  8.4.;  net  income^  £223; 
patrons,  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Wells.  There  are  15 
acres  of  glebe.  The  church  is  a  small  edifice,  and  was 
formerly  a  chapel  to  Wedmore. 

ALLERTON,  CHAPEL,  W.  riding  of  the  county  of 
YORK. — See  CHAPEL-ALLERTON. 

ALLERTON-MAULEVERER  (Sr.  MARTIN),  a  pa- 
rish, in  the  Upper  division  of  the  wapentake  of  CLARO, 
W.  riding  of  YORK,  4|  miles  (E.)  from  Knaresborough ; 
containing  277  inhabitants,  of  whom  258  are  in  the 
township  of  Allerton-Mauleverer  with  Hopperton.  This 
place  obtained  its  distinguishing  name  from  the  family 
of  Mauleverer,  one  of  whom,  named  Richard,  in  the 
reign  of  Henry  II.,  founded  here  an  Alien  priory  of 
Benedictine  monks,  the  revenue  of  which  was  given  by 
Henry  VI.  to  King's  College,  Cambridge.  The  parish  is 
wholly  the  property  of  Lord  Stourton,  and  comprises  2J70 
acres,,  of  which  1 1 80  are  arable,  820  meadow  and  pas- 
ture, and  170  woodland  and  plantations.  The  mansion, 
which,  with  the  estate,  was  purchased  by  his  lordship's 
father  for  £163,800,  is  a  handsome  structure,  in  the 
Grecian  style ;  and  attached  to  it  is  a  neat  Roman 
Catholic  chapeL  The  village  is  pleasantly  situated 
about  half  a  mile  from  the  great  north  road  between 
London-  and  Edinburgh.  The  living  is  a  perpetual 
curacy;  net  income,  £65  ;  patron,  Lord  Stourton.  The 
church  is  an  ancient  cruciform  structure.  A  school, 
attended  by  thirty  children  of  both  sexes,,  chiefly  of 
Catholic  parents,  is  supported  by  Lady  Stourton.  The 
late  Duke  of  York  resided  here  in  1786,  1787,  and 
1789. 

ALLERTON,  NORTH  (ALL  SAINTS),  a  borough, 
market-town,  and  parish,  and  the  head  of  a  union,  in 
the  wapentake  and  liberty  of  AL.LERTONSHIRE,  N.  riding 
of  YORK  ;  comprising  the  chapelries  of  Brompton, 
Deighton,  and  High  Worsall,  and  the  townships  of  Ro- 
manby  and  North  Allerton ;  and  containing  5273  inha- 
bitants, of  whom  3092  are  in  the  town,  including  the 
extra-parochial  liberty  of  Lazenby,  32  miles  (N.  W.  by 
N.)  from  York,  and  224  (N.  N.  W.)  from  London.  This 
place,  which  was  a  Roman  station,  and  subsequently  a 
Saxon  borough,  is  in  Domesday  book  called  Alvertune 
and  Alreton,  the  prefix  having  been  applied  to  distinguish 
it  from  Allerton-Mauleverer.  It  was  greatly  injured,  if 
not  destroyed,  by  Beornredus,  or  Earnredus,  who,  in 
769,  having  invaded  the  kingdom  of  Northumberland, 
with  a  view  to  usurp  the  throne,  burnt  the  town  of 
Catterkk,  about  eight  miles  distant.  William  Rufus 
gave  the  town,  with  the  lands  adjacent,  to  the  see  of 
Durham,  and,  under  the  patronage  of  the  bishops  of  that 
diocese,  it  grew  into  importance,  and  became  an  episco- 
pal residence.  At  Cowton  Moor,  about  three  miles  from 
the  town,  and  within  the  parish,  the  celebrated  battle  of 
the  Standard  was  fought,  in  1138,  between  the  English, 
commanded  by  Ralph,  Bishop  of  the  Orkney  Islands, 
Walter  1'Espee,  and  William  d'Albemarle,  and  the 
Scots,  led  on  by  their  king,  David,  who  had  ravaged  the 
country  as  far  as  York,  in  which  the  latter  were  de- 
feated, with  the  loss  of  11,000  men  :  the  spot  on  which 
the  standard  was  erected  is  still  called  Standard  Hill, 
and  the  holes  into  which  the  dead  were  thrown,  the 
37 


Scots'  Pits.  About  1174,  Henry  II.  ordered  the  episco- 
pal palace,  supposed  to  have  been  built  by  Geoffrey, 
Bishop  of  Durham,  and  which  had  been  strongly  fortified 
by  Bishop  Pudsey,  to  be  demolished  j,  it  was  afterwards 
rebuilt,  and  again  destroyed.  Traces  of  the  foundation 
are  still  visible  on  the  western  side  of  the  town.  In 
1318,  the  Scots  plundered  and  burnt  the  town.  During 
the  civil  war,  Charles  I.,  in  one  of  his  journeys  to  Scot- 
land, lodged  here  in  an  old  mansion,  called  the  Porch- 
house  ;  and  in  the  rebellion  of  1745,  the  English  army, 
under  the  Duke  of  Cumberland,  encamped  on  the  Castle 
httls. 

The  TOWN  is  pleasantly  situated  close  to  the  line  of 
the  Great  Northern  railway,  and  consists  chiefly  of  one 
spacious  street,  half  a  mile  in  length,  partially  paved, 
and  containing  some  good  houses ;  it  has  long  given 
name  to  a  district  called  Allertonshire,  now  constituting 
the  wapentake  and  liberty.  The  principal  branches  of 
manufacture  are  those  of  tanning  and  the  currying  of 
leather;  and  hand-loom  linen  weaving  is  carried  on  at 
Brompton.  The  market  is  on  Wednesday ;  and  fairs 
are  held  on  Feb.  14th,  Sept.  5th  and  6th,  Oct.  3rd  and 
4th,  and  the  second  Wednesday  in  the  latter  month, 
The  borough,  town,  and  township  are  all  distinct  :  the 
borough,  which  exists  by  prescription,  first  exercised  the 
elective  franchise  in  the  26th  of  Edward  I.,  but  made  no 
subsequent  return  till  1640;  since  which  time,  till  the 
2nd  William  IV.,  it  regularly  sent  two  members  to  par- 
liament, but  was  thenceforward  destined  to  return  only 
one.  The  right  of  election  was  formerly  vested  in  the 
proprietors  of  aneient  burgage  houses,,  in  number  about 
two  hundred  and  ten,  but  is  now  extended  to  the  £10 
householders  of  the  townships  of  North  Allerton  and 
Romanby,  and  the  chapelry  of  Brompton,  which,  by  the 
act  of  the  2nd  and  3rd  of  William.  IV.  cap.  64,  were 
made  to  constitute  the  new  borough,  comprising  8693 
acres,  of  which  3150  are  in  North  Allerton  township  : 
the  returning  officer  is  a  bailiff,  appointed  by  the  Bishop 
of  Ripon,  who  is  high-bailiff  of  the  whole  shire  or  liberty, 
and  lord  of  the  manor  of  North  Allerton.  The  general 
quarter-sessions  for  the  North  riding  are  held  here,  as 
directed  by  the  act  of  the  1st  of  William  IV.  cap.  70  \ 
and  there  is  a  weekly  meeting  of  the  county  magistrates. 
The  sessions-house  is  an  elegant  building,  erected  about 
1790 ;  annexed  to  it  is  a  house  of  correction,  on  the  plan 
of  Mr.  Howard,  containing  thirty  cells.  To  the  west  of 
the  sessions-house  is  the  registrar's  office  for  the  North 
riding,  where  the  Bishop  of  Ripon  holds  his  courts. 

The  parish  comprises  an.  extensive  and  fertile  district 
stretching  sixteen  miles  from  north  to  south,  and  between 
three  and  four  from  east  to  west ;  it  is  bounded  on  the 
west  by  the  river  Wiske,  and  intersected  by  the  Sun- 
beck  and  the  North-beck  ;  the  surface  is  flat,  except  on 
the  west,  where  it  is  hilly,  and  the  soil  near  the  town  is 
a  good  loam.  The  LIVING  is  a  vicarage,  valued  in  the 
king's  books  at  £17  ;  net  income,  £697  :  patrons,  Dean 
and  Chapter  of  Durham ;  impropriators,  Miss  Pierse 
and  others  :  the  glebe  attached  to  the  benefice  comprises 
about  200  acres.  The  church  is  a  spacious  cruciform 
structure,  in  the  Norman  and  later  English  styles,  .with 
a  square  tower  rising  from  the  centre,  and  crowned  with 
pinnacles  at  the  angles.  There  are  chapels  of  ease  at 
Brompton  and  Deighton,  both  ancient  buildings  ;  also 
places  of  worship  for  Independents  and  Wesleyans.  The 
free  grammar  (now  the  parochial)  school  is  of  royal 


ALL  E 


A  L  L  I 


foundation  :  it  has  a  small  endowment,  arising  from  a 
bequest  by  Elizabeth  Raine,  in  1/37  ;  also  an  interest, 
in  five  scholarships,  founded  by  Bishop  Cosins,  at  Peter 
House,  Cambridge,  in  a  failure  of  applicants  from  the 
school  at  Durham  ;  and  has  likewise  a  contingent  inter- 
est in  twelve  exhibitions  to  Lincoln  College,  Oxford, 
founded  by  Lord  Crewe.  The  school-house  was  rebuilt 
in  1777-  Dr.  W.  Palliser,  Archbishop  of  Cashel ;  Dr. 
George  Hickes,  Dean  of  Worcester,  and  author  of  the 
"  Thesaurus  Septentrionalium  Linguarum ;"  Dr.  Thomas 
Burnet,  master  of  the  Charter-House,  London  ;  Rymer, 
editor  of  the  Fcedera ;  Dr.  Radcliffe  ;  and  the  Rev.  John 
Kettlewell,  were  educated  here.  A  national  school  for 
boys  and  girls,  established  in  1787,  is  partly  supported 
by  subscription.  An  hospital,  or  Maison  de  Dieu,  was 
founded  in  1476,  by  Richard  de  Moore,  a  draper  in  the 
town,  for  thirteen  poor  people  :  it  has  been  rebuilt 
at  the  expense  of  the  inhabitants,  but  the  number  of 
inmates  is  reduced  to  four.  The  Rev.  John  Kettlewell, 
of  St.  Andrew's,  Holborn,  bequeathed,  in  1694,  an  estate 
in  the  township  of  Brompton,  called  Low  Moor  Farm, 
comprising  eighty-three  acres,  and  yielding  a  rental  of 
£70,  of  which  £40  are  applied  in  support  of  the  national 
schools  here  and  at  Brompton,  and  the  residue  is  laid  out 
in  clothing  and  medicine  for  the  poor  of  those  places. 
The  union  of  North  Allerton  comprises  44  parishes  and 
places,  and  contains  a, population  of  12,575.  There  are 
some  remains  of  a  monastery  of  Carmelites,  founded  by 
Thomas  Hat.field,  Bishop  of  Durham,  about  the  year 
1354,  and  dedicated  to  St.  Mary ;  and  the  site  of  St. 
James's  hospital,  about  a  mile  from  the  town,  the 
revenue  of  which,  at  the  dissolution,  was  £58.  10.  10., 
is  still  visible.  It  is  also  on  record  that,  in  the  14th  of 
Edward  III.,  William  de  Alverton  gave  the  Augustine 
friars  eight  acres  of  ground,  in  the  town,  on  which  to 
erect  a  church  and  habitation.  Vestiges  of  a  military 
road  leading  from  Alby,  the  Derventio  of  the  Romans, 
through  the  town  to  Catterick  may  be  traced.  Edmund 
Guest,  Bishop  of  Salisbury,  almoner  to  Queen  Eliza- 
beth, was  born  here.  North  Allerton,  in  the  reign  of 
Anne,  gave  the  title  of  Viscount  to  the  Elector  of  Han- 
over, afterwards  George  I. 

ALLESLEY,  or  AWESLEY  (ALL  SAINTS),  a  parish, 
in  the  union  of  MERIDEN,  Kirkby  division  of  the  hun- 
dred of  KNIGHTLOW,  N.  division  of  the  county  of  WAR- 
WICK, 2|  miles  (N.  W.  by  W.)  from  Coventry  ;  contain- 
ing 963  inhabitants.  It  comprises  by  measurement  4242 
acres,  in  good  cultivation ;  the  surrounding  scenery  is 
pleasingly  varied,  and  the  village  is  neatly  built.  Sand- 
stone is  quarried  for  rough  building  purposes.  Fairs 
are  held  for  cattle  in  February,  March,  June,  August, 
September,  October,  and  December.  The  living  is  a 
rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £17.  18.  9-  ;  pa- 
tron and  incumbent,  Rev.  W.  T.  Bree.  The  tithes  have 
been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £786,  and  the 
glebe  comprises  nearly  40  acres.  The  church  is  an 
ancient  structure  in  the  early  and  later  Norman  styles, 
with  modern  additions  in  bad  taste.  There  is  a  free 
school  for  boys,  towards  the  support  of  which  Mrs. 
Flint,  in.  1705,  gave  by  deed  a  small  portion  of  land,  and 
a  house  for  the  residence  of  the  master  ;  and  another 
school,  for  girls,  is  supported  by  subscription.  Vestiges 
of  an  ancient  castle  are  discernible  in  the  parish. 

ALLESTREE  (ST.  ANDREW),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  BELPER,  hundred  of  MORLESTON  and  LITCHURCH, 
38 


S.  division  of  the  county  of  DERBY,  2  miles  (N.)  from 
Derby  ;  containing  507  inhabitants.  The  parish  is  situ- 
ated on  the  river  Derwent  and  the  road  from  Derby  to 
Bakewell  and  Manchester,  and  comprises  1030  acres,  of 
which  900  are  pasture,  80  arable,  and  50  woodland  ; 
the  soil  is  a  loam  and  marl.  The  living  is  a  perpetual 
curacy,  united  to  the  vicarage  of  Mackworth :  the 
church  is  an  ancient  structure,  containing  several 
monuments  of  the  Munday  family,  and  having  300  sit- 
tings, all  free.  There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Wesley- 
ans  ;  and  schools  are  partly  supported  by  subscription. 

ALLEXTON.— See  ALEXTON. 

ALLHALLOWS,  a  parish,  in  the  union  of  WIGTON, 
ALLEJIDALE  ward  below  Derwent,  W.  division  of  CUM- 
BERLAND, 6f  miles  (S.  W.  by  S.)  from  WTigton ;  com- 
prising by  admeasurement  I860  acres,  and  containing 
235  inhabitants.  This  place,  which  was  anciently  a 
chapelry  in  the  parish  of  Aspatria,  is  bounded  on  the 
south  by  the  river  Ellen,  and  contains  some  quarries  of 
freestone  and  limestone,  and  a  vein  of  coal  of  inferior 
quality.  The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy  ;  net  income, 
£80  ;  patron  and  appropriator,  Bishop  of  Carlisle.  The 
tithes  were  partially  commuted  for  land,  under  an  inclo- 
sure  act,  in  1817.  A  little  southward  of  Whitehall  is 
an  intrenchment,  twenty-eight  yards  square,  surrounded 
by  a  ditch. 

ALLHALLOWS,  a  parish,  in  the  union  and  hun- 
dred of  Hoo,  lathe  of  AYLESFORD,  W.  division  of  KENT, 
9  miles  (N.  E.)  from  Rochester ;  containing  268  inha- 
bitants. The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  valued  in 
the  king's  books  at  £8.  7-  11.,  and  in  the  patronage  of 
the  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Rochester  :  the  appropriate 
tithes,  belonging  to  the  Dean  and  Chapter,  have  been 
commuted  for  a  rent- charge  of  £620,  with  a  glebe  of 
11  acres,  and  those  of  the  incumbent  for  one  of  £185, 
with  a  glebe  of  39  acres.  The  river  Thames  bounds 
this  parish  on  the  north. 

ALLINGTON  (ST.  SWITHJN),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  BRTDPORT,  hundred  of  GODDERTHORNE,  Bridport 
division  of  DORSET,  f  of  a  mile  (N.  W.)  from  Bridport; 
containing  1545  inhabitants.  This  parish,  formerly  a 
chapelry  in  that  of  Bridport,  comprises  582a.  3r.  5p.,  of 
which  281  acres  are  arable,  249  pasture,  and  51  home- 
steads. The  river  Brid,  or  Birt,  runs  through  the  locality, 
which  may  be  considered  as  a  continuation  of  the  town 
of  Bridport,  and  is  within  the  limits  of  the  borough. 
Great  quantities  of  hemp  and  flax  are  raised  in  the 
vicinity,  and  a  manufacture  of  home  and  sail  cloth  is 
carried  on,  which  affords  employment  to  a  considerable 
number  of  persons.  A  fair  for  cheese  and  pedlery  is 
held  on  the  first  Wednesday  in  August.  The  living  is  a 
perpetual  curacy,  in  the  gift  of  the  Rev.  Henry  Fox  : 
the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of 
£190.  The  church  is  a  modern  edifice  in  the  Grecian 
style,  erected  in  1827,  and  contains  800  sittings,  of 
which  400  are  free.  Two  closes  of  land,  containing 
thirty  acres,  are  vested  in  trustees  for  the  benefit  of  the 
poor  in  the  almshouses  of  this  parish  and  Charmouth. 
An  hospital  for  lepers,  dedicated  to  St.  Mary  Magdalene, 
was  founded  here,  which,  at  the  dissolution  in  1553, 
was  valued  at  £7.  8.  4.  An  ancestor  of  the  celebrated 
John  Wesley  was  ejected  from  the  ministry  of  Allington 
as  a  non-juror. 

ALLINGTON  (ST.  LAWRENCE),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  MALLING,  hundred  of  LARKFIELD,  lathe  of 


ALLI 


ALM  E 


AYLESFORD,  W.  division  of  KENT,  if  mile  (N.  N.  W.) 
from  Maidstone ;  containing  49  inhabitants.  It  is 
situated  on  the  western  side  of  the  Medway,  nearly 
opposite  Aylesford.  The  living  is  a  discharged  rectory, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £6.  16.  8. ;  net  income, 
£145,  with  a  glebe-house,  recently  built  ;  patron,  Earl 
of  Romney.  Sir  Thomas  Wyatt,  a  distinguished  poet 
in,  the  reign  of  Henry  VIII.,  was  born  at  Allington 
Castle,  the  remains  of  which  have  been  converted  into  a 
farm-house. 

ALLINGTON,  a  tything,  in  the  parish  and  union  of 
SOUTH  STONEHAM,  hundred  of  MANSBRIDGE,  South- 
ampton and  S,  divisions  of  the  county  of  SOUTHAMP- 
TON ;  containing  536  inhabitants. 

ALLINGTON,  a  parish,  in  the  union  and  hundred 
of  AMESBURY,  Salisbury  and  Amesbury,  and  S.  divisions 
of  WILTS,  3|  miles  (E.  S.  E.)  from  Amesbury  ;  contain- 
ing 94  inhabitants.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in 
the  king's  books  at  £14.  13.  4.;  net  income,  £236 ; 
patron,  Earl  of  Craven. 

ALLINGTON,  a  tything,  in  the  parish,  union,  and 
hundred  of  CHIPPENHAM,  Chippenham  and  Calne,  and 
N.  divisions  of  WILTS,  2^  miles  (N.  W.  by  W.)  from 
Chippenham. 

ALLINGTON,  a  tything,  in  the  parish  of  ALLCAN- 
NINGS,  union  of  DEVIZES,  hundred  of  SWANBOROUGH, 
Devizes  and  N.  divisions  of  WILTS,  4  miles  (E.  N.  E.) 
from  Devizes  ;  containing  188  inhabitants.  The  tithes 
belong  to  the  Dean  and  Canons  of  Westminster.  There 
is  a  place  of  worship  for  a  congregation  of  Particular 
Baptists. 

ALLINGTON,  EAST  (ST.  ANDREW),  a  parish,  in 
the  union  of  KINGSBRIDGE,  hundred  of  STANBOROUGH, 
Stanborough  and  Coleridge,  and  S.  divisions  of  DEVON, 
3^  miles  (N.  E.  by  N.)  from  Kingsbridge  ;  containing 
729  inhabitants,  and  comprising  2348  acres.  The  living 
is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £32.  2.  1., 
and  in  the  patronage  of  Mrs.  Fortescue  :  the  tithes  have 
been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £485,  and  the  glebe 
consists  of  80  acres.  In  the  church  is  a  wooden  screen, 
which,  with  the  pulpit,  is  much  enriched  with  carved 
work. 

ALLINGTON,  EAST  (ST.  JAMES),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  NEWARK,  wapentake  of  WINNIBRIGGS  and 
THREO,  parts  of  KESTEVEN,  county  of  LINCOLN,  5  miles 
(N.  W.)  from  Grantham  ;  containing  276  inhabitants. 
The  living  is  consolidated  with  a  mediety  of  the  rectory 
of  Sedgebrook,  to  the  incumbent  of  which  an  allotment 
of  land  was  given  as  a  commutation  for  the  tithes  of 
the  manor,  by  an  inclosure  act,  in  1793. 

ALLINGTON,  WEST,  DEVON.— See  ALVINGTON, 
WEST. 

ALLINGTON,  WEST  (HOLY  TRINITY),  a  parish,  in 
the  union  of  NEWARK,  wapentake  of  WINNIBRIGGS  and 
THREO,  parts  of  KESTEVEN,  county  of  LINCOLN,  5^ 
miles  (N.  W.  by  W.)  from  Grantham  ;  containing  120 
inhabitants.  In  this  parish  is  the  seat  of  T.  Earle  Wel- 
by,  Esq.,  a  handsome  edifice,  partly  in  the  Elizabethan 
style,  and  commanding  a  distant  view  of  Foston  and  the 
city  of  Lincoln.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the 
king's  books  at  £3.  13.  11|.,  and  in  the  patronage  of 
the  Crown  ;  net  income,  £262. 

ALLITHWAITE,  LOWER,  a  township,  in  the 
parish  of  CARTMEL,  union  of  ULVERSTONE,  hundred  of 
LONSDALE,  north  of  the  Sands,  N.  division  of  the  county 
39 


of  LANCASTER,  2  miles  (S.)  from   Cartmel ;  containing 
807  inhabitants. 

ALLITHWAITE,  UPPER,  a  township,  in  the  parish 
of  CARTMEL,  union  of  ULVERSTONE,  hundred  of  LONS- 
DALE, north  of  the  Sands,  N.  division  of  the  county  of 
LANCASTER,  3^  miles  (N.  E.)  from  Cartmel  ;  containing 
740  inhabitants. 

ALLONBY,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish  of  BROMFIELD, 
union  of  WIGTON,  ALLERDALE  ward  below  Derwent, 
W.  division  of  CUMBERLAND,  9  miles  (N.  N.  W.)  from 
Cockermouth  ;  containing  811  inhabitants.  The  vil- 
lage, comprising  about  200  houses,  is  situated  on  the 
coast  of  Allonby  bay,  which  opens  to  the  Solway  Firth 
and  the  Irish  Sea,  and  is  much  frequented  as  a  bathing- 
place,  the  sands  being  extremely  smooth  and  firm.  It 
was  noted  for  a  herring  fishery,  but  this  has  greatly  de- 
clined, owing  to  the  herrings  having  almost  totally  de- 
serted the  neighbouring  sea ;  a  few  of  the  inhabitants 
are,  however,  still  occupied  in  fishing.  The  living  is  a 
perpetual  curacy ;  net  income,  £94  >  patron,  Vicar  of 
Bromfield.  The  chapel,  dedicated  to  Christ,  was  built  at 
the  expense  of  Dr.  Thomlinson  and  some  relatives,  in 
1744;  and  a  school  was  endowed  in  1755,  by  Mrs. 
Thomlinson,  his  relict,  with  £100,  since  laid  out  in  land 
producing  £8  per  annum.  There  is  a  place  of  worship 
for  the  Society  of  Friends.  Six  cottages,  forming  the 
wings  of  a  dwelling-house  erected  by  Thomas  Richard- 
son, Esq.,  of  Stamford  Hill,  London,  a  native  of  this 
place,  are  appropriated  as  rent-free  residences  to  as 
many  poor  families.  Captain  Joseph  Huddart,  F.R.S., 
an  eminent  naval  engineer  and  hydrographer,  was  born 
here  in  1741,  and  in  the  chapel  is  a  handsome  monu- 
ment erected  to  his  memory,  at  a  cost  of  £500. 

ALLOSTOCK,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  GREAT 
BUDWORTH,  union  and  hundred  of  NORTHWICH,  S. 
division  of  the  county  of  CHESTER,  5  miles  (S.  by  W.) 
from  Nether  Knutsford ;  containing  427  inhabitants. 
There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Unitarians.  The  children 
of  all  persons  in  this  township  who  rent  property  under 
the  value  of  £10  per  annum  are  entitled  to  instruction 
at  the  parochial  school  of  Lower  Peover. 

ALLOWENSHAY,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  KINGS- 
TON, union  of  CHARD,  hundred  of  TINTINHULL,  W. 
division  of  SOMERSET;  containing  212  inhabitants. 

ALLSTONEFIELD.— See  ALSTONFIELD. 

ALLTON,  with  IDRIDGEHAY,  a  township,  in  the  pa- 
rish of  WIRKSWORTH,  union  of  BELPER,  hundred  of 
APPLETREE,  S.  division  of  the  county  of  DERBY,  3^ 
miles  (S.)  from  Wirksworth ;  containing  194  inhabit- 
ants. 

ALLWINTON.— See  ALLENTON. 

ALMELEY  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  partly  in  the 
hundred  of  WOLPHY,  but  chiefly  in  that  of  STRETFORD, 
union  of  WEOBLEY,  county  of  HEREFORD,  4^  miles 
(S.  E.)  from  Kington,  near  the  road  to  Hereford ;  con- 
taining 642  inhabitants.  It  comprises  3352  acres,  of 
which  1500  are  meadow  and  pasture,  1300  arable,  and 
552  woodland  ;  the  surface  is  undulated  and  extensively 
wooded;  and  the  soil,  for  the  most  part,  is  a  sandy 
loam,  having  a  wet  sub-soil  of  marl  and  clay.  A  tram 
railway  for  the  conveyance  of  coal  from  Brecon  to 
Kington  passes  through  the  parish.  The  living  is  a 
vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £6.  17-  11.; 
patron  and  appropriator,  Bishop  of  Hereford.  The 
great  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of 


AL  M  O 


AL  M  O 


£300,  and  the  vicarial  for  £20?.  10.  ;  the  appropriate 
glebe  contain*  19,  and  the  vicarial  55,  acres.  The  church 
is  partly  in  the  Norman,  and  partly  in  the  English 
style.  About  three-quarters  of  a  mile  north-west  of  it 
there  was  probably  once  a  castle,  part  of  the  ditch,  &c., 
being  traceable,  and  the  farm  there  called  Old  Castle.; 
and  near  the  church  are  two  tumuli.  Sir  John  Old- 
castle,  Lord  Cobham,  executed  in  1417  for  his  attach- 
ment to  the  Lollards,  was  a  native  of  the  parish. 

ALMER  .(-Sx.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
BLANOFORD,  hundred  of  LOOSEBARROW,  Winbourn  di- 
vision of  DORSET,  5f  miles  ,(S.  S.  E.)  from  Blandford- 
Forum  ;  containing,  with  the  hamlet  of  Mapperton,  ISQ 
inhabitants.  It  comprises  1129  acres  of  land,  present- 
ing a  flat  appearance,  and  the  soil  of  which  is  light,  with 
a  chalk  and  gravel  bottom.  The  living  is  a  rectory, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £13.  5.  8.,  and  in  the  pa- 
tronage of  Mrs.  Drax  ;  net  income,  £284.  The  glebe 
consists  of  35  acres.  The  church  is  a  small  edifice,  re- 
built by  General  Erie.  There  is  a  school  in  connexion 
with  the  National  Society. 

ALMHOLME,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  ARKSEY, 
union  of  DON.CASTER,  N.  division  of  the  wapentake  of 
STRAFFORTH  and  TICKHILI,,  W.  riding  of  YORK,  3  miles 
(N.  by  E.)  from  Doncaster  ;  containing  69  inhabitants. 
The  term  holme  or  holmes  is  a  generic  name  for  low 
and  level  pasture  lands  near  water,  which  is  descriptive 
of  the  neigh bourhood  of  this  place.  The  hamlet  is  situ- 
ated in  the  north-eastern  extremity  of  the  parish  ;  the 
river  Don  runs  a  little  on  the  east,  and  on  the  north 
flows  a  tributary  to  that  river. 

ALMINGTON,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  DRAY- 
TON-IN-HALES,  union  of  MARKET-DRAYTON,  N.  division 
of  the  hundred  of  PIREHILL  and  of  the  county  of  STAF- 
FORD, 1^  mile  (E.  by  N.)  from  Dray  ton ;  containing  18Q 
inhabitants. 

ALMINGTON,  with  STONE- DELPH,  a  township,  in 
the  parish  and  union  of  TAMWORTH,  Tamworth  division 
of  the  hundred  of  HEMLINGFORD,  N.  division  of  the 
county  of  WARWICK,  2f  miles  (E.)  from  Tamworth  $ 
containing  276  inhabitants,  and  comprising  2191  acres. 
It  is  intersected  by  the  river  Anker,  the  Coventry  canal, 
and  the  road  from  Tamworth  to  Ashby-de-la-Zouch. 

ALMODINGTON,  a  hamlet  (formerly  a  parish),  in 
the  parish  of  EARNLEY,  union  of  WEST  HAMPNETT, 
hundred  of  MANHOOD,  rape  of  CHICHESTER,  W.  divi- 
sion of  SUSSEX,  6  miles  (S.  W.  by  S.)  from  Chichester. 
The  living,  a  rectory,  was  consolidated,  in  1524,  with 
that  of  Earnley  :  and  the  chapel  has  fallen  into  ruins. 

ALMONDBURY  (ALL  SAINTS),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  HUDDERSFIELD,  Upper  division  of  the  wapen- 
take of  AGBRIGG,  W.  riding  of  YORK,  if  mile  (S.  E.) 
from  Huddersfield,  on  the  old  road  to  Sheffield  ;  com- 
prising the  townships  of  Almondbury,  Austonley,  Cros- 
land South,  Farnley-Tyas,  Holme,  Honley,  Lingards, 
Linthwaite,  Lockwood,  Marsden,  Meltham,  Nether- 
Thong,  and  Upper  Thong ;  and  the  hamlets  of  Berry- 
brow,  Crosland  Moor,  Deanhouse,  Meltham  Mills,  Long- 
ley,  Lowerhouses,  Netherton,  and  Rashcliffe  ;  and  con- 
taining 37315  inhabitants,  of  whom  8828  are  in  the 
township  of  Almondbury.  According  to  Camden,  this 
was  the  Cambodunum  of  Antoninus,!  the  site  of  which 
was  on  the  summit  of  a  neighbouring  hill,  where  there 
are  still  some  vestiges  of  a  rampart  and  the  remains  of 
a  fortification  ;  but  some  later  writers  are  of  opinion 
40 


that  these  are  Saxons  remains,  as  no  Roman  relics  have 
ever  been  found,  and  there  are  no  ancient  roads  leading 
to  it.  The  same  author  states  that  in  the  early  Saxon 
times  it  was  a  royal  vill,  and  had  a  church,  built  by 
Paulinus,  and  dedicated  to  St.  Alban,  from  which  cir- 
cumstance the  name  Albanbury,  since  softened  into 
Almondbury.  This  church  is  supposed  to  have  been 
afterwards  burnt  in  the  war  between  Penda,  King  of 
Merda,  and  Edwin  of  Northumbria,  the  latter  of  whom 
had  a  palace  here  ;  and  it  appears  that  no  church  from 
that  period  was  known  till  after  the  year  1090,  when 
the  manor  came  into  the  possession  of  the  Lacy  family, 
of  whom  Alice  de  Lacy  and  her  son  Henry,  presented  to 
the  rectory  in  1187,  prior  to  which  time  a  church  had 
been  erected  most  probably  by  Gilbert  de  Lacy,  the  first 
lord.  The  inhabitants  of  this  populous  and  extensive 
district  are  principally  engaged  in  the  manufacture  of 
fancy  goods  and  woollen  cloth,  for  which  there  are  nu- 
merous establishments.  The  parish  comprises  26,055o. 
3r.  37p. ;  there  are  several  coal-mines,  and  the  produce 
of  some  stone-quarries  is  chiefly  applied  to  building 
purposes.  In  the  39th  of  George  IIL  an  act  was  passed 
for  inclosing  the  waste  lands  in  the  townships  of  North 
Crosland  and  Honley  ;  in  the  9th  of  George  IV.  one 
for  reclaiming  those  in  the  townships  of  Austonley  and 
Upper  Thong  ;  and  in  1830  similar  acts  were  passed 
for  Meltham  and  Nether-Thong:  in  1837  an  act  was 
procured  for  making  and  maintaining  certain  reservoirs 
in  the  parish.  Fairs  are  held  annually  on  Easter  and 
Whit-Mondays,  and  on  Nov.  23rd  for  swine  and  cattle. 
The  LIVING  is  a  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books 
at  £20.  7-  11-  ;  net  income,  £250 ;  patrons  and  impro- 
priators,  Governors  of  Clitheroe  school,  to  whom  the 
rectory,  &c.,  were  given  by  the  crown  at  the  dissolu- 
tion, previously  to  which  they  had  belonged  to  the  Col- 
lege of  Jesus,  at  Rotherham  :  there  are  16  acres  of  glebe, 
with  a  good  vicarage- house,  rebuilt  about  1774.  The 
church,  an  ancient  and  venerable  structure,  erected  on 
the  site  of  the  original  church  in  1552,  and  which  had 
fallen  into  a  state  of  general  dilapidation,  was,  in  1840, 
through  the  spirited  efforts  of  a  few  of  the  inhabitants, 
thoroughly  repaired  and  completely  restored,  with  the 
most  scrupulous  regard  to  the  preservation  of  its  pris- 
tine character,  and  is  one  of  the  most  beautiful  churches 
in  the  West  riding  ;  many  of  the  elegant  windows  which 
had  been  long  concealed,  were  opened ;  and  the  beau- 
tiful screen  that  divided  the  chancel  from  the  nave,  and 
which  was  almost  entirely  destroyed,  was  perfectly  re- 
stored. At  the  end  of  the  north  aisle  is  a  chapel  belong- 
ing to  the  Earl  of  Dartmouth,  and  at  the  extremity  of 
the  south  aisle  one  belonging  to  the  Beaumont  family  : 
there  are  two  oak  chests  of  great  antiquity  richly  carved  ; 
and  round  the  upper  part  of  the  walls,  close  to  the  ceil- 
ing, are  some  verses  in  Saxon  characters :  in  the  north 
and  south  walls  of  the  chancel  are  some  portions  of  the 
original  church  incorporated  in  the  present  edifice. 
There  are  also  churches  at  Holme  Bridge,  Crosland, 
Farnley-Tyas,  Linthwaite,  Meltham,  Lockwood,  Mars- 
den,  Nether-Thong,  and  Honley  ;  that  at  Farnley  built 
by  the  Earl  of  Dartmouth  in  1840  :  and  within  the 
township  of  Almondbury  are  two  places  of  worship  for 
Wesleyan  Methodists,  and  one  for  the  New  Connexion. 
A  free  grammar  school  was  founded  by  letters -patent  of 
James  I.,  of  which  the  annual  income  amounts  to  £91, 
arising  from  lands  and  rent-charges  demised  by  Robert 


A  LNE 


ALNH 


Nettleton  and  other  benefactors ;  and  there  is  also  a 
national  school  for  150  children.  In  1724,  Israel  Wor- 
mall  bequeathed  land,  the  produce  of  which  he  directed 
to  be  applied  towards  instructing  and  apprenticing  chil- 
dren of  this  place ;  and  the  poor  of  Almondbury  have 
property  yielding  a  considerable  rental,  which  is  appro- 
priated to  their  relief. 

ALMONDSBURY  (ST.  MARY  THE  VIRGIN"),  a  parish, 
in  the  union  of  THORNBURY,  comprising  the  tything  of 
Almondsbury,  in  the  Lower  division  of  the  hundred  of 
BERKELEY,  the  tythings  of  Gaunts-Earthcote  and  Lea, 
in  the  Lower  division  of  that  of  THORNBURY,  and 
the  tythings  of  Hempton  and  Patchway,  Over,  and  Lower 
Tockington,  in  the  Lower  division  of  the  hundred  of 
LANGLEY  and  SWINEHEAD,  W.  division  of  the  county 
of  GLOUCESTER  ;  and  containing  1584  inhabitants,  of 
whom  603  are  in  Almondsbury  tything,  7  miles  (N.  by 
E.)  from  Bristol.  This  parish,  which  is  situated  near 
the  river  Severn,  comprises  6927  acres  of  rich  pasture 
land  in  good  cultivation  j  sandstone  is  quarried  chiefly 
for  rough  building  purposes.  The  village  is  situated  at 
the  foot  of  a  ridge  of  limestone  rocks,  in  which  lead-ore 
has  been  found  in  small  quantities,  and  of  which  the  old 
roof  of  Berkeley  castle  was  partly  composed ;  and  the 
views  from  the  heights,  along  which  passes  the  road 
from  Gloucester  to  Bristol,  are  extensive,  embracing  the 
whole  estuary  of  the  Severn,  and  the  opposite  coast  of 
Wales.  The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  annexed  to 
the  see  of  Gloucester  and  Bristol,  and  valued  in  the 
king's  books  at  £20  :  the  tithes  have  been  commuted 
fora  rent-charge  of  £1150.  13.  4.,  and  there  are  two 
acres  of  glebe.  The  church,  situated  in  that  part  of  the 
parish  which  is  in  the  hundred  of  Berkeley,  is  a  very 
handsome  cruciform  structure,  in  the  early  English 
style,  with  a  tower  and  spire  at  the  intersection  ;  it  has 
been  extensively  repaired  and  altered  within  the  last  few 
years,  and  contains  700  free  sittings.  There  is  a  place 
of  worship  for  Wesleyans.  Here  is  a  school  with  a 
small  endowment,  bequeathed  by  the  late  Mr.  John 
Silcox  ;  and  a  national  school,  erected  at  an  expense 
of  £250,  is  endowed  with  £30  per  annum  from  lands 
left  by  an  unknown  benefactor  for  the  use  of  the 
church,  producing  £210  per  annum.  A  school  is  also 
supported  by  Mr.  Lippincolt ;  and  two  cottages  and 
three  acres  of  land  were  bequeathed  by  Mr.  Jefferies  for 
widows  or  widowers. 

ALMSFORD  (ST.  ANDREW),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  WINCANTON,  hundred  of  CATSASH,  E.  division  of 
SOMERSET,  %  of  a  mile  (N.)  from  Castle-Gary ;  con- 
taining 293  inhabitants,  and  comprising  844a.  Ir.  ISp. 
The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£7.  12.  1.;  patron  and  rector,  Rev.  George  Thomas 
Chamberlaine.  The  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a 
rent-charge  of  £215,  and  the  glebe  consists  of  60  acres, 
with  a  glebe-house.  The  church  is  a  small  neat  struc- 
ture. 

ALNE  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of  EASING- 
WOULD,  wapentake  of  BULMER,  N.  riding  of  YORK  ; 
comprising  the  townships  of  Aldwark,  Alne,  Flawith, 
Tholthorp,  Tollerton,  and  Youlton ;  and  containing 
1703  inhabitants,  of  whom  494  are  in  the  township  of 
Alne,  4^  miles  (S.  S.  W.)  from  Easingwould.  The  parish 
contains  by  computation  10,900  acres,  of  which  1900 
are  in  the  township  of  Alne,  and  are  chiefly  arable ;  the 
surface  is  level,  and  the  land  comprises  every  variety  of 
VOL.  I. — 41 


soil.  A  fair  for  cattle  and  sheep  is  held  on  the  Tuesday 
next  after  the  8th  of  Oct.  The  Great  Northern  railway 
passes  through  the  parish.  The  living  is  a  discharged 
vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £10  ;  net  income, 
£370  ;  patron  and  impropriator,  Sir  C.  B.  Codrington  : 
a  small  glebe-house  was  obtained  by  exchange  with  the 
patron,  in  1842.  The  church,  an  ancient  edifice,  with  a 
square  tower,  was  repewed  about  thirty  years  since. 
There  are  places  of  worship  for  Wesleyans  at  Alne,  and 
Tollerton  ;  where,  and  at  Aldwark  and  Tholthorp,  are 
also  schools.  Remains  exist  of  a  religious  house,  which 
was  subordinate  to  St.  Mary's,  at  York. 

ALNE,  GREAT  (ST.  MARY  MAGDALENE),  a  parish, 
in  the  union  of  ALCESTER,  Alcester  division  of  the 
hundred  of  BARLICHWAY,  S.  division  of  the  county  of 
WARWICK,  2f  miles  (N.  E.  by  E.)  from  Alcester  ;  con- 
taining 404  inhabitants.  It  comprises  by  computation 
1800  acres,  and  is  bounded  on  the  south,  and  partly  on 
the  east,  by  the  river  Alne.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  an- 
nexed, with  the  perpetual  curacy  of  Weethley,  to  the 
rectory  of  Kinwarton  :  the  church  has  been  enlarged 
within  the  last  few  years.  Part  of  the  glebe  belonging 
to  Kinwarton  rectory  is  situated  in  this  parish. 

ALNESBORNE,  an  extra-parochial  district  (locally 
in  the  parish  of  NACTON),  in  the  hundred  of  COLNEIS, 
E.  division  of  SUFFOLK,  2^  miles  (S.  E.)  from  Ipswich, 
and  adjoining  the  river  Orwell ;  containing  39  inhabit- 
ants. Here  was  formerly  a  small  priory  of  Austin 
Canons,  dedicated  to  the  Virgin  Mary,  and  suppressed 
about  the  year  1466 ;  there  are  still  the  remains  of  a 
chapel. 

ALNEY,  a  small  island  in  the  river  Severn,  partly 
in  the  parish  of  MAISEMORE,  E.  division  of  the  county 
of  GLOUCESTER,  and  partly  in -those  of  ST.  MARY-DE- 
LODE  and  ST.  NICHOLAS,  city  of  GLOUCESTER.  This 
island,  which  is  formed  by  a  division  of  the  river  into 
two  streams,  and  comprehends  several  acres  of  rich 
pasture  land,  was  by  the  Saxons  called  Oleneag,  and  is 
memorable  for  the  interview  which  took  place  here,  in 
1016,  between  Edmund,  King  of  the  Saxons,  and  Canute, 
leader  of  the  Danes,  whose  armies  had  been  drawn  up  at 
Deerhurst  in  battle  array  for  some  time,  without  either 
giving  the  signal  for  the  attack.  Edmund  at  length 
challenged  Canute  to  single  combat,  which  the  latter 
refused  on  the  plea  of  inequality}  but  proposed  a  re- 
ference to  the  principal  officers  of  both  armies,  which 
was  accepted  by  Edmund,  and,  after  a  short  conference 
on  this  island,  peace  was  concluded  between  them  by  a 
partition  of  the  kingdom. 

ALNHAM  (ST.  MICHAEL),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
ROTH  BURY,  N.  division  of  COQUETDALE  ward,  and 
of  NORTHUMBERLAND  ;  consisting  of  the  townships  of 
Alnham,  Prendwick,  Screnwood,  and  Unthank,  and  con- 
taining 256  inhabitants,  of  whom  141  are  in  the  town- 
ship of  Alnham,  6  miles  from  Whittingham,  and  14  (W.) 
from  Alnwick.  The  parish  forms  part  of  the  Cheviot 
range  of  mountains,  and  comprises  about  12,000  acres, 
almost  entirely  occupied  as  sheep-walks  :  excellent 
building  stone  is  obtained.  The  living  is  a  discharged 
vicarage,  endowed  with  part  of  the  great  tithes,  and 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £3.  17-  1-j  net  income, 
£74 ;  patron,  Duke  of  Northumberland  ;  impropriator 
of  the  remainder  of  the  great  tithes,  J.  C.  Tarleton,  Esq. 
There  are  about  ten  acres  of  glebe.  The  church  has 
a  plain  Norman  arch  between  the  nave  and  chancel. 

G 


ALN  W 


ALN  W 


Near  it  are  the  ruins  of  an  ancient  tower,  which  his 
Grace  is  now  fitting  up  for  a  parsonage ;  and  on  Castle 
Hill  is  a  semicircular  encampment,  defended  by  a  high 
double  rampart  and  deep  trench,  within  which  is  a  range 
of  uncemented  stones. 

ALNMOUTH,  or  ALEMOUTH,  a  small  sea-port,  and 
township,  in  the  parish  of  LESBURY,  union  of  ALNWICK, 
S.  division  of  BAMBROUGH  ward,  N.  division  of  NORTH- 
UMBERLAND, 5^  miles  (E.  S.  E.)  from  Alnwick  ;  con- 
taining 480  inhabitants.  This  place,  which  takes  its 
name  from  its  situation  on  a  tongue  of  land  projecting 
into  the  sea,  near  the  mouth  of  the  river  Aln,  com- 
prises 180  acres  of  land,  of  a  light  turnip  soil,  in  equal 
portions  of  arable  and  pasture  ;  the  scenery  is  undulated, 
and  there  are  good  land  and  sea  views  ;  stone  for  build- 
ing is  procured  from  the  rocks  on  the  shore.  Mr.  Edward 
Thew,  of  Lesbury  House,  has  a  steam  flour-mill  here,  and 
ships  large  quantities  of  corn ;  and  there  is  an  exten- 
sive timber-yard,  belonging  to  Mr.  Hindmars  ,  of  Aln- 
wick. Formerly  a  considerable  trade  was  carried  on, 
consisting  principally  in  the  export  of  corn,  flour,  eggs, 
and  pork  to  London,  and  of  wool  to  the  manufacturing 
districts  of  Yorkshire,  but  the  trade  is  now  limited,  and 
the  business  of  ship-building,  which  prevailed  here,  has 
entirely  declined.  To  the  port,  which  is  subordinate  to 
that  of  Berwick,  belong  several  vessels,  varying  from  60 
to  150  tons'  burthen.  The  village  is  resorted  to  for  sea- 
bathing, and  the  sands,  being  very  firm,  form  a  fine 
promenade ;  hot  baths  are  always  in  readiness  at  the 
Schooner  inn.  By  an  encroachment  of  the  sea,  and  a 
change  in  the  course  of  the  river,  a  small  island  has 
been  formed,  on  which,  until  1806,  were  the  remains  of 
an  old  chapel,  dedicated  to  St.  John  the  Baptist,  the 
site  of  which  was  originally  on  the  main  land.  The 
tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  amount- 
ing to  £30.  1.  6.,  of  which  £26.  15.  10.  are  payable  to 
the  vicar,  who  has  a  glebe  of  about  three-quarters  of  an 
acre,  £2.  3.  1.  to  the  clerk,  and  £1.  2.  7.  to  the  sexton, 
of  the  parish.  There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Wesley- 
ans ;  and  a  school-house  was  built  in  1826,  at  the  ex- 
pense of  a  benevolent  individual. 

ALNWICK  (Sr.  MARY 
AND  ST.  MICHAEL), a  market- 
town  and  parish,  and  the 
head  of  a  union,  in  the  E. 
division  of  COQUETDALE 
ward,  N.  division  of  NORTH- 
UMBERLAND, of  which  it  is 
the  county  town,  33  miles  (N. 
by  W.)  from  Newcastle,  and 
306  (N.  by  W.)  from  Lon- 
don ;  comprising  the  town- 
ships of  Alnwick,  South- 
Corporation  Seal.  side>  Shieldykes,  Abbey 

Lands,  Canongate,  Denwick,  and  Hulne  Park,  and  con- 
taining 6626  inhabitants.  This  place,  which  is  of  great 
antiquity,  was  occupied  at  a  very  early  period  by  the 
Danes  or  Saxons,  who,  from  its  situation  near  the  river 
Alne,  called  it  Ealnwic,  and  built  a  strong  castle  for  its 
defence  on  a  site  supposed  to  have  been  previously 
occupied  by  a  Roman  fortress,  which,  after  the  Norman 
Conquest,  became  the  baronial  residence  of  Ivo  de  Vescy, 
lord  of  Alnwick,  to  whom  the  barony  had  been  given 
by  the  Conqueror.  In  1093,  the  castle  was  besieged  by 
Malcolm  III.,  King  of  Scotland,  and  bravely  defended 
42 


by  Mowbray,  Earl  of  Northumberland ;  upon  which  oc- 
casion Malcolm  and  his  son  Edward  were  both  killed ; 
the  former,  according  to  the  Chronicle  of  Alnwick  Abbey, 
by  one  of  the  garrison,  under  pretence  of  presenting  to 
him,  in  token  of  submission,  the  keys  of  the  fortress  at 
the  point  of  a  lance ;  and  the  latter  in  his  eagerness  to 
revenge  the  death  of  his  father,  in  an  unguarded  assault 
of  the  enemy,  in  which  he  received  a  mortal  wound. 
The  remembrance  of  this  event  is  preserved  by  a  cross 
erected  about  a  mile  north  of  the  town,  on  the  spot 
where  the  Scottish  monarch  is  supposed  to  have  fallen  j 
it  was  rebuilt  in  1774  by  the  Duchess  of  Northum- 
berland, a  lineal  descendant  of  that  king,  and  is  still 
called  Malcolm's  Cross.  In  1135,  the  town,  which 
during  the  border  wars  was  constantly  an  object  of 
attack,  was  taken  by  David,  King  of  Scotland ;  and 
in  1174  it  was  besieged  by  William,  at  the  head  of 
80,000  Scottish  forces,  but  was  successfully  defended  by 
William  de  Vescy,  Robert  de  Stuteville,  Ranulph  de 
Glanville,  and  others,  who  took"  the  Scottish  monarch 
prisoner,  and  sent  him  to  London,  where  he  was  kept 
in  confinement  till  released  by  his  subjects,  who  paid 
£100,000  for  his  ransom.  In  1215,  the  town  was 
nearly  reduced  to  ashes  by  King  John ;  but  it  appears 
to  have  been  speedily  rebuilt,  for,  within  five  years  from 
that  date,  Gualo,  the  pope's  legate,  summoned  a  general 
council  of  the  Scottish  bishops  to  be  held  here,  for  the 
regulation  of  some  ecclesiastical  abuses.  In  1328,  it 
was  again  besieged  by  the  Scots  under  Robert  Bruce, 
but  without  success ;  and  in  1411,  the  castle  was  em- 
battled and  the  town  surrounded  with  a  strong  wall,  to 
protect  it  from  the  predatory  incursions  of  the  Scots. 
Notwithstanding  these  fortifications,  it  was  again  as- 
sailed by  the  Scots,  who  in  1448  set  fire  to  it,  in  retalia- 
tion for  the  burning  of  Dumfries  by  the  English.  After 
the  battle  of  Hexham,  in  1463,  the  castle,  which  was  in 
the  interest  of  the  House  of  Lancaster,  was  summoned 
by  the  Earl  of  Warwick ;  but  the  garrison,  though  unable 
to  sustain  a  protracted  siege,  retained  possession,  till 
they  were  relieved  by  Sir  George  Douglas,  who,  arriving 
at  the  head  of  a  considerable  force,  afforded  them  an 
opportunity  of  retiring  unmolested. 

The  TOWN  is  pleasantly  situated  on  the  irregular 
declivity  of  an  eminence  rising  from  the  bank  of  the 
river  Alne,  over  which,  at  the  northern  extremities, 
are  two  neat  stone  bridges.  The  streets  are  spacious, 
well  paved,  and  lighted  with  gas ;  the  houses,  which  are 
built  of  stone,  are  chiefly  of  modern  erection  ;  and  the 
inhabitants  are  amply  supplied  with  water  from  cisterns 
and  reservoirs,  and  by  pumps  in  various  parts  of  the 
town,  erected  at  the  expense  of  the  corporation.  Near 
the  south  entrance  of  the  town  is  a  fine  column,  eighty- 
three  feet  in  height,  erected  upon  an  eminence  at  the 
side  of  the  turnpike-road  :  it  is  called  the  Percy  Tenantry 
Column,  from  having  been  raised  by  the  agricultural 
tenantry  of  the  Duke  of  Northumberland,  in  1816,  in 
grateful  commemoration  of  his  Grace's  liberality  at 
various  periods,  when  the  distress  of  the  times  had 
rendered  the  payment,  of  rent  in  many  cases  difficult, 
and  in  some  altogether  impracticable.  An  elegant 
column  was  also  erected  in  1814,  on  Camp  Hill  near 
the  town,  in  commemoration  of  the  various  victories 
obtained  by  the  British  during  the  war,  and  of  the 
restoration  of  peace.  A  subscription  library  was  esta- 
blished in  17S3  ;  but  this  was  dissolved  in  1833,  and  an 


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improved  institution  was  formed  in  1834,  which  now 
contains  nearly  2000  volumes.  In  1824,  a  mechanics' 
institute  was  founded,  for  which  a  handsome  building 
was  erected  in  1831,  containing  a  lecture-room,  library, 
and  other  accommodations.  Assemblies  are  held  in  a 
spacious  building  in  the  market-place,  part  of  which  is 
also  appropriated  as  a  reading-room  :  a  savings'  bank 
was  established  in  1815.  The  trade  and  manufactures 
of  the  place  are  not  of  much  importance ;  yet  there 
are  some  extensive  breweries  and  tanneries,  and  the 
parish  abounds  with  coal,  limestone,  freestone,  and  whin- 
stone.  The  market,  abundantly  supplied  with  corn  and 
provisions,  is  held  on  Saturday ;  fairs,  for  cattle  and 
horses,  are  held  on  May  12th,  the  last  Monday  in  July, 
and  the  first  Tuesday  in  Oct.;  and  there  are  also 
other  fairs,  on  the  first  Saturday  in  March  and  in 
November  for  hiring  servants.  On  the  eve  of  the  July 
fair,  the  inhabitants  of  certain  of  the  manors  and 
townships,  owing  suit  and  service  to  the  Duke  of  North- 
umberland, send  deputies  to  attend  the  bailiff  in  the 
ceremony  of  proclamation ;  they  afterwards  keep  watch 
and  ward  in  the  several  quarters  of  the  town  for  the 
remainder  of  the  night,  by  which  service  they  obtain 
exemption  from  toll  within  the  town  during  the  fair.  A 
new  fish-market,  erected  at  the  expense  of  his  Grace, 
was  opened  April  20th,  1830. 

Alnwick  is  a  BOROUGH  by  prescription,  having  no 
royal  charter  of  incorporation  ;  though,  from  the  capri- 
cious mode  of  choosing  the  freemen,  which  is  ascribed 
to  King  John,  it  would  appear  that  its  prescriptive  right 
was  at  least  tacitly  acknowledged  by  that  sovereign ;  an 
established  corporation  is  also  recognised  by  an  in- 
operative charter  of  Henry  III.,  as  well  as  by  several 
ancient  existing  grants  of  the  De  Vescy  family.  The 
present  corporation  consists  of  twenty-four  common- 
councilmen,  and  four  chamberlains  are  chosen  from 
among  them,  who,  at  a  council  meeting  held  on  the 
2Qth  of  September,  nominate  eight  out  of  their  num- 
ber, and  return  their  names  to  the  steward  of  the 
manor,  by  whom,  at  the  next  court  leet  held  for  the 
manor,  four  are  appointed  to  act  as  chamberlains  for 
the  ensuing  year.  The  common-councilmen  are  chosen 
from  among  the  resident  freemen  of  the  several  incor- 
porated companies  or  fraternities,  of  which  there  are 
ten,  viz.,  the  Cordwainers,  Skinners  and  Glovers, 
Merchants,  Tanners,  Weavers,  Blacksmiths,  Butchers, 
Joiners,  Tailors,  and  Coopers.  A  chamberlain's  clerk 
and  other  officers  are  appointed  by  the  common-coun- 
cilmen. The  freedom  is  inherited  by  the  sons  of  free- 
men, provided  they  have  first  been  made  free  of  one  of 
the  trading  companies ;  it  may  also  be  acquired  by  a 
servitude  of  seven  years  to  a  freeman  residing  in  the 
borough.  Each  candidate,  on  taking  up  his  freedom,  is 
subjected  to  the  ludicrous  ceremony  of  passing  through 
a  miry  pool,  thence  called  the  "  Freemen's  well."  A 
bailiff  is  appointed  by  the  Duke  of  Northumberland 
for  the  manor  of  Alnwick.  The  corporation  possess  no 
magisterial  authority,  the  town  being  wholly  within  the 
jurisdiction  of  the  county  magistrates,  who  hold  petty- 
sessions  on  the  first  and  third  Saturday  in  every  month. 
Courts  leet  and  baron  are  held  at  Easter  and  at 
Michaelmas,  under  the  Duke  of  Northumberland,  as 
lord  of  the  manor ;  and  a  manorial  court  is  held  also 
for  the  township  of  Canongate.  The  quarter-sessions 
for  the  county  take  place  here  at  Michaelmas,  in  rotation 
43 


with  Hexham,  Morpeth,  and  Newcastle.  The  county 
court  is  held  here  monthly ;  and  the  election  of  parlia- 
mentary representatives  for  the  northern  division  of  the 
county,  and  also  the  election  of  coroners  for  the  county, 
take  place  at  Alnwick.  The  town  hall,  erected  in  1731, 
is  a  handsome  stone  building,  surmounted  by  a  square 
tower,  and  stands  on  the  west  side  of  the  market-place, 
an  extensive  area  in  the  centre  of  the  town,  on  the  south 
side  of  which  is  a  large  building,  erected  by  the  Duke 
of  Northumberland,  containing  in  the  upper  part  a 
spacious  and  splendid  assembly-room,  and  a  news- 
room, and  affording  underneath  a  covered  area  for  the 
sale  of  butchers'  meat,  fish,  and  poultry.  The  house  of 
correction,  near  the  Green  Bat,  was  erected  in  1807, 
and  comprises  nine  sleeping  cells,  a.  work -room,  a  day- 
room,  and  two  airing  yards,  but  there  is  not  sufficient 
room  for  the  classification  of  prisoners. 

The  LIVING  is  a  perpetual  curacy  ;  net  income,  £175  ; 
patron  and  impropriator,  Duke  of  Northumberland. 
The  church  is  a  spacious  and  venerable  structure,  in  the 
later  style  of  English  architecture,  with  a  neat  tower, 
and  consists  of  a  nave,  north  and  south  aisles,  and  a 
chancel.  The  roof  of  the  chancel  is  richly  groined  and 
ornamented  ;  on  the  sides  are  some  ancient  stalls  carved 
in  tabernacle  work  ;  and  at  the  east  end  are  three  altar- 
tombs,  on  which  are  recumbent  figures  of  stone  finely 
sculptured,  but  without  date  or  inscription.  The  chan- 
cel was  repaired  and  beautified  in  1781,  by  the  first 
Duke  of  Northumberland,  and  in  1818,  the  church  was 
repewed,  and  repaired,  when  the  present  duke  contri- 
buted £300  towards  the  expense.  On  repairing  the 
north  aisle,  two  statues  of  stone,  one  representing  a 
king  and  the  other  supposed  to  be  that  of  a  martyr, 
were  found  about  two  feet  below  the  surface  of  the 
ground,  and  are  now  placed  beneath  the  tower,  at  the 
western  extremity  of  the  church.  There  are  places  of 
worship  for  Independents,  a  United  Secession  Relief 
congregation,  Presbyterians,  Wesleyans,  New  Connexion 
of  Methodists,  and  Unitarians  ;  and  a  Roman  Catholic 
chapel  rebuilt  in  1836.  The  borough  grammar  school  for 
the  education  of  the  children  of  freemen,  has  an  endow- 
ment of  about  £14  per  annum,  arising  from  the  corn- 
tolls,  and  a  rent-charge.  The  English  school  is  also 
supported  by  the  corporation;  an  annuity  of  £10  was 
bequeathed  to  it,  in  1726,  by  Mark  Forster,  who  also 
left  a  house  and  garden  for  the  use  of  the  master.  A 
school  for  200  boys  was  founded  in  1810,  by  the  Duke 
of  Northumberland,  in  commemoration  of  the  fiftieth 
anniversary  of  the  accession  of  George  III. ;  and  a 
school  has  been  instituted  by  the  Duchess,  for  clothing 
and  instructing  50  girls.  An  infants'  school,  projected 
in  commemoration  of  the  Queen's  coronation,  was 
opened  in  1839,  and  is  supported  by  subscription.  A 
dispensary  was  established  in  1815.  The  poor  law 
union  of  Alnwick  comprises  62  parishes  or  places,  and 
contains  a  population  of  18,768. 

The  ancient  CASTLE,  now  the  magnificent  residence  of 
the  Duke  of  Northumberland,  is  a  noble  and  stately 
structure,  comprising  two  wards,  and  has  been  put  into 
a  state  of  thorough  repair  by  the  grandfather  of  the  pre- 
sent owner,  with  a  due  regard  to  the  preservation  of  its 
original  style,  and  its  ancient  character  as  one  of  the 
most  splendid  baronial  residences  in  the  kingdom  :  the 
extensive  park  and  demesnes  abound  with  beauti- 
fully varied  walks,  commanding  a  rich  diversity  of 

G2 


A  LN  W 


A  LPI 


scenery,  and  a  fine  assemblage  of  strikingly  interesting 
objects,  among  which  the  venerable  ruins  of  Alnwick 
and  Hulne  abbeys  are  conspicuous.     On  the  south-west 
side  of  the   town    stands   Swansfield,  the  residence   of 
Prideaux  Selby,  Esq.,  which  is  a  plain  stone  structure, 
situated  in  grounds  of  varied  and  picturesque  character, 
and  commands  beautiful  prospects  ;   and  from  Alnbank 
House   and    Freelands,    the    residences    of  the    respec- 
tive proprietors,  Luke   Hindmarsh,  Esq.,  and  Thomas 
Skelly,  Esq.,  are  also  obtained  fine  views  of  the  sur- 
rounding   country.       There   are   some   remains    of  the 
ancient    town    walls,    which    were    defended    by    four 
square    massive    gateway   towers,    of  which    Bondgate, 
now  the  only  one  entire,  was  built  by  the  son  of  the 
renowned    Hotspur ;   on    the    site   of   Pottergate   tower 
a  handsome    tower   gateway  has  been    erected,   in   the 
later  style  of  English  architecture.     Alnwick  Abbey  was 
founded  in  1147,  by  Eustace  Fitz-John,  who  endowed 
it    for    Praemonstratensian    canons,    and    dedicated    it 
to  St.  James  and  the  Blessed  Virgin  :  the  abbot  was 
summoned  to   parliament  in   the  reigns  of  Edward   I. 
and  II.     It  continued  to  flourish  till  the  dissolution,  at 
which  time  its  revenue  was  estimated  at  £194.  7-  :  the 
only  remains   are   a  gateway,  which  has  been  fitted  up 
as  a  lodge  to  the  parks  (which  are  stocked  with  deer, 
and  a  very  fine  breed  of  buffaloes),  and,  with  the  abbey 
grounds,  forms  a  highly  interesting  feature  in  the  park. 
Hulne  Abbey,  about  three  miles  from  the  town,   but 
within  the  limits  of  the  Duke's  park,  is  beautifully  situ- 
ated on  the  slope  of  an  eminence.    It  was  founded  about 
the  year   1240,  according  to  some  authorities,  by  Wil- 
liam de  Vescy,  and  according  to  others  by  Ralph  Fres- 
born,  after  returning  from   the  crusades,  for  Carmelite 
friars,  and  is  said  to  have  been  the  first  house  of  that 
order  established  in  England ;  it  was  amply  endowed 
by  William  de  Vescy  and  his  successors,  and  Fresborn 
became  the  first  abbot.     The  site  was  granted,  in  the 
reign  of  Elizabeth,  to  Thomas  Reeve  and  others,  and  was 
afterwards  purchased  by  the   Percy  family,  its  present 
proprietors.  The  remains,  which  are  beautifully  mantled 
with   ivy,  are  very  considerable,  and  form  an  interest- 
ing feature  in   the  scenery  of  the  park ;    part   of  the 
abbey  buildings  has  been  fitted  up  as  a  residence  for  a 
gamekeeper.     Bale,  the  eminent  biographer,  was  one  of 
the  brethren  of  this  ancient  monastery.  Opposite  to  the 
remains  of  the  abbey,  a  road,  winding  round  a  lofty 
eminence,  leads  to  Brislee  Hill,  on  the  summit  of  which 
is  a  noble  column,  ninety  feet  high,  and  within  it  a  spiral 
staircase  leading  to  the  balcony,  which  commands  an 
extensive  and  delightful  prospect,  embracing  the  hills  of 
Cheviot  and  Teviotdale  ;  the  hill  of  Flodden  ;  the  castles 
of  Bambrough,   Dunstanburgh,  and  Warkworth ;    the 
isle  of  Coquet,  the  port  of  Alnmouth,  and  various  other 
interesting  objects.     Here  also  was  an  ancient  hospital, 
founded    by  Eustace  de  Vescy,   and    dedicated  to   St. 
Leonard ;  likewise  a  chapel  dedicated  to  St.  Thomas :  and 
in  Walkergate-street  is  an  old  house,  the  doorway  and 
windows  of  which  prove  its  ecclesiastical  origin.  AtSheep- 
layers-on-the-Moor,  and  at  Rugley  Moorhouse  farm,  in 
the  vicinity  of  the  town,  are  encampments  supposed  to 
be  of  Danish  origin,  but   nothing  is  recorded  of  their 
history.     In   1726,  a  workman  employed  in  quarrying 
stone  for  the  repairs  of  the  castle  discovered  twenty 
swords,  sixteen  spearheads,  and  forty  celts,  all  of  brass  j 
and  on  the  face  of  the  rock  under  which  they  were  found 
44 


was  rudely  cut  the  date  1115.     Alnwick  gives  the  title 
of  Baron  Louvaine  of  Alnwick  to  the  Earl  of  Beverley. 

ALPERTON,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  HARROW- 
ON-THE-HiLL,  union  of  HENDON,  hundred  of  GORE, 
county  of  MIDDLESEX  ;  containing  242  inhabitants. 

ALPHAMSTONE,  a  parish,  in  the  union  of  SUD- 
BURY,  hundred  of  HINCKFORD,  N.  division  of  ESSEX,  5 
miles  (N.  E.)  from  Halstead  ;  containing  314  inhabit- 
ants. This  parish,  which  includes  the  hamlet  of  Bures, 
and  contains  1557«.  2r.  3~p.,  was  anciently  parcel  of 
the  possessions  of  the  abbey  of  Bury-St.  Edmund's, 
except  a  portion  that  belonged  to  Richard  Fitz-Gilbert, 
which,  after  the  Conquest,  was  divided  among  several 
proprietors.  The  soil  is  rich,  and  constitutes  fine  corn 
land  ;  the  scenery  is  picturesque.  A  pleasure  fair  is 
held  on  the  first  Thursday  in  June.  The  living  is  a  rec- 
tory, valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £11,  and  in  the  gift 
of  the  Crown  :  the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a 
rent-charge  of  £440,  and  the  glebe  consists  of  28  acres. 
The  church,  an  ancient  building  of  flint,  consisting  of  a 
nave,  with  a  south  aisle  and  chancel,  lighted  by  small 
lancet-shaped  windows,  is  finely  situated  on  an  eminence, 
commanding  an  extensive  and  richly  varied  prospect  : 
the  tower,  with  the  bells,  fell  down  about  fifty  years 
since. 

ALPHETON,  a  parish,  in  the  union  of  SUDBURY, 
hundred  of  BABERGH,  W.  division  of  SUFFOLK,  3  miles 
(N.  N.  E.)  from  Long  Melford  ;  containing  321  inhabit- 
ants, and  comprising  1200  acres  by  admeasurement. 
The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£10.  1.  8.;  patron  and  incumbent,  Rev.  T.  G.  Dicken- 
son.  The  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge 
of  £286  ;  and  there  are  40  acres  of  glebe,  with  a  good  par- 
sonage-house, pleasantly  situated  near  the  turnpike-road. 
The  church  contains  a  mural  monument  to  Lieut.  Shep- 
pard,  who  received  a  wound  in  the  head  at  the  attack  on 
Boulogne  in  1805,  which  caused  his  death  ten  years 
after ;  the  old  painted  glass  has  been  lately  collected, 
and,  with  the  addition  of  new,  formed  into  two  neat 
windows. 

ALPHINGTON  (ST.  MICHAEL),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  ST.  THOMAS,  hundred  of  WONFORD,  Wonford 
and  S.  divisions  of  DEVON,  1|  mile  (S.)  from  Exeter  ; 
containing  1286  inhabitants.  This  place,  an  ancient 
manor,  of  which  the  lords  had  the  power  of  inflicting 
capital  punishment,  is  skirted  by  the  banks  of  the  Exe, 
which  river,  as  well  as  the  Exeter  canal,  passes  through 
the  parish.  It  comprises  2223  acres  by  computation ; 
granite  is  found  in  some  parts,  and  at  the  Porkham 
quarry  good  building  stone  is  obtained.  Fairs  for  cattle 
are  held  on  the  first  Wednesday  after  the  20th  of  June, 
and  in  the  beginning  of  October.  The  living  is  a  rec- 
tory, valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £34.  6.  8.,  and  has 
a  net  income  of  £852  j  the  glebe  consists  of  27  acres, 
with  an  excellent  parsonage-house  built  by  the  late  Rev. 
William  Ellicombe,  whose  son,  the  Rev.  Richard  Elli- 
combe,  is  the  present  patron  and  incumbent.  The  church 
contains  a  circular  Norman  font,  with  intersecting  arches 
and  scroll  ornaments.  There  are  a  place  of  worship  for 
Wesleyans,  and  a  school  in  connexion  with  the  National 
Society. 

ALPINGTON,  a  parish,  in  the  union  of  LODDON 
and  CLAVERING,  hundred  of  LODDON,  E.  division  of 
NORFOLK,  l£  mile  (N.)  from  Brooke,  and  6  miles  (S.  E.) 
from  Norwich,  on  the  road  to  Bungay ;  containing  197 


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A  L  RE 


inhabitants,  and  comprising  530a.  3r.  12p.  The  living, 
a  rectory,  is  united  to  Yelverton,  and  there  are  no  re- 
mains of  the  church.  About  9£  acres  of  land  were 
allotted  to  the  poor  for  fuel,  at  the  time  of  the  inclo- 
sure. 

ALPRAHAM,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  BUNBURY, 
union  of  NANTWICH,  First  division  of  the  hundred  of 
EDDISBURY,  S.  division  of  the  county  of  CHESTER,  3^ 
miles  (S.  E.  by  E.)  from  Tarporley  ;  containing  520  in- 
habitants. The  impropriate  tithes  have  been  commuted 
for  a  rent-charge  of  £106,  payable  to  the  Haberdashers' 
Company,  London.  There  is  a  place  of  worship  for 
Wesleyans. 

ALRESFORD  (ST.  PETER),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
and  hundred  of  TENDRING,  N.  division  of  ESSEX,  65 
miles  (S.  E.  by  E.)  from  Colchester ;  containing  289  in- 
habitants. The  parish  is  bounded  on  the  west  by  the 
river  Colne,  and  takes  its  name,  which  is  supposed  to 
be  a  modification  of  Aldersford,  from  an  ancient  ford 
across  that  river  :  the  lands  are  elevated,  and  the  soil 
generally  of  a  light,  sandy  quality.  The  living  is  a  dis- 
charged rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £8 ;  net 
income,  £307  ;  patrons,  Principal  and  Fellows  of  Bra- 
senose  College,  Oxford.  The  church,  a  small  edifice, 
with  a  spire  of  shingles,  was,  according  to  an  inscription 
in  the  chancel,  written  in  Norman  French,  erected  by 
Anfrid  or  Anfrey  de  Staunton.  There  is  a  school  in 
connexion  with  the  National  Society. 

ALRESFORD,  NEW,  a  market-town  and  parish, 
and  the  head  of  a  union,  in  the  liberty  of  ALRESFORD, 
Alton  and  N.  divisions  of  the  county  of  SOUTHAMPTON, 
6  miles  (N.  E.  by  E.)  from  Winchester,  and  57  (S.  W. 
by  W.)  from  London,  on  the  high  road  to  Winchester  j 
containing  1578  inhabitants.  This  place,  which  derives 
its  name  from  its  situation  near  a  ford  on  the  river  Arle, 
was  given  to  the  church  of  Winchester  by  Cenwalh, 
King  of  the  West  Saxons,  after  his  baptism  by  Bishop 
Birinus  ;  and  about  1220,  Godfrey  de  Lucy,  Bishop  of 
Winchester,  restored  the  market,  then  fallen  into  disuse. 
On  May-day,  1690,  the  town  was  destroyed  by  fire,  pre- 
viously to  which  it  was  so  prosperous  that  there  was 
not  an  individual  requiring  parochial  relief ;  and  in 
1710  a  similar  calamity  occurred.  The  parish  com- 
prises, by  computation,  730  acres  j  the  surface  is  flat 
in  some  parts,  and  in  others  hilly ;  the  soil,  which  is 
light  and  chalky,  is  in  general  good.  Alresford  pond 
is  a  fine  piece  of  water,  through  which  runs  the  river 
Itchen,  which  divides  this  parish  from  Old  Alresford. 
The  northern  embankment  is  formed  by  a  causeway, 
nearly  500  yards  in  length,  which,  previously  to  the 
construction  of  the  present  road  through  Bishop's-Sut- 
ton,  in  1753,  constituted  part  of  the  main  road  to 
London :  it  was  accomplished  by  Bishop  de  Lucy, 
under  a  grant  from  King  John,  with  a  view  to  the 
improvement  of  his  grounds,  and  to  increase  the  depth 
of  the  river  Itchen,  which  was  formerly  navigable  to 
Southampton  Water,  though  of  late  it  has  ceased  to  be 
so  higher  than  Winchester ;  and  as  a  recompense  for 
this  arduous  undertaking,  the  bishop  obtained,  for  him- 
self and  his  successors,  the  entire  royalty  of  the  river 
from  the  reservoir  to  the  sea.  Among  the  seats  in  the 
neighbourhood  are  those  of  Lord  Rodney  (formerly  the 
residence  of  his  ancestor,  the  gallant  Admiral),  Sir 
Henry  Tichbourne,  Bart.,  and  Lord  Ashburton,  which 
last,  called  the  Grange,  is  a  beautiful  copy  of  the  Par- 
45 


thenon  at  Athens.  The  market  is  on  Thursday ;  and 
fairs  are  held  on  Holy-Thursday,  the  last  Thursdays  in 
July  and  Nov.,  and  the  Thursday  next  after  Old  Mi- 
chaelmas-day, almost  exclusively  for  sheep. 

Alresford  was  incorporated  at  a  very  early  period,  and 
returned  one  representative  to  parliament  in  the  23rd 
of  Edward  I.  The  corporation  consists  of  a  bailiff,  ap- 
pointed by  the  Bishop  of  Winchester  (as  lord  of  the 
manor),  and  eight  burgesses,  who,  by  virtue  of  a  lease 
from  the  bishop,  receive  the  tolls  of  the  market,  but 
exercise  no  magisterial  authority.  A  court  leet  is  held 
at-  Michaelmas,  when  the  bailiff  is  chosen  j  and  the 
county  magistrates  hold  a  petty-session  weekly,  for  the 
division  of  Alton.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  annexed, 
with  that  of  Medsted,  to  the  rectory  of  Old  Alresford  : 
the  glebe  comprises  18  acres.  There  are  places  of  wor- 
ship for  Independents  and  Roman  Catholics.  H.  Perrin, 
Esq.,  in  1698,  founded  a  school  for  nineteen  boys,  sons 
of  poor  tradesmen  in  the  town,  and  the  neighbouring 
villages  of  Old  Alresford,  Sutton,  and  Tichbourne  j  it  is 
endowed  with  a  good  house  for  the  master,  and  fifty- 
two  acres  of  land,  now  let  for  £100  per  annum.  A 
school  in  connexion  with  the  National  Society  has  also 
been  established.  The  poor  law  union,  of  which  this 
town  is  the  head,  comprises  18  parishes  and  places,  and 
contains  a  population  of  7092.  At  Bramdean,  about 
three  miles  distant,  a  tessellated  pavement  was  dis- 
covered about  ten  years  ago,  one  part  of  which  repre- 
sents the  wrestling  match  between  Hercules  and 
Antaeus. 

ALRESFORD,  OLD  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  ALRESFORD,  hundred  of  FAWLEY,  Winchester 
and  N.  divisions  of  the  county  of  SOUTHAMPTON,  ^  of 
a  mile  (N.)  from  New  Alresford ;  containing  502  in- 
habitants. This  parish,  which  is  divided  from  that  of 
New  Alresford,  by  the  river  Itchen,  comprises  about 
2000  acres  ;  the  surface  is  hilly,  and  the  soil  light  and 
chalky,  but  tolerably  good.  The  hamlet  of  Hamsworth 
is  included  in  the  measurement  of  this  parish,  but  is 
rated  with  that  of  Medsted.  The  living  is  a  rectory, 
with  those  of  New  Alresford  and  Medsted  annexed, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £49-  12.  8|. ;  the  glebe 
comprises  40  acres  ;  patron,  the  Bishop  of  Winchester. 
Schools  are  supported  by  subscription. 

ALREWAS  (ALL  SAINTS),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
LICHFIELD,  N.  division  of  the  hundred  of  OFFLOW 
and  of  the  county  of  STAFFORD,  5|  miles  (N.  E.  by  N.) 
from  Lichfield  ;  containing,  with  the  hamlets  of  Fradley 
and  Orgreave  1658  inhabitants,  of  whom  1173  are  in 
the  township  of  Alrewas.  This  parish  is  bounded  by 
the  Trent  on  the  north,  and  by  the  Tame  on  the  east, 
and  contains  4329a.  31p. ;  it  is  intersected  by  the  Trent 
and  Mersey,  and  the  Coventry  canals  ;  and  there  is  a 
station  of  the  Birmingham  and  Derby  railroad  1^  mile 
from  the  village.  A  manufactory  of  worsted  yarn  em- 
ploys about  ninety  hands.  Courts  leet  and  baron  for 
the  manor  are  held  twice  a  year :  the  custom  of 
Borough  English  prevails.  The  living  is  a  discharged 
vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £5.  6.  8. ;  patron 
and  impropriator,  Prebendary  of  Alrewas  and  Weeford, 
in  the  Cathedral  of  Lichfield.  The  prebendal  tithes 
have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £439.  15., 
and  the  vicarial  for  £250  ;  there  is  glebe-land  and  land 
allotted  in  lieu  of  tithes  upon  the  common  ;  the  pre- 
bendary has  102a.  25p.,  and  the  vicar  Bfa.  2r.  10p,, 


ALST 


A  L  S  T 


with  a  glebe-house.  The  church  is  chiefly  in  the  Nor- 
man style,  and  contains  monuments  to  several  of  the 
family  of  Turton,  a  member  of  which  was  chief  justice 
of  the  king's  bench,  in  the  time  of  William  III.  There 
are  places  of  worship  for  Wesleyans  and  Ranters  5  and  a 
national  school.  Viscount  Anson  was  baron  of  Or- 
greave,  in  the  parish,  where  he  had  an  estate,  which  still 
remains  in  the  possession  of  the  family.  The  Roman 
Ikeneld- street  intersects  the  parish. 

ALREWAS-HAYES,  an  extra-parochial  liberty, 
locally  in  the  parish  of  ALREWAS,  N.  division  of  the 
hundred  of  OFFLOW  and  of  the  county  of  STAFFORD, 
5|  miles  (N.  N.  E.)  from  Lichfield  ;  containing  92  in- 
habitants, and  comprising  1200  acres. 

ALSAGER,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish  of  BARTHOM- 
LEY,  union  of  CONGLETON,  hundred  of  NANTWICH,  S. 
division  of  the  county  of  CHESTER,  4  miles  (W.)  from 
Church  Lawton  ;  containing  445  inhabitants.  This  place 
is  situated  on  the  road  from  Barthomley  to  Lawton,  and 
comprises  20/6  acres.  The  living  is  a  donative,  in  the 
patronage  of  the  ladies  of  the  manor  ;  the  income  is 
£105,  arising  from  63  acres  of  land.  A  rent-charge  of 
£240  has  been  awarded  as  a  commutation  in  lieu  of  the 
tithes.  The  chapel  is  a  handsome  edifice  consecrated  in 
1790,  and  contains  a  monument  to  the  memory  of  Col. 
Tryon,  who  was  engaged  in  the  Peninsular  war.  There  is 
a  place  of  worship  for  Wesleyans ;  also  a  small  school 
founded  and  endowed,  in  1789,  by  Mary,  Judith,  and 
Margaret  Alsager,  owners  of  the  manor,  who  likewise 
built  and  endowed  the  chapel. 

ALSOP-LE-DALE,  with  EATON,  a  chapelry,  in  the 
parish  of  ASHBOURN,  hundred  of  WIRKSWORTH,  S. 
division  of  the  county  of  DERBY,  5^  miles  (N.  by  W.) 
from  Ashbourn  j  containing  67  inhabitants.  The  living 
is  a  perpetual  curacy,  in  the  patronage  of  the  inhabit- 
ant freeholders ;  net  income,  £49  ;  appropriator,  Dean  of 
Lincoln.  The  chapel,  dedicated  to  St.  Michael,  is  of 
Norman  architecture,  with  many  modern  alterations. 

ALSTON,  or  ALSTON-MOOR  (ST.  AUGUSTINE),  a 
market-town  and  parish,  forming  a  union  of  itself,  in 
LEATH  ward,  E.  division  of  CUMBERLAND,  29  miles 
(E.  S.  E.)  from  Carlisle,  and  287  (N.  N.W.)  from  Lon- 
don ;  comprising  the  township  of  Alston,  and  the 
chapelry  of  Garrigill,  the  former  containing  4588,  and 
the  latter  1474,  inhabitants.  Mining  in  this  district  is 
of  some  antiquity,  several  charters  having  been  granted 
to  the  miners  of  "  Alderston  "  in  the  13th  century:  in 
1282  the  manor  was  granted  by  Edward  I.  to  Nicholas 
de  Veteripont,  and  in  1333  Edward  III.  confirmed  to 
his  son,  Robert  de  Veteripont,  and  to  the  monetarii,  or 
coiners,  many  important  privileges  :  in  the  reign  of 
Henry  V.  the  manor  and  mines  were  let  to  William 
Stapleton ;  and,  subsequently,  Alston  became  the  pro- 
perty of  the  Hyltons  of  Hylton  Castle,  in  the  county  of 
Durham,  and  lastly  of  the  Radcliffe  family,  with  whom 
it  continued  until  the  attainder  of  the  last  Earl  of  Der- 
wentwater,  in  1716,  when  it  was  granted  by  the  crown 
to  the  Governors  of  Greenwich  Hospital,  The  parish 
comprises  by  computation  about  40,000  acres,  and  in- 
cludes two  considerable  villages,  Garrigill  and  Nent 
Head,  the  latter  on  the  eastern  border  of  the  parish  ; 
each  4  miles  from  Alston,  and  each,  containing  about 
500  persons.  The  town  of  Alston,  consisting  of  1650 
inhabitants,  is  situated  on  the  declivity  and  base  of 
Middlefell  hill,  in  a  narrow  valley,  near  the  confluence  of 
46 


the  rivers  Nent  and  South  Tyne,  over  each  of  which  is 
a  neat  stone  bridge.  The  houses,  which  are  irregularly 
and  rather  meanly  built,  are  chiefly  of  stone,  roofed  with 
slate,  and  the  streets  are  inconveniently  steep  ;  the 
inhabitants  are  supplied  with  water  conveyed  by  pipes 
from  an  excellent  spring,  about  half  a  mile  distant,  into 
four  punts,  or  cisterns,  conveniently  placed  in  different 
parts  of  the  town.  A  subscription  library  was  estab- 
lished in  1821,  in  commemoration  of  the  coronation  of 
George  IV. ;  and  races  are  held  on  Easter  Monday  and 
Tuesday.  An  excellent  new  line  of  road  has  been  made, 
under  the  superintendence  of  Mr.  M'Adam,  from  Hex- 
ham  to  Penrith,  through  Alston,  which  is  shorter  by 
several  miles  than  the  old  road  by  way  of  Carlisle. 
Several  of  the  contiguous  eminences  command  beautiful 
views  of  the  surrounding  country,  particularly  Hartside, 
which  embraces  the  counties  of  Cumberland  and  West- 
morland, including  the  lake  of  Ullswater,  and  the 
mountains  of  the  lake  district,  Solway  Firth,  and  the 
adjacent  Scottish  shore. 

The  immediate  vicinity,  which  is  inclosed  on  the  west 
by  the  mountains  Cross  Fell  and  Hartside,  and  on  all 
sides  by  high  lands,  is  equally  remarkable  for  the  ste- 
rility of  the  soil  and  the  abundance  of  its  MINERAL 
wealth.  The  lead-mines,  in  which  the  inhabitants  are 
chiefly  employed,  and  of  which  there  are  no  fewer  than, 
thirty-eight  in  the  parish,  are  very  extensive  and  pro- 
ductive :  the  ore  contains  a  proportion  of  silver,  averag- 
ing from  eight  to  ten  ounces  per  ton  ;  and  one  of  the 
mines  opened  at  Yadmoss  in  1828,  has  produced  ore 
containing  ninety-six  ounces  of  silver  in  each  ton. 
Copper  has  also  been  found  in  the  same  vein  with  the 
lead,  and  in  many  instances  the  same  mine  has  been 
worked  for  copper-ore  of  excellent  quality,  and  lead-ore 
rich  in  silver.  The  grand  aqueduct  level,  called  "Nent 
Force,"  was  cut  by  the  trustees  of  Greenwich  Hospital : 
this  subterraneous  canal  is  five  miles  in  length,  from 
its  mouth,  near  the  town,  to  the  shaft  of  the  mine,  and 
boats  and  guides  were  once  kept  in  readiness  to  con- 
duct those  who  might  wish  to  explore  it.  In  the  mines 
are  several  extensive  caverns,  splendidly  decorated  with 
fluor-spar,  shot  into  crystals  of  every  form  and  hue  j 
and,  where  the  yellow  copper-ore  and  pyrites  are  inter- 
mingled, nothing  can  exceed  the  brilliancy  with  which 
the  prismatic  colours  are  reflected.  Of  these,  Tutman's 
Hole  has  been  explored  to  the  distance  of  a  mile  from 
the  entrance  ;  and  in  that  at  Dun  Fell,  on  the  side  of 
Alston-Moor,  the  chambers  and  windings  are  so  intri- 
cate, that  visiters  have  been  glad  to  avail  themselves  of 
some  clue  to  their  return.  Among  other  minerals  found 
here  are,  pyrites  of  iron,  containing  small  particles  of 
gold,  tessellated  ore,  zinc,  phosphate  and  sulphate  of 
lead,  cobalt,  &c.  The  crow  coal,  found  on  the  moor, 
at  a  small  depth  below  the  surface,  contains  pyrites 
in  large  proportion ;  it  burns  with  little  flame,  but 
emits  an  intense  heat,  and,  mixed  with  clay,  is  made 
into  balls  for  fuel.  There  are  two  large  smelting-fur- 
naces,  and  several  machines,  worked  by  water,  for 
crushing  and  washing  the  ore.  The  principal  manufac- 
ture is  that  of  woollen  yarn,  carried  on  in  an  exten- 
sive mill  recently  built  ;  and  there  is  also  a  public 
brewery  on  a  large  scale.  The  market  is  on  Satur- 
day ;  fairs  take  place  on  the  last  Thursday  in  May, 
Friday  before  the  last  day  of  Sept.,  and  the  first  Thurs- 
day in  Nov.  At  Nent  Head,  a  customary  market  is 


A  LST 


ALTH 


also  held  every  Thursday.  Two  of  the  county  magis- 
trates hold  a  petty-session  at  the  Swan  inn,  on  the  first 
Friday  in  every  month  ;  and  courts  leet  and  baron 
occur  in  the  months  next  after  Easter  and  Michaelmas. 
The  LIVING  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  valued  in  the 
king's  books  at  £7.  13.;  net  income,  £180;  patrons 
and  impropriators,  Governors  of  Greenwich  Hospital. 
The  tithes,  with  certain  exceptions,  were  committed  for 
an  allotment  of  land,  under  an  inclosure  act,  in  1803. 
The  church,  rebuilt  in  1770,  is  a  neat  edifice  with  a 
tower.  A  chapel  of  ease  is  situated  at  Garrigill,  a  plain 
and  unadorned  building  erected  by  subscription  about 
1780  ;  and  there  are  places  of  worship  for  the  Society 
of  Friends,  Independents,  and  Primitive  and  Wesleyan 
Methodists.  The  grammar  school  was -rebuilt  by  sub- 
scription, in  1828,  and  is  endowed  with  £29.  8.  6.  per 
annum  :  no  scholars  are  gratuitously  instructed,  but 
the  master,  in  consideration  of  the  endowment,  is 
limited  to  a  certain  scale  of  charges  for  boys  attending 
it.  There  are  also  various  other  schools  in  different 
parts  of  the  parish,  some  of  which  have  small  endow- 
ments. The  Roman  road  called  the  Maiden-way  crosses 
the  western  part  of  the  parish,  where  it  may  be  dis- 
tinctly traced ;  and  on  Hall  hill,  a  little  below  the 
bridge  over  the  Tyne,  are  the  foundations  of  an  ancient 
fortress,  surrounded  by  a  moat.  On  Gildersdale  fell  is 
a  stagnant  pool,  covered  with  mud  several  inches  thick, 
which  is  used  by  the  neighbouring  people  as  paint ;  it 
produces  colours  resembling  yellow  ochre  and  Spanish 
brown,  but  has  not  been  analyzed. 

ALSTON,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish  of  Ashburton, 
union  of  NEWTON  ABBOT,  hundred  of  TEIGNBRIDGE, 
Teignbridge  and  S.  divisions  of  DEVON,  1\  miles  (N.  E. 
by  E.)  from  Ashburton.  It  comprises  1010  acres  by 
computation ;  the  surface  is  hilly,  and  the  sub-soil 
consists  of  limestone,  clay,  and  sharp  gravel.  The 
chief  produce  arises  from  corn  land  and  orchards,  the 
cultivators  of  which  are  in  general  independent  free- 
holders. 

ALSTON,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  RIBCHES- 
TER,  union  of  PRESTON,  hundred  of  AMOUNDERNESS, 
N.  division  of  the  county  of  LANCASTER,  6^  miles 
(N.  E.)  from  Preston  ;  containing  807  inhabitants.  The 
tithes  have  been  commuted  for  rent-charges  amounting 
to  £170,  of  which  £150  are  payable  to  the  Bishop  of 
Chester,  and  £20  to  the  vicar.  There  is  a  place  of  wor- 
ship for  Roman  Catholics. 

ALSTONE,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  and  hundred  of 
CHELTENHAM,  union  of  WINCHCOMB,  E.  division  of 
the  county  of  GLOUCESTER,  f  of  a  mile  (N.  W.  by  W.) 
from  Cheltenham.  This  place  is  situated  on  the  river 
Chelt,  over  which  is  a  viaduct  for  the  Birmingham  and 
Gloucester  railway,  which  proceeds  hence  to  the  parish 
of  Swinton.  A  church  was  consecrated  in  1840,  and 
is  a  handsome  and  spacious  structure,  containing  2085 
sittings,  480  of  which  are  free.  Here  is  a  chalybeate 
saline  spa,  for  an  account  of  which  see  CHELTENHAM. 

ALSTONE,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish  of  OVERBURY, 
Middle  division  of  the  hundred  of  OSWALDSLOW,  Per- 
shore  and  E.  divisions  of  the  county  of  WORCESTER, 
6^  miles  (E.  by  S.)  from  Tewkesbury ;  containing  89 
inhabitants.  It  forms  part  of  a  detached  portion  of  the 
parish,  surrounded  on  all  sides,  except  the  north-west 
by  the  county  of  Gloucester.  The  chapel  is  dedicated  to 
St.  Margaret. 
47 


ALSTONFIELD  (Sr.  PETER),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  LEEK,  hundred  of  NORTH  TOTMONSLOW,  N.  division 
of  the  county  of  STAFFORD,  7  miles  (N.  N.  W.)  from 
Ashbourn ;  comprising  the  chapelries  of  Elkstone, 
Warslow,  Longnor,  and  Quarnford,  and  the  townships 
of  Alstonfield,  Fairfieldhead,  Heathy-Lee,  and  Hollins- 
clough  ;  and  containing  4701  inhabitants,  of  whom  654 
are  in  the  township  of  Alstonfield.  This  parish,  which 
is  fifteen  miles  in  length,  is  situated  at  the  northern 
extremity  of  the  county,  and  is  bounded  on  the  west  by 
Cheshire,  and  on  the  east  by  Derbyshire,  from  which  it 
is  separated  by  the  river  Dove  :  the  township  comprises 
2862  acres.  The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  valued 
in  the  king's  books  at  £8.  11.  4.;  net  income,  £112; 
patron  and  impropriator,  Sir  George  Crewe,  Bart.  The 
church  is  in  the  early  English  style,  with  an  embattled 
tower  crowned  with  pinnacles ;  the  nave  is  separated 
from  the  aisles  by  a  series  of  finely  pointed  arches  ;  the 
pulpit  and  reading-desk  were  the  gift  of  the  poet  Cotton, 
who  resided  at  Beresford  Hall.  There  are  six  chapels 
exclusively  of  the  parish  church,  those  in  Heathy  Lee 
and  Hollinsclough  having  been  lately  built,  principally 
at  the  expense  of  Sir  G.  Crewe.  A  small  free  school 
was  founded  in  1726,  by  German  Pole,  who  bequeathed 
£60  for  its  endowment. 

ALTCAR  (Sr.  MICHAEL),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
ORMSKIRK,  hundred  of  WEST  DERBY,  S.  division  of 
the  county  of  LANCASTER,  6  miles  (W.  by  S.)  from 
Ormskirk  ;  containing  490  inhabitants.  It  consists  of 
about  3300  acres  ;  the  surface  is  in  general  flat,  and  the 
soil  light,  and  in  some  parts  mossy  ;  a  considerable  por- 
tion is  laid  out  in  meadows,  from  which  a  large  quantity 
of  hay,  of  somewhat  inferior  quality,  is  produced.  The 
lands  are  subject  to  floods  in  the  winter,  which  are 
carried  off  by  the  small  river  Alt.  The  living  is  a  per- 
petual curacy ;  net  income,  £95  ;  patron  and  impropri- 
ator, Earl  of  Sefton. 

ALTERNON  (ST.  NUNN),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
LAUNCESTON,  hundred  of  LESNEWTH,  E.  division  of 
CORNWALL,  7§  miles  (W.  S.  W.)  from  Launceston ;  con- 
taining 1334  inhabitants.  Fairs  are  held  at  Five-Lanes, 
in  the  parish,  on  the  Monday  after  June  24th,  and  the 
first  Tuesday  in  November.  The  living  is  a  vicarage, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £18.  5. ;  net  income, 
£320 ;  patrons  and  appropriators,  Dean  and  Chapter  of 
Exeter.  There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Wesleyans  ; 
also  a  school  supported  by  subscription. 

ALTHAM,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish  of  WHALLEY, 
union  of  BURNLEY,  Higher  division  of  the  hundred  of 
BLACKBURN,  N.  division  of  the  county  of  LANCASTER, 
5  miles  (W.)  from  Burnley ;  containing  349  inhabitants. 
Coal  is  obtained  in  the  vicinity.  The  living  is  a  perpe* 
tual  curacy;  net  income,  £117  ;  patron,  R.  T.  W.  Wal- 
ton, Esq.  The  chapel  is  dedicated  to  St.  James. 

ALTHORNE  (ST.  ANDREW),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  MALDON,  hundred  of  DENGIE,  S.  division  of  ESSEX, 
4  miles  (N.  W.)  from  Burnham  ;  containing  418  inhabit- 
ants. It  is  situated  on  the  estuary  of  the  river  Crouch, 
from  the  overflowing  of  which  the  lowlands  are  pro- 
tected by  very  strong  embankments,  nine  feet  high, 
constructed  by  labourers  from  Holland,  whose  descend- 
ants are  still  resident  here.  The  living  is  a  vicarage, 
united  to  the  rectory  of  Creeksea  in  1811,  and  valued  in 
the  king's  books  at  £14  ;  impropriator,  Thomas  Wilson, 
Esq.  The  great  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent- 


ALTO 


ALTO 


charge  of  £454.  5.  6.,  the  small  tithes  for  a  rent-charge 
of  £155.  15. ;  and  there  are  more  than  six  acres  of 
glebe.  The  church  is  a  small  edifice,  containing,  in  the 
aisles,  two  brass  plates,  with  inscriptions  in  the  old 
English  character,  one  to  the  memory  of  Margaret 
Hycklot,  the  other  to  William  Hycklot,  "  who  paid  for 
the  workmanship  of  the  walls  of  this  church,"  and  died 
in  1508. 

ALTHORP  (Sr.  OSWALD),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
THORNE,  W.  division  of  the  wapentake  of  MANLEY, 
parts  of  LINDSEY,  county  of  LINCOLN,  11  miles  (W.  by 
N.)  from  Glandford-Bridge ;  containing,  with  the  town- 
ships of  Amcotts  and  Keadby,  1184  inhabitants.  The 
living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £25, 
and  in  the  patronage  of  the  Crown  ;  net  income,  £400. 
The -tithes  of  the  township  of  Althorp  have  been  com- 
muted for  corn-rents  under  an  act  obtained  in  1794. 
There  is  a  chapel  of  ease  at  Amcotts. 

ALTHORPE,  an  extra-parochial  liberty,  in  the  hun- 
dred of  NEWBOTTLE-GROVE,  county  of  NORTHAMPTON  j 
containing  55  inhabitants. — See  BRINGTON. 

ALTOFTS,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  NORMAN- 
TON,  Lower  division  of  the  wapentake  of  AGBRIGG,  W. 
riding  of  YORK,  3^  miles  (N.  E.  by  E.)  from  Wakefield  ; 
containing  704  inhabitants.  This  place  is  situated  on 
the  south  side  of  the  river  Calder,  across  which  is  a 
horse-ferry,  and  near  the  junction  of  the  York  and 
North-Midland  railways.  There  is  an  aqueduct  of  ele- 
gant design  for  the  Aire  and  Calder  canal.  The  ancient 
hall  of  Altofts  is  said  to  have  been  the  residence  of 
Admiral  Frobisher,  by  whom  it  was  built.  Stone  of 
good  quality  is  quarried,  and  many  fossils  are  found. 
The  impropriate  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent- 
charge  of  £344,  payable  to  Trinity  College,  Cambridge, 
and  the  vicarial  for  one  of  £69.  10.  Here  is  a  school, 
endowed  with  £20  per  annum  by  Mrs.  Susannah  Dods- 
worth,  for  which  15  girls  are  clothed  and  instructed. 

ALTON  (ST.  LAWRENCE),  a  market-town  and  pa- 
rish, and  the  head  of  a  union,  in  the  hundred  of  ALTON, 
Alton  and  N.  divisions  of  the  county  of  SOUTHAMPTON, 
17  miles  (E.  N.  E.)  from  Winchester,  and  47  (S.  W.  by 
W.)  from  London;  containing  3139  inhabitants.  The 
name  of  this  town,  which  is  a  slight  modification  of 
Auleton  or  Aultone,  is  descriptive  of  its  great  antiquity. 
It  was  a  royal  demesne  in  the  time  of  Alfred  the  Great, 
and  is  noticed  in  the  Saxon  Chronicle  as  the  scene  of  a 
sanguinary  battle  which  was  fought  between  the  Saxons 
and  the  piratical  Danes,  who,  having  landed  on  this 
part  of  the  coast  in  1001,  plundered  and  laid  waste  the 
country  till  they  reached  this  place,  at  that  time  called 
"  Aethelinga-dene,"  where  the  men  of  Hampshire  had 
assembled  in  order  to  oppose  their  further  progress,  but 
notwithstanding  great  numbers  of  the  invaders  were 
slain,  they  remained  in  possession  of  the  field  of  battle, 
whence  they  afterwards  marched  northward.  At  the 
time  of  the  Norman  survey  the  town  belonged  to  the 
abbot  of  St.  Peter's,  Winchester  ;  and  in  the  reign  of 
Edward  I.  it  returned  one  member  to  parliament. 
During  the  civil  war  of  the  seventeenth  century,  the 
place  was  occupied  by  a  detachment  of  the  royal  army, 
under  the  command  of  Sir  Ralph  Hopton ;  but,  in  1 643, 
it  was  taken  by  the  parliamentarian  forces  under  Sir 
William  Waller,  after  an  engagement  in  which  Col. 
Bowles  was  killed  at  the  church  door,  and  his  regiment 
taken  prisoners. 
48 


The  TOWN  is  situated  at  the  source  of  the  river  Wey, 
and  consists  of  three  principal  streets,  which  are  lighted 
under  an  act  obtained  for  that  purpose  ;  the  houses  are 
in  general  neatly  built,  and  of  pleasing  and  cheerful 
appearance.  A  public  library,  on  a  plan  calculated  to 
meet  the  wants  of  the  working  mechanics,  was  esta- 
blished in  1S37  ;  it  is  in  a  state  of  prosperous  advance- 
ment, and  lectures  are  occasionally  given  to  the  mem- 
bers. The  environs  are  beautifully  picturesque,  and  the 
adjacent  district  richly  fertile  ;  the  lands  are  watered  by 
a  fine  stream,  which  crosses  the  town  under  the  streets 
and  houses  ;  and  in  the  surrounding  scenery  the  church 
occupies  a  commanding  site,  and  forms  a  conspicuous 
and  interesting  feature.  The  parish  comprises  by  mea- 
surement 3896  acres  ;  the  surface  is  generally  hilly,  and 
the  soil  consists  principally  of  chalk  and  gravel.  The 
manufacture  of  bombazines  was  formerly  carried  on  to 
a  very  considerable  extent,  but  is  now  totally  discon- 
tinued ;  a  great  quantity  of  hop  bagging  is  made,  and 
there  is  a  large  paper  manufactory,  which  is  set  in 
motion  by  the  Wey,  at  no  great  distance  from  its 
source.  There  are  also  two  large  breweries  in  the  town, 
and  in  the  vicinity  are  about  200  acres  of  ground  laid 
out  in  the  cultivation  of  hops,  the  malt  and  the  ale  of 
Alton  being  in  high  repute.  The  market,  formerly  held 
on  Saturday,  but  since  1840  altered  to  Tuesday  in  every 
alternate  week,  is  chiefly  for  cattle  and  sheep,  and  from 
the  great  agricultural  resources  of  the  neighbourhood  is 
rapidly  increasing  :  fairs  for  horses  and  cattle  take  place 
annually  on  the  last  Saturday  in  April,  and  Sept.  29th, 
the  former  for  the  manor  of  Alton  Westbrook,  and  the 
latter  for  that  of  Alton  Eastbrook.  The  county  magis- 
trates hold  petty-sessions  here  for  the  division  ;  and  a 
court  leet  is  held  once  a  month  by  the  steward  of  the 
manor,  at  which  debts  under  40*.  are  recoverable.  The 
town-hall,  situated  in  the  market-place,  was  rebuilt  by 
subscription  in  1812,  and  was  principally  used  for  the 
national  school ;  but  since  the  establishment  of  the  new 
market,  and  of  an  agricultural  society,  it  has,  together 
with  the  market-place,  been  taken  on  lease  by  the  inha- 
bitants for  the  use  of  the  market,  and  the  school  has 
been  removed. 

The  LIVING  is  a  vicarage,  with  those  of  Binstead, 
Holybourne,  and  Kingsley  annexed,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £15;  patrons  and  appropriators,  Dean  and 
Chapter  of  Winchester,  whose  tithes  have  been  com- 
muted for  a  rent-charge  of  £770,  and  the  vicarial  for 
£496.  The  church  is  a  spacious  structure,  principally 
in  the  later  style  of  English  architecture,  with  some 
portions  of  earlier  date ;  it  has  a  square  embattled 
tower  surmounted  by  a  spire,  and  has  been  enlarged  by 
the  addition  of  a  north  aisle  ;  on  its  northern  wall  is  a 
curious  painting  of  our  Saviour's  life.  There  are  places 
of  worship  for  the  Society  of  Friends,  and  for  Inde- 
pendents. The  free  grammar  school  at  Anstey,  in  the 
parish,  was  founded  in  the  reign  of  Charles  I.,  by  John 
Eggar,  and  has  an  endowment  of  £74.  10.  per  annum  ; 
and  there  is  also  a  national  school.  The  poor  law  union 
of  Alton  comprises  19  parishes  or  places,  and  contains  a 
population  of  11,299-  Roman  urns,  coins,  and  other 
antiquities  have  been  found  in  the  neighbourhood ;  and 
in  cleaning  the  church,  in  1 8395  a  portrait  of  Henry  VI. 
and  several  bishops  were  discovered.  William  de  Alton, 
a  Dominican  friar,  who  lived  in  the  time  of  Edward  II., 
and  wrote  a  treatise  on  the  universality  of  the  pollution 


ALTR 


A  L  V  A 


of  mankind  by  original  sin  ;  John  Pitts,  an  eminent 
biographer,  author  of  a  work  entitled  "  De  Illustribus 
Angliap.  Scriptoribits  ;"  and  William  Curtis,  an  eminent 
botanist,  author  of  the  "  Flora  Londinensis,"  editor  of  the 
Botanical  Magazine,  and  founder  of  a  botanical  garden 
near  the  Magdalene  Hospital,  and  afterwards  of  a  more 
extensive  establishment  at  Brompton,  were  natives  of 
the  town. 

ALTON,  county  of  STAFFORD. — See  ALVETON. 
ALTON-BARNES,  or  BERNERS  (ST.  MARY),  a 
parish,  in  the  union  of  DEVIZES,  hundred  of  SWAN- 
BOROUGH,  Devizes  and  N.  divisions  of  WILTS,  7  miles 
(E.)  from  Devizes ;  containing  167  inhabitants.  The 
new  road  from  Amesbury  to  Kennet  will  pass  through 
the  parish,  where  it  will  cross  the  Kennet  and  Avon 
canal,  which  flows  a  little  south  of  the  village.  The 
living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£6.  18.  11^.,  and  in  the  gift  of  New  College,  Oxford  : 
the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of 
£449,  and  the  glebe  consists  of  about  50  acres.  A 
school  is  supported  by  the  rector. 

ALTON-PANCRAS  (Sr.  PANCRATWS),  a  parish  and 
liberty,  in  the  union  of  CERNE,  Cerne  division  of  DOR- 
SET, 8^  miles  (N.)  from  Dorchester ;  containing  248  in- 
habitants. The  two  manors,  or  parcels  of  demesne 
land,  called  Alton  Borealis  and  Alton  Australis,  consti- 
tute the  endowment  of  two  prebends  in  the  cathedral  of 
Salisbury.  The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  valued 
in  the  king's  books  at  £9  ;  net  income,  £25  ;  patrons, 
the  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Salisbury  (who  are  also  appro  - 
priators),  on  the  nomination  of  the  Prebendary.  The 
church  is  dedicated  to  St.  Pancratius,  a  nobleman  of 
Phrygia,  who  suffered  martyrdom  under  Diocletian  at 
Rome  in  the  third  century. 

ALTON-PRIORS,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish  of 
OVERTON,  union  of  PEWSEY,  hundred  of  ELSTUB  and 
EVERLEY,  Everley  and  Pewsey,  and  S.  divisions  of 
WILTS,  7  miles  (E.  by  N.)  from  Devizes  ;  containing, 
with  the  tything  of  Stowell,  251  inhabitants.  The  cha- 
pelry is  separated  on  the  north  from  the  principal  por- 
tion of  the  parish  in  which  it  is  situated  by  a  range  of 
hills  that  stretches  across  the  country  in  this  part ;  and 
the  Kennet  and  Avon  canal  passes  at  a  short  distance 
on  the  south.  The  chapel  is  dedicated  to  All  Saints. 

ALTRINCHAM,  a  mar- 
ket-town and  chapelry,  and 
the  head  of  a  union,  in  the 
parish  of  BOWDON,  hun- 
dred of  BUCKLOW,  N.  di- 
vision of  the  county  of 
CHESTER,  7  miles  (N.  by 
E.)  from  Nether  Knutsford, 
and  180  (N.  W.  by  N.)  from 
London  ;  containing  3399 
inhabitants.  The  town  is 
situated  near  BowdonDowns, 
and,  though  small,  contains 


Arms. 


several  respectable  dwelling-houses,  the  salubrity  of  the 
air  rendering  it  a  place  of  general  resort  for  invalids 
from  Manchester  :  it  is  watched  and  lighted  under  the 
general  act  of  the  llth  of  Geo.  IV.,  and  is  characterized 
throughout  by  cleanliness  and  neatness.  The  trade 
principally  consists  in  the  spinning  of  yarn,  the  making 
of  bobbins  for  cotton  and  worsted  spinners,  and  the 
weaving  of  cotton  by  hand-looms,  and  by  machinery 
VOL.  I.— 49 


driven  by  steam,  for  the  manufacturers  at  Manchester 
and  other  adjacent  towns.  The  Duke  of  Bridgewater's 
canal  from  Manchester  to  Runcorn  passes  within  three- 
quarters  of  a  mile  from  the  town,  and  affords  a  facility 
of  conveyance  for  coal.  Early  potatoes  are  cultivated 
here  to  a  great  extent  for  the  Manchester  market.  The 
market-days  are  Tuesday  and  Saturday,  the  latter  for 
butchers'  meat ;  the  fairs,  chiefly  for  the  sale  of  live 
stock,  are  held  on  April  29th,  August  5th,  and  Novem- 
ber 22nd  Altrincham  was  made  a  free  borough  in  the 
reign  of  Edward  I.,  by  charter  of  Hamon  de  Massey, 
lord  of  the  barony  of  Dunham-Massey,  whereby  the 
burgesses  were  empowered  to  have  a  guild-merchant, 
and  to  choose  a  pr&positus,  or  bailiff ;  but  the  only  pri- 
vilege they  now  possess  is  that  of  electing  a  mayor  at  a 
court  leet  held  in  autumn,  when  a  jury  of  burgesses 
present  three  of  their  own  body  to  the  steward,  who 
appoints  one  to  the  office,  which  is  merely  nominal,  and 
the  duty  of  which  extends  only  to  the  opening  of  the 
fairs.  A  steward  is  chosen  by  the  lord  of  the  barony  of 
Dunham-Massey,  and  this  officer  appoints  a  bailiff; 
there  are  also  two  constables,  who  are  chosen  by  the 
leet  jury.  The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy ;  patron, 
Vicar  of  Bowdon  ;  net  income,  £187.  The  tithes  have 
been  commuted  for  rent-charges  amounting  to  £91.  14., 
of  which  £48.  14.  are  payable  to  the  Bishop  of  Chester, 
and  £43  to  the  vicar.  The  chapel,  dedicated  to  St. 
George,  is  a  plain  brick  building,  erected  by  subscription 
in  1799-  There  are  two  places  of  worship  for  Metho- 
dists, and  one  for  Unitarians.  The  Jubilee  school,  built 
in  1810,  has  a  small  endowment,  but  is  chiefly  supported 
by  subscription.  The  poor  law  union  of  Altrincham 
comprises  39  parishes  or  places,  and  contains  a  popula- 
tion of  31,019. 

ALVANLEY,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish  of  FRODS- 
HAM,  union  of  RUNCORN,  Second  division  of  the  hun- 
dred of  EDDISBURY,  S.  division  of  the  county  of 
CHESTER,  3  miles  (S.  S.  W.)  from  Frodsham  ;  contain- 
ing 314  inhabitants.  The  living  is  a  donative;  net 
income,  £47  ;  patron,  Lord  Alvanley.  The  chapel  is 
dedicated  to  St.  Mary.  A  national  school  has  been 
established.  Alvanley  gives  the  title  of  Baron  to  the 
Arden  family. 

ALVASTON,  a  township,  in  the  parish,  union,  and 
hundred  of  NANTWICH,  S.  division  of  the  county  of 
CHESTER,  2^  miles  (N.  E.)  from  Nantwich  ;  containing 
40  inhabitants.  Races  are  held  annually  in  the  town- 
ship. The  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge 
of  £82.  7.  6. 

ALVASTON,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish  of  ST.  MI- 
CHAEL, DERBY,  union  of  SHARDLOW,  hundred  of  MOR- 
LESTON  and  LITCHURCH,  S.  division  of  the  county  of 
DERBY,  3^  miles  (S.  E.  by  E.)  from  Derby  5  containing 
493  inhabitants.  This  place  is  pleasantly  situated  near 
the  river  Derwent,  on  the  London  road,  and  contains 
1354ct.  3r.  34p.  The  Derby  canal  runs  through  the 
parish.  The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy,  in  the  gift  of 
the  parishioners,  with  a  net  income  of  £1 16  :  the  tithes 
were  commuted  for  land,  under  an  inclosure  act,  in  1802; 
the  glebe  consists  of  about  67  acres,  and  portions  of  land 
have  been  purchased  in  Leicestershire  and  Derbyshire 
by  an  allowance  from  Queen  Anne's  Bounty.  There  is 
a  place  of  worship  for  Wesleyans  ;  and  two  schools  are 
aided  by  the  trustees  of  Gilbert's  charity,  which  pro- 
vides also  for  the  renair  of  the  church. 

H 


A  L  V  E 


ALVECHURCH  (ST.  LAWRENCE),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  BROMSGROVE,  forming  a  detached  portion  of 
the  Middle  division  of  the  hundred  of  OSWALDSLOW, 
locally  in  the  Upper  division  of  the  hundred  of  HALF- 
SHIRE,  Northfield  and  E.  divisions  of  the  county  of 
WORCESTER,  \\  miles  (E.  N.  E.)  from  Bromsgrove ; 
containing  1633  inhabitants.  This  was  the  occasional 
residence  of  the  Bishops  of  Worcester,  who  had  a  palace 
here  in  the  reign  of  Henry  II.,  which  after  the  sale  of 
the  manor  by  the  parliament,  in  1648,  was  suffered  to 
fall  to  decay,  and  has  now  entirely  disappeared.  The 
parish  comprises  6599  acres,  and  the  Birmingham  and 
Worcester  canal  runs  through  it.  Fairs  for  cattle  and 
sheep  are  held  on  the  22nd  of  April  and  the  10th  of 
August.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £24.  16.  8. ;  net  income,  £1025  ;  patron,  Bishop 
of  Worcester.  The  church  has  Norman  pillars,  but  the 
chancel  displays  the  early  English  style,  and  the  tower 
is  more  modern.  Here  is  a  charity  with  an  income  of 
£36  per  annum,  appropriated  to  the  education  of  chil- 
dren, and  general  purposes.  An  hospital  for  a  master, 
six  brethren,  and  two  sisters,  was  incorporated  by  Queen 
Elizabeth,  and  is  endowed  with  £33.  6.  8.,  exclusively 
of  keeping  the  tenements  in  repair;  and  there  are  se- 
veral minor  charities.  The  Roman  Ikeneld-street  passes 
through  the  parish,  in  its  course  from  Alcester  towards 
Lichfield.  The  learned  Dr.  Hickes,  author  of  the 
"  Thesaurus  SejJtentrionalium  Linguarum"  was  incum- 
bent of  Alvechurch. 

ALVELEY  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  partly  within  the 
liberty  of  the  borough  of  BRIDGENORTH,  but  chiefly  in 
the  hundred  of  STOTTESDEN,  union  of  BRIDGENORTH, 
S.  division  of  SALOP,  6£  miles  (S.  S.  E.)  from  Bridge- 
north  ;  containing,  with  Nordley  Regis  township,  and 
Romsley  liberty  in  the  borough  of  Bridgenorth,  1062 
inhabitants.  It  comprises  6435  acres,  including  Roms- 
ley, which  contributes  one-third  towards  the  church- 
rate,  but  is  independent  of  the  parish  in  other  respects  : 
the  road  from  Shrewsbury  to  Cheltenham  passes  through 
it,  and  the  river  Severn  is  its  boundary  on  one  side. 
There  are  some  works  for  the  manufacture  of  iron,  and 
several  stone-quarries,  of  which  the  stone  is  used  for 
building,  and  made  into  wheels  for  mills  and  manufac- 
tures. Alveley  was  one  of  the  five  prebends  in  the 
royal  free  chapel  of  the  castle  of  Bridgenorth,  valued, 
in  the  reign  of  Henry  III.,  at  sixty  marks,  and  is  still 
reputed  and  rated  as  such  in  the  Office  of  the  First 
Fruits.  The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy,  lately  en- 
dowed with  £300  by  various  persons,  and  with  £17  per 
annum  by  the  Ecclesiastical  Commissioners ;  net  income 
previously,  £82  ;  patron  and  impropriator,  Col.  Gatacre. 
The  church  is  a  fine  edifice,  a  mixture  of  Norman  and 
English  architecture,  with  middle,  side,  and  transept 
aisles,  and  a  curious  old  painted  window,  supposed  to 
have  been  built  in  the  time  of  the  Tudors.  There  is  a 
private  chapel  attached  to  Coton  Hall  in  the  parish.  A 
free  school  was  endowed  in  16 16,  by  John  Grove,  who 
also  founded  almshouses  for  decayed  labourers. 

ALVERDISCOT  (ALL  SAINTS),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  TORRINGTON,  hundred  of  HARTLAND,  Braun- 
ton  and  N.  divisions  of  DEVON,  4£  miles  (N.  E.)  from 
Torrington;  containing  332  inhabitants.  This  parish, 
which  is  situated  on  the  old  road  from  Torrington  to 
Barnstaple,  comprises  by  computation  2000  acres.  The 
living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
50 


£13.  3.  llj.,  and  in  the  gift  of  William  Lee,  Esq. :  the 
tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £156.  8., 
and  the  glebe  comprises  36  acres.  The  church  contains 
some  elegant  marble  monuments  to  the  families  of 
Hoody  and  Welch,  former  proprietors  of  the  manor :  it 
has  been  recently  repewed  and  beautified,  and  a  small 
vestry-room  has  been  added.  There  is  a  place  of  wor- 
ship for  Wesleyans,  and  a  school  is  supported  by  sub- 
scription. 

ALVERSTOKE  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  comprising 
the  sea-port  town  of  Gosport,  the  watering-place  called 
Anglesey,  and  the  chapelry  of  Forton,  in  the  liberty  of 
ALVERSTOKE  and  GOSPORT,  Fareham  and  S.  divisions 
of  the  county  of  SOUTHAMPTON  ;  and  containing  13,510 
inhabitants.  This  place  is  situated  on  the  shore  of 
Alverstoke  bay.  According  to  an  ancient  chronicle, 
Henry  de  Blois,  Bishop  of  Winchester,  and  brother  of 
King  Stephen,  on  his  return  from  Normandy,  being 
overtaken  by  a  storm  in  the  bay,  between  the  Isle  of 
Wight  and  Alverstoke,  made  a  solemn  vow  to  build  a 
church  on  the  spot  where  he  should  first  land  in  safety ; 
and,  having  landed  at  this  place,  is  said  to  have  erected 
the  parish  church,  in  fulfilment  of  his  vow,  about  the 
year  1130.  The  parish  is  of  considerable  extent:  the 
scenery  is  varied,  and  in  the  western  part  of  the  parish 
are  several  small  rural  villages  which  have  a  pleasing 
aspect,  and  contrast  finely  with  the  more  stately  edifices 
in  other  parts  of  it.  The  village  of  Alverstoke  is  plea- 
santly situated  about  half  a  mile  from  the  bay,  and 
within  a  quarter  of  a  mile  from  the  elegant  new  buildings 
of  Anglesey.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the 
king's  books  at  £21.  6.  0£.,  and  in  the  gift  of  the  Bishop 
of  Winchester :  the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a 
rent-charge  of  £1250,  and  the  glebe  consists  of  45  acres. 
The  church,  which  occupies  a  site  in  the  village  beauti- 
fully secluded  by  trees,  has  undergone  many  changes 
since  its  foundation,  and  is  now  in  a  state  of  renovation, 
which  has  been  effected  with  a  judicious  regard  to  its 
original  character,  under  the  superintendence  of  the  late 
incumbent.  There  are  two  chapels  in  the  parish ;  one 
at  Gosport,  consecrated  in  1696,  and  dedicated  to  the 
Holy  Trinity ;  and  one  at  Forton,  in  honour  of  St. 
John  the  Evangelist,  an  elegant  edifice,  containing  1200 
sittings,  of  which  700  are  free,  completed  at  an  expense 
of  £3775,  by  subscription,  aided  by  a  grant  from  the 
Parliamentary  Commissioners,  and  consecrated  in  April 
1831.  Attached  to  this  chapel,  of  which  the  living  is  a 
perpetual  curacy,  with  a  net  income  of  £114,  in  the 
patronage  of  the  Rector,  is  a  small  plot  of  glebe  ;  and  a 
district  has  been  assigned  to  it,  containing  2300  inha- 
bitants. It  has  an  organ,  which  belonged  to  the  cele- 
brated Handel,  and  was  formerly  in  the  Roman  Catholic 
chapel  at  Winchester,  but  was  purchased,  some  years 
ago,  by  the  Rev.  H.  A.  Veck.  There  are  two  national 
schools,  and  one  for  the  children  of  Roman  Catholics. 

ALVERTHORPE,  a  township,  comprising  the  ec- 
clesiastical districts  of  Alverthorpe  and  Thornes,  in 
the  parish  and  union  of  WAKEFIELD,  Lower  division  of 
the  wapentake  of  AGBRIGG,  W.  riding  of  YORK,  1^  mile 
(W.  N.  W.)  from  Wakefield ;  containing  5930  inhabit- 
ants. This  township,  including  Westgate  Common,  a 
suburb  of  the  borough  of  Wakefield,  comprises  by  com- 
putation 3000  acres,  chiefly  the  property  of  the  Earl  of 
Cardigan,  who  is  lord  of  the  manor  of  Alverthorpe.  The 
land  is  rich  and  fertile,  and  in  good  cultivation ;  the 


A  L  VE 


A  L  V  E 


surface  is  varied,  and  the  prevailing  scenery  pleasingly 
diversified  5  the  substratum  abounds  with  coal  of  good 
quality,  and  several  mines  are  in  operation.  Alverthorpe 
Hall,  the  seat  of  Francis  Maude,  Esq.,  is  a  handsome 
residence,  and  throughout  the  township  are  numerous 
pleasing  villas,  of  which  the  principal  are  Lupset  Hall, 
the  residence  of  Daniel  Gaskell,  Esq.,  and  Homefield 
House,  the  seat  of  Thomas  Foljambe,  Esq.  The  village 
of  Alverthorpe  is  pleasantly  situated  within  a  mile  of 
Wakefield,  and  the  township  includes  also  the  village  of 
Thornes,  and  the  hamlets  of  Fanshaw,  Kirkham  Gate, 
and  Silcoates.  The  population  is  chiefly  employed  in 
the  spinning  of  woollen  and  worsted  yarn,  and  in  the 
manufacture  of  woollen  cloth  and  worsted  stuffs,  for 
which  there  are  several  mills  and  large  factories ;  the 
manufacture  of  rope  and  twine  is  also  carried  on  to  a 
considerable  extent.  The  church,  dedicated  to  St.  Paul, 
was  erected  in  1826,  at  an  expense  of  £8000,  chiefly  by 
grant  of  the  Parliamentary  Commissioners  :  it  is  a  hand- 
some structure,  in  the  early  English  style,  with  a  square 
embattled  tower  crowned  with  pinnacles,  and  contains 
1600  sittings,  of  which  800  are  free.  The  living  is  a 
perpetual  curacy,  at  present  in  the  gift  of  the  Vicar  of 
Wakefield ;  the  income,  previously  £72,  was  augmented 
in  1841  with  £78  per  annum  by  the  Ecclesiastical  Com- 
missioners, and  a  neat  residence  for  the  minister  was 
built  in  1842.  The  small  tithes  were  commuted  for 
land  and  a  money  payment,  under  an  act  of  in  closure, 
in  1793.  A  church  has  been  also  erected  at  Thornes, 
which  is  noticed  in  the  article  under  that  head  ;  and 
there  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Wesleyans.  A  school  for 
girls  is  supported  by  Benjamin  Gaskell,  Esq.,  of  Thornes, 
who  also  contributes  to  the  support  of  an  infant  school, 
and  pays  £5  per  annum  for  the  instruction  of  nine 
children  in  the  national  school.  The  Northern  Congre- 
gational school  at  Silcoates  House  was  instituted  in 
1830,  for  the  board  and  education  of  the  sons  of  minis- 
ters of  the  Independent  denomination  of  dissenters  ;  and 
there  are  three  Sunday  schools  in  connexion  with  the 
Established  Church.  John  Forster,  Esq.,  bequeathed  to 
the  poor  of  the  parish  three  cottages  and  some  land, 
situated  here,  to  which  an  addition  was  made  at  the 
inclosure,  the  whole  producing  £51  per  annum,  which 
is  annually  distributed  at  Christmas. 

ALVERTON,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  KILVING- 
TON,  union  of  NEWARK,  S.  division  of  the  wapentake 
of  NEWARK  and  of  the  county  of  NOTTINGHAM,  7£ 
miles  (S.  by  W.)  from  Newark ;  containing  26  inha- 
bitants. 

ALVESCOTT,  a  parish,  in  the  union  of  WITNEY, 
hundred  of  BAMPTON,  county  of  OXFORD,  6  miles  (S. 
S.  E.)  from  Burford  ;  comprising  202 la.  29/>.,  and  con- 
taining 357  inhabitants.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued 
in  the  king's  books  at  £8.  16.  8.;  net  income,  £371  ; 
patron,  Rev.  Thomas  Neate.  All  the  tithes  were  com- 
muted for  land  and  corn-rents,  under  an  inclosure  act, 
in  1796.  The  church  is  an  ancient  structure,  consisting 
of  a  nave  with  semi-transepts,  a  massive  western  tower, 
and  a  chancel,  which  has  been  rebuilt,  and  contains 
some  mural  monuments.  Goddard  Carter,  Esq.,  in 
1723,  left  a  rent-charge  of  £10,  directing  one-half  to  be 
applied  in  educating  poor  children,  and  the  remainder 
in  apprenticing  them 

ALVESDISTON  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  TISBURY,  hundred  of  CHALK,  Hindon  and  S.  divi- 
51 


sions  of  WILTS,  7f  miles  (E.  by  N.)  from  Shaftesbury  ; 
containing  263  inhabitants.  This  parish  takes  its  name 
from  Aileva,  who  held  lands  here  at  the  time  of  the  Nor- 
man survey  :  it  contains  about  2733  acres.  The  living  is 
a  discharged  vicarage,  with  the  rectory  of  Broad-Chalk 
consolidated,  and  united  to  the  vicarage  of  Bower- 
Chalk  ;  patrons  and  impropriators,  the  Provost  and 
Fellows  of  King's  College,  Cambridge.  The  church  has 
a  font  of  great  antiquity,  and  in  one  of  the  aisles  are 
four  handsome  mural  monuments  of  marble  to  the  me- 
mory of  the  Wyndham  family. 

ALVESTON  (ST.  HELEN),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
THORNBURY,  partly  in  the  Lower,  but  chiefly  in  the 
Upper,  division  of  the  hundred  of  LANGLEY  and  SWINE- 
HEAD,  W.  division  of  the  county  of  GLOUCESTER, 
1  mile  (S.  by  E.)  from  Thornbury ;  containing  841  inha- 
bitants. This  parish,  which  lies  on  the  road  from 
Bristol  to  Birmingham,  comprises  by  computation  2600 
acres,  including  some  waste  lands,  for  the  inclosure  of 
which  an  act  was  passed  in  1836  :  the  land  is  almost 
entirely  pasture,  and  is  thickly  clothed  with  elm,  beech, 
and  oak.  The  scenery  is  grand,  and  the  parish  being 
situated  on  a  high  ridge,  commands  extensive  views  of 
the  Severn  and  surrounding  country.  The  living  is  a 
vicarage,  annexed  to  that  of  Olveston  :  the  tithes  have 
been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £319,  and  the 
glebe  comprises  25  acres.  The  church,  situated  at  some 
distance  from  the  village,  is  a  small  edifice  in  the  later 
English  style,  with  a  low  square  embattled  tower. 
There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Wesleyans,  and  a  na- 
tional school  was  established  in  1 835.  There  are  some 
remains  of  a  Roman  encampment  in  a  part  of  the  parish 
called  the  Abbey. 

ALVESTON  (Sx.  JAMES),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
STRATFORD-ON-AVON,  Snitterfield  division  of  the  hun- 
dred of  BARLICHWAY,  W.  division  of  the  county  of 
WARWICK,  2  miles  (E.  N.  E.)  from  Stratford  ;  contain- 
ing 793  inhabitants.  It  is  situated  on  the  river  Avon, 
and  contains  by  measurement  2700  acres.  The  living 
is  a  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £6 ;  net 
income,  £220  ;  patron,  Rector  of  Hampton-Lucy  ;  im- 
propriator,  George  Lucy,  Esq.  The  glebe  consists  of  90 
acres.  The  church  was  rebuilt  in  1839,  at  an  expense 
of  about  £2300,  chiefly  raised  by  subscription.  A  school 
is  supported. 

ALVETON,  or  ALTON  (ST.  PETER),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  CHEADLE,  S.  division  of  the  hundred  of  TOT- 
MONSLOW,  N.  division  of  the  county  of  STAFFORD,  4^ 
miles  (E.  by  S.)  from  Cheadle  ;  comprising  the  town- 
ships of  Alton,  Cotton,  Denston,  and  Farley,  and  con- 
taining 2390  inhabitants,  of  whom  1168  are  in  Alton 
township.  The  extensive  manor  of  Alton  became  the 
property  of  John  Talbot,  first  Earl  of  Shrewsbury,  by 
his  marriage  with  the  heiress  of  the  Furnival  family,  and 
has  remained  with  his  descendants  to  the  present  time. 
The  living,  before  the  Reformation,  was  connected  with 
the  abbey  of  Croxden,  to  which  the  benefice  was  attached 
by  Bertram  de  Verdon  of  Alton  Castle,  in  1176,  after  he 
founded  the  abbey.  The  ruins  of  the  castle  still  remain, 
and  are  visible  on  the  summit  of  a  rock  300  feet  above 
the  bed  of  the  Churnet :  on  the  opposite  bank  of  the 
river  are  the  magnificent  mansion  and  park  of  the  Earl 
of  Shrewsbury.  The  parish  contains  between  7000  and 
8000  acres  :  there  are  limestone  quarries  in  the  town- 
ship of  Cotton,  and  some  copper-mines  at  Ribden.  The 

H2 


AL  V  I 


A  M  B  E 


Uttoxeter  branch  of  the  Trent  and  Mersey  canal  runs 
through  the  parish,  its  course  being  for  some  miles 
parallel  with  that  of  the  Churnet,  over  which  it  is  car- 
ried by  means  of  an  aqueduct.  The  village  is  romantic- 
ally situated  on  the  banks  of  the  river,  which  here 
flows  through  a  fertile  vale  ;  on  the  summit  of  an  adja- 
cent eminence  is  a  lofty  tower,  commanding  extensive 
and  varied  prospects.  The  living  is  a  discharged  vicar- 
age, valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £5.  16.  5^. ;  net  in- 
come, £151  ;  patron,  Earl  of  Shrewsbury,  to  whom  and 
others  the  impropriation  belongs  :  the  glebe  comprises 
5  acres.  The  church,  which  displays  a  mixture  of  the 
Norman  and  English  styles,  was  repaired  and  enlarged 
in  1831.  There  is  a  chapel  at  Cotton.  The  Calvinistic 
and  Wesleyan  Methodists  have  places  of  worship  ;  and 
a  Roman  Catholic  chapel  and  school  have  been  recently 
erected  at  Alton-Towers  by  the  Earl.  Anthony  Wall, 
in  1721,  founded  and  endowed  a  school  for  twelve  boys, 
of  which  the  endowment  is  £11.  15.  per  annum;  and 
there  are  also  three  other  schools.  At  Bunbury,  in  the 
parish,  are  the  remains  of  a  very  extensive  fortress,  of 
an  irregular  form,  ascribed  to  Ceolred,  King  of  Mercia, 
about  715  :  it  is  defended  on  three  sides  by  a  double 
vallum,  and  on  the  fourth  by  a  steep  declivity. 

ALVINGHAM  (ST.  ADELWOLD),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  LOUTH,  Marsh  division  of  the  hundred  of 
LOUTH-ESKE,  parts  of  LINDSEY,  county  of  LINCOLN,  4 
miles  (N.  E.)  from  Louth  ;  containing  313  inhabitants. 
It  comprises  by  computation  1600  acres,  and  is  inter- 
sected by  the  Louth  navigation.  The  living  is  a  perpe- 
tual curacy,  with  that  of  Cockerington,  St.  Mary,  an- 
nexed, in  the  patronage  of  the  Bishop  of  Lincoln,  who, 
as  appropriator,  owns  about  400  acres  of  land,  allotted 
in  lieu  of  tithes  at  the  inclosure  in  1819,  and  from  the 
produce  of  which  the  incumbent's  stipend  of  £58  per 
annum  is  paid.  The  church  was  rebuilt  in  1826,  and  is 
a  neat  and  commodious  building,  situated  in  the  same 
churchyard  as  that  of  Cockerington,  St.  Mary.  A  na- 
tional school  has  been  just  built.  A  priory  of  Gilbertine 
nuns  and  canons,  dedicated  to  the  Virgin  Mary  and  St. 
Adelwold,  was  founded  here  in  the  reign  of  Henry  II., 
which,  at  the  dissolution,  was  valued  at  £141.  15.  per 
annum. 

ALVINGTON,  a  parish,  in  the  hundred  of  BLEDIS- 
LOE,  W.  division  of  the  county  of  GLOUCESTER,  65 
miles  (N.  E.)  from  Chepstow  ;  containing  340  inhabit- 
ants, and  comprising  by  estimation  1550  acres.  The 
abbot  of  Llantony,  previously  to  the  Reformation,  ex- 
ercised capital  jurisdiction  in  this  manor,  which  subse- 
quently passed  through  various  hands  to  the  Highfords, 
of  Dixton,  from  whose  coheir  it  was  purchased  by  the 
father-in-law  of  the  present  proprietor,  who  resides  at 
Clanna  House,  in  the  parish.  The  road  from  Gloucester 
to  Chepstow  runs  through  Alvington,  and  the  river 
Severn  flows  on  the  east.  The  living  is  consolidated 
with  the  rectory  of  Wollaston. 

ALVINGTON,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  BRIMPTON, 
union  of  YEOVIL,  hundred  of  STONE,  W.  division  of 
SOMERSET  ;  containing  65  inhabitants. 

ALVINGTON,  WEST  (ALL  SAINTS),  a  parish,  in 
the  union  of  KTNGSBRIDGE,  hundred  of  STANBOROUGH, 
Stanborough  and  Coleridge,  and  S.  divisions  of  DEVON, 
1  mile  (W.  S.  W.)  from  Kingsbridgej  containing  998 
inhabitants.  It  comprises  8676  acres ;  the  surface  is 
very  hilly,  and  the  soil  chiefly  arable,  and  a  large  quan- 
62 


tity  of  peculiarly  fine  cider  is  made.  The  living  is  a 
vicarage,  with  the  perpetual  curacies  of  South  Huish, 
Malborough,  and  South  Milton  annexed,  valued  in  the 
king's  books  at  £62.  16.  10^.  ;  net  income,  £685  j 
patrons  and  appropriators,  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Salis- 
bury. The  glebe  comprises  2  acres  here,  and  1^  in 
each  of  the  parishes  of  Malborough  and  South  Milton. 
The  church  contains  some  good  screen- work  iii  carved 
oak,  an  ancient  stone  font,  and  a  beautiful  monument 
to  some  member  of  the  Bastard  family,  whose  ancient 
seat  has  been  converted  into  a  farm-house. 

ALWALTON  (ST.  ANDREW),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  PETERBOROUGH,  hundred  of  NORMANCROSS,  county 
of  HUNTINGDON,  5  miles  (N.  N.  W.)  from  Stilton  ;  con- 
taining 329  inhabitants.  The  parish  is  situated  on  the 
river  Nene,  which  here  separates  the  counties  of  Hunt- 
ingdon and  Northampton,  and  on  the  great  north  road, 
near  its  intersection  with  the  road  from  Lynn  to  North- 
ampton ;  it  comprises  910a.  3r.  38p.,  of  which  the  soil 
is  fertile,  and  the  surface  beautifully  varied.  On  the 
banks  of  the  Nene  are  found  great  blocks  of  grey  fossil 
stone,  susceptible  of  a  very  high  polish.  The  living  is  a 
rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £3.  5.  10.,  and  in 
the  gift  of  the  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Peterborough  :  the 
tithes  were  commuted  for  197  acres  of  land  and  a 
money  payment,  under  an  inclosure  act,  in  1805.  The 
church  exhibits  in  the  body  of  the  building  a  singular 
combination  of  Norman  and  early  English  architecture  : 
it  has  been  new  roofed  in  appropriate  style,  and  the 
chancel  restored  to  its  pristine  elegance  by  the  rector, 
who  has  also  built  a  handsome  parsoaage-house.  There 
is  a  place  of  worship  for  Wesleyans.  Dr.  Timothy  Neve, 
Archdeacon  of  Huntingdon,  was  buried  here  in  1757. 

ALWINGTON  (ST.  ANDREW),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  BIDEFORD,  hundred  of  SHEBBEAR,  Great 
Torrington  and  N.  divisions  of  DEVON,  4  miles  (S.  W. 
by  W.)  from  Bideford;  containing,  with  the  hamlets  of 
Fairy  Cross,  Ford,  and  Woodtown,  392  inhabitants,  and 
comprising  by  measurement  2603  acres.  The  living  is 
a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £17-  4.  9^.,  and 
in  the  gift  of  the  Rev.  I.  T.  Pine  Coffin  :  the  tithes  have 
been  commuted  fora  rent-charge  of  £241,  and  there 
are  60  acres  of  glebe.  In  the  church,  over  the  door  of 
the  chancel,  is  a  curious  ancient  monument  to  a  member 
of  the  Coffin  family.  In  Yeo  Vale,  so  called  from  the 
river  Yeo,  which  runs  through  it,  are  the  remains  of  a 
chapel.  There  is  a  parochial  school ;  also  a  place  of 
worship  for  Wesleyans  ;  and  almshouses  for  three  poor 
persons,  endowed  in  1696  by  R.  Coffin,  Esq. 

ALWOODLEY,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  HARE- 
WOOD,  Upper  division  of  the  wapentake  of  SKYRACK, 
W,  riding  of  YORK,  5|  miles  (N.)  from  Leeds  ;  contain- 
ing 281  inhabitants.  It  comprises  by  computation  1250 
acres,  chiefly  the  property  of  G.  L.  Fox,  Esq. ;  the  an- 
cient hall,  formerly  the  seat  of  Sir  Gervase  Clifton,  who 
died  in  1666,  is  now  a  farm-house.  The  soil  is  fertile, 
and  the  lands  are  generally  in  good  cultivation ;  the 
surface  is  undulated,  and  the  surrounding  scenery  richly 
diversified.  The  township  consists  principally  of  irregu- 
larly built  and  widely  detached  houses. 

AMASTON,  with  ROWTON,  a  township,  in  the  pa- 
rish of  ALBERBURY,  union  of  ATCHAM,  hundred  of 
FORD,  S.  division  of  SALOP. 

AMBERLEY,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish  of  MARDEN, 
hundred  of  BROXASH,  union  and  county  of  HEREFORD, 


A  M  BL 


A  MB  R 


5f  miles  (N.  N.  E.)  from  Hereford ;  containing  32  inha- 
bitants, and  comprising  378  acres. 

AMBERLEY,  a  parish,  in  the  hundred  of  WEST 
EASWIUTH,  rape  of  ARUNDEL,  W.  division  of  SUSSEX, 
5  miles  (N.  N.  E.)  from  Arundel  j  containing,  with 
Rackham  hamlet,  722  inhabitants.  The  bishops  of 
Chichester  had  a  residence  here,  erected  at  the  close  of 
the  fourteenth  century  by  Bishop  Rede,  and  which  is 
said  to  have  been  plundered  and  dismantled  in  the  par- 
liamentary war  by  the  army  under  Waller  :  the  gateway 
is  perfect,  and,  with  other  remains,  has  a  bold  and  strik- 
ing appearance  in  the  views  of  the  surrounding  district. 
The  parish  comprises  by  measurement  2878  acres,  and 
is  bounded  on  the  west  by  the  river  Arun  :  the  village 

*  O 

occupies  an  elevated  situation  on  a  sandstone  rock,  and 
towards  the  south  rises  a  range  of  steep  downs,  above 
which  is  a  large  knoll  called  Amberley  Mount.  The  liv- 
ing is  a  vicarage,  with  that  of  Houghton  united,  valued 
in  the  king's  books  at  £7.  5.  7|. ;  net  income,  £166  ; 
patron  and  appropriator,  Bishop  of  Chichester.  The 
tithes  were  commuted  in  1813  for  117  acres  of  land  in 
this  parish,  and  16  in  that  of  Angmering.  The  church 
has  a  nave  of  Norman,  and  a  chancel  of  early  English, 
architecture,  separated  by  a  Norman  arch  much  en- 
riched. 

AMBERSHAM,  NORTH,  a  tything,  in  the  parish  of 
STEEP,  union  of  MIDHURST,  hundred  of  EAST  MEON, 
Petersfield  and  N.  divisions  of  the  county  of  SOUTHAMP- 
TON, though  locally  in  the  hundred  of  EASEBOURNE, 
rape  of  CHICHESTER,  county  of  SUSSEX,  2^  miles  (E.  N. 
E.)  from  Midhurst ;  containing  133  inhabitants. 

AMBERSHAM,  SOUTH,  a  tything,  in  the  parish 
of  STEEP,  union  of  MIDHURST,  hundred  of  EAST  MEON, 
Petersfield  and  N.  divisions  of  the  county  of  SOUTH- 
AMPTON, though  locally  in  the  hundred  of  EASEBOURNE, 
rape  of  CHICHESTER,  county  of  SUSSEX,  2^  miles  (E.  by 
N.)  from  Midhurst ;  containing  189  inhabitants. 

AMBLE,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  WARKWORTH, 
union  of  ALNWICK,  E.  division  of  COQUETDALE  ward, 
N.  division  of  NORTHUMBERLAND^  9  miles  (S.  E.)  from 
Alnwick  y  containing  724  inhabitants.  The  village  is 
pleasantly  situated  on  an  eminence  near  the  mouth  of 
the  river  Coquet,  where  a  harbour  has  been  formed 
under  an  act  obtained  in  1838,  by  which  the  value  both 
of  the  soil  and  the  minerals  here  has  been  greatly  en- 
hanced. The  place  was  anciently  of  much  greater  im- 
portance, as  is  evident  from  the  discovery  of  circular 
foundations  of  houses,  of  unhewn  and  uncemented  stones 
of  British  origin,  and  of  Roman  coins  :  a  paved  cause- 
way was  also  discovered,  a  few  years  since,  extending  in 
a  direction  towards  the  old  bed  of  the  Coquet.  There 
are  valuable  and  extensive  mines  of  coal  in  the  town- 
ship, the  produce  of  which  is  exported  to  France  and 
other  parts.  Through  the  indefatigable  exertions  of 
Thomas  Browne,  Esq.,  of  Amble  House,  the  Trinity 
Board  have  been  induced  to  build  a  light-house  on 
Coquet  Island,  about  two  miles  from  the  shore,  at  a  cost 
of  £14,000  :  it  is  of  very  great  service,  and  is  kept  by  a 
brother  of  Grace  Darling.  The  tithes  have  been  com- 
muted for  rent-charges,  amounting  to  £211.  8.  4.,  of 
which  £170.  19.  6.  are  payable  to  the  Bishop  of  Carlisle, 
and  £46.  8.  10.  to  the  vicar  of  the  parish.  On  Coquet 
Island  was  a  monastery,  subordinate  to  Tynemouth 
priory,  near  the  ruins  of  which  several  human  bones 
were  found  some  time  since. 
53 


AMBLECOAT,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  OLD 
SWINFORD,  union  of  STOURBRIDGE,  S.  division  of  the 
hundred  of  SEISDON  and  of  the  county  of  STAFFORD> 
\  mile  (N.)  from  Stourbridge  j  containing  1623  inhabit- 
ants. The  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge 
of  £220.  A  school,  in  which  are  about  150  boys  and 
85  girls,  is  supported  by  subscription. 

AMBLESIDE,  a  market-town  and  parochial chapelry, 
partly  in  the  parish  of  WINDERMERE,  but  chiefly  in 
that  of  GRASMERE,  KENDAL  ward  and  union,  county 
of  WESTMORLAND,  25  miles  (W.  S.  W.)  from  Appleby, 
and  274  (N.  W.  by  N.)  from  London ;  containing  1281 
inhabitants.  The  name,  anciently  written  Hamelside,  is 
probably  derived  from  the  Saxon  Hamol,  signifying  a 
sheltered  habitation.  The  town  is  situated  near  the  site 
of  a  Roman  station  of  considerable  extent,  supposed  by 
Horsley  to  have  been  the  Dictis  of  the  Notitia  :-  the 
earth- works  of  the  fortress  remain,  and  various  Roman 
relics  and  foundations  of  buildings  have  been  discovered. 
It  stands  on  the  acclivity  of  a  steep  eminence,  near  the 
northern  extremity  of  the  lake  Windermere,  in  a  district 
pre-eminently  distinguished  for  the  beauty  of  its  scenery, 
and  consists  chiefly  of  one  street,  lighted  with  oil,  but 
not  paved  :  the  houses,  though  detached  and  irregular> 
are  well  built.  Tourists  frequently  make  this  their  head- 
quarters, as  many  delightful  excursions  may  be  taken 
hence,  to  view  the  sublimely  romantic  and  richly  varied 
scenery  of  the  lake  district.  There  are  a  few  manu- 
factories for  linsey-woolsey  ;  and  a  peculiar  kind  of  mar- 
ble, of  a  dusky  green  colour,  veined  with  white,  is  found 
in  the  vicinity.  The  market,,  granted  in  1650  to  the 
celebrated  Countess  of  Pembroke,  is  on  Wednesday  j 
and  fairs  are  held  on  Whit- Wednesday  and  the  13th 
and  29th  of  Oct.,  to  which  a  court  of  pie-poudre  is  at- 
tached :  the  market-house  was  built  about  the  year 
1796,  on  the  site  of  Jhe  former.  The  inhabitants  re- 
ceived a  charter  in  the  reign  of  Charles  II.,  under  the 
authority  of  which  they  elect  a  mayor  annually  on 
Christmas-eve ;  but  he  does  not  possess  magisterial 
authority,  the  town  being  entirely  within  the  jurisdic- 
tion of  the  county  justices,  who  hold  a  petty-session 
monthly.  The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy,  with  a  net 
income  of  £80 ;  it  is  in  the  patronage  of  Lady  Fleming, 
and  the  impropriation  belongs  to  Sir  R.  Fleming,.  Bart. 
A  rent-charge  of  £27,  of  which  £14  are  payable  by 
Ambleside  below  Stock,  and  £13  by  Atnbleside  above 
Stock,  has  been  awarded  to  the  rector  of  Windermere, 
as  a  commutation  in  lieu  of  tithes.  The  chapel,  situ- 
ated in  that  part  of  the  town  which  is  in  the  parish  of 
Grasmere,  was  made  parochial  by  the  Bishop  of  Chester 
in  1675,  and  was  rebuilt  in  1812.  The  free  grammar 
school  was  founded  and  endowed  by  John  Kelsick,  in 
1721  j  the  annual  income  is  about  £127.  At  the  upper 
extremity  of  the  town  is  a  beautiful  waterfall  called 
Stockgill  Force.  Bernard  Gilpin,  surnamed  "The 
Northern  Apostle,"  was  born  at  Kentmere,  and  Judge 
Wilson  at  Troutbeck,  near  the  town. 

AMBROSDEN  (ST.  MJRY),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  BICESTER,  hundred  of  BULLINGTON,  county  of  OX- 
FORD, 2£  miles  (S.  E.  by  S.)  from  Bicester  j  comprising 
the  chapelries  of  Arncott  and  Blackthorn,  and  contain- 
ing 892  inhabitants,  of  whom  181  are  in  the  hamlet  of 
Ambrosden.  This  place  is  supposed  by  Bishop  Kennet, 
who  was  formerly  incumbent  of  the  parish,  to  have 
derived  its  name  from  Ambrosius  Aurelius,  the  cele- 


AM  E  R 

brated  British  chief,  who  encamped  here  during  the 
siege  of  Alchester  by  the  Saxons.  The  living  is  a  dis- 
charged vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £11.  !?•; 
net  income,  £228 ;  patron,  Sir  G.  O.  P.  Turner,  Bart. ; 
appropriator,  Bishop  of  Oxford.  The  tithes  were  com- 
muted for  land,  under  an  inclosure  act,  in  1814.  The 
church  is  stated  to  have  been  built  in  the  latter  part  of 
the  reign  of  Edward  I.,  on  the  site  of  the  original  Saxon, 
or  Norman,  edifice,  the  northern  entrance  to  which  still 
remains ;  it  is  in  the  early  English  style,  with  an  em- 
battled tower,  on  the  east  and  west  fronts  of  which  are 
some  curious  devices  in  plaster,  and  among  the  rest  one 
of  the  paschal  lamb. 

AMCOTTS,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish  of  ALTHORP, 
union  of  THORNE,  W.  division  of  the  wapentake  of 
MANLEY,  parts  of  LINDSEY,  county  of  LINCOLN,  1  if 
miles  (E.  S.  E.)  from  Glandford-Bridge ;  containing  417 
inhabitants.  The  chapel  is  dedicated  to  St.  Thomas  a 
Becket.  The  tithes  were  partially  commuted  for  land, 
under  an  inclosure  act,  in  1779  ;  and  the  impropriate 
tithes  have  been  recently  commuted  for  a  rent-charge 
of  £5.  There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Wesleyans. 

AMERSHAM,  or  AGMONDESHAM  (ST.  MARY),  a 
market-town  and  parish,  and  the  head  of  a  union, 
partly  in  the  hundred  of  BURNHAM,  county  of  BUCK- 
INGHAM, and  partly  in  the  hundred  of  DACORUM,  in  a 
detached  portion  of  the  county  of  HERTFORD,  33  miles 
(S.  E.  by  S.)  from  Buckingham,  and  25f  (W.  N.  W.)  from 
London  ;  containing  3645  inhabitants.  The  town  is 
situated  in  a  pleasant  valley,  through  which  flows  the 
Misburne,  a  stream  falling  into  the  Colne  near  Ux- 
bridge  :  it  is  surrounded  by  wood-crowned  hills,  and 
consists  principally  of  one  street,  well  paved  :  there  is  a 
plentiful  supply  of  water.  In  the  reign  of  Henry  V. 
several  of  the  inhabitants  were  burnt  at  the  stake  for 
professing  the  tenets  of  the  Lollards ;  and  in  that  of 
Mary,  many  of  them  suffered  a  similar  fate  :  a  spot  of 
ground,  occupying  a  circle  of  about  24  feet,  is  pointed 
out  on  the  east  side  of  the  town  as  the  place  on  which 
they  suffered,  and  on  which,  it  was  supposed,  no  vege- 
tation could  be  matured  ;  but,  in  1842,  the  ground  was 
opened  by  means  of  a  subscription  fund,  and  found 
to  contain  nothing  but  flints,  which  served  as  a  sort  of 
drainage,  and  impeded  culture.  A  manufactory  for  silk 
crape  has  been  for  some  time  established,  and  many 
females  are  employed  in  the  making  of  lace  and  straw- 
plat  j  wooden  chairs  are  also  made  for  exportation. 
The  market  is  on  Tuesday  ;  and  fairs  are  held  on  Whit- 
Monday  and  Sept.  19th.  The  town  was  a  borough  by 
prescription,  and  sent  burgesses  to  parliament  from  the 
28th  of  Edward  I.  to  the  2nd  of  Edward  II.,  but  made  no 
subsequent  return  until  the  21st  of  James  I.,  from  which 
time  it  continued  to  send  two  members  till  it  was  dis- 
franchised by  the  act  of  the  2nd  of  William  IV.  cap.  45. 
A  constable  and  other  officers  are  appointed  at  the 
court  leet  of  the  lord  of  the  manor.  The  town-hall, 
situated  in  the  centre  of  the  town,  is  a  handsome  brick 
edifice  resting  on  piazzas,  erected  by  Sir  Wm.  Drake  : 
the  lower  part  is  appropriated  to  the  market ;  the  upper, 
which  is  surmounted  by  a  lantern  turret,  is  used  for 
transacting  public  business. 

The  parish  contains  by  measurement  7855  acres  of 

land,  in  general  hilly,  and  resting  upon  a  sub-soil  of 

chalk,  flint,  and  clay  :  the   hamlet  of  Coleshill,  locally 

in  the  county  of  Hertford,  is  connected  with  it.     The 

54 


AMES 

living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£48.  16.  1|.,  and  in  the  gift  of  Thos.  Tyrwhitt  Drake, 
Esq.  :  the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge 
of  £1500,  and  there  are  about  123  acres  of  glebe.  The 
church  is  a  spacious  edifice  of  brick  coated  with  stucco ; 
the  chancel  and  an  adjoining  mausoleum  contain  several 
interesting  monuments,  exhibiting  some  beautiful  speci- 
mens of  ancient  and  modern  sculpture,  some  of  which 
are  by  the  hand  of  Bacon.  There  are  two  places  of 
worship  for  Baptists,  and  one  for  the  Society  of  Friends. 
The  free  grammar  school  was  instituted  by  Dr.  Robert 
Chaloner,  canon  of  Windsor,  who,  by  his  will  dated 
June  20th,  1620,  endowed  it  with  £20  per  annum,  since 
augmented  to  more  than  £80  ;  and  in  an  apartment 
adjoining  the  grammar  schoolroom  is  a  writing-school, 
established  in  1699,  by  Lord  Cheyne,  and  endowed  with 
a  rent-charge  of  £20,  free  for  the  instruction  in  writ- 
ing and  arithmetic  of  boys  from  the  parishes  of  Amer- 
sham  and  Chesham-Bois,  who  pay  for  learning  to  read. 
An  almshouse  for  six  aged  widows  was  founded  by  Sir 
Wm.  Drake,  Bart.,  and  endowed  by  him  in  1667  :  the 
income,  arising  from  land  and  property  in  the  funds, 
was  augmented  with  a  bequest  of  £300  by  Wm.  Drake, 
jun.,  in  1796,  and  now  amounts  to  about  £150.  A  fund 
of  £87  per  annum,  arising  from  land  and  property  in 
the  three  per  cents.,  is  applied,  under  the  will  of  William 
Tothill,  of  Shardeloes,  in  apprenticing  children,  with 
sums  of  £15  or  £20  each  ;  and  there  are  divers  sums 
for  distribution  among  the  poor.  The  union  of  Amer- 
sham  comprises  9  parishes  or  places  in  the  county  of 
Berks,  and  1  in  that  of  Herts,  and  contains  a  popula- 
tion of  18,207:  the  workhouse  is  a  good  building  in 
the  Elizabethan  style  of  architecture,  erected  at  a  cost 
of  nearly  £7000;  it  stands  on  the  road  leading  to 
Wycombe,  and  will  accommodate  350  paupers. 

AMERTON,  a  township,  in  the  parish  and  union  of 
STOWE,  S.  division  of  the  hundred  of  PIREHILL,  N. 
division  of  STAFFORDSHIRE  ;  containing  120  inhabit- 
ants. 

AMESBURY  (Sx.  MARY  AND  ST.  MELORWS),  a 
town  and  parish,  and  the  head  of  a  union,  in  the  hun- 
dred of  AMESBURY,  S.  division  of  WILTS,  7  miles  (N.) 
from  Salisbury,  and  78  (W.  S.  W.)  from  London  ;  con- 
taining 1171  inhabitants.  This  place  was  anciently 
called  Ambresbury,  and  that  name  is  probably  derived, 
not  from  Aurelius  Ambrosius,  as  hitherto  generally 
supposed,  but  from  the  combined  appellations  of  Stone- 
henge  and  an  ancient  camp,  both  situate  in  the  parish 
and  near  the  town  ;  viz.  Ambres,  holy  or  anointed  stones, 
and  burg,  or  bury,  a  camp  ;  the  holy  stones  near  the 
camp.  A  monastery  for  300  monks  is  stated  to  have 
been  founded  here  by  Ambruis,  a  British  monk,  or, 
more  probably,  by  Ambrosius,  which  was  destroyed  by 
Gurthurm,  or  Gurmundus,  a  Saxon  chief.  After  the 
conversion  of  the  Saxons  to  Christianity,  a  synod  was 
held  at  Amesbury,  in  the  reign  of  King  Edgar,  to  adjust 
the  differences  that  existed  between  the  regular  and  the 
secular  clergy,  which  had  been  previously  discussed  in 
an  assembly  held  at  Calne.  About  980,  Elfrida,  widow 
of  the  same  king,  founded  here  a  nunnery  of  the  Bene- 
dictine order,  which  she  dedicated  to  St.  Mary  and  St. 
Melorius,  a  Cornish  saint,  in  expiation,  it  is  supposed, 
of  the  murder  of  Edward,  her  step-son,  at  Corfe  Castle. 
In  1177,  the  abbess  and  nuns  were  expelled,  on  the 
ground  of  incontinence  ;  and  Henry  II.  made  it  a  cell  to 


A  M  OT 


A  MP  N 


the  foreign  abbey  of  Fontevrault.  Queen  Eleanor,  widow 
of  Henry  III.,  assumed  the  veil  in  this  convent,  where 
she  died  in  129 1.  It  was  at  length  made  denizen  ;  and 
at  the  dissolution  its  revenue  was  valued  at  £558.  10.  2. 
The  manor  and  principal  estates  of  Amesbury  origi- 
nally appertained  to  the  abbey,  and  at  the  Reformation 
were  granted  to  the  Lord  Protector  Somerset,  and  were 
carried  by  the  marriage  of  a  female  descendant  into  the 
family  of  Bruce,  subsequently  Earls  of  Amesbury  ;  they 
afterwards  passed  by  sale  to  Lord  Carlton,  who  left 
them  by  will  to  the  Duke  of  Queensbury,  husband  to 
the  celebrated  duchess ;  and  on  the  death  of  the  last 
duke,  they  descended  by  entail  to  the  late  Lord  Douglas 
of  Bothwell  Castle,  by  whom  they  were  sold  to  Sir 
Edmund  Antrobus,  at  whose  decease  they  passed  to  his 
nephew,  the  present  baronet.  A  mansion  was  built  by 
the  Somerset  family  nearly  on  the  site  of  the  ancient 
abbey ;  it  has  nearly  been  taken  down  by  Sir  Edmund 
Antrobus,  who  is  replacing  it  by  an  extensive  and  ele- 
gant edifice,  judiciously  preserving  the  magnificent  saloon 
of  the  former  building.  The  town  is  situated  in  a  valley 
on  the  banks  of  the  Avon,  and  consists  of  two  streets  j 
it  is  neither  paved  nor  lighted,  but  is  well  supplied  with 
water.  The  market,  which  .was  on  Friday,  has  been 
discontinued  :  fairs  are  held  on  May  17th,  June  21st, 
and  December  21st. 

The  parish  comprises  5600  acres  ;  the  surface  is  un- 
dulated, and  the  soil  a  gravelly  loam  upon  a  chalky  sub- 
soil. The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy,  in  the  gift  of 
the  Dean  and  Canons  of  Windsor,  with  a  net  income  of 
£141  :  about  5  acres  of  land  in  the  parish  of  Hunger- 
ford,  purchased  by  Queen  Anne's  Bounty,  belong  to  it. 
The  church,  originally  of  Norman  architecture,  has 
recently  undergone  thorough  repair ;  it  is  warmed  by 
two  very  handsome  stoves,  which  cost  £189,  and  were 
presented  by  Sir  Edmund  Antrobus.  There  is  a  place 
of  worship  for  Wesleyans.  In  1677,  John  Rose  be- 
queathed property  for  the  establishment  of  a  superior 
and  a  secondary  school,  the  former  for  boys,  and  the  latter 
for  boys  and  girls  :  the  endowment  consists  of  a  farm  in 
the  parish  of  Ditchett,  county  of  Somerset,  comprising 
52^  acres,  and  of  a  messuage  and  garden  at  Amesbury, 
in  the  rent-free  occupation  of  the  master.  Here  is  also 
a  school  founded  under  the  will  of  Mr.  Henry  Spratt, 
in  1708,  and  endowed  with  land  now  let  for  £50  per 
annum  ;  and  other  schools  are  supported  by  subscrip- 
tion. The  poor  law  union  of  Amesbury  comprises  23 
parishes  or  places,  and  contains  a  population  of  7698. 
To  the  west  of  the  river  is  an  ancient  encampment,  with 
a  vallum  and  deep  fosse,  occupying  an  area  of  forty 
acres,  commonly  attributed  to  Vespasian,  but  undoubt- 
edly of  British  origin :  the  road  from  Amesbury  to 
Warminster  is  cut  through  its  rampart.  The  poet  Gay 
passed  much  of  his  time  at  Amesbury,  under  the  roof 
of  his  generous  patrons,  the  Duke  and  Duchess  of 
Queensbury. 

AMOTHERBY,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish  of  APPLE- 
TON-LE-STREET,  union  of  MALTON,  wapentake  of  RYE- 
DALE,  N.  riding  of  YORK,  3  miles  (N.  W.  by  W.)  from 
New  Malton  ;  containing  239  inhabitants.  This  cha- 
pelry, which  is  bounded  on  the  north  by  the  river  Rye, 
is  situated  on  the  road  from  Malton  to  Kirkby  Moorside  ; 
the  surface  is  \indulated,  and  the  scenery  highly  pictu- 
resque j  the  soil  in  the  upland  parts  is  rich,  and  in  the 
valleys  inferior ;  limestone  of  fine  quality  is  extensively 
55 


quarried.  The  tithes  were  commuted  for  land  and  a 
money  payment,  in  1776-  There  is  a  small  chapel  of 
ease,  and  a  school  is  endowed  with  20  acres  of  land, 
producing  £16  per  annum. 

AMPHIELD,  or  ANFIELD,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish 
and  union  of  HURSLEY,  hundred  of  BUDDLESGATE, 
Fawley  and  N.  divisions  of  the  county  of  SOUTHAMP- 
TON, 4  miles  (S.  S.  W.)  from  Romsey.  This  pleasant 
village  is  situated  on  the  high  road  to  Winchester,  and 
is  inhabited  by  a  considerable  rural  population.  A  dis- 
trict church  has?been  erected,  chiefly  at  the  expense  of 
William  Heathcote,  Esq. 

AMPLEFORTH  (ST.  HILDA),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  HELMSLEY,  partly  in  the  wapentake  of  BIRDFORTH, 
and  partly  in  that  of  RYEDALE,  N.  riding  of  YORK  ; 
containing  446  inhabitants,  of  whom  207  are  in  the 
township  of  Ampleforth,  4^  miles  (S.  W.  by  S.)  from 
Helmsley.  The  parish,  anciently  Ampleford,  comprises 
by  measurement  2270  acres.  The  village,  which  is  long, 
and  pleasantly  situated,  extends  itself  into  the  three 
townships  of  Ampleforth  St.  Peter,  Ampleforth  Bird- 
forth,  and  Oswaldkirk- Quarter  ;  it  lies  at  the  base  of 
the  hill  which  runs  up  to  Hamilton,  and  on  the  south 
commands  a  beautiful  view  of  the  valley  of  De  Mobray, 
embracing  on  the  south-east  Gilling  Castle,  and  on  the 
south-west  Newborough  park,  which  give  to  the  vicinity 
a  rich  and  diversified  appearance.  The  living  is  a  dis- 
charged vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£4.  6.5^.;  net  income,  £261  5  patron  and  appropria- 
tor,  Prebendary  of  Ampleforth  in  the  Cathedral  of  York. 
By  an  inclosure  act  in  1806,  199  acres  were  allotted  in 
lieu  of  the  vicarial  tithes  of  the  parish,  and  of  all  tithes 
for  the  township  of  Ampleforth.  The  church  is  an 
ancient  structure,  with  a  Norman  doorway,  beautifully 
carved  and  flowered.  There  is  a  place  of  worship  for 
Wesleyans.  At  Oswaldkirk-Quarter  is  situated  Ample- 
forth College,  a  Roman  Catholic  establishment,  founded 
in  1802  by  the  members  of  the  college  of  Dieulouard, 
near  Pont-a-Mousson,  in  Lorraine,  whose  property  was 
confiscated  in  the  French  revolution ;  the  students, 
about  fifty  in  number,  are  instructed  in  the  ancient  and 
modern  languages,  mathematics,  &c.  The  establish- 
ment, which  has  been  several  times  enlarged,  is  situated 
in  the  midst  of  extensive  pleasure-grounds,  and  com- 
mands some  beautiful  views  of  the  surrounding  coun- 
try. National  schools,  for  the  instruction  of  children  of 
both  sexes,  have  been  established.  Half  a  mile  north 
of  the  village  are  the  remains  of  a  Roman  camp  ;  and 
near  it  was  discovered  in  March,  1808,  by  the  Rev. 
Robert  Nixon,  a  barrow,  formed  by  a  large  circle  of 
stones  about  ten  feet  in  diameter,  in  which  an  urn  and 
several  ancient  coins  were  found. 

AMPNEY,  or  ASHBROOK  (ST.  MARY  THE  VIRGIN), 
a  parish,  in  the  union  of  CIRENCESTER,  hundred  of 
CROWTHORNE  and  MINETY,  E.  division  of  the  county 
of  GLOUCESTER,  3^  miles  (E.)  from  Cirencester ;  con- 
taining 121  inhabitants.  It  is  situated  on  the  southern 
side  of  the  road  from  Fairford  to  Cirencester,  and  has 
good  quarries  of  limestone  for  building.  The  living  is 
a  perpetual  curacy ;  net  income,  £72,  derived  from  57 
acres  of  land  ;  patron  and  impropriator,  Colonel  Beach.^ 
The  church  stands  at  a  distance  from  the  village,  and 
is  a  small  structure. 

AMPNEY,  or  EASINGTON  (ST.  PETER),  a  parish, 
in  the  union  of  CIRENCESTER,  hundred  of  CROWTHORNE 


A  M  P  T 


and  MINETY,  E.  division  of  the  county  of  GLOUCESTER, 
4%  miles  (E.  by  S.)  from  Cirencester;  containing  196 
inhabitants.  This  parish,  which  is  situated  on  the  Lon- 
don road,  is  of  small  extent,  comprising  by  measure- 
ment 533  acres ;  quarries  of  stone  are  slightly  worked 
for  mending  the  roads,  and  for  fences,  and  same  tiles 
are  made  here.  There  is  a  canal  to  Cirencester.  The 
living  is  a  perpetual  curacy  ;  net  income,  £90;  patron, 
Bishop  of  Gloucester  and  Bristol ;  appropriators,  Dean 
and  Chapter  of  Gloucester.  On  Rambury  farm  are  the 
remains  of  a  Roman  camp,  called  Rambury  Ring. 

AMPNEY-CRUCIS  (Tus  HOLY  ROOD),  a  parish,  in 
the  union  of  CIRENCESTER,  hundred  of  CROWTHORNE 
and  MINETY,  E.  division  of  the  county  of  GLOUCESTER, 
3|  miles  (E.)  from  Cirencester ;  containing,  with  the 
hamlet  of  Hiloot  End,  591  inhabitants.  It  comprises 
by  measurement  3088  acres ;  the  soil  is  various,  in 
some  parts  of  very  inferior  quality,  and  in  others  tolera- 
bly fertile ;  stone  suitable  for  repairing  the  roads  is 
quarried.  The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  valued 
in  the  king's  books  at  £6.  9.  0^.,  and  in  the  patronage 
of  the  Crown  ;  net  income,  £84  ;  impropriator,  G.  G. 
Blackwell,  Esq.  The  church  has  an  embattled  tower, 
and  some  portions  of  ancient  architecture,  among  which 
is  a  handsome  Norman  arch,  dividing  the  nave  from 
the  chancel.  Here  is  a  charity  school,  endowed,  in  1719, 
by  Robert  Pleydell,  Esq.,  with  a  rent-  charge  of  £80. 

AMPNEY,  DOWN  (ALL  SAINTS),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  CIRENCESTER,  hundred  of  CROWTHORNE  and 
MINETY,  E.  division  of  the  county  of  GLOUCESTER,  4 
miles  (S.  W.  by  W.)  from  Fairford ;  containing  425 
inhabitants.  A  portion  of  this  parish  lies  in  the  northern 
division  of  the  adjoining  county  of  Wilts,  and  in  the 
hundred  of  Highworth.  The  manor-house,  a  very  in- 
teresting specimen  of  ancient  architecture,  was  formerly 
one  of  the  many  seats  of  the  Hungerford  family,  and  is 
situated  precisely  on  the  border  line  of  the  two  shires. 
The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £10.  5.  8.;  net  income,  £116;  patrons  and 
appropriators,  Dean  and  Canons  of  Christ  Church, 
Oxford.  The  church  was  built  about  the  year  1260,  by 
the  Knights  Templars,  to  whom  Edward  I.  granted  the 
living  ;  it  is  chiefly  in  the  early  English  style,  with  a 
tower  surmounted  by  a  spire.  A  school  is  wholly  sup- 
ported by  Lady  Caroline  Elliott,  who  also  contributes 
to  the  maintenance  of  an  infants'  school. 

AMPORT  (8r.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
LUDGERSHALL,  hundred  of  ANDOVER,  Andover  and  N. 
divisions  of  the  county  of  SOUTHAMPTON,  4^  miles  (W. 
by  S.)  from  Andover  ;  containing,  with  the  tythings 
of  East  Cholderton  and  Sarson,  771  inhabitants,  and 
comprising  3594  acres.  The  living  is  a  vicarage,  en- 
dowed with  the  rectorial  tithes,  with  Appleshaw  an- 
nexed, and  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £25.  7-  11-; 
patrons,  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Chichester.  The  tithes 
have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £830,  and 
there  are  70  acres  of  glebe.  Pursuant  to  the  will  of 
the  Rev.  Thomas  Sheppard,  D.D.,  dated  in  1812,  a 
school,  and  an  almshouse  consisting  of  six  tenements, 
were  built  here  by  his  widow,  who  has  vested  in  trus- 
tees the  sum  of  £9000  for  the  maintenance  of  the 
widows,  the  schoolmistress's  salary,  medical  attendance, 
and  the  repair  of  the  buildings. 

AMPTHILL    (ST.  ANDREW),    a   market-town  and 
parish,  and  the  head  of  a  union,  in  the  hundred    of 
56 


REDBORNESTOKE,  county  of  BEDFORD,  7  miles  (S.  by 
W.)  from  Bedford,  and  45  (N.  W.  by  N.)  from  London ; 
comprising  by  computation  1882  acres,  and  containing 
201  inhabitants.  In  the  reign  of  Henry  VI.,  Sir  John 
Cornwall,  created  Lord  Fanhope,  built  a  castle  on  the 
manor  of  Ampthill,  which,  about  the  year  1530,  came 
into  the  possession  of  the  crown,  and  was  made  the 
head  of  an  honour  by  act  of  parliament.  Catherine  of 
Arragon,  while  the  business  of  her  divorce  was  pending, 
resided  here,  where  she  received  the  summons  to  attend 
the  commissioners  at  Dunstable,  which  she  refused  to 
obey ;  and  in  memory  of  this,  the  Earl  of  Ossory,  in 
1770,  erected  on  the  site  of  the  castle  a  handsome 
column,  with  an  appropriate  inscription  by  Horace 
Walpole,  Earl  of  Orford.  The  modern  seat  is  chiefly 
remarkable  for  the  number  of  very  ancient  oa'ks  which 
ornament  the  park.  The  town,  pleasantly  situated 
between  two  hills,  is  irregularly  built,  paved  with 
pebbles,  and  amply  supplied  with  water ;  it  has  been 
of  late  considerably  improved  by  the  removal  of  old 
buildings,  and  the  erection  of  a  good  market-house. 
The  market  is  on  Thursday ;  and  fairs  take  place  on 
the  4th  of  May  and  30th  of  November,  for  cattle.  The 
county  magistrates  hold  petty-sessions  for  the  hundred 
at  this  town ;  and  a  court,  for  the  honour  of  Ampthill 
is  held  in  the  moot-house,  an  ancient  building,  under 
the  lord  high  steward,  at  which  constables  and  other 
officers  are  appointed. 

The  LIVING  is  a  discharged  rectory,  valued  in  the 
king's  books  at  £10.  6.  8.,  and  in  the  gift  of  the  Crown, 
with  a  net  income  of  £330  :  the  tithes  were  commuted 
for  land  and  corn-rents,  under  an  inclosure  act,  in  1806. 
The  church  is  a  handsome  cruciform  structure,  in  the 
decorated  and  later  English  styles,  with  a  square  em- 
battled tower  rising  from  the  centre.  There  are  places 
of  worship  for  Independents,  the  Society  of  Friends, 
and  Wesleyans.  A  charity  school  was  endowed  by 
Mrs.  Sarah  Emery,  in  1691,  with  lands  producing  £30 
per  annum,  half  of  which  is  given  to  the  parish  of 
Meppershall.  There  is  a  feoffee  charity  of  about  £100 
per  annum,  derived  from  land  and  houses,  for  the 
benefit  of  the  necessitous  and  industrious  poor  ;  and 
about  a  quarter  of  a  mile  from  the  town  is  an  hospital, 
founded  by  John  Cross,  in  1690,  which  affords  a  com- 
fortable asylum  for  nine  men  and  four  women,  who  each 
receive  about  £20  per  year,  with  bedding,  coal,  &c. 
The  interest  arising  from  a  legacy  of  £700,  left  by  Mr. 
Arthur  Whichelner,  in  1687,  for  apprenticing  children, 
is  shared  by  this  parish  conjointly  with  those  of  Maul- 
den,  Milbrook,  and  Ridgemont.  The  union  of  Ampthill 
comprises  19  parishes  or  places,  and  contains  a  popula- 
tion of  15,681. 

AMPTON  (ST.  PETER),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
THINGOE,  hundred  of  THEDWESTRY,  W.  division  of 
SUFFOLK,  5^  miles  (N.  by  E.)  from  Bury-St.  Edmund's  $ 
containing  147  inhabitants.  In  this  parish,  which  com- 
prises 736a.  3r.  4p.,  is  the  seat  of  Lord  Calthorpe, 
scarcely  surpassed  for  beauty  of  situation  by  any  man- 
sion or  grounds  in  Suffolk.  The  living  is  a  discharged 
rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £5.  2.  1.,  and  in 
the  gift  of  his  lordship  :  the  tithes  have  been  commuted 
for  a  rent-charge  of  £J20,  and  the  glebe  consists  of  20 
acres.  Calthorpe's  school,  adjoining  the  churchyard, 
was  founded  and  endowed  in  1705,  by  James  Calthorpe, 
Esq.,  and  has  property  in  land  consisting  of  about  430 


A  NC  A 


A  N  C  R 


acres,  and  yielding  a  rental  of  £384  ;  in  addition  to 
which  Henry  Edwards,  in  1715,  bequeathed  £100,  with 
which,  and  other  accumulations,  £1017  three  per  cent, 
consols  was  purchased,  paying  a  dividend  of  £30.  A 
school  for  girls,  and  an  infants'  school,  are  chiefly  sup- 
ported by  Lord  Calthorpe ;  and  on  Ampton  green  is  an 
almshouse  for  four  unmarried  women,  founded  under 
the  will  of  Mrs.  Dorothy  Calthorpe,  dated  1693,  and 
endowed  with  £700  Old  South  Sea  Annuities. 

AMWELL,  GREAT  (ST.  JOHN  THE  BAPTIST),  a 
parish,  in  the  union  of  WARE,  hundred  and  county  of 
HERTFORD,  l£  mile  (S.  E.  by  S.)  from  Ware  ;  containing 
1545  inhabitants.  .  The  parish  contains  2443«.  Ir.  lip., 
situated  between  the  river  Lea  and  the  road  from  Cam- 
bridge to  London  ;  and  is  supposed  to  take  its  name 
from  "  Emma's  Well,"  which  is  now  absorbed  by  the 
New  River,  which  runs  through,  and  greatly  contributes 
to  ornament  the  place.  The  village  of  Amwell,  par- 
ticularly that  part  of  it  adjacent  to  the  church,  is  one 
of  the  most  beautiful  in  the  county ;  and  within  the 
limits  of  the  parish  is  situated  the  East  India  College, 
founded  in  1806,  for  the  education  of  youths  intended 
for  the  civil  service  of  the  company,  and  which  con- 
tains accommodation  for  105  students,  who  are  super- 
intended by  a  principal  and  several  professors.  A 
pleasure  fair  is  held  on  Whit-Monday.  The  living  is  a 
discharged  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £6 ; 
patron,  Rev.  Mordaunt  Barnard  ;  impropriator,  E.  F. 
Whittingstall,  Esq.  The  great  tithes  have  been  com- 
muted for  a  rent-charge  of  £418.  11.  6.,  and  the  vicarial 
for  £232 ;  the  glebe  consists  of  35  acres,  with  a  house  in 
a  fine  situation,  built  in  1840.  The  chancel  of  the 
church  is  separated  from  the  nave  by  three  very  ancient 
arches,  supposed  to  be  Saxon.  Hoddesdon  chapel,  a 
handsome  brick  edifice,  is  in  the  parish.  There  is  a 
national  school  for  girls,  which  was  endowed,  about 
1820,  by  Mrs.  E.  Jones,  with  £40  per  annum  ;  there  is 
also  a  national  school  for  boys ;  and  another  for  boys  and 
girls  is  supported  by  subscription.  The  remains  of  a 
Roman  encampment  are  visible  between  the  church  and 
the  vicarage-house.  Great  Amwell  has  been  the  resi- 
dence of  some  celebrated  literary  characters,  among 
whom  were  Izaak  Walton,  the  noted  angler  ;  Mr.  Scott, 
author  of  several  poems  and  tracts ;  and  Hoole,  the 
distinguished  translator  of  Tasso,  and  biographer  of  Mr. 
Scott.  The  remains  of  Warner,  the  historian,  were 
interred  in  the  churchyard. 

AMWELL,  LITTLE,  a  liberty,  in  the  parish  of  ALL 
SAINTS,  HERTFORD,  union,  hundred,  and  county  of 
HERTFORD,  l^r  mile  (S.  E.  by  S.)  from  Ware;  contain- 
ing 461  inhabitants.  Here  is  a  chapel  of  ease  to  the 
vicarage  of  All  Saints.  The  New  River,  which  supplies 
the  metropolis  with  water,  has  its  source  in  a  spring 
that  rises  in  this  liberty,  called  Emma's  Well. 

ANCASTER  (ST.  MARTIN),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
GRANTHAM,  wapentake  of  LOVEDEN,  parts  of  KESTEVEN, 
county  of  LINCOLN,  6f  miles  (N.  E.)  from  Grantham, 
on  the  road  to  Sleaford  ;  containing,  with  the  hamlets 
of  West  Willoughby  and  Sudbrook,  530  inhabitants. 
This  place  occupies  the  site  of  a  Roman  station  on  the 
line  of  the  ancient  Ermin- street,  which  Horsley  con- 
jectured to  have  been  Causennce,  but  the  name  of  which 
has  not  been  satisfactorily  ascertained  :  it  was  formerly 
of  much  greater  extent  than  it  is  at  present,  and  various 
coins,  foundations  of  buildings,  vaults,  and  other  relics 
VOL.  I.— 57 


of  the  Romans,  have  been  discovered.  During  the  civil 
war  of  the  seventeenth  century,  the  parliamentarian 
forces  were  defeated  here  by  the  royalists,  under  the 
command  of  Col.  Cavendish.  The  parish  comprises 
about  3000  acres,  of  which  2780  are  arable,  200  pasture, 
and  14  woodland  ;  the  soil  is  light,  and  the  surface  well 
wooded:  The  celebrated  "  Ancaster"  quarries  (which 
are  really  in  the  adjoining  parish  of  Wilsford)  yield 
beautiful  building-stone.  The  living  is  a  discharged 
vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £6.  13.  4.,  and 
in  the  patronage  and  incumbency  of  the  Rev.  Mr. 
Warren;  net  income,  £151,  arising  from  120  acres  of 
glebe.  The  church  is  an  ancient  and  handsome  build- 
ing, with  a  tower  surmounted  with  a  tall  slender  spire ; 
the  arches  on  the  north  side  of  the  nave  are  of  Norman, 
and  those  on  the  south  of  early  English,  architecture ; 
the  font  is  singularly  elegant.  There  is  a  place  of  wor- 
ship for  a  congregation  of  Wesleyan  Methodists.  An- 
caster formerly  gave  the  title  of  Duke  to  the  family  of 
Bertie. 

ANCROFT,  a  parochial  chapelry,  in  the  union  of 
BERWICK-TJPON-TWEED,  ISLANDSHIRE,  county  of  DUR- 
HAM, locally  to  the  north  of  Northumberland  (with  the 
northern  division  of  which  it  is  connected  for  the  pur- 
pose of  parliamentary  election),  6  miles  (S.)  of  the  town  of 
Berwick,  and  containing  1670  inhabitants,  of  whom  491 
are  in  the  township.  This  place  is  situated  in  rich  and 
pleasant  ground,  and  comprises  the  villages  of  Ancroft, 
Cheswick,  Haggerston,  Scremerston,  and  Greenses,  of 
which  the  first  appears,  from  the  numerous  foundations 
of  houses  that  have  been  discovered  in  the  adjoining 
fields,  to  have  been  formerly  of  much  greater  extent 
than  it  is  at  present.  The  parish  comprises  9622  statute 
acres,  mostly  arable,  and  is  rich  in  mineral  produce. 
Limestone  is  very  abundant,  and  is  quarried  to  a  great 
extent  for  the  supply  of  the  neighbouring  districts,  and 
is  also  sent  to  Scotland  ;  freestone  and  coal  are  likewise 
wrought  in  considerable  quantities.  The  great  north  road 
from  London  to  Edinburgh  passes  through  the  parish. 
The  surrounding  scenery  is  finely  diversified,  and  enli- 
vened with  some  handsome  seats,  among  which  is  Lady- 
thorn,  in  the  village  of  Cheswick,  occupying  an  elevated 
situation,  and  commanding  a  fine  view  of  Holy  Island, 
the  Farn  islands,  the  coast  from  Bambrough  Castle  to 
Berwick,  and  the  Cheviot  hills  in  the  distance.  Hagger- 
ston Castle,  the  residence  of  Lady  Stanley,  is  an  old 
family  mansion,  built  on  the  site  of  a  more  ancient 
castle,  which  was  burnt  down  in  16 18,  with  the  excep- 
tion of  one  of  the  towers,  still  remaining,  in  which  Ed- 
ward II.,  in  1311,  received  homage  of  Thomas,  Earl  of 
Lancaster,  for  the  earldom  of  Lincoln  :  the  present 
house,  which  has  received  several  additions  within  the 
last  century,  is  beautifully  situated  in  an  extensive 
park,  ornamented  with  fine  groves  and  thriving  planta- 
tions ;  in  the  grounds  and  near  the  house  is  the  domestic- 
chapel.  There  is  a  large  colliery  at  Scremerston,  the 
village  of  which  was  destroyed  by  the  Scots  in  1386,  but 
was  soon  afterwards  rebuilt.  The  Scremerston  estate  be- 
longed to  the  Earl  of  Derwentwater,  on  whose  attainder 
it  was  forfeited  to  the  crown,  and  now  forms  part  of 
the  possessions  of  Greenwich  Hospital :  the  tithes  of 
this  property  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of 
£965.  2.  8. 

The  living  of  Ancroft  is  a  perpetual  curacy  ;  net  in- 
come,   £131  ;    patrons    and   appropriators,    Dean   and 


A  NDE 


ANDO 


Chapter  of  Durham.  The  church,  a  Norman  structure, 
originally  a  chapel  of  ease  to  Holy  Island,  but  now  paro- 
chial, was  enlarged  in  1836,  at  an  expense  of  £550, 
raised  by  subscription  :  the  tower  was  so  constructed 
that  it  served  as  a  place  of  residence  for  the  curate,  and 
afforded  him  a  protection  from  the  Scottish  marauders  ; 
it  was,  until  lately,  roofless,  and  an  ash-tree,  which  had 
its  root  in  the  vaulted  floor  of  the  first  story,  spread  over 
its  battlements.  At  Haggerston  is  a  Roman  Catholic 
chapel ;  also  a  school,  endowed  with  £10  yearly,  and 
the  master  of  which  has  a  house  rent-free.  At  Ancroft 
is  a  school  in  connexion  with  the  National  Society  :  the 
schoolroom  and  a  cottage  for  residence  were  erected  by 
Bishop  Harrington,  Archdeacon  Bowyer,  and  the  Dean 
and  Chapter  of  Durham,  in  1825.  Sir  Thomas  Hagger- 
ston, who  was  created  a  baronet  in  1643,  and  raised  a 
regiment  for  the  service  of  Charles  I.,  was  born  at  Hag- 
gerston.— See  SCREMERSTON. 

ANDERBY  (ST.  ANDREW),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
SPILSBY,  Marsh  division  of  the  hundred  of  CALCE- 
WORTH,  parts  of  LINDSEY,  county  of  LINCOLN,  4^  miles 
(E.  by  S.)  from  Alford ;  containing  243  inhabitants. 
The  parish  of  Anderby  comprises  an  area  of  about  1200 
statute  acres  of  land,  by  computation,  and  extends  to 
the  coast  of  the  North  Sea,  which  bounds  it  on  the 
east ;  the  village  is  scattered,  and  is  in  the  manor  of 
Bilsby,  a  neighbouring  parish.  The  living  is  a  dis- 
charged rectory,  with  that  of  Cumberworth  united,  valued 
in  the  king's  books  at  £13.  10.  2|.  ;  net  income,  £548  ; 
patrons,  President  and  Fellows  of  Magdalene  College, 
Cambridge.  On  the  inclosure  of  the  parish  a  fixed 
money  payment  of  £65.  7.,  and  8  acres  of  land,  were 
assigned  to  the  rector  of  Anderby  in  lieu  of  tithes  for 
the  portion  inclosed.  The  church  is  a  plain  edifice. 
There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  a  congregation  of  Wes- 
leyan  Methodists. 

ANDERSTON,  or  ANDERSON  (Sr.  MICHAEL),  a  pa- 
rish, in  the  union  of  BLANDFORD,  hundred  of  COOMBS- 
DITCH,  Blandford  division  of  DORSET,  6  miles  (S.)  from 
Blandford-Forum ;  containing  43  inhabitants.  This 
parish,  which  is  situated  on  the  river  Winterbourne 
(here  a  comparatively  insignificant  stream)  comprises  by 
measurement  566  acres,  of  which  414  are  arable,  and 
152  meadow  and  pasture.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued 
in  the  king's  books  at  £6.  19.  1.,  and  in  the  gift  of  S.  B. 
Tregonwell,  Esq. :  the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a 
rent-charge  of  £120,  and  there  are  four  acres  of  glebe. 
The  church  is  an  ancient  edifice,  and  the  place  of  sepul- 
ture of  the  family  of  the  Tregonwells,  whose  former 
manor-house,  a  spacious  building  in  the  Elizabethan 
style,  and  in  which  is  a  chamber  hung  with  decayed 
tapestry,  is  now  the  union  workhouse. 

ANDERTON,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  GREAT 
BUDWORTH,  union  of  NORTHWICH,  hundred  of  BUCK- 
LOW,  N.  division  of  the  county  of  CHESTER,  if  mile 
(N.  W.  by  N.)  from  Northwich ;  containing  331  inhabit- 
ants. It  is  intersected  by  the  river  Weaver,  on  the 
northern  bank  of  which  there  is  an  almost  uninterrupted 
line  of  salt-works  :  the  Grand  Trunk  canal  also  passes 
through  it. 

ANDERTON,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  STAN- 
DISH,  union  of  CHORLEY,  hundred  of  LEYLAND,  N.  di- 
vision of  the  county  of  LANCASTER,  4f  miles  (S.  E.  by  S.) 
from  Chorley,  on  the  road  from  that  town  to  Bolton ; 
containing  339  inhabitants. 
58 


ANDOVER  (Sr.  MARY), 
a  borough,  market -town, 
and  parish,  having  exclu- 
sive jurisdiction,  and  the 
head  of  a  union,  locally  in 
the  hundred  of  ANDOVER, 
Andover  and  N.  divisions 
of  the  county  of  SOUTH- 
AMPTON, 26  miles  (N.  by 
W.)  from  Southampton,  and 
64  (W.  S.  W.)  from  London; 
comprising  the  hamlets  of 
Charlton,Hatherden,  King's 


Seal  and  Arms. 


Enhatn,  Little  London,  Smannell,  Wildhern,  and  Wood- 
house,  and  the  chapelry  of  Foxcote,  and  containing  5013 
inhabitants.  Andover,  or,  according  to  the  charter, 
seal,  and  official  documents,  Andever,  is  a  corruption  of 
the  Saxon  Andeafara,  which  signifies  the  passage  of  the 
Ande,  denoting  the  proximity  of  the  town  to  the  small 
river  Ande,  or  Anton.  In  the  church  at  this  place  Anlaf, 
King  of  Norway,  in  994,  received  the  sacrament  of  con- 
firmation, under  the  sponsorship  of  King  Ethelred,  pro- 
mising that  he  would  never  more  come  in  a  hostile 
manner  to  England,  which  engagement  he  religiously 
performed.  The  TOWN,  situated  on  the  border  of  the 
Wiltshire  downs,  and  near  the  edge  of  an  extensive 
woodland  tract,  forming  the  north-west  portion  of  the 
county,  is  neat,  airy,  and  well  built ;  it  consists  prin- 
cipally of  three  long  streets,  and  is  well  paved  under  an 
act  obtained  in  1815,  lighted  with  gas,  supplied  by  a 
company  lately  formed  among  the  inhabitants,  and 
plentifully  supplied  with  water.  The  manufacture  of 
silk  has,  of  late,  entirely  superseded  that  of  shalloons, 
which  was  formerly  carried  on  to  a  great  extent ;  and 
the  construction  of  a  canal  from  the  town,  through 
Stockbridge,  to  Southampton  Water,  has  materially 
improved  its  trade,  particularly  in  corn,  malt,  and 
timber,  of  which  last  a  vast  quantity  is  forwarded  from 
Harewood  Forest,  for  the  supply  of  Portsmouth  dock- 
yard. The  principal  market  is  on  Saturday,  and  there 
is  a  smaller  one  on  Wednesday  :  the  fairs  are  on  Mid- 
Lent  Saturday  and  Old  May-day,  for  horses,  cattle, 
cheese,  and  leather ;  on  the  1 6th  of  November  for  sheep, 
and  on  the  following  day  for  horses,  hops,  cheese,  &c. 
Three  miles  west  of  Andover,  and  within  the  out- 
hundred  belonging  to  the  town,  is  Weyhill,  where  an 
annual  fair  is  held,  which,  originating  in  a  revel  an- 
ciently kept  on  the  Sunday  before  Michaelmas-day,  has 
gradually  become  the  largest  and  best  attended  in  Eng- 
land. It  takes  place  on  Oct.  10th  and  six  following 
days,  by  charter  of  Queen  Elizabeth,  confirmed  by 
Charles  II.  The  first  day  is  noted  for  the  sale  of  sheep, 
of  which  the  number  sold  has  frequently  exceeded 
170,000  ;  on  the  second  the  farmers  hire  their  servants  ; 
after  which  hops,  cheese,  horses  (particularly  cart  colts), 
cloth,  &c.,  are  exposed  for  sale.  An  additional  fair, 
principally  for  sheep,  was  instituted  in  1829,  and  is  held 
on  the  1st  of  August. 

The  inhabitants  appear  to  have  received  charters  of 
INCORPORATION  from  Henry  II.  and  Richard  I.,  but  the 
oldest  now  in  their  possession  is  one  bestowed  in  the 
6th  of  King  John's  reign  :  several  others  were  subse- 
quently granted,  and  that  under  which  the  borough  was 
until  recently  governed,  is  dated  in  the  41st  of  Eliza- 
beth. By  the  act  of  the  5th  and  6th  of'Wm.  IV.  c.  76, 


A  N  G  E 


A  NGL 


the  government  is  now  vested  in  a  mayor,  four  alder- 
men, and  twelve  councillors,  assisted  by  a  recorder, 
town-clerk,  and  other  officers  :  the  municipal  boundaries 
are  co-extensive  with  those  of  the  parish,  which  is  about 
twenty-two  miles  in  circumference,  and  includes  the 
parish  of  Knights- Enham  and  the  tything  of  Foxcote, 
both  locally  in  this  parish.  The  borough  sent  represen- 
tatives to  all  the  parliaments  of  Edward  I.,  but  made 
no  return  after  the  1st  of  Edward  II.  till  the  27th  of 
Elizabeth,  since  which  period  it  has  continued  to  send 
two  members  :  the  right  of  election  was  formerly  vested 
in  the  bailiff  and  corporation,  in  number  about  twenty- 
four,  but  was  extended  by  the  act  of  the  2nd  of  William 
IV.  cap.  45,  to  the  £10  householders  ;  the  mayor  is  the 
returning  officer.  Courts  of  session  are  held  quarterly  ; 
courts  leet  occur  at  Easter  and  Michaelmas  ;  and  the 
county  magistrates  hold  a  petty-session  every  Monday 
for  the  neighbouring  district.  The  town-hall  was  erected 
in  1825,  at  an  expense  of  £7000,  towards  defraying 
which  each  of  the  then  members  for  the  borough,  Sir 
J.  W.  Pollen,  Bart.,  and  T.  A.  Smith,  Esq.,  presented 
£1000  :  it  is  a  handsome  and  spacious  building  of  stcne, 
surmounted  by  a  cupola ;  on  the  ground-floor  is  the 
market-house,  over  which  are  a  council-room  for  trans- 
acting the  business  of  the  corporation,  and  a  hall  for 
holding  the  quarter- sessions. 

The  LIVING  is  a  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books 
at  £17.  4.  3%. ;  net  income,  £350  ;  patrons  and  impro- 
priators,  Warden  and  Fellows  of  Winchester  College. 
The  church  is  an  ancient  building  with  a  fine  Norman 
doorway  at  the  west  end  ;  the  chancel  is  separated  from 
the  nave  by  a  belfry.  There  are  places  of  worship  for 
Baptists,  the  Society  of  Friends,  Independents,  and 
Wesleyans.  A  grammar  school  was  founded  and  en- 
dowed in  1569,  by  John  Hanson,  Esq.,  whose  benefac- 
tion was  subsequently  increased  by  Richard  Kemys, 
Esq.  In  1719,  John  Pollen,  Esq.,  one  of  the  representa- 
tives of  the  borough,  erected  a  school-house  and  endowed 
it  with  £10  per  annum,  for  twenty  children  ;  in  1725, 
James  Sambourne  bequeathed  £1000  for  the  instruc- 
tion of  twenty-four  children  of  Hatherden,  in  the  parish  ; 
and  a  national  school,  for  which  rooms  have  been  erected, 
is  supported  by  subscription.  An  hospital  for  eight 
poor  men  was  founded  by  John  Pollen,  Esq.  ;  and  six 
unendowed  almshouses  for  women  were  built  with  funds 
bequeathed  by  Catherine  Hanson,  who  also  gave  an  acre 
of  ground,  planted  with  trees,  to  be  appropriated  as  a 
walk  for  the  recreation  of  the  inhabitants.  The  union 
of  Andover  comprises  28  parishes  or  places  in  the  county 
of  Hants,  and  4  in  that  of  Wilts,  and  contains  a  popula- 
tion of  16,990.  The  Roman  road  from  Winchester  to 
Cirencester  passed  near  Andover,  and  is  yet  visible  in 
Harewood  coppice  ;  and,  besides  two  or  three  small 
encampments  near  the  town,  there  is  a  large  one,  about 
a  mile  to  the  south-west,  on  the  summit  of  Bury  hill. 
Some  beautiful  specimens  of  Roman  pavement  have 
recently  been  discovered  in  the  neighbourhood.  And- 
over gives  the  inferior  title  of  Viscount  to  the  Earl  of 
Suffolk. 

ANDWELL,  an  extra-parochial  district,  in  the  union 
and  hundred  of  BASINGSTOKE,  Basingstoke  and  N.  divi- 
sions of  the  countyof  SOUTHAMPTON,  4^  miles  (E.) 
from  Basingstoke  ;  containing  26  inhabitants. 

ANGERSLEIGH   (ST.   MICHAEL),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  TAVNTON,  hundred  of  TAUNTON  and  TAUNTON- 
59 


DEAN.  W.  division  of  SOMERSET,  4  miles  (S.  S.  W.)  from 
Tauntonj  containing  42  inhabitants.  It  comprises  by 
measurement  411  acres,  of  which  the  arable  and  pasture 
land  are  in  nearly  equal  portions.  The  living  is  a  dis- 
charged rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £4.  19.  4^. ; 
patron,  Rev.  Henry  Tippets  Tucker :  the  tithes  have 
been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £98,  and  there  are 
18  acres  of  glebe. 

ANGERTON,  HIGH,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of 
HARTBURN,  union  of  MORPETH,  W.  division  of  MOR- 
PETH  ward,  N.  division  of  NORTHUMBERLAND,  7  miles 
(W.)  from  Morpeth  ;  containing  75  inhabitants.  This 
place  is  noticed  in  the  year  1262  as  the  residence  of  the 
Baroness  Theophania,  widow  of  Hugh  de  Bolbeck,  who 
was  sheriff  of  Northumberland,  governor  of  several 
castles,  and  held  other  offices  of  importance  :  from  the 
Bolbecks  both  High  and  Low  Angerton-went  in  regular 
descent  to  the  Howards,  with  whom  they  continued  until 
within  the  last  few  years.  The  township  extends  to  the 
village  of  Hartburn,  and  comprises  1197  acres  of  rich 
loamy  soil,  whereof  550  are  arable,  571  pasture,  and  the 
remainder  woodland.  The  vicar  of  Hartburn  receives 
£125.  9-  for  the  tithes  of  this  place. 

ANGERTON,  LOW,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of 
HARTBURN,  union  of  MORPETH,  W.  division  of  MOR- 
PETH ward,  N.  division  of  NORTHUMBERLAND,  7^  miles 
(W.  by  S.)  from  Morpeth  ;  containing  64  inhabitants.  A 
branch  of  the  Greys,  of  Howick,  resided  here  in  the  17th 
century,  as  tenants  under  the  Earl  of  Carlisle.  It  com- 
prises 1075  acres,  of  which  383  are  arable,  646  pasture, 
and  45^  wood  :  the  river  Waiisbeck  runs  through  High 
and  Low  Angerton,  and  is  bordered  by  rich  pastures, 
and  both  townships  are  the  property  of  Bradford  Atkin- 
son, Esq.,  who  has  just  completed  a  handsome  mansion 
in  the  Elizabethan  style.  The  village  stands  on  a  dry 
ridge  of  gravelly  alluvium,  with  the  Wansbeck  on  the 
north,  and  flat  marshy  gullies  nearly  round  the  other 
three  sides.  The  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent- 
charge  of  £106,  payable  to  the  vicar  of  Hartburn. 

ANGLESEY,  a  newly-erected  watering-place,  in  the 
parish  of  ALVERSTOKE,  liberty  of  ALVERSTOKE  and 
GOSPORT,  Fareham  and  S.  divisions  of  the  county  of 
SOUTHAMPTON,  2  miles  (W.  S.  W.)  from  Gosport.  This 
interesting  place  occupies  an  elevated  site  at  a  small 
distance  from  Stoke's  Bay,  and  nearly  opposite  to  the 
town  of  Ryde,  in  the  Isle  of  Wight.  The  mild  tem- 
perature of  the  climate,  the  beauty  and  variety  of  the 
surrounding  scenery,  the  facilities  for  sea-bathing,  and 
the  goodness  of  the  roads  in  its  vicinity,  have  united  to 
render  it  eligible  as  a  watering-place,  and  it  has  already 
obtained  a  considerable  degree  of  patronage,  which  is 
rapidly  increasing.  The  first  building  erected  was  Ux- 
bridge  House,  the  seat  of  Robert  Cruickshank,  Esq.,  the 
founder  of  the  town,  the  first  stone  of  which  was  laid 
in  1826,  by  the  Earl  of  Uxbridge,  for  his  father,  the 
Marquess  of  Anglesey,  from  whom  the  place  derives  its 
name.  The  buildings,  consisting  of  a  noble  terrace  and 
crescent,  are  situated  within  a  spacious  area  inclosed 
with  iron-railing,  and  tastefully  laid  out  and  ornamented 
with  shrubs  and  flowers  -•  within  the  inclosure  is  a  fine 
elevated  terrace- walk,  commanding  a  view  of  the  Isle  of 
Wight,  Stoke's  Bay,  the  Mother  Bank,  and  St.  Helen's, 
with  the  shipping  passing  between  Spithead  and  Ports- 
mouth harbour.  A  commodious  hotel  was  built  in  1830, 
but,  being  found  too  small  for  the  accommodation  of  the 

12 


A  NI  C 


ANNE 


increasing  number  of  visiters,  a  house  in  the. adjoining 
crescent  was  added  to  it  :  there  are  also  reading-rooms 
and  public  baths.  The  bay  affords  good  anchorage  for 
vessels,  and  a  communication  is  kept  up  with  Ports- 
mouth harbour,  the  dock-yard,  and  the  other  naval 
arsenals  in  the  vicinity,  by  Haslar  lake,  a  branch  of  the 
harbour,  which  flows  up  within  a  few  yards  of  the  north 
entrance  into  the  town. 

ANGLEZARKE,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  BOL- 
TON,  union  of  CHORLEY,  hundred  of  SALFORD,  S.  divi- 
sion of  the  county  of  LANCASTER,  4f  miles  (E.  S.  E.) 
from  Chorley ;  containing  164  inhabitants.  Here  are 
several  quarries  which  produce  stone  in  great  request 
for  the  paving  of  roads  and  streets  ;  grey  slate  is  some- 
times obtained  in  small  quantities  ;  and  some  years 
since  an  attempt  was  made  to  procure  lead-ore,  but  not 
proving  sufficiently  profitable,  the  search  was  aban- 
doned. In  the  lead-mines  carbonate  of  barytes  was  first 
discovered. 

ANGMERING,  EAST  and  WEST  ($T.  PETER),  a 
parish,  in  the  union  of  PRESTON,  (under  Gilbert's  Act), 
hundred  of  POLING,  rape  of  ARUNDEL,  W.  division  of 
SUSSEX,  5  miles  (S.  E.  by  E.)  from  Arundel ;  containing 
]002  inhabitants.  This.place  comprises  East  and  West 
Angmering  and  Bargeham,  formerly  all  distinct  parishes, 
which  were  consolidated  in  1573,  since  which  time  they 
have  formed  one  parish,  containing  4229  acres  ;  of  these 
1Q33  are  arable,  1895  pasture,  and  the  rest  underwood. 
Enst  Angmering  had  anciently  a  weekly  market,  and  an 
annual  fair  on  the  31st  of  July;  but  the  former  has 
been  long  discontinued,  and  the  latter  has  degenerated 
into  a  mere  pleasure  fair.  The  living  comprises  the 
rectory  of  West  Angmering,  with  the  vicarage  of  East 
Angmering  consolidated,  valued  jointly  in  the  king's 
books  at  £21.  9.  8.;  patron,  Capt.  Pechell ;  impro- 
priator  of  the  vicarage,  the  Rev.  J.  Usborne.  The  im- 
propriate  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge 
of  £26,  the  rectorial  for  £290,  and  the  vicarial  for  £8.  5. 
The  church  is  a  handsome  structure  in  the  later  English 
style,  with  a  square  embattled  tower,  and  was  repewed 
in  1837;  it  contains  several  monumental  tablets  to  the 
Gratericke  family.  A  school  was  founded  by  William 
Older,  who  in  16*9  endowed  it  with  a  cottage  and  gar- 
den, and  30  acres  of  land  at  East  Angmering,  now  pro- 
ducing £90  per  annum.  On  the  lands  of  the  church 
farm  on  the  western  borders  of  the  parish  a  Roman 
bath  was  discovered  in  1819- 

ANGRAM,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  LONG  MARS- 
TON,  W.  division  of  AINSTY  wapentake,  W.  riding  of 
YORK,  5  miles  (N.  E.  by  N.)  from  Tadcaster  ;  containing 
78  inhabitants.  The  road  from  York  to  Wetherby  passes 
at  a  short  distance  on  the  north.  In  1705,  Edward 
Randall  bequeathed  £200  to  the  poor  of  Marston,  Hut- 
ton,  and  Angram,  the  produce  of  which  is  applied  to  the 
instruction  of  children. 

ANGRAM-GRANGE,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of 
COXWOLD,  union  of  EASINGWOULD,  wapentake  of  BIRD- 
FORTH,  N.  riding  of  YORK,  4f  miles  (N.)  from  Easing- 
would  ;  comprising  438a.  3r.  24p.,  and  containing  24 
inhabitants.  The  impropriate  tithes  have  been  com- 
muted for  a  rent-charge  of  £106,  payable  to  Trinity 
College,  Cambridge. 

ANICK,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  ST.  JOHN-LEE, 
union  of  HEXHAM,  S.  division  of  TINDALE  ward  and  of 
NORTHUMBERLAND,  If  mile  (N.  E.  by  E.)  from  HEX- 
60 


HAM  ;  containing  146  inhabitants.  It  comprises  360 
acres,  of  which  270  are  arable,  and  90  meadow  and 
pasture  ;  about  9  acres  are  on  the  south  side  of  the 
Tyne,  and  the  remainder,  including  an  island  of  13  acres 
of  grass  land,  are  on  its  northern  bank,  gradually  and 
beautifully  sloping  to  the  river,  which  sometimes  over- 
flows the  grounds  in  its  vicinity  ;  the  soil  is  various,  but 
rendered  productive  by  means  of  artificial  manure.  The 
Newcastle  and  Carlisle  railway  skirts  the  township  on 
the  south.  At  Hexham  Bridge  End  is  a  large  brewery. 
The  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  rent-charges  amount- 
ing to  £104,  of  which  £75.  13.  4.  are  payable  to  the 
impropriators,  and  £28.  6.  8.  to  the  perpetual  curate. 

ANICK- GRANGE,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of 
ST.  JOHN-LEE,  union  of  HEXHAM,  S.  division  of  TIN- 
DALE  ward  and  of  NORTHUMBERLAND,  l£  mile  (E.  N. 
E.)  from  Hexham  ;  containing  40  inhabitants.  It  for- 
merly belonged  to  the  monastery  of  Hexham  ;  and  is 
now  the  property  of  T.  W.  Beaumont,  Esq.,  having  a 
court  baron  attached.  John  Harbottle,  Esq.  resides  here. 

ANLABY,  a  township,  partly  in  the  parish  of 
HESSLE,  but  chiefly  in  that  of  KIRK-ELLA,  county  of 
the  town  of  HULL,  union  of  SCULCOATES,  E.  riding  of 
YORK,  3£  miles  (W.)  from  Hull ;  containing  423  inha- 
bitants. This  place  was  anciently  a  possession  of  a 
family  of  the  same  name,  and  in  1100  a  great  part  of 
the  estate  passed,  by  intermarriage  with  its  heiress,  into 
the  family  of  Legard,  of  whom  Sir  Thomas  D.  Legard, 
of  Ganton,  in  this  county,  is  the  present  representative. 
The  township  comprises  about  2020  acres,  including  the 
adjacent  hamlets  of  Wolfreton  and  Tranby,  the  former 
of  which,  consisting  of  355  acres,  is  partly  in  the  town- 
ship of  Kirk-Ella.  There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Wes- 
leyans. 

ANMER  (Sr.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
DOCKING,  hundred  of  FREEBRIDGE-LYNN,  W.  division 
of  NORFOLK,  11  miles  (N.  E.)  from  Lynn;  contain- 
ing 175  inhabitants.  The  living  is  a  discharged  rec- 
tory, valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £9.  0.  1.,  and  in 
the  gift  of  H.  Coldham,  Esq.  :  the  tithes  have  been  com- 
muted for  a  rent-charge  of  £194,  and  the  glebe  consists 
of  70  acres.  The  church,  which  is  picturesquely  situated 
in  the  grounds  of  the  Hall,  is  chiefly  in  the  decorated 
and  later  styles,  and  consists  of  a  nave  and  chancel,  with 
a  chapel  on  the  south  side,  and  an  embattled  tower. 
On  opening  a  tumulus  a  few  years  ago  in  the  park,  a 
fine  Roman  urn,  containing  bones  and  ashes,  was  disco- 
vered. 

ANN,  ABBOTTS.— See  ABBOT' S-ANN. 

ANNE  (ST.),  or  BRIERS. — See  OWRAM,  SOUTH. 

ANNESLEY  (ALL  SAINTS),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  BASFORD,  N.  division  of  the  wapentake  of  BROXTOW 
and  of  the  county  of  NOTTINGHAM,  10  miles  (N.  N.  W.) 
from  Nottingham  ;  containing,  with  the  harnlets  of 
Annesley-Woodhouse  and  Wandesley,  and  the  extra- 
parochial  district  of  Felly,  315  inhabitants.  This  parish 
comprises  3030  acres  by  measurement  :  it  is  intersected 
by  the  road  from  Nottingham  to  Kirkby  Sutton,  and  is 
irregular  in  its  surface,  which  in  many  parts  rises  into 
mountainous  ridges.  The  soil  rests  on  red  sandstone, 
of  which  there  are  some  quarries  supplying  an  inferior 
material  used  chiefly  for  walls  and  small  houses.  The 
village  is  picturesquely  situated  ;  several  of  its  inhabit- 
ants are  engaged  in  the  manufacture  of  stockings.  The 
living  is  a  perpetual  curacy  ;  net  income,  £52  ;  patron 


A  N  ST 


A  NST 


and  impropriator,  J.  Musters,  Esq.     The  church  is  an- 
cient, and  has  a  tower  with  two  bells. 

ANNFIELD  PLAIN,  a  colliery  village,  in  the  town- 
ship of  KYO,  parish  and  union  of  LANCHESTER,  W.  di- 
vision of  CHESTER  ward,  N.  division  of  the  county  of 
DURHAM,  11  miles  (S.  S.  W.)  from  Gateshead.  This 
place  has  risen  into  some  importance,  and  increased  its 
population  to  500,  in  consequence  of  the  opening  of  a 
coal-pit,  which  is  now  in  operation  by  the  Pontop  and 
South  Shields  Company,  and  of  which  the  produce  is 
conveyed  to  the  shipping  by  the  Pontop  and  South 
Shields  railway.  Edward  Smith,  Esq.,  head  viewer  of 
the  mine,  has  a  neat  residence  here.  There  is  a  place 
of  worship  for  Primitive  Methodists  ;  and  a  day  school 
for  the  instruction  of  the  pitmen's  children  is  aided  by 
£15  per  annum  from  the  company. 

ANSLEY  (ST.  LAWRENCE),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  ATHERSTONE,  Atherstone  division  of  the  hundred  of 
HEMLINGFORD,  N.  division  of  the  county  of  WARWICK, 
5|  miles  (W.  by  N.)  from  Nuneaton ;  containing  701 
inhabitants.  It  is  intersected  by  the  Oxford  canal,  and 
comprises  by  measurement,  about  2700  acres,  of  which 
37  are  woodland.  The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £6.  6.  8.,  and  in  the  pa- 
tronage of  the  Crown  ;  net  income,  £1 16  ;  impropriator, 
D.  S.  Dugdale,  Esq.  A  school  in  connexion  with  the 
National  Society  has  been  established.  There  are  some 
remains  of  an  ancient  castle. 

ANSLOW,  or  ANNESLEY,  a  township,  in  the  parish 
of  ROLLESTON,  union  of  BURTON-UPON-TRENT,  N.  divi- 
sion of  the  hundred  of  OFFLOW  and  of  the  county  of 
STAFFORD,  3f  miles  (  N.  W.  by  W.)  from  Burton  5  con- 
taining 278  inhabitants.  There  is  a  place  of  worship 
for  Wesley ans. 

ANSTEY,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  HILTON,  union 
of  BLANDFORD,  hundred  of  WHITEWAY,  Blandford 
division  of  DORSET  ;  containing  200  inhabitants. 

ANSTEY  (Sr.  JAMES),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
FOLESHILL,  county  of  the  city  of  COVENTRY,  N.  divi- 
sion of  the  county  of  WARWICK,  5^  miles  (N.  E.)  from 
Coventry ;  containing  224  inhabitants.  This  place  is 
situated  at  the  north-eastern  extremity  of  the  liberties 
of  Coventry,  and  on  the  road  from  that  city  to  Wolvey 
heath,  and  thence  to  Leicester ;  it  was  originally  called 
Heanstige,  from  the  Saxon  hean,  high,  and  stige,  a  path- 
way. It  comprises  by  computation  1000  acres,  and, 
with  the  exception  of  about  300  acres,  is  the  property 
of  the  Dean  and  Canons  of  Windsor  ;  the  Oxford  canal 
passes  through  the  village.  The  living  is  a  vicarage, 
not  in  charge,  with  a  net  income  of  £63  ;  it  is  in  the 
patronage  of  the  Crown,  and  the  Dean  and  Canons  are 
appropriators.  The  church  is  said  to  have  been  founded 
in  the  time  of  Henry  I.  There  is  a  national  school. 

ANSTEY,  a  parish,  in  the  union  of  BUNTINGFORD, 
hundred  of  EDWINSTREE,  county  of  HERTFORD,  4  miles 
(N.  E.)  from  Buntingford  ;  containing  497  inhabitants. 
It  is  situated  on  the  road  to  Cambridge  through  Bark- 
.way,  and  comprises  205 la.  3r.  lip.  A  fair  is  held  on 
July  15th.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £21.  13.  4.;  net  income,  £504  ;  patrons,  Mas- 
ter and  Fellows  of  Christ's  College,  Cambridge.  Corn- 
rents  were  assigned  to  the  rector  under  a  private  act  in 
1826,  as  a  commutation  in  lieu  of  tithes.  The  church 
is  a  cruciform  edifice,  with  a  central  tower  surmounted 
by  a  short  spire  supported  by  Saxon  arches,  and  is  said 
61 


to  have  been  built  from  the  ruins  of  a  castle  erected  by 
Eustace,  Earl  of  Boulogne,  soon  after  the  Conquest, 
traces  of  which  are  still  visible. 

ANSTEY  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
BARROW-UPON-SOAR,  hundred  of  WEST  GOSCOTE,  N. 
division  of  the  county  of  LEICESTER,  3f  miles  (N.  W.) 
from  Leicester  ;  containing  838  inhabitants.  This  place, 
formerly  called  Hanstigie,  or  Anstige,  is  situated  between 
the  forests  of  Charnwood  and  Leicester,  and  at  the  dis- 
solution of  religious  houses  belonged  to  the  priory  of 
Ulverscroft,  with  a  reserved  rent  of  3s.  4d.,  and  a  pound 
of  pepper,  due  to  the  Lord  of  Groby.  The  living  is  con- 
solidated with  the  rectory  of  Thurcaston  :  the  church  is 
.an  ancient  edifice.  There  is  a  place  of  worship  for 
Wesleyans.  In  1376,  certain  lands,  described  as  "lying 
in  the  fields  of  Anstey  in  Wolfdale,"  were  granted  by 
John  Lenerych,  of  Leicester;  and  in  1490  the  "  Brere*- 
yard"  was  devised  by  Thomas  Martyn  and  William 
Haket,  and  vested  in  trustees  for  the  repair  of  the 
church,  bridges,  and  causeways  of  this  place. 

ANSTEY  (Sx.  JAMES),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
TISBURY,  hundred  of  DUNWORTH,  Hindon  and  S.  divi- 
sions of  WILTS,  5j  miles  (S.  E.  by  S.)  from  Hindon ; 
containing  329  inhabitants.  It  comprises  1000  acres  ; 
the  surface  is  hilly  in  some  parts,  and  the  soil  chalky 
and  sandy.  The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy,  in  the  pa- 
tronage of  Lord  Arundel  ;  net  income,  £22.  Here  was 
a  commandery  of  the  Knights  Hospitallers,  founded  by 
Walter  de  Turberville  in  the  reign  of  John,  the  revenue 
of  which  at  the  dissolution  was  £81.  8.  5. ;  its  remains 
have  been  converted  into  a  farm-house.  Dr.  Richard 
Zouch,  an  eminent  civilian,  and  judge  of  the  court  of 
admiralty,  in  the  reign  of  Charles  I.,  was  a  native  of  the 
place. 

ANSTEY,  EAST  (ST.  MICHAEL),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  and  hundred  of  SOUTH  MOLTON,  South  Molton 
and  N.  divisions  of  DEVON,  4  miles  (W.  S.  W.)  from 
Dulverton ;  containing  240  inhabitants.  This  parish, 
which  is  situated  on  the  road  to  Barnstaple,  comprises 
about  2170  acres  ;  there  are  some  quarries  of  stone, 
which  are  worked  for  building  and  other  purposes.  The 
living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £11; 
net  income,  £180;  patron,  Rev.  A.  Lloyd.  The  church 
is  a  plain  neat  edifice,  with  a  tower;  and  the  church- 
yard commands  an  extensive  view. 

ANSTEY  PASTURES,  an  extra-parochial  liberty, 
in  the  union  of  BARROW-UPON-SOAR,  hundred  of  WEST 
GOSCOTE,  N.  division  of  the  county  of  LEICESTER,  3f 
miles  (N.  W.)  from  Leicester;  containing  15  inhabitants. 
This  place,  formerly  parcel  of  the  "  Ffrith  of  Leicestre," 
and  of  the  ancient  duchy  of  Lancaster,  was  granted  in 
the  27th  of  Elizabeth  to  Thomas  Martyn  and  others,  on 
a  lease  of  31  years,  and  after  the  expiration  of  that 
term  was  purchased,  in  the  4th  of  James  I.,  from  Robert, 
Earl  of  Salisbury,  lord  treasurer  of  England,  by  Robert 
Martyn,  of  Anstey,  whose  descendants  have  a  seat  here. 
The  sum  of  £40  per  annum,  arising  from  lands  allotted 
under  an  inclosure  act,  is  applied  to  the  repairing  of 
the  highways  and  bridges ;  and  £10,  and  a  further  sum 
from  Lord  Stamford,  are  annually  distributed  in  bread 
and  linen  among  the  poor. 

ANSTEY,  WEST  (ST.  PETROCK),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  and  hundred  of  SOUTH  MOLTON,  South  Molton 
and  N.  divisions  of  DEVON,  3|  miles  (W.)  from  Dulver- 
ton ;  containing  279  inhabitants.  In  this  parish  are 


A  NTH 


A  NTI 


some  quarries  of  stone  for  building.  The  living  is  a 
vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £10.  16.  8.  j 
patrons  and  appropriators,  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Exeter. 
The  great  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge 
of  £76.  17.,  and  the  vicarial  for  £112  ;  the  glebe  consists 
of  37^  acres.  The  church  is  a  substantial  edifice,  with 
a  tower,  and  is  in  good  repair.  A  school  is  endowed 
with  £3  per  annum  ;  and  there  is  an  endowed  alms- 
house  for  the  reception  of  aged  and  infirm  poor. 

ANSTON,  NORTH  and  SOUTH  (ST.  JAMES),  a  pa- 
rish, in  the  union  of  WORKSOP,  S.  division  of  the  wapen- 
take  of  STRAFFORTH  and  TICKHILL,  W.  riding  of  YORK, 
6£  miles  (W.  N.  W.)  from  Worksop  ;  containing,  with 
the  township  of  Woodsetts,  1 102  inhabitants.  The  pa- 
rish is  on  the  road  from  Sheffield  to  Worksop,  and  com- 
prises about  4000  acres,  of  which  the  surface  is  varied, 
cfnd  the  scenery  picturesque.  Freestone  of  good  quality 
and  of  a  beautiful  colour  is  extensively  wrought,  and 
from  the  quarries  has  been  raised  the  stone  for  the  new 
houses  of  parliament.  The  manufacture  of  malt,  starch, 
and  nails  is  carried  on  to  a  moderate  extent.  The  vil- 
lages, once  called  Church  Anstan,  and  Chapel  Anstan, 
respectively,  are  pleasantly  situated  on  opposite  emi- 
nences, between  which  flows  one  of  the  little  streams 
that  unite  and  form  the  Ryton  ;  they  are  exceedingly 
neat  and  clean,  and  the  rivulet  after  leaving  their  imme- 
diate vicinity,  passes  into  a  little  glen,  where  stands 
Wood-mill,  possessed  of  considerable  rural  beauty.  The 
Chesterfield  canal,  which  bounds  the  parish  on  the 
north,  affords  facility  of  conveyance.  The  living  is  a 
perpetual  curacy,  in  the  patronage  of  the  Prebendary  of 
Laughton-en-le-Morthen  in  York  Cathedral,  with  a  net 
income  of  £84  :  the  tithes  for  the  manor  of  North  Anston 
were  commuted,  in  1767,  for  an  allotment  of  land  and 
a  money  payment.  The  church  is  a  neat  structure  in 
the  later  English  style,  and  consists  of  a  nave,  side 
aisles,  and  chancel,  with  a  square  tower  surmounted  by 
a  small  spire;  it  contains  some  monuments  to  the 
Lizour,  Beauchamp,  and  D'Arcy  families,  with  a  finely 
sculptured  figure  of  a  lady  bearing  an  infant  in  her  arms. 
There  are  places  of  worship  for  Independents  and  Wes- 
leyans.  Between  the  villages  is  situated  an  endowed 
school. 

ANTHONY  (ST.)  in  MENEAGE,  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  HELSTON,  W.  division  of  the  hundred  of  KER- 
RIER  and  of  the  county  of  CORNWALL,  7  miles  (S.  by 
W.)  from  Falmouth  ;  containing  3 13  inhabitants.  Dur- 
ing the  civil  war  of  the  seventeenth  century,  a  small 
intrenchment  here,  called  Little  Dinas,  was  occupied  by 
the  royalists,  for  the  defence  of  Helford  harbour,  but 
was  captured  by  the  parliamentarian  forces  under  Sir 
Thomas  Fairfax,  in  1646.  The  parish,  which  is  situated 
on  the  estuary  of  the  river  Helford,  and  divided  by  a 
creek  that  runs  into  it  from  the  Nase  Point  to  Gillan, 
comprises  by  measurement  1510  acres  ;  the  high  grounds 
command  fine  views.  The  living  is  a  discharged  vicar- 
age, valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £4.  15.  10.,  and  in  the 
patronage  of  the  Crown ;  impropriators,  the  family  of 
Gregor :  the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent- 
charge  of  £210  for  the  great,  and  £140  for  the  vica- 
rial, and  the  glebe  comprises  62^  acres.  The  church, 
situated  at  the  foot  of  the  promontory  of  Little  Dinas, 
within  fifty  yards  of  the  sea,  is  an  ancient  and  elegant 
structure,  with  a  tower  built  of  a  very  fine  granite,  said 
to  have  been  brought  from  Normandy.  There  is  a 
62 


place  of  worship  for  Bryanites.  At  Conderra,  in  1735, 
were  found  a  very  large  number  of  Roman  brass  coins, 
chiefly  those  of  the  Emperor  Constantine  and  his  family. 
Here  was  anciently  a  cell  to  the  priory  of  Ty  wardreth. 

ANTHONY  (ST.)  in  ROSELAND,  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  TRURO,  W.  division  of  the  hundred  of  POWDER 
and  of  the  county  of  CORNWALL,  9i  miles  (S.  W.  by  S.) 
from  Tregony  ;  containing  144  inhabitants.  It  lies  at 
the  extreme  point  of  Roseland,  a  verdant  and  bold 
peninsular  promontory,  connected  on  the  north  by  a 
narrow  isthmus  with  the  parish  of  Gerrans.  The  living 
is  a  donative,  in  the  patronage  of  S.  T.  Spry,  Esq.  :  the 
tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £118. 
The  church,  beautifully  situated  on  the  border  of  a  navi- 
gable lake,  which  separates  this  parish  from  St.  Mawes, 
contains  some  handsome  monuments  to  the  Spry  family, 
of  which  one,  by  Westmacott,  is  to  the  memory  of  Sir 
Richard  Spry,  Rear-Admiral  of  the  White.  An  Augus- 
tine priory,  subordinate  to  that  of  Plympton,  in  the 
county  of  Devon,  existed  here  till  the  general  dissolu- 
tion ;  its  remains  have  been  converted  into  a  private 
residence  called  Place  House. 

ANTHONY,  WEST  (ST.  ANTHONY  AND  ST.  JOHN 
THE  BAPTIST),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of  ST.  GERMANS, 
S.  division  of  the  hundred  of  EAST,  E.  division  of  CORN- 
WALL, 5^  miles  (S.  E.)  from  St.  Germans ;  containing, 
with  the  chapelry  of  Torpoint,  2894  inhabitants.  The 
living  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £12.  17.  8^.,  and  in  the  gift  of  the  Rt.  Hon. 
R.  P.  Carew,  the  impropriator :  the  incumbent's  tithes 
have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £307.  3.  6., 
with  a  glebe  of  6  acres,  and  the  great  tithes  for  one  of 
£284.  13.  There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Wesleyans. 
A  small  endowed  school  was  founded  in  1766,  by  Sir 
Coventry  Carew,  Bart,  j  and  a  national  school  was  com- 
menced in  1H23. 

ANTHORN,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  BOWNESS, 
union  of  WIGTON,  CUMBERLAND  ward,  and  E.  division 
of  CUMBERLAND,  8  miles  (N.  W.  by  N.)  from  Wigton; 
containing  207  inhabitants.  Here  is  a  school  with  a 
small  endowment. 

ANTINGHAM  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  ERPINGHAM,  hundred  of  NORTH  ERPINGHAM,  E. 
division  of  NORFOLK,  2^  miles  (N.  W.)  from  North 
Walsham  ;  containing  271  inhabitants.  It  is  intersected 
by  the  road  from  North  Walsham  to  Cromer,  and  com- 
prises ISOQa,  3r.  36p.,  of  which  1356  acres  are  arable, 
33  pasture  and  meadow,  56  woodland,  and  13  water, 
consisting  of  two  lakes  forming  the  principal  source  of 
the  river  Ant,  which  was  made  navigable  to  the  eastern 
boundary  of  the  parish  in  1 806.  The  living  is  a  dis- 
charged rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £6.3.  1^.; 
patron,  Lord  Suffield.  Antingham,  St.  Margaret's,  is 
also  a  discharged  rectory,  consolidated  with  North 
Walsham,  valued  at  £5.  6.  8.,  and  in  the  gift  of  the 
Bishop  of  Norwich  as  abbot  of  St.  Benet's  at  Holme. 
The  tithes  of  St.  Mary's  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent- 
charge  of  £340,  with  nearly  16  acres  of  glebe ;  and 
those  of  St.  Margaret's  for  a  rent-charge  of  £28.  10.' 
The  church  of  St.  Mary  is  chiefly  in  the  decorated  style, 
with  an  embattled  tower:  in  the  churchyard  are  the 
remains  of  the  church  of  St.  Margaret,  consisting  of  its 
tower,  and  some  of  its  side  walls.  Neat  schoolrooms 
were  erected  by  the  late  Lord  Suffield,  at  a  cost  exceeding 
£2000. 


A  P  PE 


A  PPL 


ANTROBUS,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  GREAT 
BUDWORTH,  union  of  RUNCORN,  hundred  of  BUCKLOW, 
N.  division  of  the  county  of  CHESTER,  5  miles  (N.  N.  W.) 
from  Northwich  ;  containing  489  inhabitants.  A  school 
is  supported  principally  by  subscription. 

ANWICK  (ST.  EDITH),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
SLEAFORD,  wapentake  of  FLAXWELL,  parts  of  KESTE- 
VEN,  county  of  LINCOLN,  4f  miles  (N.  E.)  from  Slea- 
ford ;  containing  314  inhabitants.  The  living  is  a  dis- 
charged vicarage,  united,  with  the  rectory  of  Dunsby,  to 
the  rectory  of  Brauncewell,  and  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £5.  3.  11^.  ;  impropriator,  S.  Hazelwood,  Esq. 
The  tithes  were  commuted  for  land  and  corn-rents, 
under  an  inclosure  act,  in  1791. 

APESTHORPE.— See  APPLESTHORPE. 

APETHORPE  (ST.  LEONARD),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  OUNDLE,  hundred  of  WILLYBROOK,  N.  division  of 
the  county  of  NORTHAMPTON,  4^:  miles  (S.  W.  by  W.) 
from  Wansford ;  containing  269  inhabitants.  The 
parish  is  situated  on  the  road  from  King's  Cliff  to 
Oundle,  and  on  the  Willybrook,  at  the  border  of  Rock- 
ingham  forest,  and  comprises  1669#.  15/>.,  a  portion  of 
which  is  occupied  by  Apethorpe  Hall,  the  seat  of  the 
Earl  of  Westmorland.  The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy; 
net  income,  £61  ;  patron,  Prebendary  of  Nassing- 
ton  in  the  Cathedral  of  Lincoln.  The  church  con- 
tains a  sumptuous  monument  to  the  memory  of  Sir 
Anthony  Mildmay,  Bart.,  and  his  lady  ;  and  another 
with  the  recumbent  figure  of  an  infant,  the  eldest  son 
of  Lord  Burgh?rsh,  beautifully  sculptured  by  a  Floren- 
tine artist.  The  Earl  of  Westmorland,  by  indenture  in 
1684,  charged  a  farm  with  the  payment  of  £36  annually 
in  lieu  of  certain  rent-charges  assigned  by  his  ancestors, 
for  apprenticing  boys  and  girls  of  Apethorpe,  Wood- 
Newton,  Nassington,  and  Yarwell. 

APETON,  a  township,  in  the  parishes  of  BRADLEY 
and  GNOSALL,  union  of  NEWPORT,  W.  division  of  the 
hundred  of  CUTTLESTONE,  S.  division  of  the  county  of 
STAFFORD. 

APLEY  (ST.  ANDREW),  a  parish,  in  the  W.  division 
of  the  wapentake  of  WRAGGOE,  parts  of  LINDSEY,  union 
and  county  of  LINCOLN,  3  miles  (S.  W.)  from  Wragby ; 
containing  162  inhabitants.  It  comprises  1660  acres 
by  measurement,  of  which  250  are  woodland ;  the 
surface  is  flat,  and  the  soil  a  cold  clay,  subject  to  inun- 
dation from  a  stream  that  divides  Apley  from  the 
parish  of  Stainfield.  The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £6  ;  net  income,  £20  ; 
patron  and  impropriator,  T.  Tyrwhitt  Drake,  Esq.  For- 
merly there  was  a  church,  but  at  present  there  is 
only  a  small  building  erected  on  its  site,  in  which  the 
minister  reads  the  funeral  service,  and  the  parishioners 
hold  their  vestries. 

APPERLEY,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  BYWELL- 
ST.  PETER,  union  of  HEXHAM,  E.  division  of  TIN- 
DALE  ward,  S.  division  of  NORTHUMBERLAND,  2^  miles 
(S.  by  E.)  from  Bywell ;  containing  34  inhabitants.  It 
is  situated  at  a  short  distance  from  the  border  of  the 
county  of  Durham  :  the  Roman  Watling- street  passes 
on  the  south-west ;  and  a  stream,  tributary  to  the  Tyne, 
flows  at  this  place  in  nearly  the  same  direction. 

APPERLY,  with  WHITEFIELD,  a    hamlet,    in    that 

part  of  the  parish  of  DEERHURST  which  is  in  the  Lower 

division   of   the  hundred  of  WESTMINSTER,  union  of 

TEWKESBURY,  E.  division  of  the  county  of  GLOUCESTER, 

63 


4^  miles  (S.  W.  by  S.)  from  Tewkesbury  ;  containing  420 
inhabitants.  There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Wesleyans. 

APPLEBY  MAGNA  (ST.  MICHAEL),  a  parish,  in 
the  union  of  ASHBY-DE-LA-ZOUCH,  partly  in  the  hun- 
dred of  REPTON  and  GRESLEY,  S.  division  of  the 
county  of  DERBY,  but  chiefly  in  the  hundred  of  SPARK- 
ENHOE,  S.  division  of  LEICESTER,  5f  miles  (S.  W.  byS.) 
from  Ashby  ;  comprising  2803a.  3r.,  and  containing 
1075  inhabitants.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the 
king's  books  at  £20.  9.  4|.  ;  net  income,  £750,  with  a 
house;  patron,  George  Moore,  Esq.  The  tithes  were 
commuted  for  land  and  a  money  payment,  under  an 
intlosure  act,  in  1771.  The  church,  which  is  in  Leices- 
tershire, was  repaired  and  repewed  in  1830,  when  some 
windows  of  painted  glass  were  added  by  private  dona- 
tion ;  it  contains  a  curious  monument  to  Sir  Stephen 
and  Lady  Appleby.  The  free  grammar  school  was 
founded  in  1699  by  Sir  John  Moore,  Knt.,  lord  mayor 
of  London  in  1682,  who  endowed  it  with  an  estate  at 
Upton,  consisting  of  228  acres  of  land,  producing  about 
£315  per  annum;  the  buildings,  forming  a  spacious 
and  handsome  structure,  were  erected  by  Sir  Christo- 
pher Wren.  There  is  also  a  national  school. 

APPLEBY  (ST.  BARTHOLOMEW),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  GLANDFORD-BRIDGE,  N.  division  of  the  wapen- 
take of  MANLEY,  parts  of  LINDSEY,  county  of  LINCOLN, 
7  miles  (N.  W.  by  N.)  from  Glandford-Bridge  ;  contain- 
ing, with  the  hamlet  of  Raventhorpe,  505  inhabitants. 
The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £10.  4. ;  net  income,  £150;  patron,  C.  WTinn, 
Esq.  Sixteen  children  are  instructed  by  means  of  a 
donation  of  £10  per  annum  from  Mrs.  Winn,  and  a 
contribution  of  £5  from  the  parish. 

Seal  and  Arms. 


Obverse. 


Reverse. 


APPLEBY,  an  incorporated  market-town  (formerly 
a  representative  borough),  having  separate  jurisdiction, 
locally  in  EAST  ward,  union  of  EAST  ward,  county  of 
WESTMORLAND,  of  which  it  is  the  chief  town,  2/4  miles 
(N.  N.  W.)  from  London  ;  containing  1075  inhabitants. 
This  place  is  thought,  but  on  uncertain  grounds,  to  have 
been  a  Roman  station  :  Camden,  from  a  similarity  of 
name,  erroneously  calls  it  Aballaba  ;  and  Horsley  con- 
siders it  to  have  been  the  Roman  Galacum.  A  Roman 
road  passed  near  it  from  Langton,  on  the  east,  to  Red- 
land's  Bank  on  the  north-west ;  and  some  antiquities  of 
the  same  people  have  been  discovered  in  the  vicinity. 
It  has  long  been  the  head  of  a  barony,  sometimes  called 
the  barony  of  Westmorland;  the  rest  of  the  county, 
which  forms  the  barony  of  Kendal,  having  been  an- 
ciently included  in  Lancashire  and  Yorkshire.  It  was 
granted  by  the  Conqueror  to  Ranulph  de  Meschines, 


A  P  P  L 


A  PPL 


whose  son  Ranulph,  having  in  his  mother's  right  suc- 
ceeded to  the  earldom  of  Chester,  gave  it  to  his  sister,  the 
wife  of  Robert  d'Estrivers.  It  afterwards  came  into  the 
possession  of  the  Engains  and  Morvilles,  and  was  seized 
by  the  crown,  in  consequence  of  the  participation  of  a 
member  of  the  latter  family  in  the  murder  of  Thomas 
a  Becket.  King  John  bestowed  it,  together  with  the 
"  Sheriffwick  and  rent  of  the  county  of  Westmorland," 
upon  Robert  de  Veteripont,  lord  of  Curvaville,  in  Nor- 
mandy, whose  grandson,  Robert,  joining  the  confederated 
barons,  in  the  reign  of  Henry  III.,  it  escheated  to  the 
crown,  but  was  restored  to  the  two  younger  daughters 
of  Robert,  and  subsequently,  by  marriage,  came  into 
the  possession  of  the  illustrious  family  of  Clifford, 
whose  descendants,  the  Tuftons,  earls  of  Thanet,  have 
ever  since  enjoyed  it,  with  all  its  rights  and  dignities. 
The  town  was  anciently  of  much  greater  magnitude 
than  it  is  at  present,  as  is  evident  from  the  situation 
of  a  township  called  Burruls  (Borough  Walls),  a  mile 
distant,  and  from  the  discovery  of  old  foundations  at 
the  distance  of  more  than  two  miles,  to  which  the  town 
and  its  suburbs  formerly  extended.  An  ancient  record, 
about  the  period  of  the  reign  of  Edward  I.,  makes  men- 
tion of  a  sheriff  of  Applebyshire  ;  from  which  it  appears 
that  the  town  gave  name  to  one  of  those  districts  into 
which  Edward  the  Confessor  divided  the  earldom  of 
Northumberland.  It  retained  its  importance  from  the 
time  of  the  Romans  until  the  year  1 176,  when  William, 
King  of  Scotland,  surprised  the  castle,  and  destroyed 
the  town ;  from  which  calamity,  however,  it  had  so 
far  recovered  in  the  reign  of  Henry  III.,  that  a  court 
of  exchequer  was  established  here.  A  Carmelite  mo- 
nastery was  founded  at  Battleborough,  in  the  parish  of 
St.  Michael,  in  l<281,  by  the  Lords  Vesey,  Clifford, 
and  Percy,  the  site  of  which  is  now  occupied  by  a  neat 
modern  mansion,  called  the  Friary.  In  the  year  1388 
the  town  was  again  totally  laid  waste  by  the  Scots, 
from  the  effects  of  which  it  never  afterwards  recovered  : 
so  that,  in  the  reign  of  Philip  and  Mary,  it  was  found 
necessary  to  reduce  the  ancient  fee-farm  rent,  due  to  the 
crown,  from  twenty  marks  to  two.  In  1598  it  was 
nearly  depopulated  by  the  plague,  and  its  market  was 
consequently  removed  to  Gilshaughlin,  a  village,  five 
miles  distant.  At  the  commencement  of  the  parliamen- 
tary war,  the  castle  was  garrisoned  for  the  king  by  the 
Lady  Anne  Clifford,  Countess  of  Pembroke  and  Mont- 
gomery, and  continued  in  his  interest  until  after  the 
battle  of  Marston-Moor,  when  all  the  northern  for- 
tresses fell  into  the  possession  of  the  parliament. 

The  TOWN  is  pleasantly  situated  on  the  river  Eden, 
by  which  it  is  almost  surrounded,  and  on  the  great 
north  road  ;  it  is  well  paved  and  amply  supplied  with 
water,  and  consists  of  one  spacious  street,  intersected 
at  right  angles  by  three  smaller,  and  terminated  at  one 
extremity  by  the  castle,  and  at  the  other  by  the  church 
of  St.  Lawrence  ;  at' each  end  also  is  a  handsome  stone 
obelisk,  or  cross.  An  ancient  stone  bridge  of  two 
arches,  over  the  Eden,  connects  the  suburb  of  Bongate 
with  the  borough.  The  castle  stands  on  a  steep  and 
richly-wooded  eminence  rising  from  the  river :  it  suf- 
fered much  in  the  wars  with  Scotland,  especially  in  the 
reigns  of  Richard  II.  and  Henry  IV.  Of  the  original 
structure,  said  to  be  of  Roman  foundation,  only  a 
detached  portion,  called  Cresar's  tower,  and  a  small 
part  of  the  south-east  end,  remain  j  the  greater  part  of 
64 


it  was  rebuilt  by  Lord  Clifford,  in  the  reign  of  Henry 
VI.,  and  again  by  Thomas,  Earl  of  Thanet,  in  1686. 
The  castle  is  of  square  form,  and  contains  several  apart- 
ments of  noble  dimensions,  adorned  with  a  large  and 
valuable  collection  of  ancient  family  portraits ;  the 
magnificent  suit  of  gold  and  steel  armour  worn  by 
George  Clifford  in  the  tilt-yard,  when  he  acted  as  cham- 
pion to  his  royal  mistress  Queen  Elizabeth,  is  also  pre- 
served here,  as  too  is  the  famous  genealogical  picture  of 
the  Veteriponts,  Cliffords,  and  Tuftons.  The  shrievalty 
of  the  county  of  Westmorland  is  hereditary,  and  has 
descended  lineally  through  the  male  and  female  line 
from  the  year  1066  to  the  present  time.  The  castle 
has  been  from  time  immemorial  the  temporary  resi- 
dence of  the  judges  travelling  the  northern  circuit,  who 
are  entertained  here  at  the  expense  of  the  Earl  of  Thanet. 
In  the  vicinity  are  lead-mines  worked  by  the  London  Min- 
ing Company  ;  also  quarries  of  red  freestone  used  for 
building;  and  at  Coupland-Beck  is  a  carding  and  spin- 
ning-mill, where  yarn  is  spun  for  coarse  woollen  cloth, 
stockings,  and  carpets.  The  market  is  on  Saturday;  and 
fairs  are  held  on  the  Saturday  before  Whit- Sunday,  for 
cattle ;  on  Whit-Monday  for  linen  cloth,  and  the  hiring 
of  servants  ;  the  second  Wednesday  in  June  (commonly 
called  Brampton  Fair),  and  the  21st  of  August,  for 
horses,  cattle,  sheep,  woollen  cloth,  cheese,  and  other 
articles.  The  market-house,  or  the  cloisters,  is  a  hand- 
some structure  near  the  church,  rebuilt  by  the  cor- 
poration in  1811,  in  the  early  style  of  English  archi- 
tecture, after  a  design  by  Mr.  Smirke. 

Appleby,  which  is  a  BOROUGH  by  prescription,  re- 
ceived a  charter  of  incorporation  from  Henry  I.,  with 
privileges  equal  to  those  of  York,  which  was  confirmed 
by  Henry  II.,  King  John,  Henry  III.,  Edward  I.,  and 
Edward  III. ;  the  last  monarch's  charter  reciting  that 
the  borough  had  been  seized  by  Edward  II.  for  an 
arrear  of  rent,  and  was  then  in  the  possession  of  the 
crown ;  and  granting  the  town  again  to  the  burgesses, 
on  the  same  terms  as  before.  The  officers  of  the  corpo- 
ration are  a  mayor,  deputy-mayor,  twelve  aldermen,  and 
sixteen  common-councilmen,  assisted  by  a  recorder, 
town-clerk,  two  coroners,  two  chamberlains,  a  sword- 
bearer,  mace-bearer,  two  sergeants-at-mace,  and  two 
bailiffs ;  the  mayor  is  a  justice  of  the  peace,  but  exer- 
cises only  a  limited  jurisdiction.  Petty-sessions  are 
held  here  by  the  county  magistrates  every  Saturday ; 
the  assizes  for  the  county  also  take  place  here ;  and  the 
general  quarter-sessions  are  held  alternately  at  Appleby 
and  Kendal,  the  Easter  and  Michaelmas  at  the  former, 
and  the  Epiphany  and  Midsummer  at  the  latter.  The 
town-hall  is  a  large  ancient  edifice  in  the  principal 
street.  The  county  gaol  and  house  of  correction  has 
been  adapted  to  the  radiating  plan  :  adjoining  it  is  the 
shire-hall,  built  in  1771-  The  borough  sent  members  to 
parliament  from  the  23rd  of  Edward  I.,  but  was  dis- 
franchised by  the  act  of  the  2nd  of  William  IV.  cap. 
45  :  the  right  of  election  was  vested  in  the  'holders  of 
burgage  tenements,  in  number  about  200 ;  and  the 
mayor  was  the  returning  officer.  Appleby  is  the  place 
of  election  of  knights  of  the  shire,  for  which  also  it  has 
been  constituted  a  polling-place. 

The  town  is  situated  in  the  parishes  of  St.  Lawrence 
and  St.  Michael,  that  portion  of  it  which  is  in  the  latter 
being  named  Bongate  :  St.  Lawrence's  contains  a  popu- 
lation of  1354,  and  St.  Michael's  one  of  1165.  The 


A  P  PL 


A  P  PL 


LIVINGS  of  both  are  vicarages.  That  of  St.  Lawrence 
is  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £9.  5.  2^.,  and  has  a 
net  income  of  £306  :  it  is  in  the  patronage  of  the  Dean 
and  Chapter  of  Carlisle,  and  attached  to  it  are  51  acres 
of  ancient  glebe,  and  252  allotted  in  lieu  of  tithes.  That 
of  St.  Michael  is  valued  at  £20.  13.  9. ;  net  income, 
£175)  patron,  Bishop  of  Carlisle.  The  tithes  of  the 
manor  of  Appleby  were  commuted  for  land,  under  an  in- 
closure  act,  in  1772  :  the  Dean  and  Chapter  are  appro- 
priators  of  both  parishes.  The  church  of  St.  Lawrence 
is  partly  in  the  decorated,  and  partly  in  the  later  style  of 
English  architecture ;  it  contains  the  remains  of  Anne, 
the  celebrated  Countess  of  Pembroke,  Dorset,  and 
Montgomery,  who  died  in  1675,  and  of  her  mother,  the 
Countess  of  Cumberland,  to  the  memory  of  each  of 
whom  there  is  a  splendid  marble  monument.  The 
church  of  St.  Michael  is  situated  about  three-quarters  of 
a  mile  south-east  of  the  town  ;  and  about  three  miles 
and  a  half  from  it,  between  the  villages  of  Hilton  and 
Murton,  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Wesleyans.  The  free 
grammar  school,  founded  by  the  burghers,  existed  long 
before  the  dissolution  of  religious  houses,  but  was  estab- 
lished on  its  present  foundation  in  the  16th  of  Elizabeth, 
when  the  management  was  vested  in  ten  governors,  who 
are  a  corporate  body :  the  endowment,  arising  from 
different  sources,  is  about  £200  per  annum.  It  has  five 
exhibitions,  of  £8  per  annum  each,  to  Queen's  College, 
Oxford,  founded  by  Thomas,  Earl  of  Thanet,  in  1720, 
and  is  entitled  to  send  candidates  for  one  of  Lady 
Elizabeth  Hastings'  exhibitions  to  the  same  college. 
Dr.  Bedel,  Bishop  of  Kilmore ;  Dr.  Barlow,  Bishop  of 
Lincoln  ;  Drs.  Smith  and  Waugh,  Bishops  of  Carlisle ; 
and  Dr.  Langhorne,  the  translator  of  Plutarch,  were 
educated  in  the  school.  Other  schools  on  the  national  plan 
have  also  been  established  ;  and  there  is  an  endowment 
in  land,  producing  about  £7  per  annum,  which  is  ap- 
plied in  aid  of  a  school  in  the  township  of  Murton, 
called  Thwaite  school.  St.  Ann's  hospital,  for  13  aged 
widows,  was  founded  and  endowed  in  1653,  by  Anne, 
Countess  of  Pembroke ;  the  revenue  arising  from  lands 
is  about  £490,  and  it  has  a  considerable  funded  pro- 
perty. The  building,  which  is  quadrangular,  comprises 
13  distinct  habitations  and  a  neat  chapel ;  the  chaplain 
and  sisters  are  appointed  by  the  Earl  of  Thanet,  as  heir 
of  the  Countess,  who  left  also  various  lands  at  Temple- 
Sowerby,  in  this  parish,  for  repairing  the  church,  school- 
house,  town-hall,  and  bridge.  In  the  neighbourhood 
were  two  ancient  hospitals  for  lepers,  dedicated  respec- 
tively to  St.  Leonard  and  St.  Nicholas  ;  the  estate  of  the 
latter  was  applied  by  the  countess  towards  the  endow- 
ment of  her  almshouse.  There  was  also  a  chapel  at  the 
western  end  of  the  stone  bridge  of  St.  Lawrence ;  and 
the  ruins  of  another  have  been  found  at  Chapel  hill. 
About  a  mile  north  of  the  village  of  Crackenthorpe,  on 
the  ancient  Roman  way,  was  a  Roman  encampment ; 
and  a  little  further  to  the  north  was  discovered,  on  sink- 
ing the  foundation  of  a  new  bridge,  in  1838,  between 
the  parish  of  St.  Michael  and  Kirkby-Thore,  a  variety  of 
Roman  coins  and  other  antiquities.  At  Machill  bank, 
near  the  Roman  way,  urns  have  been  found  in  circular 
pits  of  clay,  apparently  dug  for  their  reception.  Thomas 
de  Appleby,  Bishop  of  Carlisle,  and  Roger  de  Appleby, 
Bishop  of  Ossory,  were  natives  of  the  town. 

APPLEDORE,  a  small  sea- port  town,  in  the  parish 
of  NORTHAM,  union  of  BIDEFORD,  hundred  of  SHEB- 
VOL.  I.— 65 


BEAR,  Great  Torrington  and  N.  divisions  of  DEVON,  3 
miles  (N.)  from  Bideford  ;  containing  2174  inhabitants. 
This  spot  is  celebrated  in  history  for  the  many  battles 
between  the  Saxons  and  the  Danes  which  took  place  in 
the  immediate  vicinity,  more  especially  for  the  decisive 
and  important  victory  obtained,  by  Earl  Odun  and  the 
men  of  Devon,  over  a  large  army  of  Danes  under  the 
command  of  Hubba,  who,  in  the  reign  of  Alfred,  landed 
here  with  thirty-three  ships.  The  invaders  were  re- 
pulsed with  great  slaughter  and  the  loss  of  their  leader, 
who,  being  taken  prisoner,  was  beheaded  on  a  hill  in 
the  neighbourhood,  on  which  a  stone  has  been  erected 
to'  mark  the  spot,  and  which  still  retains  the  name  of 
Hubberstone  hill.  The  town  is  pleasantly  situated  on 
the  shore  of  Barnstaple  bay,  and,  from  its  facilities  for 
sea-bathing,  the  mildness  of  its  climate,  and  the  ro- 
mantic beauty  and  variety  of  the  surrounding  scenery,  has 
been  gradually  growing  into  importance  as  a  favourite 
watering-place.  The  beach,  which  is  from  two  to  three 
miles  in  length,  is  a  firm  level  sand,  affording  an  excel- 
lent promenade ;  and  there  are  some  agreeable  walks 
and  rides  in  the  vicinity.  The  streets  are  for  the  greater 
part  narrow  and  inconvenient,  but,  leading  down  to  the 
beach,  they  are  ventilated  by  a  current  of  pure  air  ;  and 
the  atmosphere,  impregnated  with  saline  particles  from 
the  sea,  and  softened  by  the  adjacent  hills,  is  considered 
very  favourable  for  invalids.  The  market  is  well  sup- 
plied with  fish,  and  with  every  other  kind  of  provisions. 
The  Burrows,  a  fine  tract  of  land,  on  which  every  in- 
habitant householder  has  the  right  of  common,  is  de- 
fended from  the  sea  by  an  embankment  called  Pebble- 
ridge,  which  is  nearly  two  miles  in  length,  150  feet  broad 
at  the  base,  and  considerably  higher  than  high-water 
mark.  The  parish  church  at  Northam,  being  about  a 
mile  and  a  half  distant,  a  chapel  of  ease  has  been  lately 
erected  here  by  subscription,  containing  550  sittings,  of 
which  275  are  free.  There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  In- 
dependents, and  there  was  formerly  a  Roman  Catholic 
chapel. 

APPLEDORE  (ST.  PJST&R  AND  ST.  PAUL),  a  parish, 
in  the  union  of  TENTERDEN,  partly  in  the  liberties  of 
ROMNEY  MARSH,  but  chiefly  in  the  hundred  of  BLACK- 
BOURNE,  lathe  of  SCRAY,  W.  division  of  KENT,  6  miles 
(S.  E.  by  S.)  from  Tenterden ;  containing  561  inhabit- 
ants. Some  trade  is  carried  on  in  coal,  timber,  and 
other  merchandise,  by  means  of  the  Royal  Military 
canal,  which  passes  close  to  the  village.  The  living  is  a 
vicarage,  with  Ebony  annexed,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £21 ;  net  income,  £185;  patron  and  appro- 
priator,  Archbishop  of  Canterbury.  The  church  is  a 
spacious  edifice,  in  various  styles,  with  a  Norman  tower, 
which  appears  to  have  formed  part  of  the  ancient  castle, 
on  the  site  of  which  the  church  is  built.  There  is  a 
place  of  worship  for  Wesleyans. 

APPLEDRAM  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
WEST  HAMPNETT,  hundred  of  Box  and  STOCKBRIDGE, 
rape  of  CHICHESTER,  W.  division  of  SUSSEX,  l|-  mile 
(S.  W.)  from  Chichester  ;  containing  156  inhabitants. 
It  is  bounded  on  the  west  by  the  harbour  of  Chichester, 
and  is  of  very  small  extent.  Considerable  business  is 
done  in  the  timber  and  coal  trade  at  Dell  Quay  harbour. 
The  manor-house,  crowned  with  turrets,  and  surrounded 
by  a  moat,  is  a  good  specimen  of  the  style  of  domestic 
architecture  of  the  reign  of  Henry  VIII.  :  near  it  are  the 
remains  of  another  ancient  house,  now  occupied  by  a 

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A  P  PL 


farmer.  The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy,  valued  in  the 
king's  books  at  £14;  net  income,  £34;  patrons  and 
appropriators,  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Chichester.  The 
church  is  in  the  early  English  style. 

APPLEFORD,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish  of  SUTTON- 
COURTNEY,  union  of  ABINGDON,  hundred  of  OCR, 
county  of  BERKS,  3|  miles  (S.  E.)  from  Abingdon  ;  con- 
taining 187  inhabitants,  and  comprising  820  acres.  The 
chapel  is  dedicated  to  St.  Peter  and  St.  Paul.  The 
tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £344.  10., 
payable  to  the  Dean  and  Canons  of  Windsor.  A  free 
school  was  founded  and  endowed  by  Edmund  Brad- 
stock,  for  the  education  of  twenty  poor  children,  seven 
from  the  chapelry  of  Appleford,  and  the  remainder  from 
the  parish  of  Sutton. 

APPLESHAW,  a  parish,  in  the  union  and  hundred 
of  ANDOVER,  Andover  and  N.  divisions  of  the  county  of 
SOUTHAMPTON,  5  miles  (N.  W.  by  W.)  from  Andover ; 
containing  372  inhabitants.  Fairs  for  the  sale  of  sheep 
are  held  on  May  23rd,  Oct.  9th,  and  Nov.  4th  and  5th. 
The  living  is  annexed  to  the  vicarage  of  Amport :  the 
tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £206. 
The  church,  erected  in  1832  at  an  expense  of  £1300,  is 
a  neat  edifice,  containing  270  sittings,  of  which  86  are 
free.  There  is  a  school  with  a  small  endowment. 

APPLESTHORPE,  or  APESTHORPE  (ST.  PETER), 
a  parish,  in  the  union  of  EAST  RETFORD,  North-Clay 
division  of  the  wapentake  of  BASSETLAW,  N.  division  of 
the  county  of  NOTTINGHAM,  5  miles  (N.  by  E.)  from 
East  Retford ;  containing  109  inhabitants.  It  com- 
prises 783a.  3r.  2/p.,  and  is  bounded  on  the  east  by  the 
river  Trent  ;  the  surface  is  flat,  and  the  soil  a  stiffish 
clay ;  the  land  is  rich  meadow,  near  the  Trent.  The 
living  is  a  perpetual  curacy  ;  net  income,  £81  ;  patron, 
Prebendary  of  Apesthorpe  in  the  Cathedral  of  York. 
The  tithes  were  commuted  for  land,  under  an  inclosure 
act,  in  1795.  The  church  has  been  more  than  a  century 
in  ruins,  and  the  inhabitants  therefore  attend  that  at 
North  Leverton  :  there  is,  however,  a  burial-ground, 
which  was  inclosed  in  1833. 

APPLETHWAITE,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of 
WINDERMERE,  union  and  ward  of  KENDAL,  county  of 
WESTMORLAND,  5^  miles  (S.  E.)  from  Ambleside ;  con- 
taining 436  inhabitants.  In  the  township  are  several 
beautiful  villas,  among  which  is  Calgarth  park,  com- 
menced in  1789  by  Dr.  Watson,  Bishop  of  Llandaff, 
who  occupied  it  till  his  death  in  1816,  when  his  remains 
were  interred  at  Bowness.  Two  bobbin-mills  afford 
employment  to  a  portion  of  the  population.  The  tithes 
have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £27. 

APPLETON  (ST.  LAWRENCE),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  ABINGDON,  hundred  of  OCK,  county  of  BERKS,  5| 
miles  (N.  W.)  from  Abingdon ;  comprising  1981a.  2p., 
and  containing,  with  the  township  of  Eaton,  496  in- 
habitants. It  is  bounded  on  the  north-west  by  the  river 
Thames,  which  separates  it  from  the  county  of  Oxford, 
and  on  the  south-east  by  a  small  stream  called  the  Ouse. 
The  surface  undulates  gently  from  the  banks  of  the 
Thames,  and  the  scenery  is  pleasingly  diversified  ;  the 
soil  near  the  river  is  of  a  clayey  quality,  and  in  the  more 
elevated  lands  a  rich  and  fertile  loam.  The  living  is  a 
rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £13.  5.,  and  in 
the  gift  of  Magdalene  College  :  the  tithes  have  been  com- 
muted for  a  rent-charge  of  £455,  and  the  glebe  com- 
prises 32  acres.  The  church  contains  a  few  monuments 
66 


to  the  Fettiplace  family.  A  school  was  endowed  with 
about  8  acres  of  land  by  Sir  R.  Fettiplace  and  other 
benefactors.  There  are  some  remains  of  two  ancient 
manor-houses,  each  surrounded  by  a  moat.  Dr.  Ed- 
mund Dickinson,  author  of  a  work  entitled  Delphi 
Phrenicizantes,  tracing  to  the  Bible  the  origin  of  the 
heathen  mythology,  was  born  here  in  1624. 

APPLETON,  with  HULL,  a  township,  in  the  parish 
of  GREAT  BUDWORTH,  union  of  RUNCORN,  hundred  of 
BUCKLOW,  N.  division  of  the  county  of  CHESTER,  4^ 
miles  (S.  S.  E.)  from  Warrington  3  containing  1753 
inhabitants. 

APPLETON,  with  WIDNESS,  a  township,  in  the 
union  and  parish  of  PRESCOT,  hundred  of  WEST  DERBY, 
S.  division  of  the  county  of  LANCASTER,  6f  miles  (W. 
by  S.)  from  Warrington.  The  navigable  river  Mersey 
runs  on  the  south.  There  are  places  of  worship  for 
Wesleyans  and  Roman  Catholics. 

APPLETON  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  and 
hundred  of  FREEBRIDGE-LYNN,  W.  division  of  NOR- 
FOLK, 8  miles  (N.  E.  by  E.)  from  Lynn  ;  comprising 
8760.  Ir.  1p.,  of  which  508  are  arable ;  and  containing 
25  inhabitants.  The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £8 ;  patron,  I.  Motteux, 
Esq. :  the  irnpropriate  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a 
rent-charge  of  £10,  and  the  vicarial  for  £8.  The  church 
has  fallen  into  ruins. 

APPLETON,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  CATTE- 
RICK,  union  of  RICHMOND,  wapentake  of  HANG-EAST, 
N.  riding  of  YORK,  2  miles  (S.  by  W.)  from  Catterick  ; 
containing  91  inhabitants.  It  comprises  about  1480 
acres,  and  includes  the  small  hamlets  of  East  and  West 
Appleton. 

APPLETON-LE-MOORS,  a  township,  in  the  parish 
of  LASTINGHAM,  union  of  PICKERING,  wapentake  of 
RYEDALE,  N.  riding  of  YORK,  3£  miles  (E.  N.  E.)  from 
Kirkby-Moorside  ;  containing  322  inhabitants.  It  com- 
prises about  2570  acres,  of  which  nearly  1300  are  open 
moorland  :  the  river  Seven  passes  on  the  east,  and  the 
road  from  Kirkby-Moorside  to  Pickering  on  the  south. 
There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Wesleyans.  John 
Stockton,  in  1839,  left  £10  a  year  for  the  instruction 
of  children. 

APPLETON-LE-STREET  (ALL  SXINTS),  a  parish, 
in  the  union  of  MALTON,  wapentake  of  RYEDALE,  N. 
riding  of  YORK  ;  comprising  the  townships  of  Amother- 
by,  Appleton-le-Street,  Broughton,  Hildenley,  and  Swin- 
ton;  and  containing  944  inhabitants,  of  whom  185  are 
in  the  township  of  Appleton-le-Street,  3f  miles  (W.  N. 
W.)  from  New  Malton.  This  parish,  which  is  bounded 
on  the  north  by  the  river  Rye,  is  situated  on  the  road 
to  Thirsk ;  the  surface  is  undulated,  and  the  scenery 
richly  diversified ;  limestone  of  excellent  quality  is 
abundant,  and  extensively  quarried.  The  living  is  a 
vicarage,  with  the  chapel  of  Amotherby,  valued  in  the 
king's  books  at  £7.  8.  6|. ;  net  income,  £515$  patron 
and  incumbent,  Rev.  J.  J.  Cleaver  ;  impropriators,  the 
Earl  of  Carlisle,  F.  Cresswell,  Esq.,  and  others.  The 
church  is  in  the  Norman  style,  with  a  square  tower. 

APPLETON-ROEBUCK  and  NUN-APPLETON,  a 
township,  in  the  parish  of  BOLTON-PERCY,  W.  division 
of  AINSTY  wapentake,  W.  riding  of  YORK,  7|  miles 
(S.  S.  W.)  from  York  ;  containing  564  inhabitants.  This 
place  comprises  by  computation  2800  acres,  chiefly  the 
property  of  the  Milner  family,  whose  splendid  mansion, 


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A  R  D  I 


Nun-Appleton  Hall,  stands  in  an  extensive  and  finely 
wooded  park,  near  the  confluence  of  the  rivers  Ouse  and 
Wharfe,  and  was  built  by  Thomas,  Lord  Fairfax,  on  the 
site  of  a  Cistercian  priory  for  nuns,  founded  by  Alice  de 
St.  Quintin  at  the  commencement  of  the  thirteenth  cen- 
tury, and  suppressed  at  the  dissolution.  The  village  is 
situated  in  the  vale  of  a  rivulet,  and  contains  several 
dwelling-houses.  There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Wes- 
leyans  ;  and  a  national  school,  built  by  subscription  in 
1817,  is  supported  by  the  rector  and  Sir  William  M.  S. 
Milner,  Bart. 

APPLETON-UPON-WISK,  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  NORTH-ALLERTON,  W.  division  of  the  liberty  of 
LANGBAURGH,  N.  riding  of  YORK,  7£  miles  (S.  S.  W.) 
from  Yarm  ;  containing  600  inhabitants.  The  manor, 
at  the  time  of  the  Domesday  survey,  was  in  the  hands 
of  the  Conqueror,  and  was  then  styled  Apeltune  :  it  was 
afterwards  granted  by  that  monarch  to  Robert  de  Brus, 
lord  of  Skelton,  who  gave  it  to  the  abbey  of  St.  Mary 
at  York ;  and  with  that  institution  it  continued  till  the 
dissolution,  when  it  was  bestowed  by  Henry  VIII.  upon 
Sir  Charles  Brandon,  Knt.  The  parish,  which  is  bounded 
on  the  south  by  the  river  Wisk,  is  about  two  miles  in 
length  from  east  to  west,  and  a  mile  and  a  half  broad, 
and  comprises  1827«.  2r.  25ju.,  of  which  1101  acres  are 
arable,  666  grass  land,  27  wood,  and  32  cottages,  gar- 
dens, roads,  and  waste  ;  the  soil  is  a  strong  clay,  and 
the  fields,  which  adjoining  the  river  are  low,  rise  from  it 
by  a  gradual  and  easy  ascent  towards  the  north.  The 
manufacture  of  linen  is  carried  on  to  a  considerable  ex- 
tent, and  affords  employment  to  about  100  of  the  inha- 
bitants. The  village  is  situated  at  the  southern  extre- 
mity of  the  parish,  in  the  most  westerly  part  of  Cleveland, 
and  is  intersected  by  the  roads  between  Richmond  and 
Stokesley  and  North-Allerton  and  Yarm.  The  living  is 
annexed  to  the  rectory  of  Great  Smeaton  ;  net  income, 
exclusively  of  Great  Smeaton,  £185  ;  impropriator, 
Rev.  J.  Hewgill.  The  church  is  a  small  ancient  build- 
ing. There  are  places  of  worship  for  Independents, 
Primitive  Methodists,  and  Wesleyans ;  and  three  small 
schools  are  partly  supported  by  the  parents  of  the  chil- 
dren, and  partly  by  subscription. 

APPLETREE,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  ASTON- 
LE-WALLS,  union  of  BANBURY,  hundred  of  CHIPPING- 
WARDEN,  S.  division  of  the  county  of  NORTHAMPTON, 
7  miles  (N.  N.  E.)  from  Banbury ;  containing  92  inha- 
bitants, and  comprising  526a.  30jo,  It  is  situated  on  the 
borders  of  Oxfordshire,  which  bounds  it  on  the  south- 
west. 

APPLETREE-WICK,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of 
BURNSALL,  union  of  SKIPTON,  E.  division  of  the  wapen- 
take  of  STAINCI.IFFE  and  EWCROSS,  W.  riding  of  YORK, 
9  miles  (N.  E.  by  N.)  from  Skipton  ;  containing  467  inha- 
bitants. This  township,  which  forms  the  eastern  side 
of  Wharfdale,  and  includes  the  hamlets  of  Gateup  and 
Skireholm,  comprises  by  computation  7740  acres,  chiefly 
the  property  of  the  Earl  of  Craven,  and  W.  H.  F.  Caven- 
dish, and  John  Yorke,  Esqrs.,  which  last  is  lord  of  the 
manor  :  the  lands  are  chiefly  a  high  moorland  district 
affording  tolerable  pasture.  The  village  is  pleasantly 
situated ;  and  a  fair  for  horses  and  cattle  is  held  annu- 
ally on  the  25th  of  Oct.  under  a  charter  granted  in  the 
reign  of  Edward  III.  Christ-church  in  Skireholm  was 
erected  in  1837  by  subscription,  at  a  cost  of  £240,  as  a 
chapel  of  ease  to  the  mother  church  :  it  is  a  neat  small 
67 


edifice.  William  Craven,  lord  mayor  of  London  in 
1611,  and  whose  son  was  created  Baron  Craven  in  the 
2nd,  and  Earl  of  Craven  in  the  16th,  of  Charles  II.,  an- 
cestor of  the  present  earl,  was  a  native  of  this  place. 

ARBORFIELD  (ST.  BARTHOLOMEW),  a  parish,  in 
the  union  of  WOKTNGH AM,  hundred  of  SONNING,  county 
of  BERKS,  5  miles  (S.  E.  by  S.)  from  Reading  ;  com- 
prising 1468a.  2r.  25p.,  and  containing  300  inhabitants. 
The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£8,  and  in  the  gift  of  Lord  Braybrooke  :  the  tithes  have 
been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £398.  A  school  is 
supported  by  subscription.  The  village  of  Arborfield 
Cross,  about  a  mile  from  the  church,  is  partly  in  this 
parish,  and  partly  in  that  of  Hurst. 

ARBURY,  with  HOUGHTON  and  MIDDLETON,  a 
township,  in  the  parish  of  WINWICK,  union  of  WAR- 
RINGTON,  hundred  of  WEST  DERBY,  S.  division  of  the 
county  of  LANCASTER,  2^  miles  (N.  by  E.)  from  War- 
rington. 

ARCLEBY,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  PLUMBLAND, 
union  of  COCKERMOUTH,  ALLERDALE  ward  below  Der- 
went,  W.  division  of  CUMBERLAND,  7  miles  (N.  N.  E.) 
from  Cockermouth.  There  are  some  coal-works  in  the 
vicinity. 

ARCLID,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  SANDBACH, 
union  of  CONGLETON,  hundred  of  NORTHWICH,  S.  divi- 
sion of  the  county  of  CHESTER,  2  miles  (E.  N.  E.)  from 
Sandbach  :  containing  121  inhabitants.  The  impro- 
priate  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of 
£29.  0.  6.,  and  the  vicarial  for  one  of  £39.  3.  8. 

ARDEN,  with  ARDENSIDE,  a  township,  in  the  parish 
of  HAWNB\,  union  of  HELMSLEY,  wapentake  of  BIRD- 
FORTH,  N.  riding  of  YORK,  8  miles  (N.  W.  by  W.)  from 
Helmsley  ;  containing  137  inhabitants.  A  small  Bene- 
dictine nunnery  in  connexion  with  Rivaulx  abbey,  about 
four  miles  distant,  was  founded  here  about  1150,  the 
revenue  of  which,  at  the  dissolution,  was  £12:  Arden 
Hall  is  built  upon  its  site.  In  1757,  John  Smales  and 
Gregory  Elsley  bequeathed  £120.  5.,  directing  the 
produce  to  be  applied  to  the  instruction  of  six  poor  boys. 

ARDINGLEY,  or  ERTHINGLEY,  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  CUCKFIELD,  hundred  of  BUTTINGHILL,  rape  of 
LEWES,  E.  division  of  SUSSEX,  6  miles  (N.  E.  by  N.) 
from  Cuckfield  ;  containing  742  inhabitants.  It  is  situ- 
ated on  the  road  to  Brighton  through  Linfield,  and  is 
intersected  by  the  London  and  Brighton  railway.  In 
the  hamlet  of  Hepsted  Green  a  pleasure  fair  is  held  on 
the  30th  of  May.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in 
the  king's  books  at  £19.  5.  10.;  net  income,  £498; 
patron,  J.  W.  Peyton,  Esq.  The  church  is  a  handsome 
structure,  in  the  decorated  English  style,  and  contains 
several  ancient  monuments  to  the  Culpepper  family. 

ARDINGTON  (THE  HOLY  TRINITY),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  and  hundred  of  WANTAGE,  county  of  BERKS,  2f 
miles  (E.)  from  Wantage  ;  containing  405  inhabitants. 
It  contains  by  computation  2190  acres,  and  is  intersected 
by  the  Wilts  and  Berks  canal :  the  surface  is  flat,  except 
at  the  northern  extremity,  which  contains  a  portion  of 
the  chalk  hills  extending  through  this  county  and  Wilt- 
shire. The  northern  part  has  some  good  meadow  lands, 
and  the  middle  is  a  rich  loam  well  adapted  for  corn. 
The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £8.  7-  9-,  and  in  the  patronage  of  the  Dean 
and  Canons  of  Christ-Church,  Oxford  :  the  church  has 
a  narrow  south  aisle  divided  from  the  nave  by  pointed 

K2 


A  RDS 


A  RE  L 


arches,  and  at  the  east  end  a  small  transept.  There  are 
two  schools.  The  Roman  Ikeneld-street  passed  through 
the  parish. 

ARDLEIGH  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  and 
hundred  of  TENDRING,  N.  division  of  ESSEX,  4|-  miles 
(N.  E.)  from  Colchester ;  containing  1605  inhabitants. 
The  parish,  which  comprises  4953  acres,  is  situated  on 
the  road  from  Colchester  to  Harwich,  and  a  fair  is  held 
on  Sept.  29th.  The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £11.  0.  10.,  and  in  the 
patronage  of  the  Crown  ;  net  income,  £258 ;  appro- 
priator,  Archdeacon  of  Colchester.  The  church  is  an 
ancient  structure,  partly  rebuilt  of  brick,  with  the  origi- 
nal square  embattled  tower  of  stone.  There  is  a  place 
of  worship  for  Wesleyans.  In  1571  William  Littlebury 
bequeathed  a  farm  called  Wrabnass,  now  let  for  £250 
per  annum,  for  the  instruction  of  boys  of  Ardleigh, 
Dedham,  and  other  places  adjacent. 

ARDLEY  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
BICESTER,  hundred  of  PLOUGHLEY,  county  of  OXFORD, 
4  miles  (N.  W.  by  N.)  from  Bicester  ;  containing  168 
inhabitants.  It  contains  by  measurement  1469  acres, 
and  is  situated  on  the  road  from  Oxford  to  Northamp- 
ton. Lace  is  manufactured  here.  The  living  is  a  rec- 
tory, valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £5.  12.  8^.,  and  in 
the  gift  of  the  Duke  of  Marlborough  :  the  tithes  have 
been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £283,  and  the 
glebe  comprises  60  acres.  The  main  body  of  the  church 
was  rebuilt  in  a  plain  style  about  fifty  years  since.  In 
Ardley  wood  are  the  foundations  of  an  ancient  castle, 
built  by  the  Normans,  in  the  reign  of  Stephen,  on  the 
site  of  a  fortification  which  had  been  raised  by  Offa, 
King  of  Mercia  :  they  are  nearly  circular,  and  comprise 
an  area  about  sixty  yards  in  diameter,  surrounded  by 
a  moat. 

ARDSLEY,  a  township  and  chapelry,  in  the  parish 
of  DARFIELD,  wapentake  of  STAINCROSS,  W.  riding  of 
YORK,  2  miles  (E.  by  S.)  from  Barnsley  ;  containing 
1226  inhabitants.  Hand-loom  weaving  of  linen,  and 
the  manufacture  of  fancy  drills,  are  carried  on  here  :  a 
coal-pit  is  in  operation,  and  there  is  a  valuable  stone- 
quarry  from  which  grindstones  of  a  very  superior  quality 
are  supplied  to  the  Sheffield  and  Birmingham  manufac- 
turer?. The  Dearne  and  Dove  canal  runs  through  the 
township.  The  church,  dedicated  to  Christ,  a  cruciform 
structure  in  the  Norman  style,  was  erected  in  1841,  on 
a  site  given  by  Sir  George  Wombwell,  Bart.,  at  an  ex- 
pense of  £1200,  of  which  £400  were  contributed  by  the 
lord  of  the  manor,  £200  by  the  Incorporated  Society, 
£120  by  the  vicar  of  Darfield,  and  the  rest  by  private 
individuals  :  it  contains  500  sittings,  one-third  of  which 
are  free.  The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy,  at  present  en- 
dowed with  £50  per  annum  by  the  Pastoral  Aid  Society  j 
George  Maude,  Esq.  has  also  contributed  towards  the 
endowment,  and  the  remainder  is  supplied  by  the  vicar 
of  Darfield,  who  is  patron :  a  parsonage-house  has 
been  lately  built.  The  tithes  have  been  commuted  for 
rent-charges  amounting  to  £203.  I.  8.,  half  of  which  is 
payable  to  Trinity  College,  Cambridge,  and  half  to  the 
Rector.  There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Wesleyans.  The 
sum  of  £50,  bequeathed  by  John  Micklethwaite  in  1742, 
has  been  applied  in  erecting  a  house  for  the  residence  of 
a  schoolmaster,  in  consideration  of  which  he  teaches 
two  children  gratuitously ;  and  a  new  school-house  has 
been  completed  in  connexion  with  the  church. 
68 


ARDSLEY,  EAST,  a  parish,  in  the  union  of  WAKE- 
FIELD,  Lower  division  of  the  wapentake  of  AGBRIGG, 
W.  riding  of  YORK,  3^  miles  (N.  W.  by  N.)  from  Wake- 
field  ;  containing  900  inhabitants.  This  parish,  which 
is  in  the  honour  of  Pontefract,  comprises  about  1600  acres 
of  fertile  land  :  B.  Dealtry,  Esq.  is  lord  of  the  manor. 
The  village  is  situated  on  the  road  to  Bradford,  and  the 
surrounding  scenery  is  pleasing :  there  are  extensive 
coal-mines.  The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy  ;  net  in- 
come, £369  ;  patron  and  impropriator,  Earl  of  Cardigan. 
The  tithes  for  East  and  West  Ardsley  were  commuted 
for  land,  under  an  inclosure  act,  in  189.6.  The  church  is 
a  small  edifice,  with  a  square  tower.  There  is  a  place  of 
worship  for  Wesleyans.  A  school  is  partly  supported 
by  a  small  endowment,  and  there  are  some  bequests  for 
distribution  among  the  poor. 

ARDSLEY,  WEST  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  WAKEFIELD,  Lower  division  of  the  wapentake  of 
AGBRIGG,  W.  riding  of  YORK,  5£  miles  (S.  S.  W.)  from 
Leeds ;  containing  1420  inhabitants.  This  place,  in 
some  documents  called  Woodkirk,  from  its  ancient 
church  of  wood,  formerly  belonged  to  Nostal  priory, 
subordinate  to  which  was  a  cell  of  Black  Canons 
founded  here,  and  endowed  with  land  by  one  of  the 
family  of  the  Soothills,  in  expiation  of  the  murder  of  a 
child  :  its  revenue  at  the  dissolution  amounted  to  £17, 
and  the  foundations  of  the  building  may  still  be  traced. 
The  parish  comprises  by  measurement  2300  acres  of 
fertile  land  :  the  substratum  abounds  with  coal  of  ex- 
cellent quality,  of  which  there  are  some  extensive  mines 
in  operation.  Tingley  House  is  the  handsome  residence 
of  George  Ellis,  Esq.  :  the  village  is  pleasantly  situated, 
and  the  surrounding  scenery  pleasingly  diversified.  Fairs 
for  horses,  &c.  are  held  on  Aug.  24th  and  Sept.  17th. 
The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy  j  net  income,  £265, 
derived  from  land  ;  patron  and  impropriator,  the  Earl  of 
Cardigan,  who  is  lord  of  the  manor.  The  church,  an 
ancient  structure  in  the  early  English  style,  having 
fallen  into  dilapidation,  was  partly  rebuilt  in  1832,  and 
the  chancel  in  1834;  the  ancient  stalls  and  monuments 
have  been  preserved  in  the  present  structure,  and  among 
the  latter  is  a  monument  to  Sir  John  Topclifle,  chief 
justice  and  master  of  the  mint  in  the  reigns  of  Henry 
VII.  and  VIII.,  who  resided  at  Topcliffe  Hall,  now  a 
farm-house.  The  Wesleyans  have  a  place  of  worship. 
There  is  a  small  bequest  by  Mr.  Joshua  Scholeficld  for 
the  instruction  of  children  ;  and  some  trifling  benefac- 
tions have  been  left  for  distribution  among  the  poor. 

ARDWICK,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish  of  MANCHES- 
TER, union  of  CHORLTON,  hundred  of  SALFORD,  S. 
division  of  the  county  of  LANCASTER,  1  mile  (S.  E. 
by  E.)  from  Manchester ;  containing  9906  inhabitants. 
Owing  to  its  proximity  to  Manchester,  Ardwick  parti- 
cipates extensively  in  the  trade  of  that  place.  The  living 
is  a  perpetual  curacy  ;  net  income,  £294  ;  patrons  and 
appropriators,  the  Dean  and  Canons  of  Manchester. 
The  chapel  is  dedicated  to  St.  Thomas.  There  is  a  place 
of  worship  for  Wesleyans. 

ARELEY- KING'S,  or  LOWER  ARELEY  (Sr.  BAR- 
THOLOMEW), a.  parish,  in  the  union  of  MARTLEY,  Upper 
division  of  the  hundred  of  DODDINGTRKE,  the  Hundred- 
House  and  W.  divisions  of  the  county  of  WORCESTER, 
\  a  mile  (S.  W.  by  W.)  from  Stourport ;  containing  423 
inhabitants.  It  comprises  1449  acres  by  a  late  admea- 
surement, and  is  separated  from  Stourport  by  the  river 


A  R  K  E 


A  R  K  E 


Severn.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £9,  and  in  the  patronage  of  the  Rector  of 
Hartley  :  the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent- 
charge  of  £358,  and  there  is  a  glebe  of  41  acres,  with  a 
house.  The  church  is  situated  on  a  considerable  emi- 
nence commanding  a  fine  prospect,  and  nearly  over- 
hanging the  river,  which  flows  through  a  rich  valley  at 
the  base.  In  the  burial-ground  is  a  singular  sepulchral 
monument,  of  the  date  of  about  1690,  supposed  to  com- 
memorate Sir  Harry  Coningsby,  of  Hampton  Court, 
who  lived  in  seclusion  in  this  parish,  in  consequence  of 
the  loss  of  his  only  child.  Here  is  a  national  school ; 
and  an  estate  of  the  value  of  £16  per  annum,  given  by 
Wm.  Stevens  in  1653,  is  vested  in  trustees,  for  the 
repair  and  maintenance  of  the  church. 

ARELEY,  UPPER  (Sr.  PETER),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  KIDDERMINSTER,  S.  division  of  the  hundred 
of  SEISDON  and  of  the  county  of  STAFFORD,  5^  miles 
(N.  W.  by  W.)  from  Kidderminster;  containing  667  in- 
habitants. The  village  occupies  a  romantic  situation 
near  the  margin  of  the  river  Severn,  and  the  parish 
comprises  3803a.  3r.  12p. :  a  thin  stratum  of  coal  is 
worked,  and  there  are  quarries  of  red  freestone,  of  which 
large  blocks  are  raised  for  building,  and  which  is  also 
used  for  grindstones  and  millstones.  Areley  Hall  is  the 
residence  of  the  Earl  of  Mountnorris,  who,  when  Viscount 
Valentia,  published  his  interesting  travels  in  the  east. 
The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy  ;  patron  and  impro- 
priator,  Lord  Mountnorris.  The  great  tithes  have  been 
commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £391.  7 '.,  and  those  of 
the  incumbent  for  £305  :  the  impropriate  glebe  consists 
of  199  acres  ;  the  glebe  belonging  to  the  incumbent  con- 
tains only  about  a  quarter  of  an  acre,  on  which  the 
glebe-house  stands.  The  church  is  situated  on  an  emi- 
nence commanding  a  fine  prospect.  A  school  is  sup- 
ported by  subscription. 

ARGAM,  or  ERGHAM  (Sr.  JOHN  THE  BAPTIST),  a 
parish,  in  the  union  of  BRIDLINGTON,  wapentake  of 
DICKERING,  E.  riding  of  YORK,  5^  miles  (N.  W.)  from 
Bridlington  ;  containing  30  inhabitants.  The  parish  is 
situated  near  the  road  leading  from  Bridlington  to  Mai- 
ton,  and  comprises  by  computation  510  acres  of  land, 
occupied  in  farms.  The  living  is  a  discharged  rectory, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £4,  and  in  the  patronage  of 
C.  Grimston,  Esq.,  with  a  net  income  of  £21.  The  church 
was  one  of  the  chapels  of  Hunmanby,  until  it  was  appro- 
priated to  the  abbey  of  Bardensey ;  but  few  traces  of 
it  now  remain. 

ARKENDALE,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish  of  KNARES- 
BOROTJGH,  Lower  division  of  the  wapentake  of  CLARO, 
W.  riding  of  YORK,  4  miles  (N.  E.)  from  Knares- 
borough  ;  containing  261  inhabitants.  This  place  com- 
prises 15l6a.  2r.  35p.,  of  which  more  than  two-thirds 
are  arable,  and  the  remainder  meadow  and  pasture,  with 
about  4^  acres  of  wood  ;  the  soil  is  partly  sand,  but 
mostly  clay,  producing  good  crops  of  wheat,  barley, 
oats,  and  turnips  ;  the  surface  is  hilly,  arid  varied  and 
picturesque,  the  higher  grounds  commanding  extensive 
views.  The  village  is  situated  at  the  distance  of  a  mile 
from  the  Boroughbridge  and  Wetherby,  and  the  Borough- 
bridge  and  Knaresborough  roads.  The  living  is  a  per- 
petual curacy,  in  the  patronage  of  the  Vicar  of  Knares- 
borough, with  a  net  income  of  £90  :  the  tithes  for  the 
manor  were  commuted  for  land,  under  an  inclosure  act, 
iu  1/73,  and  a  rent-charge  of  £107  has  been  lately 
69 


awarded  as  a  commutation  for  the  impropriate  tithes. 
The  church,  dedicated  to  St.  Bartholomew,  was  rebuilt 
in  1836,  at  a  cost  of  about  £750,  raised  by  subscription, 
aided  by  a  grant  of  £100  from  the  Incorporated  Society: 
it  is  a  handsome  edifice  of  white  brick  and  stone,  in  the 
early  English  style,  with  a  square  embattled  tower,  and 
contains  210  sittings,  of  which  144  are  free.  A  parson- 
age-house, pleasantly  situated  on  an  eminence,  was  built 
in  1841,  at  an  expense  of  £544,  also  raised  by  subscrip- 
tion, aided  by  a  grant  of  £200  from  the  Ripon  Diocesan 
Society.  There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Wesleyans.  A 
day  school  for  boys,  and  a  Sunday  school  for  children 
of 'both  sexes,  are  supported  by  subscription. 

ARKENGARTH  -  DALE,  or  ARKENDALE  (Sx. 
MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of  RICHMOND,  wapen- 
take of  GILLING-WEST,  N.  riding  of  YORK,  12  miles 
(W.  by  N.)  from  Richmond  ;  containing  1243  inhabit- 
ants. This  is  a  large  moorland  parish,  the  most  in- 
teresting part  of  which  is  its  picturesque  dale,  about 
eight  miles  long,  arid  beautifully  studded  with  rural 
hamlets,  whereof  the  principal  are  Arkle,  Booze,  Eskey- 
lith,  Langthwaite,  Whaw,  Seal-houses,  and  Dale-head  : 
it  comprises  by  computation  14,256  acres,  of  which 
3200  are  pasture  and  meadow,  5  arable,  51  wood,  50 
public  roads,  and  10,950  common  land.  The  district 
abounds  in  lead-ore,  lying  principally  in  high  and  bleak 
moors,  in  the  vicinity  of  the  Arkle  rivulet,  on  whose 
south  side  the  mountain  called  Water  Crag  rises  2186 
feet  above  the  level  of  the  sea  :  these  lead-mines  are  of 
great  antiquity,  some  of  them  having  been  worked  in 
the  reign  of  King  John,  and  they  are  still  very  produc- 
tive. There  are  also  extensive  smelting-works,  where 
more  than  1000  tons  of  lead  are  made  into  ingots  yearly; 
and  two  excellent  slate-quarries  are  in  operation.  The 
road  leading  from  Reeth,  in  Swaledale,  to  Kirkby-Ste- 
phen  and  Brough,  in  Westmorland,  passes  through  the 
whole  length  of  the  parish. 

The  LIVING  is  a  perpetual  curacy,  in  the  patronage  of 
Sir  John  Lowther,  Bart.,  the  impropriator,  with  a  net 
income  of  £123.  The  present  church,  built  in  1818, 
stands  about  half  a  mile  from  the  site  of  the  old  edifice, 
and  is  a  small  but  neat  stone  structure  capable  of  ac- 
commodating from  500  to  600  persons  ;  the  cost  of  its 
erection,  between  £2000  and  £3000,  was  defrayed,  partly 
by  money  bequeathed  by  the  late  George  Brown,  Esq., 
lord  of  the  manor,  and  partly  by  the  Rev.  John  Gilpin, 
the  present  lord.  A  neat  parsonage-house  was  built  in 
1838,  by  subscription,  aided  by  £200  Queen  Anne's 
Bounty,  and  a  contribution  from  Sir  John  Lowther  of 
£100.  At  Langthwaite  are  places  of  worship  for  Primi- 
tive Methodists  and  Wesleyans.  George  Brown,  Esq., 
in  1813,  built  a  free  school,  of  which  the  master  has  a 
salary  of  £60,  including  £16  per  annum  bequeathed  by 
John  Bathurst,  Esq.  M.D.,  in  1659,  with  a  house  and 
garden,  and  a  small  plot  of  land  rent-free.  Dr. 
Bathurst  also  left  £12  per  annum  for  the  instruction  of 
children  in  the  manor  of  New  Forest,  for  which  the 
school  at  Helwith,  in  that  district,  is  now  kept ;  and 
two  sums,  each  of  £4  per  annum,  for  apprenticing  chil- 
dren of  that  place  and  Arkengarth-dale. 

ARKESDEN  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
SAFFRON- WALDEN,  hundred  of  UTTLESFORD,  N.  divi- 
sion of  ESSEX,  3  miles  (E.)  from  Newport,  and  9  miles 
(N.)  from  Bishop  Stortford ;  containing  498  inhabitants. 
It  comprises  2297a.  2r.  28/>.,  of  which  the  surface  is 


A  RLE 


A  RLI 


undulated,  and  the  soil  a  heavy  and  tenacious  clay ;  the 
scenery  is  varied,  and  the  adjacent  country  of  interest- 
ing aspect.  The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  valued 
in  the  king's  books  at  £13.  6.  8.  j  net  income,  £181  ; 
patron  and  impropriator,  R.  B.  Wolfe,  Esq.  It  was 
formerly  endowed  with  a  portion  of  the  great  tithes, 
which  were  commuted  for  land  and  a  corn-rent,  under 
an  inclosure  act,  in  1814.  The  church,  a  spacious  and 
handsome  structure  with  a  square  embattled  tower,  in 
the  later  English  style,  is  finely  situated  on  the  slope  of 
a  hill ;  the  north  aisle  was  built  by  Thomas  Alderton, 
of  London,  who  founded  a  chantry  here  in  the  reign  of 
Henry  VII.  There  is  a  school  supported  by  subscrip- 
tion. 

ARKHOLME,  with  CAWOOD,  a  chapelry,  in  the 
parish  of  MELLING,  union  of  LANCASTER,  hundred  of 
LONSDALE,  south  of  the  Sands,  N.  division  of  the  county 
of  LANCASTER,  5£  miles  (S.  S.  W.)  from  Kirkby-Lons- 
dale  j  containing  407  inhabitants.  It  comprises  2*56 
acres,  of  which  2466  are  meadow  and  pasture,  160 
arable,  and  130  waste,  forest,  &c.  The  living  is  a  per- 
petual curacy  j  net  income,  £51;  patron,  Vicar  of 
Melling. 

ARKLESIDE,  a  hamlet,  in  the  township  of  CARL- 
TON-HIGHDALE,  parish  of  COVERHAM,  union  of  LEY- 
BURN,  wapentake  of  HANG-WEST,  N.  riding  of  YORK, 
8  miles  (S.  W.)  from  Middleham.  It  is  chiefly  the  pro- 
perty of  M.  Errington,  Esq.,  and  the  tithes  belong  to 
the  incumbent  of  Coverharn,  the  monks  of  which  place 
had  lands  here,  producing  £6.  13.  4.  per  annum. 

ARKSEY  (ALL  SAINTS),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
DONCASTER,  N.  division  of  the  wapentake  of  STRAF- 
FORTH,  and  TICKHILL,  W.  riding  of  YORK,  3  miles 
(N.  by  E.)  from  Doncaster;  containing  1056  inhabit- 
ants, of  whom  266  are  in  the  hamlet  of  Arksey,  and  697 
in  that  of  Bentley.  The  parish  comprises  the  hamlets 
of  Stockbridge,  Almholm,  Shaftholme,  Bodies,  Doncas- 
ter,  Bridge-End,  and  Scawthorpe  ;  and  consists  of  about 
5220  acres  of  fertile  land  in  a  champaign  district  of  rich 
loam  :  it  is  bounded  on  the  east  by  the  river  Don,  and 
watered  by  two  of  its  tributary  streams.  The  living  is 
a  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £12.  17.  6., 
and  in  the  patronage  of  Sir  William  Bryan  Cooke,  Bart., 
the  impropriator,  with  a  net  income  of  £1 13  :  the  tithes 
were  commuted  for  land  and  a  money  payment,  under 
an  inclosure  act,  in  the  7th  and  8th  of  George  IV.  The 
church  consists  of  a  nave,  chancel,  side  aisles,  transepts, 
and  a  tower  with  a  low  spire  rising  from  the  centre  : 
the  interior  is  rich  in  heraldic  insignia,  and  the  windows 
have  much  stained  glass  in  good  preservation.  The  free 
grammar  school  was  built  in  pursuance  of  the  will  of 
Sir  George  Cooke,  and  has  an  endowment  of  £40  per 
annum,  left  by  Sir  Bryan  Cooke  in  1660.  Analmshouse 
for  12  poor  inhabitants  is  endowed  with  £120  per 
annum. 

ARLECDON  (ST.  MICHAEL),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  WHITEHAVEN,  ALLERDALE  ward  above  Derwent, 
W.  division  of  CUMBERLAND,  5£  miles  (E.  N.  E.)  from 
Whitehaven ;  consisting  of  the  townships  of  Arlecdon, 
Frizington,  and  Whillymoor,  and  containing  558  in- 
habitants, of  whom  211  are  in  Arlecdon  township.  It 
comprises  53 11  a.  3r.  15/>.,  and  possesses  coal,  iron-ore, 
limestone,  and  freestone.  Fairs  for  cattle  are  on  April 
24th,  the  first  Friday  in  June,  and  Sept.  17th.  The 
living  is  a  perpetual  curacy,  in  the  patronage  of  the 
70 


bishop  of  the  diocese,  to  whom  also  the  impropriation 
belongs  ;  net  income,  £94.  The  tithes  for  the  township 
of  Arlecdon  were  commuted  for  land,  under  an  inclo- 
sure act,  in  181Q.  The  church  has  been  rebuilt,  and 
was  consecrated  Aug.  25th,  1829}  and  divine  service  is 
also  performed  in  a  Sunday  school,  lately  erected,  which 
is  licensed  by  the  bishop.  On  an  estate  called  Cringle- 
gill  is  a  chalybeate  spring,  the  water  of  which  is  stated 
to  possess  similar  properties  to  that  of  Harrogate. 

ARLESCOTE,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  WAR- 
MINGTON,  union  of  BANBURY,  Burton-Dasset  division 
of  the  hundred  of  KINGTON,  S.  division  of  the  county 
of  WARWICK,  5^  miles  (E.  S.  E.)  from  Kington  j  con- 
taining 43  inhabitants. 

ARLESTON,  with  SYNFIN,  a  liberty,  in  the  parish 
of  BARROW,  union  of  SHARDLOW,  hundred  of  APPLE- 
TREE,  though  locally  in  the  hundred  of  REPTON  and 
GRESLEY,  S.  division  of  the  county  of  DERBY,  4^ 
miles  (S.  by  W.)  from  Derby ;  containing  85  inhabit- 
ants. 

ARLESTON,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  and  union  of 
WELLINGTON,  hundred  of  SOUTH  BRADFORD,  N.  divi- 
sion of  SALOP  ;  containing  181  inhabitants. 

ARLEY  (ST.  WILFRID),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
NUNEATON,  Kirby  division  of  the  hundred  of  KNIGHT- 
LOW,  N.  division  of  the  county  of  WARWICK,  6  miles 
(E.  by  N.)  from  Coleshillj  containing  265  inhabitants. 
It  comprises  1929«.  29/>.,  and  is  traversed  by  the  road 
from  Coventry  to  Tarnworth.  Lime  in  considerable 
quantities,  and  stone  for  the  roads,  are  obtained  here. 
The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£9.  0.  7^. ;  patron  and  incumbent,  Rev.  R.  R.  Vaugh- 
ton  :  the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent -charge 
of  £336.  8.,  and  the  glebe  consists  of  74  acres.  A  free 
school  is  endowed  with  land,  producing  £20  per  annum, 
left  by  William  Avery,  and  by  £21  per  annum  from 
John  and  Francis  Holmes. 

ARLINGHAM  (ST.  MARY  THE  VIRGIN),  a  parish,  in 
the  union  of  WHEATENHURST,  Upper  division  of  the 
hundred  of  BERKELEY,  W.  division  of  the  county  of 
GLOUCESTER,  l£  mile  (S.  E.  by  E.)  from  Newnham ; 
containing  793  inhabitants.  The  parish  is  situated  on 
a  nook  of  land,  formed  by  a  curvature  of  the  river 
Severn,  by  which  it  is  bounded  on  three  sides,  and 
across  which  is  a  ferry  to  Newnham  :  from  an  eminence 
called  Barrow  hill  is  a  very  extensive  and  pleasing  view. 
The  living  is  a  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£19.  7.  3^.,  and  in  the  patronage  of  Mrs.  Hodges,  to 
whom  also  the  impropriation  belongs  ;  net  income, 
£193.  The  tithes  were  commuted  for  land  and  corn- 
rents,  by  an  inclosure  act,  in  1801.  There  is  a  place  of 
worship  for  Wesleyans.  Mrs.  Mary  Yate,  in  1765,  en- 
dowed a  school  for  boys  and  girls  with  a  rent-charge  of 
£40  ;  she  also  gave  an  additional  rent-charge  of  £40  for 
the  benefit  of  the  poor. 

ARLINGTON  (Sr.  JAMES),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  BARNSTAPLE,  hundred  of  SHERWILL,  Braunton  and 
N.  divisions  of  DEVON,  6%  miles  (N.  E.  by  N.)  from 
Barnstaple  ;  containing  206  inhabitants.  The  parish 
comprises  4000  acres,  and  is  intersected  by  the  river 
Yeo.  Arlington  Court,  a  spacious  and  handsome  man- 
sion in  the  Grecian-Doric  style,  is  situated  here.  The 
living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £13. 
18.  l£. ;  net  income,  £272;  patron,  J.  P.  Chichester, 
Esq.  The  church,  which  has  lately  been  rebuilt  by  the 


A  R  M  A 


A  RM  L 


patron,  contains  a  beautiful  monument  in  marble  to 
one  of  the  Carey  family,  and  the  figure  of  a  female 
crowned. 

ARLINGTON,  a  tything,  in  the  parish  of  BIBURY, 
union  of  NORTHLEACH,  hundred  of  BRIGHTWELL'S-BAR- 
ROW,  E.  division  of  the  county  of  GLOUCESTER,  4f-  miles 
(N.  W.)  from  Fairford ;  containing  371  inhabitants. 

ARLINGTON  (ST.  PANCRAS),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  HAILSHAM,  hundred  of  LONGBRIDGE,  rape  of  PE- 
VENSEY,  E.  division  of  SUSSEX,  3  miles  (W.  S.  W.)  from 
Hailsham  ;  containing  686  inhabitants.  A  priory  of 
Black  Canons  was  founded  at  Michelham,  in  this  parish, 
in  honour  of  the  Holy  Trinity,  by  Gilbert  de  Aquila,  in 
the  reign  of  Henry  III.,  which  continued  to  flourish  till 
the  dissolution,  when  its  revenue  was  estimated  at  £191. 
19-  3.  j  the  remains  have  been  converted  into  a  farm- 
house, on  the  north  side  of  which  are  various  pillars  and 
arches,  still  in  tolerable  preservation.  The  parish  com- 
prises 5100  acres  by  admeasurement.  The  living  is  a 
discharged  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£10.  6.  11. ;  net  income,  £156  ,  patron,  the  Prebendary 
of  Woodhorne  in  the  Cathedral  of  Chichester ;  impio- 
priator,  Mrs.  Attree.  The  church  is  an  ancient  struc- 
ture in  the  decorated  English  style.  There  is  a  place  of 
worship  for  Wesleyans ;  and  a  school  is  supported  by 
subscription.  In  the  hamlet  of  Milton  is  the  site  of 
Barlow  Castle,  overlooking  the  river  Cuckmere. 

ARLSEY  (ST.  PETER),  a  parish,  in  the  union  and 
hundred  of  BIGGLESWADE,  county  of  BEDFORD,  6  miles 
(S.)  from  Biggleswade ;  containing  820  inhabitants. 
This  place  is  in  the  Domesday  survey  noticed  as  a 
market- town,  and  in  1270  Stephen  Edworth,  then  lord 
of  the  manor,  obtained  a  confirmation  of  the  grant  for 
its  market,  and  a  grant  of  a  fair  on  the  festival  of  St. 
Peter  and  St.  Paul,  both  of  which  have  been  long  dis- 
continued. The  parish  is  bounded  on  the  north  by  the 
river  Ivel,  and  on  the  west  by  the  Hiz,  both  of  which 
unite  in  the  north-west  extremity  j  it  is  intersected  by 
the  road  from  Baldock  to  Bedford,  and  comprises  by 
measurement  2303  acres,  of  which  about  1600  are  ara- 
ble, 500  pasture,  20  wood,  and  50  common  ;  the  sub-soil 
is  gravel  and  clay.  The  women  and  children  are  em- 
ployed in  the  straw-plat  manufacture.  The  living  is  a 
discharged  vicarage,  united  in  1764  to  the  rectory  of 
Astwick,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £8  per  annum ; 
it  is  in  the  patronage  of  Miss  Dove.  At  the  inclosure  of 
the  parish,  255  acres  were  allotted  in  lieu  of  tithes,  and 
there  are  15  acres  of  grass  land  round  the  glebe-house. 
The  church  is  a  neat  edifice.  There  is  a  place  of  worship 
for  Wesleyans.  At  Etonbury,  near  the  road  to  Baldock, 
are  the  remains  of  a  Roman  encampment ;  and  a  spot, 
still  called  the  Hermitage,  was  the  site  of  an  ancient 
religious  house. 

ARMATHWAITE,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish  of  HES- 

KET-IN-THE-FOREST,    union  of   PENRITH,    LEATH    Ward, 

E.  division  of  CUMBERLAND,  5  miles  (N.  W.)  from 
Kirk-Oswald.  The  village  is  beautifully  situated  on  the 
western  bank  of  the  Eden,  over  which  is  a  good  stone 
bridge  of  four  arches.  The  castle,  a  handsome  modern 
edifice,  built  on  the  site  of  an  ancient  fortress,  occupies 
a  rocky  elevation,  at  the  foot  of  which  flows  the  Eden ; 
in  the  reign  of  Henry  VIII.  it  was,  with  the  estate,  the 
property  of  John  Skelton,  the  poet-laureat.  The  living 
is  a  perpetual  curacy ;  net  income,  £50  :  patrons,  the 
Trustees  of  Mr.  Milbourne,  in  whom  also  the  impro- 
.  71 


priation  is  vested.  The  chapel  was  rebuilt  by  Richard 
Skelton,  Esq.,  in  1668,  having  for  some  time  previously 
been  used  as  a  shed  for  cattle. 

ARMIN,  a  chapelry.  in  the  parish  of  SNAITH,  union 
of  GOOLE,  L.  division  of  the  wapentake  of  OSGOLD- 
CROSS,  W.  riding  of  YORK,  2  miles  (N.  N.  W.)  from 
Goole  ;  containing  593  inhabitants.  This  chapelry,  the 
name  of  which  signifies  the  "  mouth  of  the  Aire,"  is 
bounded  on  the  north-west  by  that  river,  and  is  situated 
on  the  road  from  Doncaster  to  Hull.  The  living  is  a 
perpetual  curacy;  net  income,  £71  ;  patrons,  Earl  of 
Beverley  and  N.  E.  Yarburgh,  Esq. ;  impropriator,  Earl 
of  Beverley.  The  chapel  is  dedicated  to  St.  David.  A 
very  commodious  Sunday  school  was  erected  by  the  Earl 
in  1834;  and  a  school,  in  which  20  of  the  children  are 
instructed  gratuitously,  is  supported  by  the  lord  of  the 
manor  and  principal  inhabitants. 

ARMINGHALL  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
and  hundred  of  HENSTEAD,  E.  division  of  NORFOLK,  3 
miles  (S.  E.  by  S.)  from  Norwich  ;  comprising  by  com- 
putation 650  acres,  and  containing  79  inhabitants.  The 
living  is  a  perpetual  curacy  ;  net  income,  £66 ;  patrons 
and  appropriators,  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Norwich,  whose 
tithes  have  been  commuted  for  £229.  10.  The  church 
is  chiefly  in  the  early  English  style,  and  consists  of  a 
nave  and  chancel,  with  a  square  tower.  An  old  house 
near  the  church  has  a  very  rich  and  curious  porch,  on 
the  door  of  which  is  written,  in  ancient  characters, 
"  Pray  for  the  soul  of  Master  William  Ely,  who  caused 
this  to  be  made  an  hospital  in  the  year  1487." 

ARMITAGE  (ST.  JOHN),  with  HANDSACRE,  a  parish, 
in  the  union  of  LICHFIELD,  S.  division  of  the  hun- 
dred of  OFFLOW  and  of  the  county  of  STAFFORD,  3 
miles  (E.  S.  E.)  from  Rugeley  ;  containing  987  inhabi- 
tants. This  parish,  which  is  intersected  by  the  Grand 
Junction  canal,  and  skirted  by  the  river  Trent,  lies  on 
the  main  road  from  Lichfield  to  Uttoxeter,  in  a  beau- 
tiful and  fertile  part  of  the  county  exceedingly  well 
wooded.  The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy,  in  the  gift  of 
the  Bishop  of  Lichfield,  with  a  net  income  of  £91  : 
tithes  belonging  to  the  treasurer  of  Queen  Anne's 
Bounty  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £336  : 
the  glebe  comprises  1^  acre.  The  church  is  an  old 
building,  principally  in  the  Norman  style.  There  is  a 
place  of  worship  for  Independents ;  and  a  national 
school  was  established  in  1833. 

ARMLEY,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish  of  ST.  PETER, 
liberty  of  the  borough  of  LEEDS,  W.  riding  of  YORK,  2^ 
miles  (W.  by  N.)  from  Leeds  ;  containing  5676  inhabit- 
ants. This  chapelry  comprises  939«-  If.  18p. ;  the  soil 
is  tolerably  fertile,  and  excellent  building  stone  abounds  ; 
the  surface  is  boldly  undulated,  and  from  the  east  side, 
looking  towards  Headingley,  the  scenery  is  picturesque. 
Armley  House,  the  seat  of  John  Gott,  Esq.,  lord  of  the 
manor,  is  a  noble  mansion  of  the  Ionic  order,  situated  in 
an  extensive  and  richly-wooded  park.  Wyther  and 
Armley  Grange  are  also  pleasing  residences.  The  old 
hall,  anciently  the  residence  of  the  Hoptons,  lords  of  the 
manor,  is  now  a  farm-house ;  and  Cartleton  Lodge,  the 
seat  of  the  late  Benjamin  Sadler,  Esq.,  M.  P.,  has  been 
converted  into  a  retreat  for  insane  persons.  The  village 
is  situated  on  the  west  side  of  the  river  Aire,  and 
extends  for  a  considerable  distance  along  the  acclivities 
of  the  vale.  The  Leeds  and  Liverpool  canal  passes  in  a 
direction  nearly  parallel  with  the  river,  and  also  the  new 


A  R  MT 


A  R  N  C 


road  from  Stanningley  to  Leeds,  completed  in  1836. 
The  inhabitants  are  employed  in  extensive  woollen- 
mills. 

The  chapel,  dedicated  to  St.  Bartholomew,  originally 
erected  in  the  reign  of  Charles  I.,  was  rebuilt  in  1835,  at 
an  expense  of  £1000,  of  which  £300  were  granted  by  the 
Incorporated  Society,  and  the  remainder  raised  by  sub- 
scription ;  it  contains  930  sittings,  of  which  300  are 
free.  The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy,  in  the  patronage 
of  the  Vicar  of  Leeds,  with  a  net  income  of  £204,  and 
a  glebe-house.  A  Sunday  evening  lecture  was  esta- 
blished in  1841,  and  is  supported  at  the  sole  expense  of 
Mr.  Gott ;  the  lecturer  has  a  liberal  income,  and  a 
commodious  house.  There  are  places  of  worship  for 
Wesleyans,  Primitive  Methodists,  and  Methodists  of  the 
New  Connexion.  Almshouses  for  12  poor  widows,  and 
a  national  school-room  for  500  children,  were  erected 
near  the  chapel  in  1832,  by  the  late  Benjamin  Gott, 
Esq.  ;  they  form  a  handsome  range  of  buildings  in  the 
Elizabethan  style.  There  is  also  a  town's  school,  in  con- 
nexion with  the  Established  Church,  the  master  of 
which  receives  £12.  6.  per  annum  from  land  allotted  at 
the  iticlosure,  for  which  he  teaches  six  scholars  gra- 
tuitously. Above  the  village  is  a  lofty  eminence,  named 
Giant's  hill,  on  which  are  the  remains  of  some  works, 
supposed  to  have  been  a  Danish  fort ;  and  there  were 
also  some  others  on  two  eminences,  called  the  Red  and 
White  War  hills,  but  which  were  destroyed  in  the  for- 
mation of  the  canal. 

ARMSCOTT,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  NEWBOLD, 
union  of  SHIPSTON-TJPON-STOUR,  Upper  division  of  the 
hundred  of  OSWALDSLOW,  Blockley  and  E.  divisions  of 
the  county  of  WORCESTER,  lying  in  a  detached  portion 
surrounded  by  Warwickshire,  3  miles  (N.  by  W.)  from 
Shipston  ;  containing  139  inhabitants. 

ARMSTON,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  and  hundred  of 
POLEBROOK,  \mion  of  OUNDLE,  N.  division  of  the 
county  of  NORTHAMPTON,  2£  miles  (E.  S.  E.)  from 
Oundle ;  containing  26  inhabitants,  and  comprising  784 
acres.  It  is  situated  near  the  right  bank  of  the  river 
Nene,  and  in  the  south-western  part  of  the  parish. 

ARMTHORPE  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
DONCASTER,  S.  division  of  the  wapentake  of  STRAP- 
FORTH  and  TICKHILL,  W.  riding  of  YORK,  4  miles  (E. 
N.  E.)  from  Doncaster ;  containing,  with  the  hamlet  of 
Nutwell,  449  inhabitants.  This  place,  in  Domesday 
book  called  Ernulfestorp,  was  the  property  of  the 
monks  of  the  abbey  of  Roc-he,  who  had  a  grange  here,  at 
which  the  official  resided  who  managed  this  part  of  the 
estates  of  that  establishment,  and  who  was  sometimes  a 
brother  of  the  house  :  they  had  also  an  officer  called 
their  forester.  The  parish  comprises  3810  acres,  and 
includes  the  farms  of  Holm-Wood  and  Waterton,  the 
latter  of  which  was  long  the  seat  of  the  ancient  family  of 
its  own  name,  of  whom  several  served  the  office  of  high 
sheriff,  and  one  was  master  of  the  horse  to  Henry  V. 
The  village  consists  of  scattered  houses,  and  is  situated 
on  a  declivity.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the 
king's  books  at  £8.  18.  9.,  and  is  in  the  patronage  of  the 
Crown,  with  a  net  income  of  £366  :  the  tithes  were 
commuted  for  land  and  a  money  payment,  by  an  inclo- 
sure  act,  in  1775.  The  church  is  a  small  building,  with 
an  octagonal  turret,  and  exhibits  a  good  specimen  of 
the  original  country  churches  for  small  parishes.  The 
Primitive  Methodists  have  a  place  of  worship.  Ann 
72 


Holmes,  in  1 689,  bequeathed  a  rent-charge  of  £2.  10. 
for  teaching  six  children,  and  apprenticing  boys,  which 
endowment  has  been  augmented  by  Sir  George  Cooke, 
Bart.,  and  now  produces  £5.  13.  per  annum. 

ARNCLIFFE  (ST.  OSWALD),  a  parish,  partly  in  the 
union  of  SKIPTON,  and  E.  division  of  the  wapentake  of 
STAINCLIFFE  and  EWCROSS,  but  chiefly  in  the  union  of 
SETTLE,  and  W.  division  of  that  wapentake,  W.  riding 
of  YORK,  4  miles  (N.  by  W.)  from  Kettlewell ;  com- 
prising the  townships  of  Buckden,  Hawkeswick,  and 
Litton,  and  the  chapelry  of  Halton-Gill ;  and  con- 
taining 834  inhabitants,  of  whom  182  are  in  the  town- 
ship of  Arncliffe.  This  parish  consists  by  estimation  of 
35,860  acres,  nearly  all  in  grass,  including  5800  in 
Arncliffe  township,  and  is  bounded  on  the  west  by  Pen- 
nygent,  a  mountain  2270  feet  high,  and  on  the  north  by 
Camm  Fell,  2245  feet  high.  The  district  consists  of  two 
valleys,  separated  by  an  almost  impassable  mountain ; 
one  of  these,  called  Langstrothdale,  is  watered  by  the 
Wharfe,  which  noble  river  has  its  rise  here ;  and  the 
other,  called  Littondale,  by  the  Skirfare,  which  forms  a 
junction  with  the  Wharfe  at  the  bottom  of  the  valley. 
The  air  is  for  the  greater  part  of  the  year  piercing, 
owing  to  the  vicinity  of  the  high  hills  just  mentioned, 
which  being  often  capped  with  snow,  render  the  winds 
cold  and  sharp.  There  is  a  cotton-mill  in  the  village, 
but  grazing  forms  the  chief  occupation  of  the  inhabit- 
ants. The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  valued  in  the 
king's  books  at  £13.  6.  8.;  net  income,  £50,  with  an 
excellent  glebe-house ;  patrons  and  appropriators,  the 
Master  and  Fellows  of  University  College,  Oxford  :  the 
tithes  have  been  commuted  for  £483.  7.  2.  The  church, 
with  the  exception  of  the  tower,  was  taken  down  and 
rebuilt  in  1805  ;  the  chancel  has  just  been  again  rebuilt 
by  subscription,  and  in  the  same  style  as  the  tower  ;  and 
several  windows  of  that  character  have  been  inserted  in 
the  body  of  the  edifice.  At  Halton-Gill  and  Hubber- 
holme  are  chapels  of  ease,  the  livings  of  which  are  in  the 
patronage  of  the  Vicar  of  Arncliffe.  There  are  some 
small  bequests,  the  interest  of  which  is  applied  to  the 
relief  of  the  poor  and  the  repair  of  the  church  ;  and  13s. 
are  annually  paid  for  a  sermon  on  the  5th  of  Nov., 
agreeably  with  the  will  of  William  Fawcett,  dated  1 630. 

ARNCLIFFE-COTE,  a  hamlet,  in  the  township  and 
parish  of  ARNCLIFFE,  union  of  SETTLE,  W.  division  of 
the  wapentake  of  STAINCLIFFE  and  EWCROSS,  W.  riding 
of  YORK.  This  place  is  tithe-free,  being  named  in 
a  charter,  9th  Richard  II.,  as  belonging  to  the  monks 
of  Fountains,  in  whose  possession  it  was  at  the  dis- 
solution. 

ARNCLIFFE,  INGLEBY  (ST.  ANDREW),  a  parish, 
in  the  union  of  STOKESLEY,  W.  division  of  the  liberty 
of  LANGBAURGH,  N.  riding  of  YORK,  7  miles  (S.  W.  by 
W.)  from  Stokesley  ;  containing  329  inhabitants.  There 
appears,  from  Domesday  book,  to  have  been  anciently 
two  manors  in  the  parish,  Ingleby  and  Arncliffe,  which 
after  the  Conquest  were  held  by  King  William,  when 
they  were  styled  Engelebi  and  Erneclive :  the  estates 
were  subsequently  granted  to  Robert  de  Brus,  as  parcel 
of  the  barony  of  Skelton,  to  be  held  of  the  king  in  capite  ; 
and  among  the  families  which  have  at  different  periods 
owned  property  here,  occur  those  of  Bruce,  Fauconberge, 
Ingelram,  Colville,  and  Mauleverer.  The  parish  is  in 
the  district  called  Cleveland,  and  its  greatest  extent  is 
three  miles  from  east  to  west,  and  its  breadth  about  two 


A  R  NF 


A  R  R  A 


miles;  it  comprises  1850  acres,  of  which  about  1200  are 
arable,  300  woodland  and  plantations,  and  the  remainder 
meadow  and  pasture ;  the  lands  are  chiefly  the  pro- 
perty of  William  Mauleverer,  Esq.,  the  descendant  of  the 
Norman  baron  who  came  over  with  the  Conqueror  from 
Normandy,  and  whose  family  have  continued  here  since 
that  period.  The  surface  is  undulated,  and  the  high 
grounds  command  fine  views  of  the  vale  of  Cleveland, 
the  distant  hills  of  Richmond,  and  the  sea;  the  hills  are 
richly  wooded,  and  the  scenery  in  many  parts  is  beauti- 
fully picturesque ;  the  soil  is  a  strong  clay ;  and 
freestone  of  good  quality  is  plentiful ;  but  as  there  is 
little  demand,  it  is  not  wrought  to  any  great  extent. 
The  village  of  Ingleby,  the  only  one  in  the  parish,  is 
neatly  built,  and  occupies  a  retired  situation  on  the 
summit  of  a  gentle  ridge,  at  a  short  distance  from  the 
road  between  Stokesley  and  Thirsk.  The  living  is  a 
perpetual  curacy,  in  the  patronage  of  Bryan  Abbs,  Esq., 
the  impropriator,  with  a  net  income  of  £49  :  the  tithes 
have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £125.  The 
church  is  a  neat  plain  structure  with  a  campanile  tur- 
ret, erected  in  1822,  at  an  expense  of  £500,  raised  by 
subscription.  A  small  school  is  partly  supported  by 
voluntary  contributions. 

ARNCOTT,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish  of  AMBROSDEN, 
union  of  BICESTER,  hundred  of  BULLINGTON,  though 
locally  in  the  hundred  of  PLOUGHLEY,  county  of  OX- 
FORD, 2±  miles  (S.  E.  by  S.)  from  Bicester ;  containing 
331  inhabitants. 

ARNE,  a  parochial  chapelry,  in  the  union  of  WARE- 
HAM  and  PURBECK,  hundred  of  HASILOR,  Wareham 
division  of  DORSET,  4  miles  (E.  by  N.)  from  Wareham  ; 
containing  168  inhabitants,  and  comprising  1068o.  2r. 
2 \p.  The  village  is  situated  on  the  shore  of  Poole  har- 
bour, between  Wareham  and  Brownsey  Island.  On 
the  summit  of  an  eminence  connected  with  a  bank  of 
gravel  or  pebbles,  extending  north-eastward  into  the 
harbour,  is  a  large  barrow,  which  was  formerly  used  as 
a  beacon.  The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy,  in  the 
patronage  of  the  Rector  of  Wareham.  The  chapel, 
dedicated  to  St.  Nicholas,  is  a  plain  structure  of  ancient 
date. 

ARNESBY  (Sr.  PETER),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
LUTTERWORTH,  hundred  of  GUTHLAXTON,  S.  division 
of  the  county  of  LEICESTER,  8§  miles  (S.  by  E.)  from 
Leicester ;  containing  505  inhabitants.  It  is  situated 
on  the  road  from  Leicester  to  Welford,  and  comprises 
about  1250  acres,  nearly  all  pasture;  the  soil  is  chiefly 
a  clay  of  a  strong  quality.  The  population  is  principally 
employed  in  the  stocking  manufacture.  The  living  is 
a  discharged  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£5.  16.  8.3  patron,  John  Sherwin,  Esq.  :  the  tithes  have 
been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £60,  and  the  glebe 
comprises  25  acres.  The  church  is  a  substantial  edifice 
in  good  repair,  containing  about  400  sittings.  There  is 
a  place  of  worship  for  Baptists.  Two  allotments  of  land, 
comprising  together  165  acres,  producing  £50.  13.  9. 
per  annum,  are  appropriated  to  the  benefit  of  the  poor. 
The  Rev.  Robert  Hall,  the  distinguished  theological 
writer,  was  born  here  in  1*64  ;  the  building  in  which 
he  preached  his  first  sermon  is  now  a  barn. 

ARNFORD-CUM-NEWTON,  a  hamlet,  in  the  town- 
ship of  HELLIFIELD,  parish  of  LONG  PRESTON,  union  of 
SETTLE,  W.  division  of  the  wapentake  of  STAINCLIFFE 
and  EWCROSS,  W.  riding  of  YORK.  This  place,  of  which 
VOL.  I.— 73 


mention  is  made  in  one  of  the  oldest  Craven  charters, 
formerly  belonged  to  the  monks  of  Fountains,  with 
whom  it  continued  till  the  dissolution,  when  it  became 
the  property  of  the  Greshams  :  it  is  now  chiefly  owned 
by  Earl  de  Grey. 

ARNOLD  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
BASFORD,  N.  division  of  the  wapentake  of  BROXTOW 
and  of  the  county  of  NOTTINGHAM,  4  miles  (N.  by  E.) 
from  Nottingham  ;  containing,  with  part  of  the  hamlet 
of  Daybrook,  4509  inhabitants.  It  comprises  by  ad- 
measurement 4349  acres,  of  which  2610  are  arable,  1330 
meadow  and  pasture,  294  wood  and  plantation,  and  the 
remainder  roads,  waste,  &c. ;  the  soil  in  the  eastern 
part  is  clay,  but  elsewhere  it  is  of  a  sandy  nature.  The 
village,  which  is  remarkably  healthy,  and  well  supplied 
with  water,  is  about  three-quarters  of  a  mile  long,  and  a 
quarter  broad,  situated  in  the  midst  of  the  ancient  forest 
of  Sherwood,  and  surrounded  by  a  beautifully  undulated 
neighbourhood.  The  inhabitants  are  principally  em- 
ployed in  the  manufacture  of  cotton  hose,  gloves,  &c. ; 
and  the  cotton  stockings  made  here  are  as  fine  as  those 
produced  at  any  other  place  in  England.  A  small  fair 
is  held  on  the  first  Wednesday  after  Sept.  19th.  The 
living  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books 
at  £7.  17.  8.,  and  in  the  patronage  of  the  Duke  of 
Devonshire  ;  impropriator,  T.  Holdsworth,  Esq.  The 
small  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of 
£210,  and  there  are  90  acres  of  glebe.  The  church  is.  a 
large  handsome  edifice  in  the  later  English  style,  with  a 
tower  ;  a  tablet  in  the  interior  records  various  charitable 
bequests  amounting  to  about  £150  per  annum.  There 
are  places  of  worship  for  Wesleyans,  Wesleyans  of  the 
New  Connexion,  Baptists,  and  Independents ;  and  a 
Chartist  meeting-house.  A  parochial  school  is  endowed 
with  £20  per  annum.  On  Cockliff  hill,  the  highest 
ground  in  the  county,  are  the  remains  of  a  Roman  en- 
campment. 

ARNOLD,  a  township,  partly  in  the  parish  of  LONG 
RISTON,  and  partly  in  that  of  SWINE,  union  of  SKIR- 
LAUGH,  N.  division  of  the  wapentake  of  HOLDERNESS, 
E.  riding  of  YORK,  6  miles  (E.  N.  E.)  from  Beverley; 
containing  154  inhabitants.  This  place,  in  the  13th 
century,  belonged  to  the  family  of  de  Roos  ;  the  Hild- 
yards  afterwards  held  the  lands  for  a  considerable  period, 
and  among  other  proprietors  occurs  the  abbot  of  Meaux. 
The  township  belongs,  in  nearly  equal  moieties,  to  the 
two  parishes,  and  comprises  by  computation  2000  acres  : 
the  village,  which  is  long  and  scattered,  is  situated  to 
the  north  of  the  Lam  with  stream.  There  are  places  of 
worship  for  Independents  and  Primitive  Methodists. 

ARNWOOD,  a  tything,  in  the  parish  of  HORDLE, 
union  of  LYMINGTON,  hundred  of  CHRISTCHURCH,  Ly- 
mington  and  S.  divisions  of  HAMPSHIRE  ;  containing 
543  inhabitants. 

ARRAM,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  LECKONFIELD, 
union  of  BEVERLEY,  Hunsley-Beacon  division  of  the 
wapentake  of  HARTHILL,  E.  riding  of  YORK,  3  miles 
(N.  by  E.)  from  Beverley ;  containing  117  inhabitants. 
This  is  a  long  scattered  village,  situated  to  the  east  of 
Leckonfield,  and  near  the  right  bank  of  the  river  Hull. 

ARRAM,  with  ATWICK  and  SKIRLINGTON,  a  town- 
ship, in  the  parish  of  ATWICK,  union  of  SKIRLAUGH, 
N.  division  of  the  wapentake  of  HOLDERNESS,  E.  riding 
of  YORK,  ll£  miles  (N.  E.)  from  Beverley;  containing 
50  inhabitants.  This  place,  in  Domesday  book  styled 


A  R  R  O 


A  R  TH 


Argun,  and  in  other  records  Ergham,  came  at  an  early 
period  into  the  possession  of  Meaux  abbey,  to  which  in- 
stitution Sir  Steven  Ergham  gave  some  land  here  about 
1190  :  the  canons  of  Bridlington  also  had  some  interest 
in  the  property.  The  manor  comprises  about  500  acres, 
tithe- free  :  the  manor-house,  a  neat  residence,  was  built 
about  the  time  of  James  I.,  but  has  been  much  modern- 
ised. 

ARRAS,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  MARKET- WEIGH- 
TON,  union  of  POCKLINGTON,  Holme-Beacon  division  of 
the  wapentake  of  HARTHILL,  E.  riding  of  YORK,  3  miles 
(E.)  from  Market- Weighton.  It  is  situated  on  the 
wolds,  and  on  the  road  from  Market- Weighton  to  Be- 
verley  :  it  is  supposed  there  was  a  village  here  during 
the  conflicts  of  the  Saxons  and  Danes,  if  not  at  the  time 
of  the  Romans,  as,  in  a  field,  the  foundations  of  build- 
ings have  been  discovered,  as  have  also  fragments  of 
chariot  wheels,  and  the  heads  of  arrows. 

ARRETON  (Sr.  GEORGE),  a  parish,  in  the  liberty  of 
EAST  MEDINA,  Isle  of  Wight  and  S.  divisions  of  the 
county  of  SOUTHAMPTON,  3  miles  (S.  E.)  from  Newport ; 
comprising  by  computation  9000  acres,  and  containing 
1964  inhabitants.  It  abounds  with  limestone,  which  is 
extensively  quarried  for  building  purposes,  and  for 
burning  into  lime.  The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £21  ;  net  income,  £220  ; 
patron  and  impropriator,  J.  Fleming,  Esq.  :  the  small 
tithes  have  been  commuted  for  £245  per  annum,  and 
there  are  20  acres  of  glebe.  The  church,  an  ancient 
building,  with  a  heavy  embattled  tower,  contains  a  brass 
effigy  of  a  Knight  Templar.  Two  schools,  one  for  boys 
and  the  other  for  girls,  are  endowed  by  a  bequest  of 
Mr.  Mann  in  1688,  and  are  also  supported  by  subscrip- 
tion. 

ARRINGTON  (ST.  NICHOLAS),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  CAXTON  and  ARRINGTON,  hundred  of  WETHERLEY, 
county  of  CAMBRIDGE,  5|:  miles  (S.  S.  E.)  from  Caxton ; 
containing  317  inhabitants,  and  comprising  about  1300 
acres.  The  living  is  a  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £7.  6.  3. ;  net  income,  £69 ;  patrons  and  im- 
propriators,  Master  and  Fellows  of  Trinity  College, 
Cambridge,  who  have  commuted  the  tithes  for  a  rent- 
charge  of  £390.  There  are  22  acres  of  glebe. 

ARROW,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  WOODCHURCH, 
union  and  Lower  division  of  the  hundred  of  WIRRALL, 
S.  division  of  the  county  of  CHESTER,  gf  miles  (N.  by  W.) 
from  Great  Neston ;  containing  122  inhabitants.  About 
one-half  of  the  land  belongs  to  the  grammar  school  at 
Warrington. 

ARROW  (HOLY  TRINITY],  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
ALCESTER,  partly  in  the  Alcester,  and  partly  in  the 
Stratford,  division  of  the  hundred  of  BARLICHWAY,  S. 
division  of  the  county  of  WARWICK,  1  mile  (S.  W.)  from 
Alcester ;  containing,  with  Ragley  and  the  hamlet  of 
Oversley,  543  inhabitants.  The  parish  is  situated  in 
the  western  part  of  the  county,  on  the  border  of  Wor- 
cestershire, which  bounds  it  on  the  west;  and  con- 
sists of  39S3  acres,  a  considerable  portion  of  which  is 
attached  to  the  beautiful  demesne  and  interesting  grounds 
of  Ragley  Park.  Its  surface  is  agreeable,  diversified 
with  hill  and  dale,  the  river  Arrow  flowing  through  it 
from  north  to  south,  with  other  streams  in  different 
directions,  and  the  whole  is  thickly  covered  with  timber, 
the  rateable  annual  value  of  which  is  returned  at  £600. 
The  roads  from  Alcester  to  Stratford  and  Evesham  in- 
74 


tersect  the  parish.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in 
the  king's  books  at  £10.  10.  7^. ;  net  income,  £248  ;  pa- 
tron, the  Marquess  of  Hertford.  The  church  is  an  an- 
cient structure,  the  tower  of  which  was  rebuilt  in  1760. 

ARROWTHORNE,  a  township,  partly  in  the  parish 
of  HORNBY,  but  chiefly  in  that  of  BROMPTON-PATRICK, 
union  of  LEYBURN,  wapentake  of  HANG-EAST,  N.  riding 
of  YORK,  5  miles  (S.  W.  by  S.)  from  Catterick  ;  con- 
taining 81  inhabitants.  It  is  situated  to  the  west  of  the 
river  Swale,  and  comprises  about  850  acres  of  land. 

ARTHINGTON,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  ADDLE, 
Upper  division  of  the  wapentake  of  SKYRACK,  W.  riding 
of  YORK,  4^  miles  (E.)  from  Otley ;  containing  336  in- 
habitants. This  place  is  situated  in  the  beautiful  valley 
of  Wharfdale,  and  abounds  with  interesting  scenery ; 
and  Arthington  Hall,  the  seat  of  T.  W.  Carruthers,  Esq., 
of  Dormont,  N.  B.,  is  in  the  township.  A  school  is 
supported  by  subscription.  A  convent  of  Cluniac  nuns 
was  founded  here,  in  the  twelfth  century,  by  Piers  de 
Ardington,  which  was  valued  at  the  dissolution  at  £19  : 
the  site  is  occupied  by  a  farm-house  now  called  the 
"  Nunnery." 

ARTHINGWORTH  (Sr.  ANDREW),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  MARKET-HARBOROUGH,  hundred  of  ROTH- 
WELL,  N.  division  of  the  county  of  NORTHAMPTON,  4^ 
miles  (S.  by  E.)  from  Harborough  ;  containing  242  inha- 
bitants. It  comprises  1593  acres,  of  which  1293  are 
pasture,  245  arable,  and  55  woodland  ;  the  soil  is  of 
various  qualities,  a  great  part  being  a  strong  clay ;  the 
grazing  grounds  are  very  fine.  The  living  is  a  rectory, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £12.  2.  85. ;  net  income, 
£323  ;  patron,  L.  Rokeby,  Esq.  The  tithes  were  com- 
muted for  land,  under  an  inclosure  act,  in  1767 ;  the 
glebe  consists  of  215  acres.  The  church  is  an  ancient 
structure,  with  a  handsome  well-proportioned  tower  of 
later  date.  A  school  is  endowed  with  a  house  and 
about  24  acres  of  land,  the  latter  let  for  £36  per  annum. 

ARTHURET  (ST.  MICHAEL),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  LONGTOWN,  ESKDALE  ward,  E.  division  of  CUMBER- 
LAND, f  of  a  mile  (S.)  from  Longtown  ;  comprising  the 
townships  of  Breconhill,  Lyneside,  Longtown,  and  Ne- 
therby,  and  containing  2859  inhabitants.  This  parish 
is  situated  on  the  border  of  Scotland,  where,  in  1337,  a 
Scottish  army  crossed,  and,  marching  eastward,  de- 
stroyed about  twenty  villages ;  and  at  the  chapel  of 
Solom,  a  small  oratory,  which  anciently  stood  near  the 
spot  called  the  Chapel  Flosh,  commissioners  from  Eng- 
land and  Scotland  met,  in  1343,  to  settle  the  boundaries 
of  the  respective  countries.  On  Solom  Moss,  in  1 542, 
the  Scots,  10,000  in  number,  but  discontented  with  their 
commander,  Oliver  Sinclair,  a  favourite  of  the  Scottish 
monarch,  allowed  themselves  to  be  defeated  by  a  small 
body  of  about  500  English  troops,  under  the  command 
of  Dacres  and  Musgrave,  and  it  is  said  that  1000  of 
them  were  made  prisoners,  amongst  whom  were  200 
noblemen,  esquires,  and  gentlemen.  The  parish  com- 
prises about  11,000  acres,  and  there  are  quarries  of 
white  and  red  freestone  within  its  limits.  The  living  is 
a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £3.  2.  1. ;  net 
income,  £687 ;  patron,  Sir  J.  R.  G.  Graham,  Bart. 
The  church  was  rebuilt  in  1609,  with  the  exception  of 
the  tower,  which  was  not  erected  till  1690:  in  the 
churchyard  is  a  rude  cross,  with  a.  pierced  capital,  near 
which  were  interred  the  remains  of  Archibald  Armstrong, 
court  jester  to  James  I.  and  Charles  I.,  and  a  native  of 


A  II  UN 


A  R  UN 


Arms. 


the  parish.  An  artificial  tumulus,  in  the  form  of  a  pros- 
trate human  figure,  near  the  church,  is  said  to  have  been 
raised  over  the  body  of  a  chieftain  slain  in  the  above- 
mentioned  battle. 

ARTILLERY-GROUND,  OLD,  a  liberty,  in  the 
union  of  WHITECHAPEL,  locally  in  the  Finsbury  division 
of  the  hundred  of  OSSULSTONE,  county  of  MIDDLESEX  ; 
containing  1558  inhabitants.  It  forms  one  of  five  divi- 
sions of  the  liberty  of  the  Tower  which  has  a  peculiar 
jurisdiction,  and  is  detached. 

ARTINGTON,  a  tything,  in  the  parish  of  ST.  NI- 
CHOLAS, GUJLDFORD,  union  of  GUILDFORD,  First  divi- 
sion of  the  hundred  of  GODALMING,  W.  division  of 
SURREY,  1  mile  (S.  by  W.)  from  Guildford  ;  containing 
687  inhabitants, 

ARUNDEL  (HOLY  TRI- 
NITY), a  borough,  market- 
town,  and  parish,  having  ex- 
clusive jurisdiction,  locally 
in  the  hundred  and  rape  of 
ARUNDEL,  W.  division  of 
SUSSEX,  10  miles  (E.  by  N.) 
from  Chichester,  and  55  (S. 
by  W.)  from  London ;  con- 
taining 2624  inhabitants. 
This  place,  which  derives  its 
name  from  its  situation  in  a 
dale  watered  by  the  river 
Arun,  is  first  noticed  in  the  will  of  Alfred,  who  be- 
queathed the  castle  and  a  few  adjacent  residences  to  his 
nephew  Athelm.  The  castle,  rebuilt  by  Roger  de  Mont- 
gomery, at  the  time  of  the  Conquest,  was,  in  the  reign 
of  Henry  I.,  besieged  and  taken  from  his  son,  Robert  de 
Belesme,  who  had  rebelled  against  his  sovereign,  and 
settled  by  that  monarch  on  his  second  wife  Adeliza, 
•who  by  a  subsequent  marriage  conveyed  it  to  William 
D'Albini,  Lord  of  Buckenham,  in  the  county  of  Norfolk. 
Matilda,  daughter  of  Henry  I.,  asserting  her  claim  to 
the  throne  in  opposition  to  Stephen,  landed  at  Little- 
hampton  in  1139,  and  was  received  and  protected  for 
several  days  in  this  castle  against  the  forces  of  her 
opponent,  in  recompense  for  which  service,  her  son, 
Henry  II.  on  his  accession,  granted  the  castle  and 
honour  of  Arundel  to  William  D'Albini  and  his  heirs 
for  ever.  W7illiam,  the  fourth  earl,  dying  without  heirs 
male,  the  property  was  divided  among  his  four  sisters, 
and  the  castle  and  manor  of  Arundel  descended  to  John 
Fitzalan,  son  of  the  second  sister,  in  whose  family  they 
continued  till  1580,  when  they  passed  to  Philip  Howard, 
Earl  of  Surrey,  descendant  of  another  of  the  sisters,  who 
had  married  Thomas,  Duke  of  Norfolk  5  but  on  his 
attainder  in  1589,  the  castle  and  manor  of  Arundel 
reverted  to  the  crown,  and  continued  to  form  part  of 
the  royal  possessions  till  the  death  of  Queen  Elizabeth. 
The  property  was  restored  by  James  I.  to  Thomas,  son 
of  Philip,  from  whom,  in  uninterrupted  succession,  it 
has  descended  to  its  present  proprietor,  Henry  Charles, 
Earl  of  Aruudel  and  Duke  of  Norfolk.  During  the  civil 
wars  the  castle  was  garrisoned  for  the  parliament,  but 
in  l€43  was  taken  by  the  royalists  under  the  command 
of  Lord  Hopton,  who  placed  in  it  a  garrison  of  200  men, 
and  appointed  Col.  Ford,  high  sheriff  of  the  county, 
governor :  being,  however,  afterwards  besieged  by  Sir 
William  Waller,  it  finally  surrendered  after  a  defence  of 
seventeen  days,  and  was  dismantled  as  a  place  of  de- 
75 


fence,  and  so  far  destroyed  as  to  unfit  it  for  a  baronial 
residence. 

The  CASTLE  is  situated  on  the  summit  of  a  high  hill, 
and  defended  on  two  sides  by  the  precipitous  ac- 
clivity of  the  ground,  and  on  the  other  by  deep  fosses  : 
the  walls  inclosed  an  area  of  950  feet  in  length,  and 
250  feet  in  width,  in  the  centre  of  which  was  the  keep, 
a  circular  tower  of  great  strength,  and  100  feet  in  height, 
built  on  an  artificial  mound,  and  evidently  of  Norman 
origin.  After  remaining  in  a  ruinous  state  till  1720, 
Thomas,  Duke  of  Norfolk,  restored  part  of  the  buildings, 
and  erected  others  of  modern  style,  which  he  made  his 
occasional  residence.  Charles,  the  llth  duke,  in  1791, 
made  considerable  additions  :  the  north-west,  front  was 
built  in  1795,  and  the  wing  which  contains  the  library 
and  other  apartments  was  completed  in  1801.  The 
entrance,  which  is  by  a  deeply  recessed  Norman  arched 
doorway,  leads  to  the  grand  staircase  and  gallery,  the 
latter  of  which,  195  feet  in  length,  opens  into  the  Barons' 
hall,  erected  in  commemoration  of  the  triumph  of  the 
barons  in  obtaining  Magna  Charta.  The  library  is  a 
strikingly  magnificent  apartment,  1 17  feet  in  length  and 
35  feet  wide,  panelled  throughout  with  mahogany  and 
cedar  exquisitely  carved,  with  a  richly  ornamented  roof. 
The  ehapel  is  an  elegant  structure  in  the  decorated 
English  style,  the  walls  of  which  are  strengthened  with 
slender  enriched  buttresses,  terminating  in  crocketed 
pinnacles ;  and  the  interior  is  lighted  by  windows  of 
excellent  design.  The  banquetting-room,  formerly  the 
ancient  chapel,  the  saloon,  and  all  the  state  apartments 
of  this  magnificent  structure,  are  of  corresponding  splen- 
dour :  the  entire  range  of  building  occupies  three  sides 
of  a  quadrangle,  and  the  expense  of  restoration  and  the 
erection  of  new  portions  has  already  amounted  to 
£400,000.  The  pleasure-grounds  and  gardens  are  taste- 
fully laid  out,  and  the  park,  which  abounds  with  stately 
timber,  comprises  1200  acres  ^  the  surrounding  country 
abounds  with  richly  varied  and  picturesque  scenery,  and 
from  the  higher  grounds  within  the  park,  and  especially 
from  the  towers  of  the  castle,  are  obtained  extensive  and 
beautiful  prospects.  The  castle  is  the  head  of  the  honour 
of  Arundel,  and  confers  on  its  possessor  the  title  of  Earl 
without  creation,  a  feudal  right,  which  was  adjudged  by 
parliament,  in  the  1 1th  of  Henry  VI.,  to  an  ancestor  of 
the  present  Duke  of  Norfolk. 

The  TOWN  is  pleasantly  situated  on  rising  ground 
within  four  miles  of  the  sea,  and  chiefly  on  the  north 
bank  of  the  river  Arun,  over  which  is  a  neat  stone  bridge 
of  three  arches  :  the  houses  are  in  general  well  built, 
and  many  of  them  are  modern  and  of  handsome  ap- 
pearance ;  the  streets,  which  are  lighted  with  gas,  are 
paved  under  an  act  of  the  25th  of  George  III.,  and  the 
inhabitants  plentifully  supplied  with  excellent  water.  A 
considerable  coasting  trade  is  carried  on  :  the  imports 
are  chiefly  butter,  bacon,  pork,  lard,  grain,  and  starch 
from  Ireland  ;  grain  and  cheese  from  Holland  ;  grain, 
oilcake,  wine,  fruit,  and  eggs  from  France ;  timber, 
chiefly  from  the  Baltic ;  and  coal  from  Newcastle  and 
Scotland.  The  exports  are  principally  oak-timber,  corn, 
flour,  and  bark  to  the  west  of  England  and  Liverpool, 
and  to  Ireland.  The  port,  which  has  a  custom-house 
with  the  usual  officers,  also  affords  a  facility  of  inter- 
course between  London  and  the  Mediterranean,  enabling 
the  fruit  ships  from  the  latter  to  perform  two  voyages 
in  the  season  :  ships  drawing  sixteen  feet  of  water  can 

L  2 


ARU  N 


A  SB  Y 


enter  the  port.  A  canal,  connecting  the  Arun  with  the 
Thames  and  with  Portsmouth,  affords  a  medium  of  con- 
veyance to  various  parts  of  the  kingdom.  There  are 
two  breweries  on  a  large  scale  for  the  supply  of  the 
neighbourhood.  The  market  is  on  Tuesday,  chiefly  for 
corn,  the  sale  of  which  is  considerable,  and  on  every 
alternate  Tuesday  there  is  a  large  cattle  market :  a  few 
years  since,  a  building  was  erected  by  subscription  on 
the  quay,  for  the  purpose  of  a  corn-market.  The  fairs 
are  held  on  May  14th,  Sept.  25th,  and  Dec.  17th,  chiefly 
for  cattle  and  pedlery ;  but,  since  the  cattle  markets 
were  established,  they  have  been  but  little  attended. 
Arundel  is  a  BOROUGH  by  prescription,  and  has  had  a 
corporation  from  the  time  of  the  Conquest :  the  govern- 
ment is  vested  in  a  mayor,  three  aldermen,  and  twelve 
councillors,  and  the  mayor  and  late  mayor  are  justices  of 
the  peace  :  the  municipal  and  parliamentary  boundaries 
of  the  borough  are  the  same,  and  are  co-extensive  with 
those  of  the  parish.  Petty-sessions  are  held  by  the 
county  magistrates  every  alternate  Tuesday,  and  an 
elegant  town-hall  was  lately  erected  by  his  Grace  the 
late  Duke  of  Norfolk,  at  an  expense  of  £4000.  The 
borough  returned  two  members  to  parliament  from  the 
time  of  Edward  I.  to  the  2nd  of  William  IV.,  when  it 
was  destined  thenceforward  to  send  only  one  :  the  right 
of  election  is  vested  in  the  inhabitants  paying  scot  and 
lot ;  the  mayor  is  the  returning  officer. 

The  parish  comprises  by  computation  about  1800 
acres.  The  LIVING  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  valued  in 
the  king's  books  at  £5.  0.  10.;  net  income,  £199; 
patron  and  impropriator,  -Duke  of  Norfolk.  The  church, 
situated  at  the  upper  end  of  the  town,  was  greatly 
damaged  by  the  forces  of  Sir  William  Waller,  who  oc- 
cupied it  during  the  siege  of  the  castle ;  but  it  was 
restored  by  the  late  Duke.  It  is  a  large  and  ancient 
cruciform  structure,  with  a.  low  but  well-built  central 
tower,  surmounted  by  an  obtuse  leaden  spire  painted 
white ;  it  is  chiefly  in  the  later  English  style,  and  the 
interior  is  very  neatly  fitted  up.  At  the  east  end  is  the 
Norfolk  chapel,  consisting  of  a  nave  and  north  aisle, 
divided  by  three  fine  arches,  and  lighted  by  windows  of 
elegant  design :  this  is  the  burial-place  of  the  noble 
family  of  Howard,  and  it  contains  some  grand  and  in- 
teresting monuments.  There  is  a  place  of  worship  for 
Independents  ;  and  a  parochial  school,  in  which  are 
300  children,  is  conducted  in  an  appropriate  building 
erected  in  1818  by  the  llth  Duke.  Robert  de  Montgo- 
mery founded  the  Benedictine  monastery  of  St.  Nicholas, 
to  which  William  D'Albini,  the  second  earl,  annexed 
the  then  vacant  rectory  of  Arundel ;  the  establishment 
flourished  for  two  centuries,  but  was  so  greatly  im- 
poverished by  Edward  III.,  that  it  was  neglected  till 
the  reign  of  Richard  II.,  when  the  Earl  of  Arundel 
dissolved  it,  and  founded  in  its  place  the  College  of  the 
Holy  Trinity,  for  a  master,  twelve  chaplains,  two  dea- 
cons, two  sub-deacons,  and  four  choristers.  This  col- 
lege continued  to  flourish  till  the  dissolution,  when  its 
revenues  were  estimated  at  £168.  0.  7.  ;  part  of  the 
original  building  was  converted  by  Charles,  Duke  of 
Norfolk,  into  a  Roman  Catholic  chapel  and  a  residence 
for  his  chaplain,  the  Rev.  M.  A.  Tierney,  author  of  the 
"History  and  Antiquities  of  the  Castle  and  Town  of 
Arundel."  The  same  earl  founded  also  the  hospital  of 
the  Holy  Trinity  for  a  master  and  poor  brethren,  the 
revenue  of  which  at  the  dissolution  was  valued  at 
76 


£93.  18.  6f.  :  on  the  rebuilding  of  the  bridge  over  the 
Arun,  in  1724,  a  considerable  portion  of  the  edifice  was 
removed  to  furnish  materials  for  that  structure.  The 
learned  Chillingworth,  who  had  joined  the  royal  army, 
was  taken  prisoner  during  the  siege  of  the  castle  by  the 
parliamentarians,  and  confined  in  the  episcopal  palace  of 
Chichester,  where  he  died. 

ARYANS,  (ST.)  a  parish,  in  the  union  and  division 
of  CHEPSTOW,  partly  in  the  hundred  of  RAGLAN,  but 
chiefly  in  the  Upper  division  of  the  hundred  of  CALDI- 
COT,  county  of  MONMOUTH,  2£  miles  (N.  W.  by  N.)  from 
Chepstow ;  containing,  with  the  hamlet  of  Portcasseg, 
354  inhabitants.  The  parish,  which  is  bounded  on  the 
north-east  by  the  river  Wye,  and  situated  on  the  road 
from  Monmouth  to  Chepstow,  comprises  by  computation 
2840  acres,  and  abounds  in  richly  picturesque  and 
romantic  scenery,  which,  in  many  situations,  is  of  great 
beauty  and  diversity.  From  Piercefield  Park,  the  splen- 
did seat  of  Nathaniel  Wells,  Esq.,  the  views  are  re- 
markably magnificent,  and  embrace  many  reaches  of  the 
Wye,  the  Severn,  and  a  great  range  of  the  surrounding 
country.  The  mansion,  situated  on  an  eminence,  in 
the  midst  of  fine  plantations,  is  a  superb  elevation  of 
freestone,  consisting  of  a  centre  and  two  wings,  and 
much  admired  for  its  elegance,  and  tasteful  architecture  : 
on  the  spacious  staircase  are  four  beautiful  pieces  of 
Gobelin  tapestry,  which  belonged  to  Louis  XVI.,  repre- 
senting many  subjects  in  the  natural  history  of  Africa. 
The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy ;  net  income,  £53  ; 
patron  and  impropriator,  Duke  of  Beaufort  :  about  50 
acres  of  land  of  indifferent  quality,  contained  in  two 
small  farms  in  other  parishes,  belong  to  the  curacy. 
The  church  is  in  the  early  English  style,  with  a  square 
tower,  erected  in  1821.  Here  are  a  parochial  school  and 
two  others,  all  supported  by  subscription.  Remains 
exist  of  two  ancient  chapels,  dedicated  respectively  to 
St.  Kiugsmark  and  St.  Lawrence  :  in  the  park,  where  is 
a  chalybeate  spring,  are  the  remains  of  an  encampment ; 
and  there  is  a  small  intrenchment  in  the  hamlet  of 
Portcasseg. 

ARYHOLME,  with  HOWTHORPE,  a  township,  in  the 
parish  of  HOVINGHAM,  union  of  MALTON,  wapentake  of 
RYEDALE,  N.  riding  of  YORK,  7i  miles  (W.)  from  New 
Malton ;  containing  36  inhabitants. 

ASBY,  GREAT  (ST.  PETER),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
and  division  of  EAST  ward,  county  of  WESTMORLAND, 
4|  miles  (S.  by  W.)  from  Appleby  ;  containing,  with  the 
townships  of  Asby-Windewath,  Asby-Coatsforth,  and 
Little  Asby,  407  inhabitants,  of  whom  222  are  in  the 
first,  with  the  hamlet  of  Garthern  ;  129  in  the  second  ; 
and  56  in  the  third,  with  the  hamlet  of  Asby-Over- 
grange.  It  comprises  by  computation  6500  acres,  and 
is  bounded  on  the  south  by  the  parish  of  Crosby  Garret 
and  by  Orton  Fells ;  the  surface  is  diversified  with  hills 
and  valleys,  and  is  intersected  by  numerous  rivulets,  near 
the  margin  of  one  of  which,  in  the  hollow  called  Asby 
Gill,  is  Plate  hole,  a  remarkable  cavern,  intersected  by 
a  small  stream,  and  which  has  been  explored  to  an 
extent  of  more  than  500  yards.  The  substratum  is 
principally  limestone,  and  on  the  common  belonging  to 
the  manor  has  been  lately  discovered  a  very  valuable 
fossil  marble.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the 
king's  books  at  £23.  13.  4. ;  patron,  John  Hill,  Esq.  ; 
net  income,  £205.  The  church  is  a  very  ancient  struc- 
ture with  lofty  gables,  and  strengthened  by  massive 


A  SG  A 


ASH 


buttresses  :  the  parsonage-house  occupies  the  site  of  a 
nunnery,  of  which  the  chapel  and  prison  are  still  partly 
remaining,  the  latter  being  used  as  a  cellar.  There  was 
formerly  a  chapel  at  Little  Asby,  dedicated  to  St.  Leo- 
nard. A  school-house  was  built  in  1688,  by  George 
Smith,  citizen  and  merchant-tailor  of  London,  to  which 
Dr.  Thomas  Smith,  Bishop  of  Carlisle  (who  was  born  at 
Whitewall,  near  the  village),  gave  £100  ;  and  an  alms- 
house  was  founded  in  1812  for  four  poor  widows.  Near 
the  church  is  St.  Helen's  well,  supposed  to  have  been  a 
bath  belonging  to  the  nunnery. 

ASCOTE,  CHAPEL,  an  extra-parochial  liberty,  in 
the  S.  division  of  the  hundred  of  KNIGHTLOW,  S.  divi- 
sion of  the  county  of  WARWICK,  2  miles  (N.  W.  by  N.) 
from  Southam ;  containing  1 0  inhabitants,  and  com- 
prising 600  acres. 

ASCOTT,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  WING,  union  of 
LEIGHTON-BUZZARD,  hundred  of  COTTESLOE,  county  of 
BUCKINGHAM  ;  containing  98  inhabitants. 

ASCOTT  UNDER  WYCHWOOD  (HOLY  TRINITY), 
a  parish,  in  the  union  of  CHIPPING-NORTON,  hundred 
of  CHADLINGTON,  county  of  OXFORD,  5f  miles  (N.  E. 
by  N.)  from  Burford  ;  containing  463  inhabitants.  The 
parish  is  divided  into  two  portions,  Earl's  Ascott  and 
Ascott-Regis ;  and  the  village  is  pleasantly  situated  in  a 
valley  on  the  bank  of  the  river  Evenlode,  near  the 
border  of  Wychwood  Forest.  The  living  is  a  perpetual 
curacy  ;  net  income,  £55  ;  patron,  Vicar  of  Shipton  ; 
appropriator,  Prebendary  of  Ascott  in  the  Cathedral  of 
Salisbury.  The  church  is  a  neat  ancient  building.  There 
is  a  place  of  worship  for  Particular  Baptists ;  also  a 
school,  established  by  Lady  Churchill. 

ASCOTT,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  GREAT  MILTON, 
union  and  hundred  of  THAME,  county  of  OXFORD,  4\ 
miles  (N.)  from  Bensington ;  containing  29  inhabitants. 

ASCOTT,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  WHICHFORD, 
union  of  SHIPSTON-ON-STOUR,  Brails  division  of  the 
hundred  of  KINGTON,  S.  division  of  the  county  of 
WARWICK,  6£  miles  (S.  E.)  from  Shipston. 

ASENBY,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  TOPCLIFFE, 
wapentake  of  HALLIKELD,  N.  riding  of  YORK,  5f  miles 
(N.)  from  Boroughbridge  ;  containing  26 1  inhabitants. 
It  is  situated  on  the  south-western  acclivities  of  Swale- 
dale,  and  comprises  by  computation  1131  acres,  mostly 
occupied  in  farms.  A  bed  of  gravel  affords  excellent 
material  for  repairing  the  roads  ;  and  a  bed  of  coal- 
shale  shows  itself  on  the  eminences  of  the  dale.  The 
tithes  have  been  commuted  for  rent-charges  amounting 
to  £334.  10.,  of  which  £250  are  payable  to  the  impro- 
priator,  £64.  10.  to  the  vicar  of  Topcliffe,  and  £20  to 
the  Dean  and  Chapter  of  York. 

ASGARBY  (Sx.  ANDREW),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
SLEAFORD,  wapentake  of  ASWARDHURN,  parts  of  KES- 
TEVEN,  county  of  LINCOLN,  2f  miles  (E.)  from  Sleaford  ; 
containing,  with  the  hamlet  of  Boughton,  77  inhabitants. 
The  living  is  a  vicarage,  united  in  1737  to  the  rectory 
of  Kirby-le-Thorpe,  and  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£10.  14.  4|.  The  church  is  in  the  later  English  style, 
with  a  lofty  tower  surmounted  by  a  fine  crocketed 
spire. 

ASGARBY  (ST.  SWITHIN),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
HORNCASTLE,  W.  division  of  the  soke  of  BOLINGBROKE, 
parts  of  LINDSEY,  county  of  LINCOLN,  2  miles  (N.  by 
W.)  from  Bolingbroke  ;  containing  131  inhabitants.  It 
comprises  by  computation  1950  acres,  two-thirds  of 
77 


which  are  pasture,  and  one-third  arable ;  the  soil  is  a 
sandy  loam.  The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy,  in  the 
patronage  of  the  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Lincoln  ;  but  in 
consequence  of  the  suppression  of  the  prebend  of 
Asgarby,  the  bishop  presents  pro  hue  vice  under  the  act 
of  parliament ;  net  income,  £34,  with  three  acres  of 
glebe.  The  church  is  a  small  plain  edifice,  rebuilt  about 
forty  years  ago.  In  1667,  Henry  Pell  bequeathed  a 
rent-charge  of  £10  for  the  instruction  of  poor  children 
of  Asgarby,  Howell,  and  Eveden,  in  the  charity  school 
at  Ewerby.  There  are  some  vestiges  of  an  encamp- 
ment, probably  formed  during  the  civil  wars,  and  near 
which  human  skeletons  are  frequently  dug  up. 

ASH,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  SUTTON-ON-THE- 
HILL,  union  of  BURTON-UPON-TRENT,  hundred  of 
APPLETREE,  S.  division  of  the  county  of  DERBY,  8 
miles  (W.  S.  W.)  from  Derby.  The  vicarial  tithes  have 
been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £83.  3. 

ASH,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  TH  ROWLEY,  union 
of  OAKHAMPTON,  hundred  of  WONFORD,  Crockernwell 
and  S.  divisions  of  DEVON,  7?  miles  (E.  S.  E.)  from 
Oakharnpton.  John  Churchill,  Duke  of  Marlborough, 
the  celebrated  statesman  and  general,  was  born  here,  in 
1650. 

ASH,  county  of  DURHAM. — See  ESH. 

ASH,  (ST.  PETER  AND  ST.  PAUL),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  DARTFORD,  hundred  of  AXTON,  DARTFORD, 
and  WILMINGTON,  lathe  of  SUTTON-AT-HONE,  W.  divi- 
sion of  KENT,  9  miles  (N.  E.)  from  Seven  Oaks  :  con- 
taining 663  inhabitants.  It  comprises  3022  acres,  of 
which  1780  are  arable,  180  meadow,  624  woodland,  244 
cinque-foil,  169  hop-grounds,  and  21  furze  and  wa  te  ; 
the  surface  is  hilly  and  well  wooded,  and  the  soil  is  in 
some  parts  chalky,  but  chiefly  a  stiff"  loam.  The  living 
is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £9.  18.  4., 
and  in  the  gift  of  the  family  of  Lambard  :  the  tithes 
have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £675,  and 
there  are  20  acres  of  glebe.  A  school  containing  30 
boys  is  endowed  with  £20  per  annum,  and  a  girls' 
national  school  was  erected  in  1814. 

ASH,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  and  hundred  of  MAR- 
TOCK,  union  of  YEOVIL,  W.  division  of  SOMERSET  ; 
containing  322  inhabitants. 

ASH  (ST.  PETER),  a  parish,  under  Gilbert's  act, 
partly  in  the  First  division  of  the  hundred  of  GODLEY,  and 
partly  in  the  First  division  of  the  hundred  of  WOKEING, 
W.  division  of  SURREY,  4£  miles  (N.  E.  by  E.)  from 
Farnham  ;  containing,  with  Frimley  chapelry  and  Nor- 
mandy tything,  2236  inhabitants.  The  parish  is  inter- 
sected by  the  Basingstoke  canal  and  the  South-Western 
railway,  and  comprises  by  computation  4000  acres,  of 
which  one-half'is  under  cultivation  :  a  species  of  sand- 
stone, dug  out  of  the  common,  is  used  for  building  ; 
and  pebbles  are  found,  susceptible  of  a  bright  polish, 
which  are  commonly  called  Bagshot  diamonds.  The 
living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£15.  18.  11^.;  net  income,  £473  ;  patrons,  Warden 
and  Fellows  of  Winchester  College.  The  church  is  a 
plain  structure,  and  previously  to  the  dissolution  of 
monasteries  was  attached  to  the  abbey  of  Chertsey. 
There  is  also  a  church  at  Frimley,  of  which  the  living 
is  a  perpetual  curacy,  in  the  patronage  of  the  Rector  ; 
and  a  national  school  is  supported  by  subscription.  Dr. 
Young  is  said  to  have  written  a  portion  of  the  "  Night 
Thoughts"  at  the  rectory-house,  then  the  residence  of 


ASH 


Dr.  Harris,  who  married  a  sister  of  the  poet,  and  was 
incumbent  from  1718  to  1759. 

ASH-BOCKING  (ALL  SAINTS),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  and  hundred  of  BOSMERE  and  CLAYDON,  E.  divi- 
sion of  SUFFOLK,  6  miles  (E.  by  S.)  from  Needham- 
Market ;  comprising  by  measurement  1398  acres,  and 
containing  321  inhabitants.  The  living  is  a  discharged 
vicarage,  endowed  with  the  rectorial  tithes,  and  valued 
in  the  king's  books  at  £9.  18.  65. ;  it  is  in  the  patronage 
of  the  Crown.  The  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a 
rent-charge  of  £375,  and  £3  per  annum  are  paid  to 
the  rector  of  Hemingstone  ;  the  glebe  consists  of  about 
1 1  acres. 

ASH,  CAMPSEY  (ST.  JOHN  THE  BAPTIST) ,  a  parish, 
in  the  union  of  PLOMESGATE,  hundred  of  LOES,  E.  divi- 
sion of  SUFFOLK,  2  miles  (E.)  from  Wickham-Market ; 
containing  374  inhabitants.  In  the  reign  of  Richard  I., 
Theobald  de  Valoins  gave  his  estate  here  to  his  two 
sisters,  that  they  might  build  a  nunnery  in  honour  of 
the  Virgin  Mary:  it  was  of  the  order  of  St.  Clare,  or 
the  Minoresses,  and  at  the  dissolution  had  a  revenue  of 
£182.  9.  5.  :  a  portion  of  the  buildings  still  remains. 
A  collegiate  chapel,  in  honour  of  the  Annunciation,  was 
also  founded  here,  by  Maud,  Countess  of  Ulster,  for  a 
warden  and  four  secular  priests,  in  1347,  seven  years 
after  which  the  establishment  was  removed  to  Bruis- 
yard.  The  parish  comprises  by  measurement  1813 
acres.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £14.  5.,  and  in  the  gift  of  Thellusson's  Trus- 
tees :  the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge 
of  £430,  and  there  are  9^  acres  of  glebe.  A  school  is 
conducted  on  the  national  plan. 

ASH-GILL,  a  hamlet,  in  the  township  and  parish 
of  COVERHAM,  union  of  LEYBURN,  wapentake  of  HANG- 
WEST,  N.  riding  of  YORK,  If  mile  {W.)  from  Middle- 
ham.  Here  is  a  noted  training-ground  for  horses,  the 
property  of  the  Lister  family. 

ASH,  GREAT,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  WHIT- 
CHURCH,  Whitchurch  division  of  the  hundred  of  NORTH 
BRADFORD,  N.  division  of  SALOP,  2|  miles  {S.  E.  by  E.) 
from  Whitchurch  ;  containing  204  inhabitants. 

ASH,  LITTLE,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  WHIT- 
CHURCH, Whitchurch  division  of  the  hundred  of  NORTH 
BRADFORD,  N.  division  of  SALOP,  2|-  miles  (S.  E.  by  E.) 
from  Whitchurch ;  containing  208  inhabitants.  A 
church,  erected  by  subscription,  was  consecrated  Aug. 
31st,  1837. 

ASH  NEAR  SANDWICH  (ST.  NICHOLAS),  a  parish, 
in  the  union  of  EASTRY,  hundred  of  WINGHAM,  lathe  of 
ST.  AUGUSTINE,  E.  division  of  KENT,  3  miles  (E.)  from 
Wingham ;  containing  2077  inhabitants.  This  place  is 
by  most  antiquaries  identified  with  the  Rutupium,  or 
Urbs  Rutupia,  of  the  Romans,  one  of  the  earliest  sta- 
tions, if  not  the  first,  in  the  island,  and  supposed  by 
Camden  to  have  been  established  by  that  people  for  the 
protection  of  their  haven  called  Portus  Rutupensis,  the 
landing-place  of  their  fleets,  and  the  most  usual  passage 
into  Britain.  According  to  Bede,  the  station  was  called 
by  the  Saxons  Reptaceastre,  and  subsequently,  by  Alfred 
of  Beverley,  Richeberg,  from  which  its  present  name 
Richborough  is  derived.  Of  the  ancient  city  every 
vestige  has  disappeared,  and  the  site  is  now  covered 
with  corn-fields :  part  of  the  citadel  alone  remains, 
consisting  of  portions  of  the  walls,  about  200  feet  in 
length,  varying  from  ten  to  thirty  feet  in  height,  and 
78 


about  twelve  feet  thick,  forming  one  of  the  most  inter- 
esting relics  of  Roman  antiquity  in  the  kingdom.  The 
parish,  which  is  intersected  by  the  road  from  London  to 
Deal,  and  bounded  on  the  north  by  the  river  Stour, 
over  which  are  two  ferries,  comprises  6872a.  Ir.  36p.,  of 
which  3128  acres  are  arable,  3258  meadow,  331  orchards 
and  gardens,  100  hop  grounds,  49  wood,  and  6  recto- 
rial glebe ;  the  soil  is  rich  and  fertile.  Pleasure  fairs 
are  held  on  April  5th,  and  Oct.  llth.  The  living  is  a 
perpetual  curacy;  net  income,  £147;  patron  and  ap- 
propriator,  Archbishop  of  Canterbury.  The  church  is  a 
handsome  building  in  the  early  and  later  English  styles  j 
and  there  is  a  chapel  of  ease,  erected  in  1841,  in  the  early 
English  style,  partly  by  subscription  and  partly  by  aid  of 
a  grant  from  the  Church  Building  Society.  There  are  two 
small  places  of  worship  for  Wesleyans  ;  and  a  free  school, 
founded  and  endowed  with  £75  per  annum,  in  1714,  by 
the  Cartwright  family,  affords  instruction  to  100  children. 

ASH-PRIORS  (HOLY  TRINITY),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  TAUNTON,  W.  division  of  the  hundred  of 
KINGSBURY,  and  of  the  county  of  SOMERSET,  6  miles 
{N.  W.  by  W.)  from  Taunton  ;  comprising  by  computa- 
tion 600  acres,  and  containing  226  inhabitants.  The 
name  of  this  place  is  a  corruption  of  Esse  Prioris,  the 
property  of  the  prior,  which  related  to  a  house  here, 
anciently  used  for  a  country  residence  by  the  prior  of 
Taunton.  The  parish  comprises  by  computation  500 
acres,  and  the  church  and  principal  parts  of  the  village 
are  beautifully  situated  on  rising  ground,  commanding 
a  fine  view  of  Taunton  Dean.  There  are  some  quarries 
of  red  sandstone,  which  is  of  good  quality  for  building, 
and  is  also  burnt  for  manure.  The  living  is  a  perpetual 
curacy,  in  the  gift  of  Sir  Thomas  Buckler  Lethbridge, 
Bart.,  with  a  net  income  of  £70  :  the  tithes  have  been 
commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £110.  The  church,  a 
neat  structure  in  the  later  English  style,  has  recently 
been  enlarged  by  the  addition  of  a  new  aisle,  and  beau- 
tified at  the  sole  expense  of  Sir  T.  B.  Lethbridge.  A 
national  school  is  supported  by  subscription.  Priory 
House,  of  which  a  small  portion  yet  remains,  was  once 
the  residence  of  the  celebrated  Admiral  Blake. 

ASHAMPSTEAD  (ST.  CLEMENT),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  BRADFIELD,  hundred  of  MORETON,  county  of 
BERKS,  10  miles  (N.  W.  by  W.)  from  Reading ;  containing 
404  inhabitants.  It  comprises  I666a.  Ir.  32p.,  of  which 
1350  acres  are  in  cultivation;  there  are  70  acres  of 
beech  wood,  250  of  coppice,  and  100  common.  The 
living  is  annexed  to  the  vicarage  of  Basildon  ;  impro- 
priator,  R.  Hopkins,  Esq.  A  school  is  supported  by 
subscription. 

ASHAMPSTEAD,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish  and 
hundred  of  LEWKNOR,  county  of  OXFORD,  3f  miles  (N. 
W.)  from  Great  Marlow.  The  chapel  is  dedicated  to  St. 
Mary  de  More. 

ASHBOURN  (Sr.  OSWALD),  a  market-town  and 
parish,  comprising  the  townships  of  Hulland,  Hulland- 
Ward,  Hulland-Intacks,  Sturston,  and  Yeldersley,  in  the 
hundred  of  APPLETREE  ;  the  township  of  Clitton  and 
Compton,  in  the  hundred  of  MORLESTON  and  LIT- 
CHURCH  ;  and  the  chapelry  of  Alsop-le-dale  and  Eaton, 
the  hamlet  of  Newton-Grange,  and  the  liberty  of  Offcote- 
Underwood,  in  the  hundred  of  WIRKSWORTH,  S.  division 
of  the  county  of  DERBY  ;  and  containing  4884  inhabit- 
ants, of  whom  2246  are  in  the  town,  13|  miles  (N.  W. 
by  W.)  from  Derby,  and  140  (N.  W.  byN.)  from  London. 


A  SH  B 


A  S  HB 


This  place,  which  at  the  time  of  the  Conquest  was  held 
in  royal  demesne,  is  in  Domesday-book  called  Esseburn. 
In  1644  a  battle  was  fought  here  between  the  royalists 
and  the  parliamentarians,  in  which  the  former  were 
defeated  with  considerable  loss.  Charles  I.  was  at 
Ashbourn  during  the  battle,  and  again,  in  1645,  on  his 
march  to  Done-aster,  at  the  head  of  3000  horse,  when  a 
skirmish  took  place,  in  which  the  royalists  defeated  Sir 
John  Cell,  the  leader  of  the  parliamentarian  forces  in 
this  part  of  the  country :  during  his  stay  the  king 
attended  divine  service  at  the  church.  Charles  Edward 
Stuart,  accompanied  by  the  Dukes  of  Athol  and  Perth, 
on  their  return  from  Derby  in  1745,  remained  for  one 
night  in  the  town,  taking  forcible  possession  of  the 
manor-house,  from  which  they  expelled  Sir  Brooke 
Boothby  and  his  family.  On  Sir  Brooke's  return,  he 
found  the  names  of  the  officers  written  in  chalk  upon 
the  doors  of  the  apartments  which  they  had  severally 
occupied :  of  these  inscriptions,  which  were  overlaid 
with  white  paint,  some  are  preserved,  and  the  bedroom 
in  which  the  Pretender  slept  is  still  shown. 

The  TOWN  is  beautifully  situated  in  a  deep  vale,  on 
the  eastern  bank  of  the  river  Dove,  over  which  there  is 
a  bridge  of  stone  :  the  houses  are  principally  built  of 
red  brick,  and  roofed  with  slate  ;  the  streets  are  partly 
paved,  and  the  inhabitants  are  well  supplied  with  water. 
The  entrance  from  London  is  highly  picturesque,  com- 
manding a  fine  view  of  the  beautiful  vale  on  the  left, 
and  of  Ashbourn  Hall,  the  seat  of  Sir  William  Boothby, 
Bart.,  on  the  right :  the  vicinity  abounds  with  pleasing 
and  richly  varied  scenery.  The  reading  and  news-rooms, 
and  the  libraries,  are  respectably  supported.  The  manu- 
facture of  cotton  and  tambour  lace  is  carried  on  to  a 
considerable  extent,  and  a  great  quantity  of  cheese  and 
malt  is  sent  to  the  metropolis  and  other  towns  ;  but 
the  principal  support  of  the  town  is  derived  from  its 
market  and  numerous  fairs.  The  market  is  on  Saturday ; 
and  fairs  are  held  on  the  first  Tuesday  in  Jan.  and 
Feb.  13th,  for  horses  and  cattle  ;  the  second  Monday 
in  March,  for  horses,  cattle,  and  cheese  ;  April  3rd, 
May  21st,  and  July  5th,  for  horses,  cattle,  and  wool ; 
Aug.  16th,  and  Sept.  20th,  for  horses  and  cattle  ;  the 
third  Monday  in  Sept.  for  horses,  cattle,  and  cheese ; 
and  Nov.  29th,  for  horses.  Ashbourn  is  in  the  honour 
of  Tutbury,  duchy  of  Lancaster,  and  within  the  juris- 
diction of  a  court  of  pleas  held  at  Tutbury  every  third 
Tuesday,  for  the  recovery  of  debts  under  40s.  Courts 
leet  and  baron  are  held  annually  under  the  lord  of  the 
manor,  at  which  constables  and  other  officers  for  the 
town  are  appointed. 

The  parish  comprises  7043  acres.  The  LIVING  is  a 
discharged  vicarage,  with  the  rectory  of  Mappleton 
united,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £5.  4.  7. ;  net 
income,  £134 ;  patron  and  appropriator,  Dean  of  Lin- 
coln. The  church,  erected  in  1240  by  Hugh  de  Patishull, 
Bishop  of  Coventry,  is  a  spacious  cruciform  structure, 
in  the  early  style  of  English  architecture,  with  a  central 
tower  surmounted  by  a  lofty  and  richly  ornamented 
octagonal  spire  :  the  interior  has  lately  undergone  ex- 
tensive repairs  and  embellishments.  The  northern  part 
of  the  chancel,  appropriated  as  a  sepulchral  chapel  to 
the  Boothby  family,  contains,  among  others,  an  ex- 
quisitely sculptured  monument  by  Banks,  to  the  me- 
mory of  Penelope,  only  child  of  Sir  Brooke  Boothby, 
who  died  at  the  age  of  five  years,  which  is  said  to  have 
79 


suggested  to  Chantrey  the  design  of  his  celebrated  monu- 
ment in  Lichfield  cathedral.  There  are  places  of  worship 
for  Baptists,  Wesleyans,  and  the  Countess  of  Hunting- 
don's Connexion.  The  free  grammar  school  was  founded 
in  1585,  under  a  charter  of  Queen  Elizabeth,  and  en- 
dowed with  estates  purchased  by  the  inhabitants,  from 
the  proceeds  of  which  £131.  10.  per  annum,  with  a 
house  and  garden,  are  given  to  the  master,  and  £65.  15. 
with  a  house,  to  the  usher.  An  English  school  was 
founded  in  1710,  and  endowed  with  £10  per  annum,  by 
Mr.  Spalden,  for  the  instruction  of  thirty  boys,  till  they 
should  be  fit  to  enter  the  grammar  school  :  he  also 
endowed  a  school  for  thirty  girls  under  twelve  years  of 
age,  the  mistress  of  which  has  £10  per  annum.  In 
addition  to  these,  a  national  school  is  carried  on ;  and 
there  are  several  almshouses,  founded  at  various  periods, 
and  some  of  them  endowed  with  considerable  funds. 
In  the  neighbourhood  formerly  stood  a  chapel,  dedicated 
to  St.  Mary,  which,  previously  to  its  being  taken  down 
some  years  ago,  was  used  as  a  malt-house. 

ASHBRITTLE  (ST.  JOHN  THE  BAPTIST),  a  parish, 
in  the  union  of  WELLINGTON,  hundred  of  MILVERTON, 
W.  division  of  SOMERSET,  6f  miles  (W.)  from  Welling- 
ton j  containing  540  inhabitants,  and  comprising  24S9a. 
2r.  lOjo.  The  parish  is  situated  on  the  borders  of  the 
county  of  Devon,  and  includes  the  tything  of  Greenham. 
Fairs  are  held  in  Feb.  and  Oct.  The  living  is  a  rectory, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £19.  3.  11^.,  and  in  the 
gift  of  J.  Quick,  Esq.  :  the  tithes  have  been  commuted 
for  a  rent-charge  of  £400,  and  the  glebe  consists  of  80 
acres. 

ASHBURNHAM  (ST.  JAMES),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  BATTLE,  hundred  of  FOXEARLE,  rape  of  HAST- 
INGS, E.  division  of  SUSSEX,  4^  miles  (W.  by  S.)  from 
Battle  5  containg  790  inhabitants.  The  manor,  with  the 
exception  only  of  a  lew  years,  has  been,  from  a  time 
anterior  to  the  Conquest,  in  the  continued  possession  of 
the  noble  family  of  Ashburnham,  whose  mansion-house 
is  beautifully  situated,  and  surrounded  by  a  fine  park  : 
the  parish  comprises  about  3600  acres,  and  was  once 
noted  for  the  smelting  of  iron-ore.  The  living  is  a 
vicarage,  with  the  rectory  of  Penhurst  annexed,  valued 
in  the  king's  books  at  £8.  13.  4.  ;  patron  and  impro- 
priator,  the  Earl  of  Ashburnham.  The  great  tithes 
have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £260,  and 
the  vicarial  for  £239  ;  the  glebe  consists  of  6  acres.  A 
lectureship  was  founded  in  1631  by  R.  Bateman,  Esq., 
and  others,  with  an  endowment  of  £40  per  annum  for 
two  sermons  every  week ;  it  is  in  the  gift  of  the  co- 
heiresses of  the  late  Sir  Hugh  Bateman,  the  last  surviv- 
ing trustee.  The  church,  situated  behind  Ashburnham 
House,  is  a  neat  cruciform  edifice,  in  the  decorated  Eng- 
lish style,  with  a  tower ;  the  south  transept  contains  a 
gallery  for  the  family,  and  in  the  north  are  handsome 
monuments  to  William  and  John  Ashburnham  and 
their  wives  ;  and,  in  a  glass  case,  lined  with  red  velvet, 
are  preserved  the  watch  of  Charles  I.,  and  portions  of 
the  dress  which  he  wore  when  he  was  beheaded.  The 
Earl  of  Ashburnham  supports  a  school  for  thirty  girls ; 
and  an  almshouse  for  six  aged  widows,  supposed  to 
have  been  originally  erected  by  General  William  Ash- 
burnham, and  which  was  rebuilt  by  the  late  earl  in  the 
year  1817,  is  supported  by  the  present  earl,  who  allows 
a  certain  sum  to  each  of  the  inmates.  There  are  several 
mineral  springs  in  the  parish. 


A  SH  B 


A  S  HB 


Seal  and  Arms. 


ASHBURTON  (ST.  AN- 
DREW), a  borough,  market- 
town,  and  parish,  in  the 
union  of  NEWTON-ABBOT, 
hundred  of  TEIGNBRIDGE, 
Teignhridge  and  S.  divisions 
of  DEVON,  19  miles  (S.  W.) 
from  Exeter,  and  192  (W.  by 
S.)  from  London,  on  the 
road  to  Plymouth ;  contain- 
ing 3841  inhabitants.  This 
town,  anciently  called  Ais- 
bertone,  in  the  lime  of  Ed- 
ward the  Confessor  belonged  to  Brietric,  and  at  the 
Conquest  to  Judael  de  Totnais.  It  seems  by  Domesday 
book  to  have  then  been  part  of  the  demesne  of  the 
crown,  being  therein  described  as  "  Terra  Regis."  The 
place  was  subsequently  annexed  to  the  see  of  Exeter  ; 
and,  in  1310,  Bishop  Stapylton  obtained  for  it  a  grant 
of  a  market,  and  four  fairs ;  and,  in  1672,  another 
market,  chiefly  for  wool  and  yarn  spun  in  Cornwall, 
was  procured  by  Mr.  John  Ford,  which  has  long  been 
discontinued.  It  was  made  a  stannary  town  by  charter 
of  Edward  III.,  in  1328,  being  then  noted  for  the  mines 
of  tin  and  copper  which  abounded  in  the  neighbourhood. 
Henry  IV.,  in  the  3rd  year  of  his  reign,  granted  a  charter, 
declaring  that  "  the  men  of  the  manor  of  Aisbertone, 
which  is  ancient  Demesne  of  our  Crown,"  should  be 
free  from  paying  toll  throughout  the  kingdom.  It  also 
appears  that  it  belonged  to  the  crown  in  the  time  of 
Charles  I.,  as  that  king  bestowed  the  manor  upon  his 
son  Charles,  when  he  created  him  Prince  of  Wales. 
How  it  was  alienated  by  the  crown  is  unknown  ;  but  in 
the  reign  of  Charles  II.  it  was  the  property  of  Sir  Robert 
Parkhurst  and  Lord  Sondes,  Earl  of  Feversham,  the 
former  of  whom  sold  his  moiety  to  Sir  John  Stawell,  of 
Parke,  in  South  Bovey,  by  whose  executors  it  was  sold 
to  Roger  Tuckfield,  Esq.,  from  whom  Lord  Clinton, 
the  present  proprietor  of  one  moiety  of  the  borough, 
claims.  The  other  moiety  was,  about  the  same  time, 
purchased  by  Richard  Duke,  Esq.,  and  is  now  vested  in 
Sir  L.  V.  Palk,  Bart.  Ashburton,  in  the  parliamentary 
war,  having  been  previously  occupied  by  the  royal  troops 
under  Lord  Wentworth,  was  taken  by  Sir  Thomas  Fair- 
fax, on  his  march  westward,  in  Jan.  1646. 

The  TOWN  is  situated  about  a  mile  and  a  half  from  the 
river  Dart,  and  consists  principally  of  one  street  of  con- 
siderable length  :  the  houses  are  built  of  stone  and  roofed 
with  slate,  the  latter  of  which  is  obtained  from  quarries 
in  the  vicinity.  The  inhabitants  are  well  supplied  with 
water  j  the  river  Yeo,  a  rapid  stream,  runs  through  the 
town,  and  turns  several  mills.  There  is  a  book  society ; 
and  card  and  dancing  assemblies,  and  music  meetings, 
are  frequently  held  in  a  handsome  suite  of  rooms  at 
the  Golden  Lion  inn.  The  environs  abound  with  objects 
of  interest,  and  the  scenery  on  the  banks  of  the  river 
is  celebrated  for  its  picturesque  and  romantic  beauty. 
The  manufacture  of  serge  and  other  woollen  goods  for 
the  East  India  Company  is  carried  on  to  a  very  great 
extent  in  the  town  and  neighbourhood ;  there  are  some 
mills  for  fulling  cloth  and  for  the  spinning  of  yarn,  and, 
in  addition  to  the  slate -quarries,  mines  of  tin  and  copper 
are  still  worked  in  the  neighbourhood.  The  market  is 
on  Saturday ;  and  fairs  are  held  on  the  first  Thursdays 
in  March  and  June,  the  first  Thursday  after  the  10th  of 
80 


Aug.  and  the  1 1th  of  Nov.,  which  last  is  a  great  sheep 
fair.  Afhburton  is  a  borough  by  prescription  :  a  port- 
reeve, bailiff,  constables,  and  subordinate  officers  are 
appointed  annually  at  a  court  leet  held  by  the  steward 
of  the  borough,  but  they  have  no  magisterial  authority  : 
a  stannary  court  is  held  occasionally.  The  borough  made 
two  returns  to  parliament,  in  the  C26th  of  Edward  I.  and 
the  8th  of  Henry  IV.,  but  none  subsequently  until  1 640, 
when  the  franchise  was  restored  by  the  last  parliament 
of  Charles  I.,  and  until  the  passing  of  the  Reform  Act  it 
continued  to  return  two  members ;  it  now  returns  only 
one,  the  elective  franchise  being  in  the  resident  free- 
holders and  the  £10  householders  of  the  entire  parish  : 
the  portreeve  is  the'  returning  officer. 

The  LIVING  is  a  vicarage,  with  Bickington  and  Buck- 
land-in-the-Moor  annexed,  valued  in  the  king's  books 
at  £38.  8.  11^.  ;  patrons  and  appropriators,  Dean  and 
Chapter  of  Exeter.  The  great  tithes  have  been  com- 
muted for  a  rent-charge  of  £390,  and  the  vicarial  for 
£528 ;  the  glebe  consists  of  60  acres.  The  church, 
which  was  formerly  collegiate,  is  a  venerable  and  spa- 
cious cruciform  structure,  in  the  later  English  style, 
with  a  square  embattled  tower.  There  are  places  of 
worship  for  Particular  Baptists,  Independents,  and  Wes- 
leyans.  The  free  grammar  school  was  founded  in  the 
3rd  of  James  I.  by  William  Werring,  Esq.,  and  endowed 
with  lands,  a  portion  of  which  belonged  to  the  dissolved 
chantry  of  St.  Lawrence,  a  fine  ancient  building  with  a 
tower  and  a  small  spire,  now  appropriated  to  the  use  of 
the  school,  and  for  public  meetings  :  the  original  endow- 
ment has  been  augmented  by  subsequent  benefactions, 
and  two  scholarships,  each  of  £30  per  annum,  in  Exeter 
College,  Oxford,  were  recently  founded  in  favour  of  boys 
educated  at  the  school,  by  the  late  Mr.  Gifford.  The 
free  school,  in  which  180  children  are  educated,  was 
endowed  in  1754,  by  Lord  Middleton  and  John  Harris, 
Esq.,  then  representatives  of  the  borough,  in  gratitude 
for  the  liberality  of  their  constituents  ;  and  in  1831  an 
excellent  school-house  was  built  at  the  expense  of  £500. 
Inconsiderable  vestiges  of  a  chapel,  which  belonged  to 
the  abbot  of  Buckfastleigh,  are  still  discernible  in  the 
walls  of  a  house  occupied  by  Mr.  Parham.  John  Dun- 
ning, Baron  Ashburton,  the  eminent  lawyer,  was  born 
here,  Oct.  18th,  1731;  he  died  Aug.  18th,  1783,  and 
was  interred  in  the  church.  Dr.  Ireland,  Dean  of 
Westminster,  and  the  late  Mr.  Gifford,  editor  of  the 
Quarterly  Review,  were  also  natives  of  the  place.  The 
title  of  Baron  Ashburton  was  revived,  in  1835,  in  the 
person  of  Alexander  Baring,  Esq.,  nephew,  by  marriage 
of  his  father's  sister,  of  the  celebrated  lawyer  above 
noticed. 

ASHBURY  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
FARRINGDON,  hundred  of  SHRIVENHAM,  county  of 
BERKS,  6$  miles  (N.  W.  by  W.)  from  Lambourn;  con- 
taining, with  the  tythings  of  Idstone  and  Odstone,  and 
the  hamlet  of  Kingstone-Winslow,  819  inhabitants.  It 
comprises  5600  acres,  a  large  portion  of  which  is  appro- 
priated to  dairy  farms.  The  living  is  a  vicarage,  valued 
in  the  king's  books  at  £11.  8.  l£.  ;  net  income,  £375  ; 
patron,  the  Rector,  who  presents  one  of  three  candidates 
nominated  by  Magdalene  College,  Oxford  ;  impropriator, 
Rev.  Dr.  Sandyford.  The  rectory  is  a  sinecure,  valued 
at  £30.  12.  6.  ;  net  income,  £567  ;  patron,  the  Bishop  of 
Bath  and  Wells.  The  tithes  were  commuted  for  land, 
valued  at  about  £500  per  annum,  and  a  money  payment, 


A  SHE 


A  S  H  B 


by  an  inclosure  act,  in  1770  ;  the  glebe  consists  of  25 
acres.  A  school  is  supported  by  subscription.  The 
Roman  road  called  the  Ikeneld  way  passes  near  the 
village  5  and  in  the  parish  is  an  intrenchment,  named 
Alfred's  camp,  near  which  are  two  barrows.  Here 
are  also  a  tumulus  and  cromlech,  popularly  designated 
"  Wayland  Smith,"  with  which  is  connected  a  tradition, 
introduced  by  Sir  Walter  Scott,  in  his  romance  of  "  Ke- 
nilworth." 

ASHBURY  (Sr.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
OAKHAMPTON,  hundred  ofvBLACK  TORRTNGTON,  Black 
Torrington  and  Shebbear,  and  N.  divisions  of  DEVON, 
5^  miles  (S.  W.  by  W.)  from  Hatherleigh ;  containing 
65  inhabitants.  It  contains  about  1450  acres,  in  general 
of  a  clayey  soil.  The  living  is  a  discharged  rectory,  va- 
lued in  the  king's  books  at  £5.  13.  4.,  and  in  the  patron- 
age of  the  Crown  ;  net  income,  £96.  There  are  about 
120  acres  of  glebe.  A  school  is  conducted  on  the 
national  plan. 

ASHBY  (ST.  PETER),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
CAISTOR,  wapentake  of  BRADLEY-HAVERSTOE,  parts  of 
LINDSEY,  county  of  LINCOLN,  6£  -miles  (S.  by  W.)  from 
Great  Grimsby ;  containing,  with  Fenby,  211  inhabit- 
ants. This  parish,  which  is  situated  on  the  old  road 
from  Great  Grimsby  to  Louth,  and  on  the  borders  of 
the  wolds,  comprises,  together  with  the  hamlet  of  Fenby, 
1637  acres  by  admeasurement ;  the  soil  is  fertile,  and 
the  sub-soil  is  generally  chalk ;  the  surface  undulated, 
and  the  scenery  picturesque.  The  living  is  a  rectory, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £14.  10.  10.,  and  in  the 
gift  of  the  Crown  :  the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for 
a  rent-charge  of  £252,  and  the  glebe  comprises  45  acres. 
The  church,  a  very  ancient  structure,  in  the  early  Eng- 
lish style,  with  a  square  tower,  contains  an  oak  pulpit 
richly  carved,  and  an  elegant  octagonal  font,  supported 
on  a  clustered  pedestal,  and  panelled  in  quatrefoil : 
there  are  also  two  handsome  monuments,  of  which  one 
is  to  the  memory  of  Sir  William  and  Lady  Frances 
Wray.  There  is  a  chapel  of  ease  at  Fenby;  and  a  place 
of  worship  in  the  parish  for  Wesleyans.  In  1641  six 
almshouses  were  built  by  Dame  Wray,  and  endowed  by 
her  son  Sir  Christopher  Wray,  with  a  rent- charge  of 
£30,  to  which  the  present  incumbent  has  added  the  in- 
terest of  £100  ;  there  is  also  a  rent  of  £4  distributed 
among  the  poor. 

ASHBY  (ST.  HELEN),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
SPILSBY,  Wold  division  of  the  wapentake  of  CANDLE- 
SHOE,  parts  of  LINDSEY,  county  of  LINCOLN,  2^  miles 
(E.  by  N.)  from  Spilsby;  containing  160  inhabitants. 
It  comprises  906  acres  by  measurement,  exclusively  of 
roads.  The  living  is  a  discharged  rectory,  valued  in  the 
king's  books  at  £7.  10.  2^. ;  net  income,  £157,  arising 
from  185  acres  of  land  allotted  in  1811  in  lieu  of  tithes 
by  an  inclosure  act ;  patrons,  the  Representatives  of 
the  late  Dr.  Fowler,  Bishop  of  Ossory.  The  church  was 
rebuilt  in  1841. 

ASHBY,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  BOTTESFORD, 
union  of  GLANDFORD-BRIGG,  E.  division  of  the  wapen- 
take of  MANLEY,  parts  of  LINDSEY,  county  of  LINCOLN, 
6^  miles  (W.  by  S.)  from  Glandford-Brigg;  containing 
429  inhabitants.  The  village  is  large  and  pleasant,  and 
the  township  comprises  about  2100  acres,  extending 
over  the  western  ridge  of  the  wolds  to  the  river  Trent, 
near  which  is  a  tract  of  moory  land  that  has  just  under- 
gone the  process  of  warping.  There  is  a  decoy,  abound- 
VOL.  I.— 81 


ing  in  wild  duck  and  other  aquatic  birds  ;  in  the  imme- 
diate vicinity  of  which  a  handsome  mansion  was  built  in 
1841,  by  H.  Healey,  Esq.  Forty  acres  of  land  were 
awarded  to  the  vicar  of  the  parish  at  the  inclosure. 
There  are  places  of  worship  for  Wesleyans  and  Primitive 
Methodists. 

ASHBY  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  EAST  and 
WEST  FLEGG  incorporation,  hundred  of  WEST  FLEGG, 
E.  division  of  NORFOLK,  4  miles  (N.)  from  Acle ;  con- 
taining, with  the  parish  of  Oby,  85  inhabitants,  of  whom 
16  are  in  Ashby.  This  parish,  which  was  consolidated 
with  those  of  Thirne  and  Oby  in  1604,  comprises  about 
1000  acres,  of  which  800  are  marsh  and  meadow  land. 
The  three  places  form  one  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £10,  and  in  the  gift  of  the  Bishop  of  Norwich  : 
the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  £690.  Ashby  con- 
sists of  only  one  farm;  and  had  formerly  a  church,  of 
which  there  are  very  slight  remains  :  the  parsonage- 
house,  a  respectable  residence,  is  in  that  part  called  Oby, 
and  has  a  glebe  of  about  23  acres. 

ASHBY  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of  LOD- 
DON  and  CLAVERING,  hundred  of  LODDON,  E.  division  of 
NORFOLK,  7^  miles  (S.  E.)  from  Norwich  ;  containing 
263  inhabitants.  The  waste  lands  were  inclosed  under 
an  act  passed  in  1837-  The  living  is  a  rectory,  united 
to  that  of  Carleton,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £6  ; 
patrons,  alternately,  Sir  W.  B.  Proctor  and  Sir  Charles 
Rich,  Barts.  The  church  consists  of  a  nave  and  chancel, 
with  a  square  tower;  the  entrance  on  the  south  is 
through  a  rich  Norman  doorway. 

ASHBY  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  and 
hundred  of  MUTFORD  and  LOTHINGLAND,  E.  division 
of  SUFFOLK,  6  miles  (N.  W.)  from  Lowestoft ;  contain- 
ing, with  the  chapelry  of  Adstone,  53  inhabitants,  and 
comprising  1003  acres.  The  living  is  a  discharged  rec- 
tory, valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £6,  and  in  the  gift 
of  the  Rev.  George  Anguish  :  the  tithes  have  been  com- 
muted for  a  rent-charge  of  £205,  and  the  glebe  consists 
of  about  22  acres.  The  church  is  a  small  thatched 
building,  having  a  tower  circular  at  the  base,  and  octan- 
gular above. 

ASHBY,  CANONS  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  DAVENTRY,  hundred  of  GREENS-NORTON,  S.  division 
of  the  county  of  NORTHAMPTON,  8  miles  (W.  by  N.) 
from  Towcester ;  containing  252  inhabitants.  The  parish 
consists  of  3070a.  29/>.,  of  which  1715a.  29/>.  are  in  the 
division  of  the  parish,  exclusively  of  the  chapelry  of  Ad- 
stone,  and  a  portion  is  occupied  by  a  well-wooded  park. 
Here  was  anciently  a  priory  of  Black  canons,  founded 
about  the  time  of  John,  the  revenue  of  which,  at  the 
dissolution,  was  £127.  19. :  in  the  alienation  no  endow- 
ment was  reserved  for  the  service  of  the  church,  and 
consequently  there  is  now  no  incumbency. 

ASHBY,  CASTLE  (ST.  MARY  MAGDALENE),  a  parish, 
in  the  union  of  HARDINGSTONE,  hundred  of  WYMMERS- 
LEY,  S.  division  of  the  county  of  NORTHAMPTON,  8  miles 
(E.  by  S.)  from  Northampton  ;  containing  172  inhabit- 
ants. It  appears  to  derive  the  prefix  to  its  name  from 
an  ancient  castle  which  is  thought  to  have  stood  near 
the  site  of  the  present  magnificent  mansion  of  the  Mar- 
quess of  Northampton,  where  the  foundation  stones  of 
a  large  building  have  been  discovered.  The  parish  com- 
prises 1889a.  2r.,  of  which  the  greater  part  is  arable; 
the  soil  is  a  strong  clay,  the  sub-soil  limestone,  in  some 
parts  gravel.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the 

M 


AS  HB 


A  S  HB 


king's  books  at  £17.  Q.  7.,  and  in  the  gift  of  the  Mar- 
quess :  the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge 
of  £237.  1 8.  2.,  and  the  glebe  consists  of  120  acres.  The 
church  forms  a  picturesque  object  in  his  lordship's 
grounds,  and  is  principally  in  the  decorated  style  of 
English  architecture ;  the  north  entrance  is  through  a 
beautiful  Norman  arch  in  good  preservation.  Some 
skeletons  and  warlike  weapons  of  an  early  date  have 
been  dug  up  in  the  neighbourhood. 

ASHBY,  COLD  (ST.  DENIS),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  BRIXWORTH,  hundred  of  GUILSBOROUGH,  S.  division 
of  the  county  of  NORTHAMPTON,  11^  miles  (N.  W.  by  N.) 
from  Northampton  ;  containing  443  inhabitants.  This 
parish,  which  comprises  by  computation  2077  acres,  is 
situated  on  a  verdant  tract  of  elevated  ground,  and 
bounded  on  the  north-east  by  the  road  from  Northamp- 
ton to  Leicester  ;  and  from  the  bold  declivity  terminat- 
ing the  lofty  ridge  upon  which  the  village  stands, 
extensive  and  beautiful  prospects  are  obtained  of  the 
surrounding  country.  The  living  is  a  vicarage,  valued 
in  the  king's  books  at  £6.  0.  5. ;  net  income,  £230  ; 
patron  and  incumbent,  Rev.  W.  Mousley  5  impropriators, 
the  family  of  Buxton  :  the  glebe  consists  of  about  120 
acres  of  good  arable  land.  The  church  was  repaired 
and  repewed  in  1840,  at  which  time  the  incumbent  pre- 
sented a  new  organ  and  two  stained-glass  windows. 
Here  is  a  school  endowed  with  £18  per  annum.  Richard 
Knolles,  the  historian  of  the  Turkish  Empire,  was  born 
here  in  1540. 

ASHBY-DE-LA-LAUNDE  (Sr.  HYBALD),  a  parish, 
in  the  union  of  SLEAFORD,  wapentake  of  FLAXWELL, 
parts  of  KESTEVEN,  county  of  LINCOLN,  6£  miles  (N. 
by  W.)  from  Sleaford  ;  containing  157  inhabitants.  It 
comprises  2580a.  3r.,  of  which  2296  acres  are  arable, 
222  grass,  and  62  woodland,  &c.  The  living  is  a  dis- 
charged vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £6.  8.  4. ; 
net  income,  £299  ;  patron  and  impropriator,  Rev. 
John  King.  The  tithes  were  commuted  for  land  and  a 
money  payment,  under  an  inclosure  act,  in  1807. 

ASHBY-DE-LA-ZOUCH  (ST.  HELEN),  a  market- 
town,  parish,  and  the  head  of  a  union,  in  the  hundred  of 
WEST  GOSCOTE,  N.  division  of  the  county  of  LEICESTER, 
18  miles  (N.  W.  by  W.)  from  Leicester,  and  1 15  (N.  W.  by 
N.)  from  London  ;  containing,  with  part  of  the  chapelry 
of  Blackfordby,  5652  inhabitants.  The  name  appears 
to  be  derived  from  the  Saxon  Asc,  an  ash,  and  bye,  a 
habitation  :  it  received  the  adjunct,  by  which  it  is  dis- 
tinguished from  other  towns  of  the  same  name,  from  the 
family  of  La  Zouch,  in  whose  possession  it  continued 
from  the  latter  part  of  the  twelfth  to  the  close  of  the 
fourteenth  century.  Sir  William  Hastings,  created 
Baron  Hastings  by  Edward  IV.,  and  who  was  beheaded 
by  Richard  III.,  built  a  strong  castle  here  in  the  reign 
of  the  former  monarch,  in  which  Mary,  Queen  of  Scots, 
while  in  the  custody  of  the  Earl  of  Huntingdon,  was  for 
some  time  kept  in  confinement;  and  in  this  castle  also 
Anne,  consort  of  James  I.,  and  her  son,  Prince  Henry, 
were  magnificently  entertained  by  the  Earl  of  Hunting- 
don, on  their  journey  from  York  to  London  in  1603. 
At  the  commencement  of  the  parliamentary  war,  the 
Earl  of  Huntingdon  was  one  of  the  first  that  appeared 
in  arms  for  the  king  in  Leicestershire,  and  Ashby  Castle 
was  garrisoned  for  his  majesty  by  the  earl's  second  son, 
Col.  Henry  Hastings,  who  was  made  general  of  the 
king's  forces  in  the  midland  counties,  and,  for  his  ser- 
82 


vices  to  the  royal  cause  was,  in  1643,%  created  Baron 
Loughborough.  The  king  was  here,  on  his  march  to 
and  from  Leicester,  in  May  and  June  1645.  After  sus- 
taining a  siege  of  several  months  from  the  army  under 
Fairfax,  Lord  Loughborough  surrendered  the  castle  to 
Col.  Needham,  in  February  1646,  on  honourable  terms, 
the  garrison  being  allowed  to  march  out  with  all  the 
honours  of  war.  The  castle  was  one  of  the  fortresses 
demolished  by  order  of  a  committee  of  the  house  of 
commons,  about  the  end  of  the  year  1649  :  the  re- 
maining portions  form  ana  extensive  and  interesting 
mass  of  ruins,  consisting  of  the  great  tower,  the  chapel, 
the  kitchen  tower,  and  a  part  evidently  of  much  earlier 
date  than  the  tower,  as  some  portion  of  it  was  standing 
in  the  time  of  Richard  I.  The  Marquess  of  Hastings 
has  lately  expended  a  considerable  sum  in  repairing 
parts  of  these  ruins,  and  arresting  the  progress  of  decay  ; 
and  on  the  site  of  a  building  which  stood  to  the  north 
of  the  castle,  and  at  right  angles  with  it,  erected  for  the 
accommodation  of  the  suite  of  James  I.,  when  on  a  visit 
to  the  Earl  of  Huntingdon,  he  has  erected  a  handsome 
structure  in  the  later  English  style,  designated  the  manor- 
house. 

The  TOWN,  a  great  part  of  which  was  destroyed  by  fire 
in  1753,  is  pleasantly  situated  on  the  banks  of  the  small 
river  Gilwisthaw,  at  the  north-western  extremity  of  the 
county,  and  consists  principally  of  one  very  spacious 
street,  with  two  smaller  streets  extending  in  a  parallel  di- 
rection, and  containing  several  substantial  and  well-built 
houses  :  it  is  lighted  with  gas,  and  measures  have  been 
lately  taken  for  supplying  it  with  water.  The  Ivanhoe 
baths,  a  splendid  building  erected  in  1826,  of  the  Doric 
order  of  architecture,  are  supplied  from  the  neighbour- 
ing collieries  with  water,  strongly  impregnated  with 
muriate  of  soda,  containing,  by  ten  or  twelve  degrees,  a 
greater  proportion  of  salt  than  sea  water :  the  building 
consists  of  a  centre,  comprising  the  spacious  pump- 
room,  finished  with  rich  architectural  decorations,  and 
over-arched  with  an  elegant  and  lofty  dome,  and  of  two 
wings,  one  for  gentlemen  and  the  other  for  ladies,  in  each 
of  which  is  a  range  of  six  baths,  with  douche,  vapour,  and 
shower  varieties.  There  are  lodging-houses,  a  handsome 
hotel,  a  neat  theatre,  and  other  sources  of  attraction, 
requisite  in  a  place  of  fashionable  resort.  The  manufac- 
ture of  the  coarser  kinds  of  hosiery  is  carried  on  here  : 
bricks  are  made  to  a  considerable  extent ;  and  in  the 
neighbouring  wolds,  which  abound  with  iron-stone  and 
excellent  coal,  and  which  are  now  inclosed  and  popu- 
lous, extensive  collieries  have  been  opened  by  the  Mar- 
quess of  Hastings,  and  there  is  also  a  furnace  for  smelt- 
ing the  iron-ore.  A  canal  passes  within  three  miles 
south-westward  of  the  town,  with  which  it  is  connected 
by  a  railroad,  and,  after  continuing  a  course  of  more 
than  thirty  miles,  unimpeded  by  a  single  lock,  forms  a 
junction  with  the  Coventry  canal.  The  market  is  on 
Saturday;  and  fairs  are  held  on  Shrove-Monday,  Easter- 
Tuesday,  Whit-Tuesday,  the  last  Monday  in  Sept.  and 
the  10th  of  Nov.  for  horses  and  cattle  :  this  is  stated  to 
be  the  best  market  for  strong  horses  in  England.  A 
court  of  requests  has  been  established,  under  an  act 
passed  in  1838,  which  is  held  monthly,  on  Mondays,  or 
oftener  if  necessary,  before  the  ordinary  commissioners, 
for  the  recovery  of  debts  not  exceeding  £5,  and  once  in 
every  three  months,  or  oftener,  before  a  barrister  of 
six  years'  practice,  appointed  under  the  act,  for  debts 


A  S  HB 


A  S  H  B 


above  that  amount  and  not  exceeding  £15.  A  con- 
stable and  two  headboroughs  are  appointed  at  the  court 
leet  of  the  lord  of  the  manor. 

The  parish  comprises  about  7000  acres.  The  living  is 
a  discharged  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£14.  10.  4.;  net  income,  £417;  patron  and  impropri- 
ator,  Marquess  of  Hastings.  150  acres  of  land  belong 
to  the  living  in  this  parish,  and  33  in  that  of  Whitwick. 
The  church  is  a  spacious  structure,  in  the  decorated 
English  style,  and  contains,  in  an  adjoining  sepulchral 
chapel,  several  monuments  of  the  Huntingdon  family, 
among  which  is  one  to  the  memory  of  Francis,  Earl  of 
Huntingdon,  and  his  countess,  deserving  particular 
notice.  A  church,  dedicated  to  the  Holy  Trinity,  has 
been  erected  at  an  expense  of  £3000,  on  a  site  given  by' 
the  marquess,  and  was  consecrated  on  the  13th  of  Aug. 
1840 ;  it  is  a  handsome  structure,  and  contains  900 
sittings,  of  which  600  are  free.  In  the  township  of 
Blackfordby  is  a  chapel  of  ease  ;  and  there  are  places  of 
worship  for  Baptists,  the  Connexion  of  the  Countess  of 
Huntingdon,  Independents,  and  Wesleyans.  The  free 
grammar  school  was  founded  in  1567,  by  Henry,  Earl 
of  Huntingdon,  and  others,  and  endowed  with  120 
houses  and  75  acres  of  land :  it  provides  instruction  to 
about  120  boys,  and  has,  jointly  with  the  school  at 
Derby,  ten  exhibitions  of  £10  each  per  annum  to 
Emanuel  College,  Cambridge,  founded  by  Francis  Ash, 
merchant  and  citizen  of  London,  a  native  of  this  town, 
with  preference  to  the  founder's  relations.  The  Blue- 
coat  school  was  instituted  in  1669,  and  endowed  with 
£25  per  annum,  by  Isaac  Dawson ;  and  a  Green-coat 
school  was  established  and  endowed  by  Alderman  New- 
ton, of  Leicester :  they  are  now  united,  and  contain 
about  50  boys.  The  Rev.  Simeon  Ash,  a  native  of  this 
town,  gave  £50  per  annum,  directing  that  £10  should 
be  appropriated  to  the  apprenticing  of  two  boys  yearly 
in  some  corporate  town,  and  that  the  remainder  should 
be  distributed  among  the  poor;  and  there  are  other 
schools,  besides  those  already  mentioned,  carried  on  for 
the  benefit  of  poor  children.  The  union  of  which  Ashby 
is  the  head  comprises  seventeen  parishes  or  places  in 
the  county  of  Leicester,  and  eleven  in  the  county  of 
Derby,  and  contains  a  population  of  14,234.  A  great 
number  of  Roman  coins  has  been  found  here.  Bishop 
Hall,  an  eminent  divine  and  satirist,  and  Dr.  John  Bain- 
bridge,  a  celebrated  astronomer  and  mathematician,  were 
born  at  the  town,  the  former  in  1574,  and  the  latter  in 
1582. 

ASHBY- FOLVILLE  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  MELTON-MOWBRAY,  hundred  of  EAST  Gos- 
COTE,  N.  division  of  the  county  of  LEICESTER,  6  miles 
(S.  W.  byS.)  from  Melton- Mowbray  ;  containing,  with 
thechapelry  of  Bardsby,  437  inhabitants.  It  comprises 
2S290.  lr.  13p.,  of  which  2298  acres  are  pasture,  461 
arable,  and  70  woodland.  The  living  is  a  discharged 
vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £9  ;  net  income, 
£170;  patron  and  incumbent,  Rev.  J.  Brown ;  impro- 
priators,  the  family  of  Johnston.  Lord  Carrington,  in 
1673,  founded  and  endowed  an  almshouse  for  seven 
poor  men  or  women,  the  endowment  of  which  produces 
£135  per  annum. 

ASHBY,  ST.  LEDGER'S  (ST.  MARY  AND  ST.  LEOD- 

OARE),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of  DAVENTRY,  hundred  of 

FAWSL.EY,  S.  division  of  the  county  of  NORTHAMPTON, 

3^  miles  (N.)  from  Daventry ;   containing  257  inhabit- 

83 


ants.  This  parish,  which  comprises  1902a.  2r.  4p.,  is 
bounded  on  the  east  by  the  Roman  Watling- street,  and 
is  situated  near  the  London  and  Birmingham  railway 
and  the  Union  canal.  The  living  is  a  discharged  vicar- 
age, valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £6.  13.  4.,  and  in  the 
patronage  of  Mrs.  Gaitskell  and  Lady  Senhouse ;  net 
income,  £130,  which  chiefly  arises  from  66  acres  of 
glebe.  The  church  is  in  the  later  English  style,  and 
contains  a  richly  ornamented  screen  and  rood-loft,  and 
in  the  windows  are  some  remains  of  ancient  painted 
glass.  Sir  William  Catesby,  favourite  of  Richard  III., 
and  owner  of  the  manor,  was  buried  here  within  the 
altar-rails  under  a  marble  slab,  with  a  rich  brass  in  fine 
preservation  ;  and  Robert  Catesby,  the  conspirator,  of  the 
time  of  James  I.,  resided  here,  where  he  had  property. 

ASHBY,  MAGNA  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  LUTTERWORTH,  hundred  of  GUTHLAXTON,  S.  division 
of  the  county  of  LEICKSTER,  4  miles  (N.  by  E.)  from 
Lutterworth  ;  containing  337  inhabitants,  and  comprising 
by  measurement  2000  acres.  The  living  is  a  vicarage, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £7.  18.  11^.  ;  net  income, 
£120;  patron  and  impropriator,  Earl  of  Aylesford. 
The  glebe  consists  of  49  acres. 

ASHBY-MEARS  (ALL  SAINTS),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  WELLINGBOROUGH,  hundred  of  HAMFORD- 
SHOE,  N.  division  of  the  county  of  NORTHAMPTON,  4 
miles  (W.  by  S.)  from  Wellingborough  ;  containing  496 
inhabitants.  It  comprises  1500  acres,  of  which  more 
than  two-thirds  are  arable  land,  and  is  beautifully  situ- 
ated about  a  mile  from  the  road  between  Wellingborough 
and  Northampton,  and  two  miles  distant  from  the  navi- 
gable river  Nene.  The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £4.  13.  9. ;  net  income, 
£235  ;  patrons,  alternately,  Sir  James  Langham,  Bart, 
and  Dr.  Hardy,  master  of  Winchester  College :  the 
glebe  consists  of  about  20  acres,  with  a  house  in  good 
repair.  The  south  side  of  the  church  has  been  rebuilt; 
the  tower  is  very  ancient.  A  free  school  is  endowed 
with  land  assigned,  on  the  inclosure  of  waste  grounds, 
in  lieu  of  property  purchased  with  a  bequest  of  £200  by 
Sarah  Kinloch,  in  1720  ;  the  rental  is  about  £60.  Land, 
also,  producing  about  £30  per  annum,  is  appropriated 
to  the  repair  of  highways  and  bridges. 

ASHBY,  PARVA  (ST.  PETER),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  LUTTERWORTH,  hundred  of  GUTHLAXTON,  S. 
division  of  the  county  of  LEICESTER,  3  miles  (N.  N.  W.) 
from  Lutterworth;  containing  179  inhabitants.  It 
comprises  about  750  acres,  of  which  three-fourths  are 
pasture  Jand  ;  the  soif  is  clay  and  gravel.  Within  a 
mile  and  a  half  is  a  station  on  the  Midland  Counties' 
railway.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £5.  7.  6.,  and  in  the  patronage  of  the  Crown  ; 
net  income,  £98  :  the  glebe  consists  of  34  acres.  Mrs. 
Goodacre,  in  1830,  bequeathed  the  whole  of  her  pro- 
perty, amounting  to  £6574,  after  payment  of  all  debts  and 
legacies,  to  her  niece,  Mrs.  Bowyer,  in  trust  for  charitable 
uses;  who,  in  pursuance  of  the  testator's  will,  expended 
a  part  of  the  money  in  erecting  almshouses  for  eight 
widows,  and  two  schoolrooms  with  dwelling-houses ; 
and  laid  out  the  residue  of  the  property  in  the  purchase 
of  estates  producing  £  1 50  a  year  for  their  endowment. 
On  the  inclosure  of  the  parish  in  1665,  fourteen  acres  of 
land,  yielding  £28  per  annum,  were  allotted  to  the 
reduction  of  the  poor-rates,  and  three  acres,  producing 
£7  per  annum,  to  the  repair  of  the  church. 

M2 


A  SH  C 


A  SHE 


ASHBY-PUERORUM  (Sr.  ANDREW),  a  parish,  in 
the  union  of  HORNCASTLE,  hundred  of  HILL,  parts  of 
LINDSEY,  county  of  LINCOLN,  4^  rniles  (E.  N.  E.)  from 
Horncastle  ;  containing,  with  the  hamlet  of  Stainsby, 
and  Holbeck,  extra-parochial,  111  inhabitants.  Ashby 
Puerorvm,  which  comprises  1500  acres,  chiefly  arable, 
derives  its  affix  from  its  connexion  with  the  singing 
boys  of  Lincoln  Cathedral,  for  whose  benefit  the  great 
tithes  are  received.  The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage, 
valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £6.  3.  2. ;  net  income, 
£118;  patrons  and  impropriators,  Masters  of  the  Cho- 
risters of  Lincoln  Cathedral. 

ASHBY,  WEST  (ALL  SAINTS),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  and  soke  of  HORNCASTLE,  parts  of  LINDSEY, 
county  of  LINCOLN,  if-  mile  (N.)  from  Horncastle;  con- 
taining, with  the  hamlets  of  Farthorpe  and  Middle- 
thorpe,  534  inhabitants.  It  is  pleasantly  situated  at  the 
foot  of  the  wolds,  on  the  road  from  Horncastle  to 
Louth,  and  is  intersected  in  the  western  part  by  the 
river  Bane,  and  in  the  eastern  by  the  river  Waring.  The 
whole  extent  by  measurement  is  2900  acres,  of  which 
two-thirds  are  arable,  and  one-third  meadow  and  pas- 
ture ;  the  soil  is  extremely  fertile.  The  village  is  one 
of  the  most  pleasing  in  the  county,  remarkable  for  the 
neatness  of  its  buildings,  the  excellence  of  the  roads 
leading  to  it,  and  the  beauty  of  the  surrounding  scenery. 
The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy ;  net  income,  £54  ; 
patron  and  appropriator,  the  Bishop  of  Carlisle.  The 
church  is  a  handsome  edifice  in  the  later  English  style, 
with  a  square  embattled  tower,  and  partly  mantled  with 
ivy. 

ASHCHURCH  (ST.  NICHOLAS),  a  parish,  in  the 
union,  and  Lower  division  of  the  hundred  of  TEWKES- 
BURY,  E.  division  of  the  county  of  GLOUCESTER,  2£ 
miles  (E.  N.  E.)  from  Tewkesbury  ;  containing,  with  the 
tythings  of  Aston-upon-Carron,  Fiddington  with  Natton, 
Northway  with  Newton,  and  Pamington,  743  inhabitants. 
This  parish,  of  which  the  name  was  originally  East- 
church,  from  its  relative  situation  to  the  church  of 
Tewkesbury,  is  on  the  road  from  Tewkesbury  to  Stow, 
and  comprises  by  computation  3150  acres.  One  of  the 
first-class  stations  on  the  Birmingham  and  Gloucester 
railway  is  situated  close  to  the  village.  The  living  is  a  per- 
petual curacy  ;  net  income,  £48  ;  patron  and  incumbent, 
Rev.  J.  B.  Skipper.  The  tithes  were  partially  commuted 
for  land,  under  an  inclosureact,  in  1811  ;  the  glebe  con- 
sists of  about  25  acres.  The  church  is  a  handsome  edifice, 
chiefly  in  the  English  style,  with  a  square  embattled 
tower,  crowned  with  pinnacles ;  the  south  entrance  is 
by  a  Norman  porch  of  elegant  design.  Mrs.  Smithsend 
bequeathed  £400,  appropriating  £7.  7.  per  annum  to  the 
Sunday  school,  and  the  remainder  to  the  purchasing  of 
blankets  for  distribution  annually  among  the  poor.  A 
spring  resembling  the  Cheltenham  waters  was  discovered 
a  few  years  since. 

ASHCOMBE,  a  parish,  in  the  union  of  ST.  THOMAS, 
hundred  of  EXMINSTER,  Wouford  and  S.  divisions  of 
DEVON,  2£  miles  (E.)  from  Chudleigh ;  containing  297 
inhabitants.  This  parish,  situated  near  the  sea-coast, 
comprises  2000  acres  by  survey,  of  which  500  acres  of 
common  and  waste  have  recently  been  planted ;  the  re- 
mainder is  arable,  pasture,  and  orchard  :  the  soil  is  a 
red  loam.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £18,  and  in  the  patronage  of  the  Crown  :  the 
tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £242, 
84 


and  the  glebe  comprises  30  acres.  The  church,  a  cruciform 
structure,  in  the  early  arid  decorated  English  styles,  was 
dedicated  22nd  Nov.  1259  ;  it  contains  many  ancient 
stalls  of  carved  oak.  During  the  recent  repairs  part  of 
an  old  breviary  was  found  between  the  ceiling  and  the 
roof,  written  in  the  reign  of  Richard  II.  ;  it  is  now  in 
the  British  Museum.  Here  are  two  charity  schools. 

ASHCOTT  (ALL  SAINTS),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
BRIDGWATER,  hundred  of  WHITLEY,  W.  division  of 
SOMERSET,  5  miles  (W.  S.  W.)  from  Glastonbury;  con- 
taining, with  the  hamlet  of  Pedwell,  843  inhabitants. 
This  parish,  which  is  bounded  on  the  south  by  the 
Polden  hills,  and  intersected  by  the  road  from  Glaston- 
bury to  Bridgwater,  formerly  belonged  to  the  abbey  of 
Glastonbury.  A  fair  for  cattle  is  held  on  Jan.  9th.  The 
living  is  a  perpetual  curacy,  annexed  to  the  vicarage  of 
Shapwick  :  the  impropriate  tithes  have  been  commuted 
for  a  rent-charge  of  £158.  16.,  and  the  vicarial  for  £155, 
and  £9.  10.  are  paid  to  the  rector  of  Walton-cum-Street  j 
the  glebe  consists  of  45  acres.  There  is  a  place  of  worship 
for  Wesleyans,  In  1737  Richard  Miles  bequeathed  a 
sum  of  money,  since  vested  in  land,  now  producing  £70 
per  annum,  which  is  distributed  among  the  poor. 

ASHDON  (ALL  SAINTS),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
SAFFRON-WALDEN,  hundred  of  FRESHWELL,  N.  division 
of  ESSEX,  3f-  miles  (N.  E.  by  E.)  from  Saffron-Walden  j 
comprising  by  computation  3681  acres,  and  containing, 
with  the  hamlet  of  Little  Bartlow,  1164  inhabitants. 
The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£28.  3.  4.5  net  income,  £691 5  patrons,  Master  and 
Fellows  of  Caius  College,  Cambridge.  The  church, 
situated  on  an  eminence,  is  a  spacious  and  ancient 
structure,  with  a  low  square  tower  surmounted  by  a 
small  spire  covered  with  lead  :  the  parsonage-house,  a 
handsome  residence,  about  a  quarter  of  a  mile  to  the 
north,  is  pleasantly  situated  on  rising  ground.  There  is 
a  national  school,  built  in  1833,  at  an  expense  of  £316. 
There  are  four  large  barrows,  commonly  called  Bartlow- 
hills,  and  three  small  ones  in  front  of  them,  in  the 
parish. 

ASHE,  a  tything,  in  the  parish  of  STOURPAIN,  union 
of  BLANDFORD,  hundred  of  PIMPERNE,  Blandford  divi- 
sion of  DORSET;  containing  64  inhabitants. 

ASHE  (HOLY  TRINITY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
WHITCHURCH,  hundred  of  OVERTON,  Kingsclere  and 
N.  divisions  of  the  county  of  SOUTHAMPTON,  5^  miles 
(E.  N.  E.)  from  Whitchurch  ;  comprising  by  computa- 
tion 1667  acres,  and  containing  160  inhabitants.  The  liv- 
ing is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £9.  1 1.  65. ; 
net  income,  £350  j  patron,  W.  H.  Beach,  Esq.  :  the 
glebe  consists  of  about  32  acres. 

ASHELDHAM  (ST.  LAWRENCE),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  MALDON,  hundred  of  DENGIE,  S.  division  of 
ESSEX,  2  miles  (N.  E.)  from  Southminster  ;  containing 
219  inhabitants.  This  parish,  which  is  situated  on  the 
sea-shore,  comprises  an  area  of  about  3  square  miles. 
The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £16.  13.4.;  patron,  Bishop  of  London;  ap- 
propriators,  Dean  and  Chapter  of  St.  Paul's.  The  tithes 
have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £408.  10.,  and 
there  are  40  acres  of  glebe.  The  church  is  a  plain  build- 
ing, consisting  of  a  nave  and  chancel,  with  a  low  square 
tower. 

ASHELWORTH  (ST.  ANDREW,  or  ST.  BARTHOLO- 
MEW), a  parish,  in  the  union  of  GLOUCESTER,  Upper 


A  S  H  F 


A  S  H  F 


division  of  the  hundred  of  BERKELEY,  though  locally  in 
the  hundred  of  DUDSTONE  and  KING'S  BARTON,  W. 
division  of  the  county  of  GLOUCESTER,  5^  miles  (N.  by 
W.)  from  Gloucester ;  containing  594  inhabitants.  It  is 
skirted  on  the  south-east  by  the  navigable  river  Severn, 
and  comprises  about  1600  acres,  of  which  two-thirds  are 
pasture,  and  one-third  arable.  Several  parts  of  the 
manor-house  display  considerable  antiquity ;  and  the 
parsonage,  now  a  farm-house,  affords  a  peculiarly  fine 
specimen  of  wood-work.  The  living  is  a  discharged 
vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £10.  2.  11.;  net 
income,  £187  ;  patron,  Bishop  of  Gloucester  and  Bristol. 
The  tithes  were  commuted  for  land  and  an  annual 
money-payment,  under  an  inclosure  act,  in  1797  The 
church  consists  of  a  nave,  south  aisle,  and  two  chancels, 
with  a  tower  and  spire,  chiefly  in  the  later  English  style. 

ASHEN,  a  parish,  in  the  union  of  RISBRIDGE,  hun- 
dred of  HINCKFORD,  N.  division  of  ESSEX,  2^  miles 
(S.  W.  by  S.)  from  Clare  ;  comprising  by  measurement 
1574  acres,  and  containing  321  inhabitants.  The  village 
is  pleasantly  situated  on  elevated  ground,  commanding 
fine  prospects  ;  and  the  parish  is  richly  wooded.  John 
Elwes,  celebrated  for  his  great  wealth  and  penurious 
habits,  was  proprietor  of  the  manor  of  Ashen,  to  which 
he  succeeded  on  the  decease  of  his  uncle,  Sir  Harvey 
Elwes.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books 
at  £8,  and  in  the  patronage  of  the  Crown,  in  right  of 
the  duchy  of  Lancaster  :  the  tithes  have  been  commuted 
for  a  rent-charge  of  £390,  and  there  are  16  acres  of 
glebe.  The  church,  consisting  of  a  nave  and  chancel,  is 
an  edifice  of  small  dimensions,  chiefly  of  stone,  with  a 
square  embattled  tower,  and  contains  several  monu- 
ments of  great  antiquity.  According  to  Bishop  Tanner, 
here  was  a  priory  of  Augustine  Friars,  in  the  seventeenth 
of  Edward  II. 

ASHENDON  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
AYLESBURY,  hundred  of  ASHENDON,  county  of  BUCK- 
INGHAM, 6^  miles  (N.)  from  Thame ;  containing,  with 
the  hamlet  of  Pollicot,  312  inhabitants.  The  living  is  a 
perpetual  curacy,  with  that  of  Dorton  annexed  ;  net  in- 
come, £106;  patrons,  Dean  and  Canons  of  Christ- 
Church,  Oxford.  The  church  formerly  contained  several 
lofty  and  elegant  marble  monuments  to  the  ancient 
family  of  Falconer,  of  Ashendon,  which  have  long  since 
been  removed  :  in  a  large  recess  of  the  south  wall,  under 
an  ornamented  arch,  to  the  left  of  the  communion  table, 
is  the  recumbent  effigy  of  a  crusader  with  chain  mail. 

ASHERIDGE,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  CHESHAM, 
union  of  AMERSHAM,  hundred  of  BURNHAM,  county  of 
BUCKINGHAM  ;  containing  129  inhabitants. 

ASHFIELD,  with  RUTHALL,  a  township,  in  the  pa- 
rish of  PRIOR'S-DITTON,  union  of  BRIDGENORTH,  hun- 
dred of  MUNSLOW,  S.  division  of  SALOP,  8f  miles  (W. 
S.  W.)  from  Bridgenorth  ;  containing  55  inhabitants. 

ASHFIELD  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
BOSMERE  and  CLAYDON,  hundred  of  THREDLING,  E. 
division  of  SUFFOLK,  2^  miles  (E.)  from  Debenham  ; 
comprising  1565a.  2r.  19/>.,  and  containing,  with  the 
hamlet  of  Thorpe,  343  inhabitants.  The  living  is  a  per- 
petual curacy ;  net  income,  £53 ;  patron  and  impro- 
priator,  Lord  Henniker,  who  has  commuted  the  tithes 
for  a  rent- charge  of  £465.  The  glebe  comprises  three 
acres,  with  a  small  cottage.  The  church  has  long  been 
dilapidated,  though  parts  of  the  walls  and  of  the  steeple 
remain  :  the  cemetery  is  still  used  for  interment.  There 
85 


is  a  chapel  of  ease  at  Thorpe,  in  the  English  style,  with 
a  round  tower,  which  is  very  old;  it  was  repaired  by 
George  Pitt,  Esq.,  in  1739.  There  is  also  a  burial-ground 
at  Thorpe. 

ASHFIELD,  GREAT  (ALL  SAINTS),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  STOW,  hundred  of  BLACKBURN,  W.  division  of 
SUFFOLK,  5  miles  (E.  S.  E.)  from  Ixworth  ;  containing 
396  inhabitants.  The  living  is  a  perpetual  curacy;  net 
income,  £54 ;  patron  and  impropriator,  Lord  Thurlow, 
whose  ancestor,  the  lord  chancellor,  was  born  here  in 
1732.  The  church  is  in  the  early  and  decorated  styles, 
and  consists  of  a  nave,  chancel,  and  north  aisle,  with  a 
square  tower,  surmounted  by  a  small  spire.  Nicholas 
Firmage,  by  his  will  dated  in  1620,  gave,  for  a  minister 
to  preach  a  sermon  every  Sunday  forenoon,  lands  of 
which  four-fifths  of  the  rents  are  now  paid  to  a  lecturer. 

ASHFORD,  a  chapelry,  in  the  parish  and  union  of 
BAKEWELL,  hundred  of  HIGH  PEAK,  N.  division  of  the 
county  of  DERBY,  2  miles  (N.  W.  by  W.)  from  Bakewell ; 
containing  950  inhabitants,  and  comprising  2562a.  Ir. 
13p.  The  village  is  pleasantly  situated  in  a  vale  watered 
by  the  river  Wye,  over  which  are  three  stone  bridges. 
Mills  for  sawing  and  polishing  marble,  being  the  first 
established  for  that  purpose  in  England,  were  erected 
on  its  banks  in  1786,  and  are  supplied  from  the  cele- 
brated quarries  of  black  marble  in  the  vicinity.  The 
living  is  a  perpetual  curacy  ;  net  income,  £102 ;  patron, 
Vicar  of  Bakewell ;  appropriators,  Dean  and  Chapter  of 
Lichfield.  The  chapel,  dedicated  to  the  Holy  Trinity,  is 
in  various  styles,  part  being  early  English  ;  the  first 
erection  was  a  chantry,  established  here  by  Godfrey, 
son  of  Wenun  Wyn,  in  1257-  There  is  a  place  of  wor- 
ship for  General  Baptists  ;  another,  originally  founded 
by  the  nonconformist  divine,  William  Bagshaw,  styled 
"the  Apostle  of  the  Peak,"  has  been  subsequently  used 
by  different  sects.  A  school  endowed  with  £8.  13.  4. 
per  annum,  is  further  supported  by  a  donation  of  £20 
from  the  Duke  of  Devonshire.  Edward  Plantagenet, 
Earl  of  Kent,  resided  in  a  mansion  near  the  church,  of 
which  there  are  no  vestiges,  except  the  moat  that  sur- 
rounded it. 

ASHFORD  (ST.  PETER),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
BARNSTAPLE,  hundred  of  BRAUNTON,  Braunton  and  N. 
divisions  of  DEVON,  2  miles  (N.  W.)  from  Barnstaple; 
containing  174  inhabitants.  This  parish,  situated  on 
the  navigable  river  Taw,  by  which  it  is  bounded  on  the 
south,  comprises  by  measurement  330  acres,  two-thirds 
of  which  are  arable,  and  the  remainder  grazing,  meadow, 
and  orchard.  The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  en- 
dowed with  the  rectorial  tithes,  and  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £8.  13.  9.:  it  is  in  the  patronage  of  the  Crown, 
and  the  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge 
of  £85,  with  a  glebe  of  7  acres.  A  school  is  supported 
by  voluntary  contributions. 

ASHFORD  (ST.  MARY),  a  market-town,  parish,  and 
the  head  of  the  union  of  WEST  ASHFORD,  in  the  hundred 
of  CHART  and  LONGBRIDGE,  lathe  of  SCRAY,  E.  division 
of  KENT,  20  miles  (S.  E.  by  E.)  from  Maidstone,  and  54 
(E.  S.  E.)  from  London ;  containing  30S2  inhabitants. 
This  place,  originally  Asscheford,  rose  from  the  ruins  of 
Great  Chart,  an  ancient  market-town,  which  gave  name 
to  the  hundred,  and  was  destroyed  during  the  Danish 
wars.  The  town,  which  is  a  liberty  of  itself,  is  situated 
on  an  eminence  rising  from  the  northern  bank  of  the 
small  river  Stour,  over  which  is  a  bridge  of  one  arch  : 


A  SH  F 


A  S  H  I 


the  houses  are  modern  and  well  built,  and  the  prin- 
cipal street,  which  is  nearly  half  a  mile  long,  is 
lighted.  The  turnpike-roads  from  London  to  Hythe, 
and  from  Canterbury  to  Rye,  in  the  county  of  Sussex, 
pass  through  it.  A  suite  of  assembly-rooms  has  been 
erected  on  the  site  of  the  ancient  manor  and  market- 
house,  in  which  assemblies  occasionally  take  place ; 
there  are  two  subscription  libraries,  and  races  are  held 
annually  for  one  day.  The  only  branch  of  manufacture 
is  that  of  linen,  which  is  carried  on  to  a  small  extent. 
The  market  is  on  Tuesday  and  Saturday  ;  there  is  a 
cattle-market  on  the  first  and  third  Tuesday,  in  every 
month ;  and  fairs  are  held  on  May  17th,  Sept.  9th,  and 
Oct.  24th,  for  general  merchandize,  and  in  the  first 
week  in  Aug.  for  wool.  A  new  turnpike-road,  in  a  more 
direct  line  than  the  old  road,  has  lately  been  completed 
between  the  place  and  Canterbury ;  and  the  South- 
Eastern  railway  passes  near  it.  A  court  leet  is  held 
annually,  at  which  a  constable,  borough-holder,  and 
other  officers  are  appointed. 

The  parish  comprises  2800a.  3r.  17/>->  of  which  about 
92  acres  are  roads,  waste  lands,  and  the  town.  The 
LIVING  is  a  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£18.  4.  2.;  net  income,  £460 ;  patrons  and  appropri- 
ators,  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Rochester :  the  glebe  com- 
prises about  14  acres.  The  church,  formerly  collegiate, 
is  a  spacious  and  handsome  cruciform  structure,  in  the 
later  English  style,  with  a  lofty  and  elegant  tower  rising 
from  the  centre,  and  having  at  the  southern  entrance  a 
fine  Norman  arch  :  it  was  rebuilt  in  the  reign  of  Ed- 
ward IV.,  by  Sir  John  Fogge,  Knt.,  who  erected  the 
beautiful  tower,  and  founded  the  college  for  a  master, 
two  chaplains,  and  two  secular  clerks.  In  a  small 
chapel  adjoining  the  south-western  transept  are  three 
sumptuous  monuments  of  variegated  marble,  to  the 
memory  of  the  Smyths  of  Westenhanger,  and  one  to 
the  Duchess  of  Athol.  There  are  places  of  worship  for 
Particular  Baptists,  the  Society  of  Friends,  the  Connexion 
of  the  Countess  of  Huntingdon,  and  Wesleyans.  The 
free  grammar  school  was  founded  in  1636,  by  Sir  Nor- 
ton Knatchbull,  who  endowed  it  with  £30  per  annum, 
and  vested  the  appointment  of  a  master  in  his  own 
family ;  and  national  schools  are  supported  by  subscrip- 
tion, and  by  a  bequest  in  land,  producing  £35  a  year, 
from  Dr.  Turner,  in  1702.  The  poor  law  union  of  West 
Ashford  comprises  12  parishes  and  places,  and  contains 
a  population  of  11,329.  A  mineral  spring  was  disco- 
vered, a  few  years  ago,  in  a  field  called  Sparrows  gar- 
dens. Robert  Glover,  an  industrious  antiquary  of  the 
sixteenth  century  ;  his  nephew,  Thomas  Miller,  eminent 
as  a  herald  and  genealogist ;  and  Dr.  John  Wallis,  the 
celebrated  mathematician,  were  natives  of  the  place. 
Ashford  confers  the  inferior  title  of  Baron  on  the  family 
of  Keppel,  Earls  of  Albemarle. 

ASHFORD  (ST.  MICHAEL),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
STAINES,  hundred  of  SPELTHORNE,  county  of  MIDDLE- 
SEX, 4  miles  (N.  E.  by  N.)  from  Chertsey ;  containing 
524  inhabitants.  It  comprises  1378a.  3r.  I4p.,  of  which 
the  greater  portion  is  arable,  and  about  100  acres  mea- 
dow and  pasture  ;  the  surface  is  generally  flat,  and  the 
soil  a  gravel  resting  on  blue  clay ;  the  surrounding 
scenery  is  pleasing,  and  is  enlivened  by  several  hand- 
some residences.  The  living  is  annexed  to  the  vicarage 
of  Staines;  impropriator,  J.  Irving  Esq.  The  great  tithes 
were  commuted  in  1809  for  land  and  a  money  payment, 
86 


under  an  inclosure  act;  and  the  vicarial  tithes  have  since 
been  commuted  for  a  rent- charge  of  £100  ;  there  is  a  glebe 
of  26£  acres.  The  church  is  a  small  edifice,  built  in 
1796,  at  the  expense  of  the  principal  inhabitants.  A  Sun- 
day school  is  endowed  with  the  interest  of  £438.  3.  &£., 
three  and  a  half  per  cent,  consols. 

ASHFORD,  a  hamlet,  in  the  parish  of  ILTON,  union 
of  CHARD,  hundred  of  ABDICK  and  BULSTONE,  W.  divi- 
sion of  SOMERSET  ;  containing  13  inhabitants. 

ASHFORD-BOWDLER  (ST.  ANDREW),  a  parish,  in 
the  union  of  LUDLOW,  hundred  of  MUNSLOW,  S.  divi- 
sion of  SALOP,  2  miles  (S.  by  E.)  from  Ludlow  ;  con- 
taining 96  inhabitants.  This  parish,  situated  on  the 
river  Teme,  and  intersected  by  the  road  from  Ludlow  to 
Worcester,  comprises  about  370  acres,  of  which  two- 
thirds  are  arable,  and  the  remainder  pasture.  The  liv- 
ing is  a  perpetual  curacy  ;  net  income,  £55  ;  patron,  C. 
Walker,  Esq.,  of  Ashford  Court. 

ASHFORD-CARBONELL  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in 
the  union  of  LUDLOW,  partly  in  the  hundred  of  MUN- 
SLOW, but  chiefly  in  that  of  STOTTESDEN,  S.  division  of 
SALOP,  3^  miles  (S.  S.  E.)  from  Ludlow;  containing 
266  inhabitants.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  annexed  to 
that  of  Little  Hereford. 

ASHFORDBY,  or  ASFORDBY  (ALL  SAINTS),  a  parish, 
in  the  union  of  MELTON-MOWBRAY,  hundred  of  EAST 
GOSCOTE,  N.  division  of  the  county  of  LEICESTER,  3 
miles  (W.)  from  Melton-Mowbray ;  containing  482  in- 
habitants. It  comprises  by  measurement  1800  acres, 
of  which  two-thirds  are  grazing,  and  one-third  arable 
land,  and  is  situated  on  the  river  Wreak,  which  com- 
municates with  the  Leicester  and  Melton-Mowbray  navi- 
gation, and  over  which  is  a  bridge.  The  living  is  a  rec- 
tory, valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £15.  11.  8.,  and  in 
the  patronage  of  the  Rev.  A.  Burnaby,  the  present  in- 
cumbent, and  his  two  sisters,  with  a  net  income  of 
£455 :  the  tithes  were  commuted  for  land  in  1761, 
under  an  inclosure  act.  In  1769,  Morris  Cam  left  £100 
towards  the  support  of  a  school ;  and  from  other  be- 
quests a  small  sum  is  distributed  among  the  poor. 

ASH-HOLM,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  LAMBLEY, 
union  of  HALTWHTSTLE,  W.  division  of  TINDALE  ward, 
S.  division  of  NORTHUMBERLAND,  19^  miles  (W.  by  S.) 
from  Hexham.  This  place,  which  is  snugly  seated  under 
banks  clothed  with  luxuriant  woods,  and  where  the 
course  of  the  Tyne  is  suddenly  intercepted  by  a  high 
promontory  called  the  Shafthill,  was  the  seat  of  the 
ancient  family  of  Wallace,  whose  honourable  career  and 
success  in  life  have  enabled  them  to  extend  their  pro- 
perty in  the  county  far  beyond  the  limits  of  this  their 
patrimonial  estate  :  James  Wallace  was  attorney-general 
in  1780,  and  his  son  Thomas  also  filled  offices  of  state, 
for  which  he  was,  in  1828,  created  Baron  Wallace  of 
Knaresdale.  The  Romans  had  a  signal  station  here,  the 
area  of  which  is  rectangular,  but  only  35  yards  by  24, 
being  defended  on  three  sides  by  steep  escarpments,  and 
on  the  east,  and  partly  on  the  south,  being  cut  off  from 
the  main  land  by  a  ditch  60  feet  wide  and  25  deep. 
Here  is  a  good  mill-stone  quarry. 

ASHILL  (ST.  NICHOLAS),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
SWAFFHAM,  hundred  of  WAYLAND,  W.  division  of  NOR- 
FOLK, 3  miles  (N.  W.)  from  Watton  ;  containing  637 
inhabitants.  It  comprises  by  computation  2991  acres, 
of  which  236/  are  arable,  and  584  meadow  and  pas- 
ture; the  soil  is  in  some  parts  light  and  gravelly,  and 


A  S  II  I 


A  SHL 


in  others  strong  and  clayey.  The  living  is  a  rec- 
tory, valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £19.  13.  6£.  ;  patron 
and  incumbent,  Rev.  B.  Edwards.  The  tithes  have  been 
commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £979  ;  a  rent-charge 
of  £21  is  paid  to  the  rector  of  Great  Cressingham  ;  and 
there  are  30  acres  of  glebe,  with  a  good  glebe-house. 
The  church  is  chiefly  in  the  later  style  of  English  archi- 
tecture. There  is  a  place  of  worship  for  Wesleyans. 
At  the  time  of  the  inclosure  73  acres  of  land  were 
allotted  to  the  poor. 

ASHILL,  a  parish,  in  the  union  of  CHARD,  hundred 
of  ABDICK  and  BULSTONE,  W.  division  of  SOMERSET, 
4  miles  (N.  W.)  from  Ilminster ;  containing  438  inhabit- 
ants. This  place,  which  is  situated  on  the  road  from 
Bridport  to  Taunton  and  Tiverton,  belonged  in  the  reign 
of  Edward  II.  to  Thomas  de  Multon,  who  obtained  for 
the  inhabitants  the  grant  of  a  weekly  market  on  Wed- 
nesday, and  of  fairs  on  the  festivals  of  the  Virgin  Mary, 
St.  Simon,  and  St.  Jude.  A  portion  of  ground,  which 
for  many  years  has  been  contested  by  the  parishes  of 
Ashill  and  Broadway,  was  in  1685  the  scene  of  a  con- 
flict between  Monmouth  on  his  retreat  from  Sedgemoor 
and  a  party  of  the  king's  forces.  The  parish  comprises 
by  admeasurement  1790  acres  of  profitable  land,  under 
good  cultivation ;  the  scenery  is  pleasantly  diversified, 
and  in  some  parts  enriched  with  wood.  A  fair  is  still 
held  in  the  village  on  the  Wednesday  in  Easter-week. 
The  living  is  a  discharged  vicarage,  valued  in  the  king's 
books  at  £6.  0.  10.;  patron,  the  Prebendary  of  Ashill 
in  the  Cathedral  of  Wells,  whose  appropriate  tithes  have 
been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £204.  10.  8.,  and 
who  has  a  glebe  of  60  acres  ;  the  vicarial  tithes  have 
been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £118.  13.  4.,  and 
there  are  24  acres  of  land  attached,  at  Bewley  Down, 
Dorset.  There  are  some  remains  of  an  ancient  seat  of 
Nicholas  Wadham,  founder  of  Wadham  College,  Ox- 
ford ;  and  a  chalybeate  spring  is  carefully  preserved. 

ASHINGDON  (ST.  ANDREW),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
and  hundred  of  ROCHFORD,  S.  division  of  ESSEX,  2^ 
miles  (N.  by  W.)  from  Rochford  ;  containing  119  in- 
habitants. This  place  is  thought  by  the  best  writers 
to  have  been  the  scene  of  the  battle  of  Assandune,  in 
1016,  in  which  Canute  the  Dane,  after  a  sanguinary 
contest,  vanquished  the  Saxons  under  Edmund  Iron- 
side. The  parish  comprises  Il65a.  Ir.  lip.  The  living 
is  a  discharged  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£8.  13.  4. ;  patron  and  incumbent,  Rev.  John  Nottidge, 
whose  tithes  have  been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of 
£285,  and  who  has  20  acres  of  glebe.  A  national  school 
for  Ashingdon  and  South  Fambridge  was  established  in 
1832. 

ASHINGTON,  with  SHEEPWASH,  a  township,  in  the 
parish  of  BOTHAI,,  union  of  MORPETH,  E.  division  of 
MORPETH  ward,  N.  division  of  NORTHUMBERLAND,  4^ 
miles  (E.  by  N.)  from  Morpeth  ;  containing  76  inhabit- 
ants. The  persons  who  are  first  named  in  the  records 
as  connected  with  the  property  here,  are  the  Morwicks, 
Lumleys,  and  Fitzhnghs  ;  the  family  of  Essendon  (the 
modern  Ashington)  are  mentioned  as  lords  of  the 
manor  at  the  close  of  the  13th  century ;  and  the  most 
important  landowners  since  that  period  have  been  the 
families  of  Coventre  and  Fenwick,  from  whom  the  place 
has  descended  to  the  Duke  of  Portland.  The  township 
comprises  583  acres  of  land,  of  which  444  are  tillage, 
112  grass,  and  27  wood;  the  grounds  are  very  beautiful 
87 


in  some  places  by  the  side  of  the  river  Wansbeck,  which 
is  navigable  for  keels  and  small  boats  as  far  as  Sheep- 
wash,  where  it  is  crossed  by  a  bridge.  The  tithes  have 
been  commuted  for  a  rent-charge  of  £109.  6. 

ASHINGTON  (ST.  FINCENT),  a  parish,  in  the  union 
of  YEOVIL,  hundred  of  STONE,  W.  division  of  SOMER- 
SET, 3  miles  (E.  S.  E.)  from  Ilchester ;  comprising  by 
computation  560  acres,  and  containing  71  inhabitants. 
The  parish  is  finely  wooded  and  fertile,  the  land  rising 
gently  from  the  river  Yeo,  which  bounds  it  on  the  east 
and  north;  and  looking  over  a  rich  and  extensive  vale, 
the  view  is  terminated  at  unequal  distances  by  a  bold 
and  beautiful  range  of  hills  from  the  south-east  to  the 
north-west.  The  living  is  a  discharged  rectory,  valued 
in  the  king's  books  at  £6.  3.  4.,  and  in  the  patronage  of 
the  Rev.  John  Williams  :  the  tithes  have  been  com- 
muted for  a  rent-charge  of  £125,  and  there  are  32  acres 
of  glebe,  with  a  house.  The  church  is  a  small  neat 
structure,  having  a  turret  with  two  bells  ;  at  the  eastern 
end,  on  the  outside,  is  a  small  niche,  wherein  are  three 
human  figures,  which  admit  a  conjecture  that  they  refer 
to  the  history  of  St.  Vincent,  who  was  burnt  alive  at 
Valentia,  in  Spain,  in  the  year  304. 

ASHINGTON  cum  BUNCTON  (ST.  PETER  AND  ST. 
PAUL),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of  THAKEHAM,  hundred 
of  WEST  GRINSTEAD,  rape  of  BRAMBER,  W.  division 
of  SUSSEX,  5  miles  (N.  W.)  from  Steyning,  on  the  road 
from  London  to  Worthing  ;  containing  282  inhabitants. 
The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£8.  5.;  net  income,  £189;  patron,  Duke  of  Norfolk. 
The  church  is  in  the  later  English  style,  and  has  some 
fragments  of  stained-glass  in  its  windows.  At  Buncton 
is  a  chapel  of  ease,  with  remains  of  Norman  arches  on 
the  outside  of  the  chancel. 

ASHLEY  cum  SILVERLEY  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in 
the  union  of  NEWMARKET,  hundred  of  CHEVELEY, 
county  of  CAMBRIDGE,  3^  miles  (E.  by  S.)  from  New- 
market ;  containing  417  inhabitants.  These  parishes, 
which  are  consolidated  into  one,  comprise  21 43a.3r.  25p. 
At  Silverley  are  only  a  farm-house  and  two  cottages, 
with  the  tower  of  the  ruined  church  ;  and  at  Ashley 
are  the  ruins  of  an  old  church  situated  in  the  burial- 
ground.  The  living  is  a  rectory,  with  the  vicarage  of  Sil- 
verley annexed,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £8 ; 
patron,  Marquess  of  Bute  ;  net  income,  £150,  arising 
out  of  272  acres  of  land  allotted  in  lieu  of  tithes  on  the 
inclosure.  The  church  is  a  small  plain  edifice. 

ASHLEY,  a  township,  in  the  parish  of  BOWDON, 
union  of  ALTRINCHAM,  hundred  of  BUCKLOW,  N.  divi- 
sion of  CHESHIRE,  5  miles  (N.  N.  E.)  from  Nether 
Knutsford  ;  containing  377  inhabitants.  Ashley  Hall, 
the  ancient  manorial  mansion,  which  is  approached  by 
a  fine  avenue  of  stately  walnut  trees,  is  remarkable  for 
containing  eleven  original  portraits  of  gentlemen  of  this 
county,  ancestors  of  the  Grosvenors,  Cholmondeleys, 
and  other  families,  who  formed  a  club  during  the  pro- 
gress of  the  Pretender  through  the  north,  in  1715, 
when  the  expediency  of  joining  his  standard  was  de- 
bated, and  the  casting  vote  against  the  measure  was  given 
by  Thomas  Asheton,  the  owner  of  the  mansion.  The 
tithes  have  been  commuted  for  rent- charges,  amounting 
to  £205,  of  which  £197  are  payable  to  the  Bishop  of 
Chester,  and  £8  to  the  vicar  of  the  parish. 

ASHLEY  (ST.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
MARKET-HARBOROUGH,  hundred  of  CORBY,  N.  division 


A  SH  L 


A  SHO 


of  the  county  of  NORTHAMPTON,  5  miles  (W.  by  S.) 
from  Rockingham  ;  containing  323  inhabitants.  On 
the  north  the  parish  is  bounded  by  the  river  Welland, 
which  separates  it  from  Leicestershire ;  and  it  consists 
of  H82a.  2r.  20p.,  of  a  rich  and  fertile  soil.  The  living 
is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at  £17  ;  net 
income,  £320 ;  patron  and  incumbent,  Rev.  Richard 
Farrer.  The  tithes  were  commuted  for  land  and  a 
money  payment,  under  an  inclosure  act,  in  1 806.  The 
produce  of  an  estate,  amounting  to  £14  per  annum,  is 
applied  towards  repairing  the  church  and  highways, 
and  the  relief  of  the  poor. 

ASHLEY  (Sr.  MARY),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
STOCKBRIDGE,  hundred  of  KING'S  SOMBOURN,  Win- 
chester and  N.  divisions  of  the  county  of  SOUTHAMP- 
TON, 3|  miles  (S.  S.  E.)  from  Stockbridge  ;  containing 
102  inhabitants.  It  comprises  by  measurement  1857 
acres,  of  which  1270  are  arable,  400  wood,  and  187 
pasture,  waste,  &c.  j  the  soil  rests  chiefly  on  chalk. 
The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£7.  16.  3.  ;  patron  and  incumbent,  Rev.  R.  C.  Taunton, 
who  supports  a  school.  The  tithes  have  been  commuted 
for  a  rent-charge  of  £350,  and  the  glebe  comprises 
about  40  acres.  The  church  is  an  ancient  and  curious, 
but  small  structure,  in  the  early  English  style.  There 
are  vestiges  of  several  Roman  camps,  and  a  circular 
intrenchment  of  considerable  dimensions,  supposed  to 
be  British,  or  Danish. 

ASHLEY,  a  tything,  in  the  parish  of  MILTON,  union 
of  LYMINGTON,  hundred  of  CHRISTCHURCH,  Lyming- 
ton  and  S.  divisions  of  HANTS  ;  containing  552  inhabit- 
ants. 

ASHLEY  (Sr.  JOHN  THE  BAPTIST),  a  parish,  in  the 
union  of  MARKET-DRAYTON,  N.  division  of  the  hundred 
of  PIREHILL  and  of  the  county  of  STAFFORD,  6  miles 
(N.  N.  E.)  from  Market-Drayton  ;  containing  853  in- 
habitants. It  comprises  2800a.  3r.  32p.  of  fertile  land. 
The  living  is  a  rectory,  valued  in  the  king's  books  at 
£10.  2.  8^.,  and  in  the  patronage  of  Thomas  Kinnersley 
and  H.  C.  Meynell,  Esqs.  :  the  tithes  have  been  com- 
muted for  a  rent-charge  of  £370,  and  the  glebe  com- 
prises 40  acres.  The  church  is  a  handsome  structure 
in  the  early  English  style,  and  contains  splendid  monu- 
ments and  effigies  of  the  six  Lords  Gerard,  the  last  of 
whom  died  in  1807 ;  and  also  an  elegant  monument  by 
Chantrey  to  Thomas  Kinnersley,  Esq.,  father  of  the 
present  patron.  There  are  places  of  worship  for  Wes- 
leyans  and  Roman  Catholics.  A  national  school  is 
supported  by  subscription,  and  there  is  a  school  in 
connexion  with  the  Roman  Catholic  chapel. 

ASHLEY,  (ST.  JAMES),  a  parish,  in  the  union  of 
TETBURY,  hundred  of  MALMESBURY,